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Summary This category is a catch-all for papers that do not fit - or much more commonly, have aspects that do not fit - anywhere else in the taxonomy. Most papers in this category are also categorized under some heading as well. 
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  1. Introduction.Roman Altshuler & Michael J. Sigrist - 2016 - In Roman Altshuler & Michael J. Sigrist (eds.), Time and the Philosophy of Action. Routledge. pp. 1-18.
    We do things in time. Philosophy of action can capture this phenomenon in at least two ways. On one hand, it might focus on the way that temporal preferences and long-term temporal horizons affect the rationality of decisions in the present (see, e.g., Parfit 1984; Rawls 1971). Such work may focus on the way we discount the distant future, for example, or prioritize the future over the past. Approaches of this kind treat time as, in a sense, something external to (...)
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  2. Rational Behaviour: A Review of the Requirements of Instrumental Rationality. [REVIEW]Ahmed Jamal Anwar - 2006 - Philosophy and Progress 39:11.
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  3. Models of Preference Reversals and Personal Rules: Do They Require Maximizing a Utility Function with a Specific Structure?Horacio Arló-Costa - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):650-651.
    One of the reasons for adopting hyperbolic discounting is to explain preference reversals. Another is that this value structure suggests an elegant theory of the will. I examine the capacity of the theory to solve Newcomb's problem. In addition, I compare Ainslie's account with other procedural theories of choice that seem at least equally capable of accommodating reversals of preference.
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  4. Theoretical Rationality: Its Sources, Structure, and Scope.Robert Audi - 2004 - In Piers Rawling & Alfred R. Mele (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 17--44.
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  5. The Conclusion of Practical Reasoning.Gerald W. Barnes - 1983 - Analysis 43 (4):193 - 199.
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  6. The Tension Between Deliberation and Action.James O. Bennett - 1979 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 28:81-92.
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  7. Values and Intentions.T. Blakeley - 1961 - Philosophical Studies 11:271-272.
  8. Rationality, Reasoning and Rules: Reflections on Broome’s Rationality Through Reasoning.Paul Boghossian - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (12):3385-3397.
    The paper provides a critical discussion of some key aspects of John Broome’s theories of rationality, reasoning and the relations between them.
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  9. Conflict in Practical Reasoning.Daniel Bonevac & T. K. Seung - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 53 (3):315 - 345.
  10. Practical Reason.Pierre Bourdieu - 1998 - Mind 74 (294):174-191.
    The author states that it has been a common conviction among philosophers, And still is, That there is an important difference between practical matters and theoretical matters; between answers to such practical questions as 'what is to be done?' and answers to such theoretical questions as 'what is the case?' this distinction has sometimes been thought to be such that though reason can be theoretical there is an important sense in which it cannot be practical. The author maintains that one (...)
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  11. Intentional Actions and Plans.Myles Brand - 1987 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):213-230.
  12. Points of View and Practical Reasoning.Robert Brandom - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):321 - 333.
  13. Handout #6: Normative Authority and Nagelian Rationalism.David O. Brink - unknown
    Thomas Nagel's The Possibility of Altruism (1970) is one of the few sustained attempts to reject instrumental and prudential conceptions of practical reason and to defend the possibility of practical reason that is impartial or altruistic. Nagel makes claims about both moral motivation and practical reason, and each claim has both negative and positive constituents.
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  14. Action & Interpretation.James M. Brown - 1982 - Philosophical Studies 29:349-351.
  15. Value Concepts.Rudolf Carnap - 2017 - Synthese 194 (1):185-194.
    Carnap wrote a continuation of his reply to Kaplan, which would, however, have made that reply, already by far the longest in the book, too long. So he set aside his projected notes for a continuation to serve as the basis for a separate paper, which he never got around to writing. It is transcribed here from his shorthand and translated into English, with some introductory notes to provide a little context.
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  16. Roughing Out the Ground Rules: Reason and Experience in Practical Deliberation.David Carr - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 29 (1):137–147.
  17. Practical Inference and the Identity of Actions.David Carr - 1981 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (4):645 - 661.
  18. The Polymorphy of Practical Reason.Timothy Chappell - unknown
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  19. The Role of Practical Inferences in Deliberation.D. S. Clarke - 1977 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 15 (1):15-25.
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  20. Wiggins on Practical Knowledge.Henry Clarke - 2016 - Disputatio 8 (42):113-124.
    Wiggins’ (2012) argument against propositional accounts of knowing how is based on a development of some considerations taken from Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle argued that the knowledge needed for participation in an ethos cannot be codified in propositional form so as to let it be imparted to someone who did not already have it. This is because any putative codification would be incomplete, and require that knowledge in order to extend it to novel cases. On a reasonable interpretation of his (...)
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  21. The Theory of Communicative Action After Three Decades.Maeve Cooke & Timo Jütten - 2013 - Constellations 20 (4):516-517.
    This is the introduction to a special section on Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action, published in Constellations 20:4 (2013), and edited by Maeve Cooke and me.
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  22. Education and Practical Rationality.Jerrold R. Coombs - forthcoming - Philosophy of Education.
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  23. Why Does Aristotle Think That Ethical Virtue is Required for Practical Wisdom?Ursula Coope - 2012 - Phronesis 57 (2):142-163.
    Abstract In this paper, I ask why Aristotle thinks that ethical virtue (rather than mere self-control) is required for practical wisdom. I argue that a satisfactory answer will need to explain why being prone to bad appetites implies a failing of the rational part of the soul. I go on to claim that the self-controlled person does suffer from such a rational failing: a failure to take a specifically rational kind of pleasure in fine action. However, this still leaves a (...)
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  24. An Instrumental View of the Part-Whole Relation.Morris A. Copeland - 1927 - Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):96-104.
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  25. Hypotheses and Instrumental Logicians.H. T. Costello - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (3):57-64.
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  26. Practical Integration: The Art of Balancing Values, Institutions and Knowledge. Lessons From the History of British Public Health and Town Planning.Giovanni De Grandis - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 56:92-105.
    The paper uses two historical examples, public health (1840-1880) and town planning (1945-1975) in Britain, to analyse the challenges faced by goal-driven research, an increasingly important trend in science policy, as exemplified by the prominence of calls for addressing Grand Challenges. Two key points are argued. (1) Given that the aim of research addressing social or global problems is to contribute to improving things, this research should include all the steps necessary to bring science and technology to fruition. This need (...)
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  27. On Efficacy in Practical Reason: Comparative Approaches.Marcel Detienne - 2012 - Arion 20 (1):43-60.
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  28. Instrumental Inference.George Dickie - 1983 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 42 (2):151-154.
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  29. Philosophical Grounds Rationality: Intentions, Categories, Ends.Richard E. Grandy - 1988 - Oxford University Press UK.
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  30. Six Requirements in Search of a Theory.Abraham Edel - 1975 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 49:150-163.
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  31. Politics of Practical Reasoning: Integrating Action, Discourse, and Argument.Ricca Edmondson & Karlheinz Hülser (eds.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This book treats practical and political reasoning as an active engagement with the world and other people; it cannot be understood as exclusively cognitive and this is seen as a virtue rather than a deficiency. Informal, emotional, characterological, aesthetic and interactional aspects of thought can be constituents of reasonable arguing. The work examines key capacities connected with argumentation, in a variety of fields from professional and medical ethics to work organization and the practice of art.
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  32. O Ne Main Topic in Practical Philosophy is the Question of When Someone has a Reason for a Certain Action. Most Philosophers Agree on the Necessity of a Motivational and a Justificatory Condition, but They Still Disagree About How These Conditions Can Be Fulfilled. Though These Conditions Are Important in Forming Convincing Concepts of Practical. [REVIEW]Kirsten B. Endres & Practical Reasons - 2003 - In P. Schaber & R. Huntelmann (eds.), Grundlagen der Ethik. pp. 1--67.
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  33. Predelli on Procrastination.Anthony Everett - 2002 - Analysis 62 (2):160–166.
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  34. Action as the Conclusion of Practical Reasoning; The Critique of a Rödlian Account.Evgenia Mylonaki - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy (2).
    In this paper I take up the question of whether and in what sense action might be the conclusion of practical reasoning and argue against the answer provided by Sebastian Rödl's account of practical reasoning. Rödl's account aspires to steer a middle ground between the attitudinal and the neo-Aristotelian accounts of practical reasoning, by proposing that its conclusion is at once a thought and a movement. This account is worth considering for it promises to explain both practical reasoning's practicality and (...)
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  35. The Acts of Our Being.James W. Felt - 1987 - New Scholasticism 61 (4):477-479.
  36. The Power of a Practical Conclusion and Essays in the Economic Analysis of Legal Systems.Patricio A. Fernandez - unknown
    Part One defends the thesis, first advanced by Aristotle, that the conclusion of practical reasoning is an action, and argues for its philosophical significance. Opposition to the thesis rests on a contestable way of distinguishing between acts and contents of reasoning and on a picture of normative principles as external to the actions that fall under them. The resulting view forces us to choose between the efficacious, world-changing character of practical thought and its subjection to objective rational standards. This is (...)
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  37. Practical Reasoning, Human Goods and the End of Man.John Finnis - 1985 - New Blackfriars 66 (784):438-451.
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  38. Audi on Practical Reasoning.Richard Foley - 1991 - Behavior and Philosophy 19 (2):59 - 72.
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  39. An Alternative to Aune's Idealized View of Practical Reasoning.Corbin Fowler - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):23-36.
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  40. Practical Reason and Norms.R. G. Frey - 1976 - Philosophical Books 17 (3):135-137.
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  41. How Does Coherence Matter?John Gardner - manuscript
    Recently, much attention has been paid to ‘rational requirements’ and, especially, to what I call ‘rational requirements of formal coherence as such’. These requirements are satisfied just when our attitudes are formally coherent: for example, when our beliefs do not contradict each other. Nevertheless, these requirements are puzzling. In particular, it is unclear why we should satisfy them. In light of this, I explore the conjecture that there are no requirements of formal coherence. I do so by trying to construct (...)
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  42. The Sources and Limits of Practical Reasoning.Craig R. Goodrum - 1977 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 15 (3):293-307.
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  43. Edward Pols, The Acts of Our Being Reviewed By.Robert Hanna - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5 (1):20-22.
  44. Edward Pols, The Acts of Our Being. [REVIEW]Robert Hanna - 1985 - Philosophy in Review 5:20-22.
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  45. The Agent Standpoint and the Limits of Compatibilism: A Study of Compatibilism in the Context of Contemporary Action Theory.Elizabeth Mary Evans Harlow - 1986 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    This thesis examines compatibilist theories in relation to developments in the philosophy of action, beginning with the Humean "desire model" which dominated early in this century. It is argued that these "dissolutionist" forms of compatibilism failed to capture the meaning of "responsibility" and "free will" as ordinarily understood, partly because they depended on an inadequate theory of action and practical reasoning. Chapter III explores the role and meaning of "can" in compatibilist theories, arguing that the dissolutionist hypothetical analysis of "can" (...)
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  46. Practical Aspects of Theoretical Rationality.Gilbert Harman - 2004 - In Alfred R. Mele & Piers Rawling (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oup Usa.
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  47. Practical Reasoning.Gilbert Harman - 1997 - In Alfred R. Mele (ed.), Review of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. pp. 431--63.
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  48. Reasoning to Obligation.Barbara Herman - 2006 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):44 – 61.
    If, as Kant says, "the will is practical reason", we should think of willing as a mode of reasoning, and its activity represented in movement from evaluative premises to intention by way of a validity-securing principle of inference. Such a view of willing takes motive and rational choice out of empirical psychology, thereby eliminating grounds for many familiar objections to Kant's account of morally good action. The categorical imperative provides the fundamental principle of valid practical inference; however, for good willing, (...)
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  49. The Scope of Moral Requirement.Barbara Herman - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (3):227-256.
  50. An Artifact is to Use: An Introduction to Instrumental Functions.Jesse Hughes - 2009 - Synthese 168 (1):179-199.
    Because much of the recent philosophical interest in functions has been motivated by their application in biology and other sciences, most of the ensuing discussions have focused on functional explanations to the neglect of the practical role of functional knowledge. This practical role is essential for understanding how users form plans involving artifacts. We introduce the concept of instrumental function which is intended to capture the features of functional claims that are relevant to practical—in particular, instrumental—reasoning. We discuss the four (...)
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