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Summary Sport is a relatively new subject of systematic philosophical enquiry. The philosophy of sport as an academic sub-field dates back only to the 1970s. In the intervening half century, the field has developed a burgeoning literature that spans the continental and analytical traditions. Metaphysical, epistemological, aesthetic, and especially ethical questions have provided the primary focus of research. Philosophers have attempted to shed new light on sport by analysing sporting phenomena with existing philosophical theories and methods, and they have also sought to demonstrate that sport raises distinctive questions that have wider philosophical significance beyond sport.
Key works D'Agostino 1981: Fred D'Agostino, "The Ethos of Games."English 1978: Jane English, "Sex Equality in Sport." Fraleigh 1984: Warren Fraleigh, Right Actions in Sport: Ethics for Contestants.Keating 1964: James W. Keating, "Sportmanship as a Moral Category." Kretchmar 1975: R. Scott Kretchmar, "From Test to Contest: An Analysis of Two Kinds of Counterpoint in Sport." Loland 2001: Sigmund Loland, Fair Play in Sport. A Moral Norm System. Morgan 2012: William J. Morgan, "Broad Internalism, Deep Conventions, Moral Entrepreneurs, and Sport." Russell 1999: John S. Russell, "Are Rules All an Umpire Has to Work With?" Simon et al 2015: Robert L. Simon, Cesar R. Torres, and Peter F. Hager, "Fair Play: The Ethics of Sport." Suits & Hurka 1978: Bernard Suits, The Grasshopper: Games, Life, and Utopia.Suits 1988: Bernard Suits, "Tricky Triad: Games, Play, and Sport." Young 1979: Iris Marion Young, "The Exclusion of Women from Sport: Conceptual and Existential Dimensions."
Introductions Devine & Lopez Frias 2020: John William Devine and Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, "Philosophy of Sport."Feezell 2016: Randolph Feezell, Playing Games: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Sport through Dialogue. McNamee & Morgan 2015: Mike McNamee and William J. Morgan, Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Sport. Morgan 2017: William J. Morgan, Ethics in Sport. Third Edition. Reid 2012: Heather Reid, Introduction to the Philosophy of Sport.  Ryall 2016: Emily Ryall, Philosophy of Sport. Key Questions.  Torres 2016: Cesar R. Torres, The Bloomsbury Companion to the Philosophy of Sport. 
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  1. Stoic Lessons in Liberation: Epictetus as Educator.William O. Stephens - manuscript
    My project examines the pedagogical approach of the Stoic Epictetus by focusing on seven vital lessons he imparts. This study will deepen our understanding of his vocation as a Stoic educator striving to free his students from the fears and foolishness that hold happiness hostage. These lessons are (1) how freedom, integrity, self-respect, and happiness interrelate; (2) real versus fake tragedy and real versus fake heroism; (3) the instructive roles that various animals play in Stoic education; (4) athleticism, sport, and (...)
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  2. Get the Last Laugh: On the Humourist as a Developmental Ideal in Invasion Games.Kenneth Aggerholm - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy.
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  3. The Problem of Evil in Sports: Applications and Arguments.Gabriel Andrade - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-17.
    The problem of evil is very old in philosophy, but it has not been sufficiently discussed in the context of sports. This...
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  4. From Slowness to Deepening: The Way of Emersive Awareness.Bernard Andrieu & Petrucia da Nobrega - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-13.
    In this paper three senses of slow sport are demonstrated through three modalities of technical, and as such, it is found within a precise methodology. Self-awareness is defined by paying attention...
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  5. USC Football Notebook: Robey, McDonald Secondary Stalwarts.White House Confirms Cyber Attack - forthcoming - Hermes.
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  6. The Study of Chivalry Philosophy, Islamic Generosity and Moral Teachings in Athletic and Gymnasium Sports in Zurkhaneh.Bisotoon Azizi, Mohammad Mohammadi & Nima Deimary - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-10.
    Defining the Perian word, ‘Fotowat’ or ‘Chivalry’ is not an easy task; in the rite of ‘Fotowat’, before entering any profession, one must set one’s soul free and pay attention to the moral teaching...
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  7. Setting the Record Straight: A Defense of Vacating Wins in Response to Rules Violations.Seth Bordner & Chase Wrenn - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-17.
    Sometimes, teams or players violate the rules of their leagues or associations. And sometimes, their leagues or associations respond by striking their wins from the official record. Especially in A...
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  8. What Is Sport?Steffen Borge - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-23.
    In this paper, I am going to present a condensed version of my theory of what sport is from my book The Philosophy of Football. In that work, I took my starting point in Bernard Suits’ celebrated,...
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  9. ‘Richness in Ends, Simpleness in Means!’ on Arne Naess’s Version of Deep Ecological Friluftsliv and Its Implications for Outdoor Activities.Gunnar Breivik - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    The increasing global warming and the loss of biodiversity should concern us all. Some feel that outdoor activities, which take place in natural surroundings, should have a special obligation to ch...
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  10. Hunting and Humanity in Western Thought.Matt Cartmill - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  11. Meaning and Use: Drama and the Aesthetic.Leon Culbertson - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-22.
    This paper considers David Best’s claim that descriptions of events in sport as being ‘dramatic’ or ‘tragic’ employ those terms in a figurative sense, along with Stephen Mumford’s rejection of that...
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  12. Intersex and Sports: Back to the Same Old Game.Alice Dreger - forthcoming - Bioethics Forum.
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  13. Sex, Gender, and Racial (In) Justice in Sport: The Treatment of South African Track Star Caster Semenya.Shari L. Dworkin, Amanda Lock Swarr & Cheryl Cooky - forthcoming - Feminist Studies.
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  14. A Response to Cultural Arguments in the Renewed Disputes Over the Ethics of Bullfighting.Gabriel E. Andrade - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-16.
    Bullfighting has a strong historical tradition in Spain, but now it is beginning to be challenged by various sectors in society. The debate about the ethics of bullfighting is by no means new. But,...
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  15. The We-Perspective on the Racing Sailboat.Frances Egan - forthcoming - In Roberto Casati (ed.), The Sailing Mind. Springer.
    Successful sports teams are able to adopt what is known as the 'we-perspective,' forming intentions and making decisions, somewhat as a unified mind does, to achieve their goals. In this paper I consider what is involved in establishing and maintaining the we-perspective on a racing sailboat. I argue that maintaining the we-perspective contributes to the success of the boat in at least two ways: (1) it facilitates the smooth execution of joint action; and (2) it increases the chance that individual (...)
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  16. L'âge de L'Héroïsme. Sport, Entreprise Et Esprit de Conquête Dans la France Contemporaine.Alain Ehrenberg - forthcoming - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie.
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  17. Pole Sports: Considering Stigma.Dana Fennell - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-15.
    The Global Association of International Sports Federations granted pole sports Observer Status, and with that, the International Pole Sports Federation took another step towards makin...
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  18. Sport, Science and the Problems of 'Race'.Scott Fleming - forthcoming - Paideia.
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  19. Athletic Skill and the Value of Close Contests.Erin Flynn - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-16.
    In this paper I defend an Irreconcilability Thesis, claiming that two commonly held views about athletic contests are in fact incompatible. The first view is that athletic contests are essentially...
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  20. Qigong, Philosophical Reading, and the Cultivation of Attention: Chinese Contemplative Body Practices and Slow Philosophy.Steven Geisz - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-15.
    Qigong practices are contemplative body practices and meditation techniques that emerge from Chinese philosophical, medical, and martial traditions. This paper argues that qigong is a kind of embod...
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  21. Saharan Recreation: From a Transformation of Bodily Experiences to a Transformation of Cultural Representations.Christophe Gibout - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    If the desert was long perceived as a hostile and inhospitable territory, it was gradually conquered during the 20th century by the practice of sports and leisure activities. The aim of this articl...
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  22. CST 101-3 6 February 2012 Ethics Essay.Cristina Hahnlein - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  23. Doping and Moral Disapprovals.Mika Hämäläinen, Andrew Bloodworth & Suvi Heikkinen - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    This paper explores variance in how people morally disapprove wrongs related to doping. The variance may pertain to what type of moral disapproval a person uses or to what they disapprove of. Our e...
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  24. Significance of the Nazi Leisure Time Program.Ernest Hamburger - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  25. "Steve You Must Be Pig Sick!" Streamed Video Interactions Between Premier League Managers and Sports Journalists as Semi-Scripted Performances.Dermot Brendan Heaney - forthcoming - Hermes.
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  26. Carl Schmitt, Sportspersonship, and the Ius Publicum Ludis.Michael Hemmingsen - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-15.
    In this paper, I argue that sportspersonship is a means of performing fundamental sociality; it is about the conversion of a foe (inimicus) into an enemy (hostis). Drawing on Carl Schmitt’s distinction between enemy and foe – inimicus and hostis – as well as his discussion of the ius publicum Europaeum, I suggest a model of sportspersonship that sees it as expressing the competitive relations between equals that undergird the most minimal form of sociality; relations that any deeper union takes (...)
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  27. Code is Law: Subversion and Collective Knowledge in the Ethos of Video Game Speedrunning.Michael Hemmingsen - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-26.
    Speedrunning is a kind of ‘metagame’ involving video games. Though it does not yet have the kind of profile of multiplayer e-sports, speedrunning is fast approaching e-sports in popularity. Aside from audience numbers, however, from the perspective of the philosophy of sport and games, speedrunning is particularly interesting. To the casual player or viewer, speedrunning appears to be a highly irreverent, even pointless, way of playing games, particularly due to the incorporation of “glitches”. For many outside the speedrunning community, the (...)
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  28. Spilled Milk and Burned Toast: Extrinsic Pressure and Sporting Excellence.Christopher Johnson & Jason Taylor - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-17.
    This paper explores the dynamics of extrinsic pressure in sport and its relation to athletic excellence. We argue that psychological pressure exerted by activities extrinsic to sport can be relevan...
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  29. The Play of Champions: Toward a Theory of Skill in eSport.Lasse Juel Larsen - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-23.
    This article advances a tentative theory of skill in relation to eSports. This conjectural theory of skill rests on hypothesizes informed by assumptions from watching 100+ hours of eSport events on...
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  30. Physical Activity is Not Necessary: The Notion of Sport as Unproductive Officialised Competitive Game.Felix Lebed - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-19.
    Every cultural phenomenon is multifaceted and only with great difficulty can it fit into the framework of one general concept. The term ‘sport’ is such a broad concept, because the great wealth of...
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  31. Improving Movement Efficiency Through Qualitative Slowness: A Discussion Between Bergson’s Philosophy and Asian Martial Arts’ Pedagogy.Alexandre Legendre & Gilles Dietrich - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    Bergson’s philosophy marked a turning point in Western understanding of time by differentiating quantitative time—apprehended by intelligence—from qualitative time—duration, embedded in consciousne...
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  32. Between Rounds: The Aesthetics and Ethics of Sixty Seconds.Joseph D. Lewandowski - forthcoming - Tandf: Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-13.
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  33. The Poetics of Everyday Movement: Human Movement Ecology and Urban Walking.Sigmund Loland - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-16.
    Departing from the hegemonic position of epidemiology in population physical activity research and policy, I argue for the significance of a complementary, holistic approach: human movement ec...
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  34. Relationscapes: Movement, Art.Erin Manning - forthcoming - Philosophy.
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  35. A Moral Defense of Trophy Hunting and Why It Fails.S. P. Morris - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    This is a critique of Timothy Hsiao’s ‘A Moral Defense of Trophy Hunting.’ I argue that Hsiao’s arguments on pain, consciousness, behavior, cruelty, and necessity all fail. More importantly, I argu...
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  36. Cimon the Elder, Peisistratus and the Tethrippon Olympic Victory of 532 BCE.Zinon Papakonstantinou - forthcoming - Journal of Ancient History 1 (2):99-118.
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  37. Testing for Athlete Citizenship: Regulating Doping and Sex in Sport.T. Rachel Park, Emmanuel Macedo, Brett A. Diaz & Francisco Javier Lopez Frias - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-5.
    In Testing for Athlete Citizenship: Regulating Doping and Sex in Sport, Kathryn E. Henne provides ‘a genealogical account of anti-doping regulation by questioning the meanings we take from sport’ (...
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  38. Safety, Fairness, and Inclusion: Transgender Athletes and the Essence of Rugby.Jon Pike - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-14.
    In this paper, I link philosophical discussion of policies for trans inclusion or exclusion, to a method of policy making. I address the relationship between concerns about safety, fairness, and in...
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  39. If You’Re Not First, You’Re Last: Are the Empirical Premises Correct in the Ethics of Anti-Doping?Werner Pitsch & John Gleaves - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-12.
    In the ethical discussion of anti-doping, a number of normative arguments rely on empirical premises. The truth of these premises, however, often remains unverified. This article identifies several...
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  40. Neurostimulation, Doping, and the Spirit of Sport.Jonathan Pugh & Christopher Pugh - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-18.
    There is increasing interest in using neuro-stimulation devices to achieve an ergogenic effect in elite athletes. Although the World Anti-Doping Authority does not currently prohibit neuro-stimulation techniques, a number of researchers have called on WADA to consider its position on this issue. Focusing on trans-cranial direct current stimulation as a case study of an imminent so-called ‘neuro-doping’ intervention, we argue that the emerging evidence suggests that tDCS may meet WADA’s own criteria for a method’s inclusion on its list of prohibited (...)
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  41. Sport and Nationalism: The Shifting Meanings of Soccer in Slovenia.Peter Rak, Ales Debeljak, Matjaz Hanzek, Boris Vezjak, Emil Brix, Peter Stankovic, Sandra Hrvatin, Marko Milosavljevic & Ales Steger - forthcoming - Res Publica.
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  42. Fairness, Regulation of Technology and Enhanced Human: A Comparative Analysis of the Pistorius Case and the Cybathlon.Rémi Richard, Damien Issanchou & Sylvain Ferez - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-15.
    Ensuring fairness is a capital issue in any sporting competition. However, fairness is a complex concept. We seek here to offer an analysis of the construction and upholding of fairness within comp...
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  43. Basic Values Predict Unethical Behavior in Sport: The Case of Athletes’ Doping Likelihood.Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu, Bahri Gürpınar, Jean Whitehead & Hannah Mortimer - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:1-9.
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  44. Striving, Entropy, and Meaning.J. S. Russell - forthcoming - Tandf: Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-19.
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  45. Koshti/Wrestling: A Victory Key for Heroes in Shahnameh.Hamid Reza Safari Jafarloo, Azim Jabareh Naserou & Mohammad Hossein Ghorbani - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-24.
    Shāhnāmeh, Book of Kings, is one of the greatest epics in the world, beautifully put into verse by Abolqāsem Ferdowsi. It is the great Persian epic which makes the Persian language proud. One of th...
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  46. Bruce Lee and the Trolley Problem: An Analysis From an Asian Martial Arts Tradition.William Sin - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    In this paper, I approach the trolley problem from a different angle, and align the perspective with non-Western models of philosophy as instruction for life. I argue that the trolley problem is an...
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  47. Andrew Blake, Body Language: The Meaning of Modern Sport.T. Skillen - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
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  48. Leisure: An Integrative Attitude.Elaine Smurawa - forthcoming - Humanitas.
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  49. Healing the Elite Athlete Today: Investigating the Case of Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy.Yu Xuan Su - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-13.
    In the world of elite sport, pain and suffering are inherent. In exploring return-to-play treatments and decision-making in sports medicine, two overarching areas seem to dominate the existing lite...
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  50. The Influence of Daoism, Chan Buddhism, and Confucianism on the Theory and Practice of East Asian Martial Arts.Anton Sukhoverkhov, A. A. Klimenko & A. S. Tkachenko - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-12.
    This paper discusses the impact of East Asian philosophical ideas on the origins and development of martial arts. The article argues that the ideas of Daoist philosophy were developed into ‘soft st...
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