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  1. Evidence-Based Medicine Use in Pharmacy Practice: A Cross-Sectional Survey.Rana Abu Farha, Eman Alefishat, Maysa Suyagh, Eman Elayeh & Amal Mayyas - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):786-792.
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  2. Holistic Medicine as a Method of Causal Explanation, Treatment, and Prevention in Clinical Work: Obstacle or Opportunity for Development?Erik Allander - 1984 - In Lennart Nordenfelt & B. I. B. Lindahl (eds.), Health, Disease, and Causal Explanations in Medicine. Reidel. pp. 215--223.
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  3. What Medicine is About: Using its Past to Improve its Future.Mark D. Altschule - 1975 - Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine.
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  4. The ‘Adapted ADAPTE’: An Approach to Improve Utilization of the ADAPTE Guideline Adaptation Resource Toolkit in the Alexandria Center for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines.Yasser Sami Amer, Mahmoud Munir Elzalabany, Tarek Ismael Omar, Afaf Gaber Ibrahim & Nabil Lotfy Dowidar - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice:n/a-n/a.
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  5. History and Philosophy of Modern Epidemiology.Hanne Andersen - manuscript
    Epidemiological studies of chronic diseases began around the mid-20th century. Contrary to the infectious disease epidemiology which had prevailed at the beginning of the 20th century and which had focused on single agents causing individual diseases, the chronic disease epidemiology which emerged at the end of Word War II was a much more complex enterprise that investigated a multiplicity of risk factors for each disease. Involved in the development of chronic disease epidemi-ology were therefore fundamental discussions on the notion of (...)
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  6. A Philosophical Argument Against Evidence-Based Policy.Rani Lill Anjum & Stephen D. Mumford - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1045-1050.
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  7. Using Clinical Audit to Promote Evidence‐Based Medicine and Clinical Effectiveness—an Overview of One Health Authority's Experience.Saroj Auplish - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (1):77-82.
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  8. Evidence‐Based Medicine and Public Health.Paul Aveyard - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):139-144.
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  9. Are Therapeutic Decisions Made on the Medical Admissions Unit Any More Evidence‐Based Than They Used to Be?Stephen Ayre & Gareth Walters - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1180-1186.
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  10. The Misfortunes of Moral Enhancement.Marco Antonio Azevedo - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine 41 (5):461-479.
    In Unfit for the Future, Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu present a sophisticated argument in defense of the imperative of moral enhancement. They claim that without moral enhancement, the future of humanity is seriously compromised. The possibility of ultimate harm, caused by a dreadful terrorist attack or by a final unpreventable escalation of the present environmental crisis aggravated by the availability of cognitive enhancement, makes moral enhancement a top priority. It may be considered optimistic to think that our present moral (...)
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  11. Effects of Manual Therapy and Exercise Targeting the Hips in Patients with Low-Back Pain-A Randomized Controlled Trial.Michael Bade, Manuel Cobo-Estevez, Darren Neeley, Jeevan Pandya, Travis Gunderson & Chad Cook - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  12. Homocystinuria and the Passing of the One Gene— One Enzyme Concept of Disease.G. Winston Barber - 1980 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (1):8-21.
  13. A New Model for the Origins of Chronic Disease.D. J. P. Barker - 2001 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):31-35.
    Living things are often plastic during their early development and are moulded by the environment. Many human fetuses have to adapt to a limited supply of nutrients, and in doing so they permanently change their physiology and metabolism. These programmed changes may be the origins of a number of diseases in later life, including coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes and hypertension.
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  14. Ivan Illich and the Nemesis of Medicine.Robert J. Barnet - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (3):273-286.
    Ivan Illich, philosopher, historian, priest and social commentator died in Bremen, Germany on December 2, 2002. Illich was noted for his critique of the Church, education and medicine but his concepts dealt with more fundamental issues. This article reveals aspects of Illich, the man, and explores his ideas as they apply to the meaning of medicine and, in particular, the role of health care in contemporary society.
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  15. Microcompetition with Foreign DNA and the Origin of Chronic Disease (Reivew).Kim E. Barrett - 2005 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (1):143-146.
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  16. Clinical Wisdom and Evidence-Based Medicine Are (Indeed) Complementary: A Reply to Bursztajn and Colleagues.Cynthia Baum-Baicker & Dominic A. Sisti - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (1):37.
    We briefly respond to Bursztajn and colleagues’ commentary on our article, “Clinical Wisdom in Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A Philosophical and Qualitative Analysis.”.
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  17. Human Health and Stoic Moral Norms.Lawrence C. Becker - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (2):221 – 238.
    For the philosophy of medicine, there are two things of interest about the stoic account of moral norms, quite apart from whether the rest of stoic ethical theory is compelling. One is the stoic version of naturalism: its account of practical reasoning, its solution to the is/ought problem, and its contention that norms for creating, sustaining, or restoring human health are tantamount to moral norms. The other is the stoic account of human agency: its description of the intimate connections between (...)
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  18. Spirituality and Medicine: Idiot-Proofing the Discourse.Nancy Berlinger - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (6):681 – 695.
    The field of spirituality and medicine has seen explosive growth in recent years, due in part to significant private support for the development of curricula in more than half of all U.S. medical schools, and for related residency training programs and research centers. While there is no single definition of " spirituality " in use across these initiatives, this article examines the definitions and learning objectives relevant to spirituality that are addressed in a 1999 report of the Medical School Objectives (...)
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  19. Mathematical Analysis of a Two Strain Hiv/Aids Model with Antiretroviral Treatment.C. P. Bhunu, W. Garira & G. Magombedze - 2009 - Acta Biotheoretica 57 (3):361-381.
    A two strain HIV/AIDS model with treatment which allows AIDS patients with sensitive HIV-strain to undergo amelioration is presented as a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations. The disease-free equilibrium is shown to be globally asymptotically stable when the associated epidemic threshold known as the basic reproduction number for the model is less than unity. The centre manifold theory is used to show that the sensitive HIV-strain only and resistant HIV-strain only endemic equilibria are locally asymptotically stable when the associated (...)
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  20. What Is Human in Humans? Responses From Biology, Anthropology, and Philosophy.G. Bibeau - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (4):354-363.
    Genomics has brought biology, medicine, agriculture, psychology, anthropology, and even philosophy to a new threshold. In this new context, the question about "what is human in humans" may end up being answered by geneticists, specialists of technoscience, and owners of biotech companies. The author defends, in this article, the idea that humanity is at risk in our age of genetic engineering, biotechnologies, and market-geared genetic research; he also argues that the values at the very core of our postgenomic era bring (...)
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  21. Beyond Health Care Accountability: The Gift of Medicine.Jeffrey P. Bishop - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):119 – 133.
    E. Haavi Morreim's book, Holding Health Care Accountable , insightfully describes several features of the current crisis in malpractice in relation to the health care marketplace. In this essay, I delineate the key and eminently practical guide for reform that she lays out. I argue that her insights bring us to more fundamental aspects than immanent medical economy and accountability - aspects that are ignored at present. I describe the features of immanent economy and how they tend to cover over (...)
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  22. The Scientific Status of Psychoanalytic Clinical Evidence (III). Bj - 1964 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 7 (1-4):47 – 79.
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  23. The Epidemiology of HealthIago Galdston.John B. Blake - 1954 - Isis 45 (1):110-110.
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  24. Marcum, James A., An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine.Robyn Bluhm - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):391-393.
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  25. The Collective Representation of Affliction: Some Reflections on Disability and Disease as Social Facts.Alan Blum - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (2).
    A perspective is developed for approaching affliction as a social fact. Disability and disease are considered as two ways in which we suffer a disjunction which arises from the need to take initiative with respect to the inexorable, whether that means the mark of disability or the unconquerability of disease.The story of affliction always raises and masks in certain respects the problem of suffering as the collective representation of our experience of subjectivity where that experience passes through the separateness of (...)
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  26. Tensions and Opportunities in Convergence: Shifting Concepts of Disease in Emerging Molecular Medicine. [REVIEW]Marianne Boenink - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):243-255.
    The convergence of biomedical sciences with nanotechnology as well as ICT has created a new wave of biomedical technologies, resulting in visions of a ‘molecular medicine’. Since novel technologies tend to shift concepts of disease and health, this paper investigates how the emerging field of molecular medicine may shift the meaning of ‘disease’ as well as the boundary between health and disease. It gives a brief overview of the development towards and the often very speculative visions of molecular medicine. Subsequently (...)
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  27. Jeanne Daly.Evidence‐Based Medicine and the Search for a Science of Clinical Care. Xi + 275 Pp. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. $65. [REVIEW]Kirstin Borgerson - 2006 - Isis 97 (3):593-594.
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  28. Battle in the Planning Office: Field Experts Versus Normative Statisticians.Marcel Boumans - 2008 - Social Epistemology 22 (4):389 – 404.
    Generally, rational decision-making is conceived as arriving at a decision by a correct application of the rules of logic and statistics. If not, the conclusions are called biased. After an impressive series of experiments and tests carried out in the last few decades, the view arose that rationality is tough for all, skilled field experts not excluded. A new type of planner's counsellor is called for: the normative statistician, the expert in reasoning with uncertainty par excellence. To unravel this view, (...)
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  29. Meta-Diagnosis: Towards a Hermeneutical Perspective in Medicine with an Emphasis on Alcoholism.Carol A. Bowman - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (3).
    This essay argues that making a diagnosis in medicine is essentially a hermeneutic enterprise, one in which interpretation skills play a major part in understanding a disease. The clinical encounter is an event comprised of two voices; one is the voice of science which is grounded in empiricism, the other is that of human experience, which is grounded in story-telling and the interpretation of those stories.Using two voices, one from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III-Revised, which describes alcohol (...)
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  30. Genetic Medicine: A Logic of Disease (Review).James E. Bowman - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (4):617-618.
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  31. Defining Neglected Disease.Alex Broadbent - 2011 - Biosocieties 6 (1):51-70.
    In this article I seek to say what it is for something to count as a neglected disease. I argue that neglect should be defined in terms of efforts at prevention, mitigation and cure, and not solely in terms of research dollars per disability-adjusted life-year. I further argue that the trend towards multifactorialism and risk factor thinking in modern epidemiology has lent credibility to the erroneous view that the primary problem with neglected diseases is a lack of research. A more (...)
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  32. Causation and Models of Disease in Epidemiology.Alex Broadbent - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (4):302-311.
    Nineteenth-century medical advances were entwined with a conceptual innovation: the idea that many cases of disease which were previously thought to have diverse causes could be explained by the action of a single kind of cause, for example a certain bacterial or parasitic infestation. The focus of modern epidemiology, however, is on chronic non-communicable diseases, which frequently do not seem to be attributable to any single causal factor. This paper is an effort to resolve the resulting tension. The paper criticises (...)
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  33. The Profit Motive in Medicine.D. W. Brock & A. E. Buchanan - 1987 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (1):1-35.
    The ethical implications of the growth of for-profit health care institutions are complex. Two major moral criticisms of for-profit medicine are analyzed. The first claim is that for-profit health care institutions fail to fulfill their obligations to do their fair share in providing health care to the poor and so exacerbate the problem of access to health care. The second claim is that profit seeking in medicine will damage the physician-patient relationship, creating conflicts of interest that will diminish the quality (...)
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  34. Philosophy of Medicine and Other Humanities: Toward a Wholistic View.Howard Brody - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).
    A less analytic and more wholistic approach to philosophy, described as best overall fit or seeing how things all hang together, is defended in recent works by John Rawls and Richard Rorty and can usefully be applied to problems in philosophy of medicine. Looking at sickness and its impact upon the person as a central problem for philosophy of medicine, this approach discourages a search for necessary and sufficient conditions for being sick, and instead encourages a listing of true and (...)
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  35. The Philosophical Basis of Medicine as a Philosophical Question.Jan M. Broekman - 1987 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).
    The question of the philosophical basis of medical science and medical practice is considered under three closely related themes: (i) the doctor-patient relationship, (ii) the structure of the medical-ethical discourse, and (iii) the problem of philosophical founding in relation to medical conduct. The doctor-patient relationship is regarded as a transformational relation. Acceptance of the illness of the patient, the construction of a complaint as a necessary condition — and not a description of an existing reality — as well as the (...)
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  36. On Defining 'Disease'.W. Miller Brown - 1985 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (4):311-328.
    This essay examines several recent philosophical attempts to define ‘disease’. Two prominent ones are considered in detail, an objective approach by Christopher Boorse and a normative approach by Caroline Whitbeck. Both are found to be inadequate for a variety of reasons, though Whitbeck's is superior because of her careful preliminary distinctions and because of its normative approach which is more nearly in accord with medical and lay usage. The paper concludes with a discussion of the nature of such efforts at (...)
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  37. Biological Individuality and Disease.G. R. Burgio - 1993 - Acta Biotheoretica 41 (3):219-230.
    The concept of predisposition in medicine is ancient, and the term diathesis was used to express it since the days of Hippocrates and, especially, of Galen.The concept of diathesis was enormously popular throughout the nineteenth century, despite the vagueness of its actual meaning. It was clarified only in the early years of the twentieth century (1902), when it was however losing its clinical relevance, by a replacement of the concept ofchemical individuality by A.E. Garrod, followed thirty years later by the (...)
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  38. Disease Stigma in U.S. Public Health Law.Scott Burris - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30 (2):179-190.
  39. Medicine as a Human Science Between the Singularity of the Patient and Technical Scientific Reproducibility.Marco Buzzoni - 2003 - Poiesis and Praxis 1 (3):171-184.
    The often-emphasized tension between the singularity of the patient and technical–scientific reproducibility in medicine cannot be resolved without a discussion of the epistemological and methodological status of the human sciences. On the one hand, the rules concerning human action are analogous to the scientific laws of nature. They are de facto sufficiently stable to allow predictions and explanations similar to those of experimental sciences. From this point of view, it is only a trivial truth, but still a methodological irrelevancy, that (...)
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  40. On Medicine as a Human Science.Marco Buzzoni - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (1):79-94.
    All the powerful influences exertedby the subjective-interpersonal dimension onthe organic or technical-functional dimensionof sickness and health do not make anintersubjective test concerning medicaltherapeutic results impossible. Theseinfluences are not arbitrary; on the contrary,they obey laws that are de facto sufficientlystable to allow predictions and explanationssimilar to those of experimental sciences.While, in this respect, the rules concerninghuman action are analogous to the scientificlaws of nature, they can at any time be revokedby becoming aware of them. Law-like andreproducible regularities in the sciences ofman (...)
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  41. Legal Issues Related to Complementary and Alternative Medicine.Rebecca F. Cady - 2009 - Jona's Healthcare, Law, Ethics, and Regulation 11 (2):46-51.
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  42. Medicine and the Market: A Research Agenda.Daniel Callahan - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):224 – 242.
    One of the most important developments in international medicine over the past two decades has been a turn to the market as a way of coping with rising costs and responding to calls for more freedom from government control. A full moral evaluation of the relationship of medicine and the market requires asking a wide range of questions bearing on the meaning and impact of market strategies on the economics of health care and on the clinical and public health outcomes (...)
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  43. The Normal and the Pathological.Georges Canguilhem - 1991 - Zone Books.
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  44. Exemplary Reasoning? A Comment on Theory Structure in Biomedicine.Arthur L. Caplan - 1986 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):93-105.
    The contributions that the philosophy of medicine can make to both the philosophy of science and the practice of science have been obscured in recent years by an overemphasis on personalities rather than critical themes. Two themes have dominated general discussion within contemporary philosophy of science: methodological essentialism and dynamic gradualism. These themes are defined and considered in light of Kenneth Schaffner's argument that theories in biomedicine have a structure and logic unlike that found in theories of the natural sciences. (...)
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  45. Health, Disease, and Illness: Concepts in Medicine.Arthur Caplan, James J. McCartney & Dominic A. Sisti (eds.) - 2004 - Georgetown University Press.
    Health, Disease, and Illness brings together a sterling list of classic and contemporary thinkers to examine the history, state, and future of ever-changing "concepts" in medicine.
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  46. Questions in Contemporary Medicine and the Philosophy of Charles Taylor: An Introduction.F. A. Carnevale & D. M. Weinstock - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (4):329-334.
    This article provides an introduction to the articles in this theme issue. This collection examines epistemological, ontological, moral and political questions in medicine in light of the philosophical ideas of Charles Taylor. A synthesis of Taylor's relevant work is presented. Taylor has argued for a conception of the human sciences that regards human life as meaningful–deriving meaning from surrounding horizons of significance. An overview of the interdisciplinary articles in this issue is presented. This collection advances our thinking in the philosophy (...)
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  47. Evidence-Based Policy: Where is Our Theory of Evidence?N. Cartwright, A. Goldfinch & J. Howick - 2009 - Journal of Children’s Services 4 (4):6--14.
    This article critically analyses the concept of evidence in evidence‐based policy, arguing that there is a key problem: there is no existing practicable theory of evidence, one which is philosophically‐grounded and yet applicable for evidence‐based policy. The article critically considers both philosophical accounts of evidence and practical treatments of evidence in evidence‐based policy. It argues that both fail in different ways to provide a theory of evidence that is adequate for evidence‐based policy. The article contributes to the debate about how (...)
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  48. What Are Randomised Controlled Trials Good For?Nancy Cartwright - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (1):59 - 70.
    Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are widely taken as the gold standard for establishing causal conclusions. Ideally conducted they ensure that the treatment ‘causes’ the outcome—in the experiment. But where else? This is the venerable question of external validity. I point out that the question comes in two importantly different forms: Is the specific causal conclusion warranted by the experiment true in a target situation? What will be the result of implementing the treatment there? This paper explains how the probabilistic theory (...)
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  49. Are Rcts the Gold Standard?Nancy Cartwright - 2007 - Biosocieties 1:11-20.
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  50. Well‐Ordered Science: Evidence for Use.Nancy Cartwright - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (5):981-990.
    This article agrees with Philip Kitcher that we should aim for a well-ordered science, one that answers the right questions in the right ways. Crucial to this is to address questions of use: Which scientific account is right for which system in which circumstances? This is a difficult question: evidence that may support a scientific claim in one context may not support it in another. Drawing on examples in physics and other sciences, this article argues that work on the warrant (...)
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