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  1. Run the Experiment, Publish the Study, Close the Sale: Commercialized Biomedical Research.Aleta Quinn - 2016 - De Ethica 2 (3):5-21.
    Business models for biomedical research prescribe decentralization due to market selection pressures. I argue that decentralized biomedical research does not match four normative philosophical models of the role of values in science. Non-epistemic values affect the internal stages of for-profit biomedical science. Publication planning, effected by Contract Research Organizations, inhibits mechanisms for transformative criticism. The structure of contracted research precludes attribution of responsibility for foreseeable harm resulting from methodological choices. The effectiveness of business strategies leads to overrepresentation of profit values (...)
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  2. Should Phenomenological Approaches to Illness Be Wary of Naturalism?Juliette Ferry-Danini - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences.
    In some quarters within philosophy of medicine, more particularly in the phenomenological approaches, naturalism is looked upon with suspicion. This paper argues, first, that it is necessary to distinguish between two expressions of this attitude towards naturalism: phenomenological approaches to illness disagree with naturalism regarding various theoretical claims and they disapprove of naturalism on an ethical level. Second, this paper argues that both the disagreement with and the disapproval of naturalism are to a large extent confused. It then offers some (...)
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  3. Healthcare Practice, Epistemic Injustice, and Naturalism.Ian James Kidd & Havi Carel - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 84:1-23.
    Ill persons suffer from a variety of epistemically-inflected harms and wrongs. Many of these are interpretable as specific forms of what we dub pathocentric epistemic injustices, these being ones that target and track ill persons. We sketch the general forms of pathocentric testimonial and hermeneutical injustice, each of which are pervasive within the experiences of ill persons during their encounters in healthcare contexts and the social world. What’s epistemically unjust might not be only agents, communities and institutions, but the theoretical (...)
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  4. Effects of Manual Therapy and Exercise Targeting the Hips in Patients with Low-Back Pain-A Randomized Controlled Trial.Michael Bade, Manuel Cobo-Estevez, Darren Neeley, Jeevan Pandya, Travis Gunderson & Chad Cook - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (4):734-740.
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  5. Do We Need Another Discipline in Medicine? Fromepidemiology and Evidence-Based Medicinetocognitive Medicine and Medical Thinking.Milos Jenicek - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1028-1034.
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  6. What Are the Primary Influences on Treatment Decisions? How Does This Reflect on Evidence-Based Practice? Indications From the Discipline of Speech and Language Therapy.Arlene McCurtin & Amanda M. Clifford - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1178-1189.
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  7. Evidence-Based Medicine and Acupuncture: Old Bias for New Perspectives in Clinical Context.Mariateresa Tassinari & Paolo Roberti di Sarsina - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1035-1037.
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  8. Evidence-Based Medicine Meets Person-Centred Care: A Collaborative Perspective on the Relationship.Amy I. Price, Ben Djulbegovic, Rakesh Biswas & Pranab Chatterjee - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1047-1051.
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  9. Reconciling Evidence-Based Medicine and Patient-Centred Care: Defining Evidence-Based Inputs to Patient-Centred Decisions.Robert R. Weaver - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1076-1080.
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  10. The ‘Adapted ADAPTE’: An Approach to Improve Utilization of the ADAPTE Guideline Adaptation Resource Toolkit in the Alexandria Center for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines.Yasser Sami Amer, Mahmoud Munir Elzalabany, Tarek Ismael Omar, Afaf Gaber Ibrahim & Nabil Lotfy Dowidar - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):1095-1106.
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  11. A ‘Reluctant’ Critical Review: ‘Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice ’.Shashi S. Seshia - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):995-1005.
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  12. ‘All the King's Horses …’: The Problematical Fate of Born-Again Evidence-Based Medicine: Commentary on Greenhalgh, T., Snow, R., Ryan, S., Rees, S., and Salisbury, H. Six ‘Biases’ Against Patients and Carers in Evidence-Based Medicine. BioMed Centr. [REVIEW]Peter Wyer & Suzana Alves da Silva - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (6):E1-E10.
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  13. A Philosophical Argument Against Evidence-Based Policy.Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen D. Mumford - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1045-1050.
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  14. Assigning Functions to Medical Technologies.Alexander Mebius - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (3):321-338.
    Modern health care relies extensively on the use of technologies for assessing and treating patients, so it is important to be certain that health care technologies perform their professed functions in an effective and safe manner. Philosophers of technology have developed methods to assign and evaluate the functions of technological products, the major elements of which are described in the ICE theory. This paper questions whether the standard of evidence advocated by the ICE theory is adequate for ascribing and assessing (...)
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  15. Evidence, Discovery and Justification: The Case of Evidence-Based Medicine.Rodolfo Gaeta & Nelida Gentile - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):550-557.
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  16. A Challenge for Evidence-Based Policy.Adam La Caze & Mark Colyvan - 2017 - Axiomathes 27 (1):1-13.
    Evidence-based policy has support in many areas of government and in public affairs more generally. In this paper we outline what evidence-based policy is, then we discuss its strengths and weaknesses. In particular, we argue that it faces a serious challenge to provide a plausible, over-arching account of evidence. We contrast evidence-based policy with evidence-based medicine, especially the role of evidence in assessing the effectiveness of medicines. The evidence required for policy decisions does not easily lend itself to randomized controlled (...)
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  17. The Misfortunes of Moral Enhancement.Marco Antonio Azevedo - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (5):461-479.
    In Unfit for the Future, Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu present a sophisticated argument in defense of the imperative of moral enhancement. They claim that without moral enhancement, the future of humanity is seriously compromised. The possibility of ultimate harm, caused by a dreadful terrorist attack or by a final unpreventable escalation of the present environmental crisis aggravated by the availability of cognitive enhancement, makes moral enhancement a top priority. It may be considered optimistic to think that our present moral (...)
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  18. Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease.Philip J. van der Eijk - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to medicine. This interaction (...)
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  19. The Oxidative Stress Theory of Disease: Levels of Evidence and Epistemological Aspects.Pietro Ghezzi, Vincent Jaquet, Fabrizio Marcucci & Harald H. H. W. Schmidt - unknown
    The theory stating that oxidative stress is at the root of several diseases is extremely popular. However, so far, no antioxidant is recommended or offered by healthcare systems neither approved as therapy by regulatory agencies that base their decisions on evidence-based medicine. This is simply because, so far, despite many preclinical and clinical studies indicating a beneficial effect of antioxidants in many disease conditions, randomised clinical trials have failed to provide the evidence of efficacy required for drug approval. In this (...)
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  20. Evolutionary Epidemiology.Daniel R. Wilson - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (1):87-90.
    Epidemiology is a science of disease which specifies rates . Evolution is a science of life which specifies changes . ‘Evolutionary Epidemiology’ is a synthesis of these two sciences which combines the empirical power of classical methods in genetical epidemiology with the interpretive capacities of neo-darwinian evolutionary genetics. In particular, prevalence rates of genetical diseases are important data points when reformulated for the purpose of analysis in terms of their evolutionary frequencies. Traits which exceedprevalences beyond the rates of mutation or (...)
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  21. Jeanne Daly. Evidence‐Based Medicine and the Search for a Science of Clinical Care. Xi + 275 Pp. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. $65. [REVIEW]Kirstin Borgerson - 2006 - Isis 97 (3):593-594.
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  22. The Epidemiology of HealthIago Galdston.John B. Blake - 1954 - Isis 45 (1):110-110.
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  23. Clinician's Guide to Evidence-Based Practices: Behavioral Health and Addictions.John C. Norcross, Thomas P. Hogan, Gerald P. Koocher & Lauren A. Maggio - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
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  24. Homeopathy and Evidence-Based Policy.John Worrall - unknown
    With the UK government considering a ban on the prescription of homeopathic remedies on the NHS, John Worrall examines the rationale for such a proposal and suggests that the decision is not as simple as it might initially seem.
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  25. Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Foundations, Ethics, and Law.Robert M. Sade - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):183-190.
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  26. Avoiding Bias in Randomised Controlled Trials in Educational Research.David J. Torgerson & Carole J. Torgerson - 2003 - British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (1):36-45.
    Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are often seen as the 'gold standard' of evaluative research. However, whilst randomisation will ensure comparable groups, trials are still vulnerable to a range of biases that can undermine their internal validity. In this paper we describe a number of common threats to the internal validity of RCTs and methods of countering them. We highlight a number of examples from randomised trials in education and health care where problems of execution and analysis of the RCT has (...)
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  27. Evidence-Based Practice in Education: The Best Medicine?Anne Pirrie - 2001 - British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (2):124-136.
    This paper explores the reasons why the notion of 'evidence-based' practice has gained prominence in educational research. The ascendancy of 'evidence-based' practice is attributed to a crisis of legitimation in educational research. The paper offers a critical exegesis of a systematic review conducted under the auspices of the Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) subgroup of the Cochrane Collaboration.
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  28. What is Evidence-Based Education?Philip Davies - 1999 - British Journal of Educational Studies 47 (2):108-121.
    This paper argues that education should become more evidence-based. The distinction is made between using existing research and establishing high-quality educational research. The need for highquality systematic reviews and appraisals of educational research is clear. Evidence-based education is not a panacea, but is a set of principles and practices for enhancing educational policy and practice.
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  29. The Open Education Evidence Hub: A Collective Intelligence Tool for Evidence Based Policy.Anna De Liddo, Simon Buckingham Shum, Patrick McAndrew & Robert Farrow - 2012 - .
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  30. Standards of Medical Care Based on Consensus Rather Than Evidence: The Case of Routine Bedrail Use for the Elderly.Howard S. Rubenstein, Frances H. Miller, Sholem Postel & Hilda B. Evans - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (6):271-276.
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  31. Ethical Issues of Randomized Controlled Trials.Jyotirmoy Sarker - 2014 - Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):1-4.
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  32. ‘One Mission Accomplished, More Important Ones Remain’: Commentary on Every-Palmer, S., Howick, J. How Evidence-Based Medicine is Failing Due to Biased Trials and Selective Publication.Peter Wyer & Suzana Alves da Silva - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):518-528.
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  33. Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In Reply to Kerryet Al.Anders Strand & Veli-Pekka Parkkinen - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):532-534.
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  34. Evidence-Informed Person-Centred Health Care : Are ‘Cognitive Biases Plus’ Underlying the EBM Paradigm Responsible for Undermining the Quality of Evidence?Shashi S. Seshia, Michael Makhinson & G. Bryan Young - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):748-758.
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  35. Underdetermination in Evidence-Based Medicine.Benjamin H. Chin-Yee - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):921-927.
  36. An Epistemological Shift: From Evidence-Based Medicine to Epistemological Responsibility.Sophie van Baalen & Mieke Boon - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):433-439.
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  37. Barriers to Evidence-Based Medicine: A Systematic Review.Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi & Saber Azami-Aghdash - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):793-802.
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  38. Medical Students’ Attitudes on and Experiences with Evidence-Based Medicine: A Qualitative Study.Morteza Ghojazadeh, Sakineh Hajebrahimi, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Fatemeh Pournaghi Azar, Majid Keshavarz, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad & Hakimeh Hazrati - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):779-785.
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  39. Evidence-Based Medicine Use in Pharmacy Practice: A Cross-Sectional Survey.Rana Abu Farha, Eman Alefishat, Maysa Suyagh, Eman Elayeh & Amal Mayyas - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):786-792.
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  40. The Effectiveness of Computer Reminders Versus Postal Reminders for Improving Quality Assessment for Point-of-Care Testing in Primary Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Volkert Siersma, Marius Brostrøm Kousgaard, Susanne Reventlow, Ruth Ertmann, Peter Felding & Frans Boch Waldorff - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (1):13-20.
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  41. Does the CONSORT Checklist for Abstracts Improve the Quality of Reports of Randomized Controlled Trials on Clinical Pathways?Qi Cui, Jinhui Tian, Xuping Song & Kehu Yang - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):827-833.
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  42. Validity and Reliability of Instruments Aimed at Measuring Evidence-Based Practice in Physical Therapy: A Systematic Review of the Literature.Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Albert Sesé-Abad, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Angel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Iosune Salinas-Bueno & Joan Ernest de Pedro-Gómez - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):767-778.
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  43. How Evidence-Based Medicine is Failing Due to Biased Trials and Selective Publication.Susanna Every-Palmer & Jeremy Howick - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):908-914.
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  44. Experimental Studies to Improve the Reliability and Validity of Regulatory Judgments on Health Care in the Netherlands: A Randomized Controlled Trial and Before and After Case Study.Saskia M. Tuijn, Huub van den Bergh, Paul Robben & Frans Janssens - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (4):352-361.
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  45. Decisional Support to Prevent Adverse Drug Reactions of Long Latency: Pilot Randomized Controlled Intervention for Glucocorticoid-Induced Diabetes.Hannah R. Dischinger, Elizabeth Cheng, Alyse D. Mann, Tiffany M. Grueber, Sherri Hawk, Lisa A. Davis, Allan V. Prochazka, Evelyn Hutt & Liron Caplan - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (4):614-619.
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  46. Measures Used to Assess Chronic Pelvic Pain in Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review.Maria Beatriz F. Gurian, Andréia M. D. S. Mitidieri, Júlio C. Rosa E. Silva, Omero B. Poli Neto, Antônio A. Nogueira & Francisco José Candido dos Reis - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (4):749-756.
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  47. Making Medical Knowledge.Miriam Solomon - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    How is medical knowledge made? There have been radical changes in recent decades, through new methods such as consensus conferences, evidence-based medicine, translational medicine, and narrative medicine. Miriam Solomon explores their origins, aims, and epistemic strengths and weaknesses; and she offers a pluralistic approach for the future.
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  48. Evidence-Based Practice and Toulmin.Tone Kvernbekk & Robert C. Pinto - unknown
    There is a vast literature on evidence-based practice in education. Both critics of and adherents to EBP seem to think of evidence largely as quantitative data, serving as a foundation from which practice could and should be derived; in Toulminian terms, evidence is treated solely as data/grounds. I argue in this paper that it is better in educational reasoning to view the function of evidence as backing of the warrant.
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  49. Feasibility and Diagnostic Accuracy of Teledermatology in Swiss Primary Care: Process Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.Ryan Tandjung, Nina Badertscher, Nadine Kleiner, Michel Wensing, Thomas Rosemann, Ralph P. Braun & Oliver Senn - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (2):326-331.
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  50. Philosophical Controversies in the Evaluation of Medical Treatments : With a Focus on the Evidential Roles of Randomization and Mechanisms in Evidence-Based Medicine.Alexander Mebius - 2015 - Dissertation, KTH Royal Institute of Technology
    This thesis examines philosophical controversies surrounding the evaluation of medical treatments, with a focus on the evidential roles of randomised trials and mechanisms in Evidence-Based Medicine. Current 'best practice' usually involves excluding non-randomised trial evidence from systematic reviews in cases where randomised trials are available for inclusion in the reviews. The first paper challenges this practice and evaluates whether adding of evidence from non-randomised trials might improve the quality and precision of some systematic reviews. The second paper compares the alleged (...)
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