Property in Law

Edited by Ori Herstein (King's College London, Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
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  1. added 2019-06-06
    Altering Artworks: Creators’ Moral Rights Vs. The Public Good.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2005 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2):53-61.
    The grounds for recognizing that artists possess a personal “moral right of integrity” that would entitle them to prevent others from modifying their works are weak. There is, however, an important public interest in protecting highly-valued entities, including at least some works of art, from permanently destructive transformations.
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  2. added 2018-10-09
    Moral Market Design.Sam Fox Krauss - 2019 - Kansas Journal of Law and Public Policy 28 (2).
    We often encounter people who we believe are behaving immorally. We routinely try to change minds and often donate to charitable organizations that do the same. Of course, this does not always work. In a liberal, rights-based society, we have to tolerate this. But legal entitlements to act in ways that others find immoral are inefficiently allocated. For example, some meat-eaters value eating meat less than some vegetarians would be willing to pay them to stop. While many have written about (...)
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  3. added 2018-04-03
    Animals, Slaves, and Corporations: Analyzing Legal Thinghood.Visa A. J. Kurki - 2017 - German Law Journal 18 (5):1070-1090.
    The Article analyzes the notion of legal “thinghood” in the context of the person–thing bifurcation. In legal scholarship, there are numerous assumptions pertaining to this definition that are often not spelled out. In addition, one’s chosen definition of “thing” is often simply taken to be the correct one. The Article scrutinizes these assumptions and definitions. First, a brief history of the bifurcation is offered. Second, three possible definitions of “legal thing” are examined: Things as nonpersons, things as rights and duties, (...)
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  4. added 2018-03-13
    Aproximación jurídica al concepto de derecho de autor. Intento de calificación como libertad de producción artística y científica o como derecho de propiedad.Gemma Minero Alejandre - 2013 - Dilemata 12:215-245.
    This article discusses the nature of copyright as a fundamental right. After studying the two faces of copyright, both economic and moral, I analyze whether copyright should be seen as part of the freedom of artistic and scientific creation (article 20.1.b Spanish Constitution) or as part of the general property right (article 33). Finally, I explore the possibility of applying these conclusions to other intellectual property rights (related rights, patents, trademarks, etc.). This discussion is not trivial. The weight of copyright (...)
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  5. added 2017-11-13
    Trade Marks as Property: A Philosophical Perspective.Dominic Scott, Alex Oliver & Miguel Ley-Pineda - 2008 - In Lionel Bently, Jennifer Davis & Jane C. Ginsburg (eds.), Trade Marks and Brands: An Interdisciplinary Critique. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 285-305.
    In this chapter, we investigate the idea of trade marks as property. Three questions need to be answered. The first is a conceptual matter: are trade marks capable of being property or are they ruled out as a matter of conceptual necessity? The second is conceptual-cum-descriptive: is the current law's treatment of trade marks treatment of them as property? The third is normative: if the current law does in fact treat them as property, is it right to do so? The (...)
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  6. added 2017-10-30
    Libertarian Law and Military Defense.Robert P. Murphy - 2017 - Libertarian Papers 9:213-232.
    Joseph Newhard (2017) argues that a libertarian anarchist society would be at a serious military disadvantage if it extended the nonaggression principle to include potential foreign invaders. He goes so far as to recommend cultivating the ability to launch a nuclear attack on foreign cities. In contrast, I argue that the free society would derive its strength from a total commitment to property rights and the protection of innocent life. Both theory and history suggest that a free society would be (...)
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  7. added 2017-08-15
    An Introduction to Property Theory.Gregory S. Alexander & Eduardo M. Peñalver - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book surveys the leading modern theories of property - Lockean, libertarian, utilitarian/law-and-economics, personhood, Kantian and human flourishing - and then applies those theories to concrete contexts in which property issues have been especially controversial. These include redistribution, the right to exclude, regulatory takings, eminent domain and intellectual property. The book highlights the Aristotelian human flourishing theory of property, providing the most comprehensive and accessible introduction to that theory to date. The book's goal is neither to cover every conceivable theory (...)
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  8. added 2017-07-10
    Readings in the Philosophy of Law.John Arthur & William H. Shaw (eds.) - 2010 - Pearson Prentice Hall.
    The adversary system and the practice of law -- The rule of law -- The moral force of law -- Statutes -- Precedents -- Constitutional interpretation -- Natural law and legal positivism: classical perspectives -- Formalism and legal realism -- Morality and the law -- International law -- Law and economics -- The justification of punishment -- The rights of defendants -- Sentencing -- Criminal responsibility -- Compensating for private harms: the law of torts -- Private ownership: the law of (...)
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  9. added 2017-06-27
    Sharing is Caring Vs. Stealing is Wrong: A Moral Argument for Limiting Copyright Protection.Julian Hauser - 2017 - International Journal of Technology Policy and Law 3 (1):68-85.
    Copyright is at the centre of both popular and academic debate. That emotions are running high is hardly surprising – copyright influences who contributes what to culture, how culture is used, and even the kind of persons we are and come to be. Consequentialist, Lockean, and personality interest accounts are generally advanced in the literature to morally justify copyright law. I argue that these approaches fail to ground extensive authorial rights in intellectual creations and that only a small subset of (...)
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  10. added 2017-03-02
    Eigentumsrechte Im Finanzsystem.Lisa Herzog - 2014 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (3).
    This paper asks how property rights in the financial system can be nor- matively justified. It argues that in the current financial system, we find property rights with very different normative bases, some of which are stronger than others. In fact, there is a systematic gap between the normative priorities (which property rights deserve protection?) and the de facto priorities (which property rights are in fact protected?). I draw on the three traditional approaches for justifying property rights, along Hegelian, Lockean (...)
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  11. added 2016-10-25
    Nonhuman Animal Property: Reconciling Environmentalism and Animal Rights.John Hadley - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (3):305–315.
    In this paper I extend liberal property rights theory to nonhuman animals.I sketch an outline of a nonhuman animal property rights regime and argue that both proponents of animal rights and ecological holism ought to accept nonhuman animal property rights. To conclude I address a series of objections.
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  12. added 2016-08-29
    The Labour Theory of Property and Marginal Productivity Theory.David Ellerman - 2016 - Economic Thought 5 (1):19.
    After Marx, dissenting economics almost always used 'the labour theory' as a theory of value. This paper develops a modern treatment of the alternative labour theory of property that is essentially the property theoretic application of the juridical principle of responsibility: impute legal responsibility in accordance with who was in fact responsible. To understand descriptively how assets and liabilities are appropriated in normal production, a 'fundamental myth' needs to be cleared away, and then the market mechanism of appropriation can be (...)
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  13. added 2016-03-14
    The Philosophy of Air Law.R. I. R. Abeyratne - 1992 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 37 (1):135-144.
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  14. added 2015-08-17
    Private Law and Justice.Sandy Steel - 2013 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 33 (3):607-628.
    This article is in two parts. The first part critically examines the foundations of Weinrib’s theory of corrective justice. It casts doubt upon his claim that private law faces incoherence if it is not entirely based upon corrective justice and questions the normative appeal of that view. The second part makes a variety of critical observations in relation to Weinrib’s corrective-justice-based treatment of particular areas of private law.
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  15. added 2015-08-17
    Do Kant’s Principles Justify Property or Usufruct?Kenneth Westphal - 1997 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik/Annual Review of Law and Ethics 5:141-194.
    Kant’s justification of possession appears to beg the question (petitio principii) by assuming rather than proving the legitimacy of possession. The apparent question-begging in Kant’s argument has been recapitulated or exacerbated but not resolved in the secondary literature. A detailed terminological, textual, and logical analysis of Kant’s argument reveals that he provides a sound justification of limited rights to possess and use things (qualified choses in possession), not of private property rights. Kant’s argument is not purely a priori; it is (...)
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  16. added 2015-08-17
    Property and Contract in Economics: The Case for Economic Democracy.David Ellerman - 1992 - Blackwell.
    From a pre-publication review by the late Austrian economist, Don Lavoie, of George Mason University: -/- "The book's radical re-interpretation of property and contract is, I think, among the most powerful critiques of mainstream economics ever developed. It undermines the neoclassical way of thinking about property by articulating a theory of inalienable rights, and constructs out of this perspective a "labor theory of property" which is as different from Marx's labor theory of value as it is from neoclassicism. It traces (...)
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  17. added 2015-07-29
    A Behavioral Perspective on Technology Evolution and Domain Name Regulation.Todd Davies - 2008 - Pacific McGeorge Global Business and Development Law Journal 21 (1):1-25.
    This paper argues that private property and rights assignment, especially as applied to communication infrastructure and information, should be informed by advances in both technology and our understanding of psychology. Current law in this area in the United States and many other jurisdictions is founded on assumptions about human behavior that have been shown not to hold empirically. A joint recognition of this fact, together with an understanding of what new technologies make possible, leads one to question basic assumptions about (...)
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  18. added 2014-10-16
    On Property Theory.David Ellerman - 2014 - Journal of Economic Issues (3):601–624.
    A theory of property needs to give an account of the whole life-cycle of a property right: how it is initiated, transferred, and terminated. Economics has focused on the transfers in the market and has almost completely neglected the question of the initiation and termination of property in normal production and consumption (not in some original state or in the transition from common to private property). The institutional mechanism for the normal initiation and termination of property is an invisible-hand function (...)
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  19. added 2014-08-29
    The Metaphysics of Real Estate.Barry Smith & Leo Zaibert - 2001 - Topoi 20 (2):161-172.
    The thesis that an analysis of property rights is essential to an adequate analysis of the state is a mainstay of political philosophy. The contours of the type of government a society has are shaped by the system regulating the property rights prevailing in that society. Views of this sort are widespread. They range from Locke to Nozick and encompass pretty much everything else in between. Defenders of this sort of view accord to property rights supreme importance. A state that (...)
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  20. added 2014-08-06
    Real Estate: Foundations of the Ontology of Property.Barry Smith - 2003 - In Heiner Stuckenschmidt, Erik Stubjkaer & Christoph Schlieder (eds.), The Ontology and Modelling of Real Estate Transactions. Ashgate. pp. 51-67.
    Suppose you own a garden-variety object such as a hat or a shirt. Your property right then follows the ageold saw according to which possession is nine-tenths of the law. That is, your possession of a shirt constitutes a strong presumption in favor of your ownership of the shirt. In the case of land, however, this is not the case. Here possession is not only not a strong presumption in favor of ownership; it is not even clear what possession is. (...)
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  21. added 2014-03-26
    Corrective Justice.Ernest Joseph Weinrib - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Correlativity and personality -- The disintegration of duty -- Remedies -- Gain-based damages -- Punishment and disgorgement as contract remedies -- Unjust enrichment -- Incontrovertible benefit in Jewish law -- Poverty and property in Kant's system of rights -- Can law survive legal education?
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  22. added 2014-03-14
    A Web Ontologies Framework for Digital Rights Management.Roberto García, Rosa Gil & Jaime Delgado - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (2):137-154.
    In order to improve the management of copyright in the Internet, known as Digital Rights Management, there is the need for a shared language for copyright representation. Current approaches are based on purely syntactic solutions, i.e. a grammar that defines a rights expression language. These languages are difficult to put into practise due to the lack of explicit semantics that facilitate its implementation. Moreover, they are simple from the legal point of view because they are intended just to model the (...)
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  23. added 2013-07-18
    Google Books and Other Internet Mischief.Joseph S. Fulda - 2012 - Journal of Information Ethics 21 (2):104-109.
    This article argues for substantial ex–post criminal penalties against purveyors of stolen intellectual property, in lieu of current legislation winding its way through both chambers of the United States Congress. Inter alia, it discusses why such a drastic remedy has proven necessary and what other measures the Congress should consider adopting. It concludes with a sobering discussion of Internet mischief more generally. -/- Note: This is in marked contrast to views expressed in 1999 when civil justice would have sufficed, and (...)
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  24. added 2013-06-04
    Information Ethics: Privacy, Property, and Power, Adam D. Moore (Ed.). [REVIEW]Joseph S. Fulda - 2009 - Journal of Information Ethics 18 (1):94-103.
    Largely favorable review, with only one significant criticism. Note that the URL points to /all/ reviews in the issue.
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  25. added 2013-06-03
    Owning the Future by Seth Shulman. [REVIEW]Joseph S. Fulda - 2000 - Ethics and Information Technology 2 (3):193-194.
    Very favorable review of a wide-ranging book.
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  26. added 2013-06-01
    Własność jako konwencja.Tomasz Żuradzki - 2008 - Diametros 15:102-110.
    Recenzja książki: Liam Murphy, Thomas Nagel, The Myth of Ownership. Taxes and Justice, Oxford University Press, Oxford – New York 2002.
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  27. added 2013-03-18
    Geistiges Eigentum und Originalität: Zur Politik der Wissens- und Kulturproduktion.Odin Kroeger, Günther Friesinger, Paul Lohberger & Eberhard Ortland (eds.) - 2011 - Vienna: Turia + Kant.
    Mit der zunehmenden Bedeutung immaterieller Güter nimmt auch die Intensität der Konflikte um »Geistiges Eigentum« zu. Dabei fungiert der Mythos vom Original nach wie vor als Grundlage für Rechtsansprüche auf exklusive Verfügungsrechte. Wer ein Urheberrecht in Anspruch nehmen, eine Erfindung anmelden will, muss behaupten, die betreffenden Formen oder Verfahren seien das Ergebnis seiner originären kreativen Leistung. Aber was ist Originalität? Unter welchen Umständen wird sie wem zugerechnet? Dieser Band bietet Bestandsaufnahmen und Analysen der rechtlichen, politischen, ökonomischen und kulturellen Problemlage und (...)
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  28. added 2013-03-18
    Kalkulierte Originalität: Legitimationsmythos und ökonomische Wirklichkeit geistigen Eigentums.Odin Kroeger - 2011 - In Odin Kroeger, Günther Friesinger, Paul Lohberger & Eberhard Ortland (eds.), Geistiges Eigentum und Originalität: Zur Politik der Wissens- und Kulturproduktion. Turia + Kant.
    When it comes to works of art, intellectual property rights (IPR) are often argued to be natural rights, for each work of art, so we are told, is the expression of the particular ingenuity of an individual artist. The account of creativity to which such arguments allude, however, is that of Romanticism, so that one may question whether these arguments hold valid for contemporary artistic practices. Thus, this chapter will construct a Hegelian justification for IPR that goes along with the (...)
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  29. added 2013-03-18
    Geistige Eigentumsansprüche zwischen individueller Zurechenbarkeit und industrieller Produktion.Odin Kroeger - 2010 - Juridikum 20 (2):158–165.
    When it comes to works of art, intellectual property rights (IPR) are often argued to be natural rights, for each work of art, so we are told, is the expression of the particular ingenuity of an individual artist. The account of creativity to which such arguments allude, however, is that of Romanticism, so that one may question whether these arguments hold valid for contemporary artistic practices. Thus, this paper will construct a Hegelian justification for IPR that goes along with the (...)
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  30. added 2012-05-09
    Why Are Software Patents so Elusive? A Platonic Approach.Odin Kroeger - 2011 - Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology 5 (1):57-70.
    Software patents are commonly criticised for being fuzzy, context-sensitive, and often granted for trivial inventions. More often than not, these shortcomings are said to be caused by the abstract nature of software - with little further analysis offered. Drawing on Plato’s Parmenides, this paper will argue (1) that the reason why software patents seem to be elusive is that patent law suggests to think about algorithms as paradigmatic examples and (2) that Plato’s distinction between two modes of predication and the (...)
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  31. added 2012-03-25
    A Kantian Justification of Possession.Kenneth Westphal - 2002 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Kant’s Metaphysics of Ethics: Interpretive Essays. Oxford University Press.
    Kant’s justification of possession appears to assume rather than prove its legitimacy. This apparent question-begging has been recapitulated or exacerbated but not resolved in the literature. However, Kant provides a sound justification of limited rights to possess and use things (qualified choses in possession), not of private property rights. Kant’s argument is not purely a priori; it is in Kant’s Critical sense ‘metaphysical’ because it applies the pure a priori ‘Universal Principles of Right’ to the concept of finite rational human (...)
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  32. added 2011-07-26
    Property, Corrective Justice, and the Nature of the Cause of Action in Unjust Enrichment.Andrew Botterell - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 20 (2):275-296.
    In this paper I reconsider the relation between property and unjust enrichment and respond to a recent argument that actions in unjust enrichment cannot be actions in corrective justice. I suggest that any analysis that regards actions in unjust enrichment as embodying principles of corrective justice requires supplementation by considerations that are, at bottom, proprietary in nature. I argue that there is no incompatibility in viewing actions in unjust enrichment as actions whose grounds are broadly proprietary in nature; that understanding (...)
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  33. added 2011-07-26
    Book Review:Roman Private Law. R. W. Leage. [REVIEW]W. H. Beveridge - 1908 - Ethics 18 (4):525-.
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  34. added 2011-03-23
    Toward a Democratic Theory of Property and the Modern Corporation.Joyotpaul Chaudhuri - 1971 - Ethics 81 (4):271-286.
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  35. added 2011-03-12
    Intellectual Property.Adam Moore - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  36. added 2011-02-24
    Justice and Property: On the Institutional Thesis Concerning Property.Christopher Bertram - manuscript
    The institutional theory of property is that view that property rights are entirely and essentially conventional and are the creatures of states and coercively backed legal systems. In this paper, I argue that, although states and legal systems have a valuable role in defining property rights, the institutional story is not the whole story. Rather, the property rights hat we have reason to recognize as part of justice are partly conventional in character and partly rooted in universal human interests and (...)
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  37. added 2010-10-23
    The Idea of Private Law.Ernest Joseph Weinrib - 1995 - Harvard University Press.
    The book combines philosophical exposition and legal analysis, and pays special attention to issues of tort law.
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  38. added 2010-10-23
    Private Law Theory.Jules L. Coleman (ed.) - 1994 - Garland.
    The Tragedy of the Commons The population prohlem has no technical solution; it requires a fundamental extension in morality. ...
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