About this topic
Summary It seems that it's possible for Mary to utter the sentence ‘Whales are fish’ and thereby say that whales are fish. John might believe what Mary said, or not. If John and Mary both believe it then there is something that they both believe. That thing is false, however. That Mary can use that sentence to say that might be partly explained by the fact that ‘Whales are fish’ means that whales are fish. (The fact that Mary can use that sentence to convey that John doesn’t know much about Whales by adopting a certain tone of voice might also be partly explained by that meaning fact.) The preceding claims are not self-evident, but they are attractive. Taken at face value they suggest that there is a class of objects which can be believed, said, take truth values and serve as meanings. The standard name for such things is ‘propositions’. There are several debates at the intersection of philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and metaphysics about the nature of these entities and the roles they should play in our philosophical theories.
Key works There have been several important books on the nature of propositions in recent years: Stalnaker 1984; Schiffer 2003; King 2007Soames 2010; Moltmann 2013King et al 2014; Hanks 2015; Merricks 2015; Soames 2015. There is also a handbook containing survey articles: Tillman & Murray 2022.
Introductions Hanks 2009Stevens 2008; King 2017
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  1. Kant, Propositions, and Non-Fundamental Metaphysics.Damian Melamedoff-Vosters - 2022 - In Chris Tillman & Adam Murray (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Propositions. Routledge. pp. 144-158.
    In this chapter, my aim is to present an account of Immanuel Kant’s transcendental idealism that centers his view of propositions as mental acts. As I intend to show, Kant’s strategy in the Critique of Pure Reason is only intelligible under the assumption that the fundamental bearers of truth are mental entities.
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  2. Von der Bildung der Begriffsinhalte.Karl Dürr - 1916 - Zürich,: Rascher.
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  3. About Haecceity: An Essay in Ontology.Matthew Davidson - 2024 - London: Routledge.
    This book offers an in-depth and updated examination of the nature of haecceity—that primitive entity which explains why something is distinct from other things. -/- The book begins by exploring different conceptions of haecceity throughout history. The discussion of various figures across history is important for getting clear on the nature of haecceity and its role in individuation. The next part of the book examines different views about the nature of haecceity. The author defends a view on which haecceities have (...)
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  4. Truth, Topicality, and Transparency: One-Component Versus Two-Component Semantics.Peter Hawke, Levin Hornischer & Franz Berto - forthcoming - Linguistics and Philosophy.
    When do two sentences say the same thing, that is, express the same content? We defend two-component (2C) semantics: the view that propositional contents comprise (at least) two irreducibly distinct constituents, (1) truth-conditions, and (2) subject-matter. We contrast 2C with one-component (1C) semantics, focusing on the view that subject-matter is reducible to truth- conditions. We identify exponents of this view and argue in favor of 2C. An appendix proposes a general formal template for propositional 2C semantics.
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  5. Identiska och syntetiska satser.Paul Cavallin - 1894 - Lund,: Distribuent: Gleerupska universitets-bokhandeln.
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  6. An experimental study of the mental processes involved in judgment...Borislav P. Stevanović - 1927 - Cambridge [Eng.]: The University press.
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  7. Untersuchungen zur Theorie des unendlichen Urteils.Jakob Gordin - 1929 - Berlin,: Akademie Verlag.
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  8. Urteil und beurteilung.Walter Blumenfeld - 1931 - Leipzig,: Akademische verlagsgesellschaft m. b. h..
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  9. Über die funktion der copula.Albert Grote - 1935 - Leipzig,: F. Meiner.
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  10. Der Urteilssinn.Jürgen Rausch - 1943 - Berlin,: Junker und Dünnhaupt.
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  11. Du jugement comme acte signifiant.Dan Bădărău - 1944 - Lausanne,: F. Roth & cie.
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  12. Suzhdenie i ego vidy.P. V. Tavanet︠s︡ - 1953 - Moskva: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR.
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  13. L'éducation du jugement.Marcel Boll - 1954 - Paris,: Presses universitaires de France.
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  14. Voprosy teorii suzhdenii︠a︡.P. V. Tavanet︠s︡ - 1955 - Moskva: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR.
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  15. Voprosy klassifikat︠s︡ii suzhdeniĭ.Aleksandr Vasilʹevich Drozdov - 1956 - [Leningrad]:
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  16. Suzhdenie.P. S. Popov - 1957 - [Moskva]: Izd-vo Moskovskogo universiteta.
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  17. Elementy sądu a istnienie.Leon Gumański - 1961 - Toruń,:
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  18. Sinn und Möglichkeiten wissenschaftlicher Prognosse.Erhard Denninger - 1965 - [Mainz,: Universität]. Edited by Roellecke, Gerd, [From Old Catalog] & Otto Saame.
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  19. Poni︠a︡tie.E. K. Voĭshvillo - 1967 - [Moskva,]: Izd-vo Moskovskogo universiteta.
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  20. Voprosy teorii suzhdenii︠a︡.David Mikhaĭlovich Keburii︠a︡ - 1968 - Tbilisi,: "Met︠s︡niereba,".
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  21. Conoscenza e giudizio.Edo Mario Gianni - 1969 - Montefiore Conca,: Editrice A. B. C. di G. Cipriani.
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  22. Az ítélet dialektikus logikai elmélete.László Erdei - 1971 - Budapest,: Akadémiai Kiadó.
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  23. Grundzüge der Aussagenlogik.Lothar Czayka - 1971 - Berlin,: Verl. Dokumentation.
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  24. Ot formalʹnoĭ logiki k dialektike: voprosy teorii suzhdenii︠a︡.Georgiĭ Vladimirovich Antonov - 1971 - Moskva: Vysshai︠a︡ shkola.
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  25. L'art de la conjecture.Bertrand de Jouvenel - 1972 - Paris: Hachette.
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  26. Orit︠s︡atelʹnye vyskazyvanii︠a︡.Iosif Nusimovich Brodskiĭ - 1973
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  27. Hyŏnsanghakchŏk pʻandan non yŏnʼgu.Kir-U. Yi - 1974
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  28. Ejercicios de lógica: lógica proposicional.Colacilli de Muro & C. J. - 1974 - Buenos Aires: Paidós. Edited by Afra Alegría Hermosa & Ana Rita Jachimovicz.
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  29. Predvidenie kak chelovecheskaia sposobnost'.Alla Gennad'evna Nikitina - 1975 - Moskva: Mysl.
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  30. Toward a General Theory of Human Judgment.Justus Buchler - 1951 - New York,: Columbia University Press.
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  31. Nature and Judgment.Justus Buchler - 1955 - New York,: Columbia University Press.
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  32. Logik der Prognose: semant. Grundlegung technolog. u. sozialwissenschaftl. Vorhersagen.Hans Georg Knapp - 1978 - München: Alber.
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  33. Glauben, Wissen und Wahrscheinlichkeit: Systeme der epistemischen Logik.Wolfgang Lenzen - 1980 - New York: Springer.
    Eine Einfiihrung in die epistemische Logik wurde schon vor unge fahr zwei Jahrzehnten durch Jaakko Hintikka geschrieben, und auf sein "Knowledge and Belief" nimmt das vorliegende Buch nicht nur durch den Titel "Glauben, Wissen und Wahrscheinlichkeit" Bezug. Es diirfte deshalb wohl angebracht sein, wenn der Autor eines Buches, das so deutlich die Nachfolgeschaft eines anderen beansprucht, sich dafiir rechtfertigt und erklart, worin sich sein Werk von dem des Vorgangers unterscheidet. Ein wichtiger Punkt, in dem die zweite iiber die erste Einleitung (...)
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  34. Das Urteil: die dialektisch-logische Theorie des Urteils.László Erdei - 1981 - Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.
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  35. Das Urteil und die Sinne: transzendentalphilosophische und ästhesiologische Untersuchungen im Anschluss an Richard Hönigswald und Helmuth Plessner.Manuel Schneider - 1989 - Köln: Janus.
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  36. From we-mode to role-mode.Michael Schmitz - 2023 - In Miguel Garcia-Godinez & Rachael Mellin (eds.), Tuomela on Sociality. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 177-200.
    Raimo Tuomela’s most important contribution to the philosophy of collective intentionality was his development of the notion of the we-mode. In my chapter I extend the notion of we-mode to that of role-mode, the mode in which individual and collective subjects feel, think and act as occupants of roles within groups and institutional structures. I focus on how being in role-mode is manifest in the minds of subjects and on the following points. First, I argue that both we-mode and role-mode (...)
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  37. Bard datoghutʻyunneri mijev tramabanakan haraberutʻyunnerě ev drantsʻ dzevakan nerkayatsʻumě.Hrant Kʻochʻaryan - 2011 - Erevan: HH GAA "Gitutʻyun" hratarakchʻutʻyun.
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  38. Coincident Objects and The Grounding Problem.Ataollah Hashemi - 2022 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 16 (41):164-173.
    Pluralists believe in the occurrence of numerically distinct spatiotemporal coincident objects. They argue that there are coincident objects that share all physical and spatiotemporal properties and relations; nevertheless, they differ in terms of modal and some other profiles. Appealing to the grounding problem according to which nothing can ground the modal differences between coincident objects, monists reject the occurrence of coincident objects. In the first part of this paper, I attempt to show that the dispute between monists and pluralists cannot (...)
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  39. Clarifying and improving the cognitive theory.Scott Soames - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  40. Part 4. Further thoughts. Responses to Speaks and Soames.Jeffrey C. King - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  41. Propositions vs. properties and facts.Scott Soames - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  42. Part 3. Critical essays. Criticisms of Soames and Speaks.Jeffrey C. King - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  43. Cognitive propositions.Scott Soames - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  44. Propositions are properties of everything or nothing.Jeff Speaks - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
    I defend the view that propositions are a kind of property which is true iff it is instantiated. I discuss how we should think about propositional attitudes on this sort of view, and explain why I favor this sort of view over the more familiar Chisholm/Lewis view that attitudes are self-ascriptions of properties. I conclude by raising, and briefly discussing, two problems for the kind of view of propositions I favor.
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  45. Part 2. Three theories of propositions. Naturalized propositions.Jeffrey C. King - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  46. Why the traditional conceptions of propositions can't be correct?Scott Soames - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  47. What's wrong with semantic theories which make no use of propositions?Jeff Speaks - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
    I discuss and defend two arguments against semantic theories which wish to avoid commitment to propositions. The first holds that on the most plausible semantics of a class of natural language sentences, the truth of sentences in that class requires the existence of propositions; and some sentences in that class are true. The second holds that, on the best understanding of the form of a semantic theory, the truth of a semantic theory itself entails the existence of propositions. Much of (...)
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  48. Part 1. Common ground. What role do propositions play in our theories?Jeffrey C. King - 2014 - In Jeffrey C. King, Scott Soames & Jeff Speaks (eds.), New Thinking About Propositions. Oxford University Press.
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  49. The cunning of uncertainty.Helga Nowotny - 2016 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    Uncertainty is interwoven into human existence. It is a powerful incentive in the search for knowledge and an inherent component of scientific research. We have developed many ways of coping with uncertainty. We make promises, manage risks and make predictions to try to clear the mists and predict ahead. But the future is inherently uncertain - and the mist that shrouds our path an inherent part of our journey. The burning question is whether our societies can face up to uncertainty, (...)
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  50. How is logical inference possible?Christopher Peacocke - 2019 - In Brian Andrew Ball & Christoph Schuringa (eds.), The Act and Object of Judgment: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives. New York: Routledge.
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