Philosophy of Psychology

Edited by Mitchell Herschbach (California State University, Northridge)
Assistant editor: Michelle Thomas (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. Review of Charlie Kurth's The Anxious Mind: An Investigation Into the Varieties and Virtues of Anxiety. [REVIEW]Daniel Kelly - forthcoming - Ethics.
    Kurth wants us to understand and appreciate our anxiety more than we typically do. His concise and crisply written monograph makes a good case that we should. It deepens our understanding of what anxiety is, and of how it animates different facets of our mental and moral lives. The case he builds that, roughly, anxiety is one of the brain’s ways of affectively signaling and responding to uncertainty is clearly argued and meticulously organized. Kurth hits the targets he sets for (...)
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  2. Taking Social Psychology Out of Context.Michael Brownstein, Daniel Kelly & Alex Madva - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
    We endorse Cesario’s call for more research into the complexities of “real-world” decisions and the comparative power of different causes of group disparities. Unfortunately, these reasonable suggestions are overshadowed by a barrage of non sequiturs, misdirected criticisms of methodology, and unsubstantiated claims about the assumptions and inferences of social psychologists.
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  3. Values in Psychometrics.Lisa D. Wijsen, Denny Borsboom & Anna Alexandrova - forthcoming - Perspectives on Psychological Science.
    When it originated in the late 19th century, psychometrics was a field with both a scientific and a social mission: psychometrics provided new methods for research into individual differences, and at the same time, these psychometric instruments were considered a means to create a new social order. In contrast, contemporary psychometrics - due to its highly technical nature and its limited involvement in substantive psychological research - has created the impression of being a value-free discipline. In this article, we develop (...)
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  4. Is Blindsight Possible Under Signal Detection Theory? Comment on Phillips (2021).Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (3):585-591.
    Phillips argues that blindsight is due to response criterion artefacts under degraded conscious vision. His view provides alternative explanations for some studies, but may not work well when one considers several key findings in conjunction. Empirically, not all criterion effects are decidedly non-perceptual. Awareness is not completely abolished for some stimuli, in some patients. But in other cases, it was clearly impaired relative to the corresponding visual sensitivity. This relative dissociation is what makes blindsight so important and interesting.
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  5. Bias and Blindsight: A Reply to Michel and Lau (2021).Ian Phillips - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (3):592-595.
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  6. Blindsight is Qualitatively Degraded Conscious Vision.Ian Phillips - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (3):558-584.
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  7. Against Teleological Essentialism.Eleonore Neufeld - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (4):e12961.
    In two recent papers, Rose and Nichols present evidence in favor of the view that humans represent category essences in terms of a telos, such as honey-making, and not in terms of scientific essences, such as bee DNA. In this paper, I challenge their interpretation of the evidence, and show that it is directly predicted by the main theory they seek to undermine. I argue that their results can be explained as instances of diagnostic reasoning about scientific essences.
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  8. The Relevance of the Philosophy of Psychology to a Science of Psychology.Rom Harre - 2005 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oup Usa.
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  9. Fearful Object Seeing.Felipe Nogueira de Carvalho - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10:1-18.
    What is it like to perceive a feared object? According to a popular neo-Gibsonian theory in psychology, fear biases our perceptions of objects so as to encourage particular kinds of actions: when we are afraid, spiders may be perceived as physically closer than they are in order to promote fleeing. Firestone mounted severe criticisms against this view, arguing that these cases are better explained by non-perceptual biases that operate on accurate perceptions of the external environment. In this paper I will (...)
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  10. The Number Sense Represents (Rational) Numbers.Sam Clarke & Jacob Beck - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-32.
    On a now orthodox view, humans and many other animals possess a “number sense,” or approximate number system (ANS), that represents number. Recently, this orthodox view has been subject to numerous critiques that question whether the ANS genuinely represents number. We distinguish three lines of critique—the arguments from congruency, confounds, and imprecision—and show that none succeed. We then provide positive reasons to think that the ANS genuinely represents numbers, and not just non-numerical confounds or exotic substitutes for number, such as (...)
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  11. The Nature of Desire.Panos Theodorou - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (3):448-452.
  12. Editorial: Replicability in Cognitive Science.Brent Strickland & Helen De Cruz - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 12 (1):1-7.
  13. ‘We Have Come to Be Destroyed’: The ‘Extraordinary’ Child in Science Fiction Cinema in Early Cold War Britain.Laura Tisdall - forthcoming - History of the Human Sciences:095269512097734.
    Depictions of children in British science fiction and horror films in the early 1960s introduced a new but dominant trope: the ‘extraordinary’ child. Extraordinary children, I suggest, are disturbing because they violate expected developmental norms, drawing on discourses from both the ‘psy’ sciences and early neuroscience. This post-war trope has been considered by film and literature scholars in the past five years, but this existing work tends to present the extraordinary child as an American phenomenon, and links these depictions to (...)
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  14. How the Body Narrows the Interaction with the Environment.Marcello Costantini & Mog Stapleton - 2016 - In Yann Coello & Martin Fischer (eds.), Foundations of embodied cognition: Perceptual and emotional embodiment. pp. 181-197.
    Embodiment matters to perception and action. Beyond the triviality that, under normal circumstances, we need a body in order to perceive the world and act in it, our particular embodiment, right here, right now, both enables and constrains our perception of possibilities for action. In this chapter, we provide empirical support for the idea that the structural and morphological features of the body can narrow the set of our possible interactions with the environment by shaping the way we perceive the (...)
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  15. When Time Becomes Personal. Aging and Personal Identity.Christian Sternad - 2021 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 20 (2):311-319.
    Aging is an integral part of human existence. The problem of aging addresses the most fundamental coordinates of our lives but also the ones of the phenomenological method: time, embodiment, subjectivity and intersubjectivity, and even the social norms that grow into the very notion of aging as such. In my article, I delineate a phenomenological analysis of aging and show how such an analysis connects with the debate concerning personal identity: I claim that aging is not merely a physical process, (...)
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  16. The Roots of Racial Categorization.Ben Phillips - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-25.
    I examine the origins of ordinary racial thinking. In doing so, I argue against the thesis that it is the byproduct of a unique module (e.g. a folk-biology module). Instead, I defend a pluralistic thesis according to which different forms of racial thinking are driven by distinct mechanisms, each with their own etiology. I begin with the belief that visible features are diagnostic of race. I argue that the mechanisms responsible for face recognition have an important, albeit delimited, role to (...)
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  17. Interpretational Complexities in Developmental Research and a Piagetian Reading of the False-Belief Task.Alla Choifer - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-30.
    Theorizing about children’s early development is beset with interpretational complexities. I argue that there is a general tendency to over-interpret the experimental findings, and that one of the main causes of this is the difficulty of disengaging from our adult frame of reference when theorizing about the young child’s mind. One domain where this holds is children’s ability to differentiate themselves from others. In relation to this I first critically analyze some cases of interpretational complexities, and then apply my methodological (...)
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  18. Semantics of Pictorial Space.Gabriel Greenberg - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1.
    A semantics of pictorial representation should provide an account of how pictorial signs are associated with the contents they express. Unlike the familiar semantics of spoken languages, this problem has a distinctively spatial cast for depiction. Pictures themselves are two-dimensional artifacts, and their contents take the form of pictorial spaces, perspectival arrangements of objects and properties in three dimensions. A basic challenge is to explain how pictures are associated with the particular pictorial spaces they express. Inspiration here comes from recent (...)
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  19. CUE: A Unified Spiking Neuron Model of Short-Term and Long-Term Memory.Jan Gosmann & Chris Eliasmith - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (1):104-124.
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  20. Is Predictive Processing a Theory of Perceptual Consciousness?Tomas Marvan & Marek Havlík - 2021 - New Ideas in Psychology 61 (21).
    Predictive Processing theory, hotly debated in neuroscience, psychology and philosophy, promises to explain a number of perceptual and cognitive phenomena in a simple and elegant manner. In some of its versions, the theory is ambitiously advertised as a new theory of conscious perception. The task of this paper is to assess whether this claim is realistic. We will be arguing that the Predictive Processing theory cannot explain the transition from unconscious to conscious perception in its proprietary terms. The explanations offer (...)
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  21. A Role for Conscious Accessibility in Skilled Action.Chiara Brozzo - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-15.
    Skilled sportsmen or musicians—more generally, skilled agents—often fill us with awe with the way they perform their actions. One question we may ask ourselves is whether they intended to perform some awe-inspiring aspects of their actions. This question becomes all the more pressing as it often turns out that these agents were not conscious of some of those aspects at the time of performance. As I shall argue, there are reasons for suspecting lack of conscious access to an aspect of (...)
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  22. Dinî Tecrübe Delilinde Sezginin Yeri ve Önemi.Aysel Tan - 2019 - Malatya, Türkiye: İspec.
    Dinî tecrübe Friedrich Schleiermacher (ö.1768) ile önem kazanan ve William James’in (ö.1842) eserleriyle din felsefesinde teistik delillerin içine dahil olan bir delildir. Dini tecrübelerin birçok şekilde meydana geldiği iddia edilmektedir. Bunlardan biri de sezgidir. Bu bildirinin amacı sezgisel bilginin Tanrı’nın varlığına delil olup olmadığını ortaya koymaktır. Sezgisel yetenek, insanın fiziksel gelişimine (yani beyin) paralel olarak gelişen bir yetidir ve zihnin gelişmesiyle birlikte kapasitesi artmaktadır. Önce çocukta duygusal bir sezgi hakim iken (4-7 yaş), daha sonra çocuğun somut işlemlere geçmesiyle sezgisel yetenek (...)
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  23. Beyond Essentialist Fallacies: Fine‐Tuning Ideology Critique of Appeals to Biological Sex Differences.Rebekka Hufendiek - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    A recurring claim made by evolutionary psychologists is that their opponents neglect biological explanations as such for ideological reasons. I argue in this paper that this is a self-immunizing strategy that avoids serious engagement with existing critique by exploiting the long history of essentialist fallacies and anti-essentialist debunking arguments. To argue for this claim, I reconstruct the general form of the essentialist fallacy as well as the history of anti-essentialist debunking arguments and suggest that they play a central role in (...)
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  24. Cassandra’s Regret: The Psychology of Not Wanting to Know.Gerd Gigerenzer & Rocio Garcia-Retamero - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (2):179-196.
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  25. Understanding A.I. — Can and Should We Empathize with Robots?Susanne Schmetkamp - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (4):881-897.
    Expanding the debate about empathy with human beings, animals, or fictional characters to include human-robot relationships, this paper proposes two different perspectives from which to assess the scope and limits of empathy with robots: the first is epistemological, while the second is normative. The epistemological approach helps us to clarify whether we can empathize with artificial intelligence or, more precisely, with social robots. The main puzzle here concerns, among other things, exactly what it is that we empathize with if robots (...)
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  26. Love Is How You Stay Alive.Bright Brianna - manuscript
    My favorite quotes and lessons learned from the novel "Tuesday's With Morrie." I assert that love is how you stay alive or immortal. Additionally, love is a form of non-corporeal continuation, a lasting legacy.
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  27. The Skill of Translating Thought Into Action: Framing The Problem.Wayne Christensen - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-27.
    The nature of the cognition-motor interface has been brought to prominence by Butterfill & Sinigaglia, who argue that the representations employed by the cognitive and motor systems should not be able to interact with each other. Here I argue that recent empirical evidence concerning the interface contradicts several of the assumptions incorporated in Butterfill & Sinigaglia’s account, and I seek to develop a theoretical picture that will allow us to explain the structure of the interface presented by this evidence. The (...)
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  28. Contents, Vehicles, and Complex Data Analysis in Neuroscience.Daniel Burnston - forthcoming - Synthese.
    The notion of representation in neuroscience has largely been predicated on localizing the components of computational processes that explain cognitive function. On this view, which I call “algorithmic homuncularism,” individual, spatially and temporally distinct parts of the brain serve as vehicles for distinct contents, and the causal relationships between them implement the transformations specified by an algorithm. This view has a widespread influence in philosophy and cognitive neuroscience, and has recently been ably articulated and defended by Shea (2018). Still, I (...)
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  29. Vividness as a Natural Kind.Uku Tooming & Kengo Miyazono - forthcoming - Synthese:1-21.
    Imaginings are often characterized in terms of vividness. However, there is little agreement in the philosophical literature as to what it amounts to and how to even investigate it. In this paper, we propose a natural kind methodology to study vividness and suggest treating it as a homeostatic property cluster with an underlying nature that explains the correlation of properties in that cluster. This approach relies on the empirical research on the vividness of mental imagery and contrasts with those accounts (...)
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  30. Review of Mazzon (2009): Interactive Dialogue Sequences in Middle English Drama. [REVIEW]Noam Reisner - 2011 - Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (1):181-185.
  31. Review of Mazzon (2009): Interactive Dialogue Sequences in Middle English Drama. [REVIEW]Noam Reisner - 2011 - Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (1):181-185.
  32. Review of Azuelos-Atias (2007): A Pragmatic Analysis of Legal Proofs of Criminal Intent. [REVIEW]Tal Havkin - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):203-213.
  33. Review of Lankshear & Knobel (2006): New Literacies: Everyday Practices and Classroom Learning. [REVIEW]Jyh Wee Sew - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (1):223-227.
  34. Review of Lankshear & Knobel (2006): New Literacies: Everyday Practices and Classroom Learning. [REVIEW]Jyh Wee Sew - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (1):223-227.
  35. Review of Perkins (2007): Pragmatic Impairment. [REVIEW]Cristina McKean - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (1):196-202.
  36. Review of Perkins (2007): Pragmatic Impairment. [REVIEW]Cristina McKean - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (1):196-202.
  37. Review of Gauntlett (2007): Creative Explorations: New Approaches to Identities and Audiences. [REVIEW]Jyh Wee Sew - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (1):219-222.
  38. Review of Kess & Miyamoto (1994): Japanese Psycholinguistics: A Classified and Annotated Research Bibliography. [REVIEW]Paul Osamu Takahara - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (2):400-404.
  39. Review of Kess & Miyamoto (1994): Japanese Psycholinguistics: A Classified and Annotated Research Bibliography. [REVIEW]Paul Osamu Takahara - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (2):400-404.
  40. Review of Holyoak & Thagard (1995): Mental Leaps: Analogy in Creative Thought. [REVIEW]Dedre Gentner & Arthur B. Markman - 1996 - Pragmatics and Cognition 4 (2):407-409.
  41. Review of Reimann & Spada (1996): Learning in Humans and Machines: Towards an Interdisciplinary Learning Science. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):381-382.
  42. Review of Reimann & Spada (1996): Learning in Humans and Machines: Towards an Interdisciplinary Learning Science. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):381-382.
  43. Review of Adamson (1996): Communication Development During Infancy. [REVIEW]Sharon Lotem-Armon - 2001 - Pragmatics and Cognition 9 (1):155-162.
  44. Review of Adamson (1996): Communication Development During Infancy. [REVIEW]Sharon Lotem-Armon - 2001 - Pragmatics and Cognition 9 (1):155-162.
  45. Review of Kess & Miyamoto (1999): The Japanese Mental Lexicon: Psycholinguistic Studies of Kana and Kanji Processing. [REVIEW]Yoshimi Miyake-Loh - 2001 - Pragmatics and Cognition 9 (1):162-165.
  46. Review of Matsui (2000): Bridging and Relevance. [REVIEW]Raymond W. Gibbs - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (1):191-196.
  47. Review of Matsui (2000): Bridging and Relevance. [REVIEW]Raymond W. Gibbs - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (1):191-196.
  48. Review of Klahr (2000): Exploring Science: The Cognition and Development of Discovery Processes. [REVIEW]Aharon Kantorovich - 2004 - Pragmatics and Cognition 12 (1):195-200.
  49. What Speakers Do and What Addressees Look At.Marianne Gullberg & Kenneth Holmqvist - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (1):53-82.
    This study investigates whether addressees visually attend to speakers’ gestures in interaction and whether attention is modulated by changes in social setting and display size. We compare a live face-to-face setting to two video conditions. In all conditions, the face dominates as a fixation target and only a minority of gestures draw fixations. The social and size parameters affect gaze mainly when combined and in the opposite direction from the predicted with fewer gestures fixated on video than live. Gestural holds (...)
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  50. Review of Candy (2005): Creativity and Cognition: Proceedings 2005. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (3):569-585.
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