About this topic
Summary Pre-Socratic philosophy is the period of Greek philosophy up to the time of Socrates. It conventionally begins with the work of Thales (sixth century BC). Many discussions of the early period also consider the pre-philosophical background (religion, myth, epic poetry, popular ethical thought) and investigate the origins of philosophy and possible causes for its emergence in Greece at this time, as well as the question "what is philosophy?" and "Did they think of themselves as doing philosophy, and if so what kind?". The distinction between philosophy and science is an issue. All the texts are fragmentary (preserved mainly as quotations in later writers). Much of the literature is concerned with the task of reconstructing the lost views of these obscure philosophers from the fragments and using the third person testimonies of later writers. The Sophists (active around the time of Socrates) are generally included as Pre-Socratic in that their work is not influenced by Socrates.
Key works The standard edition of the Greek texts is known as Diels Kranz (DK) which refers to the edition by Hermann Diels (revised by W. Kranz) Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker (sixth edition 1951). Fragments are cited by their numbers in that collection (which includes a German translation). But many of the texts have been revised and corrected in later collections, and there have also been some further discoveries and revisions to which fragments are widely accepted as genuine. The best recent editions are usually collections of just one author (see the bibliographies for individual Presocratics). Handy recent collections with all the latest material included, but conservative editing and interpretation, are  Die Vorsokratiker edited by Jaap Mansfeld and Oliver Primavesi (Greek and facing German with brief introductions, one small pocket volume) and Graham 2010 (Greek and facing English, with brief introductions, two substantial volumes). Recommended editions in English include  Barnes 2001 (which helpfully integrates the texts into their quoting authorities to show context of the fragment), Waterfield 2000 and Richard McKirahan's philosophy before Socrates. General introductions to the Presocratics include Osborne 2004 and James Warren Presocratics.
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  1. Parmenides, Melissus, Gorgias: A Reinterpretation of Eleatic Philosophy. [REVIEW]E. F. A. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):526-526.
  2. Gli Eleati: Testimonianze E Frammenti.Pilo Albertelli - 1940 - Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):51-51.
  3. Evidencias del excepticismo de Diógenes Laercio en el libro IX de sus Vidas.Ramón Román Alcalá - 2012 - Estudios Filosóficos 61 (176):69-82.
  4. Review: Ovid's Tristia, Ex Ponto, and Halieutica Fragments. [REVIEW]E. H. Alton - 1916 - The Classical Review 30 (8):229-232.
  5. Commentary on Kahn.Martin Andic - 1985 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 1 (1):259-270.
  6. Did Parmenides Hold a Theory of Perceiving and Knowing?D. Z. Andriopoulos - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (1):135-145.
  7. Political Fragments of Archytas, Charondas, Zaleucus, and Other Ancient Pythagoreans, Preserved by Stobæs; and Also, Ethical Fragments of Hierocles, Preserved by the Same Author. Tr. By T. Taylor. [REVIEW]Thomas Archytas & Taylor - 1822
  8. FREEMAN, K. -Ancilla to the Pre-Socratic Philosophers. A Complete Translation of the Fragments in Diels, Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. [REVIEW]A. H. Armstrong - 1949 - Mind 58:123.
  9. The Giants of Pre-Sophistic Greek Philosophy.D. J. B. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):807-807.
  10. H. J. Rose: Aeneas Pontifex. (Vergilian Essays, No. 2.) Pp. 28. London: Phoenix Press, 1948. Paper, 1s. 6d. Net.Cyril Bailey - 1949 - The Classical Review 63 (3-4):142-.
  11. Fragments in Philosophy and Science.James Mark Baldwin - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (4):471-474.
  12. Platon Heracliticul. Contributie la Istoria Dialecticii.Ion Banu - 1972 - [Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România].
  13. KIRK, G. S., RAVEN, J. E. And SCHOFIELD, M.: "The Presocratic Philosophers". Second Edition. [REVIEW]Andrew Barker - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36:465.
  14. Essays on Being, by Charles H. Kahn.J. Barnes - 2010 - Mind 119 (475):811-814.
  15. The Presocratic Philosophers. Volume 1: Thales to Zeno. Volume 2: Empedocles to Democritus.Jonathan Barnes - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (5):279-287.
  16. The Presocratic Philosophers. Vol. I Thales to Zeno.Jonathan Barnes - 1980 - Mind 89 (355):439-441.
  17. Pindar's Twelfth Olympian and the Fall of the Deinomenidai.W. S. Barrett - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93:23-.
  18. A Vase-Fragment From la Monediere.J. D. Beazley - 1959 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 79:16.
  19. A Neglected Testimonium (Fragment?) On the Chaldaean Oracles.Gerald Bechtle - 2006 - Classical Quarterly 56 (02):563-.
  20. Britton J. Harwood,“Piers Plowman” and the Problem of Belief. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992. Pp. Xii, 237. $60. [REVIEW]C. David Benson - 1994 - Speculum 69 (3):794-796.
  21. Parmenides, Fragment 10.P. J. Bicknell - 1968 - Hermes 96 (4):629-631.
  22. /Cosmos-Sized Atoms in Demokritos.Peter Bicknell - 1981 - Apeiron 15 (2):138.
  23. MOURELATOS, Alexander P. D.: The Route of Parmenides. [REVIEW]Peter Bicknell - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49:226.
  24. Observations sur quelques fragments d'Empédocle et de Parménide.J. Bidez - 1896 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 9 (3):298-309.
  25. Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker III.A.H. Bloch - 1943 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 37:215-216.
  26. Fragments.H. J. Blumenthal, Numenius & E. des Places - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:191.
  27. Some Attic Fragments: Pot, Plaque, and Dithyramb.John Boardman - 1956 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 76:18-25.
  28. Material Evidence for Roman Slavery. M. George Roman Slavery and Roman Material Culture. Pp. VIII + 240, Pls. Toronto, Buffalo and London: University of Toronto Press, 2013. Cased. Isbn: 978-1-4426-4457-1. [REVIEW]John Bodel - forthcoming - The Classical Review:1-3.
  29. A. H. COXON, "The Fragments of Parmenides". [REVIEW]Richard BodÉÜs - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (3):563.
  30. Die Vorsokratiker: Ein philosophisches Porträt (review).M. István Bodnár - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (3):521-522.
  31. Parmenide, Un Auteur.Jean Bollack - 2007 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 24 (1):45-50.
  32. Aristocles of Messene. Testimonia and Fragments. [REVIEW]M. Bonazzi - 2003 - Elenchos 24 (1).
  33. Aristotle on Empedokles B 100.Nathaniel Booth - 1975 - Hermes 103 (3):373-375.
  34. Why is Aristotle Treated so Differently From Other Greek Philosophers?Abraham P. Bos - 2008 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 29 (1):145-166.
  35. Three Archaic Poets: Archilochus, Alcaeus, Sappho.E. L. Bowie & A. P. Burnett - 1986 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 106:221.
  36. Papyrus in Classical AntiquityLa Papirologia.Alan K. Bowman, N. Lewis & O. Montevecchi - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:265.
  37. Stobaeus Anthologium III 24.Aldo Brancacci - 2005 - In Philosophy and Doxography in the Imperial Age. L. S. Olschki. pp. 59--77.
  38. Review:[Caton, Les Origines (Fragments)]. [REVIEW]John Briscoe - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (1):153-154.
  39. "Walker", Richard Johnson, Euripidean Fragments.Wendell S. Brooks - 1921 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 16:182.
  40. Carmina Archilochi: The Fragments of Archilochus.A. D. Fitton Brown, Archilochus & G. Davenport - 1965 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 85:173.
  41. Pindar on Archilochus and the Gluttony of Blame (Pyth. 2.52-6).Christopher G. Brown - 2006 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 126:36-46.
    In Pyth. 2.52-5 Pindar describes Archilochus as 'growing fat on dire words of hatred'. This article argues that Pindar portrays Archilochus as a glutton in the manner of iambic invective. A glutton is seen as a person who grows fat at the expense of others, and so fails in the matter of "kháris". In this light, Archilochus, the poet of blame, stands with Ixion in the poem as a negative paradigm, serving as a foil to Pindar's praise of Hieron. Praise (...)
  42. The Contemporary Pre-Socratics.Jean Brun - 1958 - Philosophy Today 2 (1):3.
  43. Fragments.Jacques Brunschwig - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (1):145-146.
  44. Héraclite, "Fragments." Ed. Marcel Conche. [REVIEW]Jacques Brunschwig - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (1):145.
  45. The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women and Archaic Greece by Kirk Ormand.Jonathan S. Burgess - 2015 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 109 (1):127-128.
  46. A Fragment of Sculpture.A. R. Burn - 1958 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 78:13.
  47. History (S.) Gibson Aristoxenus of Tarentum and the Birth of Musicology. (Studies in Classics 9). New York and London: Routledge, 2005. Pp. Ix + 264. £45. 9780415970617. [REVIEW]Charles Burnett - 2007 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 127:203-.
  48. La parodie de Diogène d'Apollonie dans les Nuées.Simon Byl - 1994 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 72 (1):5-9.
  49. The Philosophers of Greece. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):150-150.
  50. Fragments Philosophiques, 1909-1914. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):396-397.
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