About this topic
Summary The philosophy of linguistics deals with philosophical issues arising in connection with the discipline of linguistics. It covers a wide variety of topics, including: (a) ontological issues, such as the nature of languages and of related entities (e.g. sentences and words), as well the proper characterization of the subject matter of the discipline; (b) epistemological issues, such as the nature and scope of a speaker's knowledge of her language; (c) methodological issues concerning the goals of theorization and the nature of linguistic explanation, the appropriate roles of abstraction and idealization, the import of the competence/performance distinction, and the kinds of data that may justify linguistic hypotheses.
Key works

Chapter 1 of Chomsky 1965 contains a seminal discussion of methodological and epistemological issues, such as the competence-performance distinction, the connection between explanatory adequacy and language acquisition, the place of intuitions/judgments as a source of evidence and the nature and role of abstraction and idealization in theorization. 

Chomsky 1980  has Chomsky's replies to criticisms posed by philosophers (among others), including worries about innateness and about the "psychological reality" of the posits of linguistic theory.

  Chomsky 1986 is the locus classicus for the distinction between I-Language and E-Language, and it also presents a very influential (and controversial) characterization of linguistics as a "branch of cognitive psychology".

Katz 1980 is a sustained critique of the Chomskyan perspective, and offers an alternative, Platonic conception of linguistics as a non-empirical, formal discipline. Soames 1984  and Higginbotham 1983, respectively, seek to combine an empirical view of linguistic research with a Platonic ontology of its subject matter. 

  Katz 1985 is the first collection of papers to bear the title "Philosophy of Linguistics", and it features many of the early key works. George 1989 includes several influential papers dealing with the ontology and epistemology of linguistics—notably George 1989 and Peacocke 1989

 Devitt 2006 is an attack on several aspects of the Chomskyan conception, such as the "psychological" view of linguistics and what Devitt calls the "Cartesian view" of linguistic intuitions.

Ludlow 2011  is one of the most recent monograph-length treatments of the topics mentioned above, and also contains discussions of issues such as normativity and rule-following, simplicity and formalization, and the externalist-internalist debate in semantics and in syntax. 

Introductions Scholz et al 2000, Ludlow 1998
Related categories

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Material to categorize
  1. Applicative Constructions.David A. Peterson - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book presents the first systematic typological analysis of applicatives across African, American Indian, and East Asian languages. It is also the first to address their functions in discourse, the derivation of their semantic and syntactic properties, and how and why they have changed over time.Applicative constructions are typically described as transitivizing because they allow an intransitive base verb to have a direct object. The term originates from the seventeenth-century missionary grammars of Uto-Aztecan languages. Constructions designated as prepositional, benefactive, and (...)
  2. The Logic of Plurality. [REVIEW]B. W. A. - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (3):549-549.
  3. Symbolic Logic. [REVIEW]E. J. A. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):808-808.
  4. The Elements of Logic. [REVIEW]E. J. A. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (4):772-772.
  5. Discourse on Thinking. [REVIEW]W. W. A. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (3):543-543.
  6. Syntactic Gradience: The Nature of Grammatical Indeterminacy.Bas Aarts - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be defined and differentiated. Professor Aarts addresses the tension between linguistic concepts and the continuous phenomena they describe by testing and categorizing grammatical vagueness and indeterminacy. He considers to what extent gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of linked (...)
  7. The Role of Timing and Prototypical Causality on How Preschoolers Fast-Map Novel Verb Meanings.Kirsten Abbot-Smith, Mutsumi Imai, S. Durrant & Erika Nurmsoo - unknown
    In controlled contexts, young children find it more difficult to learn novel words for actions than words for objects: Imai et al. found that English-speaking three-year-olds mistakenly choose a novel object as a referent for a novel verb about 42% of the time despite hearing the verb in a transitive sentence. The current two studies investigated whether English three- and five-year-old children would find resultative actions easier than the non-resultative, durative event types used in Imai et al.’s studies. The reverse (...)
  8. A Contrastive Transformational Grammar: Arabic and English.Peter Abboud & Muhammad Ali Al-Khuli - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1):217.
  9. On Stress and Arabic Phonology, a Generative Approach.Daud A. Abdo - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7 (4):556-591.
  10. The Influence of Linguistics on Early Culture and Personality Theory.David F. Aberle - 1960 - In Gertrude Evelyn Dole (ed.), Essays in the Science of Culture. New York: Crowell.
  11. Locality.Enoch Oladé Aboh, Maria Teresa Guasti & Ian Roberts (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Locality is a key concept not only in linguistic theorizing, but in explaining pattern of acquisition and patterns of recovery in garden path sentences, as well. If syntax relates sound and meaning over an infinite domain, syntactic dependencies and operations must be restricted in such a way to apply over limited, finite domains in order to be detectable at all. The theory of what these finite domains are and how they relate to the fundamentally unbounded nature of syntax is the (...)
  12. Sources of Contextual Constraint Upon Words in Sentences.Murray Aborn, Herbert Rubenstein & Theodor D. Sterling - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (3):171.
  13. The Verb "To Cause".Gerald Abrahams - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (90):248 - 252.
    If I utter the sentence: Hitler caused the outbreak of the second world war, some interested logician may translate my sentence into the words: Hitler necessitated the outbreak of the second world war, If that translation be made I do not accept it, unless the dragoman makes it clear to me that by the word “necessitate” he means nothing more than I mean by the word “cause.” In which case I can dispense with his services. But if he is embodying (...)
  14. Attention-Based Maintenance of Speech Forms in Memory: The Case of Verbal Transformations.Christian Abry, Marc Sato, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Hélène Loevenbruck & Marie-Agnès Cathiard - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):728-729.
    One of the fundamental questions raised by Ruchkin, Grafman, Cameron, and Berndt's (Ruchkin et al.'s) interpretation of no distinct specialized neural networks for short-term storage buffers and long-term memory systems, is that of the link between perception and memory processes. In this framework, we take the opportunity in this commentary to discuss a specific working memory task involving percept formation, temporary retention, auditory imagery, and the attention-based maintenance of information, that is, the verbal transformation effect.
  15. The Tenability of Comparing the Receptive Lexical Proficiency of Dual Language Children with Standardised Monoglot Norms.Samuel Abudarham - 1997 - Educational Studies 23 (1):127-143.
  16. The Meaning, Scope and Methods of Operations Research.Russell L. Ackoff - 1961 - In Russell Lincoln Ackoff (ed.), Progress in Operations Research. New York: Wiley. pp. 1--1.
  17. In Adversative Clauses, Pa is Used for-Expressing Opposition to What has Been Said Previously4 (1) Obljubil Je Bil, Pa Ni Drfal Besede. He Promised, Pa Did Not Keep His Word.(2) Nihce Ni Mislil Nanjo, Pa Je Stopila V hiSo. [REVIEW]I. Ad - forthcoming - Filozofski Vestnik.
  18. What's in a (N Empty) Name?Fred Adams & Laura A. Dietrich - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (2):125-148.
  19. Vowels, Consonants, Speech, and Nonspeech.Anthony E. Ades - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (6):524-530.
  20. Specifiers: Minimalist Approaches.David Adger, Susan Pintzuk, Bernadette Plunkett & George Tsoulas (eds.) - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.
    By the late 1980s, Government and Binding Theory - which was central to almost all research in generative grammar - threatened to become as large and as intricate as the language it described. To counter this, Noam Chomsky introduced a minimalist program with the aim of making explanations of language as simple and general as possible. It has since gained widespread acceptance, to the extent that the most recent first-year textbook in syntax is based on it. One of the areas (...)
  21. Introduction, Context and Background.Lisa Adkins - 2004 - In Lisa Adkins & Beverley Skeggs (eds.), Feminism After Bourdieu. Blackwell. pp. 37--56.
  22. Comparisons with Grice.Jonathan E. Adler - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):710.
  23. A Defense of Ignorance.Jonathan E. Adler - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (4):621.
  24. The Attributive Theory of Quality.Arash Afshar - unknown
    (Thesis) Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Florida, 1990.
  25. Fixing Unsaid Meanings.Rodrigo Agerri - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):149-150.
  26. Arabic Negation Marker (Laysa) with Bare Argument Ellipsis and its Association with Information Structure.Nasser Al-Horais - 2000 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 2001:2006-2008.
  27. Mulla Sadra's View of Equating Uncertain Propositions with Conditional Propositions.Sayyid Al-Huda - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 32.
    According to the principle of presupposition, in affirmative propositions, whose subject is the impossible being by essence, it is necessary for the subject to be realized, which is impossible. It seems that a good solution to this problem is considering uncertain categorical propositions as conditional ones. However, Muslim philosophers, particularly Mulla Sadra, believe that although uncertain propositions are coextensive with conditional ones, their logical structure is a categorial one.It seems that their most important reason for opposing equating conditional and uncertain (...)
  28. Further Thoughts on Rationality.Tom Albertsson & Hubertus Fremerey - 2004 - Philosophy Pathways 82.
  29. Development of the Canaanite Dialects: An Investigation in Linguistic History.W. F. Albright & Zellig S. Harris - 1940 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 60 (3):414.
  30. Cognitive Approaches for Explaining the Phenomena of Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Use in Communication.E. Alcon - 1997 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 30 (1-2):7-28.
  31. Problems of Discourse Theory.Robert Alexy - 1988 - Critica 20 (58):43 - 65.
  32. The Grammatical Metaphor: A Survey of Its Use in the Middle Ages.John Alford - 1982 - Speculum 57 (4):728-760.
    The history of the grammatical metaphor in the West begins in ancient Greece, with the naming of the rules that govern human speech, and continues up to the present day. The Stoic philosophers produced fantastic psychological and metaphysical justifications of their word “case” and its subdivisions “upright” and “oblique.” Lucillius wrote an epigram in which grammatical terms are given a sexual interpretation. Medieval poets, noting the literal meanings of such terms as casus and declinatio — both signifying “fall” — drew (...)
  33. A Note on the Source of There in Existential Sentences.Keith Allan - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7 (1):1-18.
  34. Natural Language Understanding.James Allen - 1987
  35. Of Thoughts and Words the Relation Between Language and Mind : Stockholm, Sweden, 8-12 August, 1994.Sture Allén - 1995
  36. Austronesian Migration and the Establishment of the Malagasy Civilization: Contrasted Readings in Linguistics, Archaeology, Genetics and Cultural Anthropology.C. Allibert - 2008 - Diogenes 55 (2):7 - 16.
    This article reviews and contrasts research findings in a variety of disciplines seeking corroboration for theories of settlement in Madagascar. Evidence is considered from the fields of linguistics, archaeology (studies of pottery), cultural anthropology and genetic analysis, leading to conclusions broadly supporting the thesis of Austronesian migrations directly to Madagascar from Kalimantan and Sulawesi around the 5th and 7th centuries CE, which combined with a Bantu group originating from the region of Mozambique. The article nevertheless warns against attributing too much (...)
  37. Cognition, Communication, and Readiness for Language.Jens Allwood - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):334-355.
  38. The Subject Verb Object Class I.Joseph Almog - 1998 - Philosophical Perspectives 12 (S12):39-76.
  39. The Subject Verb Object Class II.Joseph Almog - 1998 - Noûs 32 (S12):77 - 104.
  40. Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind.Joseph Almog & Paolo Leonardi (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    This volume collects Keith Donnellan's key contributions dating from the late 1960s through the early 1980s, along with a substantive introduction by the editor Joseph Almog, which disseminates the work to a new audience and for posterity.
  41. Noun-Phrase Anaphora and Focus: The Informational Load Hypothesis.Amit Almor - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (4):748-765.
  42. A Case Study of Semiotic Distinctiveness in Brand Names.Ángel Alonso-Cortés - 2016 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 29 (3):635-641.
    Brand names constitute a form of value for commercial products, because they suppose a savings of search costs for the consumer. The law, as a consequence, has the obligation to protect brand names. But the number of attractive brand names is not infinite and sometimes companies seek brand names which are reminiscent of others. In this article a conflict between two companies for the distinctiveness of two brand names is addressed: one Spanish company used the English common noun doughnut for (...)
  43. Aristotle and Plotinus's Divinity.Faris AlShawy - manuscript
  44. Darwin and the Linguists: The Coevolution of Mind and Language, Part 2. The Language–Thought Relationship.Stephen G. Alter - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (1):38-50.
  45. Coherence in Religious Discourse.Kenneth Joseph Aman - 1972 - Dissertation, Yale University
  46. Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics 2016.Maxime Amblard, Philippe de Groote, Sylvain Pogodalla & Christian Rétoré (eds.) - forthcoming - Springer.
  47. Children Use Verb Semantics to Retreat From Overgeneralization Errors: A Novel Verb Grammaticality Judgment Study.Ben Ambridge, Julian M. Pine & Caroline F. Rowland - 2011 - Cognitive Linguistics 22 (2).
  48. On Criteria of Literal Significance.Alice Ambrose - 1967 - Critica 1 (1):49 - 76.
  49. Evidentials, Paths of Change, and Mental Maps: Typologically Regular Asymmetries.Lloyd B. Anderson - 1986 - In Wallace L. Chafe & Johanna Nichols (eds.), Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Ablex. pp. 273--312.
  50. Communicating Offense: The Sordid Life of Language Use.Luvell E. Anderson - unknown
    We encounter offense through various media: an intended facetious remark, a protester’s photographic image of an aborted fetus, an epithet, a stereotypical joke of a minority racial group. People say things that cause offense all of the time. And causing offense can have serious consequences, both personal and professional; the offending party is subject to termination, suspension, or social isolation and public opprobrium. Since the stakes are so high we should have a better understanding of the mechanisms of offense involved (...)
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