Poststructuralism

Edited by Leonard Lawlor (Pennsylvania State University)
About this topic
Summary This section covers the research area that is usually called "poststructuralism." It includes mainly French philosophers of the second half of the 20th century, philosophers like Foucault, Derrida, Deleuze, Deleuze and Guattari, and Lyotard. The area overlaps with psychoanalysis as with Guattari and Lacan. The main idea behind the title "poststructuralism" is that this group of French philosophers reacted to the development of structural linguistics and anthropology in the 1960s. They reacted by appropriating the idea that the meanings of signs are not positivities, but negativities whose content is determined by differences from other meanings and signs.This group of philosophers used the idea of a fundamental differentiation to criticize phenomenology. But like structuralism this group also appropriated phenomenological ideas. In particular, they appropriated the idea that intentionality (after being criticized) involved the projection of a meaning that is infinitely determinable. In addition to structuralism and phenomenology, this group of philosophers also appropriated ideas from Marxism. All of these philosophers criticize capitalism and globalization. Finally, the title "poststructuralism" is somewhat misleading. While appropriating some ideas from structuralism, this group of philosophers constructed original concepts and in some cases novel philosophical systems.
Key works Structuralism Phenomenology Psychoanalysis Marxism Deconstruction Archeology Genealogy
Related categories
Subcategories:
Alain Badiou (622)
Judith Butler* (588)
Gilles Deleuze (4,527)
Jacques Derrida (4,693 | 2,073)
Michel Foucault (5,280)
Jacques Lacan* (1,132)

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  1. VIOLENCE: The Indispensable Condition of the Law.Katerina Kolozova - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (2):99-111.
    Revolutionary violence stems from the conatus of survival, from the appetite for life and joy rather than from the desire to destroy and the hubristic pretension to punish. It is an incursion of one's desire to affirm life and annihilate pain. Following Laruelle's methodology of nonstandard philosophy, I conclude that revolutionary violence is the product of an intensive expansion of life. Pure violence, conceived in non-philosophical terms, is a pre-lingual, presubjective force affected by the “lived,; analogous to Badiou's void and (...)
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  2. Seams in the Desert: Cormac McCarthy’s Literary Ontology of Place.Christopher Yates - 2014 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 6 (2):178-195.
    This article proposes a philosophical reception of writer Cormac McCarthy’s work, a reception oriented specifically toward the subject of “place” as a primary ontological register in two of his novels. More than a mere appraisal of his descriptive prose or the moral weight of his themes, this reading examines the interrogative dimension of his border-country landscapes and the existential horizon distilled therein. Read with reference to the philosophies of Martin Heidegger and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, I argue that McCarthy’s storied concentration on (...)
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  3. Book Reviews: Smith, Steven G, Appeal and Attitude: Prospects for Ultimate Meaning. [REVIEW]Verna Ehret - 2009 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 1 (1):143-144.
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  4. The Vitalist Senghor: On Diagne’s African Art as Philosophy. [REVIEW]Devin Zane Shaw - 2013 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 5 (1):92-98.
    In this essay, I examine Diagne’s claim that the fundamental intuition of Léopold Sédar Senghor’s thought is this: African art is philosophy. Diagne argues that it is from an experience of African art and an encounter with Bergson’s philosophy that Senghor comes to formulate his philosophical thought, which is better understood as vitalist rather than essentialist. I conclude by arguing that Senghor’s vitalism is a philosophy of becoming which nevertheless lacks an account of radical political change.
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  5. Mourning Denied: The Tabooed Subject.Claudia Leeb - forthcoming - In Alexander Keller Hirsch & David W. McIvor (eds.), The Democratic Arts of Mourning: Political Theory and Loss. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
    In this chapter I argue that the work of mourning of by those in (post)-crime generations for the victims of past crimes is the precondition to a) take responsibility for such crimes, b) show solidarity with the victims of crimes (such as the support of victims’ claims for reparations), and c) make sure that the crimes of the past are not repeated. Only if people engage in the painful work of mourning for the victims of past crimes can this change (...)
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  6. From Threat to Walking Corpse: Spatial Disruption and the Phenomenology of ‘Living Under Drones.Sabeen Ahmed - 2018 - Theory and Event 21 (2):382-410.
    The use of armed drones in post-9/11 US military conflicts has increasingly been the subject of academic writings; few, however, examine its collateral effects from a biopolitically-framed, phenomenological lens. This article examines how the indeterminate field of threat produced and sustained by the preventive military paradigm of drone warfare transforms potential threats into determinate targets of military violence. The spatial disruption experienced by inhabitants of the "space of death" generated by the "drone zone" thus transforms their existential comportment of living (...)
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  7. L’Hétérarchie de L’Intellect Général.Igor Krasavin - 2018 - Multitudes 70 (1):122.
    La métaphore initiale de l’intellect général était basée sur la comparaison entre l’organisation machinique du travail et le fonctionnement de l’esprit humain, matériellement réalisé par le cerveau. Dans la littérature théorique, l’intellect général apparaît à la fois comme la structure de connexion entre les connaissances et comme ce qui produit les valeurs. Nous le ré-éclairerons ici à la lumière de la notion d’hétérarchie, qui a émergé des premières théories du réseau neuronal artificiel, pour définir à la fois une structure de (...)
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  8. Postmodernism and the Priority of Language.R. Scott Smith - 2005 - In Myron B. Penner (ed.), Christianity and the Postmodern Turn: Six Views. Grand Rapids: Brazos.
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  9. Christianity and the Postmodern Turn.Myron B. Penner (ed.) - 2005 - Grand Rapids: Brazos.
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  10. ""Notes on the" Dialectical Image"(How Deconstructive Is It?).Anselm Haverkamp - 1992 - Diacritics 22 (3/4):69.
  11. The Poetic Ground Laid Bare.Rainer Nagele - 1992 - Diacritics 22 (3/4):145.
  12. Digital Subjectivation and Financial Markets: Criticizing Social Studies of Finance with Lazzarato.Tim Christiaens - 2016 - Big Data and Society 3 (2):1-15.
    The recently rising field of Critical Data Studies is still facing fundamental questions. Among these is the enigma of digital subjectivation. Who are the subjects of Big Data? A field where this question is particularly pressing is finance. Since the 1990s traders have been steadily integrated into computerized data assemblages, which calls for an ontology that eliminates the distinction between human sovereign subjects and non-human instrumental objects. The latter subjectivize traders in pre-conscious ways, because human consciousness runs too slow to (...)
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  13. Teaching Disobedience: Jung, Montuori, and the Pedagogical Significance of Conflict.Robin S. Brown - 2016 - World Futures 72 (7-8):342-352.
    Alternative education often seeks to promote creativity. In so far as this tendency might come to suggest something ideological, then the intent thus indicated is liable to become self-defeating. This article considers C.G. Jung's conservative ideas about education, and explores how these notions might relate to his wider psychology. Contrasting Jung's position with Alfonso Montuori's notion of Creative Inquiry, the author argues for the importance of a more conscious relationship to the role of conflict in the development of a relationally (...)
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  14. Primitivity and Violence: Traces of the Unconscious in Psychoanalysis.Stephen Frosh - 2017 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 37 (1):34-47.
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  15. The Problem of Difference: Phenomenology and Poststructuralism.Jeffrey A. Bell (ed.) - 1998 - University of Toronto Press.
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  16. Obsessional Modernity: The "Institutionalization of Doubt". Fleissner - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 34 (1):106.
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  17. Minutiae, Close-Up, Microanalysis. Ginzburg & S. R. Gilbert - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 34 (1):174.
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  18. Homage to "Glas". Hartman - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (2):344.
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  19. Double-Blind: The Torture Case. Taylor - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (4):710.
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  20. A Certain Impossible Possibility of Saying the Event.Jacques Derrida - 2007 - Critical Inquiry 33 (2):441.
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  21. Take This Job and Do It: Administering the University Without an Idea.Stanley Fish - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (2):271.
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  22. Work Theory.Vincent B. Leitch - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (2):286.
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  23. Between Auschwitz and Algeria: Multidirectional Memory and the Counterpublic Witness.Michael Rothberg - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 33 (1):158.
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  24. The Moment of Wired.Thomas Streeter - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (4):755.
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  25. Interview with Aleksandr Sokurov.Jeremi Szaniawski - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 33 (1):13.
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  26. Cellular Features: Microcinematography and Film Theory.Hannah Landecker - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (4):903.
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  27. The Cuteness of the Avant-Garde. Ngai - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (4):811.
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  28. For Wayne Booth at His Religious Memorial Service in Chicago.James Redfield - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):377.
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  29. Of Kisses and Ellipses: The Long Adolescence of American Movies.Linda Williams - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):288.
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  30. Is There Anything We Might Call Dissent in Israel? Dor - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):278.
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  31. Why Is This Man so Angry? A Reply to Loren Glass. Ferguson - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):362.
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  32. A Plea for a Return to Différance.Slavoj Žižek - 2006 - Critical Inquiry 32 (2):226.
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  33. Arts of Transmission: An Introduction.James Chandler, Arnold I. Davidson & Adrian Johns - 2004 - Critical Inquiry 31 (1):1.
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  34. Removing Knowledge.Peter Galison - 2004 - Critical Inquiry 31 (1):229.
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  35. Music, Historical Knowledge, and Critical Inquiry: Three Variations on "The Ruins of Athens". Kramer - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 32 (1):61.
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  36. Novelization, a Contaminated Genre?Jan Baetens - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 32 (1):43.
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  37. Languages, Books, and Reading From the Printed Word to the Digital Text.Roger Chartier - 2004 - Critical Inquiry 31 (1):133.
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  38. Texts and Paratexts in Media.Georg Stanitzek - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 32 (1):27.
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  39. How Interactive Can Fiction Be?Michel Chaouli - 2005 - Critical Inquiry 31 (3):599.
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  40. Saint Paul and the New Man. Hollywood - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):864.
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  41. Critique, Dissent, Disciplinarity. Butler - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):772.
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  42. An Exchange on "The Norton Anthology of English Literature" and Sean Shesgreen: II. An Incredible Shrunken History: A Response to Sean Shesgreen. Gilbert & Gubar - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):1057.
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  43. The General Enters the Library: A Note on Disciplines and Complexity.David E. Wellbery - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):982.
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  44. The Core and the Flow of Film Studies. Andrew - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):878.
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  45. Postdisciplinary Liaisons: Science Studies and the Humanities.Mario Biagioli - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):816.
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  46. Introduction: Doctrines, Disciplines, Discourses, Departments.James Chandler - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):729.
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  47. An Exchange on "The Norton Anthology of English Literature" and Sean Shesgreen: IV. Surprised by Sin: A Response to Sean Shesgreen. Mays - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 35 (4):1069.
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  48. A Note on the Current State of Humanities Scholarship.Jerome McGann - 2004 - Critical Inquiry 30 (2):409.
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  49. Future? What Future? Meltzer - 2004 - Critical Inquiry 30 (2):468.
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  50. The Order of the City.Jacques Rancière - 2004 - Critical Inquiry 30 (2):267.
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1 — 50 / 24143