Plato

Edited by Hugh Benson (University of Oklahoma)
About this topic
Summary Plato (ca. 427-347 B.C.E.) was an Athenian philosopher who is widely recognized among the most important philosophers of the Western world.  Plato can be plausibly credited with the invention of philosophy as we understand it today – the rational, rigorous, and systematic study of fundamental questions concerning ethics, politics, psychology, theology, epistemology, and metaphysics.  He wrote primarily in dialogue form.  Among his most influential views are a commitment to the distinction between changeless, eternal forms and changeable, observable ordinary objects, the immortality of the soul, the distinction between knowledge and true belief and the view that knowledge is in some way recollection, that philosophers should be rulers and rulers philosophers, and that justice is in some way welcomed for its own sake.  He was a follower of Socrates, significantly influenced Aristotle, the Stoics, the Academic skeptics, Plotinus, among others, and founded the Academy, perhaps the first institution of higher learning in the west.
Key works Among the most well-known of Plato’s works (26 generally acknowledged dialogues and 13 more doubtful letters) are the Apology, Crito, Euthyphro, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno, Phaedo, Republic, Symposium, Theaetetus, and Timaeus.  The standard English translations of the complete works can be found in Cooper & Hutchinson 1997.
Introductions A good place to start studying Plato in general is the entry in Stanford Encyclopedia, Kraut 2008, Hare 1982, and Annas 2003.  Important collections of essays include Vlastos 1973, Kraut 1992, Fine 1999, Fine 1999, Fine 2008, and Benson 2006.
Related categories
Subcategories:
Plato, Misc (680)
History/traditions: Plato

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  1. Plato. Philebus and Epinomis.A. E. Taylor - 1959 - Philosophy 34 (129):182-183.
  2. L'Être Et la Forme Selon Platon: Essai Sur la Dialectique Platonicienne. [REVIEW]R. A. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (2):364-364.
  3. Plato.N. A. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):528-529.
  4. Georgij Acanthij Kelhaimeri Philosophiae Platonicae Libri Tres. Cum Locuplete Rerum & Uerborum in Ijsdem Memorabilium Indice.Georgius Acanthius & Joannes Oporinus - 1554 - Per Ioannem Oporinum.
  5. Plato and Analytical Philosophy.Ackeren Marcel Van - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (2):263-275.
  6. Review: Plato and Analytical Philosophy. [REVIEW]Marcel Van Ackeren - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (2):263 - 275.
  7. Harold Cherniss: Selected Papers (Edited by Leonardo Tarán). Pp. Ix + 575; Photograph of Author. Leiden: Brill, 1977. Fl. 140. [REVIEW]J. L. Ackrill - 1979 - The Classical Review 29 (02):343-344.
  8. Demos on Plato: Comments.J. L. Ackrill - 1964 - Journal of Philosophy 61 (20):610-613.
  9. Elfriede Huber-Abrahamowicz: Das Problem der Kunst Bet Platon. Pp. Vii+64. Winterthur, Switzerland: P. G. Keller, 1954. Paper. [REVIEW]J. L. Ackrill - 1956 - The Classical Review 6 (02):164-165.
  10. Love and Morality in Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Aquinas.Don Edgar Innis Adams - 1988 - Dissertation, Cornell University
    One of the more attractive features of Greek moral philosophy and its medieval dependents is that it provides an obvious motivation for being moral: rational self-interest. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Aquinas are all rational egoists, and each argues that acting only for the sake of one's own happiness is compatible with treating other people morally. Each bridges the gap between egoism and altruism by arguing that a rational person has sufficient reason to care about other people. This raises two main (...)
  11. Schanz's Collation of the Bodleian Plato.C. S. Adamson - 1893 - The Classical Review 7 (10):444-448.
  12. Platonisms: Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern.Crystal Addey - 2008 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 2 (1):88-92.
  13. Rudolf Stein: Megaloprepeia Bei Platon. (Bonn Diss.) Pp. 189. Bonn: Privately Printed, 1965. Paper.A. W. H. Adkins - 1971 - The Classical Review 21 (02):290-.
  14. Platonismus: Weg Und Wesen Abendländischen Philosophierens.Karl Albert - 2008 - Wbg, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  15. The Platonic Doctrines of Albinus.Jeremiah Alcuin & Reedy - 1991
  16. A Note on the Institutional Context of Plato's "Protagoras".C. Fred Alford - 1988 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 81 (3):167.
  17. Jean Van Camp Et Paul Canart: Le Sens du Mot Θε Ος Chez Platon. Pp. 452. Louvain: Nauwelaerts, 1956. Paper, 375 B. Fr.D. J. Allan - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (02):170-171.
  18. L. A. Post: The Vatican Plato and its Relations. Pp. Xi+116. Middletown, Connecticut: American Philological Association, 1934. Cloth. [REVIEW]D. J. Allan - 1935 - The Classical Review 49 (05):204-.
  19. An Examination of Plato's Doctrines. I. Plato on Man and Society.R. E. Allen & I. M. Crombie - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (4):528.
  20. Conrado Eggers Lan: Las nociones de tiempo y eternidad de Horneto a Platón. (Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios Clásicos, 19.) Pp. 222. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1984. Paper. [REVIEW]J. M. Alonso-Núñez - 1987 - The Classical Review 37 (02):309-310.
  21. Battling for the Soul of Plato Michael C. Stokes: Plato's Socratic Conversations. Drama and Dialectic in Three Dialogues. Pp. Xiii + 520. London: Athlone Press, 1986. £28. [REVIEW]Julia Annas - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (01):62-64.
  22. Therapeia: Plato's Conception of Philosophy. [REVIEW]John P. Anton - 1960 - Journal of Philosophy 57 (13):455-460.
  23. Platons Dialog Theätet.Otto Apelt - 1912 - The Monist 22:320.
  24. A Last Word.R. D. Archer-Hind - 1889 - The Classical Review 3 (05):219-220.
  25. “platon Im Kontext. Sämtliche Werkse Auf Cd-rom.“ Und “fichte Im Kontext. Werke Auf Cd-rom“.Christoph Asmuth - 1999 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 4 (1):249-251.
  26. Lexicon Platonicum, Sive Vocum Platonicarum Index.Friedrich Ast - 1835 - Habelt.
    The German philosopher and philologist Friedrich Ast published this monumental lexicon in three volumes. A professor of classical literature at the University of Landshut and member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Ast wrote widely on the history of philosophy. He edited a complete edition of Plato with Latin translation, identifying spurious interpolations and false attributions, using this as a basis for his Lexicon. The work is arranged alphabetically, Volume 1 covering Alpha to Epsilon. The entries give citations both from (...)
  27. On Reading Plato Mimetically.Hayden W. Ausland - 1997 - American Journal of Philology 118 (3):371-416.
  28. "Plato (1950-1957)," Lustrum.R. S. B. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):524-524.
  29. Ssai Critique Et Theorique Sur l'Association En Psychologie. [REVIEW]Charles M. Bakewell - 1908 - Ancient Philosophy 18:479.
  30. Plato und der Heraklitismus: ein Beitrag sum Problem der Historie im platonischen Dialog (Philologus, Supplementband XXIII, Heft I). Von Emil Weerts. Pp. 84. Leipzig: Dieterich, 1931. Paper, M. 5.50 (bound, 7). [REVIEW]H. C. Baldry - 1932 - The Classical Review 46 (05):232-.
  31. La Terapeutica Filosofica: Sul Paradigma Platonico.A. Giuseppe Balistreri - 2004 - Lampi di Stampa.
    L'uomo è l'essere aperto, mancante, indefinito, in quanto tale bisognoso al suo essere.
  32. Christopher Rowe, Plato and the Art of Philosophical Writing.Chloe Balla - 2009 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science 11:71-75.
    Review of Christopher Rowe, Plato and the Art of Philosophical Writing, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007.
  33. Symposium on Plato.Edward G. Ballard - 1966 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):101-101.
  34. Beyond the Comedy and Tragedy of Authority: The Invisible Father in Plato's.Claudia Baracchi - 2001 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (2):151-176.
  35. The Vulture Epistle.A. A. Barb - 1950 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 13 (3/4):318-322.
  36. Wilhelm Brandenstein: Atlantis: Grösse und Untergang eines geheimnisvollen Inselreiches. Pp. 105. Vienna: Gerold, 1951. Paper, 6.S. 32. [REVIEW]Ernest Barker - 1953 - The Classical Review 3 (01):56-.
  37. Platonic Prosopography D. Nails: The People of Plato. A Prosopography of Plato and Other Socratics . Pp. Xlviii + 414, Maps. Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 2002. Cased, £49. ISBN: 0-87220-564-. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (2):443.
  38. The Epinomis Leonardo Tarán: Academica: Plato, Philip of Opus, and the Pseudo-Platonic Epinomis. Pp. Viii + 417. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1975. Cloth, $20. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (02):170-171.
  39. Plato on Conventionalism.R. Barney - 1997 - Phronesis 42 (2):143 - 162.
    A new reading of Plato's account of conventionalism about names in the Cratylus. It argues that Hermogenes' position, according to which a name is whatever anybody 'sets down' as one, does not have the counterintuitive consequences usually claimed. At the same time, Plato's treatment of conventionalism needs to be related to his treatment of formally similar positions in ethics and politics. Plato is committed to standards of objective natural correctness in all such areas, despite the problematic consequences which, as he (...)
  40. Eidos Und Psyche in der Lebensphilosophie Platons.Heinrich Barth, G. Lowes Dickinson & Jean Ithurriague - 1934 - Philosophical Review 43 (1):88-90.
  41. Note on ΑΙΝΙΤΤΕΣΘΑΙ, Plato, Apology, 27A, 21B.Samuel E. Bassett - 1928 - The Classical Review 42 (02):58-.
  42. Philosophy and Mathematics, From Plato to the Present.Robert J. Baum - 1973 - San Francisco, Freeman, Cooper.
  43. Die Seele-Staat-Analogie Im Blick Auf Platon, Kant Und Schiller.Peter Baumanns - 2007 - Königshausen & Neumann.
  44. Why Should Plato's Philosopher Be Moral and, Hence, Rule?Joseph Beatty - 1976 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2):132.
  45. Drei abhandlungen zum lehrgedicht Des parmeniDes.Oskar Becker † - 1964 - Kant-Studien 55 (1-4):255-259.
  46. Platons Gesprachsdramaturgie und der Leser: Zwei Beispiele aus der iPoliteia/i.Alexander Becker - 2011 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 14 (1):84-102.
  47. PRESENT OR AORIST? B. Jacquinod, J. Lallot, O. Mortier-Waldschmidt, G. Wakker (edd.): Études sur l'aspect chez Platon . Pp. 381. Saint-Étienne: Publications de l'Université de Saint-Étienne, 2000. Paper, frs. 180/€27.44. ISBN: 2-86272-193-X. [REVIEW]Frank Beetham - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (02):256-.
  48. The Archaeology of the Soul: Platonic Readings in Ancient Poetry and Philosophy.Seth Benardete - 2012 - St. Augustine's Press.
  49. Dlaczego Platon nie wykluczył poetów z państwa?Henryk Benisz - 2008 - Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 14.
  50. Preface.Eugenia Benitez - 1996 - Apeiron 29 (4):vii-viii.
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