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  1. added 2020-05-24
    Self-Ownership, Mutual Aid, and Mutual Respect: Some Counterexamples to Nozick’s Libertarianism.Mark Fowler - 1980 - Social Theory and Practice 6 (2):227-245.
  2. added 2020-05-23
    Why Outcomes Matter: Reclaiming Distributive Justice.Peter Lindsay - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (4):445-467.
  3. added 2020-05-23
    “Guilt by Association” and the Postwar Civil Libertarians.Ken I. Kersch - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (2):53-75.
    In recent years, the constitutional freedom of association has assumed a relatively low profile. Today, the most extended discussions of the right consider it as a second-order countervailing claim in civil rights cases involving questions of identity and the right to exclude. This article provides a brief overview of the right at a time when it was one of the most widely discussed, first-order constitutional rights, and when those discussions centered not on the right to exclude but on the question (...)
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  4. added 2020-05-23
    Libertarianism Without Inequality.T. Hinton - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (1):142-144.
    Michael Otsuka sets out to vindicate left-libertarianism, a political philosophy which combines stringent rights of control over one's own mind, body, and life with egalitarian rights of ownership of the world. Otsuka reclaims the ideas of John Locke from the libertarian Right, and shows how his Second Treatise of Government provides the theoretical foundations for a left-libertarianism which is both more libertarian and more egalitarian than the Kantian liberal theories of John Rawls and Thomas Nagel. Otsuka's libertarianism is founded on (...)
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  5. added 2020-05-21
    Conservative Libertarianism and Ethics of Borders.Enrique Camacho Beltran - 2015 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 48 (1):227-261.
    Many conservatives endorse a defence of closed borders grounded in basic liberal rights such as the basic right of association. Some conservatives also endorse libertarian principles of legitimacy. It is not clear though that this sort of defence of closed borders is somehow coherent with these libertarian ideals. I argue that conservative libertarians of this kind must reject this defence of closed borders because either it collapses into a form of statism incoherent with libertarian principles of legitimacy, or into an (...)
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  6. added 2020-05-21
    Dealing with Difference Justly: Perspectives on Disability. [REVIEW]Rosemarie Tong - 1999 - Social Theory and Practice 25 (3):519-530.
  7. added 2020-05-17
    Reluctant Panopticians: Reply to Sunstein.Andreas Kapsner & Barbara Sandfuchs - 2017 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 8 (3):709-715.
    In this note, we would like to respond to some remarks with which Cass Sunstein has, in turn, responded to our paper 'Nudges as a Threat to Privacy' in this journal. First, we address his contention that nudges are among the less problematic government practices as regards to privacy issues. Second, as he has clarified in his response that he doesn't think an all too well-informed government would be a good idea, we point out that this leaves a gaping hole (...)
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  8. added 2020-05-16
    Justifying the State From Rights-Based Libertarian Premises.J. Mikael Olsson - 2016 - Libertarian Papers 8.
    Although many libertarians share similar moral foundations, they disagree about whether the state can be justified. The most famous libertarian attempt to justify the state is that of Robert Nozick. This attempt has been criticized by, among others, the libertarian anarchist Murray Rothbard. In this article, Nozick’s theory and Rothbard’s critique are discussed, as well as some other attempts to justify the state from libertarian premises. Keeping the criticisms of those theories in mind, an alternative theory, which attempts to bypass (...)
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  9. added 2020-05-15
    Paternalism, Behavioural Economics, Irrationality and State Failure.Mark Pennington - 2016 - European Journal of Political Theory 18 (4):147488511664785.
  10. added 2020-05-13
    Rawls, Libertarianism, and the Employment Problem in Advance.Larry Udell - forthcoming - Social Philosophy Today.
  11. added 2020-05-13
    Paternalism RevisitedGovernment Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?, by Le GrandJulianNewBill. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015.Why Nudge? The Politics of Libertarian Paternalism, by SunsteinCass R.New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - forthcoming - Political Theory:009059171667222.
  12. added 2020-05-12
    Policy-Led Virtue Cultivation : Can We Nudge Citizens Towards Developing Virtues?Fay Niker - 2018 - In Tom Harrison & David Walker (eds.), The Theory and Practice of Virtue Education. London, U.K.: Routledge. pp. 153-167.
    This chapter examines what role new behaviour-modification policies – commonly known as “nudges” – might play in cultivating virtues. At first sight, they would appear to be ruled out as a candidate means; but, by offering a more nuanced analysis, the chapter argues that some nudges have virtue-cultivating properties. It distinguishes between two kinds of nudges – 'automatic-behavioural' and 'discernment-developing' – and shows that what divides them is the ability of the latter, which the former lacks, to play an ecological-educative (...)
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  13. added 2020-05-10
    Why Outcomes Matter: Reclaiming Distributive Justice.Peter Lindsay - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-23.
  14. added 2020-02-11
    Robert Nozick: Property, Justice, and the Minimal State.Alan Ryan - 1992 - Ethics 103 (1):154-157.
  15. added 2020-01-30
    The Philosophical Genie: A Dialogue Introduction to Philosophy.J. C. Lester - 2017 - In Two Dialogues: Introductions to Philosophy and Libertarianism. Buckingham MK18, UK: pp. 1-45.
    Why learn about philosophy? Because it is the master subject; more fundamental than all of the others: it critically examines their fundamental assumptions and presuppositions. And without some grasp of philosophy one cannot be fully educated or even intellectually autonomous: one is the meme-marionette of unexamined traditions, fashions, and commonsense assumptions.
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  16. added 2020-01-30
    Simple Justice / Charles Murray ; Commentaries, Rob Allen ; Edited by David Conway.J. C. Lester - 2005
    Charles Murray describes himself as a libertarian, most notably in his short book, What it Means to be a Libertarian. He might more accurately have described himself as having libertarian tendencies. My reading of Simple Justice is that the views it espouses are far more traditionalist than libertarian. Neither traditionalist state-retribution nor modernist state-leniency is libertarian. Nor does either provide as just or efficient a response to crime as does libertarian restitution, including restitutive retribution. Here, I shall respond directly only (...)
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  17. added 2020-01-30
    For and Against the State: New Philosophical Readings.J. C. Lester - 1996
    Private-property anarchy is better than the state in the enhancement of liberty and welfare. Strictly speaking, market exchange is one aspect of private-property anarchy. But I here focus on market-anarchy as that is a main source of confusion and debate. Similarly, pluralism is another aspect of privateproperty anarchy. I focus on pluralism as an example of a currently popular topic where private-property anarchy is misunderstood. ‘Pluralism’ here means ‘(tolerating) different ways of life’. ‘The market’ means ‘voluntary exchange’. ‘Anarchy’ means ‘no (...)
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  18. added 2020-01-24
    Give Me That Old-Time Justificationism ... Not! A Reply to James R. Otteson’s Review of Escape From Leviathan.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    I thank Professor Otteson for his review of Escape from Leviathan (EFL). His exposition of what I wrote is relatively accurate. I shall here do my best to correct any misunderstandings and reply to his welcome criticisms, ignoring our various points of agreement and his generous praise.
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  19. added 2019-12-16
    Imitations of Libertarian Thought*: RICHARD A. EPSTEIN.Richard A. Epstein - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):412-436.
    Imitation is said to be the sincerest form of flattery. Socially, the proposition may well be true. But in the world of ideas it is false: to the extent that two incompatible traditions use the same words or symbols to articulate different visions of legal or social organization, imitation begets confusion, not enlightenment. The effects of that confusion, moreover, are not confined to the world of ideas, but spill over into the world of politics and public affairs. Words are more (...)
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  20. added 2019-12-15
    A Damned Politician: A Dialogue Introduction to Libertarianism.J. C. Lester - 2017 - In Two Dialogues: Introductions to Philosophy and Libertarianism. Buckingham MK18, UK: pp. 47-88.
    Why learn about libertarianism? Because politics causes or exacerbates the very problems that it purports to solve, or it misperceives voluntary behaviour and free markets as problems. Liberty is always preferable: its maximal practical observance entailing self-ownership, private property, and consensual interactions. And libertarianism will be the ideological framework of the future of humankind.
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  21. added 2019-12-13
    Tibor Foaming with Much Blood: A Reply to Tibor Machan’s Review of Escape From Leviathan.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    As a critical rationalist, I welcome criticism. A serious response can help to elucidate matters even when the criticisms mainly comprise superficial misreadings, misquotations, unsubstantiated assertions, and ill-tempered ad hominems that together amount to a professional disgrace. Thus, I am happy to reply to Professor Machan’s review of Escape from Leviathan.
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  22. added 2019-11-26
    Breaking Boundaries: An Investigation of Libertarian Open Borders.Connor K. Kianpour - 2019 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 23 (1):39-63.
    I will first offer a general understanding of the flavor of libertarianism I will be using as the foundation for my argument for open borders. Then, I will summarize the argument put forth by Joseph Carens in “Aliens and Citizens: The Case for Open Borders,” which consummates the importance of open border policy in maintaining the efficacy of property rights. After, I will supplement an additional argument to Carens’s in order to strengthen it. In this section, I will interpret Robert (...)
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  23. added 2019-11-22
    A Reply To Norman Barry’s Review of Escape From Leviathan.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    As someone who wishes his own book to succeed, I am grateful for a review with such high praise from a well-known classical liberal. As a critical rationalist who wishes to learn from his mistakes, I am grateful for Norman Barry’s thoughtful criticisms. The only way that I can hope to try to repay these and appreciate their full force is by doing my best to reply to them.
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  24. added 2019-09-25
    Libertarian Arguments for Anarchism.Stephen Kershnar - 2011 - Reason Papers 33:137-143.
    Aeon Skoble and other libertarians fail to show that libertarianism supports anarchism. The focus on whether persons would rationally consent to the state misses the issue. Instead, the truth of anarchism depends on whether all or most persons actually have consented to the state. Tacit consent to the acquisition of property rights in previously unowned things provides us with a model as to how valid consent might occur. However, whether persons actually have done so is an empirical issue.
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  25. added 2019-07-26
    Open Borders Without Open Access (Conference Version July 2019).Dan Demetriou - manuscript
    What are libertarian open borders advocates even advocating for? Is it, as the title to Michael Huemer’s influential essay suggests, a prima facie “right to immigrate”? Or is it, as the branding connotes, literal open borders, or a strong prima facie moral right to free movement across borders that entails a right to immigrate? In this paper, I peel apart the view that people have a strong moral right to freely cross international borders, or "open access," from the view that (...)
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  26. added 2019-07-18
    The Point of Self-Ownership.David Sobel - 2018 - In David Schmidtz & Carmen Pavel (eds.), Oxford Handbook on Freedom. Oxford University Press. pp. 124-40.
    I examine what the point of self-ownership might best be thought to be.
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Lockean Freedom and the Proviso’s Appeal to Scientific Knowledge.Helga Varden - 2010 - Social Theory and Practice 36 (1):1-20.
    I argue in this paper that Locke and contemporary Lockeans underestimate the problems involved in their frequent, implicit assumption that when we apply the proviso we use the latest scientific knowledge of natural resources, technology, and the economy’s operations. Problematic for these theories is that much of the pertinent knowledge used is obtained through particular persons’ labor. If the knowledge obtained through individuals’ labor must be made available to everyone and if particular persons’ new knowledge affects the proviso’s proper application, (...)
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    How Libertarianism Opposes Coercive Capitalism: A Reply to Silver: Dialogue.Brian Zamulinski - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (1):137-140.
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    All Goverment is Excessive: A Rejoinder to Dwight Lee's "In Defense of Excessive Government".Walter Block - 2002 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 16 (3):35-82.
  30. added 2019-06-06
    Arguments Within What's Left of the Left: James, Watson and the Question of Method.Brian Meeks - 2001 - Clr James Journal 8 (2):152-177.
  31. added 2019-06-06
    Classical and Conservative Liberalism: Burke, Hayek, Polanyi and Others. [REVIEW]Struan Jacobs - 1999 - Tradition and Discovery 26 (1):5-15.
    An extended discussion of Richard Allen’s Beyond Liberalism: The Political Thought of F. A. Hayek & Michael Polanyi in which the book’s prominent themes and arguments are described, and certain inaccuracies and shortcomings noted.
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    Faulting Engelhardt’s Libertarianism by Default.Thomas J. Bole - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):169-176.
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    On the Failure of Libertarianism to Capture the Popular Imagination*: JONATHAN R. MACEY.Jonathan R. Macey - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (2):372-411.
    In this essay, I identify the reasons that libertarian principles have failed to capture the popular imagination as an acceptable form of civil society. By the term “libertarian” I mean a belief in and commitment to a set of methods and policies that have as their common aim greater freedom under law for individuals. The term “freedom” in this context means not only a commitment to civil liberties, such as freedom of expression, but also to economic liberties, including a commitment (...)
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    The Problems of Postlibertarianism: Reply to Friedman.David L. Brooks - 1994 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 8 (1):85-94.
    Jeffrey Friedman presents positive libertarianism as consisting of an objective morality, autonomy, and moral totalism. He then defines postlibertarianism as a consequentialist positive libertarianism. However, Friedman's claim that the choice of moral axioms is unjustifiable, and an equivocation in his use of the term “moral,” makes his presentation of positive libertarianism incoherent. Nor is Friedman successful in grafting consequentialism onto positive libertarianism. The autonomy of positive libertarianism renders consequentialism superfluous, and the ends of the two systems conflict, for positive libertarianism (...)
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    On Libertarian Anti‐Intellectualism: Rejoinder to Shaw and Anderson & Leal.Jeffrey Friedman - 1994 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 8 (3):483-492.
    Against my claim that free‐market environmentalism cannot solve major environmental problems, my critics deny that such problems exist. Against my contention that FME depends on the democratic policymaking it decries, they retreat from FME to libertarian environmentalism. Against my argument that LE is incoherent, they resort to anti‐intellectualism. These responses stem from demonstrable precommitments to libertarian ideology, suggesting that the debate over FME and LE has profound implications, not only for their practitioners, but for all libertarians and many free‐market social (...)
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Libertarianism: Some Conceptual Problems: Norman Barry.Norman Barry - 1989 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 26:109-127.
    Perhaps the most remarkable event in social thought of the last twenty years has been the resurgence of various strands of individualism as political doctrines. The term ‘individualism’ is a kind of general rubric that encompasses elements of nineteenth century classical liberalism, laissez-faire economics, the theory of the minimal state, and an extreme mutation out of this intellectual gene pool, anarcho-capitalism. The term libertarianism itself is applied indiscriminately to all of those doctrines. It has no precise meaning, except that in (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-05
    Ayn Rand at 100.Tibor R. Machan (ed.) - 2006 - D.K. Publishers Distributors.
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  38. added 2019-06-05
    Book ReviewsAndrew Reeve,, and Andrew Williams,, Eds. Real Libertarianism Assessed: Political Theory After Van Parijs.Houndsmill, Basingstoke: Pelgrave, 2003. Pp. X+223. $68.00. [REVIEW]Gerald F. Gaus - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):830-836.
  39. added 2019-05-21
    Libertarian Bioethics and Religion: The Case of H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.Michael S. Merry - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):387–407.
    In this article I offer a critique of certain moral perspectives that are found in the second edition of Engelhardt’s Foundation of Bioethics. These views are spelled out in explicit detail in his second edition, and follow on the heels of a profound religious conversion. I question some of the conclusions that Engelhardt reaches as they touch upon moral frameworks, pluralism, and a ‘secular’ bioethics.
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  40. added 2019-05-15
    Immanent Liberalism: The Politics of Mutual Consent.Roderick T. Long - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):1-31.
    Part One of Marx's “On the Jewish Question” is a communitarian manifesto, one of the finest and subtlest ever penned. But has it anything valuable to offer defenders of liberalism? I think it does; for in “On the Jewish Question” Marx points to a potential danger into which communitarians are liable to fall, and I shall argue that his discussion sheds light on an analogous peril for liberals. Specifically, Marx distinguishes between a genuine and a spurious form of communitarianism, and (...)
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  41. added 2019-05-13
    The Heterodox 'Fourth Paradigm' of Libertarianism: An Abstract Eleutherology Plus Critical Rationalism.J. C. Lester - 2019 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 23:91-116.
    1) Introduction. 2) The key libertarian insight into property and orthodox libertarianism’s philosophical confusion. 3) Clearer distinctions for applying to what follows: abstract liberty; practical liberty; moral defences; and critical rationalism. 4) The two dominant (‘Lockean’ and ‘Hobbesian’) conceptions of interpersonal liberty. 5) A general account of libertarianism as a subset of classical liberalism and defended from a narrower view. 6) Two abstract (non-propertarian, non-normative) theories of interpersonal liberty developed and defended: ‘the absence of interpersonal proactively-imposed constraints on want-satisfaction’, abbreviated (...)
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  42. added 2019-04-27
    Foundations of a Free Society: Reflections on Ayn Rand's Political Philosophy.Gregory Salmieri & Robert Mayhew - 2019 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Foundations of a Free Society brings together some of the most knowledgeable Ayn Rand scholars and proponents of her philosophy, as well as notable critics, putting them in conversation with other intellectuals who also see themselves as defenders of capitalism and individual liberty. United by the view that there is something importantly right—though perhaps also much wrong—in Rand’s political philosophy, contributors reflect on her views with the hope of furthering our understandings of what sort of society is best and why. (...)
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  43. added 2019-03-03
    Why Do so Many Modern Jobs Seem Pointless? [REVIEW]Roderick T. Long & Roderick Long - 2019 - Reason 50:58-59.
  44. added 2019-02-10
    Rawls, Libertarianism, and the Employment Problem.Larry Udell - 2018 - Social Philosophy Today 34:133-152.
    Barbara Fried described John Rawls’s response to libertarianism as “the unwritten theory of justice.” This paper argues that while there is no need for a new theory of justice to address the libertarian challenge, there is a need for an additional chapter. Taking up Fried’s suggestion that the Rawlsian response would benefit from a revised list of primary goods, I propose to add employment to the list, thus leading to adoption of a full employment principle in the original position that (...)
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  45. added 2019-02-01
    Left and Right, Right and Wrong.Ted Honderich, Dennis O'Keeffe, Jan Lester, Tony McWalter & Kate Soper - 2000 - The Philosophers' Magazine 9 (9):37-41.
    Round-table discussion on the topic of the title. Difficult to abstract more accurately.
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  46. added 2019-01-31
    Book Review: Anarchy, State and Utopia. [REVIEW]Brian Barry - 1975 - Political Theory 3 (3):331-336.
  47. added 2019-01-26
    Mill’s Radical End of Laissez-Faire: A Review Essay of the Political Economy of Progress: John Stuart Mill and Modern Radicalism. [REVIEW]Nick Cowen - 2018 - The Review of Austrian Economics 31:373–386.
    Can John Stuart Mill’s radicalism achieve liberal egalitarian ends? Joseph Persky’s The Political Economy of Progress is a provocative and compelling discussion of Mill’s economic thought. It is also a defense of radical political economy. Providing valuable historical context, Persky traces Mill’s intellectual journey as an outspoken proponent of laissez-faire to a cautious supporter of co-operative socialism. I propose two problems with Persky’s optimistic take on radical social reform. First, demands for substantive equality have led past radicals to endorse exclusionary (...)
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  48. added 2018-12-16
    Comments on Nozick's Entitlement Theory.Lawrence Davis - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (21):836-844.
  49. added 2018-12-15
    Deontology and the Antinomy of Libertarianism: A Response to James Sterba.John Davenport - 1996 - Social Philosophy Today 12:177-218.
  50. added 2018-12-15
    Note on Anarchy, State, and Utopia.James Davidson - 1977 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 1 (4):341-348.
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