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The Philosophy of Sexual Orientation is a very broad category.  It covers questions about the nature and causes of human sexuality and sexual desire; the politics of homosexuality, gay rights, and the law; and various topics in Queer Theory.      

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  1. Hate Speech as Antithetical to Free Speech: The Real Polarity.Tiffany Elise Montoya - forthcoming - In Jennifer Kling & William Barnes (eds.), In Politics Polarity and Peace. Leiden, Netherlands:
    I claim that hate speech is actually antithetical to free speech. Nevertheless, this claim invokes the misconception that one would be jeopardizing free speech due to a phenomenon known as "false polarization" – a “tendency for disputants to overestimate the extent to which they disagree about whatever contested question is at hand.” The real polarity does not lie between hate speech (as protected free speech) vs. censorship. Rather, hate speech is censorship. It is the censorship of entire sectors of the (...)
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  2. De-Moralizing Gay Rights: A Reply to My Critics.Cyril Ghosh - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-9.
  3. De-Moralizing Gay Rights – an Overview.Cyril Ghosh - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-5.
  4. Moralizing Queer Dialectics: A Response to Cyril Ghosh.H. Howell Williams - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-7.
  5. Covering and the Moral Duty to Resist Oppression.Peter Higgins - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-8.
    Do LGBT+ persons have a moral duty of some form to resist heterosexist oppression by refusing to “cover” (i.e., “to ‘disattend,’ or tone down, their (despised) sexuality in an effort to fit into and be accepted by the mainstream” (Ghosh 2018, 273))? Writing in response to Kenji Yoshino (Yoshino 2002 and 2006), Cyril Ghosh argues that such a duty would itself be oppressive. In this reply to Ghosh’s new book, I wish to argue that while Ghosh demonstrates that Yoshino’s critique (...)
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  6. Asexuality.Luke Brunning & Natasha McKeever - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
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  7. “Gauging Gender: A Metaphysics”.Stephen Asma - 2011 - Chronicle of Higher Education 1.
    An academic division of labor resulted from the distinction between sex and gender. Sex remained a productive topic (excuse the pun) for biologists, who are interested in the genetic, developmental, and chemical pathways of male/female dimorphism. People in the social sciences and humanities, by contrast, made gender, not sex, the subject of their work. In gender studies, we learn about the ways that men and women “perform” their respective roles—people of male sex can perform as female gender, and vice versa, (...)
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  8. Rethinking Same‐Sex Sex in Natural Law Theory.Kurt Blankschaen - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (3):428-445.
    Many prominent proponents of Old and New Natural Law morally condemn sexual acts between people of the same sex because those acts are incapable of reproduction; they each offer a distinct set of supporting reasons. While some New Natural Law philosophers have begun to distance themselves from this moral condemnation, there are not many similarly ameliorative efforts within Old Natural Law. I argue for the bold conclusion that Old Natural Law philosophers can accept the basic premises of Old Natural Law (...)
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  9. Natural Law, Same-Sex Marriage, and the Politics of Virtue.Gary Chartier - 2001 - UCLA Law Review 48:1593-1632.
    Argues that natural law theory provides no credible basis for objecting to the legal recognition of same-sex marriage and offers a two-fold defense of marriage equality: natural-law arguments against marriage equality are unsuccessful; and, even if they are; proponents of new classical natural law theory should still see legally recognizing same-sex marriages as reasonable.
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  10. Free to Be You and Me: An Introduction to Ghosh’s De-Moralizing Gay Rights.Patti Tamara Lenard - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-8.
  11. The Significance of Being Gay in Ghosh’s De-Moralizing Gay Rights.Kerri Woods - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-7.
  12. On Being Good Gay: ‘Covering’ and the Social Structure of Being LGBT+.Annamari Vitikainen - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-8.
  13. Categorical Injustice.Ásta Sveinsdóttir - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
  14. Defining Rape.Lisa H. Schwartzman - 2019 - Social Philosophy Today 35:89-101.
    Legal definitions of rape traditionally required proof of both force and nonconsent. Acknowledging the difficulty of demonstrating the conjunction of force and nonconsent, many feminists argue that rape should be defined based on one element or the other. Instead of debating which of these two best defines the crime of rape, I argue that this framework is problematic, and that both force and nonconsent must be situated in a critique of social power structures. Catharine MacKinnon provides such a critique, and (...)
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  15. Cis-Hetero-Misogyny Online.Louise Richardson-Self - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (3):573-587.
    This article identifies five genres of anti-queer hate speech found in The Australian’s Facebook comments sections, exposing and analyzing the ways in which such comments are used to derogate cisgender and heterosexual women. One may be tempted to think of cis-het women as third-party victims of queerphobia; however, this article argues that these genres of anti-queer speech are, in fact, misogynistic. Specifically, it argues that these are instances of cis-hetero-misogynistic hate speech. Cis-hetero-misogyny functions as the “law enforcement branch” of a (...)
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  16. The Law and Economics of Grindr: A Response to Carson.Jonathan Hardman - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (3):445-453.
    In the Winter 2017 edition of JLME, Dr. Carson outlined an economic approach to the epidemiology of HIV transmission within the gay community, with a special emphasis on mobile apps. His conclusion is that HIV transmission amongst the gay community constitutes a collective action problem, which is resolved by the social norm of using a condom. This article critiques Dr. Carson's approach from an economic perspective. By utilizing classic law and economic theory, this article will argue that HIV transmission may (...)
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  17. Review of Affirmation, Care Ethics, and LGBT Identity. [REVIEW]Shelley Park - 2018 - Hypatia Reviews Online 2018.
  18. J. M. S NYDER : Lesbian Desire in the Lyrics of Sappho . Pp. Xi + 261. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. $34/£24. ISBN: 0-231-09994-. [REVIEW]Vanda Zajko - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (1):248-248.
  19. J. F. Martos Montiel: Desde Lesbos con Amor: Homosexualidad femenina en la antigüedad. Pp. 167. Madrid: Ediciones Clàsicas, 1966. Paper. ISBN: 84-7882-242-9. [REVIEW]Richard Hawley - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):611-612.
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  20. UnMuted: Conversations on Prejudice, Oppression, and Social Justice.Myisha Cherry - 2019 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Why do people hate one another? Who gets to speak for whom? Why do so many people combat prejudice based on their race, sexual orientation, or disability? What does segregation look like today? Many of us ponder and discuss urgent questions such as these at home, and see them debated in the media, the classroom, and our social media feeds, but many of us don't have access to the important new ways philosophers are thinking about these very issues. Enter UnMute, (...)
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  21. Kant and Sexuality.Helga Varden - 2017 - In Matthew C. Altman (ed.), The Palgrave Kant Handbook. pp. 331-351.
    Kant’s comments on sexuality are commonly found to be at best perplexing and at worst extraordinarily unenlightened and morally offensive. In this paper, I start by reconstructing what seems to be Kant’s view on sexuality as well as providing an overview of the main, existing Kantian philosophical responses and alternative proposals to this account. In the last part of the paper, I outline a new Kantian approach to sexuality that overcomes the shortcomings of both Kant’s own and the existing Kantian (...)
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  22. The Politics of Shame in the Motivation to Virtue: Lessons From the Shame, Pride, and Humility Experiences of LGBT Conservative Christians and Their Allies.Theresa W. Tobin & Dawne Moon - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (1):109-125.
    ABSTRACTPhilosophical views defending shame as a catalyst for moral virtue are at odds with empirical data indicating that shame often yields psychologically unhealthy responses for those who feel it, and often motivates in them morally worse action than whatever occasioned the initial shame experience. Our interdisciplinary ethnographic study analyzes the shame experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender conservative Christians and the church members who once shamed them but are now allies. In this context, shame, humility, and proper pride work (...)
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  23. ‘Won’T Somebody Please Think of the Children?’ Hate Speech, Harm, and Childhood.Robert Mark Simpson - 2019 - Law and Philosophy 38 (1):79-108.
    Some authors claim that hate speech plays a key role in perpetuating unjust social hierarchy. One prima facie plausible hypothesis about how this occurs is that hate speech has a pernicious influence on the attitudes of children. Here I argue that this hypothesis has an important part to play in the formulation of an especially robust case for general legal prohibitions on hate speech. If our account of the mechanism via which hate speech effects its harms is built around claims (...)
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  24. Therapeutic Reactivity to Confidentiality With HIV Positive Clients: Bias or Epidemiology?Richard J. Iannelli & Thomas V. Palma - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (4):353-370.
    Therapeutic reactivity among psychology trainees was ascertained by their response to 10 clinical vignettes depicting clients with HIV who are sexually active with uninformed partners. This construct accounts for the relative change in decisions to maintain the confidentiality of clients who acknowledge safe versus unsafe sexual behavior. As anticipated, an analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect for safety and a significant 3-way interaction. Subsequent analyses revealed that trainees exhibit the highest level of therapeutic reactivity toward heterosexual male clients, (...)
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  25. Objectivity: Recovering Determinate Reality in Philosophy, Science and Everyday Life. By Tibor R. Machan. [REVIEW]Mark Langan - 2006 - Journal of Critical Realism 5 (2):401-408.
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  26. The Fallacy of the “Buddy Construction” on Ancient Heroic Duos.Jenny Plecash - 2015 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 6 (1).
    In this paper, I seek to examine three ancient literary couples to discover the nature of their relationships. Specifically, I will argue that Enkidu and Gilgamesh, David and Jonathan, and Achilles and Patroclus each participated in a relationship that went beyond the trope of heroic friendship. I will also examine how previous scholars portrayed these men in an attempt to remove homoeroticism from their mythologies.
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  27. Illegal Loves and Sexual Deviancy: Homosexuality as a Threat in Cold War Canada.Erin Gallagher-Cohoon - 2013 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 4 (2).
    This paper analyzes the criminalization and medicalization of homosexuality during the early twentieth century in Canada. Through court records and medical texts the discourse of homosexuality as a threat to the family unit and to the nation is contextualized within Cold War rhetoric. A Foucaultian conceptualization of power and discipline helps frame questions regarding homosexuality as a criminal offense and as a mental illness. It is argued that both state control and societal pressures constructed the homosexual as criminal, the homosexual (...)
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  28. A Moral Justification for Gay and Lesbian Civil RIghts Legislation.Vincent Samar - 1994 - In Timothy F. Murphy (ed.), Gay Ethics: Controversies in Outing, Civil Rights, and Sexual Science. New York, NY, USA: pp. 147-178.
    A Moral Justification for Gay and Lesbian Civil Rights Legislation.
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  29. Social representation of sexuality in senior citizens.Sibelys Akela Paz González, Yanara Rodríguez Roche, Idalmis Ramírez Oves, Yurianely Machado Machado & Delia María Santiesteban Pineda - 2018 - Humanidades Médicas 18 (1):83-95.
    Se realizó una investigación cualitativa, entre octubre de 2015 y junio de 2016, en la Casa de Abuelos No. 2 de Santa Clara con el objetivo de caracterizar la representación social de la sexualidad de los adultos mayores. Se seleccionó una muestra de 24 adultos mayores. Se utilizaron técnicas como: observación, entrevista, debate grupal, asociación de palabras, de cuestionamiento del núcleo central y la triangulación de datos. Como resultados se determinó que en la representación de la sexualidad se observó un (...)
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  30. Why the Teleology of Marriage Matters to Law.Mark J. Boone - 2015 - The Evangelical Philosophical Society's Web Project for Philosophical Discussions of Marriage and Family Topics.
    What is at stake in the conversation over same-sex marriage is competing definitions of marriage. -/- One good argument for same-sex marriage depends on a definition that came to prominence after the sexual revolution. A different understanding of marriage was prominent in the nineteenth century, and this shows that Obergefell was wrongly decided, at least as far as Originalist understandings of law are concerned. -/- Accordingly, the nature, purpose, and function of marriage, and what people think of them, are important (...)
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  31. Lesbians Reviewing/Reviewing Lesbians.Julia Penelope - 1988 - Feminist Studies 14 (3):606.
  32. Is the Same‐Sex Marriage Debate Really Just About Marriage?Christopher Arroyo - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy:186-203.
    In What is Marriage? One Man and One Woman: A Defense, Sherif Girgis, Ryan Anderson and Robert George defend the ‘conjugal marriage’ while claiming to make no moral judgments about homosexuality. My contention in this article is that the argument of What is Marriage is not sufficiently different from the arguments of classical new natural law theorists, and, therefore, What is Marriage does not remain neutral on the question of whether homosexuality is moral. First, I give an overview of some (...)
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  33. Dealing with sexuality in adolescence.Esmeralda Calero Yera, Sandra Rodríguez Roura & Aniocha Trumbull Jorlen - 2017 - Humanidades Médicas 17 (3):577-592.
    RESUMEN La sexualidad es parte de la personalidad, la manera de expresarla y vivirla es diferente en cada persona, en tanto, la adolescencia, como etapa del ciclo vital humano, se caracteriza por cambios biológicos, sicológicos y sociales. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica para profundizar en el estudio de la sexualidad en la adolescencia y las acciones educativas como alternativa de la educación sexual. Se ejecutó una búsqueda en la literatura digital de artículos de investigaciones originales en las bases de datos (...)
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  34. Book Review: From Disgust to Humanity: Sexual Orientation and Constitutional LawFrom Disgust to Humanity: Sexual Orientation and Constitutional Law, by NussbaumMartha. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. [REVIEW]Barbara Koziak - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (6):808-811.
  35. The Meaning and Status of Gay and Lesbian Political Philosophy: A Rejoinder to E. Robert Statham, Jr.Mark Blasius - 1995 - Political Theory 23 (3):520-526.
  36. Adolescents’ Judgments of Homophobic Harassment Toward Male and Female Victims: The Role of Gender Stereotypes.Katherine E. Romeo & Stacey S. Horn - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (2):145-157.
    One hundred and fifty-six adolescents, drawn from a high school in a Midwestern suburb, provided judgments of a hypothetical incident of homophobic harassment with either a male or female victim. Participants also completed a revised version of the Macho Scale, measuring their endorsement of gender stereotypes. Without the interaction term, victim gender was not predictive of judgments of the harassment, however, endorsement of gender stereotypes decreased the odds of believing the behavior was completely wrong = 9.18, p =.00). Once added, (...)
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  37. A Study Through A Butlerian Lens On The ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission On Human Rights’ And Their Ineffectual Role In Protecting Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity And Expression.Arthit Meemaitree - unknown
    This research aims to criticize the role of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights, that is, the ASEAN’s Human Rights mechanism, in developing protections toward Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Expression, especially marriage rights, in this region. Since its formal existence in 2009 via ASEAN member’s ratification, this intergovernmental organization hasn’t provided any programs protecting the human rights of ASEAN peoples. However, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Expression fares much worse because this issue becomes internalized as the particular state’s (...)
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  38. What Lies Beyond Same‐Sex Marriage? Marriage, Reproductive Freedom and Future Persons in Liberal Public Justification.Andrew F. March - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):39-58.
    abstractIn this article I consider whether the legalization of sex‐same marriage implies a right to incestuous marriage. I begin by suggesting that the liberal state get out of the ‘marriage’ business by leveling down to a universal civil union status. The question is then whether incestuous unions should be both legal and eligible for this status. I argue that the arguments compatible with public reason for prohibiting them outright, or even for excluding them from the permissible types of legally registered (...)
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  39. Bodies and Pleasures: Foucault and the Politics of Sexual Normalization.Julien S. Murphy - 2000 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 14 (1):76-78.
  40. Political Philosophy as Political Action: A Response to Mark Blasius. E. Statham Jr - 1995 - Political Theory 23 (3):517-519.
  41. Thoughtful Economic Man: Essays on Rationality, Moral Rules and Benevolence.Donald C. Hubin - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):572-574.
    Some have attempted to justify benefit/ cost analysis by appealing to a moral theory that appears to directly ground the technique. This approach is unsuccessful because the moral theory in question is wildly implausible and, even if it were correct, it would probably not endorse the unrestricted use of benefit/ cost analysis. Nevertheless, there is reason to think that a carefully restricted use of benefit/ cost analysis will be justifiable from a wide variety of plausible moral perspectives. From this, it (...)
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  42. Do Wedding Dresses Come in Lavender?: The Prospects and Implications of Same-Sex Marriage.Angela Bolte - 1998 - Social Theory and Practice 24 (1):111-131.
  43. Reason, Faith and Homosexual Acts.John Finnis - 2001 - Catholic Social Science Review 6:61-69.
    Discusses Catholic teaching about homosexuality. Explains the philosophical rationale for that teaching. Argues that homosexual activity is wrong, along with all other non-marital sexual activity, because it undermines the goods of marriage.
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  44. The Shock of Men: Homosexual Hermeneutics in French Writing.Robert Harvey & Lawrence R. Schehr - 1997 - Substance 26 (3):187.
  45. The Homosexual and the Vatican: An American Attempt at Dialogue.C. R. A. Cunliffe - 1988 - New Blackfriars 69 (819):392-399.
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  46. Uranisme Et Unisexualité: A Late Victorian View of Homosexuality.P. W. J. Healy - 1978 - New Blackfriars 59 (693):56-65.
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  47. Beyond Race, Sex, and Sexual Orientation: Legal Equality Without Identity.Sonu Bedi - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    The conventional interpretation of equality under the law singles out certain groups or classes for constitutional protection: women, racial minorities, and gays and lesbians. The United States Supreme Court calls these groups 'suspect classes'. Laws that discriminate against them are generally unconstitutional. While this is a familiar account of equal protection jurisprudence, this book argues that this approach suffers from hitherto unnoticed normative and political problems. The book elucidates a competing, extant interpretation of equal protection jurisprudence that avoids these problems. (...)
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  48. The Lesbian June Cleaver: Heterosexism and Lesbian Mothering.Bonnie Mann - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (1):149-165.
    For many of us, entry into motherhood involves an ambiguous visibility and intelligibility, where our acceptance into mainstream spaces as mothers entails a loss of lesbian difference. Mann explores this loss using the work of two philosophers of lesbian difference, Monique Wittig and Judith Butler. She argues that the figure of the lesbian mother is deployed on a broad cultural scale to reinvigorate and renaturaUze the myth of the happy, natural, heterosexual mother.
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  49. Anti-Homosexual and Gay: Rereading Sartre.Christine Pierce - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (1):10-23.
    Jean-Paul Sartre's questions about anti-Semitism in Anti-Semite and Jew are ones we should want asked about heteronormativity—what causes it, what sustains it, why is so little being done about it, what should be done. Although the parallels between anti-Semitism and heteronormativity are not exact, relevant Sartrian ideas include nationalism, choosing to reason falsely, living in the future, and authenticity. Foremost is Sartre's claim that bigotry is not about ideas but a certain type of personality.
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  50. Toward a Phenomenology of Sex-Right: Reviving Radical Feminist Theory of Compulsory Heterosexuality.Kathy Miriam - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (1):210-228.
    In this essay, Miriam argues for a phenomenological-hermeneutic approach to the radical feminist theory of sex-right and compulsory heterosexuality. Against critics of radical feminism, she argues that when understood from a phenomenological’ hermeneutic perspective, such theory does not foreclose female sexual agency. On the contrary, men's right of sexual access to women and girls is part of our background understanding of heteronormativity, and thus integral to the lived experience of female sexual agency.
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