About this topic
Summary It seems that it's possible for Mary to utter the sentence ‘Whales are fish’ and thereby say that whales are fish. John might believe what Mary said, or not. If John and Mary both believe it then there is something that they both believe. That thing is false, however. That Mary can use that sentence to say that might be partly explained by the fact that ‘Whales are fish’ means that whales are fish. (The fact that Mary can use that sentence to convey that John doesn’t know much about Whales by adopting a certain tone of voice might also be partly explained by that meaning fact.) The preceding claims are not self-evident, but they are attractive. Taken at face value they suggest that there is a class of objects which can be believed, said, take truth values and serve as meanings. The standard name for such things is ‘propositions’. There are several debates at the intersection of philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and metaphysics about the nature of these entities and the roles they should play in our philosophical theories.
Key works There have been several important books on the nature of propositions in recent years: Schiffer 2003; King 2007Soames 2010; Moltmann 2013King et al 2014; Hanks 2015; Merricks 2015. These focus on structured propositions. A classic account of propositions as sets of worlds is Stalnaker 1984.
Introductions Hanks 2009Stevens 2008
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:
611 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 611
Material to categorize
  1. R. A.-M. (1974). Esquisse d'Une Théorie Nominaliste de la Proposition. Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):793-794.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Greg Ackerman (2016). Securing Singular Thought About Merely Hypothetical Entities. Philosophical Studies 173 (8):2193-2213.
    Although we are still in the dark when it comes to giving necessary and jointly sufficient criteria for what it takes to be thinking a singular thought, the paradigm cases are just ones where an agent is thinking about some particular object. When we erroneously think that Vulcan is a planet, our thought appears to be singular since it is, after all, about Vulcan. A promising way to explain this is to claim that there is something, a merely hypothetical entity, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Tuomo Aho (1994). On the Philosophy of Attitude Logic. Akateeminen Kirjakauppa.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz (1967). Proposition as the Connotation of Sentence. Studia Logica 20 (1):87 - 98.
  5. A. R. Anderson (1970). The Logic of Hohfeldian Propositions. Logique Et Analyse 13 (49):231.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  6. John Anderson (1926). Discussions: The Truth of Propositions. Mind 35 (140):237-241.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. John Anderson (1926). Iv.—Discussions: The Truth of Propositions. Mind 35 (140):466-472.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. John Anderson (1926). The Truth of Propositions. Mind 35 (140):466-472.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. László Antal (1964). Content, Meaning, and Understanding. The Hague: Mouton.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Sebastian Bab & Klaus Robering (eds.) (2010). Judgements and Propositions: Logical, Linguistic, and Cognitive Issues. Logos.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Kent Bach (2002). Review of Krista Lawlor, New Thoughts About Old Things: Cognitive Policies As the Ground of Singular Concepts. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (2).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (1955). Information and Content: A Semantic Analysis. Synthese 9 (1):299 - 305.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. E. C. Benecke (1898). On the Logical Subject of the Proposition. Mind 7 (25):34-54.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Andrea Bonomi, Imperfect Propositions.
    The aim of this paper1 is to provide a unified semantic analysis for three important readings of the Italian Imperfetto (and Presente): the PROGressive, the HABitual, and the FUTurate reading. To highlight the role of the utterance context in setting the relevant parameters of interpretation, explicit temporal adverbials are left out of the scene and prominence is given to the situations where the context provides the temporal information required to discriminate between alternative readings, by exploiting a single logical form. The (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Justus Buchler (1979). Toward a General Theory of Human Judgment. Dover Publications.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  16. Ben Caplan, Chris Tillman, Brian McLean & Adam Murray (2014). Not the Optimistic Type. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5-6):575-589.
    (2013). Not the optimistic type. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 575-589.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Gaetano Chiurazzi (2005). Teorie Del Giudizio. Aracne.
  18. Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2001). Die Intentionalitätstheorie Anton Martys. Grazer Philosophische Studien 62 (1):175-214.
    The point of departure for Anton Marty's theory of intentionality is Franz Brentano's ontology of intentionality as outlined in the unpublished manuscript of his logic-lectures from the second half of the 1880's. This rich ontology comprises immanent objects, immanent propositional contents and states of affairs. The late Marty rejects all immanent entities in Brentano's sense and explains intentionality in terms of counterfactualconditionals.However,contraryto the late Brentano,he insists on the indispensability of the category of states of affairs . Consequently Marty can formulate (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. John A. Clark (1947). The Meaning of Ethical Propositions. Philosophical Review 56 (6):631-644.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. John Collins (2015). New Thinking About Propositions. Philosophical Quarterly 65 (261):842-845.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Larry Wear Colter, Propositions.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. D. R. Cousin (1949). X.—Propositions. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 49 (1):151-170.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Tim Crane, Singular Thought.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Lars Dänzer & Miguel Hoeltje (forthcoming). Propositionen. In Markus Schrenk (ed.), Handbuch Metaphysik. Metzler.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Bertrand de Jouvenel (1967). The Art of Conjecture. New York: Basic Books.
    Reprint of: Art of conjecture / Translated from the French by Nikita Lary. -- New York, Basic Books [1967].
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  26. Alain de Libera (2002). La R'ef'erence Vide Th'eories de la Proposition.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27. der Schaar & Maria Sandra (1991). G.F. Stout's Theory of Judgment and Proposition: Proefschrift Ter Verkrijging Van De Graad Van Doktor. M.S. Van Der Schaar.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Matt Duncan (2017). Propositions Are Not Simple. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (3).
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Martin A. Greenman (1953). A Whiteheadian Analysis of Propositions and Facts. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13 (4):477-486.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Gilbert Harman (1977). How to Use Propositions. American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (April):173-176.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  31. Jonathan Harrison (2004). The Logical Function of ‘That’, or Truth, Propositions and Sentences. Philosophy 79 (1):67-96.
    (i) It is propositions, not sentences, that are true or false. It is true ‘Dogs bark’ does not make sense. It is true that dogs bark does. (ii) and (iii) Davidson wrong about ‘that’. (iv) The difference between ‘implies’ and ‘if ... then ...’. (v), (vi), (vii) and (viii) Russell, not Quine, right about the subject matter of logic. (ix) The objectual and substitutional interpretations of quantifiers compatible. (x), (xi), (xii), (xiii), (xiv), (xv) and (xvi) Implications for well-known theories of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Richard Holton & Huw Price (2003). Ramsey on Saying and Whistling: A Discordant Note. Noûs 37 (2):325–341.
    In 'General Propositions and Causality' Ramsey rejects his earlier view that universal generalizations are infinite conjunctions, arguing that they are not genuine propositions at all. We argue that his new position is unstable. The issues about infinity that lead Ramsey to the new view are essentially those underlying Wittgenstein's rule-following considerations. If they show that generalizations are not genuine propositions, they show that there are no genuine propositions. The connection raises interesting historical questions about the direction of influence between Ramsey (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33. Delton Thomas Howard (1946). Analytical Syllogistics. New York: American Mathematical Society.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. John Kadvany (2007). Positional Value and Linguistic Recursion. Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (5-6):487-520.
  35. Lorraine Juliano Keller (forthcoming). Against Naturalized Cognitive Propositions. Erkenntnis:1-18.
    In this paper, I argue that Scott Soames’ theory of naturalized cognitive propositions faces a serious objection: there are true propositions for which NCP cannot account. More carefully, NCP cannot account for certain truths of mathematics unless it is possible for there to be an infinite intellect. For those who reject the possibility of an infinite intellect, this constitutes a reductio of NCP.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. Daya Krishna (ed.) (1991). Saṃvāda, a Dialogue Between Two Philosophical Traditions. Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. Frauke Annegret Kurbacher (2005). Selbstverhältnis Und Weltbezug: Urteilskraft in Existenz-Hermeneutischer Perspektive. G. Olms.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. C. H. Langford (1929). General Propositions. Mind 38 (152):436-457.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. Donald S. Lee (1981). Belief, Reference, and Proposition. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 30:59-81.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Sandra Lehmann & Sophie Loidolt (eds.) (2011). Urteil Und Fehlurteil. Turia + Kant.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Alfonso Maierù & Luisa Valente (eds.) (2004). Medieval Theories on Assertive and Non-Assertive Language: Acts of the 14th European Symposium on Medieval Logic and Semantics, Rome, June 11-15, 2002. [REVIEW] L.S. Olschki.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Trenton Merricks (2016). Précis of Propositions. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (2):460-461.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Peter Millican, Statements and Modality Strawson, Quine and Wolfram.
    Over a period of more than twenty years, Sybil Wolfram gave lectures at Oxford University on Philosophical Logic, a major component of most of the undergraduate degree programmes. She herself had been introduced to the subject by Peter Strawson, and saw herself as working very much within the Strawsonian tradition. Central to this tradition, which began with Strawson's seminal attack on Russell's theory of descriptions in ‘On Referring' (1950), is the distinction between a sentence and what is said by a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Madhabendranath Mitra (1988). Language, Truth, and Predication. New Statesman Pub. Co..
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Friederike Moltmann (forthcoming). Partial Content and Expressions of Part and Whole. Discussion of Stephen Yablo: Aboutness. Philosophical Studies:1-12.
    In 'Aboutness' (MIT Press 2014), Yablo argues for the importance of the notions of partial content and partial truth. This paper argues that they are involved in a much greater range of entities than acknowledged by Yablo. The paper also argues that some of those entities involve a notion of partial satisfaction as well as partial existence (validity).
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Michael Murez, Joulia Smortchkova & Brent Strickland, The Mental Files Theory of Singular Thought: A Psychological Perspective.
    We argue that the most ambitious version of the mental files theory of singular thought, according to which mental files are a wide-ranging psychological natural kind underlying all and only singular thinking, is unsupported by the available psychological data. Nevertheless, critical examination of the theory from a psychological perspective opens up promising avenues for research, especially concerning the relationship between our perceptual capacity to individuate and track basic individuals, and our higher level capacities for singular thought.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Stephen Neale (1999). Coloring and Composition. In Kumiko Murasugi & Robert Stainton (eds.), Philosophy and Linguistics. Westview Press. pp. 35--82.
    The idea that an utterance of a basic (nondeviant) declarative sentence expresses a single true-or-false proposition has dominated philosophical discussions of meaning in this century. Refinements aside, this idea is less of a substantive theses than it is a background assumption against which particular theories of meaning are evaluated. But there are phenomena (noted by Frege, Strawson, and Grice) that threaten at least the completeness of classical theories of meaning, which associate with an utterance of a simple sentence a truth-condition, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  48. Matteo Negro (2007). Concepts, Normes Et Jugements. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:9-12.
    Conceptual activity is a normative activity, consisting in using or exercising rules which are functional in the formation of language, particularly judgments and propositions. Concepts, the essential elements of propositional content, are not to be considered as simple properties or predicates, but instead as constituting the rules of correct judgment. Two aspects of these claims are to be underlined. First, the dimension of normativity: the concept itself is a rule, a mode of functioning of understanding. Second, the notion of understanding (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Naomi Osorio-Kupferblum (2016). Aboutness, Critical Notice. [REVIEW] Analysis 76 (4):528-546.
    This Critical Notice is about aboutness in logic and language. In a first part, I discuss the origin of the issue and the philosophical background to Yablo's book Aboutness (PUP 2014), which is itself the subject of the second and main part of my paper.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Pardo Fariña Felipe (2013). La temática de los universales y su presencia en la cristología de algunos autores. Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 29:141-166.
    El autor comienza por delimitar el significado de los conceptos universal y singular, y continúa con una reseña histórica acerca de su utilización en el pensamiento de algunos filósofos, para finalmente establecer la comprensión de la relación entre el universal y lo singular referida a Jesucristo en la trama de algunas Cristologías. The author begins by defining the concepts of singular and universal, continuing with a historical review regarding their use in the thought of some philosophers, in order to finally (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 611