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  1. added 2020-05-25
    These Confabulations Are Guaranteed to Improve Your Marriage: Toward a Teleological Theory of Confabulation.Samuel Murray & Peter Finocchiaro - forthcoming - Synthese.
    Confabulation is typically understood to be dysfunctional. But this understanding neglects the phenomenon's potential benefits. In fact, we think that the benefits of non-clinical confabulation provide a better foundation for a general account of confabulation. In this paper, we start from these benefits to develop a social teleological account of confabulation. Central to our account is the idea that confabulation manifests a kind of willful ignorance. By understanding confabulation in this way, we can provide principled explanations for the difference between (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-09
    Disturbance of Ego-Boundary Enaction in Schizophrenia.Richard G. T. Gipps - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):91-106.
    Today the concept of 'schizophrenia' is often presented in psychiatric texts as a construct, a construct bringing together a diverse and, allegedly, independently assailable range of signs and symptoms. According to such a diagnostic scheme two patients may both be allowed to count as suffering from schizophrenia despite sharing hardly a single symptom. The validity of the concept has accordingly been contested by psychologists for its apparent lack of unity. In the absence of clear independent evidence of a unitary physiological (...)
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  3. added 2020-02-24
    Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Iii: The Nature and Sources of Historical Change.Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Psychiatry has been subject to major changes in the last 150 years. This book explores the forces that have shaped these changes and how they have impacted on the psychiatric profession in this time. The result is a dynamic discussion about the nature of psychiatric disorders, and a book that is compelling reading.
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  4. added 2020-02-24
    Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Validation: Dsm, Icd, Rdoc, and Beyond.Peter Zachar, Drozdstoj St Stoyanov, Massimiliano Aragona & Assen Jablensky (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In this important new book in the IPPP series, a group of leading thinkers in psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy offer alternative perspectives that address both the scientific and clinical aspects of psychiatric validation, emphasizing throughout their philosophical and historical considerations.
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  5. added 2020-02-24
    Madness Cracked.Mick Power - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    The recent publication of DSM-5 highlighted the two opposing views that exist within psychology and psychiatry as to how we deal with mental disorders. This book provides an introduction to the history of psychiatry and clinical psychology, looking at how people have attempted to classify the various problems and disorders they face.
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  6. added 2020-02-20
    Psychiatric Comorbidity: More Than a Kuhnian Anomaly.Peter Zachar - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):13-22.
  7. added 2020-02-13
    Psychiatry and the Human Condition.Bruce Charlton - 2000
  8. added 2020-02-13
    The Death of Psychiatry.E. Fuller Torrey - 1974
  9. added 2020-02-09
    Retheorizing Psychiatry: Birth of a Postmodern Clinic.Bradley Eugene Lewis - 2001 - Dissertation, The George Washington University
    In this dissertation, I use recent theoretical approaches in the human sciences to reconsider fundamental organizing structures of psychiatric knowledge. Chapter 1 outlines how the tropes of "theory" and "a-theory" are used in the human sciences and in psychiatry, critiques psychiatry's a-theoretical approach, and explores the possibilities for a retheorized psychiatry along the lines of work in the human sciences. Chapter 2 and 3 concentrate respectively on two key aspects of "theory"---language and power---and considers their role in shaping and fixing (...)
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  10. added 2020-01-11
    Changing The Definition of The Kilogram: Insights For Psychiatric Disease Classification.Hanna M. Van Loo, Jan-Willem Romeijn & Kenneth S. Kendler - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (4):97-108.
    In psychiatry, many scientists desire to move from a classification system based on symptoms toward a system based on biological causes. The idea is that psychiatric diseases should be redefined such that each disease would be associated with specific biological causes. This desire is intelligible because causal disease models often facilitate understanding and identification of new ways to intervene in disease processes. In its attempt to move from syndromal to specific etiological definitions, psychiatry follows the trend of general medicine.Current psychiatric...
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  11. added 2020-01-11
    Child Psychopathology: Diagnostic Criteria and Clinical Assessment.Stephen R. Hooper, George W. Hynd & Richard E. Mattison (eds.) - 1991 - Psychology Press.
    These two companion volumes provide a comprehensive review and critical evaluation of the major DSM-III and DSM-III-R child disorders. Their major goal is to provide diagnostic and assessment guidelines that are based on scientific literature in specific clinical domains. Each chapter contains a discussion of the historical background of a particular diagnosis, definitional issues, a critical but selective review of the literature addressing the diagnosis in question, proposed changes in the diagnostic criteria based on the available literature, and proposed assessment (...)
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  12. added 2020-01-11
    Child Psychopathology: Diagnostic Criteria and Clinical Assessment.Stephen R. Hooper, George W. Hynd & Richard E. Mattison (eds.) - 1991 - Psychology Press.
    These two companion volumes provide a comprehensive review and critical evaluation of the major DSM-III and DSM-III-R child disorders. Their major goal is to provide diagnostic and assessment guidelines that are based on scientific literature in specific clinical domains. Each chapter contains a discussion of the historical background of a particular diagnosis, definitional issues, a critical but selective review of the literature addressing the diagnosis in question, proposed changes in the diagnostic criteria based on the available literature, and proposed assessment (...)
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  13. added 2019-11-27
    Aporia of Power: On the Crises, Science, and Internal Dynamics of the Mental Health Field.Sina Salessi - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (2):175-200.
    The myriad controversies embroiling the mental health field—heightened in the lead-up to the release of DSM-5 —merit a close analysis of the field and its epistemological underpinnings. By using DSM as a starting point, this paper develops to overview the entire mental health field. Beginning with a history of the field and its recent crises, the troubles of the past “external crisis” are compared to the contemporary “internal crisis.” In an effort to examine why crises have recurred, the internal dynamics (...)
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  14. added 2019-11-17
    Unordered Lives.Jan M. Broekman - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (3):223-228.
    The close ties between law and psychiatric illness challenge our effort to understand the complex semantics of Western culture and the foundations of law in the heart of that culture. It is, however, difficult to be immediately confronted with the limitations of these semantics. Can one ever achieve a refined precision of psychiatric issues? Lawyers and psychiatrists tend to disregard the fact that people live within different realms of expressiveness, even where the same phenomena seem apparent. They neutralize all relativity (...)
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  15. added 2019-11-15
    Syndrome Stabilization in Psychiatry: Pathological Gambling as a Case Study.Don Ross - unknown
    Murphy (2006) criticizes psychiatric nosology from the perspective of the philosophy of science, arguing that the model of pathology as encapsulated in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders reflects a folk conception of the mental, and of malfunctioning, that is inadequately integrated with cognitive and behavioral neuroscience. The present paper supports this view through a case study of research on pathological gambling. It argues that recent modeling based on fMRI studies and behavioral genetics suggests a stipulative, non-seamless reduction (...)
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  16. added 2019-11-15
    Values and Psychiatric Diagnosis.John Z. Sadler - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    The public, mental health consumers, as well as mental health practitioners wonder about what kinds of values mental health professionals hold, and what kinds of values influence psychiatric diagnosis. Are mental disorders socio-political, practical, or scientific concepts? Is psychiatric diagnosis value-neutral? What role does the fundamental philosophical question "How should I live?" play in mental health care? In his carefully nuanced and exhaustively referenced monograph, psychiatrist and philosopher of psychiatry John Z. Sadler describes the manifold kinds of values and value (...)
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  17. added 2019-11-13
    Philosophy of Psychiatry.Dominic Murphy - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  18. added 2019-11-13
    Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry, by Tim Thornton.C. Perring - 2009 - Mind 118 (471):882-886.
  19. added 2019-11-13
    Dominic Murphy Psychiatry in the Scientific Image.Robin Brown - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):673-678.
  20. added 2019-11-13
    Internists of the Mind or Physicians of the Soul: Does Psychiatry Need a Public Philosophy?Don Browning - 2008 - Zygon 43 (2):371-383.
    Although psychiatry is interested in what both body and mind contribute to behavior, it sometimes emphasizes one more than the other. Since the early 1980s, American psychiatry has shifted its interest from mind and psyche to body and brain. Neuroscience and psychopharmacology are increasingly at the core of psychiatry. Some experts claim that psychiatry is no longer interested in problems in living and positive goals such as mental health, happiness, and morality but rather has narrowed its focus to mental disorders (...)
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  21. added 2019-11-13
    Psychiatry in the Scientific Image. [REVIEW]G. Graham - 2008 - Philosophical Review 117 (2):304-306.
  22. added 2019-11-13
    Praise for a Critical Perspective.David C. Airey & Richard C. Shelton - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):405-405.
    The target article skillfully evaluates data on mental disorders in relation to predictions from evolutionary genetic theories of neutral evolution, balancing selection, and polygenic mutation-selection balance, resulting in a negative outlook for the likelihood of success finding genes for mental disorders. Nevertheless, new conceptualizations, methods, and continued interactions across disciplines provide hope.
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  23. added 2019-11-13
    Prescriptions for Responsible Psychiatry.Joseph Agassi - 1996 - In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications. pp. 339.
    The ills of psychiatry are currently diagnoses with the aid of deficient etiologies. The currently proposed prescriptions for psychiatry are practically impossible. The defective part of the profession is its leadership which in its very defensiveness sticks to the status quo, thereby owning the worst defects and impeding all possible cure. The current discussions of the matter are pretentious and thus woolly. The minimal requirement from the profession as a whole and from each of its individual members is that they (...)
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  24. added 2019-11-11
    More Aristotle, Less DSM: The Ontology of Mental Disorders in Constructivist Perspective.Marino Pérez-Álvarez, Louis A. Sass & José M. García-Montes - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (3):211-225.
    This work begins by proposing the need for exploring the mode of being of mental disorders. It is a philosophical study in an Aristotelian perspective, with special emphasis on the anthropological–cultural dimension. It is difficult for such an inquiry to be carried out from within psychiatry or clinical psychology, committed as these fields are to their own logic and practical conditions. The issues are, in any case, more ontological than strictly clinical in nature. We therefore turn to Aristotle, and specifically (...)
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  25. added 2019-11-11
    Vice and the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Disorders: A Philosophical Case Conference.John Z. - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (1):1-17.
    This main article for a Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology philosophical case conference is intended to raise philosophical, psychiatric, and public policy issues concerning the relationship between concepts of criminality, mental disorder, and the classification of mental disorders. After introducing the basic problem of the confounding of “vice” and mental disorder concepts in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition—Text Revision, the author summarizes three different cases from the literature that illustrate the problem of the vice–mental disorder relationship. (...)
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  26. added 2019-11-11
    Anthropological Perspectives in Psychiatric Nosology.Juan J. López-Ibor Jr & María-Inés López-Ibor - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (3):259-263.
  27. added 2019-11-10
    Against Definition.Eric Matthews - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):53-57.
  28. added 2019-11-10
    Psychiatric Treatment and the Problem of Equality: Whose Justice, Which Rationality?Floris Tomasini - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):101-103.
  29. added 2019-11-10
    Decision-Making as a Broader Concept.Jacinta O. A. Tan, Anne Stewart & Tony Hope - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (4):345-349.
  30. added 2019-11-08
    Did You Hurt Yourself?Katherine J. Morris - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (1):23-24.
  31. added 2019-11-08
    In the Spirit of Giving Uptake.Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (1):33-35.
  32. added 2019-11-08
    Reliability and Validity in Psychiatric Classification: Values and Neo-Humeanism.Timothy Thornton - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):229-235.
  33. added 2019-11-08
    The Practical Kinds Model as a Pragmatist Theory of Classification.Peter Zachar - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (3):219-227.
  34. added 2019-11-08
    Arguing From Neuroscience in Psychiatry.James Phillips - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (1):61-63.
  35. added 2019-11-08
    Key Concepts: Hermeneutics.James Phillips - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (1):61-69.
  36. added 2019-11-08
    Commentary on "Epistemic Value Commitments&Quot.Michael Luntley - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (3):227-229.
  37. added 2019-11-08
    Commentary on "Epistemic Value Commitments&Quot.W. J. Livesley - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (3):223-226.
  38. added 2019-11-08
    Epistemic Value Commitments in the Debate Over Categorical Vs. Dimensional Personality Diagnosis.John Z. Sadler - 1996 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 3 (3):203-222.
    Contemporary philosophy of science tells us that scientific theories are “underdetermined” by their accompanying data in a variety of ways. Briefly put, theories are not constructed on data alone. Psychiatric classification is subject to this same kind of underdetermination. Theories may be determined by a combination of data, historical factors, practical constraints, value commitments, and other factors. While practical constraints (like user-friendliness or compatibility across diagnostic systems) are commonly admitted to be influential in shaping psychiatric classification, the idea that values (...)
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  39. added 2019-11-07
    Is This Dame Melancholy?: Equating Today's Depression and Past Melancholia.Jennifer Radden - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (1):37-52.
  40. added 2019-11-06
    Studying Penguins to Understand Birds.Jacinta Tan, Anne Stewart, Ray Fitzpatrick & R. A. Hope - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (4):299-301.
  41. added 2019-11-06
    Descriptions and Prescriptions: Values, Mental Disorders, and the DSMs (Review).Dean Frederick MacKinnon - 2004 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (1):152-157.
    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM (American Psychiatric Association 1994), is something we can't live with and can't live without. We can't live with it because of diagnoses that shouldn't be or aren't there, or because of criteria that seem too subjective, behavioral, broad, or exclusive. It is chock full of unwieldy webs of diagnostic specifiers for disorders without a known biological basis. (For non-psychiatrist readers: unlike most medical diagnoses, which point ultimately to biological mechanisms or (...)
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  42. added 2019-11-06
    Psychiatric Disorders Are Not Natural Kinds.Peter Zachar - 2000 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 7 (3):167-182.
  43. added 2019-11-06
    Classifying Madness: A Philosophical Examination of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.Rachel Cooper - unknown
    Classifying Madness (Springer, 2005) concerns philosophical problems with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, more commonly known as the D.S.M. The D.S.M. is published by the American Psychiatric Association and aims to list and describe all mental disorders. The first half of Classifying Madness asks whether the project of constructing a classification of mental disorders that reflects natural distinctions makes sense. Chapters examine the nature of mental illness, and also consider whether mental disorders fall into natural kinds. The (...)
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  44. added 2019-11-05
    Getting the Personal Perspective Into View.Gloria Ayob - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (2):127-130.
    There is a Long-Standing concern that psychiatrists have the task of fitting a square peg into a round hole: the empirical generalizations upon which diagnoses are made have seemed too many to overlook something essential about the individual person who is the subject of the diagnosis. This concern prompted a World Psychiatric Association (WPA) workgroup to suggest that a personalized component should be added to patients’ diagnostic assessment (IDGA Workgroup 2003). One might have the following worry about the WPA workgroup’s (...)
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  45. added 2019-11-05
    Ontological Insecurity: A Guiding Framework for Borderline Personality Disorder.Tina Pietsch, John Wilson & Matthew McDonald - 2010 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 41 (1):85-105.
    The purpose of this inquiry is to explore the experience of Borderline Personality Disorder with the aim of developing a more liberating approach to its diagnosis and treatment. Eight participants diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder were recruited from a psychiatric hospital operated by the Surrey and Borders NHS Trust and an outpatient daycentre based in London, United Kingdom. A narrative approach to methodology was employed to collect and analyse the participants’ life-stories. Themes to emerge from the participant’s narratives were found (...)
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  46. added 2019-11-05
    Scientific Progress and the Prospects for Culture-Bound Syndromes.Charlotte Blease - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4):333-339.
    This paper aims to show that the classification by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of a distinct listing of disorders known as Culture-Bound Syndromes is misguided. I argue that the list of CBS comprises either genuine disorders that should be included within the main body of the DSM; or ersatz-disorders that serve a practical role for psychiatrists dealing with patients from certain cultures but will one day be eliminated or assimilated by bona (...)
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  47. added 2019-11-05
    The Rise of Philosophy of Psychiatry.Christian Perring - 1998 - The Philosophers' Magazine 3 (3):46-47.
  48. added 2019-11-04
    Essay Review: The Historiography of the History of Psychiatry.Dr Jerome Kroll - forthcoming - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (3):267-275.
  49. added 2019-11-04
    Psychiatry's Catch 22, Need for Precision, and Placing Schools in Perspective.A. R. Singh - 2013 - Mens Sana Monographs 11 (1):42.
    The catch 22 situation in psychiatry is that for precise diagnostic categories/criteria, we need precise investigative tests, and for precise investigative tests, we need precise diagnostic criteria/categories; and precision in both diagnostics and investigative tests is nonexistent at present. The effort to establish clarity often results in a fresh maze of evidence. In finding the way forward, it is tempting to abandon the scientific method, but that is not possible, since we deal with real human psychopathology, not just concepts to (...)
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  50. added 2019-11-04
    Psychopharmacological Practice: The DSM Versus The Brain.T. L. Schwartz - 2013 - Mens Sana Monographs 11 (1):25.
    In 1952, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) system of creating, validating, studying and employing a diagnostic system in clinical psychiatric practice was introduced. There have been several updates and revisions to this manual and, regardless of its a theoretical framework, it actually does have a framework and presupposition. Essentially the DSM dictates that all psychiatric disorders are syndromes, or a collection of symptoms that commonly occur together and impair psychosocial functioning. These syndromes allow for homogenous groups (...)
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1 — 50 / 273