Plato

Edited by Hugh Benson (University of Oklahoma)
Assistant editor: Mark Hallap (University of Western Ontario)
About this topic
Summary Plato (ca. 427-347 B.C.E.) was an Athenian philosopher who is widely recognized among the most important philosophers of the Western world.  Plato can be plausibly credited with the invention of philosophy as we understand it today – the rational, rigorous, and systematic study of fundamental questions concerning ethics, politics, psychology, theology, epistemology, and metaphysics.  He wrote primarily in dialogue form.  Among his most influential views are a commitment to the distinction between changeless, eternal forms and changeable, observable ordinary objects, the immortality of the soul, the distinction between knowledge and true belief and the view that knowledge is in some way recollection, that philosophers should be rulers and rulers philosophers, and that justice is in some way welcomed for its own sake.  He was a follower of Socrates, significantly influenced Aristotle, the Stoics, the Academic skeptics, Plotinus, among others, and founded the Academy, perhaps the first institution of higher learning in the west.
Key works Among the most well-known of Plato’s works (26 generally acknowledged dialogues and 13 more doubtful letters) are the Apology, Crito, Euthyphro, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno, Phaedo, Republic, Symposium, Theaetetus, and Timaeus.  The standard English translations of the complete works can be found in Cooper & Hutchinson 1997.
Introductions A good place to start studying Plato in general is the entry in Stanford Encyclopedia, Kraut 2008, Hare 1982, and Annas 2003.  Important collections of essays include Vlastos 1973, Kraut 1992, Fine 1999, Fine 1999, Fine 2008, and Benson 2006.
Related categories
Subcategories:
Plato, Misc (737)
History/traditions: Plato

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  1. Georgij Acanthij Kelhaimeri Philosophiae Platonicae Libri Tres. Cum Locuplete Rerum & Uerborum in Ijsdem Memorabilium Indice.Georgius Acanthius & Joannes Oporinus - 1554 - Per Ioannem Oporinum.
  2. Review: Plato and Analytical Philosophy. [REVIEW]Marcel Van Ackeren - 2005 - Erkenntnis 62 (2):263 - 275.
  3. Harold Cherniss: Selected Papers (Edited by Leonardo Tarán). Pp. Ix + 575; Photograph of Author. Leiden: Brill, 1977. Fl. 140. [REVIEW]J. L. Ackrill - 1979 - The Classical Review 29 (02):343-344.
  4. Demos on Plato: Comments.J. L. Ackrill - 1964 - Journal of Philosophy 61 (20):610-613.
  5. Elfriede Huber-Abrahamowicz: Das Problem der Kunst Bet Platon. Pp. Vii+64. Winterthur, Switzerland: P. G. Keller, 1954. Paper. [REVIEW]J. L. Ackrill - 1956 - The Classical Review 6 (02):164-165.
  6. Schanz's Collation of the Bodleian Plato.C. S. Adamson - 1893 - The Classical Review 7 (10):444-448.
  7. Rudolf Stein: Megaloprepeia Bei Platon. (Bonn Diss.) Pp. 189. Bonn: Privately Printed, 1965. Paper.A. W. H. Adkins - 1971 - The Classical Review 21 (02):290-.
  8. Platonismus: Weg Und Wesen Abendländischen Philosophierens.Karl Albert - 2008 - Wbg, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  9. Jean Van Camp Et Paul Canart: Le Sens du Mot Θε Ος Chez Platon. Pp. 452. Louvain: Nauwelaerts, 1956. Paper, 375 B. Fr.D. J. Allan - 1959 - The Classical Review 9 (02):170-171.
  10. L. A. Post: The Vatican Plato and its Relations. Pp. Xi+116. Middletown, Connecticut: American Philological Association, 1934. Cloth. [REVIEW]D. J. Allan - 1935 - The Classical Review 49 (05):204-.
  11. Conrado Eggers Lan: Las nociones de tiempo y eternidad de Horneto a Platón. (Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios Clásicos, 19.) Pp. 222. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1984. Paper. [REVIEW]J. M. Alonso-Núñez - 1987 - The Classical Review 37 (02):309-310.
  12. Battling for the Soul of Plato Michael C. Stokes: Plato's Socratic Conversations. Drama and Dialectic in Three Dialogues. Pp. Xiii + 520. London: Athlone Press, 1986. £28. [REVIEW]Julia Annas - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (01):62-64.
  13. A Last Word.R. D. Archer-Hind - 1889 - The Classical Review 3 (05):219-220.
  14. The Problem of Human Life, as Viewed by the Great Thinkers From Plato to the Present Time. [REVIEW]A. C. Armstrong - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19 (2):215-216.
  15. Peter Sloterdijk , Platon. Ausgewählt und eingeleitet von Rafael Ferber Aristoteles. [REVIEW]Malmsheimer Arne - 1998 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 3 (1):237-243.
  16. "Plato (1950-1957)," Lustrum.R. S. B. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):524-524.
  17. Plato und der Heraklitismus: ein Beitrag sum Problem der Historie im platonischen Dialog (Philologus, Supplementband XXIII, Heft I). Von Emil Weerts. Pp. 84. Leipzig: Dieterich, 1931. Paper, M. 5.50 (bound, 7). [REVIEW]H. C. Baldry - 1932 - The Classical Review 46 (05):232-.
  18. La Terapeutica Filosofica: Sul Paradigma Platonico.A. Giuseppe Balistreri - 2004 - Lampi di Stampa.
    L'uomo è l'essere aperto, mancante, indefinito, in quanto tale bisognoso al suo essere.
  19. Symposium on Plato.Edward G. Ballard - 1966 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):101-101.
  20. Beyond the Comedy and Tragedy of Authority: The Invisible Father in Plato's.Claudia Baracchi - 2001 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (2):151-176.
  21. Wilhelm Brandenstein: Atlantis: Grösse und Untergang eines geheimnisvollen Inselreiches. Pp. 105. Vienna: Gerold, 1951. Paper, 6.S. 32. [REVIEW]Ernest Barker - 1953 - The Classical Review 3 (01):56-.
  22. Platonic Prosopography D. Nails: The People of Plato. A Prosopography of Plato and Other Socratics . Pp. Xlviii + 414, Maps. Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 2002. Cased, £49. ISBN: 0-87220-564-. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 2005 - The Classical Review 55 (2):443.
  23. The Epinomis Leonardo Tarán: Academica: Plato, Philip of Opus, and the Pseudo-Platonic Epinomis. Pp. Viii + 417. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1975. Cloth, $20. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (02):170-171.
  24. Plato on Conventionalism.Rachel Barney - 1997 - Phronesis 42 (2):143 - 162.
    A new reading of Plato's account of conventionalism about names in the Cratylus. It argues that Hermogenes' position, according to which a name is whatever anybody 'sets down' as one, does not have the counterintuitive consequences usually claimed. At the same time, Plato's treatment of conventionalism needs to be related to his treatment of formally similar positions in ethics and politics. Plato is committed to standards of objective natural correctness in all such areas, despite the problematic consequences which, as he (...)
  25. Note on ΑΙΝΙΤΤΕΣΘΑΙ, Plato, Apology, 27A, 21B.Samuel E. Bassett - 1928 - The Classical Review 42 (02):58-.
  26. Die Seele-Staat-Analogie Im Blick Auf Platon, Kant Und Schiller.Peter Baumanns - 2007 - Königshausen & Neumann.
  27. Drei abhandlungen zum lehrgedicht Des parmeniDes.Oskar Becker † - 1964 - Kant-Studien 55 (1-4):255-259.
  28. Platons Gesprachsdramaturgie und der Leser: Zwei Beispiele aus der iPoliteia/i.Alexander Becker - 2011 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 14 (1):84-102.
  29. PRESENT OR AORIST? B. Jacquinod, J. Lallot, O. Mortier-Waldschmidt, G. Wakker (edd.): Études sur l'aspect chez Platon . Pp. 381. Saint-Étienne: Publications de l'Université de Saint-Étienne, 2000. Paper, frs. 180/€27.44. ISBN: 2-86272-193-X. [REVIEW]Frank Beetham - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (02):256-.
  30. Dlaczego Platon nie wykluczył poetów z państwa?Henryk Benisz - 2008 - Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 14.
  31. Preface to Dialogues with Plato.Eugenio Benitez - 1996 - Apeiron 29 (4):vii-viii.
  32. Platons Former I Skrift, Konst, Teknik Och Naturvetenskap.I. Bergström - 2008 - Carlssons.
  33. Boehringer, R., Platon, Bildniss Und Nachweise.W. A. Bieber - 1936 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 30:16-17.
  34. Studies in Plato's Two-Level Model.Thomas A. Blackson - 2001 - Ancient Philosophy 21 (2):480-482.
  35. Platon Und Die Schriftlichkeit der Philosophie: Interpretationen Zu den Frühen Und Mittleren Dialogen.D. L. Blank - 1993 - Ancient Philosophy 13 (2):414-426.
  36. Platon, Briefe. Übersetzt und eingeleitet von Johannes Irmscher. Pp. 122. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1960. Cloth, DM. 8.50. [REVIEW]R. S. Bluck - 1961 - The Classical Review 11 (03):291-292.
  37. The past in Plato B. Wilke: Vergangenheit AlS Norm in der Platonischen staatsphilosophie . (Philosophie der antike, 4.) pp. 276. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner verlag, 1997. Cased, €63.00/sw. Frs. 100.80. Isbn: 3-515-06619-. [REVIEW]Dougal Blyth - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (02):254-.
  38. Akrasia and Agency in Plato’s Laws and Republic.Christopher Bobonich - 1994 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 76 (1):3-36.
  39. Agalma: Icone E Simboli Tra Platone E Il Neoplatonismo.Stefania Bonfiglioli - 2008 - Pàtron.
  40. La Caverna de Platón y Los Cuarenta Ladrones: Divertimentos Sobre Filosofía, Religión, Ciencia y Racionalidad.Zamora Bonilla & P. Jesús - 2011 - Pourquoi-Pas Editores.
  41. Two Points of Translation in Plato Epinomis 990 C 5-991 B 4.N. B. Booth - 1957 - Phronesis 2 (2):160 - 161.
  42. Two Points of Translation in Plato Epinomis 990 C 5-991 B 4.N. B. Booth - 1957 - Phronesis 2 (2):160-161.
  43. Rozhdenie Filosofskogo Poni͡atii͡a: Bog I Materii͡a V Dialogakh Platona.T. I͡U Borodaĭ - 2008
  44. The Epinomis of Plato. Translated, with Introduction and Notes, by J. Harward. Pp. 146. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1928. 5s. Net. [REVIEW]H. Box - 1928 - The Classical Review 42 (04):148-.
  45. CROSSMAN, Plato Today. [REVIEW]Braunlich Braunlich - 1939 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 32 (19):221.
  46. Review Articles.Sara Brill - 2007 - Research in Phenomenology 37 (3):456-463.
  47. Plato for the Modern Age.Robert S. Brumbaugh - 1991 - Upa.
    The first one-volume introduction to Plato's biography with a complete account of his works since A.E. Taylor's. It includes a systematic explanation of Plato's theory of forms and concludes with an application of Plato's ideas to the world today.
  48. Symbolism in the Plato Scholia.Robert S. Brumbaugh - 1968 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 31:1-11.
  49. Logical and Mathematical Symbolism in the Plato Scholia, II. A Thousand Years of Diffusion and Redesign.Robert S. Brumbaugh - 1965 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 28:1-13.
  50. Gerhard Müller: Der Aufbau der Bücher II und VII von Platans Gesetzen. Pp. 109. Weida i. Thür.: Thomas und Hubert, 1935. Paper. [REVIEW]R. G. Bury - 1935 - The Classical Review 49 (06):240-.
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