About this topic
Summary The philosophy of linguistics deals with philosophical issues arising in connection with the discipline of linguistics. It covers a wide variety of topics, including: (a) ontological issues, such as the nature of languages and of related entities (e.g. sentences and words), as well the proper characterization of the subject matter of the discipline; (b) epistemological issues, such as the nature and scope of a speaker's knowledge of her language; (c) methodological issues concerning the goals of theorization and the nature of linguistic explanation, the appropriate roles of abstraction and idealization, the import of the competence/performance distinction, and the kinds of data that may justify linguistic hypotheses.
Key works

Chapter 1 of Chomsky 1965 contains a seminal discussion of methodological and epistemological issues, such as the competence-performance distinction, the connection between explanatory adequacy and language acquisition, the place of intuitions/judgments as a source of evidence and the nature and role of abstraction and idealization in theorization. 

Chomsky 1980  has Chomsky's replies to criticisms posed by philosophers (among others), including worries about innateness and about the "psychological reality" of the posits of linguistic theory.

  Chomsky 1986 is the locus classicus for the distinction between I-Language and E-Language, and it also presents a very influential (and controversial) characterization of linguistics as a "branch of cognitive psychology".

Katz 1980 is a sustained critique of the Chomskyan perspective, and offers an alternative, Platonic conception of linguistics as a non-empirical, formal discipline. Soames 1984  and Higginbotham 1983, respectively, seek to combine an empirical view of linguistic research with a Platonic ontology of its subject matter. 

  Katz 1985 is the first collection of papers to bear the title "Philosophy of Linguistics", and it features many of the early key works. George 1989 includes several influential papers dealing with the ontology and epistemology of linguistics—notably George 1989 and Peacocke 1989

 Devitt 2006 is an attack on several aspects of the Chomskyan conception, such as the "psychological" view of linguistics and what Devitt calls the "Cartesian view" of linguistic intuitions.

Ludlow 2011  is one of the most recent monograph-length treatments of the topics mentioned above, and also contains discussions of issues such as normativity and rule-following, simplicity and formalization, and the externalist-internalist debate in semantics and in syntax. 

Introductions Scholz et al 2000, Ludlow 1998
Related categories

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Material to categorize
  1. The Influence of Linguistics on Early Culture and Personality Theory.David F. Aberle - 1960 - In Gertrude Evelyn Dole (ed.), Essays in the Science of Culture. New York: Crowell.
  2. Sources of Contextual Constraint Upon Words in Sentences.Murray Aborn, Herbert Rubenstein & Theodor D. Sterling - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (3):171.
  3. Attention-Based Maintenance of Speech Forms in Memory: The Case of Verbal Transformations.Christian Abry, Marc Sato, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Hélène Loevenbruck & Marie-Agnès Cathiard - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):728-729.
    One of the fundamental questions raised by Ruchkin, Grafman, Cameron, and Berndt's (Ruchkin et al.'s) interpretation of no distinct specialized neural networks for short-term storage buffers and long-term memory systems, is that of the link between perception and memory processes. In this framework, we take the opportunity in this commentary to discuss a specific working memory task involving percept formation, temporary retention, auditory imagery, and the attention-based maintenance of information, that is, the verbal transformation effect.
  4. In Adversative Clauses, Pa is Used for-Expressing Opposition to What has Been Said Previously4 (1) Obljubil Je Bil, Pa Ni Drfal Besede. He Promised, Pa Did Not Keep His Word.(2) Nihce Ni Mislil Nanjo, Pa Je Stopila V hiSo. [REVIEW]I. Ad - forthcoming - Filozofski Vestnik.
  5. Introduction, Context and Background.Lisa Adkins - 2004 - In Lisa Adkins & Beverley Skeggs (eds.), Feminism After Bourdieu. Blackwell. pp. 37--56.
  6. Arabic Negation Marker (Laysa) with Bare Argument Ellipsis and its Association with Information Structure.Nasser Al-Horais - 2000 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 2001:2006-2008.
  7. Cognitive Approaches for Explaining the Phenomena of Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Use in Communication.E. Alcon - 1997 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 30 (1-2):7-28.
  8. The Grammatical Metaphor: A Survey of Its Use in the Middle Ages.John Alford - 1982 - Speculum 57 (4):728-760.
    The history of the grammatical metaphor in the West begins in ancient Greece, with the naming of the rules that govern human speech, and continues up to the present day. The Stoic philosophers produced fantastic psychological and metaphysical justifications of their word “case” and its subdivisions “upright” and “oblique.” Lucillius wrote an epigram in which grammatical terms are given a sexual interpretation. Medieval poets, noting the literal meanings of such terms as casus and declinatio — both signifying “fall” — drew (...)
  9. Natural Language Understanding.James Allen - 1987
  10. Of Thoughts and Words the Relation Between Language and Mind : Stockholm, Sweden, 8-12 August, 1994.Sture Allén - 1995
  11. Austronesian Migration and the Establishment of the Malagasy Civilization: Contrasted Readings in Linguistics, Archaeology, Genetics and Cultural Anthropology.C. Allibert - 2008 - Diogenes 55 (2):7 - 16.
    This article reviews and contrasts research findings in a variety of disciplines seeking corroboration for theories of settlement in Madagascar. Evidence is considered from the fields of linguistics, archaeology (studies of pottery), cultural anthropology and genetic analysis, leading to conclusions broadly supporting the thesis of Austronesian migrations directly to Madagascar from Kalimantan and Sulawesi around the 5th and 7th centuries CE, which combined with a Bantu group originating from the region of Mozambique. The article nevertheless warns against attributing too much (...)
  12. Function Knowledge: Comment on Reed and Evans.Norman H. Anderson - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 116 (3):297-299.
  13. Is All Knowledge Prepositional?Miroslava Anđelković - 2005 - Theoria 48 (1-2):7-19.
  14. The Roots of Linguistic Organization in a New Language.Mark Aronoff, Irit Meir, Carol A. Padden & Wendy Sandler - 2008 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 9 (1):133-153.
  15. Language is Shaped by the Body.Mark Aronoff, Irit Meir, Carol Padden & Wendy Sandler - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):509-511.
    Sign languages provide direct evidence for the relation between human languages and the body that engenders them. We discuss the use of the hands to create symbols and the role of the body in sign language verb systems, especially in two quite recently developed sign languages, Israeli Sign Language and Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Language.
  16. The Roots of Linguistic Organization in a New Language.Mark Aronoff, Irit Meir, Carol Padden & Wendy Sandler - 2008 - Interaction Studies 9 (1):133.
  17. What's New About Social Construction? Distinct Roles Needed for Language and Communication.Janet Wilde Astington - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):96-97.
    Carpendale & Lewis's (C&L's) theory falls in with an existing set of theories that children's understanding of mind is collaboratively constructed in linguistically mediated social interaction. This social constructivist view needs to be clear about the complementary contributions of the child and of the social environment. I distinguish between the child's individual linguistic ability and the dyad's social communication, proposing that each makes a contribution to theory-of-mind development, differently balanced in different individuals.
  18. Minimalist Visions.Martin Atkinson - 2005 - In Anjum P. Saleemi, Ocke-Schwen Bohn & Albert Gjedde (eds.), In Search of a Language for the Mind-Brain: Can the Multiple Perspectives Be Unified? Aarhus University Press ;.
  19. Communication Across Viewpoints.Giuseppe Attardi & Maria Simi - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (1):53-75.
    A case situation arising in a normal interaction among people is the baseline for discussing properties of the theory of viewpoints. In particular we consider how to ensure agreement on the meaning of certain utterances by agents who have different perspectives on the situation, while maintaning other knowledge as private. We argue that communication should be modeled as adding facts to the common knowledge of agents. We introduce the principle of ''referent sharing'' in communications and argue that common knowledge resulting (...)
  20. Semantic Perception: How the Illusion of a Common Language Arises and Persists.Jody Azzouni - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Jody Azzouni argues that we involuntarily experience certain physical items, certain products of human actions, and certain human actions themselves as having meaning-properties. We understand these items as possessing meaning or as having truth values. For example, a sign on a door reading "Drinks Inside" strikes native English speakers as referring to liquids in the room behind the door. The sign has a truth value--if no drinks are found in the room, the sign is misleading. Someone pointing in a direction (...)
  21. Getting Down to Cases.Kent Bach - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):334.
  22. Comparative Dialectology.Myron Charles Baker & Michael A. Cunningham - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):119-133.
  23. The Universal Scale and the Semantics of Comparison.Alan Clinton Bale - unknown
    Comparative constructions allow individuals to be compared according to different properties. Such comparisons form two classes, those that permit direct, comparisons and those that only allow indirect comparisons. Traditionally, these two types of comparisons have been associated with an ambiguity in the interpretations of the comparative and equative morphemes. In this thesis, I propose that there is no such ambiguity. The interpretations of the comparative and equative morphemes remain the same whether they appear in sentences that compare individuals directly or (...)
  24. Logical Grammar.T. Ballmer - 1978 - North Holland.
  25. Using a Voice to Put a Name to a Face: The Psycholinguistics of Proper Name Comprehension.Dale J. Barr, Laura Jackson & Isobel Phillips - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):404-413.
  26. On 'The Grammar of Case'.Laurie Bauer - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1:119.
  27. The Collective Invention of Language to Access the Universe of Possible Ideas.Roy F. Baumeister & Kathleen D. Vohs - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):675-676.
    Thought uses meaning but not necessarily language. Meaning, in the form of a set of possible concepts and ideas, is a nonphysical reality that lay waiting for brains to become smart enough to represent these ideas. Thus, the brain evolved, whereas meaning was discovered, and language was invented – collectively – as a tool to help the brain use meaning.
  28. Book Review:Language, Thought & Culture Paul Henle. [REVIEW]Hugo A. Bedau - 1961 - Philosophy of Science 28 (3):328-.
  29. Generality, Mathematical Elegance, and Evolution of Numerical/Object Identity.Felice L. Bedford - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):654-655.
    Object identity, the apprehension that two glimpses refer to the same object, is offered as an example of combining generality, mathematics, and evolution. We argue that it applies to glimpses in time (apparent motion), modality (ventriloquism), and space (Gestalt grouping); that it has a mathematically elegant solution of nested geometries (Euclidean, Similarity, Affine, Projective, Topology); and that it is evolutionarily sound despite our Euclidean world. [Shepard].
  30. The Eye and the Me: Self‐Portraits of Eminent Photographers.Halla Beloff - 1988 - Philosophical Psychology 1 (3):295-311.
    Abstract The Me as a socially constructed self presenting itself, is the subject of new conceptual interest. Discourse analysis is the preferred tool for analysis of the linguistic repertoires that we use to order the experience of our selves. But we also present ourselves visually, with some care. An attempt is made to apply a kind of discourse analysis to self?portraits by eminent photographers. Within the process of portraiture and the rules of the pose, professionals should be able to present (...)
  31. Gold.Christopher Belshaw - 1998 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 13 (3):415-426.
    Kripke’s opponents claim that gold, in all possible worlds, is a yellow metal. They believe that the atomic number can vary from world to world. Kripke inverts this, holding that while gold is, in all possible worlds, the element with atomic number 79, its surface properties may vary widely from world to world. Both views are flawed, but of the two, the rival is to be preferred. There is a better view. Gold is, in all possible worlds, the element with (...)
  32. Sanskrit Essentials of Grammar and Language.Ernest Bender & Kurt F. Leidecker - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (3):352.
  33. Linguistic Peculiarities of JñāneśvarīLinguistic Peculiarities of Jnanesvari.Ernest Bender & Murlidhar Gajanan Panse - 1954 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 74 (4):273.
  34. On the Ontology of Linguistic Frameworks.Majid Davoody Beni - 2015 - Philodophia Scientiae 19 (1).
  35. The Meaning of Meaning.A. Cornelius Benjamin - 1937 - Philosophy of Science 4 (2):282.
    The term qittīer designates the act of burning the food offerings, the 'iššîm, within the ritual sequence of all three types of sacrifice, the zébach, the ōlāh, and the minchāh. Incense is not an 'iššeh substance and is never associated with this piel conjugation. Qittēr appears to have been limited to intransitive use, while the synonyms hiqtîr and heelāh were used predominantly in transitive constructions. By the exilic or post-exilic period, hiqtîr seems to have become the preferred form for intransitive (...)
  36. The Figural and the Literal Problems of Language in the History of Science and Philosophy, 1630-1800.Andrew E. Benjamin, J. R. R. Christie & G. N. Cantor - 1987
  37. Performatives as a Rhetorical Construct.James Benjamin - 1976 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 9 (2):84 - 95.
  38. Lexical Biases Are Useful.José R. Benkí - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):326-327.
    I present two criticisms: (1) Merge is a model of performance in speech perception experiments but not an ecologically valid model integrating both word recognition and speech perception, and (2) Merge's implementation of the variability of lexical effects must be made more precise or the model is indistinguishable from its alternatives.
  39. Space, Kinship, and Mind.Giovanni Bennardo - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (5):382-383.
    In this commentary, I focus on Jones' suggestion of a close connection between the domain of space and that of kinship. I expand on that suggestion by introducing the concept of frame of reference and show how it can possibly participate to the generation of kinship systems.
  40. There is More to Location Than Prepositions.David C. Bennett - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):239.
  41. Thoughts About Thoughts.Jonathan Bennett - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):246.
  42. Meaning and Implication.Jonathan Bennett - 1954 - Mind 63 (252):451-463.
  43. Handbook of Logic and Language. Benthem & Meulen (eds.) - 1997 - MIT Press.
  44. Story Grammar as Knowledge.Carl Bereiter - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):593.
  45. Dense Codense Predicates and the NTP2.Alexander Berenstein & Hyeung-Joon Kim - 2016 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 62 (1-2):16-24.
  46. Robert C. Berwick, The Acquisition of Syntactic Knowledge Reviewed By.Merrie Bergman - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7 (8):307-309.
  47. Conditions for an Extensional Elementaristic Language.Gustav Bergmann - 1947 - Analysis 8 (3):44 - 47.
  48. Two Paradoxes of Pointing.Michail Berkinblit, Olga Fookson, Sergey Adamovich & Howard Poizner - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):324-325.
  49. Possible Worlds: A Neo-Fregean Alternative.Sandy Berkovski - 2011 - Axiomathes 21 (4):531-551.
    I outline a neo-Fregean strategy in the debate on the existence of possible worlds. The criterion of identity and the criterion of application are formulated. Special attention is paid to the fact that speakers do not possess proper names for worlds. A broadly Quinean solution is proposed in response to this difficulty.
  50. Proceedings of the North East Linguistic Society.J. Berman (ed.) - 1995 - GLSA.
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