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  1. added 2019-01-21
    Mathematical Electron Model and the SI Unit 2017 Special Adjustment.Malcolm J. Macleod - manuscript
    Following the 26th General Conference on Weights and Measures are fixed the numerical values of the 4 physical constants ($h, c, e, k_B$). This is premised on the independence of these constants. This article discusses a model of a mathematical electron from which can be defined the Planck units as geometrical objects (mass M=1, time T=2$\pi$ ...). In this model these objects are interrelated via this electron geometry such that once we have assigned values to 2 Planck units then we (...)
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  2. added 2019-01-11
    Celestial Chaos: The New Logics of Theory-Testing in Orbital Dynamics.Isaac Wilhelm - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
    I explore how the nature, scope, and limits of the knowledge obtained in orbital dynamics has changed in recent years. Innovations in the design of spacecraft trajectories, as well as in astronomy, have led to new logics of theory-testing—that is, new research methodologies—in orbital dynamics. These methodologies—which combine resonance overlap theories, numerical experiments, and the implementation of space missions—were developed in response to the discovery of chaotic dynamical systems in our solar system. In the past few decades, they have replaced (...)
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  3. added 2018-12-03
    Electromagnetic and Gravitational Pictures of the World.Sergey G. Fedosin - 2007 - Apeiron 14 (4):385-413.
    The review of the theory of electromagnetic field together with the special and general theories of relativity has been made. The similar theory of gravitation has been presented which has the property of Lorentz-invariancy in its own representation in which the information is transferred at the speed of propagation of the gravitational field. Generalization of the specified gravitation theory on noninertial reference systems has been made with the help of the mathematical apparatus of the general relativity. It allows to avoid (...)
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  4. added 2018-11-20
    Analytic Metaphysics Versus Naturalized Metaphysics: The Relevance of Applied Ontology.Baptiste Le Bihan & Adrien Barton - 2018 - Erkenntnis:1-17.
    The relevance of analytic metaphysics has come under criticism: Ladyman & Ross, for instance, have suggested do discontinue the field. French & McKenzie have argued in defense of analytic metaphysics that it develops tools that could turn out to be useful for philosophy of physics. In this article, we show first that this heuristic defense of metaphysics can be extended to the scientific field of applied ontology, which uses constructs from analytic metaphysics. Second, we elaborate on a parallel by French (...)
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  5. added 2018-10-08
    On Separating Predictability and Determinism.Robert Bishop - 2003 - Erkenntnis 58 (2):169-188.
    There has been a long-standing debate about the relationship of predictability and determinism. Some have maintained that determinism implies predictability while others have maintained that predictability implies determinism. Many have maintained that there are no implication relations between determinism and predictability. This summary is, of course, somewhat oversimplified and quick at least in the sense that there are various notions of determinism and predictability at work in the philosophical literature. In this essay I will focus on what I take to (...)
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  6. added 2018-09-07
    The Deep Metaphysics of Space: An Alternative History and Ontology Beyond Substantivalism and Relationism.Edward Slowik - 2016 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
    This volume explores the inadequacies of the two standard conceptions of space or spacetime, substantivalism and relationism, and in the process, proposes a new historical interpretation of these physical theories. This book also examines and develops alternative ontological conceptions of space, such as the property theory of space and emergent spacetime hypotheses, and explores additional historical elements of seventeenth century theories and other metaphysical themes. Readers will learn about specific problems with the substantivalism versus relationism dichotomy. First, Newton and Leibniz (...)
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  7. added 2018-09-06
    Super-Humeanism: Insufficiently Naturalistic and Insufficiently Explanatory.Alastair Wilson - 2018 - Metascience 27 (3):427-431.
  8. added 2018-08-20
    The Integral Construct of Science.Joseph Krecz - manuscript
    A number of general theories of physics provide a model for the fundamental rules that govern our universe, becoming a structural framework to which the new discoveries must conform. The theory of relativity is such a general theory. The theory of relativity is a complex theoretical framework that facilitates the understanding of the universal laws of physics. It is based on the curved space-time continuum fabric abstract concept, and it is well suited for interpreting cosmic events. More so, a general (...)
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  9. added 2018-08-19
    The Legitimate Route to the Scientific Truth.Joseph Krecz - manuscript
    We leave in a beautiful and uniform world, a world where everything probable is possible. Since the epic theory of relativity many scientists have embarked in a pursuit of astonishing theoretical fantasies, abandoning the prudent and logical path to scientific inquiry. The theory is a complex theoretical framework that facilitates the understanding of the universal laws of physics. It is based on the space-time continuum fabric abstract concept, and it is well suited for interpreting cosmic events. However, it is not (...)
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  10. added 2018-08-17
    Composite Time Concept for Quantum Mechanics and Bio-Psychology.Franz Klaus Jansen - 2018 - Philosophy Study 8 (2):49-66.
    Time has multiple aspects and is difficult to define as one unique entity, which therefore led to multiple interpretations in physics and philosophy. However, if the perception of time is considered as a composite time concept, it can be decomposed into basic invariable components for the perception of progressive and support-fixed time and into secondary components with possible association to unit-defined time or tense. Progressive time corresponds to Bergson’s definition of duration without boundaries, which cannot be divided for measurements. Time (...)
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  11. added 2018-07-30
    The Legitimate Route to the Scientific Truth.Joseph Krecz - manuscript
    We leave in a beautiful and uniform world, a world where everything probable is possible. The human have became a dominant component of life form on earth for some time. We realized that intellectual inquiry can have practical outcome, and the humans list of achievements are enormous and impressive. The burning of organic matter for extracting energy has been a constant and ever increasing source of pollution, we are still doing it. The amazing human intellect has proved capable of amazing (...)
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  12. added 2018-07-21
    Whitehead und Russell zur Philosophie der Materie.Leemon McHenry - forthcoming - In Christoph Kann & Dennis Sölch (eds.), Whitehead und Russell. Freiburg/München:
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  13. added 2018-07-21
    From Physics to Metaphysics by Michael Redhead. [REVIEW]Leemon McHenry - 1996 - Philosophy in Review 16 (1):48-50.
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  14. added 2018-07-20
    Whitehead and Russell on the Analysis of Matter.Leemon McHenry - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 71:321-342.
    While Whitehead and Russell’s collaboration on the foundations of mathematics ended with the publication of Principia Mathematica, both philosophers separately developed a philosophy of physics in the 1920s that was based on the revolutionary advances in modern physics. This essay explores the affinities and contrasts in Whitehead and Russell’s event ontology as a metaphysical foundation of physics and demonstrates the influence of Whitehead’s method of extensive abstraction on Russell’s metaphysics and epistemology.
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  15. added 2018-07-20
    The Event Universe: The Revisionary Metaphysics of Alfred North Whitehead.Leemon McHenry - 2015 - Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
    In this monograph, I argue that Whitehead's metaphysics provides a more adequate basis for achieving a unification of physical theory than a traditional substance metaphysics. I investigates the influence of Maxwell's electromagnetic field, Einstein's theory of relativity and quantum mechanics on the development of the ontology of events and compares Whitehead’s theory to his contemporaries, C. D. Broad and Bertrand Russell, as well as another key proponent of this theory, W. V. Quine. In this manner, I defend the naturalized and (...)
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  16. added 2018-07-20
    A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes by Stephen Hawking. [REVIEW]Leemon McHenry - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 46:626-628.
  17. added 2018-07-02
    Causality and Prediction in Modern Cosmology.Mokhtari Mahmoud & Golshani Mahdi - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 10 (19):352-378.
    The modern cosmology is based on the observational evidences, but several philosophical principles and metaphysical prejudices play an undeniable role in it. This paper surveys some important attitudes such as causality, prediction, determinism etc. in the general relativity and cosmology. The general relativity is a deterministic theory and is applied in prediction of the universe large-scale evolution. However, the acceleration of the universe, noticed at the end of last century, leads to a revolutionary view in the prediction in the cosmology. (...)
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  18. added 2018-06-22
    Philosophie der Physik.Michael Esfeld (ed.) - 2012
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  19. added 2018-06-05
    Consideration of Symmetry in the Concept of Space Through the Notions of Balance and Equivalence.Ruth Castillo - 2016 - Episteme NS: Revista Del Instituto de Filosofía de la Universidad Central de Venezuela 36 (1):61-70.
    The notion of space is one of the most discussed within classical physics concepts. The works of Copernicus and Galileo, as well as Gassendi´s ideas led to Newton to regard it as substance. This conception of space, allows the notion of symmetry is present in an indirect or implied, within the laws of physics, formed through the notions of equivalence and balance. The aim of this study is to identify the symmetry, through such notions, under the study of indistinction between (...)
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  20. added 2018-06-04
    Sotsiaalteaduste teaduslikkusest. Rein Taagepera, Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models.Ave Mets - 2009 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (1):112-134.
    Physics has for a long time been regarded as the most mature of all sciences due to strict mathematically formulated laws of physics and success of theories in applications, for which it has been taken as the example of scientificity which other sciences should strive towards. Just what aspect of physics it is that is regarded as the cause of its success and hence the yardstick of scientificity – this question has given rise to differing opinions. In his book Making (...)
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  21. added 2018-05-16
    From Physics to Metaphysics Michael Redhead Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, Xiii + 87 Pp. [REVIEW]Michael Kernaghan - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (3):630-.
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  22. added 2018-04-04
    The World is an Autology Derived From All Tautologies.Alexandre Harvey Tremblay - manuscript
    We report a mathematical construction that is autological, universal and tautological. The autological property allows the derivation of the laws of physics from the construction, while the other two properties explain why the construction is universally and necessarily applicable to the world. The construction can explain the World at its most fundamental level up to and including the derivation of the familiar laws of physics. It is formulated as a statistical ensemble of feasible mathematics (an algorithmic information theory analog to (...)
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  23. added 2018-03-03
    Ontic Structural Realism and Quantum Field Theory: Are There Intrinsic Properties at the Most Fundamental Level of Reality?Philipp Berghofer - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:176-188.
    Ontic structural realism refers to the novel, exciting, and widely discussed basic idea that the structure of physical reality is genuinely relational. In its radical form, the doctrine claims that there are, in fact, no objects but only structure, i.e., relations. More moderate approaches state that objects have only relational but no intrinsic properties. In its most moderate and most tenable form, ontic structural realism assumes that at the most fundamental level of physical reality there are only relational properties. This (...)
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  24. added 2018-02-17
    Physical Composition.Richard Healey - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (1):48-62.
    Atomistic metaphysics motivated an explanatory strategy which science has pursued with great success since the scientific revolution. By decomposing matter into its atomic and subatomic parts physics gave us powerful explanations and accurate predictions as well as providing a unifying framework for the rest of science. The success of the decompositional strategy has encouraged a widespread conviction that the physical world forms a compositional hierarchy that physics and other sciences are progressively articulating. But this conviction does not stand up to (...)
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  25. added 2018-02-17
    Il Confronto Tra la "Metafisica" Aristotelica E la Nuova Speculazione Bruniana.Stefano Ulliana (ed.) - 2012 - Www.Simplicissimus.It.
    La rivoluzionarietà della speculazione bruniana si esercita nei confronti della tradizione di alcuni testi aristotelici fondamentali nella trasmissione del pensiero e della civiltà occidentale. In modo principale essa attacca e demolisce i capisaldi della "Metafisica" di Aristotele, per poter cominciare ad affermare - o, se si vuole, a riaffermare - il principio dell'infinito creativo e doppiamente dialettico. Il breve saggio segue la formulazione e lo sviluppo progressivo del testo aristotelico attraverso la critica esposta dalla riflessione bruniana. Alla fine viene presentata (...)
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  26. added 2018-02-17
    Do Newton’s Rules of Reasoning Guarantee Truth … Must They?Quayshawn Spencer - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (4):759-782.
    Newton’s Principia introduces four rules of reasoning for natural philosophy. Although useful, there is a concern about whether Newton’s rules guarantee truth. After redirecting the discussion from truth to validity, I show that these rules are valid insofar as they fulfill Goodman’s criteria for inductive rules and Newton’s own methodological program of experimental philosophy; provided that cross-checks are used prior to applications of rule 4 and immediately after applications of rule 2 the following activities are pursued: (1) research addressing observations (...)
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  27. added 2018-01-05
    Priority Monism Beyond Spacetime.Baptiste Le Bihan - 2018 - Metaphysica 19 (1):95-111.
    I will defend two claims. First, Schaffer's priority monism is in tension with many research programs in quantum gravity. Second, priority monism can be modified into a view more amenable to this physics. The first claim is grounded in the fact that promising approaches to quantum gravity such as loop quantum gravity or string theory deny the fundamental reality of spacetime. Since fundamental spacetime plays an important role in Schaffer's priority monism by being identified with the fundamental structure, namely the (...)
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  28. added 2017-12-21
    Against Comparativism About Mass in Newtonian Gravity - a Case Study in the Metaphysics of Scale.Niels C. M. Martens - 2017 - Dissertation, University of Oxford
    This thesis concerns the metaphysics of scale. It investigates the implications of a physical determinable being dimensionful. In particular, it considers the case study of mass, as it features within Newtonian Gravity. Nevertheless, most of the terminology, methodology and arguments developed should be relatively straightforwardly applicable to other determinables and theories. -/- Weak Absolutism about mass holds that mass ratios obtain in virtue of absolute masses. Weak Comparativism denies this. In the first five chapters I argue in favour of Weak (...)
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  29. added 2017-10-19
    Poincaré, Philosopher of Science - Problems and Perspectives. [REVIEW]Andre Carli Philot - 2014 - Kairos. Revista de Filosofia and Ciência 10:111-116.
    The book Poincaré, Philosopher of Science – Problems and Perspectives, edited by María de Paz and Robert DiSalle, is the result of various colloquia and conferences organized by the Portuguese project bearing the same name. The project, initiated by University of Lisbon, brought together scholars of many different countries to speak about the three main philosophical facets of Henri Poincaré: as a philosopher of science in general, as a philosopher of mathematics, and as a philosopher of physics.
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  30. added 2017-10-04
    Quantum Mechanics: Observer and von Neumann Chain.Michele Caponigro - manuscript
    In this brief paper, we argue about the conceptual relationship between the role of observer in quantum mechanics and the von Neumann Chain. -/- .
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  31. added 2017-07-24
    LA CONSIDERACIÓN DE LA SIMETRÍA DENTRO DEL CONCEPTO DE ESPACIO ABSOLUTO A TRAVÉS DE LAS NOCIONES DE EQUILIBRIO Y EQUIVALENCIA.Ruth Castillo - 2016 - Episteme NS: Revista Del Instituto de Filosofía de la Universidad Central de Venezuela 36.
    La noción de espacio representa una de las concepciones más discutidas dentro de la física clásica. Los trabajos de Copérnico y Galileo, así como las ideas de Gassendi, condujeron a Newton a considerarlo como sustancia. Esta concepción del espacio, permite que la noción de simetría se presente de una forma indirecta o implícita, dentro de las leyes de la física, a través de las nociones de equivalencia y equilibrio. El objetivo de este trabajo es la de identificar la simetría, a (...)
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  32. added 2017-07-14
    Reductionism and the Universal Calculus.Gopal Sarma - 2016 - Arxiv Preprint Arxiv:1607.06725.
    In the seminal essay, "On the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in the physical sciences," physicist Eugene Wigner poses a fundamental philosophical question concerning the relationship between a physical system and our capacity to model its behavior with the symbolic language of mathematics. In this essay, I examine an ambitious 16th and 17th-century intellectual agenda from the perspective of Wigner's question, namely, what historian Paolo Rossi calls "the quest to create a universal language." While many elite thinkers pursued related ideas, the (...)
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  33. added 2017-06-21
    Popular Arguments for Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity.Patrick Mackenzie - manuscript
    It is argued that two of the standard arguments that have been put forth in support of Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity do not support that theory and are quite compatible with what might be called an updated and perhaps even an enlightened Newtonian view of the Universe.
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  34. added 2017-06-06
    Our Fundamental Physical Space: An Essay on the Metaphysics of the Wave Function.Eddy Keming Chen - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (7):333-365.
    The mathematical structure of realist quantum theories has given rise to a debate about how our ordinary 3-dimensional space is related to the 3N-dimensional configuration space on which the wave function is defined. Which of the two spaces is our (more) fundamental physical space? I review the debate between 3N-Fundamentalists and 3D-Fundamentalists and evaluate it based on three criteria. I argue that when we consider which view leads to a deeper understanding of the physical world, especially given the deeper topological (...)
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  35. added 2017-05-10
    Reformulation of Dirac’s Theory of Electron to Avoid Negative Energy or Negative Time Solution.Biswaranjan Dikshit - 2017 - Journal of Theoretical Physics and Cryptography 13:1-4.
    Dirac’s relativistic theory of electron generally results in two possible solutions, one with positive energy and other with negative energy. Although positive energy solutions accurately represented particles such as electrons, interpretation of negative energy solution became very much controversial in the last century. By assuming the vacuum to be completely filled with a sea of negative energy electrons, Dirac tried to avoid natural transition of electron from positive to negative energy state using Pauli’s exclusion principle. However, many scientists like Bohr (...)
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  36. added 2017-05-04
    Prolegomena to Any Future Physics-Based Metaphysics.Bradley Monton - 2008 - In Jon Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume III. Oxford University Press.
    Metaphysicians sometimes appeal to physics to establish claims about the fundamental nature of the world. But given the current state of inquiry in physics, where there are two most fundamental theories that are incompatible, such arguments of physics-based metaphysics are problematic. I support this line of thought by focussing on two sorts of problematic arguments, special-relativity-based arguments against presentism and big-bang-based arguments in favor of the existence of God. I am not arguing that physics-based metaphysics can’t be done; I am (...)
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  37. added 2017-02-16
    Beyond the Edge of Certainty: Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy.Robert G. Colodny - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (2):249-252.
  38. added 2017-02-15
    Frontiers of Fundamental Physics.T. E. Phipps - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26:1567-1571.
  39. added 2017-02-15
    The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 1. The Early Years, 1879–1902. [REVIEW]John Hendry - 1988 - British Journal for the History of Science 21 (2):262-262.
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  40. added 2017-02-15
    Philosophy and the New Physics. [REVIEW]C. W. Kilmister - 1984 - British Journal for the History of Science 17 (2):223-224.
  41. added 2017-02-15
    Physics and Politics. [REVIEW]T. E. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (3):535-535.
  42. added 2017-02-15
    The Language of Modern Physics: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]K. B. L. - 1957 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (4):720-721.
  43. added 2017-02-14
    Advancing the Philosophy of Physics.Dean Rickles - 2008 - In The Ashgate Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Physics. Ashgate. pp. 4--15.
  44. added 2017-02-14
    Stoic Natural Philosophy (Physics and Cosmology).Michael J. White - 2003 - In Brad Inwood (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 142.
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  45. added 2017-02-14
    Zygmunt Chylinski-Physics and Philosophy.Jozef Misiek - 2001 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 74:223-232.
  46. added 2017-02-14
    Section 1 The Philosophy of Physics JD Trout.J. D. Trout - 1991 - In Richard Boyd, Philip Gasper & J. D. Trout (eds.), The Philosophy of Science. MIT Press. pp. 463.
  47. added 2017-02-14
    Physics as Natural Philosophy: Essays in Honor of Laszlo Tisza on His Seventy-Fifth Birthday.Abner Shimony & Herman Feshbach (eds.) - 1982 - MIT Press.
  48. added 2017-02-13
    The Reasons of the Rise of Analytical Philosophy.M. Zouhar - 2003 - Filozofia 58 (4):259-271.
    The paper aims at the identification of the most important events that are vital for the development of the analytical philosophy. The role of modern logic is well-known in this connection, but it is argued that there is another occurrence relevant in this respect, i. e. the rise of modern physics. Unlike the philosophical physics, its predecessor, the modern physics utilizes mathematical apparatus, and thus both of them can achieve better results and be a measure of scientific rationality. The role (...)
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  49. added 2017-02-13
    The Entity and Modern Physics.Diederik Aerts - 1998 - In Elena Castellani (ed.), Interpreting Bodies. Princeton University Press. pp. 223--257.
  50. added 2017-02-13
    Physics and Philosophy: Selected Essays.Peter J. Clark & Henry Margenau - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (118):82.
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