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  1. added 2019-02-07
    Astrology Pseudoscience and a Discussion About Its Threats to Society.Tevfik Uyar - 2016 - Journal of Higher Education and Science 6:1.
    Astrology, a pseudoscience, is highly popular in Turkey. Astrologers, who are its practitioners, produce discourses in the scientific field at the media and at their own platforms. Furthermore, it is possible to find some instances of astrology related activities in Turkish universities. In this article, demarcation of science from pseudoscience and the pseudoscientific status of astrology were discussed in a first place. Next, threats of astrological discourse within economic, educational and medical fields and their threats to society were expressed with (...)
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  2. added 2018-12-25
    A Secondary Tool for Demarcation Problem: Logical Fallacies.Tevfik Uyar - 2017 - Kilikya Felsefe Dergisi / Cilicia Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):85-104.
    According to Thagard, the behavior of practitioners of a field may also be used for demarcation between science and pseudoscience due to its social dimension in addition to the epistemic one. I defended the tendency of pseudoscientists to commit fallacies, and the number of fallacies they commit can be a secondary tool for demarcation problem and this tool is consistent with Thagardian approach. In this paper, I selected the astrology as the case and I revealed nine types of logical fallacies (...)
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  3. added 2018-09-18
    Suggestions for Thinking and Talking About Science and Religion From the Soviet Resonance Controversy, a Chemical Counterpoint to Lysenkoism.Stephen Contakes & Garrett Johnson - 2013 - Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 4 (65):1-14.
    The Soviet resonance controversy was a chemical counterpart to Lysenkoism in which Soviet ideologues charged that Linus Pauling’s resonance concept was hostile to Marxism. We study it here to illustrate the role of social factors in science-faith dialogue. Because Soviet chemists were attentive to ideological dimensions of the controversy, they were not only willing to engage in public dialogue but also offered a response that decoupled the scientific aspects of resonance from ideological hostility, largely by modifying how they talked about (...)
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  4. added 2018-08-27
    A Skeptical Perspective: Conceptions and Practices of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal.Greg P. Summers - 2000 - Dissertation, The Union Institute
    During the mid 1970s, a host of philosophers, scientists, authors, and "rationalists" formally responded to what they felt was a growing social problem: the rise in paranormal and occult beliefs. Under the leadership of professor Paul Kurtz of the State University of New York at Buffalo, they formed the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal . This group encouraged a "scientific approach" to investigate paranormal and fringe claims, which included "pseudosciences" and belief systems such as astrology, (...)
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  5. added 2018-05-08
    Pseudoscience.Bradley Monton - 2013 - In Martin Curd & Stathis Psillos (eds.), Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science, Second Edition. Routledge. pp. 468-479.
    I insightfully discuss the question: what is pseudoscience?
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  6. added 2018-02-17
    Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem.Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry (eds.) - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? In this volume, the contributors seek to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as “the demarcation problem.” This issue has a long history in philosophy, stretching as far back as the early twentieth century and the work of Karl Popper. But by the late 1980s, scholars in the field began to treat the demarcation problem as impossible to solve and futile to ponder. However, the essays that (...)
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  7. added 2017-12-10
    Feyerabend, Pluralism, and Parapsychology.Ian James Kidd - 2018 - Bulletin of the Parapsychological Association 5 (1):5-9.
    Feyerabend is well-known as a pluralist, and notorious for his defences of, and sympathetic references to, heterodox subjects, such as parapsychology. Focusing on the latter, I ask how we should understand the relationship between the pluralism and the defences, drawing on Marcello Truzzi's and Martin Gardner's remarks on Feyerabend along the way.
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  8. added 2017-03-08
    Calling Science Pseudoscience: Fleck's Archaeologies of Fact and Latour's ‘Biography of an Investigation’ in AIDS Denialism and Homeopathy.Babette Babich - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (1):1-39.
    Fleck's Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact foregrounds claims traditionally excluded from reception, often regarded as opposed to fact, scientific claims that are increasingly seldom discussed in connection with philosophy of science save as examples of pseudoscience. I am especially concerned with scientists who question the epidemiological link between HIV and AIDS and who are thereby discounted—no matter their credentials, no matter the cogency of their arguments, no matter the sobriety of their statistics—but also with other classic examples of (...)
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  9. added 2017-03-02
    Benign Magical Thinking.Richard B. Blacher - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (2):190-196.
  10. added 2017-02-11
    La Science Pervertie.Christian Magnan - 2005 - L'harmattan.
    Ainsi pervertie, la science finit par dériver vers un spiritualisme malsain propre à créer la confusion entre physique des astres et métaphysique.
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  11. added 2016-11-01
    On an Allegedly Essential Feature of Criteria for the Demarcation of Science.Sebastian Lutz - 2011 - The Reasoner 5 (8):125–126.
    Laudan’s argument against the possibility of a demarcation criterion for scientific theories rests on establishing that any criterion must be a necessary and sufficient condition. But Laudan’s argument at most establishes that any criterion must provide a necessary condition and a possibly different sufficient condition. His own claims suggest that such a criterion is possible.
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  12. added 2016-09-02
    Against Method, Against Science? On Logic, Order and Analogy in the Sciences.Raymond Aaron Younis - 2018 - In Jeremy Horne (ed.), Philosophical Perceptions on Logic and Order. London, UK: pp. 270-282.
  13. added 2016-05-31
    Exposing Medical Pseudo-Science May Be Unethical.Ehud Lamm - manuscript
    An argument is presented according to which exposing pseudo-scientific medical claims may be ethically wrong. It is then suggested that this argument gives an interesting explanation why the successful outing of pseudo-science may lead to an increase in medical pseudo-science overall.
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  14. added 2016-05-19
    Why Did Feyerabend Defend Astrology? Integrity, Virtue, and the Authority of Science.Ian James Kidd - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (4):464-482.
    This paper explores the relationship between epistemic integrity, virtue, and authority by offering a virtue epistemological reading of the defences of non-scientific beliefs, practices, and traditions in the writings of Paul Feyerabend. I argue that there was a robust epistemic rationale for those defences and that it can inform contemporary reflection on the epistemic authority of the sciences. Two common explanations of the purpose of those defences are rejected as lacking textual support. A third “pluralist” reading is judged more persuasive, (...)
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  15. added 2016-03-09
    Loki's Wager and Laudan's Error: On Genuine and Territorial Demarcation.Maarten Boudry - 2013 - In Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry (eds.), Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem. University of Chicago Press. pp. 79--98.
  16. added 2016-03-09
    Exploring the Hinterland of Science: Massimo Pigliucci: Nonsense on Stilts: How to Tell Science From Bunk. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2010, 332pp, $20.00 PB. [REVIEW]Maarten Boudry - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):173-176.
    Book review of " Massimo Pigliucci: Nonsense on stilts: How to tell science from bunk. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2010".
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  17. added 2015-10-27
    Parapsychology: Science of the Anomalous or Search for Nonmaterial Aspects of Human Existence.James E. Alcock - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):390-391.
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  18. added 2015-09-19
    To Be Scientific Is To Be Interactive.Seungbae Park - 2016 - European Journal of Science and Theology 12 (1):77-86.
    Hempel, Popper, and Kuhn argue that to be scientific is to be testable, to be falsifiable, and most nearly to do normal science, respectively. I argue that to be scientific is largely to be interactive, offering some examples from science to show that the ideas from different fields of science interact with one another. The results of the interactions are that hypotheses become more plausible, new phenomena are explained and predicted, we understand phenomena from a new perspective, and our worldview (...)
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  19. added 2015-08-27
    Eine fulminante Lehnstuhlkritik der Neurowissenschaften.Geert Keil - 2005 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 53 (6):951-955.
    Review of Max Bennett's and Peter Hacker's book PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS OF NEUROSCIENCE, Oxford University Press 2003.
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  20. added 2015-06-15
    In the Name of Science.Martin Gardner - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (1):126-127.
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  21. added 2015-05-14
    A Regimented and Concise Exposition of Karl Popper’s Critical Rationalist Epistemology.Danny Frederick - manuscript
  22. added 2015-01-08
    Why Astrology is a Pseudoscience.Paul R. Thagard - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:223 - 234.
    Using astrology as a case study, this paper attempts to establish a criterion for demarcating science from pseudoscience. Numerous reasons for considering astrology to be a pseudoscience are evaluated and rejected; verifiability and falsifiability are briefly discussed. A theory is said to be pseudoscientific if and only if (1) it has been less progressive than alternative theories over a long period of time, and faces many unsolved problems, but (2) the community of practitioners makes little attempt to develop the theory (...)
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  23. added 2014-12-23
    The Political Uses of Astrology: Predicting the Illness and Death of Princes, Kings and Popes in the Italian Renaissance.Monica Azzolini - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (2):135-145.
    This paper examines the production and circulation of astrological prognostications regarding the illness and death of kings, princes, and popes in the Italian Renaissance . The distribution and consumption of this type of astrological information was often closely linked to the specific political situation in which they were produced. Depending on the astrological techniques used , and the media in which they appeared these prognostications fulfilled different functions in the information economy of Renaissance Italy. Some were used to legitimise the (...)
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  24. added 2014-11-20
    Refutability Revamped: How Quantum Mechanics Saves the Phenomena.Frederik A. Muller - 2003 - Erkenntnis 58 (2):189 - 211.
    On the basis of the Suppes–Sneed structuralview of scientific theories, we take a freshlook at the concept of refutability,which was famously proposed by K.R. Popper in 1934 as a criterion for the demarcation of scientific theories from non-scientific ones, e.g., pseudo-scientificand metaphysical theories. By way of an introduction we argue that a clash between Popper and his critics on whether scientific theories are, in fact, refutablecan be partly explained by the fact Popper and his criticsascribed different meanings to the term (...)
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  25. added 2014-10-24
    The Hypothesis That Saves the Day: Ad Hoc Reasoning in Pseudoscience.Maarten Boudry - 2013 - Logique Et Analyse 223:245-258.
    What is wrong with ad hoc hypotheses? Ever since Popper’s falsificationist account of adhocness, there has been a lively philosophical discussion about what constitutes adhocness in scientific explanation, and what, if anything, distinguishes legitimate auxiliary hypotheses from illicit ad hoc ones. This paper draws upon distinct examples from pseudoscience to provide us with a clearer view as to what is troubling about ad hoc hypotheses. In contrast with other philosophical proposals, our approach retains the colloquial, derogative meaning of adhocness, and (...)
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  26. added 2014-08-25
    Astrology, Fate and Causation.Terence Rajivan Edward - 2016 - Philosophical Pathways (200).
    Some philosophers assert that astrology is a false theory. The simplest way to argue against all astrology is to identify a proposition that any kind of astrology must be committed to and then show that this proposition is false. In this paper I draw attention to some misconceptions about which propositions are essential to astrology.
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  27. added 2014-04-02
    Pseudoscience as Structurally Flawed Practice: A Reply to A.A. Derksen. [REVIEW]Andrew Lugg - 1995 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 26 (2):323 - 326.
    I respond to two criticisms levelled by A. A. Derksen in a recent issue of this journal against characterizing pseudoscience as structurally flawed practice: I argue that he surreptitiously invokes this conception, his official view that we should concentrate on pseudoscientists' pretensions rather than their practices notwithstanding; and I critically examine his contention that judgements of scientificity (and pseudoscientificity) cannot properly be made independently of a consideration of whether the relevant theories and practices are empirically well-confirmed.
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  28. added 2014-03-23
    Pluralism, Logical Empiricism, and the Problem of Pseudoscience.George A. Reisch - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):333-348.
    I criticize conceptual pluralism, as endorsed recently by John Dupre and Philip Kitcher, for failing to supply strategies for demarcating science from non-science. Using creation-science as a test case, I argue that pluralism blocks arguments that keep creation-science in check and that metaphysical pluralism offers it positive, metaphysical support. Logical empiricism, however, still provides useful resources to reconfigure and manage the problem of creation-science in those practical and political contexts where pluralism will fail.
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  29. added 2014-03-10
    Rape, Evolution, and Pseudoscience: Natural Selection in the Academy.E. M. Dadlez, William L. Andrews, Courtney Lewis & Marissa Stroud - 2009 - Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (1):75-96.
  30. added 2011-07-20
    Forgery: Prediction's Vile Twin.Joachim L. Dagg - 2003 - Science 302:783-784.
  31. added 2011-05-31
    ESP and Cold Fusion Parallels in Pseudoscience.Victor J. Stenger - unknown
    By the late nineteenth century, science was well established in the public mind as the primary method by which useful knowledge of the material universe is obtained. Surely, it was thought, if science can discover cathode rays and radio waves, then it should easily authenticate a phenomenon that is far more widely experienced: the supernatural power of the human mind. Non-physical, “psychic” energy appeared to be everywhere, as an integral part of human experience. Indeed, psychic forces are seemingly built into (...)
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  32. added 2011-05-31
    The Epistemic Predicament of a Pseudoscience: Social Constructivism Confronts Freudian Psychoanalysis.Maarten Boudry & Filip Buekens - 2011 - Theoria 77 (2):159-179.
    Social constructivist approaches to science have often been dismissed as inaccurate accounts of scientific knowledge. In this article, we take the claims of robust social constructivism (SC) seriously and attempt to find a theory which does instantiate the epistemic predicament as described by SC. We argue that Freudian psychoanalysis, in virtue of some of its well-known epistemic complications and conceptual confusions, provides a perfect illustration of what SC claims is actually going on in science. In other words, the features SC (...)
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  33. added 2011-05-31
    Science Under Siege: Defending Science, Exposing Pseudoscience.Kendrick Frazier (ed.) - 2009 - Prometheus.
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  34. added 2011-05-24
    The Concept of Scientific Research.Lisa Bortolotti - 2011 - In Carlos Maria Romeo Casabona (ed.), Los Nuevos Horizontes de la Investigacion Genetica. Comares.
    Chapter discussing what it takes for an activity to be an instance of scientific research.
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  35. added 2011-05-06
    Are There Uncontroversial Error Theories?Terence Rajivan Edward - 2011 - Philosophical Pathways (162).
    This paper evaluates an argument for the conclusion that in order to produce a viable objection to a particular error theory, the objection must not be applicable to any error theory. The reason given for this conclusion is that error theories about some discourses are uncontroversial. But the examples given of uncontroversial error theories are not good ones, nor do there appear to be other examples available.
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  36. added 2011-02-08
    Exploring the Hinterland of Science.Maarten Boudry - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):173-176.
  37. added 2010-06-22
    Bullshit and Philosophy.Hardcastle Reisch (ed.) - 2006 - Open Court.
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  38. added 2009-11-12
    Different Kinds and Aspects of Bullshit.Hans Maes & Katrien Schaubroeck - 2006 - In Hardcastle Reisch (ed.), Bullshit and Philosophy. Open Court.
    In this paper, we aim to show that there is a particular kind of bullshit that is not dealt with in Harry Frankfurt’s and G.A. Cohen’s critiques of bullshit. We also point out the evaluative complexity of bullshit. Frankfurt and Cohen both stress its negative and possibly destructive aspects, but one might wonder whether bullshit need always and necessarily be reprehensible. We will argue that there are positive or at least neutral aspects to some kinds of bullshit.
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  39. added 2008-12-31
    Science Fans: A Basic Description and Analysis of the Emergence of a Pseudoscience Movement in China.Song Tian - unknown
    Science fans (minjian kexue aihaozhe) are a special group devoted to so-called scientific activities outside of the science community. They are different from amateur scientists (or science amateur) (yeyu kexue aihaozhe) in the way that they do not have proper channels for communication with the scientific community. The populations of Science fans' numbers increased sharply in the early 1980's in China because of the social environment, the public perception of science at that time, the misunderstanding of scientific activities by mass (...)
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  40. added 2008-12-31
    The Social Psychology of "Pseudoscience": A Brief History. Arthurstill & Windydryden - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (3):265–290.
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  41. added 2008-12-31
    Science, Pseudoscience, and Anomaly.James E. Alcock - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):303-303.
    My criticisms of parapsychology are neither based on its subject matter per se, nor simply on a charge of sloppy research, but rather on the whole pattern of theory and research in this domain. The lack of a positive definition of psi, the use of ad hoc principles such as psi-missing and the experimenter psi effect to account for failures to confirm hypotheses, and the failure to produce a single phenomenon that can be replicated by neutral investigators are among the (...)
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