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  1. added 2020-06-09
    When Falsification is the Only Path to Truth.Michelle B. Cowley-Cunningham - 2005 - In M. Bucciarelli, L. Barsalou & B. G. Bara (eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, USA: pp. 512-517..
    Can people consistently attempt to falsify, that is, search for refuting evidence, when testing the truth of hypotheses? Experimental evidence indicates that people tend to search for confirming evidence. We report two novel experiments that show that people can consistently falsify when it is the only helpful strategy. Experiment 1 showed that participants readily falsified somebody else’s hypothesis. Their task was to test a hypothesis belonging to an ‘imaginary participant’ and they knew it was a low quality hypothesis. Experiment 2 (...)
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  2. added 2020-01-30
    The Philosophical Genie: A Dialogue Introduction to Philosophy.J. C. Lester - 2017 - In Two Dialogues: Introductions to Philosophy and Libertarianism. Buckingham MK18, UK: pp. 1-45.
    Why learn about philosophy? Because it is the master subject; more fundamental than all of the others: it critically examines their fundamental assumptions and presuppositions. And without some grasp of philosophy one cannot be fully educated or even intellectually autonomous: one is the meme-marionette of unexamined traditions, fashions, and commonsense assumptions.
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  3. added 2020-01-24
    Give Me That Old-Time Justificationism ... Not! A Reply to James R. Otteson’s Review of Escape From Leviathan.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    I thank Professor Otteson for his review of Escape from Leviathan (EFL). His exposition of what I wrote is relatively accurate. I shall here do my best to correct any misunderstandings and reply to his welcome criticisms, ignoring our various points of agreement and his generous praise.
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  4. added 2019-12-20
    El Racionalismo Critico y la Fundamentacion de la Etica in Numero Especial Dedicado a Popper/Special Issue Devoted to Popper.Cs Nino - 1986 - Manuscrito. Revista Internacional de Filosofia 9 (2):39-52.
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Darrell P. Rowbottom Popper's Critical Rationalism: A Philosophical Investigation.D. Gillies - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (1):229-232.
  6. added 2019-06-06
    The ‘Credit Crunch’ From a Critical Rationalist Perspective.Rod Thomas - 2012 - Philosophy of Management 11 (1):5-24.
    Uses Sir Karl Popper’s philosophy of critical rationalism to examine the discussion of the UK ‘credit crunch’ as presented by the public record of the UK House of Commons Treasury Select Committee’s investigation. Identifies various philosophical doctrines that acted to shape that investigation and the testimony presented before it. Presents those doctrines as prejudicial to the advancement of knowledge, learning and rationality. Concludes that the philosophy of critical rationalism is relevant to the problems of modern society.
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    What is the Relevance of Karl Popper’s Critical Rationalism to Management Studies and Practice?Rod Thomas - 2010 - Philosophy of Management 9 (1):5-38.
    This paper revisits some recent contributions on ‘Why Management Theory Needs Popper’ to the journal Philosophy of Management. It proposes that those discussions provided an appraisal of the relevance of Popper’s falsification schema to management theory, but that they did not thereby bring to the fore all of the issues pertinent to a balanced and well-rounded understanding of Popper’s philosophy of critical rationalism. It is argued that such an understanding requires a discussion of what Popper himself declared to be the (...)
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    The ‘Popperian Programme’ And Mathematics: Part II: From Quasi-Empiricism to Mathematical Research Programmes.Eduard Glas - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (2):355-376.
    In the first part of this article I investigated the Popperian roots of Lakatos's Proofs and Refutations, which was an attempt to apply, and thereby to test, Popper's theory of knowledge in a field—mathematics—to which it had not primarily been intended to apply. While Popper's theory of knowledge stood up gloriously to this test, the new application gave rise to new insights into the heuristic of mathematical development, which necessitated further clarification and improvement of some Popperian methodological maxims. In the (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Failures in Criticism: Popper and His Commentators : "The Philosophy of Karl Popper"). [REVIEW]John Mackie - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29:363.
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Über Eine Vermeintliche Entdeckung in der Wissenschaftstheorie: Anmerkungen Zu Janich/Kambartel/Mittelstraß: Wissenschaftstheorie Als Wissenschaftskritik.Theodor Ebert - 1974 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 5 (2):308-316.
    Der Artikel enthält eine Metakritik an einer von Vertretern der 'Erlanger Schule' vorgebrachten Kritik der Wissenschaftstheorie des Kritischen Rationalismus Poppers und Alberts. Von Janich/Kambartel/Mittelstraß war behauptet worden, das bei der Frage der Begründung wissenschaftlicher Sätze auftretende Trilemma von unendlichem Regreß, Zirkelschluß und axiomatischer Grundlegung beruhe auf einem "höchst eingeschränkten Verständnis von Begründung" und könne durch den Begriff der Verteidigung bzw. Verteidigbarkeit von Behauptungssätzen aufgelöst werden. Es wird gezeigt, daß die Auflösung dieses Trilemmas nur vermeintlich ist, weil sie auf einer unzulässigen (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-05
    Popper, Rationality and the Possibility of Social Science.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 28 (1):61-75.
    Social science employs teleological explanations which depend upon the rationality principle, according to which people exhibit instrumental rationality. Popper points out that people also exhibit critical rationality, the tendency to stand back from, and to question or criticise, their views. I explain how our critical rationality impugns the explanatory value of the rationality principle and thereby threatens the very possibility of social science. I discuss the relationship between instrumental and critical rationality and show how we can reconcile our critical rationality (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-02
    Karl Raimund Popper Und Kritischer Rationalismus Interkulturell Gelesen.Harald Stelzer - 2007 - Bautz.
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  13. added 2019-06-02
    Critical Rationalism and Educational Discourse: The Method of Criticism.Gerhard Zecha - 1995 - In Philip Higgs (ed.), Metatheories in Philosophy of Education. [Distributed by] Thorold's Africana Books.
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  14. added 2019-04-17
    Critical Rationalism.Alan Musgrave - 2007 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 93 (1):171.
  15. added 2018-12-09
    The Status of Popper's Theory of Scientific Method.Robert Nola - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (4):441-480.
  16. added 2018-11-01
    Abortion and Infanticide: A Triple Libertarian and Critical-Rationalist Defence.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    From libertarian and critical-rationalist assumptions, the moral permissibility of abortion and infanticide can be explained and defended in three principal ways; although non-libertarians and justificationists could also accept these arguments. These include new theories of personhood (in critical-rationalist terms) and harm-infliction (in libertarian terms). The three defences are independent of each other but collectively consistent. 1) The unborn and infant human is not a person in the relevant intellectual and moral sense, because incapable of critically appraising abstract conjectures. 2) There (...)
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  17. added 2018-07-21
    Biomedical Research and Corporate Interests: A Question of Academic Freedom.L. McHenry - 2008 - Mens Sana Monographs 6 (1):146.
    The current situation in medicine has been described as a crisis of credibility, as the profit motive of industry has taken control of clinical trials and the dissemination of data. Pharmaceutical companies maintain a stranglehold over the content of medical journals in three ways: (1) by ghostwriting articles that bias the results of clinical trials, (2) by the sheer economic power they exert on journals due to the purchase of drug advertisements and journal reprints, and (3) by the threat of (...)
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  18. added 2018-02-17
    The Objectives of Science.David Miller - 2007 - Philosophia Scientiae 11 (1):21-43.
    Contesting the common opinion that, unlike the problem of induction, the problem of demarcation is of little significance, the paper maintains that Popper’s criterion of falsifiability gives an irresistible answer to the question of what can be learnt from an empirical investigation. Everything follows from the rejection of inductive logic, together with the recognition that, before it can be empirically investigated, a hypothesis has to be formulated and accepted. Scientific hypotheses emerge neither a posteriori, as inductivists hold, nor from some (...)
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  19. added 2018-02-16
    Popper’s Critical Rationalism: A Philosophical Investigation.Darrell Rowbottom - 2010 - Routledge.
    _Popper’s Critical Rationalism_ presents Popper’s views on science, knowledge, and inquiry, and examines the significance and tenability of these in light of recent developments in philosophy of science, philosophy of probability, and epistemology. It develops a fresh and novel philosophical position on science, which employs key insights from Popper while rejecting other elements of his philosophy. Central theses include: Crucial questions about scientific method arise at the level of the group, rather than that of the individual. Although criticism is vital (...)
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  20. added 2018-02-10
    Popper and After: Four Modern Irrationalists.D. C. Stove - 1982 - Pergamon Press.
    Stove argues that Popper and his successors in the philosophy of science, Kuhn, Lakatos and Feyerabend, were irrationalists because they were deductivists. That is, they believed all logic is deductive, and thus denied that experimental evidence could make scientific theories logically more probable. The book was reprinted as Anything Goes (1998) and Scientific Irrationalism: Origins of a Postmodern Cult (1998).
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  21. added 2017-11-15
    Arguing with "Libertarianism Without Argument": Critical Rationalism and How It Applies to Libertarianism.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    This is a response to “Libertarianism without Argument”. Various misunderstandings in that text are given replies. Both critical rationalism and how it applies to libertarianism are elucidated and elaborated.
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  22. added 2017-07-15
    The Bid to Transcend Popper, and the Lakatos-Polanyi Connection.Stefania Ruzsits Jha - 2006 - Perspectives on Science 14 (3):318-346.
    Lakatos is considered to be a Popperian who adapted his Hegelian-Marxist training to critical philosophy. I claim this is too narrow and misses Lakatos' goal of understanding scientific inquiry as heuristic inquiry—something he did not find in Popper, but found in Polanyi. Archival material shows that his ‘new method' struggled to overcome what he saw as the Popperian handicap, by using Polanyi.
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  23. added 2017-07-15
    Limits to Problem Solving in Science.Struan Jacobs - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (3):231 – 242.
    Popper, Polanyi and Duncker represent the widely held position that theoretical and experimental scientific research are motivated by problems to which discoveries are solutions. According to the argument here, their views are unsupported and - in light of counter-instances, anomalous chance discoveries, and the force of curiosity - over-generalized.
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  24. added 2017-07-15
    Sir Karl Popper and Education.D. R. McNamara - 1978 - British Journal of Educational Studies 26 (1):24 - 39.
  25. added 2017-07-15
    A Critique of Popper's Conception of the Relationship Between Logic, Psychology, and a Critical Epistemology.John Krige - 1978 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 21 (1-4):313 – 335.
    Popper's three?world doctrine differs significantly from an earlier position which insisted on a dualism of facts and norms. This dualism, combined with a hostility to that version of psychologism which holds that logical principles are descriptive psychological laws, initially led him to espouse the view that we are free to reject rules of inference as norms shaping our reasoning. However, in some formulations of his recently developed pluralistic epistemology, Popper appears to deny this freedom to the individual. Feyerabend has condemned (...)
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  26. added 2017-07-11
    Natureza e liberdade: a questão ética da posição indeterminista de Karl Popper.Paulo Eduardo de Oliveira - 2009 - Princípios 16 (26):189-209.
    O presente trabalho analisa a perspectiva indeterminista da epistemologia de Karl Popper. A partir da compreensáo unitária do Racionalismo Crítico, como epistemologia e filosofia política, ao mesmo tempo, o artigo mostra em que sentido se pode afirmar que a proposta de Popper revela uma questáo ética de largo alcance e interesse na filosofia contemporânea, sobretudo no que se refere à análise da crise da cientificidade moderna. Palavras-chave: Ética, Indeterminismo, Popper, Racionalismo Crítico.
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  27. added 2017-07-11
    Karl Popper’s Philosophy of Science: Rationality Without Foundations.Stefano Gattei - 2008 - Routledge.
    This book seeks to rectify misrepresentations of Popperian thought with a historical approach to Popper’s philosophy, an approach which applies his own mature view, that we gain knowledge through conjectures and refutations, to his own development, by portraying him in his intellectual growth as just such a series. Gattei seeks to reconstruct the logic of Popper’s development, in order to show how one problem and its tentative solution led to a new problem.
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  28. added 2017-07-11
    Karl Popper's Philosophy of Science: Rationality Without Foundations.Stefano Gattei - 2008 - Routledge.
    This book seeks to rectify misrepresentations of Popperian thought with a historical approach to Popper’s philosophy, an approach which applies his own mature view, that we gain knowledge through conjectures and refutations, to his own development, by portraying him in his intellectual growth as just such a series. Gattei seeks to reconstruct the logic of Popper’s development, in order to show how one problem and its tentative solution led to a new problem.
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  29. added 2017-07-11
    Karl Popper, 1902–1994: Radical Fallibilism, Political Theory, and Democracy.Fred Eidlin - 1996 - Critical Review 10 (1):135-153.
    Abstract Popper's philosophy of science represents a radical departure from almost all other views about knowledge. This helps account for serious misunderstandings of it among admirers no less than among adversaries. The view that knowledge has and needs no foundations is counterintuitive and apparently relativistic. But Popper's fallibilism is in fact a far cry from anti?realism. Similarly, Popper's social and political philosophy, although seemingly conservative in practice, can be quite radical in theory. And while Popper was an ardent democrat, his (...)
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  30. added 2017-06-30
    Karl Popper and Literary Theory: Critical Rationalism as a Philosophy of Literature.Thomas Trzyna - 2016 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Karl Popper’s philosophy of science provides a foundation for a theory of literary interpretation that avoids the pitfalls of contemporary theories. This study outlines the approach and applies it to challenging works from the Gospel of Mark to Patrick Modiano.
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  31. added 2017-06-30
    Karl Popper and Hans Albert—The Broad Scope of Critical Rationalism.Vladimír Zeman - 2009 - In Zuzana Parusniková & R. S. Cohen (eds.), Rethinking Popper. Springer. pp. 91--100.
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  32. added 2017-06-30
    Popper's Theory of the Closed Society Conflicts with His Theory of Research.John Wettersten - 2007 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (2):185-209.
    Popper's theory of the attraction of closed societies conflicts with his theory of research: the former sees rational thought as contrary to man's nature, whereas the latter sees it as an innate psychological process. This conflict arose because Popper developed a theory of the movement from the closed society—Heimat—to civilized society, which sees civilized society as a burden, before he adapted Selz's view of directed thought processes as problem solving, which sees rationality as natural. Rejecting the earlier view and retaining (...)
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  33. added 2017-06-30
    Education is Problem Solving: Critical Rationalism Put Into Practice.G. Zecha - 1998 - In Philip Higgs (ed.), Metatheories in Educational Theory and Practice. [Distributed by] Thorold's Africana Books.
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  34. added 2017-06-30
    The Roots of Critical Rationalism.J. W. N. Watkins - 1995 - International Studies in Philosophy 27 (4):151-152.
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  35. added 2017-06-30
    The Roots of Critical Rationalism.John R. Wettersten (ed.) - 1992 - Rodopi.
    Foreword I. Critical rationalism is a genuinely new philosophical perspective. It is not, however, one systematic view. The development of it by Popper and ...
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  36. added 2017-06-30
    Critical Rationalism. A Study in Enlightenment and Religious Criticism in the Present.Kurt Weinke - 1990 - Philosophy and History 23 (1):28-32.
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  37. added 2017-06-30
    Ist der Kritische Rationalismus Am Ende?Helmut F. Spinner - 1980 - Analyse & Kritik 2 (2):99-126.
    Motivated by Drerup's and Terhart's stimulating contribution to the notorious "Critical Rationalism and Contemporary Politics"-affair with its fatal repercussions on Popper's original position. Part One of this paper discusses the development of Popperian philosophy of science and society from the hopeful beginnings to the rather unsatisfactory present state, with the main emphasis on the separate fate of his Social Philosophy in Germanspeaking countries. A reconstruction and evaluation of this development is made in comparison to Popper's basic idea of an open-minded (...)
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  38. added 2017-06-30
    From Justifying a Theory to Comparing Theories and Selecting Questions-Popper Alternative to Foundationalism and Scepticism.G. Radnitzky - 1980 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 33 (131):179-228.
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  39. added 2017-06-30
    Critical Rationalism and Knowledge of Society.V. Ruml - 1978 - Filosoficky Casopis 26 (1):95-99.
  40. added 2017-06-30
    Comprehensively Critical Rationalism and Commitment.Don Wiebe - 1972 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 21:186-201.
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  41. added 2017-06-30
    Comprehensively Critical Rationalism.J. W. N. Watkins - 1969 - Philosophy 44 (167):57 - 62.
    In his book The Retreat to Commitment Professor Bartley raised an important problem: can rationalism can rationalism be held in a rational way, that is, in a way that complies with its own requirements? Or is there bound to be something irrational in the rationalist's position? Briefly, Hartley's answer was that an element of irrationalism is involved in extant versions of rationalism; however, Bartley proposed a new version of rationalism that can, he claimed, be held in a way that is (...)
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  42. added 2017-06-29
    Deductivist Decision Making.David Miller - unknown
    The non-justificationist deductivism (or critical rationalism) of Karl Popper constitutes the only approach to human knowledge, including of course the natural and social sciences, that is capable of overcoming all the failings, and the plain contradictions, of the traditional doctrine of inductivism and of its modern incarnation, Bayesianism.
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  43. added 2017-06-29
    Do We Reason When We Think We Reason, or Do We Think?David Miller - manuscript
    If the open society is a society that ‘sets free the critical powers of man’ (Popper, 1945, Introduction), then the subject of critical thinking, now widely taught in universities in North America and at the level of further education in the UK, might seem to be a welcome innovation. Caution is advised. By mistakenly supposing that thinking intelligently is identical with thinking logically, critical thinking textbooks almost invariably regard the purpose of argument to be a combination of justification and persuasion, (...)
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  44. added 2017-06-29
    Should Popper’s View of Rationality Be Used for Promoting Teacher Knowledge?Stephanie Chitpin - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (8):833-844.
    Popper?s theory of learning is sometimes met with incredulity because Popper claims that there is no transference of knowledge or knowledge elements from outside the individual, neither from the physical environment nor from others. Instead, he claims that we can improve our present theories by discovering their inadequacies.The intent of this article is not to persuade educators to adopt Popper?s approach uncritically to build their professional knowledge. Rather, it presents a discussion on the need for teachers to adopt a critical (...)
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  45. added 2017-06-29
    Anti-Inductivism as Worldview: The Philosophy of Karl Popper.Steve Fuller - 2012 - In James R. Brown (ed.), Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers. Continuum Books. pp. 112.
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  46. added 2017-06-29
    Two Concepts Of Rationality.Danny Frederick - 2010 - Libertarian Papers 2:1-21.
    The dominant tradition in Western philosophy sees rationality as dictating. Thus rationality may require that we believe the best explanation and simple conceptual truths and that we infer in accordance with evident rules of inference. I argue that, given what we know about the growth of knowledge, this authoritarian concept of rationality leads to absurdities and should be abandoned. I then outline a libertarian concept of rationality, derived from Popper, which eschews the dictates and which sees a rational agent as (...)
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  47. added 2017-06-29
    Out of Error: Further Essays on Critical Rationalism.David Miller - 2009 - In Zuzana Parusniková & R. S. Cohen (eds.), Rethinking Popper. Springer. pp. 417--423.
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  48. added 2017-06-29
    Overcoming The Justificationist Addiction.David Miller - 2008 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 3 (1):9-18.
    It is a simple, though ancient, mistake in the theory of knowledge to think that justification, in any degree, is central to rationality, or even important to it. We must cut forever the intellectual apron strings that continue to offer us spurious and unneeded security, and replace the insoluble problem of what our theories are based on by the soluble problem of how to expose their shortcomings. The paper will outline the critical rationalism of K. Popper, taking account of some (...)
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  49. added 2017-06-29
    Popper, Weber, and Hayek: The Epistemology and Politics of Ignorance.Jeffrey Friedman - 2005 - Critical Review 17 (1-2):1-58.
    Karl Popper's methodology highlights our scientific ignorance: hence the need to institutionalize open?mindedness through controlled experiments that may falsify our fallible theories about the world. In his endorsement of?piecemeal social engineering,? Popper assumes that the social?democratic state and its citizens are capable of detecting social problems, and of assessing the results of policies aimed at solving them, through a process of experimentation analogous to that of natural science. But we are not only scientifically but politically ignorant: ignorant of the facts (...)
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  50. added 2017-06-29
    Why Talk If We Disagree?Boris Maizel - 2005 - Critical Review 17 (1-2):1-12.
    Abstract According to a prevailing dogma of our time, real communication is practically impossible between those who have no common ?cultural language.? Karl Popper disputed this widespread opinion, arguing that, while it is tremendously difficult to communicate with a real (not artificially constructed) intellectual opponent, at the same time it is infinitely fruitful to do so. He also demonstrated how, while arguing ideologically, we improve both our own ideas and the collective knowledge of our society.
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