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Summary Sport is a relatively new subject of systematic philosophical enquiry. The philosophy of sport as an academic sub-field dates back only to the 1970s. In the intervening half century, the field has developed a burgeoning literature that spans the continental and analytical traditions. Metaphysical, epistemological, aesthetic, and especially ethical questions have provided the primary focus of research. Philosophers have attempted to shed new light on sport by analysing sporting phenomena with existing philosophical theories and methods, and they have also sought to demonstrate that sport raises distinctive questions that have wider philosophical significance beyond sport.
Key works D'Agostino 1981: Fred D'Agostino, "The Ethos of Games."English 1978: Jane English, "Sex Equality in Sport." Fraleigh 1984: Warren Fraleigh, Right Actions in Sport: Ethics for Contestants.Keating 1964: James W. Keating, "Sportmanship as a Moral Category." Kretchmar 1975: R. Scott Kretchmar, "From Test to Contest: An Analysis of Two Kinds of Counterpoint in Sport." Loland 2001: Sigmund Loland, Fair Play in Sport. A Moral Norm System. Morgan 2012: William J. Morgan, "Broad Internalism, Deep Conventions, Moral Entrepreneurs, and Sport." Russell 1999: John S. Russell, "Are Rules All an Umpire Has to Work With?" Simon et al 2015: Robert L. Simon, Cesar R. Torres, and Peter F. Hager, "Fair Play: The Ethics of Sport." Suits & Hurka 1978: Bernard Suits, The Grasshopper: Games, Life, and Utopia.Suits 1988: Bernard Suits, "Tricky Triad: Games, Play, and Sport." Young 1979: Iris Marion Young, "The Exclusion of Women from Sport: Conceptual and Existential Dimensions."
Introductions Devine & Lopez Frias 2020: John William Devine and Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, "Philosophy of Sport."Feezell 2016: Randolph Feezell, Playing Games: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Sport through Dialogue. McNamee & Morgan 2015: Mike McNamee and William J. Morgan, Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Sport. Morgan 2017: William J. Morgan, Ethics in Sport. Third Edition. Reid 2012: Heather Reid, Introduction to the Philosophy of Sport.  Ryall 2016: Emily Ryall, Philosophy of Sport. Key Questions.  Torres 2016: Cesar R. Torres, The Bloomsbury Companion to the Philosophy of Sport. 
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  1. Stoic Lessons in Liberation: Epictetus as Educator.William O. Stephens - manuscript
    My project examines the pedagogical approach of the Stoic Epictetus by focusing on seven vital lessons he imparts. This study will deepen our understanding of his vocation as a Stoic educator striving to free his students from the fears and foolishness that hold happiness hostage. These lessons are (1) how freedom, integrity, self-respect, and happiness interrelate; (2) real versus fake tragedy and real versus fake heroism; (3) the instructive roles that various animals play in Stoic education; (4) athleticism, sport, and (...)
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  2. Of Values and Commercialisation: An Exploration of Esports’ Place Within the Olympic Movement.Cem Abanazir - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-16.
    Esports’ rise in popularity has led the Olympic Movement to consider esports as a possible addition to the Olympic programme. A positive stance on the part of the OM towards certain aspects of...
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  3. Get the Last Laugh: On the Humourist as a Developmental Ideal in Invasion Games.Kenneth Aggerholm - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy.
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  4. Children and Mixed Martial Arts.Aderemi Artis - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-16.
    J. S. Russell has argued that it is morally permissible for children to participate in dangerous sports and that much of value can be gained from such participation. He attempts to justify children...
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  5. USC Football Notebook: Robey, McDonald Secondary Stalwarts.White House Confirms Cyber Attack - forthcoming - Hermes.
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  6. Book Symposium. Steffen Borge, The Philosophy of Football.Steffen Borge, William J. Morgan, Murray Smith & Brian Weatherson - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-64.
    This is a book symposium on Steffen Borge’s The Philosophy of Football. It has contributions from William Morgan, Murray Smith and Brian Weatherson with replies from Borge.
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  7. Trans Women Participation in Sport: A Feminist Alternative to Pike’s Position.Michael Burke - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-18.
    Both the approach taken by World Rugby to address the question of trans women participation in women’s rugby and the paper by Jon Pike that explains the ethical justification for the exclusion of t...
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  8. Hunting and Humanity in Western Thought.Matt Cartmill - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  9. Understanding Steroid Use – Review and Discussion of ‘Gym Culture, Identity and Performance-Enhancing Drugs’.Ask Vest Christiansen, April Henning, Francisco Javier Lopez Frias & John M. Hoberman - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-21.
    This is a review and discussion of Ask Vest Christiansen’s book Gym Culture, Identity and Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Tracing a Typology of Steroid Use. As indicated by the title, the book...
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  10. Derby Girls’ Parodic Self-Sexualizations: Autonomy, Articulacy and Ambiguity.Paul Davis & Lisa Edwards - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    When behaviours or character traits match sociocultural expectation, heteronomy is a natural suspicion. A further natural suspicion is that the behaviours or character traits are unhealthy for the...
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  11. Taijiquan as a Way of Life: The Philosophy of Cheng Man-Ch’Ing.Andrew J. Dell’Olio - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-15.
    Cheng Man-ch’ing is as responsible as anyone for the wide popularity of taijiquan in the West. While his stature as a master and teacher of taijiquan is legendary, he is less well-known...
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  12. Elements of Excellence.John William Devine - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-17.
    ‘Excellence’ underpins debates within sports ethics from the nature of sport to the permissibility of doping. Despite the central role that excellence occupies in ethical reasoning about sport, it...
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  13. Intersex and Sports: Back to the Same Old Game.Alice Dreger - forthcoming - Bioethics Forum.
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  14. The Spirit of Play: Fun and Freedom in the Professional Age of Sport.Samuel Duncan - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-19.
    In Johan Huizinga’s most prolific study of play, Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play Element in Culture he states that for play to be considered authentic, genuine and real it must be fun, free, spont...
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  15. Sex, Gender, and Racial (In) Justice in Sport: The Treatment of South African Track Star Caster Semenya.Shari L. Dworkin, Amanda Lock Swarr & Cheryl Cooky - forthcoming - Feminist Studies.
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  16. The We-Perspective on the Racing Sailboat.Frances Egan - forthcoming - In Roberto Casati (ed.), The Sailing Mind. Springer.
    Successful sports teams are able to adopt what is known as the 'we-perspective,' forming intentions and making decisions, somewhat as a unified mind does, to achieve their goals. In this paper I consider what is involved in establishing and maintaining the we-perspective on a racing sailboat. I argue that maintaining the we-perspective contributes to the success of the boat in at least two ways: (1) it facilitates the smooth execution of joint action; and (2) it increases the chance that individual (...)
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  17. L'âge de L'Héroïsme. Sport, Entreprise Et Esprit de Conquête Dans la France Contemporaine.Alain Ehrenberg - forthcoming - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie.
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  18. Sport, Science and the Problems of 'Race'.Scott Fleming - forthcoming - Paideia.
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  19. A Framework to Evaluate Justice Claims in the Russian State-Led Doping Case.Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, Brett Diaz & Rachel Park - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-16.
    In this article, we examine scholarly analyses of justice and develop a framework that can help assess the claims from the parties in the Russian state-led doping scandal, including, but not limite...
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  20. Training the Eye: Sportization and Aestheticization Processes of the Earliest Olympic Games.Eduardo Lautaro Galak - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-13.
    This article analyses different ways of perceiving sports based on the study of cinematographic documentary of the first Olympic Games. The aim is to explore the political discourses and aesthetic...
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  21. CST 101-3 6 February 2012 Ethics Essay.Cristina Hahnlein - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  22. Significance of the Nazi Leisure Time Program.Ernest Hamburger - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  23. Sport in the Novels of James Joyce: A Discourse Theoretical Approach.Andy Harvey - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    Among the many themes in which the Irish modernist novelist, James Joyce, was intellectually and emotionally engaged, the issue of British imperialism and Irish nationalism was paramount. While Joy...
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  24. "Steve You Must Be Pig Sick!" Streamed Video Interactions Between Premier League Managers and Sports Journalists as Semi-Scripted Performances.Dermot Brendan Heaney - forthcoming - Hermes.
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  25. Phenomenological Physiotherapy: Extending the Concept of Bodily Intentionality.Halák Jan & Petr Kříž - forthcoming - Medical Humanities:1-14.
    This study clarifies the need for a renewed account of the body in physiotherapy to fill sizable gaps between physiotherapeutical theory and practice. Physiotherapists are trained to approach bodily functioning from an objectivist perspective; however, their therapeutic interactions with patients are not limited to the provision of natural-scientific explanations. Physiotherapists’ practice corresponds well to theorisation of the body as the bearer of original bodily intentionality, as outlined by Merleau-Ponty and elaborated upon by enactivists. We clarify how physiotherapeutical practice corroborates Merleau-Ponty’s (...)
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  26. Kid’s Cage-Fighting: It Should Be Banned, Right?Taryn Knox & Lynley Anderson - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    Cage-Fighting, also known as Mixed Martial Arts, is a combat sport that allows participants to grapple, punch, kick, elbow and knee—a combination of elements from many martial arts. While it...
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  27. What is the Work of Sportsmen and -Women, and (When) Should It Be Paid Equally?Robert Kowalenko - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-27.
    Professional sport, like most human activities undertaken for pay, is subject to Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. An athlete’s ’work’ can be...
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  28. Dialectics in Transformations of Professional Sport.Felix Lebed - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    In this article, I explore the relationship between competitive sports and the phenomenon of sports fandom as a unique symbiosis that qualitatively changes the nature of sport and reveals new aspec...
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  29. Thinking Outside the Ring of Concussive Punches: Reimagining Boxing.Joseph Lee - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    The idea of human-like robots with artificial intelligence engaging in sports has been considered in the light of robotics, technology and culture. However, robots with AI can also be used to...
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  30. Between Rounds: The Aesthetics and Ethics of Sixty Seconds.Joseph D. Lewandowski - forthcoming - Tandf: Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-13.
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  31. Relationscapes: Movement, Art.Erin Manning - forthcoming - Philosophy.
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  32. The Role of Sport in a Good Life: Aristotle and Suits.Lukáš Mareš - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-19.
    The relation between sport and a good life presents a fruitful philosophical challenge and it has been discussed extensively within the philosophy sport literature. This paper will investigate the...
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  33. What Is Sport? A Response to Jim Parry.Lukáš Mareš & Daniel D. Novotný - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-15.
    One of the most pressing points in the philosophy of sport is the question of a definition of sport. Approaches towards sport vary based on a paradigm and position of a particular author. This arti...
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  34. Ungrounding Homo Ludens: On Agamben and Modern Sports.Sandra Meeuwsen - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-15.
    In this paper, I argue that the central ontological presupposition in the philosophy of sport is the ‘sport-as-play’ paradigm. In reconstructing its archaeological origins, a normative narrative is...
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  35. In Defense of Medically Supervised Doping.Eric Moore & Jo Morrison - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-18.
    We propose that doping be legalized under medical supervision. First, we discuss two motivations for allowing medically supervised doping. We reject the ‘compromised choice/harm minimization’ motiv...
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  36. Real Winners in Sports Contests.Arvi Pakaslahti - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    The question what ultimately determines the real winner of a sports contest has been little discussed in the philosophy of sport literature. In this...
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  37. Cimon the Elder, Peisistratus and the Tethrippon Olympic Victory of 532 BCE.Zinon Papakonstantinou - forthcoming - Journal of Ancient History 1 (2):99-118.
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  38. Are You Game – Theoretically? A Critical Discussion of A Game-Theory-Based Argument in Favour of Banning Doping.Thomas Soebirk Petersen - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-12.
    The aim of this article is to present and critically discuss a game-theory-based argument in favour of the view that sports organizations ought to ban the use of performance-enhancing drugs in spor...
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  39. Are You Game – Theoretically? A Critical Discussion of A Game-Theory-Based Argument in Favour of Banning Doping.Thomas Søbirk Petersen - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-12.
    The aim of this article is to present and critically discuss a gametheory- based argument in favour of the view that sports organizations ought to ban the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport. After presenting the argument in detail, I try to show that the argument is not convincing. First, the argument cannot be used to argue in favour of WADA’s (World Anti-Doping Agency) current ban on doping, at least if it rests on the assumption, that doping use is always (...)
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  40. A Critical Note on a Purported Disanalogy Between Cycling and Mixed Martial Arts.Alexander Pho & Benjamin A. White - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-18.
    Nicholas Dixon’s Kantian argument for why mixed martial arts is intrinsically immoral has received several critical responses. We offer an additional critical response. Unlike previous respon...
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  41. Sport and Nationalism: The Shifting Meanings of Soccer in Slovenia.Peter Rak, Ales Debeljak, Matjaz Hanzek, Boris Vezjak, Emil Brix, Peter Stankovic, Sandra Hrvatin, Marko Milosavljevic & Ales Steger - forthcoming - Res Publica.
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  42. Squid Games and the Lusory Attitude.Indrek Reiland - forthcoming - Analysis.
    On Bernard Suits’s celebrated analysis, to play a game is to engage in a “voluntary attempt to overcome unnecessary obstacles”. Voluntariness is understood in terms of the players having the “lusory attitude” of accepting the constitutive rules of the game just because they make possible playing it. In this paper I suggest that the players in Netflix’s hit show Squid Game play the ‘squid games’, but they don’t do so voluntarily, but are forced to play. I argue that this means (...)
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  43. Husserl’s Fifth Cartesian Meditation and the Appresentation of the Other in Sport.Danny Rosenberg - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    This paper examines a single relevant source regarding Edmund Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology and his attempt to explain how we perceive and experience the Other. In the fifth chapter of the...
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  44. Striving, Entropy, and Meaning.J. S. Russell - forthcoming - Tandf: Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-19.
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  45. Koshti/Wrestling: A Victory Key for Heroes in Shahnameh.Hamid Reza Safari Jafarloo, Azim Jabareh Naserou & Mohammad Hossein Ghorbani - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-24.
    Shāhnāmeh, Book of Kings, is one of the greatest epics in the world, beautifully put into verse by Abolqāsem Ferdowsi. It is the great Persian epic which makes the Persian language proud. One of th...
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  46. Andrew Blake, Body Language: The Meaning of Modern Sport.T. Skillen - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
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  47. Leisure: An Integrative Attitude.Elaine Smurawa - forthcoming - Humanitas.
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  48. Suits and the Phenomenology of Games: A Reply to Johnson and Hudecki.Micah D. Tillman - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-16.
    Johnson and Hudecki argue that Bernard Suits fails to refute Wittgenstein’s ‘family resemblance’ view of games because Suits’s account of how games begin, how they are played, and the ends they inv...
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  49. Religious Olympism.Siegfried von Kortzfleisch - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  50. Changing Perceptions of Beautiful Bodies: The Athletic Agency Model.Peg Brand Weiser - forthcoming - In Andrew Edgar & William Morgan (eds.), Somaesthetics and Sport. Leiden, Netherlands:
    I consider what draws us to perceiving beautiful bodies in art and athletics--repeatedly and over time--that is informed by viewers' changing perceptions derived from recent publications in fashion and sport, the philosophy of sport, feminist film theory and aesthetics under the ever-expanding umbrella of somaesthetics.
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1 — 50 / 2891