About this topic
Summary The philosophy of information is the branch of philosophy devoted to the thematic study of information in all its forms, and to the application of informational methods to new and traditional philosophical problems. The philosophy of information is not limited to any particular doctrine or methodology; rather, it is unified by its central focus on information as it plays out in both theory and practice. Examples of topics addressed by the philosophy of information include, among others: the nature of information; the modalities of information processing; the relations between information, knowledge, and meaning; the informational nature of mental life; the informational interpretation of reality; the value of information; the role of information in society and human interactions; and the politics of information.
Key works Though the Philosophy of Information as discipline is fairly new, works that can be labelled as belonging to one or more of the related sub-disciplines can be found at least since the Sixties. In particular for the relation with knowledge and logic: Bar-Hillel & Carnap 1953 and Dretske 1981. For a comprehensive approach of the current debates see Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011.
Introductions Adriaans 2012; Introduction in Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011; Floridi 2010; Floridi 2002.
Related categories

119 found
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  1. Information and Knowledge À la Floridi.Fred Adams - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (3):331-344.
    Abstract: Luciano Floridi has impressively applied the concept of information to problems in semantics and epistemology, among other areas. In this essay, I briefly review two areas where I think one may usefully raise questions about some of Floridi's conclusions. One area is in the project to naturalize semantics and Floridi's use of the derived versus nonderived notion of semantic content. The other area is in the logic of information and knowledge and whether knowledge based on information necessarily supports closure, (...)
  2. The Informational Turn in Philosophy.Frederick R. Adams - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (4):471-501.
    This paper traces the application of information theory to philosophical problems of mind and meaning from the earliest days of the creation of the mathematical theory of communication. The use of information theory to understand purposive behavior, learning, pattern recognition, and more marked the beginning of the naturalization of mind and meaning. From the inception of information theory, Wiener, Turing, and others began trying to show how to make a mind from informational and computational materials. Over the last 50 years, (...)
  3. A Critical Analysis of Floridi’s Theory of Semantic Information.Pieter Adriaans - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):41-56.
    n various publications over the past years, Floridi has developed a theory of semantic information as well-formed, meaningful, and truthful data. This theory is more or less orthogonal to the standard entropy-based notions of information known from physics, information theory, and computer science that all define the amount of information in a certain system as a scalar value without any direct semantic implication. In this context the question rises what the exact relation between these various conceptions of information is and (...)
  4. Handbook of Philosophy of Information.Pieter Adriaans & Johan van Benthem - 2008 - Elsevier.
    Information is a recognized fundamental notion across the sciences and humanities, which is crucial to understanding physical computation, communication, and human cognition. The Philosophy of Information brings together the most important perspectives on information. It includes major technical approaches, while also setting out the historical backgrounds of information as well as its contemporary role in many academic fields. Also, special unifying topics are high-lighted that play across many fields, while we also aim at identifying relevant themes for philosophical reflection. There (...)
  5. The Meaning of ‘Other’ in Classifications: Formal Methods Meet Artistic Research.Patrick Allo - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (4):541-545.
    This commentary is a reflection on a collaboration with the artist Rossella Biscotti and comments on how artistic research and logico-mathematical methods can be used to contribute to the development of critical perspectives on contemporary data practices.
  6. Putting Information First: Luciano Floridi and the Philosophy of Information.Patrick Allo - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (3):247-254.
    Abstract: The core aim of this special issue is to present the philosophy of information as a way of doing philosophy, to focus on the contributions of Luciano Floridi to that area, and most important, to stimulate the debate on the most distinctive and controversial views he has defended in that context. This introduction contains a description of the philosophy of information, a discussion of two common misconceptions about the scope and the ambition of the philosophy of information, and a (...)
  7. A Quantitative-Informational Approach to Logical Consequence.Marcos Antonio Alves & Ítala M. Loffredo D'Otaviano - 2015 - In Jean-Yves Beziau (ed.), The Road to Universal Logic (Studies in Universal Logic). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. pp. 105-24.
    In this work, we propose a definition of logical consequence based on the relation between the quantity of information present in a particular set of formulae and a particular formula. As a starting point, we use Shannon‟s quantitative notion of information, founded on the concepts of logarithmic function and probability value. We first consider some of the basic elements of an axiomatic probability theory, and then construct a probabilistic semantics for languages of classical propositional logic. We define the quantity of (...)
  8. Informação, conhecimento e modelos.Marcos Antonio Alves, Daniel Martínez-Ávila & Maria Cláudia Cabrini Gracio (eds.) - 2017 - Campinas-Marília/Brasil: Coleção CLE-Unicamp/Cultura Acadêmica-UNESP.
    We are in the information age. Nowadays, the information is a high power commodity. Your domain and handling have high economic, political, social value. However, we still know little about it. What is the information? How do we store it, retrieve it and manipulate it? Everyone have or should have equal access to information? What is the relationship between information and knowledge? How can both influence and be influenced by the action? Can they are modeled? The models can contribute to (...)
  9. The Philosophy of Information – By Luciano Floridi.Staffan Angere - 2012 - Theoria 78 (1):80-83.
  10. Interaction, Information and Meaning.Robert Artigiani - 1997 - World Futures 50 (1):703-714.
  11. Gilbert Simondon and the Philosophy of Information: An Interview with Jean-Hugues Barthélémy.Jean-Hugues Barthélémy & Andrew Iliadis - 2015 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 23 (1):102-112.
  12. Philosophical Frameworks for Understanding Information Systems.A. Basden - unknown
  13. Luciano Floridi: Information: A Very Short Introduction. [REVIEW]Anthony Beavers - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (1):97-101.
  14. Luciano Floridi, Philosophy and Computing: An Introduction, Routledge, 1999.Anthony F. Beavers - unknown
    Luciano Floridi’s Philosophy and Computing: An Introduction is a survey of some important ideas that ground the newly emerging area of philosophy known, thanks to Floridi, as the philosophy of information. It was written as a textbook for philosophy students interested in the digital age, but is probably more useful for postgraduates who want to investigate intersections between philosophy and computer science, information theory and ICT (information and communications technology). The book is divided into five independent chapters followed by a (...)
  15. Floridi historizado: la cuestión del método, el estado de la profesión y la oportunidad de la filosofía de la información de Luciano Floridi.Anthony F. Beavers - 2013 - Escritos 21 (46):39-68.
    El artículo plantea la actualidad y pertinencia de la Filosofía de la información de Luciano Floridi, considerada a la luz de las revoluciones científicas de Occidente y de la instauración de nuevos paradigmas, tanto en las ciencias como en la filosofía. La analogía con el “giro matemático” de la Modernidad permite establecer el alcance revolucionario de la obra de Floridi, cuya aceptación implicará superar el obstáculo epistemológico del escolasticismo, en función del dinamismo histórico inherente al progreso científico.
  16. Historicizing Floridi: The Question About Method, the State of the Profession, and the Timeliness of Floridi's Philosophy of Information.Anthony F. Beavers - 2013 - Escritos 21 (46):39-68.
  17. Historicizing Floridi.Anthony F. Beavers - 2011 - Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):255-275.
  18. Philosophy in the Age of Information: A Symposium on Luciano Floridi's The Philosophy of Information. [REVIEW]Anthony F. Beavers & Derek Jones - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (1):1-3.
    This special issue of Minds and Machines contains a number of responses to Luciano Floridi’s groundbreaking Philosophy of Information (Oxford 2011). The essays contained here have been grouped by topic; essays 1–5 concern epistemological features of Floridi’s approach, and essays 6–8 address his metaphysics.In “On Floridi’s Method of Levels ofion”, Jan van Leeuwen addresses Floridi’s operational definition of a level of abstraction. Emphasizing the link between Floridi’s notion of abstraction and that used in computer science, van Leeuven notes that the (...)
  19. From the Universe of Knowledge to the Universe of Concepts: The Structural Revolution in Classification for Information Retrieval. [REVIEW]Clare Beghtol - 2008 - Axiomathes 18 (2):131-144.
    During the twentieth century, bibliographic classification theory underwent a structural revolution. The first modern bibliographic classifications were top-down systems that started at the universe of knowledge and subdivided that universe downward to minute subclasses. After the invention of faceted classification by S.R. Ranganathan, the ideal was to build bottom-up classifications that started with the universe of concepts and built upward to larger and larger faceted classes. This ideal has not been achieved, and the two kinds of classification systems are not (...)
  20. The Limits of Information.Jacob D. Bekenstein - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (4):511-524.
  21. Rethinking Construction. On Luciano Floridi's 'Against Digital Ontology'.Mark Jm Bishop & C. Sdrolia - forthcoming - Minds and Machines.
  22. Cybersemiotics and the Problems of the Information-Processing Paradigm as a Candidate for a Unified Science of Information Behind Library Information Science.Søren Brier - 2004. - Library Trends 52 (3):629-657.
    As an answer to the humanistic, socially oriented critique of the information-processing paradigms used as a conceptual frame for library information science, this article formulates a broader and less objective concept of communication than that of the information-processing paradigm. Knowledge can be seen as the mental phenomenon that documents (combining signs into text, depending on the state of knowledge of the recipient) can cause through interpretation. The examination of these “correct circumstances” is an important part of information science. This article (...)
  23. Current Trends in Library and Information Studies Curricula Around the World.Jenny Bronstein - 2007 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 5 (2/3):59-78.
  24. Relevance: Language, Semantics, Philosophy.John M. Budd - unknown
    The literature within library and information science (LIS) on relevance comes primarily from the subfields of information retrieval and information systems design. This literature has developed over time from an orthodoxy that has focused on relevance as an objective measure to a comprehension of the dynamic nature of relevance judgment. Other literatures, such as those of the philosophy of language and semantics, also have offered cogent thought that could and should be incorporated into LIS. This thought has broadened discussion to (...)
  25. Knowledge and Knowing in Library and Information Science: A Philosophical Framework.John M. Budd - 2001 - Scarecrow Press.
    This landmark work traces the heritage of thought, from the beginnings of modern science in the seventeenth century, until today, that has influenced the profession of library and information science.
  26. Philosophy in the Information Age.Terrell Ward Bynum - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (3):420-442.
    Abstract: In the past, major scientific and technological revolutions, like the Copernican Revolution and the Industrial Revolution, have had profound effects, not only upon society in general, but also upon Philosophy. Today's Information Revolution is no exception. Already it has had significant impacts upon our understanding of human nature, the nature of society, even the nature of the universe. Given these developments, this essay considers some of the philosophical contributions of two "philosophers of the Information Age"—Norbert Wiener and Luciano Floridi—with (...)
  27. Norbert Wiener and the Rise of Information Ethics.Terrell Ward Bynum - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  28. Floridi’s Fourth Revolution and the Demise of Ethics.Michael Byron - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):135-147.
  29. Where Did Information Go? Reflections on the Logical Status of Information in a Cybernetic and Semiotic Perspective.Sara Cannizzaro - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (1):105-123.
    This article explores the usefulness of interdisciplinarity as method of enquiry by proposing an investigation of the concept of information in the light of semiotics. This is because, as Kull, Deacon, Emmeche, Hoffmeyer and Stjernfelt state, information is an implicitly semiotic term (Biological Theory 4(2):167–173, 2009: 169), but the logical relation between semiosis and information has not been sufficiently clarified yet. Across the history of cybernetics, the concept of information undergoes an uneven development; that is, information is an ‘objective’ entity (...)
  30. On Floridi's Metaphysical Foundation of Information Ecology.Rafael Capurro - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):167-173.
  31. Cibernetica e ordine sociale. Modelli e immagini di società in Norbert Wiener e Karl Deutsch.Roberto Carradore - 2013 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 25 (48).
    The present contribution aims at defining the relation between cybernetics and social theory from the perspective of society as order. After an historical framework of the cybernetic movement, a careful reading of the works of Norbert Wiener, in which he introduced the concept of feed-back and the idea of information society, has revealed a keen awareness about the social effects of technological innovation. Among the social scientists who had made use of cybernetic concepts, it has been considered the work of (...)
  32. Cybernetics.Roberto Cordeschi - 2008 - In L. Floridi (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Blackwell.
    The term cybernetics was first used in 1947 by Norbert Wiener with reference to the centrifugal governor that James Watt had fitted to his steam engine, and above all to Clerk Maxwell, who had subjected governors to a general mathematical treatment in 1868. Wiener used the word “governor” in the sense of the Latin corruption of the Greek term kubernetes, or “steersman.” Wiener defined cybernetics as the study of “control and communication in the animal and the machine” (Wiener 1948). This (...)
  33. Information and Its Philosophy.Ian Cornelius - unknown
    Three problems in relation to Luciano Floridi’s work on the Philosophy of Information (PI) and the relationship of PI to Library and Information Science (LIS) are considered: the claim that LIS is a materials-based discipline, Floridi’s claim about Information as a message transfer system, and his downgrading of Social Epistemology to be a subset of PI. The recent history of LIS and the practice of professional library work are examined for evidence of the basis for making claims about LIS. A (...)
  34. "The Human Use of Human Beings." By Norbert Wiener.C. A. Coulson - 1952 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 ([9/12]):91.
  35. Empirical Modeling and Information Semantics.Gordana Dodig Crnkovic - 2008 - Mind & Society.
  36. Floridi’s “Open Problems in Philosophy of Information”, Ten Years Later.Gordana Dodig Crnkovic & Wolfgang Hofkirchner - 2011 - Information 2 (2):327-359.
    In his article Open Problems in the Philosophy of Information [1] Luciano Floridi presented a Philosophy of Information research program in the form of eighteen open problems, covering the following fundamental areas: Information definition, information semantics, intelligence/cognition, informational universe/nature and values/ethics. We revisit Floridi’s program, highlighting some of the major advances, commenting on unsolved problems and rendering the new landscape of the Philosophy of Information (PI) emerging at present. As we analyze the progress of PI we try to situate Floridi’s (...)
  37. Review of "Information: A Very Short Introduction". [REVIEW]Simon D'Alfonso - 2010 - Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):238-243.
  38. The Philosophy of Information, by Luciano Floridi.H. Demir - 2011 - Mind 120 (480):1247-1250.
  39. The Fourth Revolution: Philosophical Foundations and Technological Implications. [REVIEW]Hilmi Demir - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):1-6.
    This article introduces this special issue of Knowledge, Technology and Policy. It also explains why Luciano Floridi’s Philosophy of Technology is chosen as the topic of the special issue.
  40. Computation, Information, Cognition: The Nexus and the Liminal.Gordana Dodig Crnkovic & Susan Stuart (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    Written by world-leading experts, this book draws together a number of important strands in contemporary approaches to the philosophical and scientific questions that emerge when dealing with the issues of computing, information, cognition and the conceptual issues that arise at their intersections. It discovers and develops the connections at the borders and in the interstices of disciplines and debates. This volume presents a range of essays that deal with the currently vigorous concerns of the philosophy of information, ontology creation and (...)
  41. Information and Computation Nets. Investigations Into Info-Computational World.Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic - 2009 - Vdm.
    The book presents investigations into the world of info-computational nature, in which information constitutes the structure, while computational process amounts to its change. Information and computation are inextricably bound: There is no computation without informational structure, and there is no information without computational process. Those two complementary ideas are used to build a conceptual net, which according to Novalis is a theoretical way of capturing reality. We apprehend the reality within a framework known as natural computationalism, the view that the (...)
  42. Floridi’s “Open Problems in Philosophy of Information”, Ten Years Later.Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Wolfgang Hofkirchner - 2011 - Information 2 (2):327-359.
    In his article Open Problems in the Philosophy of Information 1 Luciano Floridi presented a Philosophy of Information research program in the form of eighteen open problems, covering the following fundamental areas: Information definition, information semantics, intelligence/cognition, informational universe/nature and values/ethics. We revisit Floridis program, highlighting some of the major advances, commenting on unsolved problems and rendering the new landscape of the Philosophy of Information emerging at present. As we analyze the progress of PI we try to situate Floridis program (...)
  43. A Guide to the Floridi Keys.J. Michael Dunn - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):93-98.
  44. A Guide to the Floridi Keys: Luciano Floridi: The Philosophy of Information. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, Xx+ 405pp,£ 37.50 HB (Essay Review). [REVIEW]J. Michael Dunn - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):93-98.
  45. Normativity, Constructionism, and Constraining Affordances.Massimo Durante - 2011 - Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):180-200.
  46. The Value of Information as Ontological Pluralism.Massimo Durante - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):149-161.
    In my paper I will focus my attention on some philosophical aspects of the Information Ethics displayed by Luciano Floridi. Floridi’s Information Ethics has the methodological merit of providing the interpretation of the Informational Turn with a solid philosophical basis, the roots of which deserve a careful investigation. In this perspective, I will analyse a key question, which is essential not only from a theoretical but also from a practical (moral, political and legal) point of view, i.e. whether or not (...)
  47. An Introduction to Logical Entropy and its Relation to Shannon Entropy.David Ellerman - 2013 - International Journal of Semantic Computing 7 (2):121-145.
    The logical basis for information theory is the newly developed logic of partitions that is dual to the usual Boolean logic of subsets. The key concept is a "distinction" of a partition, an ordered pair of elements in distinct blocks of the partition. The logical concept of entropy based on partition logic is the normalized counting measure of the set of distinctions of a partition on a finite set--just as the usual logical notion of probability based on the Boolean logic (...)
  48. Floridi on Disinformation.Don Fallis - 2011 - Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):201-214.
  49. The Fourth Revolution. How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality.Luciano Floridi - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed (...)
  50. Pasos a seguir para la filosofía de la información.Luciano Floridi - 2013 - Revista Interamericana de Bibliotecología 35 (2):213-218.
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