Practical Reason

Edited by Sergio Tenenbaum (University of Toronto at Mississauga)
Assistant editors: Parisa Moosavi, Michael Kirley
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  1. Savage's Response to Allais as Broomean Reasoning.Franz Dietrich, Antonios Staras & Robert Sugden - manuscript
    Leonard Savage famously contravened his own theory when first confronting the Allais Paradox, but then convinced himself that he had made an error. We examine the formal structure of Savage’s ‘error-correcting’ reasoning in the light of (i) behavioural economists’ claims to identify the latent preferences of individuals who violate conventional rationality requirements and (ii) John Broome’s critique of arguments which presuppose that rationality requirements can be achieved through reasoning. We argue that Savage’s reasoning is not vulnerable to Broome’s critique, but (...)
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  2. Proprietary Reasons and Joint Action.Abraham Roth - forthcoming - In A. Fiebich (ed.), Minimal Cooperation and Shared Agency.
    Some of the reasons one acts on in joint action are shared with fellow participants. But others are proprietary: reasons of one’s own that have no direct practical significance for other participants. The compatibility of joint action with proprietary reasons serves to distinguish the former from other forms of collective agency; moreover, it is arguably a desirable feature of joint action. Advocates of “team reasoning” link the special collective intention individual participants have when acting together with a distinctive form of (...)
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  3. Direzioni di adattamento. La critica al non-cognitivismo etico nella Logica di Hegel.Armando Manchisi - 2019 - Teoria 39 (2):259-271.
    One of the strongest arguments that ethical non-cognitivism uses in its own defense is that according to which knowledge and will structure themselves as different “directions of fit”: while knowledge, in order to be correct, implies that the mind has to fit the world, the will, in order to be effective, requires that the world has to fit the mind. Non-cognitivists thus believe that moral judgments are expression of will alone, and not of knowledge, and cannot therefore be considered true (...)
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  4. Setting Limits to Practical Reflection: Against Philosophy as a Way of Life.Vitor Sommavilla - 2020 - Metaphilosophy 51 (2-3):375-390.
    According to a tradition going back to Socrates, one should thoroughly examine the grounds of one’s judgments before settling on what one has reason to do or believe. According to contemporary metaethical constructivism, assumed in this essay, reflective scrutiny is also central to assessing a judgment’s claim to justification. This essay argues against the injunctions to thoroughly examine oneself and seek ultimate reasons for one’s normative judgments. In other words, the essay argues against the ideal of the philosophical way of (...)
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  5. Contre Parfit: une défense du naturalisme.Stéphane Lemaire - 2019 - Klēsis Revue Philosophique 43:59-95.
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  6. G.E.M. Anscombe: guida alla lettura di Intention.Elisa Grimi - 2018 - Roma RM, Italia: Carocci.
    L’opera più importante per la filosofia dell’azione dopo l’Etica di Aristotele: così Donald Davidson ha definito il libro di Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe, Intention, che Elisa Grimi ci presenta oggi attraverso questa preziosa guida alla lettura, il primo testo di questo genere in lingua italiana. dalla Prefazione di Cyrille Michon. Che cosa sia un’intenzione, quale sia il ruolo che essa svolge all'interno di un’azione, se vi si possa trovare traccia della vera intenzione del soggetto guardando l’azione che compie: questi e (...)
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  7. Praxis Und Gründe. Zu den Normativen Grundlagen Praktischer Rationalität.Florian Franken Figueiredo - 2017 - Münster: Mentis-Verlag.
    Praktische Gründe dienen uns Menschen dazu, unser Handeln verständlich zu machen. Philosophen sind fasziniert vom Wesen praktischer Gründe. Auf was für einen Gegenstand beziehen wir uns, wenn wir unser Handeln erklären? Sind praktische Gründe als psychologische Zustände der handelnden Person aufzufassen, etwa als deren Wünsche oder Überzeugungen? Oder sind sie identisch mit den sich in der Welt befindenden Tatsachen, also unabhängig vom Geist der Akteure? Verursachen Gründe unser Handeln? Diese und andere Fragen sind aktueller Gegenstand einer vielschichtigen Diskussion in der (...)
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  8. Enoch’s “Taking-Morality-Seriously Thought” Unpacked and at Work in the Argument From Impartiality.Giuliana Mancuso - 2018 - Topoi 37 (4):591-602.
    After a brief outline of Enoch’s defense of robust realism in his Taking Morality Seriously, I focus on Enoch’s taking-morality-seriously thought by making explicit the assumptions I see involved in it. Enoch’s argument from impartiality is then reconstructed to show how these assumptions are at work. Next, I explain the reasons why Enoch does not succeed in converting these assumptions into a positive argument for the thesis implied by robust realism that there is a moral objectivity. Finally, I conclude that (...)
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  9. Games: Agency as Art.C. Thi Nguyen - forthcoming - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Games occupy a unique and valuable place in our lives. Game designers do not simply create worlds; they design temporary selves. Game designers set what our motivations are in the game and what our abilities will be. Thus: games are the art form of agency. By working in the artistic medium of agency, games can offer a distinctive aesthetic value. They support aesthetic experiences of deciding and doing. -/- And the fact that we play games shows something remarkable about us. (...)
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  10. Marcus Arvan, Rightness as Fairness: A Moral and Political Theory, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, Xi + 271 Pp., £88.39 , ISBN 978‐1‐137‐54180‐2, eBook ISBN 978‐1‐137‐54181‐9. [REVIEW]François Jaquet - 2018 - Dialectica 72 (2):315-320.
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  11. A Psicologia de Epicteto.Diogo Luz - 2018 - Polymatheia 11 (18):90-112.
    Resumo: O presente artigo aborda a dimensão psicológica da filosofia de Epicteto. Para tal, exploramos inicialmente a distinção epictetiana entre as coisas que dependem de nós e as que não dependem, visto que é por meio dela que o filósofo separa o que é interno do que é externo. Ao fazer isso, ele foca a abordagem ética naquilo que é interno, pois afirma que é isso que depende de nós (ἐφ ̓ ἡμῖν). Dentre as ações que são ἐφ ̓ ἡμῖν, (...)
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  12. Acting Intentionally and its Limits: Individuals, Groups, Institutions.Michael Schmitz, Gottfried Seebaß & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.) - 2013 - Berlin: DeGruyter.
    The book presents the first comprehensive survey of limits of the intentional control of action from an interdisciplinary perspective. It brings together leading scholars from philosophy, psychology, and the law to elucidate this theoretically and practically important topic from a variety of theoretical and disciplinary approaches. It provides reflections on conceptual foundations as well as a wealth of empirical data and will be a valuable resource for students and researchers alike. Among the authors: Clancy Blair, Todd S. Braver, Michael W. (...)
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  13. Toleration and its Paradoxes: A Tribute to John Horton.Rainer Forst - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):415-424.
    This paper discusses John Horton’s influential theory of toleration. Starting from his analysis of the paradoxes of toleration, I argue that the avoidance of these paradoxes requires a moral justification of toleration based on practical reason. I cite the conception of toleration that Pierre Bayle developed to support this claim. But Horton is skeptical of such a moral justification, and this creates problems for his account of toleration.
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  14. The Self, Motivation & Virtue Project E-Newsletter 06.Project Smv - unknown
    This is the quarterly electronic publication of the Self, Motivation & Virtue Project. It features a lead article, autobiographical sketches of SMV Project research team members, publication announcements, and updates about the SMV Project leadership team. The SMV Project is made possible by a generous grant from the Templeton Religion Trust and by support from The University of Oklahoma.
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  15. Parfit Über Intuitionismus Und Die Herausforderung Moralischer Uneinigkeit.Kay Hüwelmeyer - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 3 (2):287-324.
    In On What Matters verbindet Parfit einen nicht-naturalistischen normativen Realismus –die Auffassung, es gebe objektive normative Wahrheiten – mit einer intuitionistischen Erkenntnistheorie bezüglich des Normativen, die davon ausgeht, wir hätten intuitiven epistemischen Zugriff auf jene normativen Wahrheiten. Beide Theorien sieht er durch ein Argument bedroht, das von moralischer Uneinigkeit ausgeht. Um diesem Argument zu entgehen, vertritt Parfit die These, dass unsere normativen Überzeugungen unter Idealbedingungen konvergieren. Dieser Aufsatz macht anhand des Beispiels meta-normativer Uneinigkeiten zunächst deutlich, dass Parfit die Plausibilität seiner (...)
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  16. Normative Wahrheiten Ohne Ontologie? Derek Parfit Und der „Neue“ Non-Naturalismus.Markus Rüther - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 3 (2):187-220.
    Das Thema des Beitrages bildet der „neue“ Non-Naturalismus, welcher exemplarisch am metaethischen Ansatz von Derek Parfit untersucht wird. Parfits Ansatz zeichnet sich durch das Ziel aus, eine neue Theorienoption zu ermöglichen, die einerseits von der Existenz normativer Tatsachen ausgeht, ohne jedoch andererseits auf die ontologischen Verpflichtungen der klassischen Vertreter des Non-Naturalismus festgelegt zu sein. Hierfür wird der Begriff der „nicht-ontologischen Existenz“ eingeführt und von robusten ontologischen Existenzweisen unterschieden. In diesem Beitrag wird dafür argumentiert, dass Parfit bisher nur Explikationen dieses zentralen (...)
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  17. Parfit Und Kant Über Vernünftige Zustimmung ​.Martin Sticker - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 3 (2):221-254.
    Nach Parfit konvergieren die systematisch stärksten Versionen von Kantianismus, Regel-Konsequentialismus und Kontraktualismus in einer Triple Theory. Ich konzentriere mich auf eine der zentralen Schwierigkeiten, Kantianismus und Konsequentialismus zusammenzubringen: die Rolle von Zustimmung, welche ihren deutlichsten Ausdruck in Kants Zweck-an-sich-Formel findet. Ich zeige zunächst, wie die Einführung unparteilicher, nichtmoralischer Gründe, auf der viel Gewicht in Parfits Zustimmungsprinzip liegt, in einigen Fällen die Zweck-an-sich-Formel zu dem intuitiv richtigen Ergebnis führen kann. Anschließend wende ich mich kritisch gegen Parfit. Ich diskutiere zwei Einwände gegen (...)
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  18. Practical reason and morality.A. R. C. DUNCAN - 1957 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 12 (4):403-404.
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  19. Marmor’s Social Conventions: The Limits of Practical Reason.Maksymilian Del Mar - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):420-445.
    This essay argues that the practical reason approach to the study of social conventions fails to adequately account for the fluency of social action in environments that we experience as familiar. The practical reason approach, articulated most recently in Andrei Marmor’s Social Conventions: From Language to Law does help us, though not wholly adequately, to understand how we tend to react to, and experience, unfamiliar situations or unfamiliar behaviors, that is, those situations in which a certain practice becomes problematic or (...)
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  20. Alston’s Practical Rationality Argument.Michael B. Wakoff - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Research 24:247-284.
    William AIston has argued that the prospects are dim for demonstrating with out epistemic circularity that any of our fundamental doxastic practices are reliable. In response to this predicament, he supplies a pragmatic rationale for our continued engagement in these practices. I argue that either he relativizes the practical rationality of engaging in a doxastic practice to participants, which ill suits his aim of providing a realist account of the practice that provides nonparticipants with are as on to trust that (...)
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  21. The Categorical Imperative and Kant’s Conception of Practical Rationality.Andrews Reath - 1989 - The Monist 72 (3):384-410.
    The primary concern of this paper is to outline an explanation of how Kant derives morality from reason. We all know that Kant thought that morality comprises a set of demands that are unconditionally and universally valid. In addition, he thought that to support this understanding of moral principles, one must show that they originate in reason a priori, rather than in contingent facts about human psychology, or the circumstances of human life. But do we really understand how he tries (...)
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  22. The Primacy of Practical Reason.G. J. WARNOCK - 1968
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  23. A Linguistic Conception of Rationality.Roger A. McCain - 1991 - Social Science Information 30 (2):233-255.
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  24. Local Rationality, Ideal Rationality and Emotion.R. I. Levy - 1985 - Social Science Information 24 (2):325-329.
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  25. Practical Reason.Dieter Schönecker & Christoph Horn - 2006 - In Dieter Schönecker & Christoph Horn (eds.), Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Walter de Gruyter.
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  26. What Sense is Concealed in the Postulates of Practical Reason?L. A. Kalinnikov - 1989 - Proceedings of the Sixth International Kant Congress 2 (2):327-331.
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  27. Neil Roughley, Wanting and Intending. Elements of a Philosophy of Practical Mind. [REVIEW]Piotr Tomasz Makowski - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-3.
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  28. Moral Clarity and Practical Reason in Film Noir.Aeon J. Skoble - unknown
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  29. Right Practical Reason.Jeffrey Hause & Daniel Westberg - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):243.
    In this study, Daniel Westberg offers readers an account of Aquinas’s ethics and the action theory that underlies it. Both friends and enemies of Aquinas have covered this subject matter before, but early commentators misunderstood central parts of Aquinas’s ethical theory, and they handed down their misinterpretations in traditions that continue into the present. Against the traditional view that Aquinas’s medieval Christian inheritance, with its focus on the will, and on grace and love, required an action theory fundamentally different from (...)
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  30. Aristotle's Philosophy of Action.Susan Sauve - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (3):411.
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  31. Rationality: An Essay Towards an Analysis.Judith Jarvis Thomson - 1966 - Philosophical Review 75 (3):391.
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  32. Moral Luck: Philosophical Papers 1973–1980.Bernard Williams - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
    A new volume of philosophical essays by Bernard Williams. The book is a successor to Problems of the Self, but whereas that volume dealt mainly with questions of personal identity, Moral Luck centres on questions of moral philosophy and the theory of rational action. That whole area has of course been strikingly reinvigorated over the last deacde, and philosophers have both broadened and deepened their concerns in a way that now makes much earlier moral and political philosophy look sterile and (...)
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  33. Some Facts of the Practical Life and Their Satisfaction.Marlow Alexander Shaw - 1907 - International Journal of Ethics 17 (4):425-437.
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  34. The Waste of the Practical Reason.Reginald F. Trevett - 1933 - New Blackfriars 14 (154):35-40.
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  35. A Theory of Human Motivation.A. H. Maslow - 1943 - Psychological Review 50 (4):370-396.
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  36. 2. Economics in the Context of Catholic Action: The Quest for a Practical Theory of History.Michael Shute - 2010 - In Lonergan's Discovery of the Science of Economics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 67-90.
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  37. Inescapability Revisited.Luca Ferrero - 2018 - Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 41 (4):113-158.
    According to constitutivism, the objective authority of practical reason is to be grounded in the constitutive features of agency. In this paper, I offer a brief survey of the basic structure of constitutive argument about objectivity and consider how constitutivism might dispel the worry that it can only ground a conditional kind of authority. I then consider David Enoch’s original shmagency challenge and the response in terms of the inescapability of agency. In particular, I revisit the appeal to inescapability in (...)
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  38. God and Rationality.Thomas F. Torrance - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
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  39. Kant on “Moral Arguments”: What Does the Objectivity of a Postulate of Pure Practical Reason Consist In?Stephan Zimmermann - 2016 - In Thomas Höwing (ed.), The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 131-156.
  40. De la lógica a la ética, la sinfonía del logos, Aristóteles.Cécile Furstenberg - 2015 - Intus Legere Filosofia 9 (1):133-148.
    Abstract: Aristotle alludes to diverse writings or works in his agreement on The Interpretation that does part of the Organon or agreement of logic: to the Rhetoric, to the Poetics, to of Soul, but one does not find any explicit reference to the Ethics. Nevertheless the reading especially of the chapter 9 of The Interpretation Aristotle suggests a possible link with the Ethics in effect after having defined what is the apofantic sentence “λόγος ἀποφαντικὸς” he specifies that it only refers (...)
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  41. Objective Values.Henry W. Wright - 1931 - Ethics 42 (3):255.
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  42. "Ascription" in Theory of Value.Willis Davis Ellis - 1930 - Ethics 41 (2):195.
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  43. Some Facts of the Practical Life and Their Satisfaction.Marlow Alexander Shaw - 1906 - Ethics 17 (4):425.
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  44. I. Reasoning and Rationalization.E. Ronald Walker - 1928 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 6 (2):149-151.
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  45. Enoch, D., Taking Morality Seriously.David Rocheleau-Houle - 2013 - Ithaque 13:239-244.
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  46. Le Retour au Sujet : Subjects, Agents, and Rationality.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
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  47. The Relation Between the Judgment of Conscience and the Ultimate Practical Judgment, According to St. Thomas Aquinas.Samuel J. Kennedy - unknown
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  48. Contemporary Debates in Epistemology.Steup Matthias, Turri John & Sosa Ernest (eds.) - 2013 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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  49. The Springs of Character.Alfred Taylor Schofield - 1900
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  50. Optimism and Pessimism in the Old and New Testaments, by Adolph Guttmacher. [REVIEW]Morris Jastrow - 1902 - Ethics 13:513.
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