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  1. added 2020-03-13
    Kim’s Dilemma: Why Mental Causation is Not Productive.Andrew Russo - 2015 - Synthese 193 (7):2185-2203.
    Loewer has argued that the nonreductive physicalist should respond to the exclusion problem by endorsing the overdetermination entailed by their view. Kim’s argument against this reply is based on the premise that mental causation must be a productive relation in order to sustain human agency. In this paper, I challenge the premise that mental causation is a productive relation by appealing to the underlying double prevention structure of the physiological mechanisms of human action. Since the causal pathways from an agent’s (...)
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  2. added 2019-09-09
    Transference, or Identity Theories of Causation?María José García-Encinas - 2010 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 19 (1):31-47.
    I argue that transference is, ultimately, identity over time, and that identity over time can't possibly be causation. Transference, then, fails as an analysis of causation.
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  3. added 2019-08-28
    The Principle of the Causal Openness of the Physical.Daniel Von Wachter - 2019 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 26 (1):40-61.
    The argument from causal closure for physicalism requires the principle that a physical event can only occur through being necessitated by antecedent physical events. This article proposes a view of the causal structure of the world that claims not only that an event need not be necessitated by antecedent events, but that an event cannot be necessitated by antecedent events. All events are open to counteraction. In order to spell out various kinds of counteraction I introduce the idea of ‘directedness.’.
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  4. added 2019-06-06
    Problems for the Conserved Quantity Theory: Counterexamples, Circularity, and Redundancy.Christopher Hitchcock - 2009 - The Monist 92 (1):72-93.
    The conserved quantity theory of causation aims to analyze causal processes and interactions in terms of conserved quantities. In order to be successful, the theory must correctly distinguish between causal processes and interactions, on the one hand, and pseudoprocesses and mere intersections on the other.Moreover, it must do this while satisfying two further criteria: it must avoid circularity; and the appeal to conserved quantities must not be redundant. I argue that the theory is not successful in meeting these criteria.
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  5. added 2019-04-23
    The Mechanical World: The Metaphysical Commitments of the New Mechanistic Approach.Beate Krickel - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
  6. added 2019-02-10
    On Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle and Reichenbach's Notion of Common Cause.G. Hofer-Szabo - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):377-399.
    It is shown that, given any finite set of pairs of random events in a Boolean algebra which are correlated with respect to a fixed probability measure on the algebra, the algebra can be extended in such a way that the extension contains events that can be regarded as common causes of the correlations in the sense of Reichenbach's definition of common cause. It is shown, further, that, given any quantum probability space and any set of commuting events in it (...)
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  7. added 2019-02-10
    The Common Cause Principle.Frank Arntzenius - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:227 - 237.
    The common cause principle states that correlations have prior common causes which screen off those correlations. I argue that the common cause principle is false in many circumstances, some of which are very general. I then suggest that more restricted versions of the common cause principle might hold, and I prove such a restricted version.
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  8. added 2019-01-25
    A Weakened Mechanism is Still a Mechanism: On the Causal Role of Absences in Mechanistic Explanation.Alexander Mebius - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):43-48.
    Much contemporary debate on the nature of mechanisms centers on the issue of modulating negative causes. One type of negative causability, which I refer to as “causation by absence,” appears difficult to incorporate into modern accounts of mechanistic explanation. This paper argues that a recent attempt to resolve this problem, proposed by Benjamin Barros, requires improvement as it overlooks the fact that not all absences qualify as sources of mechanism failure. I suggest that there are a number of additional types (...)
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  9. added 2018-12-17
    The Dual Nature of Causation : Two Necessary and Jointly Sufficient Conditions.Caroline Torpe Touborg - 2018 - Dissertation, St. Andrews
    In this dissertation, I propose a reductive account of causation. This account may be stated as follows: -/- Causation:c is a cause of e within a possibility horizon H iff a) c is process-connected to e, and b) e security-depends on c within H. -/- More precisely, my suggestion is that there are two kinds of causal relata: instantaneous events (defined in Chapter 4) and possibility horizons (defined in Chapter 5). Causation is a ternary relation between two actual instantaneous events (...)
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  10. added 2018-12-05
    Processes, Pre-Emption and Further Problems.Andreas Hüttemann - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1487-1509.
    In this paper I will argue that what makes our ordinary judgements about token causation true can be explicated in terms of interferences into quasi-inertial processes. These interferences and quasi-inertial processes can in turn be fully explicated in scientific terms. In this sense the account presented here is reductive. I will furthermore argue that this version of a process-theory of causation can deal with the traditional problems that process theories have to face, such as the problem of misconnection and the (...)
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  11. added 2018-09-27
    Mechanisms and the Metaphysics of Causation.Lucas J. Matthews & James Tabery - 2018 - In Stuart Glennan & Phyllis Illari (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy. Routledge.
  12. added 2018-08-21
    Causal Overdetermination and Contextualism.Esteban Céspedes - 2016 - Springer.
    This work explains how different theories of causation confront causal overdetermination. Chapters clarify the problem of overdetermination and explore its fundamental aspects. It is argued that a theory of causation can account for our intuitions in overdetermination cases only by accepting that the adequacy of our claims about causation depends on the context in which they are evaluated.The author proposes arguments for causal contextualism and provides insight which is valuable for resolution of the problem. -/- These chapters enable readers to (...)
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  13. added 2018-05-28
    Causal Overdetermination: Still Crazy After All These Years. Part I: What Is at Stake?Tuomas K. Pernu - 2018 - Philosophical Forum 49 (2):231-244.
    Causal overdetermination occupies an uncomfortable place within all the major theories of causation. A natural solution to the problems it gives rise to would be to resolve overdetermination into preemption or joint causation. However, such a solution would seem to lead to individuate events in a fragile manner. The issue of such modal fragility is addressed and it is argued that events designated as effects are always fragile in a natural way and the putative problems of adopting modal fragility can (...)
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  14. added 2017-09-29
    Could Phenomenal Consciousness Function as a Cognitive Unconscious?Max Velmans - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):357-358.
    Evidence for unconscious semantic representation suggests that a cognitive unconscious exists. Phenomenal consciousness cannot easily be shown to deal with complex cognitive operations such as those involved in language translation and creativity. A self-organising phenomenal consciousness that controls brain functions also runs into mind/body problems (well recognised in the consciousness studies literature) that Perruchet & Vinter must address.
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  15. added 2017-09-21
    Wesley Salmon’s Intellectual Odyssey and Achievements.Adolf Grünbaum - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):922-925.
    Opening Remarks of the Chairman at “Wesley C. Salmon, 1925–2001”: A Symposium Honoring his Contributions to the Philosophy of Science.
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  16. added 2017-09-21
    Reichenbach, Causation, and Explanation.Richard Otte - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:59 - 65.
    This paper investigates the differences between two conceptions of causation which are claimed to amount for causation in indeterministic situations. Recent analyses of indeterministic causation have been based upon mark transmission, and upon probability relations. Both types of analyses were proposed by Reichenbach, who claimed that they were extensionally equivalent. I demonstrate that they are not equivalent, and discuss some implications of this for models of scientific explanation.
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  17. added 2017-07-25
    Activities and Causation.Peter Machamer - unknown
    This paper details the ontological and epistemic character of activties that occur in mechanisms. It explains why they are sufficient to handle the problems of causation.
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  18. added 2017-07-12
    Mechanistic Theories of Causality Part II.Jon Williamson - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (6):433-444.
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  19. added 2017-07-12
    Mechanistic Theories of Causality Part I.Jon Williamson - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (6):421-432.
    Part I of this paper introduces a range of mechanistic theories of causality, including process theories and the complex-systems theories, and some of the problems they face. Part II argues that while there is a decisive case against a purely mechanistic analysis, a viable theory of causality must incorporate mechanisms as an ingredient, and describes one way of providing an analysis of causality which reaps the rewards of the mechanistic approach without succumbing to its pitfalls.
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  20. added 2017-07-12
    Mechanistic Theories of Causality.Jon Williamson - unknown
    After introducing a range of mechanistic theories of causality and some of the problems they face, I argue that while there is a decisive case against a purely mechanistic analysis, a viable theory of causality must incorporate mechanisms as an ingredient. I describe one way of providing an analysis of causality which reaps the rewards of the mechanistic approach without succumbing to its pitfalls.
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  21. added 2017-07-11
    A Glimpse of The.Stathis Psillos - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (3).
    : Among the current philosophical accounts of causation two are the most prominent. The first is James Woodward's interventionist counterfactual approach; the second is the mechanistic approach advocated by Peter Machamer, Lindley Darden, Carl Craver, Jim Bogen and Stuart Glennan. Thecounterfactual approach takes it that causes make a difference to their effects, where this difference-making is cashed out in terms of actual and counterfactual interventions. The mechanistic approach takes it that two events are causally related if and only if there (...)
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  22. added 2017-06-24
    Causes As Difference‐Makers For Processes.Christian Loew - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (1):89-106.
    It is natural to think of causes as difference-makers. What exact difference causes make, however, is an open question. In this paper, I argue that the right way of understanding difference-making is in terms of causal processes: causes make a difference to a causal process that leads to the effect. I will show that this way of understanding difference-making nicely captures the distinction between causing an outcome and helping determine how the outcome happens and, thus, explains why causation is not (...)
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  23. added 2017-06-20
    Patterns, Information, and Causation.Holly Andersen - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (11):592-622.
    This paper articulates an account of causation as a collection of information-theoretic relationships between patterns instantiated in the causal nexus. I draw on Dennett’s account of real patterns to characterize potential causal relata as patterns with specific identification criteria and noise tolerance levels, and actual causal relata as those patterns instantiated at some spatiotemporal location in the rich causal nexus as originally developed by Salmon. I develop a representation framework using phase space to precisely characterize causal relata, including their degree (...)
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  24. added 2017-04-22
    Causes as Probability Raisers of Processes.Jonathan Schaffer - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):75.
  25. added 2017-03-31
    Local Theories of Causation and the a Posteriori Identification of the Causal Relation.Alexander Rueger - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48 (1):25-38.
    The need to find an intrinsic characterization of what makes a relation between events causal arises not only in local theories of causation like Salmon's process theory but also in global approaches like Lewis' counterfactual theory. According to the localist intuition, whether a process connecting two events is causal should depend only on what goes on between the events, not on conditions that hold elsewhere in the world. If such intrinsic characterizations could be found, an identification of the causal relation (...)
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  26. added 2017-03-29
    Causes Are Physically Connected to Their Effects.Dowe Phil - 2004 - In Christopher Hitchcock (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 189--196.
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  27. added 2017-02-26
    Phil Dowe, Physical Causation.McDaniel Kris - 2002 - Erkenntnis 56 (2):258-263.
  28. added 2017-02-26
    Probabilistic Causal Processes.Jonathan Richard Katz - 1983 - Dissertation, The University of British Columbia (Canada)
    Many theorists take causality to be the heart of scientific explanation. If we couple this view with the idea, again common enough, that causes are something like sufficient conditions for their effects, then we have raised a difficulty for any theory of scientific explanation that admits "final" statistical explanations, for a statistical explanation must allow that factors relevant to an event to be explained not determine that event, but only make it probable to some degree . If we do not (...)
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  29. added 2017-02-22
    Probabilistic Causality and Causal Generalizations.Daniel M. Hausman - 2010 - In Ellery Eells & James H. Fetzer (eds.), The Place of Probability in Science. Springer. pp. 47--63.
  30. added 2017-02-22
    Mechanisms and Counterfactuals: A Different Glimpse of the Connexion.Rafaella Campaner - 2006 - Philosophica 77.
    Ever since Wesley Salmon’s theory, the mechanical approach to causality has found an increasing number of supporters who have developed it in different directions. Mechanical views such as those advanced by Stuart Glennan, Jim Bogen and Peter Machamer, Lindley Darden and Carl Craver have met with broad consensus in recent years. This paper analyses the main features of these mechanical positions and some of the major problems they still face, referring to the latest debate on mechanisms, causal explanation and the (...)
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  31. added 2017-02-15
    The Salmon of Doubt. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2006 - The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly 130.
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  32. added 2017-02-14
    Exposing the Causal Structure of Processes by Learning CP-Logic Programs.Hendrik Blockeel - 2008 - In Tu-Bao Ho & Zhi-Hua Zhou (eds.), Pricai 2008: Trends in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 2--2.
    Since the late nineties there has been an increased interested in probabilistic logic learning, an area within AI that combines machine learning with logic-based knowledge representation and uncertainty reasoning. Several different formalisms for combining first-order logic with probability reasoning have been proposed, and it has been studied how models in these formalisms can be automatically learned from data. -/- This talk starts with a brief introduction to probabilistic logic learning, after which we will focus on a relatively new formalism known (...)
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  33. added 2017-02-14
    Luis Garcia-Ballester. Galen and Galenism. Theory and Medical Practice From Antiquity to the European Renaissance, Eds. J. Arrizabalage, M. Cabre, L. Cifuentes and F. Salmon Eds. J. Arrizabalage, M. Cabre, L. Cifuentes and F. Salmon. [REVIEW]J. Rocca - 2004 - Early Science and Medicine 9 (4):362-363.
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  34. added 2017-02-14
    Paolo Parrini, Wesley C. Salmon, and Merrilee H. Salmon, Eds., Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Alexander Rueger - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (2):140-143.
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  35. added 2017-02-14
    Wesley C. Salmon.Explaining Things Probabilistically - 2003 - In Kyburg Jr, E. Henry & Mariam Thalos (eds.), Probability is the Very Guide of Life: The Philosophical Uses of Chance. Open Court.
  36. added 2017-02-14
    News Hound the All-Time Top 50, Lord Sutherland and the Death of Wesley Salmon.Julian Baggini, Susan Dwyer, Simon Kassom & Peter Fosl - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 13.
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  37. added 2017-02-14
    Phil Dowe, Physical Causation Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Alexander Rueger - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (4):254-256.
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  38. added 2017-02-14
    Un Épisode du Pacte Des Muses… Érasme Et Salmon Macrin.Georges Soubeille - 1982 - Bibliothèque d'Humanisme Et Renaissance 44 (1):133-136.
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  39. added 2017-02-13
    Ricardo Menéndez Salmón. El Corrector.Ewald Weitzdörfer - 2009 - Alpha (Osorno) 29.
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  40. added 2017-02-13
    Commentary B on Breton and Salmon.Francesco Parisi - 2006 - In Albert Breton & M. J. Trebilcock (eds.), Bijuralism: An Economic Approach. Ashgate Pub. Company. pp. 65.
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  41. added 2017-02-13
    Commentary A on Breton and Salmon.Don Dewees - 2006 - In Albert Breton & M. J. Trebilcock (eds.), Bijuralism: An Economic Approach. Ashgate Pub. Company. pp. 61.
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  42. added 2017-02-13
    Wesley Salmon, a Memoir.Merrilee Salmon - 2005 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 37:11-16.
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  43. added 2017-02-13
    Wesley C. Salmon.Inductive Logic - 1969 - In Nicholas Rescher (ed.), Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel. Reidel. pp. 24--47.
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  44. added 2017-02-12
    Wesley C. Salmon Versus GWF Hegel on Causation, Principle of Common Cause and Theoretical Explanation.Igor Hanzel - 2011 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 18 (2):189-212.
    The aim of this article is to analyze the main contributions of Wesley C. Salmon to the philosophy of science, that is, his concepts of causation, common cause, and theoretical explanation, and to provide a critique of them. This critique will be based on a comparison of Salmon’s concepts with categories developed by Hegel in his Science of Logic and which can be applied to issues treated by Salmon by means of the above given three concepts. It is the author’s (...)
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  45. added 2017-02-12
    Socially Constructing Pacific Salmon.Rik Scarce - 1997 - Society and Animals 5 (2):117-135.
    What does "nature" mean? This general question, central to the social construction of nature, is addressed here by examining one of nature's particulars, Pacific salmon, and by looking at how one group of people, salmon biologists, imbue the fish with meaning. Based upon historical, comparative, and qualitative data, it appears that nature is socially constructed through both cognitive and physical processes. "Salmon"- and indirectly nature - emerges not as a monolithic, timeless, certain entity, but rather as one that is manipulable, (...)
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  46. added 2017-02-09
    Wesley C. Salmon, 1925-2001.Adolf Grünbaum - 2001 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 75 (2):125 - 127.
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  47. added 2017-02-08
    Review of Max Kistler, Causalité Et Lois de la Nature Paris: Vrin 1999, 311 Pages, FRF 198. [REVIEW]Michael Esfeld - unknown
    Max Kistler’s first book, based on his Paris Ph.D. thesis, is an elaborate defence of a transference theory of causation. Such a theory conceives of causality as the transfer of a conserved quantity. A transference theory of causation is thus one form that a regularity account of causation, as opposed to a counterfactual account, might take. Kistler’s original contribution consists (a) in the way in which he develops an account of causation based on transference and (b) in relating a theory (...)
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  48. added 2017-02-08
    Why Theories of Causality Need Production : An Information Transmission Account.Phyllis McKay Illari - 2011 - Philosophy and Technology 24 (2):95-114.
    In this paper, I examine the comparatively neglected intuition of production regarding causality. I begin by examining the weaknesses of current production accounts of causality. I then distinguish between giving a good production account of causality and a good account of production. I argue that an account of production is needed to make sense of vital practices in causal inference. Finally, I offer an information transmission account of production based on John Collier’s work that solves the primary weaknesses of current (...)
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  49. added 2017-02-08
    Salmon on the A Priori.Rod Bertolet - 1991 - Analysis 51 (1):43 - 48.
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  50. added 2017-02-02
    Review of Wesley C. Salmon, Phil Dowe (Ed.), Merrilee H. Salmon (Ed.), Reality and Rationality[REVIEW]Ned Hall - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (1).
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