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  1. Philosophy of Science: A New Perspective.Afsar Abbas - 2005 - Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
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  2. Client-Server Based Remote Access Through the Internet: Internet Based Remote Process Control.Hussein Mohammed Abdullah - 2011 - Germany: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.
    Internet based process control usage has grown in the past years. Industry field demands were behind this, and it ranges from factory, office and home automation to tasks simplifications and cost reduction. In this book a hardware interface circuit and a software system used to control the temperature and level of a liquid tank is described. The advantage of the designed interface circuit is its simplicity and low cost. The same can be true for the software system in which we (...)
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  3. Studies in the Philosophy of Science.Peter Achinstein (ed.) - 1969 - Oxford, Published by Basil Blackwell with the Cooperation of the University of Pittsburg.
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  4. Studies in the Philosophy of Science Essays.Peter Achinstein - 1969
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  5. Philosophy of Science.Robert John Ackermann - 1970 - New York: Pegasus.
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  6. Philosophy of Science an Introduction.Robert John Ackermann - 1970 - Pegasus.
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  7. Juan Arana. “Los sótanos del universo. La determinación natural y sus mecanismos ocultos”. [REVIEW]Miguel Acosta - 2014 - Revista Llull. Sociedad Española de Historia de la Ciencia 37 (79):168-171.
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  8. Studies in the History of Science.Howard B. Adelmann & Various Authors - 1943 - Philosophical Review 52 (2):204.
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  9. Science in Flux.Joseph Agassi - 1975 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
  10. The Nature of Science: A Personal View of Science and How It has Shaped the Way We Think and Behave.Frederick Aicken - 1984 - Heinemann Educational Books.
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  11. Philosophy of Science: Issues and Problems.Jack A. Aigbodioh - 1997 - Hope Publications.
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  12. DINGLE, H. -The Scientific Adventure. Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]P. Alexander - 1954 - Mind 63:425.
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  13. Philosophy of Science in China.Wylie Alison - 1989 - Communique 21:4-16.
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  14. A Guide to Philosophies of the Sciences.Fritz Allhoff (ed.) - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    A collection of essays discussing a wide range of sciences and the central philosophical issues associated with them, presenting the sciences collectively to encourage a greater understanding of their associative theoretical foundations, as well as their relationships to each other. Offers a new and unique approach to studying and comparing the philosophies of a variety of scientific disciplines -/- *Explores a wide variety of individual sciences, including mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, sociology and economics -/- *The essays are written by (...)
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  15. Is Nature Supernatural?: A Philosophical Exploration of Science and Nature.Simon L. Altmann - 2002 - Prometheus Books.
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  16. The Minimal Method of Descartes.Marco Aurelio Sousa Alves - 2012 - Metatheoria 3 (1):1-18.
    What is, after all, the famous method of Descartes? The brief and vague passages devoted to this subject in Descartes’ corpus have always puzzled his readers. In this paper, I investigate not only the two essays in which it is directly addressed (the Regulae ad Directionem Ingenii, and the Discours de la Méthode), but also his scientific works and correspondence. I finally advocate an interpretation that makes the best sense of his overt comments as well as of his actual scientific (...)
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  17. Patterns, Information, and Causation.Holly Andersen - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper articulates an account of causation as a collection of information-theoretic relationships between patterns instantiated in the causal nexus. I draw on Dennett’s account of real patterns to characterize potential causal relata as patterns with specific identification criteria and noise tolerance levels, and actual causal relata as those patterns instantiated at some spatiotemporal location in the rich causal nexus as originally developed by Salmon. The rich causal nexus serves the role of ‘pixels’ in the Dennettian pattern ontology. I develop (...)
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  18. What Would Hume Say? Regularities, Laws, and Mechanisms.Holly Andersen - 2017 - In Phyllis Ilari & Stuart Glennan (eds.), Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanistic Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 157-168.
    This chapter examines the relationship between laws and mechanisms as approaches to characterising generalizations and explanations in science. I give an overview of recent historical discussions where laws failed to satisfy stringent logical criteria, opening the way for mechanisms to be investigated as a way to explain regularities in nature. This followed by a critical discussion of contemporary debates about the role of laws versus mechanisms in describing versus explaining regularities. I conclude by offering new arguments for two roles for (...)
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  19. A Field Guide to Mechanisms: Part I.Holly Andersen - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (4):274-283.
    In this field guide, I distinguish five separate senses with which the term ‘mechanism’ is used in contemporary philosophy of science. Many of these senses have overlapping areas of application but involve distinct philosophical claims and characterize the target mechanisms in relevantly different ways. This field guide will clarify the key features of each sense and introduce some main debates, distinguishing those that transpire within a given sense from those that are best understood as concerning distinct senses. The ‘new mechanisms’ (...)
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  20. Alternativt Eller Etablert? Hva Er Forskjellen?Rani Lill Anjum & Johan Arnt Myrstad - 2009 - Www.Nifab.No.
    Hva er vitenskap og hva anser vi som vitenskaplighet? Dette er spørsmål som kan være verdt å se nøyere på før vi aksepterer at det er et klart skille mellom den etablerte skolemedisinen og alt det vi kaller ”alternativ medisin” eller ”alternativ behandling”. For hva er det egentlig som gjør noe til etablert og noe annet til et alternativ? Er den etablerte medisin mer vitenskapelig enn den alternative, ved at den for eksempel benytter seg av mer vitenskapelige metoder? Er resultatene (...)
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  21. Introduction: Integrated History and Philosophy of Science in Practice.Theodore Arabatzis & Don Howard - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 50:1-3.
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  22. Karl Popper and Lamarckism.Elena Aronova - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):37-51.
    The article discusses Karl Popper’s account of Lamarckism. In this article I use Popper’s published and unpublished statements regarding Lamarckism as well as his correspondence with the Australian immunologist Edward Steele and other biologists to examine why Popper was interested in Lamarckism, how his account of Lamarckism can be understood in the context of his philosophy, and what, if any, new context Popper provided for the discussion of this abandoned doctrine. I begin by discussing Popper’s frame of reference regarding Lamarckism, (...)
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  23. Idealization and the Structure of Theories in Biololgy.Alfonso Arroyo-Santos & Xavier de Donato-Rodríguez - manuscript
    In this paper we present a new framework of idealization in biology. We characterize idealizations as a network of counterfactual conditionals that can exhibit different degrees of contingency. We use the idea of possible worlds to say that, in departing more or less from the actual world, idealizations can serve numerous epistemic, methodological or heuristic purposes within scientific research. We defend that, in part, it is this structure what helps explain why idealizations, despite being deformations of reality, are so successful (...)
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  24. Metaphors as Surrogate Variables. The Case of Adaptive Radiation.Alfonso Arroyo-Santos & Mark E. Olson - manuscript
    We develop a new metaphor account where metaphors become surrogate variables for different but related phenomena. As we will argue, subrogation is the result of the interplay between the things inspired by the metaphor and the empirical dynamics that result from such inspiration. In particular, we focus on adaptive radiation, a major concept of evolutionary biology. Our study suggests that there is no distinct phenomenon, process, or pattern in nature than can be identified as adaptive radiation. What we have instead (...)
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  25. In the Tracks of the Historicist Movement: Re-Assessing the Carnap-Kuhn Connection.Guy S. Axtell - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (1):119-146.
    Thirty years after the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, sharp disagreement persists concerning the implications of Kuhn’s "historicist" challenge to empiricism. I discuss the historicist movement over the past thirty years, and the extent to which the discourse between two branches of the historical school has been influenced by tacit assumptions shared with Rudolf Carnap’s empiricism. I begin with an examination of Carnap’s logicism --his logic of science-- and his 1960 correspondence with Kuhn. I focus on (...)
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  26. How Typical! An Epistemological Analysis of Typicality in Statistical Mechanics.Massimiliano Badino - manuscript
    The recent use of typicality in statistical mechanics for foundational purposes has stirred an important debate involving both philosophers and physicists. While this debate customarily focuses on technical issues, in this paper I try to approach the problem from an epistemological angle. The discussion is driven by two questions: (1) What does typicality add to the concept of measure? (2) What kind of explanation, if any, does typicality yield? By distinguishing the notions of `typicality-as-vast-majority' and `typicality-as-best-exemplar', I argue that the (...)
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  27. General Philosophy of Science.R. Baerman - 2011 - In Steven French & Juha Saatsi (eds.), Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Continuum. pp. 383.
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  28. Philosophy of Science: Contemporary Readings.Yuri Balashov & Alex Rosenberg (eds.) - 2001 - Routledge.
    This comprehensive anthology draws together writings by leading philosophers on the philosophy of science. Each section is prefaced by an introductory essay from the editors, guiding students gently into the topic. Accessible and wide-ranging, the text draws on both contemporary and twentieth century sources. The readings are designed to complement Alex Rosenberg's textbook, _Philosophy of Science: A Contemporary Introduction_, but can also serve as a stand-alone volume in any philosophy of science course. Includes readings from the following leading philosophers: Achinstein, (...)
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  29. Reality Without Reification: Philosophy of Chemistry’s Contribution to Philosophy of Mind.Marina Paola Banchetti-Robino & Jean Pierre Noël Llored - 2016 - In Grant Fisher Eric Scerri (ed.), Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry. Oxford University Press. pp. 83-110.
    In this essay, we argue that there exist obvious parallels between questions that inform philosophy of chemistry and the so-called hard problem of consciousness in philosophy of mind. These include questions regarding the emergence of higher-level phenomena from lower-level physical states, the reduction of higher-level phenomena to lower-level physical states, and 'downward causation'. We, therefore, propose that the 'hard problem' of consciousness should be approached in a manner similar to that used to address parallel problems in philosophy of chemistry. Thus, (...)
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  30. Simpson's Paradox and Causality.Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay, Mark Greenwood, Don Dcruz & Venkata Raghavan - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):13-25.
    There are three questions associated with Simpson’s Paradox (SP): (i) Why is SP paradoxical? (ii) What conditions generate SP?, and (iii) What should be done about SP? By developing a logic-based account of SP, it is argued that (i) and (ii) must be divorced from (iii). This account shows that (i) and (ii) have nothing to do with causality, which plays a role only in addressing (iii). A counterexample is also presented against the causal account. Finally, the causal and logic-based (...)
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  31. Connective Conceptual Analysis and Psychology.Konrad Banicki - 2012 - Theory and Psychology 22 (3):310-323.
    Conceptual analysis, like any exclusively theoretical activity, is far from overrated in current psychology. Such a situation can be related both to the contingent influences of contextual and historical character and to the more essential metatheoretical reasons. After a short discussion of the latter it is argued that even within a strictly empirical psychology there are non-trivial tasks that can be attached to well-defined and methodologically reliable, conceptual work. This kind of method, inspired by the ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Peter (...)
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  32. Empiricism and the Myth of Fundamental Measurement.Vadim Batitsky - 1998 - Synthese 116 (1):51 - 73.
  33. Uncovering Deterministic Causal Structures: A Boolean Approach.Michael Baumgartner - 2009 - Synthese 170 (1):71-96.
    While standard procedures of causal reasoning as procedures analyzing causal Bayesian networks are custom-built for (non-deterministic) probabilistic struc- tures, this paper introduces a Boolean procedure that uncovers deterministic causal structures. Contrary to existing Boolean methodologies, the procedure advanced here successfully analyzes structures of arbitrary complexity. It roughly involves three parts: first, deterministic dependencies are identified in the data; second, these dependencies are suitably minimalized in order to eliminate redundancies; and third, one or—in case of ambiguities—more than one causal structure is (...)
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  34. The Natural Sciences: An Introduction to the Scientific Philosophy of to-Day.Bernhard Bavink - 1932 - Arno Press.
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  35. The Natural Sciences.Bernhard Bavink & H. Stafford Hatfield - 1934 - Philosophy of Science 1 (1):123-129.
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  36. Wittgenstein and Scientism.Jonathan Beale & Ian James Kidd (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Wittgenstein criticized prevailing attitudes towards the sciences, accusing science of 'sending us to sleep'. This volume is the first study of Wittgenstein’s scientism - a theme in his work that is both clearly central to his thought yet strikingly neglected by the existing literature. This volume explores the philosophical basis of Wittgenstein’s anti-scientism; how this anti-scientism helps us understand Wittgenstein’s philosophical aims; and how this underlies his later conception of philosophy and the kind of philosophy he attacked. An international team (...)
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  37. William L. Harper.Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data Into Evidence About Gravity and Cosmology. Xvii + 424 Pp., Tables, Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. £40. [REVIEW]Ori Belkind - 2013 - Isis 104 (1):189-190.
  38. De Brahe a Kepler: Itinerario de un giro cosmológico.Esteban J. Beltrán Ulate - 2013 - Humanitas, Revista de Investigación:203-218.
    El presente artículo se circunscribe en el área de historia del pensamiento y filosofía de la ciencia. La pesquisa comprende un análisis de la transición que se gesta en el díalogo Brahe-Kepler y la superación del modelo cosmológico; se comprende la oposición del modelo geocéntrico respecto al heliocéntrico como parte del contexto y se ultima con la exposición de las tres leyes keplerianas producto de la superación del sistema tychonico.
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  39. Just a Theory: Exploring the Nature of Science.M. Ben-Ari - 2005 - Prometheus Books.
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  40. Science and Civilization [Ed. By R.C. Stauffer]. [REVIEW]A. Cornelius Benjamin - 1951 - Philosophical Review 60 (1):106.
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  41. Philosophy of Science.Gustav Bergmann - 1957 - Greenwood Press.
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  42. Scientific Inquiry. Readings in the Philosophy of Science. Edited by Robert Klee. [REVIEW]André Berten - 2001 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 99 (4):748-748.
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  43. Philosophy of Science.Alexander Bird - 1998 - Routledge.
    An up-to-date, clear but rigorous introduction to the philosophy of science offering an indispensable grounding in the philosophical understanding of science and its problems. The book pays full heed to the neglected but vital conceptual issues such as the nature of scientific laws, while balancing and linking this with a full coverage of epistemological problems such as our knowledge of such laws.
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  44. Book Review: Recasting Reality with Wolfgang Pauli. [REVIEW]Robert Bishop - 2009 - Mind and Matter 7 (2):249-251.
  45. A Bibliography of the Philosophy of Science, 1945-1981.Richard J. Blackwell - 1983 - Greenwood Press.
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  46. Selected Writings, 1909-1953. Two Volumes. By Hans Reichenbach. Edited by Maria Reichenbach and Robert S. Cohen.Richard J. Blackwell - 1980 - Modern Schoolman 57 (3):286-287.
  47. Alexander Bird-James Ladyman, (Eds.) , Arguing About Science . Reviewed By.Giacomo Borbone - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (3-4):113-116.
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  48. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Lisa Bortolotti - 2008 - Polity.
    An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science provides a lively and accessible introduction to current key issues and debates in this area. The classic philosophical questions about methodology, progress, rationality and reality are addressed by reference to examples from the full range of natural and social sciences. Lisa Bortolotti uses a historically-informed perspective on the evolution of science and includes a thorough discussion of the ethical implications of scientific research. Special attention is paid to the complex relationship between the advancement (...)
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  49. Scientific Collaboration: Do Two Heads Need to Be More Than Twice Better Than One?Thomas Boyer-Kassem & Cyrille Imbert - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):667-688.
    Epistemic accounts of scientific collaboration usually assume that, one way or another, two heads really are more than twice better than one. We show that this hypothesis is unduly strong. We present a deliberately crude model with unfavorable hypotheses. We show that, even then, when the priority rule is applied, large differences in successfulness can emerge from small differences in efficiency, with sometimes increasing marginal returns. We emphasize that success is sensitive to the structure of competing communities. Our results suggest (...)
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  50. Book Review:Scientific Method: The Hypothetico-Experimental Laboratory Procedure of the Physical Sciences James K. Feibleman. [REVIEW]Michael Bradie - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):467-.
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