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  1. ABDULLAH CEVDET.Tekin Mursel - 2019 - Kırklareli Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 3 (2):205-218.
    XIX. yüzyılın ilk yarısında A.Comte tarafından sistemleştirilen pozitivizm akımı, deneye ve gözleme dayalı bilginin, tek geçerli bilgi türü olacağı varsayımından yola çıkan bir düşünce sistemidir. Pozitivizmi hazırlayan nedenlerin başında Fransız İhtilali ve aydınlanma düşüncesi yer almaktadır. Pozitivizmin Osmanlı düşüncesine girişi, devletin en buhranlı dönemini yaşadığı XIX. Yüzyıla denk gelir. Islahat hareketlerinin hız kazandığı, buna bağlı olarak batıcılık düşüncesinin iyiden iyiye hissedildiği bu yüzyılda, batı kaynaklı düşünce akımları da Osmanlı düşüncesinde kendilerine yer bulmaya başlamışlardır. Batılaşma çerçevesi içerisinde Fransa’ya gönderilen öğrenciler ve (...)
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  2. Schlick and Neurath: Meaning and Truth.Keith Lehrer - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 16 (1):49-61.
    Schlick and Neurath shared a common assumption, what I call the verification theory of truth, as well as the verification of meaning. It is the claim that the truth of a sentence is the method of it's verification. For Neurath, the method of scientific verification must be interpersonal, and, therefore, private experience is precluded. This leads hmi to the doctrme that there is no truth beyond intersubjective agreement. Schlick, on the contrary, regarded it as obvious that certain sentences, even if (...)
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  3. Wittgenstein and the Social Sciences: Critical Reflections Concerning Peter Winch’s Interpretations and Appropriations of Wittgenstein’s Thought.Richard E. Flathman - 2000 - History of the Human Sciences 13 (2):1-15.
    Drawing heavily on Wittgenstein, Winch’s The Idea of a Social Science advanced a forceful and still valuable critique of positivist/empiricist conceptions of social science. In its more self-confident assertions concerning the nature of philosophy and society, however, Winch failed to recognize Wittgenstein’s acknowledgement of and appreciation for the indeterminacy and unsettled character of social and moral life.
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Verificationism
  1. Improve Popper and Procure a Perfect Simulacrum of Verification Indistinguishable From the Real Thing.Nicholas Maxwell - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science.
    According to Karl Popper, science cannot verify its theories empirically, but it can falsify them, and that suffices to account for scientific progress. For Popper, a law or theory remains a pure conjecture, probability equal to zero, however massively corroborated empirically it may be. But it does just seem to be the case that science does verify empirically laws and theories. We trust our lives to such verifications when we fly in aeroplanes, cross bridges and take modern medicines. We can (...)
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  2. Probability and the Theory of Knowledge.Ernest Nagel - 1939 - Philosophy of Science 6 (2):212-253.
    Professor Reichenbach's writings have repeatedly called attention to the important rôle which probability statements play in all inquiry, and he has made amply clear that no philosophy of science can be regarded as adequate which does not square its accounts with the problems of probable inference. Recently he has brought together in convenient form many reflections on the methodology of science familiar to readers of his earlier works, and at the same time he has set himself the task of solving (...)
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  3. Metaphysics and Meaning.W. T. Stace - 1935 - Mind 44 (176):417-438.
  4. Compact Entailment and Wright's Verification Principle.Byeong-Uk Yi - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):413-421.
Positivism, Misc
  1. ‘A Fiction of Long Standing’: Techniques of Prospection and the Role of Positivism in US Cold War Social Science, 1950–65.Christian Dayé - 2016 - History of the Human Sciences 29 (4-5):35-58.
    There appears to be a widespread belief that the social sciences during the 1950s and 1960s can be characterized by an almost unquestioned faith in a positivist philosophy of science. In contrast, the article shows that even within the narrower segment of Cold War social science, positivism was not an unquestioned doctrine blindly followed by everybody, but that quite divergent views coexisted. The article analyses two ‘techniques of prospection’, the Delphi technique and political gaming, from the perspective of a comprehensive (...)
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  2. The Disenchanted World and Beyond: Toward an Ecological Perspective on Science.Michael Ben-Chaim - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (5):101-127.
    Positivism and, especially, Max Weber's vision of the modern disen chantment of the world are incoherent because they separate human culture from the environment in which human agents pursue their life- projects. The same problem is manifested, more blatantly, in current social studies of science, which take the project of disenchantment further by disenchanting science itself. A different image of science is traced to classical empiricism, whose paradigm of learning is belief and, more specifically, the practical nature of the believer's (...)
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  3. Sociology and Positivism in 19th-Century France: The Vicissitudes of the Société de Sociologie (1872—4).Johan Heilbron - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (4):30-62.
    Little is known about the world’s first sociological society, Émile Littré’s Société de Sociologie (1872—4). This article, based on prosopographic research, offers an interpretation of the foundation, political-intellectual orientation and early demise of the society. As indicated by recruitment and texts by its founding members, the Société de Sociologie was in fact conceived more as a political club than a learned society. Guided in this by Littré’s heterodox positivism and the redefinition of sociology he proposed around 1870, the Société de (...)
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  4. On a Not so Chance Encounter of Neurophilosophy and Science Studies in a Sleep Laboratory.Nicolas Langlitz - 2015 - History of the Human Sciences 28 (4):3-24.
    This article was inspired by participant observation of a contemporary collaboration between empirically oriented philosophers of mind and neuroscientists. An encounter between this anthropologist of science and neurophilosophers in a Finnish sleep laboratory led to the following philosophical exploration of the intellectual space shared by neurophilosophy and science studies. Since these fields emerged in the 1970s, scholars from both sides have been visiting brain research facilities, but engaged with neuroscientists very differently and passionately fought with each other over the reduction (...)
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  5. Essai sur les origines intuitives du positivisme by Pierre Ducassé; Méthode et intuition chez Auguste Comte. [REVIEW]Hélène Metzger - 1940 - Isis 32:365-367.
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  6. Letters to the Editor.Hazim Murad, Gerald Holton, Garry Tee & Lamar Murphy - 1993 - Isis 84:109-112.
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  7. Ernst Mach and the Fortunes of Positivism in America.Gerald Holton - 1992 - Isis 83:27-60.
  8. Auguste Comte: Trajectoires Positivistes 1798–1998. [REVIEW]Paul Weirich - 2005 - Isis 96:470-471.
    Auguste Comte's version of positivism shares logical positivism's aversion to metaphysics.
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  9. Auguste Comte and Positivism. The Essential Writings by Gertrud Lenzer. [REVIEW]Robert Fox - 1977 - Isis 68:493-493.
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  10. Concerning an Interpretation of Positivism.Philipp Frank - 1942 - Isis 33:683-687.
  11. Beyond Postcolonialism … and Postpositivism: Circulation and the Global History of Science.Kapil Raj - 2013 - Isis 104 (2):337-347.
    This essay traces the parallel, but unrelated, evolution of two sets of reactions to traditional idealist history of science in a world-historical context. While the scholars who fostered the postcolonial approach, in dealing with modern science in the non-West, espoused an idealist vision, they nevertheless stressed its political and ideological underpinnings and engaged with the question of its putative Western roots. The postidealist history of science developed its own vision with respect to the question of the global spread of modern (...)
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  12. European Positivism in the Nineteenth Century. An Essay in Intellectual History by W. M. Simon. [REVIEW]Alan Spitzer - 1964 - Isis 55:469-470.
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  13. Comte After Positivism by Robert C. Scharff. [REVIEW]Mary Pickering - 1996 - Isis 87:580-581.
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  14. Pushing Positivism. [REVIEW]Andy Pickering - 1987 - Isis 78:425-428.
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  15. Positivist Thought in France During the Second Empire, 1852-1870 by D. G. Charlton. [REVIEW]Alan Spitzer - 1960 - Isis 51:246-248.
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  16. Philosophie des Sciences by Auguste Comte; Juliette Grange; La Philosophie d'Auguste Comte: Science, Politique, Religion by Juliette Grange. [REVIEW]Mary Pickering - 1997 - Isis 88:345-346.
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  17. The Alienation of Reason. A History of Positivist Thought by Leszek Kolakowski; Norbert Guterman. [REVIEW]Mary Hesse - 1974 - Isis 65:103-104.
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  18. Historical Positivism.C. H. M. Lutz - 1996 - History of the Human Sciences 9 (1):113-121.
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  19. Sociology and Positivism in 19th-Century France: The Vicissitudes of the Société de Sociologie (1872—4).Johan Heilbron - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (4):30-62.
    Little is known about the world’s first sociological society, Émile Littré’s Société de Sociologie (1872—4). This article, based on prosopographic research, offers an interpretation of the foundation, political-intellectual orientation and early demise of the society. As indicated by recruitment and texts by its founding members, the Société de Sociologie was in fact conceived more as a political club than a learned society. Guided in this by Littré’s heterodox positivism and the redefinition of sociology he proposed around 1870, the Société de (...)
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  20. Not as Natural as It Seems: The Social History of the Environment in American Sociology.Filip M. Alexandrescu - 2009 - History of the Human Sciences 22 (5):47-80.
    This article argues against Catton and Dunlap’s claims that the natural environment has been ignored or downplayed in American sociology before the emergence of environmental sociology in the 1970s. By reviewing a collection of 86 sociology textbooks between 1894 and 1980, the article provides quantitative evidence regarding the scope and types of references to the natural environment in mainstream sociology. The bulk of the article is based on an interpretive-historical analysis of the different representations of the environment in the textbook (...)
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  21. The Disenchanted World and Beyond: Toward an Ecological Perspective on Science.Michael Ben-Chaim - 1998 - History of the Human Sciences 11 (1):101-127.
    Positivism and, especially, Max Weber's vision of the modern disen chantment of the world are incoherent because they separate human culture from the environment in which human agents pursue their life- projects. The same problem is manifested, more blatantly, in current social studies of science, which take the project of disenchantment further by disenchanting science itself. A different image of science is traced to classical empiricism, whose paradigm of learning is belief and, more specifically, the practical nature of the believer's (...)
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  22. Heilbron's Comte.Dick Pels - 1996 - History of the Human Sciences 9 (2):161-163.
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