About this topic
Summary The philosophy of linguistics deals with philosophical issues arising in connection with the discipline of linguistics. It covers a wide variety of topics, including: (a) ontological issues, such as the nature of languages and of related entities (e.g. sentences and words), as well the proper characterization of the subject matter of the discipline; (b) epistemological issues, such as the nature and scope of a speaker's knowledge of her language; (c) methodological issues concerning the goals of theorization and the nature of linguistic explanation, the appropriate roles of abstraction and idealization, the import of the competence/performance distinction, and the kinds of data that may justify linguistic hypotheses.
Key works

Chapter 1 of Chomsky 1965 contains a seminal discussion of methodological and epistemological issues, such as the competence-performance distinction, the connection between explanatory adequacy and language acquisition, the place of intuitions/judgments as a source of evidence and the nature and role of abstraction and idealization in theorization. 

Chomsky 1980  has Chomsky's replies to criticisms posed by philosophers (among others), including worries about innateness and about the "psychological reality" of the posits of linguistic theory.

  Chomsky 1986 is the locus classicus for the distinction between I-Language and E-Language, and it also presents a very influential (and controversial) characterization of linguistics as a "branch of cognitive psychology".

Katz 1980 is a sustained critique of the Chomskyan perspective, and offers an alternative, Platonic conception of linguistics as a non-empirical, formal discipline. Soames 1984  and Higginbotham 1983, respectively, seek to combine an empirical view of linguistic research with a Platonic ontology of its subject matter. 

  Katz 1985 is the first collection of papers to bear the title "Philosophy of Linguistics", and it features many of the early key works. George 1989 includes several influential papers dealing with the ontology and epistemology of linguistics—notably George 1989 and Peacocke 1989

 Devitt 2006 is an attack on several aspects of the Chomskyan conception, such as the "psychological" view of linguistics and what Devitt calls the "Cartesian view" of linguistic intuitions.

Ludlow 2011  is one of the most recent monograph-length treatments of the topics mentioned above, and also contains discussions of issues such as normativity and rule-following, simplicity and formalization, and the externalist-internalist debate in semantics and in syntax. 

Introductions Pelletier 2000, Ludlow 1998
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  1. Ferrer Costa, Joan, Feliu, Francesc y Fullana, Olga (Eds.), The Biblical Book of Daniel: The Catalan Translation by the French Hebraist Maties Delcor. IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature: Studies, Editions and Translations, 19.Javier Del Barco del Barco - 2021 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 24:156-158.
    En este artículo se trata sobre la controvertida cuestión del origen de la amidá, principal oración del servicio religioso judío, en el contexto de creación de la liturgia rabínica tras la destrucción del Templo de Jerusalén en el año 70 d. C. Para ello se analiza primero su estructura formal y literaria, ofreciendo a continuación un análisis crítico sobre su origen que se hace eco del debate académico acerca de la cuestión. En apéndice se ofrece una traducción anotada de esta (...)
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  2. Book Review: The Routledge Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics. [REVIEW]Yang Yao & Qiujun Su - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  3. Is Linguistics a Branch of Psychology?Stephen Laurence - 2003 - In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of Language. Clarendon Press.
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  4. What Are Abstract Concepts? On Lexical Ambiguity and Concreteness Ratings.Guido Löhr - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-18.
    In psycholinguistics, concepts are considered abstract if they do not apply to physical objects that we can touch, see, feel, hear, smell or taste. Psychologists usually distinguish concrete from abstract concepts by means of so-called concreteness ratings. In concreteness rating studies, laypeople are asked to rate the concreteness of words based on the above criterion. The wide use of concreteness ratings motivates an assessment of them. I point out two problems: First, most current concreteness ratings test the intuited concreteness of (...)
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  5. The Temperature Paradox and Meaning Postulates.Casper Storm Hansen - 2016 - Linguistic Inquiry 47:695-705.
    Lasersohn has argued that the use of Russell's analysis of the definite determiner in Montague Grammar, which is responsible for giving the correct prediction in the case of the Temperature Paradox, is also responsible for giving the wrong prediction in the case of the Gupta Syllogism. In this paper I argue against Lasersohn, and show that the problem of the Gupta Syllogism can be solved by making a minor addition to Intensional Montague Grammar. This solution is one that Lasersohn discusses (...)
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  6. Slurs, Neutral Counterparts, and What You Could Have Said.Arianna Falbo - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy 1.
    Recent pragmatic accounts of slurs argue that the offensiveness of slurs is generated by a speaker's free choice to use a slur opposed to a more appropriate and semantically equivalent neutral counterpart. I argue that the theoretical role of neutral counterparts on such views is overstated. I consider two recent pragmatic analyses, Bolinger (2017) and Nunberg (2018), which rely heavily upon the optionality of slurs, namely, that a speaker exercises a deliberate lexical choice to use a slur when they could (...)
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  7. Against Epistemic Absolutism.Changsheng Lai - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    Epistemic absolutism is an orthodox view that propositional knowledge is an ungradable concept. Absolutism is primarily grounded in our ungradable uses of “knows” in ordinary language. This paper advances a thorough objection to the linguistic argument for absolutism. My objection consists of two parts. Firstly, arguments for absolutism provided by Jason Stanley and Julien Dutant will be refuted respectively. After that, two more general refutation-strategies will be proposed: counterevidence against absolutism can be found in both English and non-English languages; the (...)
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  8. Schnittstellen: Linguistik. Die Frage nach der Struktur der Sprache.Louise Röska-Hardy - 2015 - In Nikola Kompa (ed.), Handbuch Sprachphilosophie. Stuttgart, Germany: pp. 383-393.
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  9. Wundt and Bühler on Gestural Expression: From Psycho-Physical Mirroring to the Diacrisis.Basil Vassilicos - 2020 - In Arnaud Dewalque, Sébastien Richard & Charlotte Gauvry (eds.), Philosophy of Language in the Brentano School. Cham, Switzerland: pp. 279-297.
    This paper explores how Wundt’s and Bühler’s respective conceptions of gestural expression have implications for how each conceives of what, in broad terms, may be understood as a ‘grammar of gestures’: that is, the rules for the formation and performance of gestures with and without speech. Unlike previous scholarship that has looked at the relationship of Wundt and Bühler, the aim here will be to give particular attention to the relevance of their respective accounts for current philosophical and linguistic research (...)
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  10. De nieuwe taalwetenschappen.Nathalie Gontier & Katrien Mondt - 2006 - In Nathalie Gontier & Katrien Mondt (eds.), Dynamisch Inter(-en trans)disciplinair Taal Onderzoek: De nieuwe taalwetenschappen. pp. 3-20.
  11. Evolutie van taal.Nathalie Gontier - 2006 - In I. Tallon (ed.), Evolutie vandaag: hoe de dingen ontstaan en waarom ze veranderen. pp. 239-263.
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  12. An Epistemological Inquiry Into the ‘What is Language’ Question and the ‘What Did Language Evolve for’ Question.Nathalie Gontier - 2006 - In A. Cangelosi (ed.), The evolution of language: proceedings of the 6th international conference (EVOLANG 6). pp. 107-114.
  13. On the Different Applications of Haeckel’s Biogenetic Law In Language Origin and Evolution Studies.Nathalie Gontier - 2008 - In S. Kern (ed.), Emergence of Language abilities. pp. 12-29.
  14. The Origin of the Social Approach in Language and Cognitive Research Exemplified by Studies Into the Origin of Language.Nathalie Gontier - 2009 - In H. Pishwa (ed.), Language and Social Cognition: Expressions of the social mind. pp. 25-46.
  15. On Constructing a Research Model for Historical Cognitive Linguistics (HCL): Some Theoretical Considerations.Nathalie Gontier - 2010 - In M. E. Winters (ed.), Historical Cognitive Linguistics. pp. 31-69.
  16. How to Identify the Units, Levels and Mechanisms of Language Evolution.Nathalie Gontier - 2010 - In A. D. M. Smith (ed.), The evolution of language: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (EVOLANG 8). pp. 176-183.
  17. What Are the Levels and Mechanisms/Processes of Language Evolution?Nathalie Gontier - 2017 - Language Sciences 1 (63):12-43.
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  18. Pattern Similarity in Biological, Linguistic, and Sociocultural Evolution.Nathalie Gontier - 2018 - In In Cuskley, C., Flaherty, M., Little, H., McCrohon, L., Ravignani, A. & Verhoef, T. (Eds.): The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference (EVOLANGXII).
  19. Review of Sharifian & Palmer (2007): Applied Cultural Linguistics: Implications for Second Language Learning and Intercultural Communication. [REVIEW]Jyh Wee Sew - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):197-202.
  20. Review of Sharifian & Palmer (2007): Applied Cultural Linguistics: Implications for Second Language Learning and Intercultural Communication. [REVIEW]Jyh Wee Sew - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):197-202.
  21. Semantic Prime HAPPEN in Mandarin Chinese.Adrian Tien - 2009 - Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (2):356-382.
    HAPPEN is a member of the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) inventory of primes (cf. Goddard and Wierzbicka (eds) 1994, 2002). Its English exponent ‘happen’ has been popularly expounded as fa1sheng1 in Mandarin Chinese (e.g. Chappell 2002). This article argues that fa1sheng1 is not the correct exponent of HAPPEN as it is marked for ‘adversity’ as well as what I call ‘serious mention’ or ‘noteworthiness’ of the event, i.e., that an event is sufficiently serious or noteworthy to fare a mention. This (...)
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  22. Review of Kess & Miyamoto (1994): Japanese Psycholinguistics: A Classified and Annotated Research Bibliography. [REVIEW]Paul Osamu Takahara - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (2):400-404.
  23. Review of Geirsson & Losonsky (1996): Readings in Language and Mind. [REVIEW]Yaron M. Senderowicz - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):395-397.
  24. Review of Geirsson & Losonsky (1996): Readings in Language and Mind. [REVIEW]Yaron M. Senderowicz - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):395-397.
  25. Review of Roberts (1993): How Reference Works: Explanatory Models for Indexicals, Descriptions and Opacity. [REVIEW]Michael J. Wreen - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognition 6 (1-2):349-357.
  26. Review of Roberts (1993): How Reference Works: Explanatory Models for Indexicals, Descriptions and Opacity. [REVIEW]Michael J. Wreen - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognition 6 (1-2):349-357.
  27. Review of Enfield (2009): The Anatomy of Meaning: Speech, Gesture, and Composite Utterances. [REVIEW]Jürgen Streeck - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):457-464.
  28. Review of Enfield (2009): The Anatomy of Meaning: Speech, Gesture, and Composite Utterances. [REVIEW]Jürgen Streeck - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):457-464.
  29. Review of Gumperz & Levinson (1996): Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. [REVIEW]Izchak M. Schlesinger - 2000 - Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (2):435-443.
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  30. Review of Sakita (2002): Reporting Discourse, Tense, and Cognition. [REVIEW]Kuniyoshi Kataoka - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (1):204-213.
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  31. Review of Kecskes (2003): Situation-Bound Utterances in L1 and L2. [REVIEW]François Cooren - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (1):177-181.
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  32. Review of Frazier (1999): On Sentence Interpretation. [REVIEW]Ken Turner - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (1):189-195.
  33. Review of Verhagen (2005): Constructions of Intersubjectivity. Discourse, Syntax, and Cognition. [REVIEW]Gerd Fritz - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (3):589-597.
  34. Intuitions About the Reference of Proper Names: a Meta-Analysis.Noah van Dongen, Matteo Colombo, Felipe Romero & Jan Sprenger - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-30.
    The finding that intuitions about the reference of proper names vary cross-culturally was one of the early milestones in experimental philosophy. Many follow-up studies investigated the scope and magnitude of such cross-cultural effects, but our paper provides the first systematic meta-analysis of studies replicating. In the light of our results, we assess the existence and significance of cross-cultural effects for intuitions about the reference of proper names.
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  35. Uncanny Resemblance: Words, Pictures, and Conceptual Representations in the Field of Metaphor.Marianna Bolognesi - 2020 - Cognitive Linguistic Studies 7 (1):31-57.
    What is the relation between the three following elements: words, pictures, and conceptual representations? And how do these three elements work, in defining and explaining metaphors? These are the questions that we tackle in our interdisciplinary contribution, which moves across cognitive linguistics, cognitive sciences, philosophy and semiotics. Within the cognitive linguistic tradition, scholars have assumed that there are equivalent and comparable structures characterizing the way in which metaphor works in language and in pictures. In this paper we analyze contextual visual (...)
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  36. Uncanny Resemblance: Words, Pictures, and Conceptual Representations in the Field of Metaphor.Alessandro Cavazzana & Marianna Bolognesi - 2020 - Cognitive Linguistic Studies 7 (1):31-57.
    What is the relation between the three following elements: words, pictures, and conceptual representations? And how do these three elements work, in defining and explaining metaphors? These are the questions that we tackle in our interdisciplinary contribution, which moves across cognitive linguistics, cognitive sciences, philosophy and semiotics. Within the cognitive linguistic tradition, scholars have assumed that there are equivalent and comparable structures characterizing the way in which metaphor works in language and in pictures. In this paper we analyze contextual visual (...)
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  37. “Propositions in Theatre: Theatrical Utterances as Events”.Michael Y. Bennett - 2018 - Journal of Literary Semantics 47 (2):147-152.
    Using William Shakespeare’s Hamlet and the play-within-the play, The Murder of Gonzago, as a case study, this essay argues that theatrical utterances constitute a special case of language usage not previously elucidated: the utterance of a statement with propositional content in theatre functions as an event. In short, the propositional content of a particular p (e.g. p1, p2, p3 …), whether or not it is true, is only understood—and understood to be true—if p1 is uttered in a particular time, place, (...)
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  38. Axiomatization of the Language Sciences.Karl Bühler - 1982 - In Karl Bühler Semiotic Foundations of Language Theory. New York: Springer. pp. 91-164.
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  39. Kindhood and Essentialism: Evidence From Language.Katherine Ritchie & Joshua Knobe - 2020 - In Marjorie Rhodes (ed.), Advances in Child Development and Behavior.
    A large body of existing research suggests that people think very differently about categories that are seen as kinds (e.g., women) and categories that are not seen as kinds (e.g., people hanging out in the park right now). Drawing on work in linguistics, we suggest that people represent these two sorts of categories using fundamentally different representational formats. Categories that are not seen as kinds are simply represented as collections of individuals. By contrast, when it comes to kinds, people have (...)
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  40. Language and Scientific Explanation: Where Does Semantics Fit In?Eran Asoulin - 2020 - Berlin, Germany: Language Science Press.
    This book discusses the two main construals of the explanatory goals of semantic theories. The first, externalist conception, understands semantic theories in terms of a hermeneutic and interpretive explanatory project. The second, internalist conception, understands semantic theories in terms of the psychological mechanisms in virtue of which meanings are generated. It is argued that a fruitful scientific explanation is one that aims to uncover the underlying mechanisms in virtue of which the observable phenomena are made possible, and that a scientific (...)
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  41. Of Danger and Difficulty: Rowan Williams and ‘The Tragic Imagination’.Khegan Delport - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (3):505-520.
  42. Schwerpunkt “Morphologie” [Special section “Morphology”].Ralf Müller - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 1 (13):5-86.
    Ernst Cassirer’s (1874–1945) lecture ≫Structuralism in Modern Linguistics≪, given in 1945, not only represents a kind of late return to his intellectual origins in thetradition of Leibniz, Kant and Humboldt. It also provides a diagnosis of the importance of linguistics in his time. This diagnosis should prove far-sighted from the vantage point of both the history and philosophy of science. The thesis presented in this article is that for Cassirer, modern linguistics represents a scientific paradigm that encompasses various fields in (...)
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  43. Envisioning Intention-Oriented Brain-to-Speech Decoding.L. Li, J. Vasil & S. Negoita - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (1-2):71-93.
    The typical approach to decoding speech from the brain (using brain-machine interfaces) is to decode low-level linguistic units (e.g. phonemes, syllables) from motor articulation areas (e.g. Premotor cortex) with the aim of assembling these low-level units into higher-level discourse. We propose that brain-to-speech decoding may benefit from adopting a functional view of language, which conceives of language as an instrumental tool for interacting with others' intentions in order to fulfil one's own intentions. This functional view of language motivates adopting usability (...)
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  44. Towards a Formal Symbolic Occurrence Logic.Farshad Badie - 2018 - In Hans Götzsche (ed.), The Meaning of Language. Newcastle-under-Lyme, UK: Cambridge Scholars.
    In this research I will focus on a basis for a formal model based on an alternative kind of logic invented by Hans Götzsche: Occurrence Logic (Occ Log), which is not based on truth values and truth functionality. Also, I have taken into account tense logic developed and elaborated by A. N. Prior. In this article I will provide a conceptual and logical foundation for formal Occurrence Logic based on symbolic logic and will illustrate the most important relations between symbolic (...)
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  45. The Cognitive Sciences: A Comment on 6 Reviews of the MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences.Robert A. Wilson - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence 2 (130):223-229.
    As the pluralization in the title of MITECS suggests, and as many reviewers have noted, the stance that we adopted as general editors for this project was ecumenical. We were particularly concerned to generate a volume whose range of topics and perspectives indicated that “cognitive science” was different things to different groups of researchers, and that many even fundamental questions remain open after at least four decades of various interdisciplinary ventures. Implicit in this view is a wariness of any putative (...)
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  46. Transcendence in Postmetaphysical Thinking. Habermas' God.Maeve Cooke - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (4):21-44.
    Habermas emphasizes the importance for critical thinking of ideas of truth and moral validity that are at once context-transcending and immanent to human practices. in a recent review, Peter Dews queries his distinction between metaphysically construed transcendence and transcendence from within, asking provocatively in what sense Habermas does not believe in God. I answer that his conception of “God” is resolutely postmetaphysical, a god that is constructed by way of human linguistic practices. I then give three reasons for why it (...)
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  47. Natural Language Ontology (Routledge Handbook of Metametaphysics).Friederike Moltmann - forthcoming - In Ricki Bliss & James Miller (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metametaphysics. Routledge.
    This paper gives an outline of natural language ontology as a subdiscipline of both linguistics and philosophy. It argues that part of the constructional ontology reflected in natural language is in significant respects on a par with syntax (on the generative view).
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  48. “Serving God, Fatherland, and Language”: Alcover, Catalan, and Science.Agustín Ceba Herrero & Joan March Noguera - 2019 - Zygon 54 (4):1087-1106.
    This article intends to contribute to the science–religion historiography with two topics—philology and the construction of national identities—that can help provide a more complex picture of the relations between science and religion. We use the life and work of the Mallorcan Catholic priest Antoni Maria Alcover (1862–1932) as a case study that puts language, linguistics, and nationalism on the board of science and religion studies. Alcover was the main driving force of the Catalan Dictionary, a collective enterprise that set out (...)
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  49. The Evolution of (Proto-)Language: Focus on Mechanisms.Przemyslaw Zywickzinski, Nathalie Gontier & Slawomir Wacewicz - 2017 - Language Science 63 (63):1-11.
    This article introduces a special issue on mechanisms in language evolution research. It describes processes relevant for the emergence of protolanguage and the transition thereof to modern language. Protolanguage is one of the key terms in the field of language evolution, used to designate a hypothesised intermediate stage in the emergence of language present in extinct hominins: qualitatively different from non-human primate communication in possessing some, but not all, of the features that characterise modern language. Much debate in language evolution (...)
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  50. До питання про мовну толерантність (результати опитування, проведеного у Вінницькій області).Taras Tkachuk - 2017 - Language: Classic – Modern – Postmodern 3:68-76.
    Стаття продовжує цикл опитувань, метою яких було з’ясування факторів впливу на вибір мови в білінгвальному середовищі. В аналізованому опитуванні, проведеному у Вінниці та Вінницькій області, охоплено 560 старшокласників віком 14–17 років. Результати анкетування дали змогу зробити висновки про психологічні чинники, що впливають на респондента, який перебуває в двомовному середовищі.
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