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Summary This category currently includes works on Pre-Socratic Philosophy that are not about a single thinker, but are about themes or topics. It includes work on doxography, and on the origins of philosophy and science in the Pre-socratic period. It also includes collections of fragments and other texts that cover either the whole period or some subset of thinkers.
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681 found
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  1. Concepts of Causality in Presocratic Philosophy.D. Andriopoulos - unknown - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 13.
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  2. The Concept of Memory in Presocratic Culture.L. Borsic - unknown - Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 13.
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  3. Presocratic Fragments.Graham Dw - unknown - The Classical Review 62 (1).
  4. 12 Femmes hors du commun durant l'Antiquité et le Moye-Age.Yves Bertrand - forthcoming - Lyon, France:
    Women who changed ideas in Antiquity and in Middel Ages.
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  5. Flowing Along Endlessly: Banana Yoshimoto’s Female Protagonists as an Elemental Force.Carrie Giunta - forthcoming - In Emma Staniland & Elizabeth Jones (eds.), Women and Water in Global Fiction: Feminisms & Gender. Routledge.
  6. Ancient Philosophers on Death and Immortality - Long Death and Immortality in Ancient Philosophy. Pp. VIII + 232. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019. Cased, £74.99, Us$99.99. Isbn: 978-1-107-08659-3. [REVIEW]Stephen Hetherington - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-3.
  7. R. SEAFORD, J. WILKINS and M. WRIGHT Selfhood and the Soul: Essays on Ancient Thought and Literature in Honour of Christopher Gill. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp. Xi + 331. £70. 978198777250. [REVIEW]A. A. Long - forthcoming - Journal of Hellenic Studies:1-2.
  8. Socrates and Plato.Alex Long - forthcoming - Phronesis:1-12.
  9. Presocratic Philosophy.Richard McKirahan - forthcoming - Ancient Philosophy.
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  10. Hacia Una Interpretación de la Odisea (I).Aida Míguez Barciela - forthcoming - Laguna. Revista de Filosofía.
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  11. Diogenes of Apollonia as a Material Panpsychist.Luca Dondoni - 2021 - Ancient Philosophy Today 3 (1):3-29.
    In my paper, I shall provide a reading of Diogenes of Apollonia such that his understanding of the metaphysics of differentiation and of individual ensoulment may constitute an ingenious answer to the problems of his time. To this extent, I will argue that Diogenes' worldview solves the difficulties of Anaxagoras' metaphysics and successfully integrates mentality in a causally closed conception of nature. Finally, I will suggest that a Diogenes-inspired approach might be relevant to treat some pressing concerns in the contemporary (...)
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  12. Cohesive Causes in Ancient Greek Philosophy and Medicine.Sean Michael Pead Coughlin - 2020 - In Chiara Thumiger (ed.), Holism in Ancient Medicine and Its Reception. Leiden: pp. 237-267.
    This paper is about the history of a question in ancient Greek philosophy and medicine: what holds the parts of a whole together? The idea that there is a single cause responsible for cohesion is usually associated with the Stoics. They refer to it as the synectic cause (αἴτιον συνεκτικόν), a term variously translated as ‘cohesive cause,’ ‘containing cause’ or ‘sustaining cause.’ The Stoics, however, are neither the first nor the only thinkers to raise this question or to propose a (...)
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  13. Review of Marco Antonio Santamaría, The Derveni Papyrus: Unearthing Ancient Mysteries. [REVIEW]Sarah Feldman - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):236-241.
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  14. Anaximenes’ Ἀήρ as Generating Mist and Generated Air.Pavel Hobza - 2020 - Apeiron 53 (2):97-122.
    Anaximenes is usually considered to be a material monist recognizing transparent atmospheric air as a principle. In the cosmogonic explanation of the origin of the earth and the heavenly bodies, the Greek term ἀήρ turns out to mean rather ‘opaque damp mist’. However, Not only does it accord with archaic usage, but also with how it was used in his mentor, Anaximander. Yet, in cosmology ἀήρ means ‘air’ serving as stuff on which the earth and the heavenly bodies float. Hence, (...)
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  15. The Ethical Maxims of Democritus of Abdera.Monte Johnson - 2020 - In David Wolfsdorf (ed.), Early Greek Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 211-242.
    Democritus of Abdera, best known as a cosmologist and the founder of atomism, wrote more on ethics than anyone before Plato. His work Peri euthumiê (On Contentment) was extremely influential on the later development of teleological and intellectualist ethics, eudaimonism, hedonism, therapeutic ethics, and positive psychology. The loss of his works, however, and the transmission of his fragments in collections of maxims (gnomai), has obscured the extent his contribution to the history of systematic ethics and influence on later philosophy, especially (...)
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  16. Meteorology.Monte Johnson - 2020 - In Liba Taub (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek and Roman Science. Cambridge, UK: pp. 160-184.
    Greco-Roman meteorology will be described in four overlapping developments. In the archaic period, astro-meteorological calendars were written down, and one appears in Hesiod’s Works and Days; such calendars or almanacs originated thousands of years earlier in Mesopotamia. In the second development, also in the archaic period, the pioneers of prose writing began writing speculative naturalistic explanations of meteorological phenomena: Anaximander, followed by Heraclitus, Anaxagoras, and others. When Aristotle in the fourth century BCE mentions the ‘inquiry that all our predecessors have (...)
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  17. Philosophy and Dietetics in the Hippocratic On Regimen: A Delicate Balance of Health. By Hynek Bartos. [REVIEW]Monte Ransome Johnson - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):221-227.
    Hynek Bartos does the field of ancient philosophy a great service by detailing the influence of early Greek thinkers (such as Heraclitus, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Democritus, and Diogenes of Apollonia) on the Hippocratic work On Regimen, and by demonstrating that work’s innovative engagement with contemporary scientific and philosophical concepts as well as its direct influence on Plato and Aristotle. His study usefully counteracts the lamentable tendency among ancient philosophers to ignore or downplay the influence of medical literature on philosophy in general, (...)
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  18. Why Did Aristotle Invent the Material Cause ? The Early Development of the Concept of Hê Hylê.Monte Ransome Johnson - 2020 - In Pierre Pellegrin & Françoise Graziani (eds.), L'HÉRITAGE D'ARISTOTE AUJOURD'HUI : NATURE ET SOCIÉTÉ. Alessandria: Editzioni dell'Orso. pp. 59-86.
    I present a developmental account of Aristotle’s concept of hê hylê (usually translated “the matter”), focused the earliest developments. I begin by analyzing fragments of some lost early works and a chapter of the Organon, texts which indicate that early in his career Aristotle had not yet begun to use he hylê in a technical sense. Next, I examine Physics II 3, a chapter in which Aristotle conceives of he hylê not as a kind of cause in its own right, (...)
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  19. Jens Halfwassen, 1958-2020.Carl O’Brien - 2020 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 14 (2):117-119.
  20. Life and the Early Greek Philosophers - (C.) Zatta Interconnectedness. The Living World of the Early Greek Philosophers. Second Edition. (International Pre-Platonic Studies 7.) Pp. 387. Baden-Baden: Academia Verlag, 2019 (First Edition 2017). Paper, €49. Isbn: 978-3-89665-796-1. [REVIEW]Caterina Pellò - 2020 - The Classical Review 70 (2):318-320.
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  21. The Concept of Presocratic Philosophy: Its Origin, Development, and Significance, by André Laks; and The Beginnings of Philosophy in Greece, by Maria Michela Sassi.William Wians - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (2):469-475.
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  22. The Role of Philosophers in Antiquity. Bryan, Wardy, Warren (Ed.) Authors and Authorities in Ancient Philosophy. Pp. XIV + 370. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. Cased, £90, Us$125. Isbn: 978-1-316-51004-9. [REVIEW]Lucas Angioni - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (2):362-364.
  23. Anaxagoras, the Thoroughgoing Infinitist: The Relation Between His Teachings on Multitude and on Heterogeneity.Miloš Arsenijević, Saša Popović & Miloš Vuletić - 2019 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 15 (1):35-70.
    In the analysis of Anaxagoras’ physics in view of the relation between his teachings on multitude and heterogeneity, two central questions emerge: 1) How can the structure of the universe considered purely mereo-topologically help us explain that at the first cosmic stage no qualitative difference is manifest in spite of the fact that the entire qualitative heterogeneity is supposedly already present there? 2) How can heterogeneity become manifest at the second stage, resulting from the noûs intervention, if according to fragment (...)
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  24. Epistemology Within a Theological Framework - Tor Mortal and Divine in Early Greek Epistemology. A Study of Hesiod, Xenophanes and Parmenides. Pp. XIV + 406. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Cased, £90, Us$120. Isbn: 978-1-107-02816-6. [REVIEW]Dariusz Kubok - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):20-22.
  25. Bios Philosophos. Philosophy in Ancient Greek Biography, Edited by Bonazzi, M. And Schorn, S.Giuseppe Muscolino - 2019 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 13 (1):105-107.
  26. Anaximander’s ἄπειρον.Norman Sieroka - 2019 - Ancient Philosophy 39 (1):1-22.
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  27. Explaining Earth’s Stability by Uniformity: Origins of the Argument.Radim Kočandrle - 2018 - Apeiron 51 (4):459-482.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  28. Los dioses de los presocráticos.Enrique Morata - 2018 - Scribd.
    The gods of the pre-socratics and their concept of Good, in Spanish.
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  29. Phusis, Opposites and Ontological Dependence in Heraclitus.Richard Neels - 2018 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 35 (3):199-217.
    The earliest recorded philosophical use of the term "phusis" occurs in the fragments of Heraclitus (most notably at B1 and B123). Phusis, in the non-philosophical writings relevant to Heraclitus’s time (e.g. from Homer to Aeschylus and Pindar), was generally used to characterize the external physical appearance of something. Heraclitus, on the other hand, seems to have used the term in the completely opposite manner: an object’s phusis is hidden (kruptesthai) and greater (kreissōn) than the external appearance (B123 and B54). Despite (...)
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  30. La inteligencia en Diógenes de Apolonia.David Torrijos-Castrillejo - 2018 - Anuario Filosófico 51 (3):439-460.
    The philosophy of Diogenes pays special attention to knowledge. Diogenes bases his thought on the well-known thesis of Parmenides which identifies einai and noein, combining it with the nous of Anaxagoras. According to Diogenes, the intellect (noesis) is embodied in the formal features of things and therefore is powerful, like the nous of Anaxagoras. The aim of the following pages is to show, in confrontation with Laks, that noesis does not homogenize the cosmos, but rather it diversifies it.
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  31. Nietzsche and The Birth of Tragedy by Paul Raimond Daniels.Vinod Acharya - 2017 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 48 (2):294-300.
    Paul Raimond Daniels’s Nietzsche and The Birth of Tragedy is an engaging, instructive, and clearly written study of Nietzsche’s first book. It is a particularly fine achievement given the difficulties, in terms of both style and content, that Nietzsche’s text presents to the reader. Daniels’s aim is to present BT as an ideal introduction to Nietzsche’s philosophy, and, in light of its problematizing of the relation between art and truth, to argue that BT is crucial for evaluating the aims, successes, (...)
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  32. A Battle Against Pain? Aristotle, Theophrastus and the Physiologoi in Aspasius, On Nicomachean Ethics 156.14-20.Wei Cheng - 2017 - Phronesis 62 (4):392-416.
  33. ‘SEEING’ IN ANTIQUITY - Squire Sight and the Ancient Senses. Pp. Xiv + 313, Figs, Ills, Colour Pls. London and New York: Routledge, 2016. Paper, £29.99, US$49.95 . ISBN: 978-1-84465-866-4. [REVIEW]Jo Day - 2017 - The Classical Review 67 (2):543-545.
  34. The Lives of Philosophers - Bonazzi, Schorn Bios Philosophos. Philosophy in Ancient Greek Biography. Pp. 313. Turnhout: Brepols, 2016. Paper, €75. Isbn: 978-2-503-56546-0. [REVIEW]Hugh Liebert - 2017 - The Classical Review 67 (2):363-366.
  35. Arystotelesowskie Ujęcie Homonimii.Mikołaj Domaradzki - 2016 - Diametros 50:1-24.
    The purpose of the paper is to discuss Aristotle’s account of homonymy. The major thesis advocated here is that Aristotle considers both entities and words to be homonymous, depending on the object of his criticism. Thus, when he takes issue with Plato, he tends to view homonymy more ontologically, upon which it is entities that become homonymous. When, on the other hand, he gainsays the exegetes or the sophists, he is inclined to perceive homonymy more semantically, upon which it is (...)
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  36. Studies in Presocratic Philosophy Volume 2: The Eleatics and Pluralists.David Furley & Reginald E. Allen (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    The articles in this volume deal with the four major philosophical positions of the presocratic period: The arguments of Parmenides and Zeno against earlier or contemporary pluralist theories The three pluralist responses of Empedocles, Anaxagoras and the early Atomists.
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  37. Studies in Presocratic Philosophy Volume 1: The Beginnings of Philosophy.David Furley & Reginald E. Allen (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    Collected in this volume are some of the most important articles published on the philosophy of the Greeks before Socrates. They cover: The nature of Presocratic thought The sources of our knowledge of the Presocratics The earliest philosophers up to Heraclitus.
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  38. Digital Technologies and Reforging the Iron Men.Alex V. Halapsis - 2016 - ScienceRise 24 (7):55-61.
    Digital technologies not only to transform the social and cultural reality; they are making changes in the human nature. Therefore, it makes sense to speak about Silicon Race (SiRace). Iron men descends from the world history scene. This process is irreversible, but realizing in emerging with the prospects and the risks that accompany them, we can direct the efforts to ensure that reforging the iron men will be successful.
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  39. Philosophical Usage of the History of Philosophy – A Proposal for a Functional Typology.Maria Marcinkowska-Rosół - 2016 - Diametros 49:50-67.
    The article deals with the question of the value of the history of philosophy for philosophical research. In the first part, it proposes a classification of possible functions realized by references to the philosophical tradition in a philosophical treatise. The proposed typology is meant as a practical tool for identifying and comparing the usage of the past in philosophical texts of any historical period. The second part of the paper illustrates how the classification can be employed by applying it to (...)
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  40. Gorgias' First Thesis. An Analysis.Andrzej Nowakowski - 2016 - Diametros 48:71-88.
    The proof of first thesis of Gorgias is an indirect deductive argument constructed by the multiple use of the _modus tollens_ pattern. Those of its premises which are assumed without proofs are misleadingly similar to some logical or analytical truths. If they actually were such truths, some contradictions would have to appear in the proof. In the times of Gorgias the proof could be regarded as correct; the possibility of showing and clearly describing its defects emerged only after formal logic (...)
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  41. ARQUITETURA DO TEMPO: O Torso Arcaico de Anaximandro (SIMPL. In Phys. 24.13–25).Luan Reboredo - 2016 - Dissertation, UFRJ, Brazil
    Contra uma leitura disseminada segundo a qual os primeiros filósofos teriam se ocupado sobretudo do princípio material das coisas existentes, o trabalho defende que a cosmologia de Anaximandro é eminentemente processual e se caracteriza por ser uma minuciosa descrição acerca do modo como estados presentes decorrem de estados passados segundo um princípio de justiça que é regulado pela “disposição do tempo”. Sua cosmologia constitui a emergência de uma nova concepção de temporalidade que não explica o que é, foi e será (...)
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  42. Vestígios da cosmologia de Empédocles em fontes latinas dos séculos XII-XIII.Evaniel Brás dos Santos - 2016 - Dissertatio 44:131-150.
    O propósito deste artigo é analisar a expressão que assegura a presença de partes da cosmologia de Empédocles no Ocidente latino nos séculos XII-XIII, qual seja, creatio mundi, esta que é a tradução do termo κοσμοποιία. A análise centra-se, por um lado, em três traduções latinas da Física II, 4, 196a 20-24, de Aristóteles, texto no qual aparece o termo κοσμοποιία e, por outro lado, em partes da obra de Tomás de Aquino na qual o autor discute a cosmologia de (...)
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  43. Kritik über Mittelstraß (2014): Die griechische Denkform. Von der Entstehung der Philosophie aus dem Geiste der Geometrie.Stefan Düfel - 2015 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 18 (1):227-231.
  44. The Solonian Legacy in Socrates.Lucas Fain - 2015 - Helios 42 (1):209-243.
  45. Presocratics.Jacob Graham - 2015
    Presocratics Presocratic philosophers are the Western thinkers preceding Socrates but including some thinkers who were roughly contemporary with Socrates, such as Protagoras. The application of the term “philosophy” to the Presocratics is somewhat anachronistic, but is certainly different from how many people currently think of philosophy. The … Continue reading Presocratics →.
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  46. Apeiron jako substrat? Najstarsza krytyka monizmu Anaksymandra oraz jej metodologiczne uwarunkowania.Maria Marcinkowska-Rosół - 2015 - Diametros 43:103-117.
    The article deals with the oldest criticism of Anaximander’s monism, for which we have evidence, found in John Philoponus’ commentary on the first book of Aristotle’s Physics . Philoponus’ argumentation is analytically examined and explained, its premises brought to light and its conclusions evaluated. It is shown how his inquiry, although anticipating modern discussions about the classification of Anaximander’s doctrine in terms of ‘monism’ and ‘pluralism’, differs from the contemporary approach to the problem when it comes to both results and (...)
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  47. Um estudo dos sentidos do Ser e do Éthos em Parmênides a partir da Filosofia de Martin Heidegger.Pedro Proscurcin Junior - 2015 - Sapere Aude - Revista de Filosofia 6 (12):570-581.
    The article aims to study the fragments 2 and 7 of Parmenides through Martin Heidegger’s philosophy. The study focuses on the comprehension of the Being’s investigative paths and on "the concealed sense" of the term éthos in the poem. Finally, the text is going to compare the sense of éthos established in Parmenides with the one testified by Heraclitus. The last one shows itself much more originary, as can be understood from Heidegger’s texts.
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  48. Anaxagorae Homoeomeria.David Torrijos-Castrillejo - 2015 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 36:141-147.
    Aristotle introduced in the history of the reception of Anaxagoras the term “homoiomerous.” This word refers to substances whose parts are similar to each other and to the whole. Although Aristotle’s explanations can be puzzling, the term “homoiomerous” may explain an authentic aspect of Anaxagoras’ doctrine reflected in the fragments of his work. Perhaps one should find a specific meaning for the term “homoiomerous” in Anaxagoras, somewhat different from the one present in Aristotle. This requires a review of the sense (...)
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  49. La cosmología presocrática.David Torrijos-Castrillejo - 2015 - Hypnos. Revista Do Centro de Estudos da Antiguidade 34:132-139.
    This article aims at clarifying some issues raised by a recent book of Daniel W. Graham about the Presocratic cosmology. It particularly intends to shed some light on the understanding of Anaxagoras’ universe by suggesting some reasons why, despite Graham’s opinion, it is still possible to think that the stars were flat according to him. Another goal is highlighting the importance of the comprehensive physical theory of Anaxagoras, based on a circular motion called perichoresis, which would explain diverse phenomena in (...)
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  50. Plato’s Saving Mūthos: The Language of Salvation in the Republic.Vishwa Adluri - 2014 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 8 (1):3-32.
    This article discusses the Homeric background of the Republic with the aim of elucidating Plato’s critique of Homeric nostos. It argues that the Republic unfolds as a nostos voyage, with Socrates striving to steer the soul home. Even though Segal has already argued for seeing the Republic as an Odyssean voyage, this article suggests that Plato does more than simply borrow the idea of a voyage as a metaphor for the wanderings of the soul. Rather, there is an implicit critique (...)
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