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History/traditions: Philosophy of Race

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  1. Bliss Against the World: Schelling, Theodicy, and the Crisis of Modernity.Kirill Chepurin - forthcoming - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The concept of bliss, in its connotations of beatitude and salvation, may seem of little relevance to so-called secular modernity. Bliss Against the World argues otherwise by advancing a novel framework of the entanglement between modernity, Christianity, and bliss through the thought of German Idealist and Romantic philosopher Friedrich Schelling (1775–1854). In Schelling's concept of bliss (Seligkeit), the idea of salvation from the world mutates into a burning concern with the negativity of the modern world, and with the way modernity (...)
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  2. Critical Philosophy of Race: Essays. [REVIEW]Kevin J. Harrelson - 2024 - Critical Philosophy of Race 12 (2):401-418.
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  3. Baffled by human diversity.Jacob Zellmer - 2024 - Aeon.
    Popularized in the seventeenth-century, polygenism is the view that God created multiple first human progenitors. This article reassesses the seventeenth-century version of polygenism and argues that the idea played an important role in American anthropology and conceptions of race in later centuries.
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  4. Institutional Racism and Social Norms: On the Debate Between Rawls and Mills.Keunchang Oh - 2024 - Philosophia 52 (2).
    In this paper, I engage with the debate between John Rawls and Charles Mills. In the first part, relevant works by Rawls and Mills are mainly examined. To this end, I first begin by examining Rawls’s ideal theory of justice and its relevance to the issue of racism. I then consider Mills’s non-ideal critique of Rawls and supplement it with the help of the notion of social norms. Whereas Rawls’s view can deal with racial injustice as discrimination, in my view, (...)
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  5. Must the Subaltern Speak Publicly? Public Reason Liberalism and the Ethics of Fighting Severe Injustice.Gabriele Badano & Alasia Nuti - forthcoming - Journal of Politics.
    The victims of severe injustice are allowed to employ disruption and violence to seek political change. This article argues for this conclusion from within Rawlsian political liberalism, which, however, has been criticised for allegedly imposing public reason’s suffocating norms of civility on the oppressed. It develops a novel view of the applicability of public reason in non-ideal circumstances – the “no self-sacrifice view” – that focuses on the excessive costs of following public reason when suffering from severe injustice. On this (...)
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  6. Critically Analyzing Biko’s Views on Race & Racism.Nyakallo M. Makgoba - manuscript
    Drawing from the work of Mabogo More, this paper will attempt to present a comprehensive analysis of Steve Biko’s views on race and racism. The analysis will commence by reviewing and outlining the broad philosophical schools of thought regarding the conceptualization of race, and it’s relevance within society, namely; Racial Naturalism, Racial Nihilism or Skepticism, and Racial Constructivism. Subsequently, this paper will attempt to locate More’s interpretation of Biko’s views as being constructivist, despite the prevalence of non-racial, skeptical conceptions within (...)
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  7. Vieses Implícitos, Expansividade Branca e a Percepção Racializada do Espaço.Felipe Nogueira de Carvalho - 2024 - In Felipe Nogueira de Carvalho, Breno Augusto Costa, Rodrigo Marcos Jesus, Milena Oliveira Pires & Leonardo Rennó Santos (eds.), Libertação, Raça e Decolonialidade. Toledo, PR: Editora Quero Saber. pp. 79-101.
    Durante as últimas décadas, pesquisas empíricas em psicologia social têm mostrado uma influência significativa de vieses implícitos sobre o modo como pessoas negras são percebidas e categorizadas. Ainda não é claro, no entanto, que a mesma metodologia possa ser empregada para aferir a presença de vieses implícitos na percepção espacial. O objetivo deste artigo será argumentar que a percepção do espaço é também racialmente enviesada, embora não no mesmo sentido pressuposto por grande parte da psicologia empírica. De acordo com a (...)
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  8. Race, Gender, and the Civic Virtues: Creating a Flourishing Society.Robert Weston Siscoe - 2023 - The Prindle Post.
    When polarization occurs on issues of race and gender, political boundaries are increasingly drawn along racial and gendered lines. One approach to improving the current political climate is by focusing on education for the civic virtues. While talk of citizenship or civic virtue might sound quaint or old-fashioned, the civic virtues are simply the habits that citizens need to support a healthy, well-functioning political community. These virtues are especially critical for liberal democracies, as democratic nations ultimately depend on the political (...)
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  9. Touching the wounds of colonial duration: Fanon's anticolonial critical phenomenology.Alia Al-Saji - 2024 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 62 (1):2-23.
    I counter a tendency in critical phenomenology to read Frantz Fanon as derivative upon, indeed reducible to, other (European) phenomenologies, eliding the originality and contemporaneity of his method. I propose it is time to read phenomenology through Fanon, instead of centering analysis on his assumed debt to Maurice Merleau‐Ponty's body schema. Fanon reconfigures and ungrounds phenomenology in Peau noire, masques blancs (Black Skin, White Masks). I show how he creates his own method through an anticolonial phenomenology of touch and affect (...)
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  10. Taking race out of human genetics.Michael Yudell, Dorothy Roberts, Rob DeSalle & Sarah Tishkoff - 2016 - Science 351 (6273):564-565.
  11. Racial Formation in the United States, 3rd ed.Michael Omi & Howard Winant - 2014 - Routledge.
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  12. "But What Are You Really?": The Metaphysics of Race.Charles W. Mills - 2015 - In . pp. 41-66.
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  13. Race, Ethnicity, Biology, Culture.Philip Kitcher - 1999 - In . pp. 87-120.
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  14. What Is Race?: Four Philosophical Views.Joshua Glasgow, Sally Haslanger, Chike Jeffers & Quayshawn Spencer - 2019 - .
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  15. Destiny and Race: Selected Writings. 1819–1898.Alexander Crummell - 1992 - University of Massachusetts Press.
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  16. Race, Culture, Identity: Misunderstood Connections.Anthony Kwame Appiah - 1998 - In . pp. 30-105.
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  17. O letramento racial entre as relações sociais de poder em Frantz Fanon e para o bem das gerações futuras de Annette Baier.Mônica Parreiras - 2024 - Aufklärung 11 (1):191-204.
    This article has, as an end in itself, the latent and pulsating objective of serving as a tool for introductory awakening to the process of racial literacy. As a further objective, I seek to point out the importance of this process in the family, institutional and social spheres, in order to minimally incite people to an anti-racist education. To this end, I start from the precision of concepts related to literacy and literacy systems, working with some concepts that are part (...)
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  18. Dusk of dawn: an essay toward an autobiography of a race concept.William Edward Burghardt Du Bois - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    W. E. B. Du Bois was a public intellectual, sociologist, and activist on behalf of the African American community. He profoundly shaped black political culture in the United States through his founding role in the NAACP, as well as internationally through the Pan-African movement. Du Bois's sociological and historical research on African-American communities and culture broke ground in many areas, including the history of the post-Civil War Reconstruction period. Du Bois was also a prolific author of novels, autobiographical accounts, innumerable (...)
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  19. Discriminating Systems: Gender, Race, and Power in AI - Report.A. I. Now Institute - 2019 - Ai Now Institute.
  20. Racial and income‐based affirmative action in higher education admissions: Lessons from the Brazilian experience.Rodrigo Zeidan, Silvio Luiz de Almeida, Inácio Bó & Neil Lewis - forthcoming - Journal of Economic Surveys.
  21. On Seeing Long Shadows: Is Academic Medicine at its Core a Practice of Racial Oppression?Thomas S. Huddle - forthcoming - HEC Forum:1-19.
    Suggestions that academic medicine is systemically racist are increasingly common in the medical literature. Such suggestions often rely upon expansive notions of systemic racism that are deeply controversial. The author argues for an empirical concept of systemic racism and offers a counter argument to a recent suggestion that academic medicine is systemically racist in its treatment of medical trainees: Anderson et al.’s (Academic Medicine, 98(8S), S28–S36, 2023) “The Long Shadow: a Historical Perspective on Racism in Medical Education.” Contra the authors (...)
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  22. Addressing or reinforcing injustice? Artificial amnion and placenta technology, loss-sensitive care and racial inequities in preterm birth.Sophie L. Schott, Faith Fletcher, Alice Story & April Adams - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (5):316-317.
    Preterm birth is defined as delivery occurring before 37 weeks gestation.1 Infants born prematurely have increased risks of morbidity and mortality throughout life, especially during the first year. These risks increase as the gestational age at birth decreases.2 Additionally, there are significant racial and ethnic differences in preterm birth rates. In 2022, the rate of preterm birth among non-Hispanic black women was approximately 50% higher than that observed in non-Hispanic white women.1 The outcomes for these infants are also disparate–preterm birth (...)
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  23. Reimagining Black Masculinities and Public Space: Essays on Race, Gender and Social Activism.Tommy J. Curry (ed.) - 2020 - Lanham, MD 20706, USA:
  24. Race, Identity, Stereotyping and Voluntary Oppression.Roksana Alavi - 2010 - Global Virtue Ethics Review 6 (1):13-27.
    Many immigrants and their children ask themselves the question of identity. Often we allow others to identify us and colonize our consciousness. Once we are “given” our identities, we are then stereotyped because of them. We then reap the benefit, or the disadvantages of our stereotypes. In turn social stereotypes that surround us, further shape our self-identity and consequently, the decisions we make. If we have no other outlet or if we feel as though there are no other options, we (...)
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  25. Is culture essential to race?Michael O. Hardimon - forthcoming - Politics, Philosophy and Economics.
    I argue that culture is not essential to race by considering the strongest and most persuasive contemporary articulation of the view that culture is essential to race—that provided by Chike Jeffers I then argue for the possibility of conceiving of race without adverting to culture by presenting the minimalist conception of race I developed in Rethinking Race as an example of a conception of race that makes no reference to culture. I next show how the ancestry-related features of culture that (...)
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  26. How Have Presidents Addressed Race Since 1964?Emmanuel Levinas, Peter Atterton & Tamra Wright - 2019 - In Peter Atterton & Tamra Wright (eds.), Face to face with animals: Levinas and the animal question. Suny Press. pp. 3-9.
  27. Race.Christian Delacampagne - 2008 - In Jonathan Judaken (ed.), Race After Sartre: Antiracism, Africana Existentialism, Postcolonialism. State University of New York Press. pp. 99-111.
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  28. Identité, « race », liberté d’expression.Rachad Antonius & Normand Baillargeon (eds.) - 2011 - Les Presses de l’Université de Laval.
    En collaboration avec Marie-France Bazzo, Maka Kotto et plusieurs autres, voici un ouvrage qui traite de la liberté d’expression (que ce soit à propos du mot en n, ou de la pièce de théâtre SLAV), des débats sur le genre, ainsi que d’autres questions sociales fortement médiatisées qui ont provoqué un certain malaise dans la société.
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  29. Integrations: The Struggle for Racial Equality and Civic Renewal in Public Education; Larry Blum and Zoë Burkholder; University of Chicago Press, 2021, Pp. 280. [REVIEW]Sheron Fraser-Burgess - 2024 - Educational Theory 74 (2):264-273.
  30. Understanding Academic Freedom; Henry Reichman; Johns Hopkins University Press, 2021, Pp. 248. Challenges to Academic Freedom; Joseph L. Hermanowicz, ed.; Johns Hopkins University Press, 2021, Pp. 304. It's Not Free Speech: Race, Democracy, and the Future of Academic Freedom; Michael Bérubé and Jennifer Ruth; Johns Hopkins University Press, 2022, Pp. 304. [REVIEW]Alexis Gibbs - 2024 - Educational Theory 74 (2):274-288.
  31. Sartre's Critique of Patriarchy.Jonathan Webber - 2024 - French Studies 78 (1):72-88.
    Jean-Paul Sartre developed a sophisticated and insightful feminist critique of western society through two plays and two screenplays written between 1944 and 1946 –– Huis clos, Les Jeux sont faits, Typhus, and La Putain respectueuse. In these works, Sartre explores the relations between economic oppression, epistemic injustice, and misogynistic violence, diagnoses their root cause as the patriarchal norms of femininity and masculinity, and ascribes the power of those norms to bad faith and internalized oppression. This social critique, which includes a (...)
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  32. Book Review: Liberation for the Earth: Climate, Race and Cross by A. M. Ranawana. [REVIEW]Keunwoo Kwon - 2024 - Studies in Christian Ethics 37 (2):432-436.
  33. From Egocloism to Open Horizon: Navigating "The Race in a Case" for a More Inclusive World.Yu Chen - manuscript
    This article delves into the concept of "Egocloism," a term that amalgamates an inflated sense of self-importance ("ego") with a disposition towards isolation and resistance to external influences ("cloister"). It explores how this mindset manifests not only in individuals but also at the communal level, leading to insularity and a reluctance to embrace diversity and progress. Drawing inspiration from Anton Chekhov's narrative of "The Man in a Case," the article introduces the metaphor of "The Race in a Case" to critique (...)
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  34. Objectionable Commemorations, Historical Value, and Repudiatory Honouring.Ten-Herng Lai - 2024 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 102 (1):37-47.
    Many have argued that certain statues or monuments are objectionable, and thus ought to be removed. Even if their arguments are compelling, a major obstacle is the apparent historical value of those commemorations. Preservation in some form seems to be the best way to respect the value of commemorations as connections to the past or opportunities to learn important historical lessons. Against this, I argue that we have exaggerated the historical value of objectionable commemorations. Sometimes commemorations connect to biased or (...)
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  35. Critical philosophy of race: essays, by Robert Bernasconi.Kimberly Ann Harris - forthcoming - Mind.
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  36. Two Types of Neo-Kantianism. The Case of W. E. B. Du Bois’s and Alain L. Locke’s Race Theories.Massimo Cisternino - 2024 - Journal of Transcendental Philosophy 5 (1):29-41.
    The paper uses the Neo-Kantian distinction between Natural and Human sciences and its methodological implications to navigate W. E. B. Du Bois’s and Alain L. Locke’s theories of race. In tracing a continuity between these two figures, the paper also shows how their respective reliance on Neo-Kantian categories leads them to different results. The goal is to show how, while Du Bois’s Neo-Kantianism is best understood as a Diltheyan Neo-Kantianism of the psycho-physical unity of human nature influenced by an anti-metaphysical (...)
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  37. Slavery and Race: Philosophical Debates in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.Julia Jorati - 2024 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Slavery and Race: Philosophical Debates in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries explores philosophical ideas, theories, and arguments that are central to early modern discussions of slavery. Jorati explores a topic that is widely neglected by historians of philosophy: debates about the morality of slavery in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century America and Europe. Slavery and Race: Philosophical Debates in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries explores philosophical ideas, theories, and arguments that are central to early modern discussions of slavery. It is a companion (...)
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  38. Where Did Hegel Go Wrong on Race?Michael O. Hardimon - 2024 - Hegel Bulletin 45 (1):23-42.
    Where exactly did Hegel go wrong on race? Moellendorf helpfully tells us that Hegel's treatment of race begins systematically in the Philosophy of Subjective Spirit and that he went wrong philosophically in the use of the biological category of race. This is basically correct but requires precisification. This article considers why Hegel's category of race is not unambiguously biological. Race's biological status can be problematized from the standpoint of contemporary biology and from the standpoint of Hegel's system. The textual placement (...)
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  39. 11 Reason, Race, and the Human Project: Sylvia Wynter, Sociogenesis, and Philosophy in the Americas.Michael Monahan - 2024 - In Jacoby Adeshei Carter & Hernando Arturo Estévez (eds.), Philosophizing the Americas. New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 261-283.
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  40. 10 Alain Locke, José Vasconcelos, and José Martí, on Race, Nationality, and Cosmopolitanism.Jacoby Adeshei Carter - 2024 - In Jacoby Adeshei Carter & Hernando Arturo Estévez (eds.), Philosophizing the Americas. New York: Fordham University Press. pp. 235-260.
  41. Race and indigeneity in human microbiome science: microbiomisation and the historiality of otherness.Andrea Núñez Casal - 2024 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 46 (2):1-27.
    This article reformulates Stephan Helmreich´s the ¨microbiomisation of race¨ as the historiality of otherness in the foundations of human microbiome science. Through the lens of my ethnographic fieldwork of a transnational community of microbiome scientists that conducted a landmark human microbiome research on indigenous microbes and its affiliated and first personalised microbiome initiative, the American Gut Project, I follow and trace the key actors, experimental systems and onto-epistemic claims in the emergence of human microbiome science a decade ago. In doing (...)
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  42. Making Sense of Race-Based Affirmative Action in Allocating Scarce Medical Resources.Yuichiro Mori - 2024 - Res Philosophica 101.
    The aim of this article is to consider whether, when, and why it is morally right to treat members of socially disadvantaged racial or ethnic groups favorably when allocating scarce medical resources. Since the COVID 2019 pandemic has had different impacts on racial and ethnic groups, some U.S. states have given racial and ethnic minorities preferential access to COVID-19 vaccines, leading to controversy over the moral and legal permissibility of doing so. I examine three arguments for affirmative action—the compensation, equality-of-opportunity, (...)
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  43. Race.Ignacio Aguiló - 2023 - In Jens Andermann, Gabriel Giorgi & Victoria Saramago (eds.), Handbook of Latin American Environmental Aesthetics. De Gruyter. pp. 355-368.
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  44. Religion, race, multiculturalism, and everyday life: a philosophical, conceptual examination.Christopher Williams - 2022 - [Cambridge, UK]: Ethics International Press Ltd, UK.
    Religion, Race, Multiculturalism, and Everyday Life takes a spirited conceptualist look back into the history of our development. The book sets out to explore the ways in which a punditry of human equality continues to lock in unassailably assured logical postures, enabled by the historically intertwined roles played by power and the passage of time, towards the invention and sustenance of social truth. Religion, race, and multiculturalism have been written about many times, and from a variety of academic, discipline-specific perspectives. (...)
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  45. Literary Theory and Criminology.Rafe McGregor - 2023 - Abingdon: Routledge.
    Literary Theory and Criminology demonstrates the significance of contemporary literary theory to the discipline of criminology, particularly to those criminologists who are primarily concerned with questions of power, inequality, and harm. Drawing on innovations in philosophical, narrative, cultural, and pulp criminology, it sets out a deconstructive framework as part of a critical criminological critique-praxis. -/- This book comprises eight essays – on globalisation, criminological fiction, poststructuralism, patriarchal political economy, racial capitalism, anthropocidal ecocide, critical theory, and critical praxis – that argue (...)
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  46. Blinded by the facts: Unintended consequences of racial knowledge production in the Dillingham commission (1907–1911).Sunmin Kim - 2024 - Theory and Society 53 (2):425-464.
    Theories of race-making have recognized the confusion and contradiction in state-led racial projects but have not sufficiently elaborated their unintended consequences. Focusing on the relationship between the state, racial science, and immigration policy in the early twentieth century United States, this article illustrates how practical challenges in racial projects can jeopardize and thereby eventually trigger innovations in modes of racial governance. The Dillingham Commission (1907–1911) was a Congressional investigative commission that attempted to collect comprehensive data on immigrants in order to (...)
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  47. Race/Gender and the Philosopher's Body.Donna-Dale L. Marcano - 2014 - In Emily S. Lee (ed.), Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, and Race. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 65-78.
  48. Materializing Race.Charles W. Mills - 2014 - In Emily S. Lee (ed.), Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, and Race. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 19-41.
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  49. Five Interconnections of Race and Class.Michael Billeaux-Martinez & Calnitsky David - forthcoming - Historical Materialism:1-42.
    This paper proposes a five-part empirical typology of interconnections of race and class. We describe the mechanisms whereby (1) race is a form of class relation; (2) race relations and class relations reciprocally affect each other; (3) race acts as a sorting mechanism into class locations; (4) race acts as a mediating linkage to class locations; and (5) race interacts with class in determining other outcomes. Rather than insisting on one or another mechanism as the overarching framework for conceptualising the (...)
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  50. Kant on race and the radical evil in the human species.Laura Papish - 2024 - European Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):49-66.
    Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason remains one of the most opaque of Kant's published writings. Though this opacity belongs, partly, to the text itself, a key claim of this article is that this opacity stems also from the narrow lenses through which his readers view this text. Often read as part of Kant's moral philosophy or his universal history, the literature has thus far neglected a different vantage point on the Religion, one that does not refute the utility (...)
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