Philosophy of Mind

Edited by David Chalmers and David Bourget
Assistant editor: Chang Liu (University of Western Ontario, University of Western Ontario)
227 found
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1 — 50 / 227
  1. added 2019-06-20
    Misplacing Memories? An Enactive Approach to the Virtual Memory Palace.Anco Peeters & Miguel Segundo-Ortin - manuscript
    In this paper, we evaluate a pragmatic turn towards enactive, embodied thinking in cognitive science in the context of recent research on the memory palace technique. The memory palace is a powerful method for remembering yet it faces two problems. First, cognitive scientists are currently unable to explain why it works so well. Second, the technique faces significant practical challenges to its users: they need to have access to a suitable training environment and invest a great amount of time to (...)
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  2. added 2019-06-20
    Motions in the Body, Sensations in the Mind: Malebranche's Mechanics of Sensory Perception and Taste.Katharine Julia Hamerton - forthcoming - Arts Et Savoirs.
    This article, which seeks to connect philosophy, polite culture, and the Enlightenment, shows how Malebranche’s Cartesian science presented a full-frontal attack on the worldly notion of a good taste aligned with reason. It did this by arguing that the aesthetic tastes that people experience were the result of mechanically-transmitted sensations that, like all physical sensations, were inaccurate, erroneous and relativistic. The mechanics of this process is explored in detail to show how Malebranche was challenging honnête thinking. The article suggests that (...)
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  3. added 2019-06-20
    How to Operationalise Consciousness.Glenn Carruthers, Sidney Carls-Diamante, Linus Huang, Melanie Rosen & Elizabeth Schier - forthcoming - Australian Journal of Psychology.
    Objective To review the way consciousness is operationalised in contemporary research, discuss strengths and weaknesses of current approaches and propose new measures. Method We first reviewed the literature pertaining to the phenomenal character of visual and self-consciousness as well as awareness of visual stimuli. We also reviewed more problematic cases of dreams and animal consciousness, specifically that of octopuses. Results Despite controversies, work in visual and self consciousness is highly developed and there are notable successes. Cases where experiences are not (...)
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  4. added 2019-06-20
    Urteilen, Glauben, Bewusstsein: Ein Kommentar zu Andreas Kemmerlings Glauben. Essay über einen Begriff.Wolfgang Barz - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 73 (2):279-284.
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  5. added 2019-06-20
    The Sense of Emboidment: A Case Study in Explaining Consciousness.Glenn Carruthers - 2019 - Palgrave MacMillian.
    This book proposes a novel and rigorous explanation of consciousness. It argues that the study of an aspect of our self-consciousness known as the ‘feeling of embodiment’ teaches us that there are two distinct phenomena to be targeted by an explanation of consciousness. First is an explanation of the phenomenal qualities – 'what it is like' – of the experience; and second is the subject's awareness of those qualities. Glenn Carruthers explores the phenomenal qualities of the feeling of embodiment using (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-19
    The World is My Representation: Direct Realism and the Extended Mind.Justin Christy - forthcoming - Metascience:1-4.
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  7. added 2019-06-19
    Book Review – Alien Information Theory: Psychedelic Drug Technologies and the Cosmic Game.Peter Sjöstedt-H. - 2019 - Psychedelic Press UK: Psychedelic Book Reviews.
    Dr Peter Sjöstedt-H reviews Dr Andrew R. Gallimore's book, Alien Information Theory. -/- This was published on PsyPressUK on 13 June 2019.
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  8. added 2019-06-18
    Inferential Expressivism and the Negation Problem.Luca Incurvati & Julian J. Schlöder - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 16.
    We develop a novel solution to the negation version of the Frege-Geach problem by taking up recent insights from the bilateral programme in logic. Bilateralists derive the meaning of negation from a primitive *B-type* inconsistency involving the attitudes of assent and dissent. Some may demand an explanation of this inconsistency in simpler terms, but we argue that bilateralism’s assumptions are no less explanatory than those of *A-type* semantics that only require a single primitive attitude, but must stipulate inconsistency elsewhere. Based (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-18
    Double Bookkeeping and Doxasticism About Delusion.José Eduardo Porcher - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (2):111-119.
    Clinical delusions are commonly thought of and characterized as beliefs, both by psychiatrists and by the general population. That fact is encoded in the definition of delusion in the Glossary of Technical Terms of the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders :A false belief based on incorrect inference about external reality that is firmly held despite what almost everyone else believes and despite what constitutes incontrovertible and obvious proof or evidence to the contrary.Although almost (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-18
    Synesthesia Vs. Crossmodal Illusions.Casey O'Callaghan - 2017 - In Ophelia Deroy (ed.), Sensory Blendings: New Essays on Synaesthesia. Oxford, UK: pp. 45-58.
    We can discern two opposing viewpoints regarding synesthesia. According to the first, it is an oddity, an outlier, or a disordered condition. According to the second, synesthesia is pervasive, driving creativity, metaphor, or language itself. Which is it? Ultimately, I favor the first perspective, according to which cross-sensory synesthesia is an outlying condition. But the second perspective is not wholly misguided. My discussion has three lessons. First, synesthesia is just one of a variety of effects in which one sense modality (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-17
    Grief: A Philosophical Guide.Michael Cholbi - forthcoming - Princeton University Press.
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  12. added 2019-06-17
    Undermining Belief in Consciousness.Justin Clarke-Doane - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
    Does consciousness exist? In “The Meta-Problem of Consciousness” (MPC) David Chalmers sketches an argument for illusionism, i.e., the view that it does not. The key premise is that it would be a coincidence if our beliefs about consciousness were true, given that the explanation of those beliefs is independent of their truth. In this article, I clarify and assess this argument. I argue that our beliefs about consciousness are peculiarly invulnerable to undermining, whether or not their contents are indubitable or (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-17
    Transparency and Self‐Knowledge, by Alex Byrne. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, Xi + 227 Pp. ISBN: 9780198821618. Hb £30.00. [REVIEW]Casey Doyle - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
  14. added 2019-06-16
    Material Through and Through.Andrew M. Bailey - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-20.
    Materialists about human persons think that we are material through and through—wholly material beings. Those who endorse materialism more widely think that everything is material through and through. But what is it to be wholly material? In this article, I answer that question. I identify and defend a definition or analysis of ‘wholly material’.
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  15. added 2019-06-16
    Socially Distributed Cognition and the Epistemology of Testimony.Joseph Shieber - forthcoming - In Miranda Fricker, Peter Graham, David Henderson & Nikolaj Jang Pedersen (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. New York, NY, USA: pp. 87-95.
    Most discussions of the epistemology of testimony include personalist requirements. These include either requirements that stipulate certain features that individual testifiers must have in order to count as transmitters of knowledge, or that stipulate certain features that individual recipients of testimony must have in order to count as acquiring knowledge on the basis of that testimony. For example, in the former case, many views require that testifiers be competent and honest, whereas, in the latter case, many views require that recipients (...)
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  16. added 2019-06-16
    One Thing After Another: Why the Passage of Time is Not an Illusion.Natalja Deng - forthcoming - In Adrian Bardon, Valtteri Arstila, Sean Power & Argiro Vatakis (eds.), The Illusions of Time: Philosophical and Psychological Essays on Timing and Time Perception. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Does time seem to us to pass, even though it doesn’t, really? Many philosophers think the answer is ‘Yes’ – at least when ‘time’s (really) passing’ is understood in a particular way. They take time’s passing to be a process by which each time in turn acquires a special status, such as the status of being the only time that exists, or being the only time that is present (where that means more than just being simultaneous with oneself). This chapter (...)
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  17. added 2019-06-16
    Reviewing Tests for Machine Consciousness.A. Elamrani & R. V. Yampolskiy - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):35-64.
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  18. added 2019-06-16
    Growing Evidence that Perceptual Qualia are Neuroelectrical Not Computational.M. W. Jones - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):89-116.
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  19. added 2019-06-16
    Illusionist Integrated Information Theory.K. J. McQueen - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):141-169.
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  20. added 2019-06-16
    The Three Formal Phenomenological Structures: A Means to Assess the Essence of Mathematical Intuition.A. Van-Quynh - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):219-241.
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  21. added 2019-06-16
    In Defence of Bare Attention: A Phenomenological Interpretation of Mindfulness.J. Puc - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):170-190.
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  22. added 2019-06-16
    The Physical as the Nomalous.J. Goldwater - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):65-88.
    I argue physicalism should be characterized as the thesis that all behavior is law-governed. This characterization captures crucial desiderata for a formulation of physicalism, including its broad import and worldview defining features. It also has more local virtues, such as avoiding Hempel’s dilemma. A particularly important implication, I argue, is that this thesis makes the question of the mind’s physicality turn on what the mind can do- rather than what experience is like.
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  23. added 2019-06-16
    Can Quantum Physics Help Solve the Hard Problem of Consciousness?C. Simon - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):204-218.
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  24. added 2019-06-16
    Learning from the Past: Epistemic Generativity and the Function of Episodic Memory.A. Boyle - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):242-251.
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  25. added 2019-06-16
    Masked Priming in a Semantic Selection Task Reveals 'Feeling of Knowing' Experiences but No Subliminal Perception.R. Dongart & S. Kyllingsbæk - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):6-34.
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  26. added 2019-06-16
    Grounding the Gaps or Bumping the Rug? On Explanatory Gaps and Metaphysical Methodology.G. O. Rabin - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):191-203.
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  27. added 2019-06-16
    Marooned.E. Subitzky - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):155-157.
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  28. added 2019-06-16
    Deja Vecu and Deja Visite Similarities and Differences: Initial Results From an Online Investigation.A. Funkhouser & M. Schredl - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):7-18.
    It has been posited that the experience commonly called 'deja vu' can be subdivided into several types of deja experience. For the past nine years an internet questionnaire has collected data about what are called 'deja vecu' and 'deja visite' experiences. It is clear from the data that deja vecu experiences occur more frequently than do deja visite ones. Further analysis of the data has shown that deja vecu experiences were rated as being significantly longer than those of deja visite. (...)
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  29. added 2019-06-16
    On the Multimodality of Body Perception in Action.H. Y. Wong - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):130-139.
    Recent research on proprioception reveals that it relies on a stored representation of bodily dimensions which is systematically distorted. This generates a puzzle about the role of proprioception in action. On the one hand, action requires accurate bodily parameters to be successful; yet if proprioception relies on a systematically distorted model of bodily dimensions, then proprioceptive perception of limb position will contain systematic errors. This pushes us to jettison proprioception as a key source of parameters for motor control; yet the (...)
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  30. added 2019-06-16
    The Role of the Brain During Conscious Experience: In Search of a New Metaphor.U. W. Weger & F. Edelhauser - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):111-129.
    Many scholars interpret the close correlation between neuronal and mental phenomena as causal in nature --with physiological events producing psychological states and processes. This interpretation is suggestive but by no means the most parsimonious or logically sound account and there is an increasing number of challenges to this view. The current article discusses these, briefly reviews alternative accounts and elaborates on one such alternative account in particular. Proposed already a century ago, we take it up here because we consider it (...)
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  31. added 2019-06-16
    Quantum Mechanics, Objective Reality, and the Problem of Consciousness.R. Mukhopadhyay - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):57-80.
    The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of understanding how physical processes in the brain could give rise to conscious experience. In this paper, I suggest that in order to understand the relationship between consciousness and the physical world, we need to probe deeply into the nature of physical reality. This leads us to quantum physics and to a second explanatory gap: that between quantum and classical reality. I will seek a philosophical framework that can address these two gaps (...)
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  32. added 2019-06-16
    Explorations Around the Edges of Consciousness': Report on an International Workshop on East-West Approaches to the Nature of Mind, Consciousness, and Self.M. Velmans - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):140-148.
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  33. added 2019-06-16
    Towards a Sublime State of Consciousness.R. McBride - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):19-40.
    The sublime has long been a key concept in the study of aesthetics. However, it has failed to gain traction in empirical aesthetics. With reference to Longinus, Burke, and Kant, this cross-disciplinary article defines the sublime as a mixture of fascination, exaltation, boundlessness, and fear. These descriptors are then compared with those of peak, ecstatic, and mystical psychological experiences; it is argued that they represent different approaches to the same phenomenon. In order to render sublime aesthetic states experimentally accessible, the (...)
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  34. added 2019-06-16
    Investigating Somatic Consciousness: Review of the 17th Annual Conference of the Consciousness and Experiential Psychology Section of the British Psychological Society Cambridge, 4-6 September 2014. [REVIEW]B. Pierce & S. A. J. Stuart - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (11-12):149-154.
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  35. added 2019-06-16
    Transitivity, Introspection, and Conceptuality.William Seager - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):31-50.
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  36. added 2019-06-16
    Psychology and Near-Death Experiences: Challenges to and Opportunities for Ongoing Debates About Consciousness.Natasha Tassell-Matamua - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):150-172.
    The nature of consciousness continues to intrigue psychologists. Although much understanding has been progressed within the past few decades, psychological notions of consciousness continue to be based on a materialist reductionist model, which implies conscious processes are a function of neurological processes occurring in the brain. Yet, increased attention and empirical investigation of neardeath experiences poses challenges to this materialist reductionist position, and suggests consciousness may not be reliant on functioning neurological processes. This article will review the current state of (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-16
    A Preliminary Test of the Model of Pragmatic Information Using Cases of Spontaneous Anomalous Experience.Caroline Watt & I. Tierney - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):205-220.
    A three-year study was conducted as the first systematic test of the Model of Pragmatic Information using spontaneous reports of Anomalous Experiences of the Recurrent Spontaneous Psychokinesis -type. The study, which we believe is the first of its kind, involved collaboration amongst over sixty individual researchers and centres for parapsychological research in Europe and elsewhere. Using a waiting-list design, over a two-year period collaborators asked members of the public who presented with AEs to participate in the web-based questionnaire study before (...)
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  38. added 2019-06-16
    How Images Creates Us: Imagination and the Unity of Self-Consciousness.Paul Crowther - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):101-123.
    This paper offers a phenomenology of the structure and scope of imagination's cognitive significance. It does so through discussing the unifying role of imagination in self-consciousness, and then the way in which this role is continued through the making of pictures in physical media such as drawing and painting. The study begins with discussion of four key features in terms of which imagination is often characterized. Particular emphasis is assigned to the quasi-sensory aspect. Part one then explains imagination as a (...)
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  39. added 2019-06-16
    Is Attention Necessary and Sufficient for Phenomenal Consciousness?John Taylor - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):173-194.
    There has recently been a flurry of interest over how attention and phenomenal consciousness interact. Felipe De Brigard and Jesse Prinz have made the bold claim that attention is necessary and sufficient for phenomenal consciousness. If this turns out to be true, then we will have taken significant steps toward naturalizing the mind, which is a particularly exciting prospect. Against this position, several thinkers have presented empirical data which apparently show that consciousness is possible in the absence of attention, and (...)
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  40. added 2019-06-16
    Precis of The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, & Higher-Order Thoughts.Rocco Gennaro - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):6-30.
    My overall goal in The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts is to solve what I take to be a paradox with regard to holding a series of interrelated theses, including a version of the higher-order thought theory of consciousness which says that what makes a mental state conscious is that there is a suitable higher-order thought directed at the mental state. Higher-order thoughts are metapsychological or meta-cognitive states, that is, mental states directed at other mental states. This theory (...)
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  41. added 2019-06-16
    Rival Views of Consciousness and Self-Awareness.Robert Van Gulick - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):51-68.
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  42. added 2019-06-16
    A Problem of Intimacy: Commentary on Rocco Gennaro's The Consciousness Paradox.Josh Weisberg - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (11-12):69-81.
    First, I want to start off by saying that The Consciousness Paradox is a wonderful book: well written, strongly argued, and impressively thorough. This is no great surprise, given the quality we've come to expect from Rocco Gennaro over the years, but it is a great thing to have a canonical statement of his view in one place and to have so many of the details of his theory of consciousness filled in. I also want to express my honour at (...)
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  43. added 2019-06-15
    Collapsed Ideas: An Inquiry Into Dogmatic Entities.Marc Burock - manuscript
    The philosophical content of this work revolves around the following metaphor: -/- Suppose an organism is growing within your body and spreading nano-sized tentacles through your muscles and into your heart, lungs, bowels, and brain; and that this parasite binds with your organs, co-opts the organs for its own use, and more, makes your organs dependent upon the parasite for their survival and functioning. Suppose destroying any tendril of the parasite causes it to infiltrate the body faster, to consume more (...)
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  44. added 2019-06-15
    How Reasoning Aims at Truth.David Horst - forthcoming - Noûs.
    Many hold that theoretical reasoning aims at truth. In this paper, I ask what it is for reasoning to be thus aim-directed. Standard answers to this question explain reasoning’s aim-directedness in terms of intentions, dispositions, or rule-following. I argue that, while these views contain important insights, they are not satisfactory. As an alternative, I introduce and defend a novel account: reasoning aims at truth in virtue of being the exercise of a distinctive kind of cognitive power, one that, unlike ordinary (...)
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  45. added 2019-06-15
    The World-Directedness of Emotional Feeling: On Affect and Intentionality.Jean Moritz Müller - forthcoming - Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book engages with what are widely recognized as the two core dimensions of emotion. When we are afraid, glad or disappointed, we feel a certain way; moreover, our emotion is intentional or directed at something: we are afraid of something, glad or disappointed about something. Connecting with a vital strand of recent philosophical thinking, I conceive of these two aspects of emotion as unified. Examining different possible ways of developing the view that the feeling dimension of emotion is itself (...)
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  46. added 2019-06-15
    Response-Dependent Normative Properties and the Epistemic Account of Emotion.Jean Moritz Müller - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry.
    It is popular to hold that our primary epistemic access to specific response-dependent properties like the fearsome or admirable (or so-called ‘affective properties’) is constituted by the corresponding emotion. I argue that this view is incompatible with a widely held meta-ethical view, according to which affective properties have deontic force. More specifically, I argue that this view cannot accommodate for the requirement that deontic entities provide guidance. If affective properties are to guide the formation of the corresponding emotion, our primary (...)
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  47. added 2019-06-15
    Appearances and Illusions.Gianfranco Soldati - 2018 - Phänomenologische Forschungen 2.
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  48. added 2019-06-14
    Review: Socially Extended Epistemology. [REVIEW]Joshua Habgood-Coote - 2019 - Metascience 1:1-7.
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  49. added 2019-06-14
    Крим як Храмова гора.Ruslana Demchuk - 2016 - NaUKMA Research Papers. History and Theory of Culture 179:10-17.
    «Крим як Храмова гора» – новітній дискурс, артикульований російським президентом Путіним як ідеологічне прикриття анексії Криму 2014 р., що виступає пролонгацією «кримського міфу». Зазначений міф представлений дискурсами «Легендарний Севастополь» у радянський та «Крим наш» у пострадянський періоди. Компенсаторні дискурси започатковано трагічними подіями Кримської війни (1853–1856 рр.) як сублімація посттравматичної ментальності, обумовлена низкою військових та політичних поразок Росії на території Кримського півострова. Експресивні репрезентації образу Севастополя через пісенний інтертекст, передусім, стосуються російської «сакральної географії». Таким чином, тривалий «севастопольський» дискурс структурувався як антиукраїнський, (...)
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  50. added 2019-06-13
    Descartes’s Anti-Transparency and the Need for Radical Doubt.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5 (41):1083-1129.
    Descartes is widely portrayed as the arch proponent of “the epistemological transparency of thought” (or simply, “Transparency”). The most promising version of this view—Transparency-through-Introspection—says that introspecting (i.e., inwardly attending to) a thought guarantees certain knowledge of that thought. But Descartes rejects this view and provides numerous counterexamples to it. I argue that, instead, Descartes’s theory of self-knowledge is just an application of his general theory of knowledge. According to his general theory, certain knowledge is acquired only through clear and distinct (...)
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1 — 50 / 227