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Popper: Philosophy of Biology
  1. Popper’s Shifting Appraisal of Evolutionary Theory.Elliott Sober & Mehmet Elgin - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (1):31-55.
    Karl Popper argued in 1974 that evolutionary theory contains no testable laws and is therefore a metaphysical research program. Four years later, he said that he had changed his mind. Here we seek to understand Popper’s initial position and his subsequent retraction. We argue, contrary to Popper’s own assessment, that he did not change his mind at all about the substance of his original claim. We also explore how Popper’s views have ramifications for contemporary discussion of the nature of laws (...)
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  2. Popper a Ewolucjonizm.Joanna Gęgotek - 2014 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 92.
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  3. Karl Popper, Verifiability, and Systematic Zoology.David B. Kitts - 1977 - Systematic Zoology 26 (2):185-194.
  4. Erratum To: Karl Popper and Lamarckism.Elena Aronova - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (2):213-213.
  5. The Self and its Biological Function: Contrasts Between Popper and Sartre.Wilfried Allaerts - 1997 - Logique Et Analyse 40:189-214.
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  6. The Utility of Popper's Philosophy in Biology.Nick Smith & Mike Mogie - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (3):309-309.
  7. The Incompatibility of Popper's Philosophy of Science with Genetics and Molecular Biology.Robin Holliday - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (10):890-891.
  8. Don't Belittle Popper. Refutation Cannot Be Refuted in Biology, Either.George K. Nagy & Erasmus Schneider - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (3):310-310.
  9. Biologists Abandon Popper at Their Peril.Aubrey D. N. J. de Grey - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (2):206.
  10. Popper's Philosophy of Science: A Practical Tool for the Working Biologist.Jonathan Bard - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (2):205.
  11. Un retournement dans la philosophie de la biologie de K.R. Popper.François Tournier - 1991 - Philosophiques 18 (1):61-94.
    La littérature épistémologique actuelle véhicule une image caricaturale de la philosophie popperienne de la biologie. En effet, on suppose sa position suffisamment claire et univoque pour pouvoir se résumer succinctement en quelques lignes. De plus, on la suppose toujours la même tout au long de l'évolution intellectuelle de son auteur. Dans le présent article, nous voudrions contester ces deux suppositions car sa pensée est non seulement vague et ambiguë mais encore elle est loin d'être constante et homogène. De ce fait, (...)
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  12. More on Popper and Biology: The Utility of Induction.John R. S. Fincham - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (7):684-684.
  13. Popper and Evolutionary Novelties.Norman I. Platnick & Donn E. Rosen - 1987 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 9 (1):5 - 16.
    It has been argued by Hull and others that a remnant of essentialism impeded taxonomic progress until systematists abandoned attempting to define taxa on the basis of characters necessary and sufficient for group membership. The advent of cladistics suggests instead that it is an essentialistic view of characters, not of taxa, that should be abandoned, and that only a transformational view of characters allows evolutionary novelties to be identified, much less explained. Conventional Darwinian explanations are not tautologous but are difficult (...)
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  14. Re-Writing Popper's Philosophy of Science for Systematics.Olivier Rieppel - 2008 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (3-4):293 - 316.
    This paper explores the use of Popper's philosophy of science by cladists in their battle against evolutionary and numerical taxonomy. Three schools of biological systematics fiercely debated each other from the late 1960s: evolutionary taxonomy, phenetics or numerical taxonomy, and phylogenetic systematics or cladistics. The outcome of that debate was the victory of phylogenetic systematics/cladistics over the competing schools of thought. To bring about this "cladistic turn" in systematics, the cladists drew heavily on the philosopher K.R. Popper in order to (...)
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  15. Sir Karl Popper E o Darwinismo.Marcelo Alves Ferreira - 2005 - Scientiae Studia 3 (2):313-322.
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  16. Popper e a Falsificabilidade do Evolucionismo Darwinista.Francisco Abreu - 2007 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 63 (1/3):351 - 389.
    Objectivo principal do presente artigo é mostrar até que ponto o evolucionismo darwinista inclui proposições centrais testáveis, para além de várias proposições acessórias também elas testáveis. Nesse sentido, o autor constrói um argumento no sentido de mostrar que as alegações de Karl Popper, segundo as quais não pode ser concedido estatuto de cientificidade ao darwinismo, carecem de fundamento. O autor defende também a necessidade de um questionamento firme em relação a todo e qualquer argumento fornecido pela ciência, pois nem a (...)
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  17. Karl Popper and Lamarckism.Elena Aronova - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):37-51.
    The article discusses Karl Popper’s account of Lamarckism. In this article I use Popper’s published and unpublished statements regarding Lamarckism as well as his correspondence with the Australian immunologist Edward Steele and other biologists to examine why Popper was interested in Lamarckism, how his account of Lamarckism can be understood in the context of his philosophy, and what, if any, new context Popper provided for the discussion of this abandoned doctrine. I begin by discussing Popper’s frame of reference regarding Lamarckism, (...)
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  18. Popper's Falsifiability and Darwin's Natural Selection.K. K. Lee - 1969 - Philosophy 44 (170):291 - 302.
    Popper Proposed the criterion of falsifiability as a solution to the problem of demarcation i.e. of distinguishing science from pseudo-science and not, as many of his contemporaries in the Vienna Circle mistook it to be, a solution to the quite different problem with which they themselves were preoccupied, viz. of providing a criterion of meaning to distinguish the meaningful from the meaningless. While the positivists were concerned to damn metaphysics and exalt science, by identifying the empirically verifiable with the meaningful, (...)
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  19. The Philosophy of Karl Popper.W. W. Bartley - 1978 - Philosophia 7 (3-4):463-494.
  20. Taking Popper Seriously.Michael Bradie - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):259-270.
  21. The Use and Abuse of Sir Karl Popper.David L. Hull - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (4):481-504.
    Karl Popper has been one of the few philosophers of sciences who has influenced scientists. I evaluate Popper's influence on our understanding of evolutionary theory from his earliest publications to the present. Popper concluded that three sorts of statements in evolutionary biology are not genuine laws of nature. I take him to be right on this score. Popper's later distinction between evolutionary theory as a metaphysical research program and as a scientific theory led more than one scientist to misunderstand his (...)
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  22. ‘Total Evidence’ in Phylogenetic Systematics.Olivier Rieppel - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):607-622.
    Taking its clues from Popperian philosophy of science, cladistics adopted a number of assumptions of the empiricist tradition. These include the identification of a dichotomy between observation reports and theoretical statements and its subsequent abandonment on the basis of the insight that all observation reports are theory-laden. The neglect of the ‘context of discovery’, which is the step of theory (hypothesis) generation. The emphasis on coherentism in the ‘context of justification’, which is the step of evaluation of the relative merits (...)
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  23. Karl Popper's Philosophy of Biology.Michael Ruse - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):638-661.
    In recent years Sir Karl Popper has been turning his attention more and more towards philosophical problems arising from biology, particularly evolutionary biology. Popper suggests that perhaps neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory is better categorized as a metaphysical research program than as a scientific theory. In this paper it is argued that Popper can draw his conclusions only because he is abysmally ignorant of the current status of biological thought and that Popper's criticisms of biology are without force and his suggestions for (...)
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  24. Six Things Popper Would Like Biologists Not to Ignore: In Memoriam, Karl Raimund Popper, 1902–1994.Tom Settle - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):141-159.
    To honour the memory of Sir Karl Popper, I put forward six elements of his philosophy which might be of particular interest to biologists and to philosophers of biology and which I think Popper would like them not to ignore, even if they disagree with him. They are: the primacy of problems; the criticizability of metaphysics (and thus the dubiousness of materialism); how downward causation might be real; how norms should matter to scientists; why dogmatism should be avoided; how genuine (...)
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  25. Popper, Falsifiability, and Evolutionary Biology.David N. Stamos - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):161-191.
    First, a brief history is provided of Popper's views on the status of evolutionary biology as a science. The views of some prominent biologists are then canvassed on the matter of falsifiability and its relation to evolutionary biology. Following that, I argue that Popper's programme of falsifiability does indeed exclude evolutionary biology from within the circumference of genuine science, that Popper's programme is fundamentally incoherent, and that the correction of this incoherence results in a greatly expanded and much more realistic (...)
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  26. Popper, Laws, and the Exclusion of Biology From Genuine Science.David N. Stamos - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (4):357-375.
    The primary purpose of this paper is to argue that biologists should stop citing Karl Popper on what a genuinely scientific theory is. Various ways in which biologists cite Popper on this matter are surveyed, including the use of Popper to settle debates on methodology in phylogenetic systematics. It is then argued that the received view on Popper—namely, that a genuinely scientific theory is an empirically falsifiable one—is seriously mistaken, that Popper’s real view was that genuinely scientific theories have the (...)
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Popper: Philosophy of Economics
  1. The Popperian Legacy in Economics Papers Presented at a Symposium in Amsterdam, December 1985.Neil De Marchi - 1988
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  2. Popper and Hayek on Reason and Tradition.Jack Birner - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (3):263-281.
    Karl Popper and Friedrich von Hayek became close friends soon after they first met in the early 1930s. Ever since, they discussed their ideas intensively on many occasions. But even though an analysis of the origins and contents of their ideas and correspondence reveals a number of important and fundamental differences, they rarely criticize each other in their published work. The article analyzes in particular the different ideas they have on the role of reason in society and on rationalism and (...)
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  3. Karl Milford Inductivism in 19™ Century German Economics.Century German Economics - 2004 - In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Induction and Deduction in the Sciences. Springer. pp. 273.
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  4. Inductivism in 19TH Century German Economics.Karl Milford - 2004 - In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer. pp. 273--291.
    In his The Poverty of Historicism 1 K.R. Popper and before him F. Kaufmann2 distinguish two broad classes of epistemological and methodological positions held in the social sciences: Antinaturalistic positions and pronaturalistic positions. These positions are distinguished with respect to their attitude regarding the applicability of the methods of the natural sciences, or rather what the representatives of the anti and pronaturalistic positions assume to be the method of the natural sciences. According to Popper and Kaufmann the representatives of antinaturalistic (...)
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  5. Una Faceta Desconocida Del Pensamiento de Popper: Su Aporte Al Programa Austriaco de Metodología de la Economía.Gustavo Marqués - 2004 - Cinta de Moebio 21.
    In his situational logic, Popper offers a model for social sciences which specifies how a social explanation of human actions can be scientific and objective. He also describes the specific kind of phenomena the social sciences can explain and predict. To perform this task, the model includes a desc..
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  6. The Necessity of the a Priori in Science.Gene Callahan - 2006 - Critical Review 18 (4):417-429.
    Jeffrey Friedman has attempted to make a case for limiting state social engineering that is based on the skeptical epistemology of Sir Karl Popper. But Popper's epistemology is flawed, both in its rejection of a priori theorizing and its insistence on empirical falsification rather than confirmation. Classical liberalism of the sort that Friedman advocates requires, as its basis, positive knowledge of economics and social reality?not Popperian skepticism.
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  7. Terence Hutchison and the Introduction of Popper's Falsifiability Criterion to Economics.John Hart - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (4):409-426.
    Hutchison's 1938 essay has been variously interpreted as introducing positivism, ultra-empiricism and Popperian falsificationism to economics. Yet his apparent inconsistency in maintaining all of these positions seems to have gone unnoticed in the literature. Previously I have criticized attempts to characterize Hutchison as a positivist or ultra-empiricist. In this article I argue that Klappholz and Agassi failed to support their claim that Hutchison introduced Popper's criterion to economics. That is, this paper deals with this specific question, rather than the wider (...)
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  8. What About Falsifiability? Further Notes on Hausman's Revision of the Neoclassical Economic Methodology.Geert Reuten - 1997 - Journal of Economic Methodology 4 (2):297-302.
    Even if falsificationism in the strict Popper-Lakatos sense may be too harsh for economics, falsifiability and refutability are eminent criteria for theory appraisal. Hausman's (1997) revision of his (1992) methodology of economics does not come sufficiently close to meeting such a methodological requirement and risks allowing the prioritising of irrefutable theories over empirical phenomena. It therefore needs further advancement.
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  9. A Conversation with Terence Hutchison.John Hart - 2002 - Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (3):359-377.
    The pigeonholing of Hutchison's methodology as positivist, ultra-empiricist or Popperian has militated against a full appreciation of his more complex position. In this as-verbatim-as-possible account of an afternoon's discussion with Hutchison, it is the directly personal manner in which we gain insights, rather than simply the insights themselves, that we hope will help towards a re-assessment. We learn of his non-positivist view that economics is an empirical-historical discipline distinct from the natural sciences; and his rejection of Popper's view that prediction (...)
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  10. Karl Popper and Economic Methodology: A New Look.Douglas W. Hands - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (1):83-.
    Discussions of Karl Popper's falsificationist philosophy of science appear regularly in the recent literature on economic methodology. In this literature, there seem to be two fundamental points of agreement about Popper. First, most economists take Popper's falsificationist method of bold conjecture and severe test to be the correct characterization of scientific conduct in the physical sciences. Second, most economists admit that economic theory fails miserably when judged by these same falsificationist standards. As Latsis states, “the development of economic analysis would (...)
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  11. Comment On D. Wade Hands,“Karl Popper and Economic Methodology: A New Look”.Mark Blaug - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):286-.
    The central argument of this interesting paper is that Popper appears to be inconsistent: on the one hand, he preaches methodological monism-scientific method in the social sciences is identical to scientific method in the natural sciences-and on the other hand he advocates “situational analysis” as the unique method of the social sciences. Situational analysis is nothing but our old neoclassical friend, the rationality principle-individual maximizing behavior subject to constraints-and thus, Popper seems to be saying, neoclassical economics is the only valid (...)
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  12. Popper and Economic Methodology. Contemporary Challenges , Edited by Thomas A. Boylan and Paschal F. O'Gorman. Routledge, 2008, XI + 169 Pages. [REVIEW]Caterina Marchionni - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (2):223-229.
  13. Friedman's Methodological Stance and Popper's Situational Logic.Robert Nadeau - unknown
    It has already been argued by Frazer and Boland (1983) that, interpreted in an instrumentalist fashion, Milton Friedman’s well known and much criticized 1953 paper on “The Methodology of Positive Economics”1 proved to be convergent with Popper's falsificationist philosophy of science2. I think that this comparison is flawed. For one can assuredly contest this interpretation in view of the fact that Popper always opposed any kind of instrumentalist philosophy of science3. It is not even clear that what Friedman has to (...)
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  14. Dealing with Popper in Economic Methodology.Lawrence A. Boland - 2003 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (4):479-498.
  15. Situational Analysis Beyond Neoclassical Economists.Lawrence A. Boland - 1998 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 28 (4):515-521.
    Until quite recently, some economic methodologists (particularly, those who began their careers in the late 1970s) were of the opinion that Karl Popper was misguided about economics. Some others claimed that Popper said little about economics. Yet, many economics students who began their appreciation of Popper after reading his Open Society and Its Enemies have quickly realized how easy that book is to understand because it is a generalization of neoclassical economics in terms of both methodological individualism and situational analysis. (...)
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  16. Economics According to Popper.Raphael Sassower - 1988 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 18 (3):383-386.
  17. Popper's Legacy: Rethinking Politics, Economics and Science.Raphael Sassower - 2006 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Karl Popper has had an extraordinary influence on scientific and social thought.
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Popper: Philosophy of Physics
  1. Popper and Dingle on Special Relativity and the Issue of Symmetry.Allen Clark Dotson - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 43 (1):64-68.
  2. Popper’s Response to Dingle on Special Relativity and the Problem of the Observer.Peter Hayes - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (4):354-361.
  3. Karl Popper and the Copenhagen Interpretation.Asher Peres - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (1):23-34.
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  4. “The Most Philosophically of All the Sciences”: Karl Popper and Physical Cosmology.Helge Kragh - unknown
    Problems of scientific cosmology only rarely occur in the works of Karl Popper. Nevertheless, it was a subject that interested him and which he occasionally commented on. What is more important, his general claim of falsifiability as a criterion that demarcates science from non-science has played a significant role in periods of the development of modern physical cosmology. The paper examines the historical contexts of the interaction between cosmology and Popperian philosophy of science. Apart from covering Popper’s inspiration from Einstein (...)
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  5. Sci-Phi: Did Popper Falsify Copenhagen?Mathew Iredale - 2005 - The Philosophers' Magazine 32:27-28.
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  6. Popper on the Arrow of Time in Numero Especial Dedicado a Popper/Special Issue Devoted to Popper.M. Ghins - 1986 - Manuscrito. Revista Internacional de Filosofia 9 (2):17-93.
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  7. A Popperian Evaluation of Einstein's Theory-Plus-Method in Numero Especial Dedicado a Popper/Special Issue Devoted to Popper.Roberto de Andrade Martins - 1986 - Manuscrito. Revista Internacional de Filosofia 9 (2):95-124.
    This paper presents an analysis of several experimental tests of Einstein's theories, together with their Popperian evaluation and a discussion of Einstein's reaction to these tests. It is shown that several relevant refutations of Einstein's theories were not accepted by Einstein as significant, and that therefore Einstein did not follow Popper's methodological rules. This is regarded as a strong case against Popper's criterion of demarcation.
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