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1 — 50 / 162
  1. Dialogues of Maximus and Themistius. [REVIEW]John Christian Laursen - forthcoming - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism.
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  2. From Invincible Ignorance to Tolerance: Arriaga, Vázquez, and Bayle.Jean-Luc Solere - 2021 - In Summistae: The Commentary Tradition on Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologiae from the 15th to the 17th Centuries. Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press. pp. 315-337.
    An important step in In Pierre Bayle’s defense of religious tolerance is to refute St Augustine’s claim that heretics who refuse to convert to the true faith do so out of ill will. This claim legitimizes, for Augustine and his followers, the application of temporal sanctions to those heretics, in order to offset their wicked inclination and restore their free will. To counter this view, Bayle uses the theological notions of invincible ignorance and dutiful erroneous conscience, elaborated during the Middle (...)
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  3. Hume’s Answer to Bayle on the Vacuum.Jonathan Cottrell - 2019 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 101 (2):205-236.
    Hume’s discussion of space in the Treatise addresses two main topics: divisibility and vacuum. It is widely recognized that his discussion of divisibility contains an answer to Bayle, whose Dictionary article “Zeno of Elea” presents arguments about divisibility as support for fideism. It is not so widely recognized that, elsewhere in the same article, Bayle presents arguments about vacuum as further support for fideism. This paper aims to show that Hume’s discussion of vacuum contains an answer to these vacuum-based fideistic (...)
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  4. Liberté et volonté chez Bayle et Malebranche.Jean-Luc Solere - 2018 - In Le Malebranchisme à l’épreuve de ses Amis et de ses Ennemis. Paris: pp. 97-128.
    La conception malebranchiste de la liberté est originale. Malebranche ne croit pas en une liberté d’indifférence absolue, c'est-à-dire en une capacité d’opérer un choix indépendamment de toute motivation. Il ne croit pas non plus que nous puissions indifféremment choisir entre deux motivations de force inégale : au moment où on se détermine, le bien le plus grand (du moins selon l’apparence) l’emporte. La liberté réside seulement dans le fait que l’on n’est pas obligé de se déterminer : nous pouvons toujours (...)
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  5. Naturaleza, física y superstición en los Pensamientos diversos sobre el cometa de Pierre Bayle: una refutación cartesiana de la cosmología de Aristóteles.Ana Maria C. Minecan - 2017 - Revista Paideía 108:51-67.
    This article analyzes the physical theory presented by Pierre Bayle in the new Spanish translation of Various Thoughts on the Occasion of the Comet. First, it deals with his critcism of the supertitous aspects of tradition, and subsequently, it analyzes his position, inspired by Descartes, regarding the physical nature of comets as opposed to the aristotelian cosmology, trough the analysis of five key issues: influence of distance, propagation of light, interaction between particles, difference between systems and problem of qualities.
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  6. Bayle.Jean-Luc Solere - 2017 - In S. Golob and J. Timmermann (ed.), The Cambridge History of Moral Philosophy. Cambridge, UK: pp. 157-267.
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  7. Bayle and Panpsychism.Jean-Luc Solère - 2017 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 99 (1):64-101.
    Pierre Bayle shows that, in order to avoid devastating objections, materialism should postulate that the property of thinking does not emerge from certain material combinations but is present in matter from the start and everywhere—a hypothesis recently revived and labelled “panpsychism”. There are reasons for entertaining the idea that Bayle actually considers this enhanced materialism to be tenable, as it might use the same line of defence that Bayle outlined for Stratonism. However, this would lead to a view similar to (...)
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  8. Leibniz and the Stoics: Fate, Freedom, and Providence.David Forman - 2016 - In John Sellars (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of the Stoic Tradition. Routledge. pp. 226-242.
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  9. Leibniz, Bayle and the Controversy on Sudden Change.Markku Roinila - 2016 - In Giovanni Scarafile & Leah Gruenpeter Gold (eds.), Paradoxes of Conflict. Springer. pp. 29-40.
    will give an overview of the fascinating communication between G. W. Leibniz and Pierre Bayle on pre-established harmony and sudden change in the soul which started from Bayle’s footnote H to the article “Rorarius” in his Dictionnaire historique et critique (1697) and ended in 1706 with Bayle’s death. I will compare the views presented in the communication to Leibniz’s reflections on the soul in his partly concurrent Nouveaux essais sur l’entendement humain (1704) and argue that many topics in the communication (...)
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  10. Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique Et Critique.Mara van der Lugt - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In his own day, the name of Pierre Bayle was as famous as that of any philosopher in Europe. Yet despite his vast influence on the eighteenth century and the Enlightenment, Bayle's name was eclipsed by those of other, more methodical thinkers of his age, eliciting the following remark from one modern scholar, J.C. Laursen: 'Why do professional philosophers spend so much time on Descartes and so little time on Pierre Bayle, when Bayle was clearly the better philosopher?'In the past (...)
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  11. Leibniz and Bayle on Divine Permission.Joseph Anderson - 2015 - In Christian Leduc, Paul Rateau & Jean-Luc Solere (eds.), Leibniz et Bayle: confrontation et dialogue. Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag. pp. 383-396.
    In popular opinion, Leibniz’s work on the problem of evil is thought to begin and end with the claim that this is the best of all possible worlds, as if this were all that Leibniz needed to defend the justice of God. In many places, however, Leibniz is concerned to remove from God the actual agency for the evils in the world. By examining Leibniz’s uses of the concept of divine permission, one might find a Leibniz for whom the best-possible-world (...)
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  12. Bayle, Pierre.Kristen Irwin - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Pierre Bayle Pierre Bayle was a seventeenth-century French skeptical philosopher and historian. He is best known for his encyclopedic work The Historical and Critical Dictionary, a work which was widely influential on eighteenth-century figures such as Voltaire and Thomas Jefferson. Bayle is traditionally described as a skeptic, though … Continue reading Bayle, Pierre →.
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  13. Leibniz Et Bayle: Confrontation Et Dialogue.Christian Leduc, Paul Rateau & Jean-Luc Solere - 2015 - Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  14. Pierre Bayle and the Red Herring.Antony McKenna - 2015 - In Winfried Schröder (ed.), Reading Between the Lines - Leo Strauss and the History of Early Modern Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 193-220.
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  15. Jolley, Nicholas , Causality and Mind: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy . Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Markku Roinila - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (2):97-99.
    Causality and Mind presents seventeen of Nicholas Jolley's essays on early modern philosophy, which focus on two main themes. One theme is the continuing debate over the nature of causality in the period from Descartes to Hume. Jolley shows that, despite his revolutionary stance, Descartes did no serious re-thinking about causality; it was left to his unorthodox disciple Malebranche to argue that there is no place for natural causality in the new mechanistic picture of the physical world. Several essays explore (...)
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  16. Création continuelle, concours divin et théodicée dans le débat Bayle-Jaquelot-Leibniz.Jean-Luc Solere - 2015 - In Chr. Leduc, P. Rateau and J.-L. Solère, eds., Leibniz et Bayle: Confrontation et Dialogue. Hanover, Germany: pp. 395-424.
  17. Bayle on the (Ir)Rationality of Religious Belief.Kristen Irwin - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (6):560-569.
    Bayle's conception of reason is notoriously difficult to unravel, as are its consequences for the rationality of religious belief. The secondary literature has generally coalesced around two interpretations of Bayle's conception of reason. The “superskeptical” interpretation holds that reason is the source of its own undoing, not to be trusted; religious belief turns out to be irrational on this conception of reason, but this is hardly cause for alarm. The jusqu'au bout (to the very end) interpretation holds that reason is (...)
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  18. The Politics of Appropriation: Erasmus and Bayle.Wiep van Bunge - 2013 - Erasmus of Rotterdam Society Yearbook 33 (01):3-21.
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  19. The Cartesian Doctor, François Bayle , on Psychosomatic Explanation.Patricia Easton - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):203-209.
  20. Reductio Ad Malum.Michael W. Hickson - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3/4):201-221.
    Pierre Bayle is perhaps most well-known for arguing in his Dictionary (1697) that the problem of evil cannot be solved by reason alone. This skepticism about theodicy is usually credited to a religious crisis suffered by Bayle in 1685 following the unjust imprisonment and death of his brother, the death of his father, and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. But in this paper I argue that Bayle was skeptical about theodicy a decade earlier than these events, from at (...)
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  21. Reductio Ad Malum: Bayle’s Early Skepticism About Theodicy.Michael W. Hickson - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (3/4):201-221.
    Pierre Bayle is perhaps most well-known for arguing in his Dictionary that the problem of evil cannot be solved by reason alone. This skepticism about theodicy is usually credited to a religious crisis suffered by Bayle in 1685 following the unjust imprisonment and death of his brother, the death of his father, and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. But in this paper I argue that Bayle was skeptical about theodicy a decade earlier than these events, from at least (...)
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  22. Confucianism, Secularism, and Atheism in Bayle and Montesquieu.Simon Kow - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (1):39-52.
    It should be hardly surprising to discover that eighteenth-century European perspectives of other cultures were shaped to a large extent by concerns internal to European political life. Objective or unprejudiced accounts of non-European cultures are rarely found among travellers, missionaries, and philosophers of the time. While the insights of Enlightenment political thinkers on the non-European world may shed little light on the cultures being commented upon, they are useful for assessing the nature of the Enlightenment's engagement with cultural traditions external (...)
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  23. Blind Spots in the Toleration Literature.John Christian Laursen - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (3):307-322.
    Classic theories of religious toleration from the 17th century regularly made exceptions for various categories of people such as Catholics and atheists who need not be tolerated. From a contemporary perspective these may be understood as blind spots because at least some of us would argue that these exceptions were not necessary. This essay explores the toleration theories of John Milton, Benedict de Spinoza, Denis Veiras, John Locke and Pierre Bayle in order to assess whether they actually called for such (...)
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  24. Pyrrhonism in Ancient, Modern, and Contemporary Philosophy.Diego E. Machuca (ed.) - 2011 - Springer.
    In recent years, there has been renewed interest in Pyrrhonism among both philosophers and historians of philosophy. This skeptical tradition is complex and multifaceted, since the Pyrrhonian arguments have been put into the service of different enterprises or been approached in relation to interests which are quite distinct. The diversity of conceptions and uses of Pyrrhonism accounts for the diversity of the challenges it is deemed to pose and of the attempts to meet them. The present volume brings together twelve (...)
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  25. Bayle's Presocratics.Glenn W. Most - 2011 - In Oliver Primavesi & Katharina Luchner (eds.), The Presocratics From the Latin Middle Ages to Hermann Diels. Steiner Verlag.
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  26. A Tolerância E Sua Medida Em John Locke E Pierre Bayle.Maria Cecília Pedreira de Almeida - 2010 - Princípios 17 (27):31-52.
    Resumo : Os escritos de John Locke e Pierre Bayle sobre a tolerância contribuíram decisivamente para a formaçáo do discurso filosófico sobre aquele conceito, que será amplamente divulgado no século XVIII. A doutrina de Locke afirma que o indivíduo tem certos direitos, que estáo intrinsecamente relacionados com a sua liberdade e devem ser respeitados pelo Estado. Bayle também foi um defensor da tolerância, exaltando a liberdade de consciência do indivíduo. No entanto há divergências entre estes dois pensadores: Locke propõe limites (...)
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  27. Le Rayonnement de Bayle.Philippe de Robert, Claudine Pailhès & Hubert Bost (eds.) - 2010 - Voltaire Foundation.
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  28. The Core Mysteries: Pierre Bayle's Philosophical Fideism.Kristen Irwin - 2010 - Dissertation, Proquest
    This dissertation develops an original interpretation of the relationship between reason and religious belief in the work of Pierre Bayle, a seventeenth-century skeptic, that I call “philosophical fideism.” The underdetermined, and often paradoxical, nature of Bayle’s writing makes interpreting him a formidable task; I therefore begin by sketching out the contemporary interpretive landscape of Bayle studies, currently deeply divided over the issue of Bayle’s conception of the reason-faith relationship. I subsequently examine other conceptions of the reason-faith relationship among rationalists and (...)
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  29. The Archeology of Skepticism.John Christian Laursen - 2010 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 2 (3):197-203.
    Skepticism is a central aspect of our intellectual heritage, even if many of us do not recognize it. Only in recent decades has the intellectual archeology been done that enables to see this part of our heritage and its role in how we came to think the way we do. Gianni Paganini's Skepsis . Le debat des modernes sur le scepticisme (2008) is the most important recent work in this archeology, bringing out the role of early modern thinkers from Montaigne (...)
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  30. Bayle, Historian and Critic of Philosophy.Flavio Fontenelle Loque - 2010 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 65 (1):145-148.
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  31. Scepticisme, métaphysique et morale : le cas Bayle.Jean-Luc Solere - 2010 - In Hubert Bost & Anthony McKenna (eds.), Les « Éclaircissements » de Bayle. Paris, France: pp. 499-524.
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  32. Pierre Bayle's Cartesian Metaphysics: Rediscovering Early Modern Philosophy (Review).Robert Sparling - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (4):528-529.
    Given the difficulties of Pierre Bayle’s writing—its occasional nature, its digressive and wandering style, and its sheer size—it is no small task to present him as an author of a coherent metaphysical doctrine. But Todd Ryan does just that in this cogently-argued analysis of Bayle’s encounters with, among others, Descartes, Malebranche, Locke, Leibniz, and Spinoza. We are thus invited, as the subtitle indicates, to “rediscover early modern philosophy” by way of Bayle’s philosophical engagements.The main fault line in Bayle scholarship concerns (...)
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  33. Pierre Bayle and the Infantium Lawsuit: Rummaging in a Drawer of Forgotten Dictionnaire.Pasquale Terracciano - 2010 - Rinascimento 50:127-162.
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  34. Bayle et l'éthique épicurienne.Fernando Bahr - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):407-421.
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  35. Bayle propose-t-il une histoire de la philosophie?Hubert Bost - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):295-311.
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  36. Calvin at the Centre.Paul Helm - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    An exploration of the consequences of various ideas in the thought of John Calvin, and the influence of his ideas on later theologians. The emphasis is on philosophical ideas within Calvin's theology, dealing in turn with epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical issues. Helm provides a fresh perspective on Calvin's theological context and legacy.
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  37. La philosophie comme méthodologie: la conception sceptico-rationaliste de la raison Chez Bayle.Kristen Irwin - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):363-376.
    Bayle est souvent considéré comme sceptique, mais sa conception de la raison n’est pas toujours claire ; ce qui en revanche est clair, c’est qu’il manifeste une profonde méfiance à l’égard des capacités de la raison de livrer une connaissance certaine. Cependant, une nouvelle interprétation de Bayle comme rationaliste « stratonicien » a été développée par Gianluca Mori, qui donne une description détaillée de Bayle comme philosophe critique désireux de rendre compte de toutes positions possibles dans leur complexité et de (...)
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  38. Review of Todd Ryan, Pierre Bayle's Cartesian Metaphysics: Rediscovering Early Modern Philosophy[REVIEW]Thomas M. Lennon - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (8).
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  39. Montaigne's and Bayle's Variations : The Philosophical Form of Skepticism in Politics.Renato Lessa - 2009 - In Maia Neto, José Raimundo, Gianni Paganini & John Christian Laursen (eds.), Skepticism in the Modern Age: Building on the Work of Richard Popkin. Brill.
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  40. The Bayle Experiment: Philosophical Form, Cetiscism, Belief and Configuration of the Human World.Renato Lessa - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):461-475.
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  41. Pierre Bayle and the Status of Sceptic Atheism.Gianni Paganini - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):391-406.
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  42. Pierre Bayle et le statut de l'athéisme sceptique.Gianni Paganini - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):391-406.
  43. Bayle et la controverse sur l'éternité du monde.Todd Ryan - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):335-348.
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  44. Pierre Bayle's Cartesian Metaphysics: Rediscovering Early Modern Philosophy.Todd Ryan - 2009 - Routledge.
    In his magnum opus, the _Historical and Critical Dictionary_, Pierre Bayle offered a series of brilliant criticisms of the major philosophical and theological systems of the 17 th Century. Although officially skeptical concerning the attempt to provide a definitive account of the truths of metaphysics, there is reason to see Bayle as a reluctant skeptic. In particular, Todd Ryan contends that Bayle harbored deep sympathy for the attempt by Descartes and his most innovative successor, Nicolas Malebranche, to establish a metaphysical (...)
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  45. Bayle e os impasses da razão.Plínio Junqueira Smith - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):377-390.
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  46. Bayle historien et critique du matérialisme dans le dictionnaire.Jean-Luc Solère - 2009 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 50 (120):423-436.
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  47. Reseña de "Dos Vidas de Heterodoxos" de Pierre Bayle.H. Bost - 2008 - Ideas Y Valores 57 (137):178-181.
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  48. Pierre Bayle , le Philosophe de Rotterdam: Philosophy, Religion and Reception: Selected Papers of the Tercentenary Conference Held at Rotterdam, 7–8 December 2006. [REVIEW]Wiep van Bunge & Hans Bots (eds.) - 2008 - Brill.
    This book contains 15 essays on the philosophy, theology and reception of Pierre Bayle, who is now generally regarded as one of the key authors of the early Enlightenment.
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  49. Pierre Bayle.Thomas M. Lennon - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  50. Pierre Bayle , le Philosophe de Rotterdam: Philosophy, Religion and Reception: Selected Papers of the Tercentenary Conference Held at Rotterdam, 7–8 December 2006. [REVIEW]Wiep van Bunge & Hans Bots (eds.) - 2008 - Brill.
    This book contains 15 essays on the philosophy, theology and reception of Pierre Bayle, who is now generally regarded as one of the key authors of the early Enlightenment.
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