Poststructuralism

Edited by Leonard Lawlor (Pennsylvania State University)
About this topic
Summary This section covers the research area that is usually called "poststructuralism." It includes mainly French philosophers of the second half of the 20th century, philosophers like Foucault, Derrida, Deleuze, Deleuze and Guattari, and Lyotard. The area overlaps with psychoanalysis as with Guattari and Lacan. The main idea behind the title "poststructuralism" is that this group of French philosophers reacted to the development of structural linguistics and anthropology in the 1960s. They reacted by appropriating the idea that the meanings of signs are not positivities, but negativities whose content is determined by differences from other meanings and signs.This group of philosophers used the idea of a fundamental differentiation to criticize phenomenology. But like structuralism this group also appropriated phenomenological ideas. In particular, they appropriated the idea that intentionality (after being criticized) involved the projection of a meaning that is infinitely determinable. In addition to structuralism and phenomenology, this group of philosophers also appropriated ideas from Marxism. All of these philosophers criticize capitalism and globalization. Finally, the title "poststructuralism" is somewhat misleading. While appropriating some ideas from structuralism, this group of philosophers constructed original concepts and in some cases novel philosophical systems.
Key works Structuralism Phenomenology Psychoanalysis Marxism Deconstruction Archeology Genealogy
Related categories
Subcategories:
Alain Badiou (351)
Judith Butler* (589)
Gilles Deleuze (4,493)
Jacques Derrida (4,704 | 2,047)
Michel Foucault (5,312)
Jacques Lacan* (1,144)

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  1. What Science Means for Postmodernist Epistemology and the Philosophy of Education (Repr.).Thaddeus Metz - 2020 - In Michael Peters, Marek Tesar, Liz Jackson & Tina Besley (eds.), What Comes after Postmodernism in Educational Theory? Routledge. pp. Ch. 48.
    Reprint of an article first appearing in Educational Philosophy and Theory (2018).
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  2. Aesthetic Dissonance. On Behavior, Values, and Experience Through New Media.Adrian Mróz - 2019 - Hybris 47:1-21.
    Aesthetics is thought of as not only a theory of art or beauty, but also includes sensibility, experience, judgment, and relationships. This paper is a study of Bernard Stiegler’s notion of Aesthetic War (stasis) and symbolic misery. Symbolic violence is ensued through a loss of individuation and participation in the creation of symbols. As a struggle between market values against spirit values human life and consciousness within neoliberal hyperindustrial society has become calculable, which prevents people from creating affective and meaningful (...)
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  3. Why So Serious: On Philosophy and Comedy.Russell Ford (ed.) - 2018 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    The Western philosophical tradition has shown a marked and perennial fondness for tragedy. From Plato and Aristotle, through the development of Christianity, to German idealism, and even to contemporary reflections on the murderous violence of the twentieth century, philosophy has repeatedly looked to tragedy for resources to make suffering, grief, and death thinkable. But what if by showing such a preference for tragedy, philosophical thought has unwittingly and unknowingly aligned itself with a form of thinking that accepts human suffering and (...)
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  4. Artefactos de pensamiento. Preguntas a Jean-Louis Déotte.Francisco Barrón - 2017 - Virtualis. Revista de Cultura Digital 7 (15):97-102.
    Debemos distinguir el pensamiento del conocimiento, en particular en lo que respecta a la Modernidad, desde el Renacimiento italiano, que vio emerger el conocimiento objetivante (Koyré, 1977), que es siempre nuestro ideal de conocimiento, incluso en la época de la escritura numérica. El pensamiento, como lo recuerda H. Arendt (1993), es un flujo natural ilimitado que habita a cada uno de nosotros, sin relación con la cultura, la instrucción, el género sexual, la clase social, los modos de legitimación de los (...)
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  5. Before the Consummation What? On the Role of the Semiotic Economy of Seduction.George Rossolatos - 2016 - Continuum: Journal of Media and Cultural Studies 30 (4):451-465.
    The cultural practice of flirtation has been multifariously scrutinized in various disciplines including sociology, psychology, psychoanalysis and literary studies. This paper frames the field of flirtation in Bourdieuian terms, while focusing narrowly on the semiotic economy that is defining of this cultural field. Moreover, seduction, as a uniquely varied form of discourse that is responsible for producing the cultural field of flirtation, is posited as the missing link for understanding why flirtation may be a peculiar case of non-habitus, contrary to (...)
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  6. Del individuo o de la producción aleatoria.Francisco Barrón - 2011 - Theoria 1 (24):55-71.
    Se trata de un artículo que busca una relectura de los textos y problemas en la obra del filósofo francés Louis Althusser. Hay dos líneas argumentativa que sigue la relectura: 1) su materialismo aleatorio, y 2) su teoría del lenguaje.
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  7. A Critique of New Materialism: Ethics and Ontology.Paul Rekret - 2016 - Subjectivity 9 (3):225-245.
    This article seeks to offer a critical assessment of the conception of ethics underlying the growing constellation of ‘new materialist’ social theories. It argues that such theories offer little if any purchase in understanding the contemporary transformations of relations between mind and body or human and non-human natures. Taking as exemplary the work of Jane Bennett, Rosi Braidotti, and Karen Barad, this article asserts that a continuity between ethics and ontology is central to recent theories of ‘materiality’. These theories assert (...)
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  8. Surrationalism After Bachelard: Michel Serres and le Nouveau Nouvel Esprit Scientifique.Massimiliano Simons - 2019 - Parrhesia: A Journal of Critical Philosophy 31:60-84.
    The work of Michel Serres is often presented as a radical break with the work of Gaston Bachelard. The aim of this paper is to partly correct this image, by focusing on Serres’s early Hermes series (1969-1980). In these books Serres portrays himself as a follower of Bachelard, exemplarily shown in his neologism of the ‘new new scientific spirit’ (le nouveau nouvel esprit scientifique), updating Bachelard in the light of more recent scientific developments. This allows a reinterpretation of the relation (...)
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  9. VIOLENCE: The Indispensable Condition of the Law.Katerina Kolozova - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (2):99-111.
    Revolutionary violence stems from the conatus of survival, from the appetite for life and joy rather than from the desire to destroy and the hubristic pretension to punish. It is an incursion of one's desire to affirm life and annihilate pain. Following Laruelle's methodology of nonstandard philosophy, I conclude that revolutionary violence is the product of an intensive expansion of life. Pure violence, conceived in non-philosophical terms, is a pre-lingual, presubjective force affected by the “lived,; analogous to Badiou's void and (...)
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  10. Seams in the Desert: Cormac McCarthy’s Literary Ontology of Place.Christopher Yates - 2014 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 6 (2):178-195.
    This article proposes a philosophical reception of writer Cormac McCarthy’s work, a reception oriented specifically toward the subject of “place” as a primary ontological register in two of his novels. More than a mere appraisal of his descriptive prose or the moral weight of his themes, this reading examines the interrogative dimension of his border-country landscapes and the existential horizon distilled therein. Read with reference to the philosophies of Martin Heidegger and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, I argue that McCarthy’s storied concentration on (...)
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  11. Book Reviews: Smith, Steven G, Appeal and Attitude: Prospects for Ultimate Meaning. [REVIEW]Verna Ehret - 2009 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 1 (1):143-144.
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  12. The Vitalist Senghor: On Diagne’s African Art as Philosophy. [REVIEW]Devin Zane Shaw - 2013 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 5 (1):92-98.
    In this essay, I examine Diagne’s claim that the fundamental intuition of Léopold Sédar Senghor’s thought is this: African art is philosophy. Diagne argues that it is from an experience of African art and an encounter with Bergson’s philosophy that Senghor comes to formulate his philosophical thought, which is better understood as vitalist rather than essentialist. I conclude by arguing that Senghor’s vitalism is a philosophy of becoming which nevertheless lacks an account of radical political change.
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  13. Mourning Denied: The Tabooed Subject.Claudia Leeb - 2019 - In Alexander Keller Hirsch & David W. McIvor (eds.), The Democratic Arts of Mourning: Political Theory and Loss. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 65-82.
    This chapter shows that taboos erected around crimes inhibit individuals and nations work of mourning for the victims of crimes, which is the precondition to take responsibility for the crimes, show solidarity with the victims and their descendants (such as the support of their claims for reparations), and make sure that such crimes are not repeated. It brings Theodor W. Adorno and Sigmund Freud in conversation to explain the connection between taboos and the failure to mourn, which it further elaborates (...)
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  14. From Threat to Walking Corpse: Spatial Disruption and the Phenomenology of ‘Living Under Drones.Sabeen Ahmed - 2018 - Theory and Event 21 (2):382-410.
    The use of armed drones in post-9/11 US military conflicts has increasingly been the subject of academic writings; few, however, examine its collateral effects from a biopolitically-framed, phenomenological lens. This article examines how the indeterminate field of threat produced and sustained by the preventive military paradigm of drone warfare transforms potential threats into determinate targets of military violence. The spatial disruption experienced by inhabitants of the "space of death" generated by the "drone zone" thus transforms their existential comportment of living (...)
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  15. Book Review: Apostle Paul: His Life and TheologyApostle Paul: His Life and Theology by SchnelleUdo, Translated by BoringM. EugeneBaker Academic, Grand Rapids, 2005. 695 Pp., $ 49.99 . ISBN 0-8010-2796-9. [REVIEW]Charles B. Cousar - 2006 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 60 (4):478-479.
  16. Book Review: Conflict and Identity in Romans: The Social Setting of Paul's LetterConflict and Identity in Romans: The Social Setting of Paul's LetterbyEsterPhilip F.Fortress, Minneapolis, 2003. 458 Pp. $29.00. ISBN 0-8006-3435-7. [REVIEW]Raymond Pickett - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (3):296-299.
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  17. The Cosmic Power of Sin in Paul's Letter to the Romans.Beverly Roberts Gaventa - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (3):229-240.
    Paul's letter to the Romans depicts Sin as one of the anti-God powers whose final defeat the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ guarantees. The framework of cosmic battle is essential for reading and interpreting this letter in the life of the church.
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  18. Book Review: The Church's Guide for Reading Paul: The Canonical Shaping of the Pauline CorpusThe Church's Guide for Reading Paul: The Canonical Shaping of the Pauline CorpusbyChildsBrevard S.Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2008. 288 Pp. $28.00. ISBN 978 0 8028 6278-5. [REVIEW]Andy Johnson - 2009 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 63 (4):427-428.
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  19. L’hétérarchie de l’intellect général.Igor Krasavin - 2018 - Multitudes 70 (1):122-134.
    La métaphore initiale de l’intellect général était basée sur la comparaison entre l’organisation machinique du travail et le fonctionnement de l’esprit humain, matériellement réalisé par le cerveau. Dans la littérature théorique, l’intellect général apparaît à la fois comme la structure de connexion entre les connaissances et comme ce qui produit les valeurs. Nous le ré-éclairerons ici à la lumière de la notion d’hétérarchie, qui a émergé des premières théories du réseau neuronal artificiel, pour définir à la fois une structure de (...)
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  20. Christianity and the Postmodern Turn: Six Views.Myron B. Penner (ed.) - 2005 - Grand Rapids: Brazos.
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  21. Postmodernism and the Priority of Language.R. Scott Smith - 2005 - In Myron B. Penner (ed.), Christianity and the Postmodern Turn: Six Views. Grand Rapids: Brazos.
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  22. The Most Overrated Article of All Time?Joshua Landy - 2017 - Philosophy and Literature 41 (2):465-470.
    This year marks the fiftieth anniversary of an essay you have almost certainly read, if you took any class on literary theory in the intervening half-century. The essay in question is “The Death of the Author,” by a brilliant French thinker named Roland Barthes. Barthes had wonderfully illuminating things to say about the structure of narrative, realism, Proust, Racine, photography, and billboards. When he turned his thoughts to authorship, however, his touch temporarily deserted him, and the essay that resulted is (...)
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  23. From Modernism to Hypermodernism and Beyond: An Interview with Paul Virilio.John Armitacge - 1999 - Theory, Culture and Society 16 (5-6):25-55.
    In this interview, Paul Virilio talks at length about his life and numerous published works ranging from Speed & Politics: An Essay on Dromology to the recently translated Polar Inertia. Considering important theoretical themes and questions relating to post- and 'hyper'- modernism, poststructuralism, modernity and postmodernity, Virilio discusses his often controversial views on the cultural writings of Foucault, Deleuze, Derrida and Baudrillard. In so doing, Virilio not only clarifies many of his architectural, political and cultural concepts such as 'military space', (...)
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  24. From Modernism to Hypermodernism and Beyond: An Interview with Paul Virilio.John Armitacge - 1999 - Theory, Culture and Society 16 (5-6):25-55.
    In this interview, Paul Virilio talks at length about his life and numerous published works ranging from Speed & Politics: An Essay on Dromology to the recently translated Polar Inertia. Considering important theoretical themes and questions relating to post- and 'hyper'- modernism, poststructuralism, modernity and postmodernity, Virilio discusses his often controversial views on the cultural writings of Foucault, Deleuze, Derrida and Baudrillard. In so doing, Virilio not only clarifies many of his architectural, political and cultural concepts such as 'military space', (...)
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  25. À Propos de L’Affaire des « Femmes de Réconfort » de L’Armée Japonaise. La Cinéaste Byun Young-Joo s’Entretient Avec Hélène Cixous.Byun Young-joo & Hélène Cixous - 2003 - Clio 17:187-202.
  26. ""Notes on the" Dialectical Image"(How Deconstructive Is It?).Anselm Haverkamp - 1992 - Diacritics 22 (3/4):69.
  27. The Poetic Ground Laid Bare.Rainer Nagele - 1992 - Diacritics 22 (3/4):145.
  28. A Different Path: Why Stanley Cavell Won't Get to the Point.Larry Jackson - 2015 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 29 (4):503.
    It must have been maddening to be a student of Socrates—all those questions, all that walking, and never knowing where any of it was leading. That is probably why you will not find much sauntering in philosophy today. The detours and digressions of dialogue have long since given way to directness and debate. Philosophers do not just foster a vague sense of wonder any longer: they present well-formulated, logical claims. Conclusions follow premises; argumentation trumps aporia.This undoubtedly has its advantages. Science, (...)
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  29. A Different Path: Why Stanley Cavell Won't Get to the Point.Larry Jackson - 2015 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 29 (4):503.
    It must have been maddening to be a student of Socrates—all those questions, all that walking, and never knowing where any of it was leading. That is probably why you will not find much sauntering in philosophy today. The detours and digressions of dialogue have long since given way to directness and debate. Philosophers do not just foster a vague sense of wonder any longer: they present well-formulated, logical claims. Conclusions follow premises; argumentation trumps aporia.This undoubtedly has its advantages. Science, (...)
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  30. The Gender of Silence.Adam Knowles - 2015 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 29 (3):302-313.
  31. The Gender of Silence.Adam Knowles - 2015 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 29 (3):302-313.
  32. An Event Worthy of the Name, a Name Worthy of the Event.Daniel Smith - 2015 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 29 (3):387-394.
  33. An Event Worthy of the Name, a Name Worthy of the Event.Daniel Smith - 2015 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 29 (3):387-394.
  34. Digital Subjectivation and Financial Markets: Criticizing Social Studies of Finance with Lazzarato.Tim Christiaens - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (2):1-15.
    The recently rising field of Critical Data Studies is still facing fundamental questions. Among these is the enigma of digital subjectivation. Who are the subjects of Big Data? A field where this question is particularly pressing is finance. Since the 1990s traders have been steadily integrated into computerized data assemblages, which calls for an ontology that eliminates the distinction between human sovereign subjects and non-human instrumental objects. The latter subjectivize traders in pre-conscious ways, because human consciousness runs too slow to (...)
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  35. Materialism, Subjectivity and the Outcome of French Philosophy: Interview with Adrian Johnston.Michael O'Neill Burns & Brian Anthony Smith - 2011 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 7 (1):167-181.
    Adrian Johnston is well known for his work at the intersection of Lacanian psychoanalysis, German idealism, contemporary French philosophy and most recently cognitive neuroscience. In the context of the current issue, Johnston represents the most complete development of a contemporary theory of Transcendental Materialism. In the following interview we explore both the implications of Johnston’s previous work, as well as the directions his most recent projects are taking.
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  36. Putting Mourning to Work: Making Sense of 9/11.Karen J. Engle - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (1):61-88.
    This article investigates the work of mourning following the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11, 2001. Combining discussions of mourning, kitsch and sentimentality, I examine the perverse transformation of grief into patriotic nationalism. Linking Freud’s description of mourning as work with Derrida’s articulation of grief as ‘a work working at its own unproductivity’, I explore how grief has been paired with icons of American nostalgia, such as Norman Rockwell, as well as kitschy souvenirs from Ground Zero (...)
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  37. The Awkward Aesthetics of Violence.Gerald David Naughton & Yulia Pushkarevskaya Naughton - 2012 - Symploke 20 (1-2):209.
  38. Teaching Disobedience: Jung, Montuori, and the Pedagogical Significance of Conflict.Robin S. Brown - 2016 - World Futures 72 (7-8):342-352.
    Alternative education often seeks to promote creativity. In so far as this tendency might come to suggest something ideological, then the intent thus indicated is liable to become self-defeating. This article considers C.G. Jung's conservative ideas about education, and explores how these notions might relate to his wider psychology. Contrasting Jung's position with Alfonso Montuori's notion of Creative Inquiry, the author argues for the importance of a more conscious relationship to the role of conflict in the development of a relationally (...)
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  39. Primitivity and Violence: Traces of the Unconscious in Psychoanalysis.Stephen Frosh - 2017 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 37 (1):34-47.
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  40. The Problem of Difference: Phenomenology and Poststructuralism.Jeffrey A. Bell (ed.) - 1998 - University of Toronto Press.
  41. Obsessional Modernity: The "Institutionalization of Doubt".Jennifer L. Fleissner - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 34 (1):106.
  42. Minutiae, Close‐Up, Microanalysis.Carlo Ginzburg - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 34 (1):174.
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  43. On Kuhn’s Case: Psychoanalysis and the Paradigm.John Forrester - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (4):782.
  44. Homage to "Glas".Geoffrey Hartman - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (2):344.
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  45. Double‐Blind: The Torture Case.Diana Taylor - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (4):710.
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  46. A Certain Impossible Possibility of Saying the Event.Jacques Derrida - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (2):441.
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  47. "Atanarjuat, the Fast Runner" and Its Audiences.Arnold Krupat - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (3):606.
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  48. Homi Bhabha Talks with Noam Chomsky.Noam Chomsky - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (2):419.
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  49. Take This Job and Do It: Administering the University Without an Idea.Stanley Fish - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (2):271.
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  50. From Empirical Evidence to the Big Picture: Some Reflections on Riegl’s Concept of Kunstwollen.Jas' Elsner - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (4):741.
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