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  1. The Atomistic Revival.Ralph Abraham & Sisir Roy - 2012 - World Futures 68 (1):30 - 39.
    In our recent book (Abraham and Roy 2010) we have repurposed a mathematical model for the quantum vacuum as a model of consciousness. In this model, discrete space and time are derived from a discrete cellular dynamical network. As our model is essentially atomistic, we included in our book a short support chapter on atomism. In this aticle we expand on the few pages of that chapter devoted to the history of atomism, to place the current revival of atomism in (...)
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  2. How to Defend a Theory Without Testing It: Niels Bohr and the "Logic of Pursuit".Peter Achinstein - 1993 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):90-120.
  3. Why is Mechanics Based on Acceleration?Carl G. Adler - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (1):146-152.
    The unique role of the second derivative of position with respect to time in classical mechanics is investigated. It is indicated that mechanics might have been developed around other order derivatives. Examples based on $\overset \ldots \to{x}$ and $\overset....\to{x}$ are presented. Kirchhoff's argument for using ẍ is given and generalized.
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  4. An Introduction to the Science of Psychic Condensate Phase of Patanjali: Patanjali's Thoughts Re-Looked in the Light of Emerging Quantum Science.Prabhakar Adsule - 1998 - Sudha Kiran.
  5. Constantin Piron at Sixty-Plus: Continuing a Quest for the Understanding of Fundamental Physical Theories and the Pursuit of Their Elaboration. [REVIEW]Diederik Aerts - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (8):1107-1111.
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  6. Quantum Structures, Separated Physical Entities and Probability.Diederik Aerts - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (9):1227-1259.
    We prove that if the physical entity S consisting of two separated physical entities S1 and S2 satisfies the axioms of orthodox quantum mechanics, then at least one of the two subentities is a classical physical entity. This theorem implies that separated quantum entities cannot be described by quantum mechanics. We formulate this theorem in an approach where physical entities are described by the set of their states, and the set of their relevant experiments. We also show that the collection (...)
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  7. Quantum, Classical and Intermediate: An Illustrative Example. [REVIEW]Diederik Aerts & Thomas Durt - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (10):1353-1369.
    We present a model that allows one to build structures that evolve continuously from classical to quantum, and we study the intermediate situations, giving rise to structures that are neither classical nor quantum. We construct the closure structure corresponding to the collection of eigenstate sets of these intermediate situations, and demonstrate how the superposition principle disappears during the transition from quantum to classical. We investigate the validity of the axioms of quantum mechanics for the intermediate situations.
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  8. A Theory of Concepts and Their Combinations II: A Hilbert Space Representation.Diederik Aerts & Liane Gabora - 2005 - Philosophical Explorations.
    The sets of contexts and properties of a concept are embedded in the complex Hilbert space of quantum mechanics. States are unit vectors or density operators, and contexts and properties are orthogonal projections. The way calculations are done in Hilbert space makes it possible to model how context influences the state of a concept. Moreover, a solution to the combination of concepts is proposed. Using the tensor product, a procedure for describing combined concepts is elaborated, providing a natural solution to (...)
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  9. Concepts and Their Dynamics: A Quantum‐Theoretic Modeling of Human Thought.Diederik Aerts, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):737-772.
    We analyze different aspects of our quantum modeling approach of human concepts and, more specifically, focus on the quantum effects of contextuality, interference, entanglement, and emergence, illustrating how each of them makes its appearance in specific situations of the dynamics of human concepts and their combinations. We point out the relation of our approach, which is based on an ontology of a concept as an entity in a state changing under influence of a context, with the main traditional concept theories, (...)
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  10. Applications of Quantum Statistics in Psychological Studies of Decision Processes.Diedrik Aerts & Sven Aerts - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (1):85-97.
    We present a new approach to the old problem of how to incorporate the role of the observer in statistics. We show classical probability theory to be inadequate for this task and take refuge in the epsilon-model, which is the only model known to us caapble of handling situations between quantum and classical statistics. An example is worked out and some problems are discussed as to the new viewpoint that emanates from our approach.
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  11. The Structure of the Quantum Revolution.Joseph Agassi - 1983 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 13 (3):367-381.
  12. The Interface of Philosophy and Physics. [REVIEW]Joseph Agassi - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (2):263 - 265.
  13. Realism and Quantum Physics.Evandro Agazzi - 1997 - Rodopi.
    Contents: Evandro AGAZZI: Introduction. Part One: PHILOSOPHICAL CONSIDERATIONS. Paul HORWICH: Realism and Truth. Evandro AGAZZI: On the Criteria for Establishing the Ontological Status of Different Entities. Aristides BALTAS; Con-straints and Resistance: Stating a Case for Negative Realism. Michel PATY: Predicate of Existence and Predictability for a Theoretical Object in Physics. Part Two: OBSERVABILITY AND HIDDEN ENTITIES. François BONSACK: Atoms: Lessons of a History. Alberto CORDERO: Arguing for Hidden Realities. Bernard d'ESPAGNAT: On the Difficulties that Attributing Existence to «Hidden» Quantities May (...)
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  14. Physique Quantique Mésoscopique =.E. Akkermans (ed.) - 1995 - Elsevier.
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  15. A Quantum-Mechanical Automation.David Z. Albert - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):577-585.
    A Quantum-Mechanical automation, equipped with mechanisms for the measurement and the recording and the prediction of certain physical properties of the world, is described. It is inquired what sort of empirical description such an automation would produce of itself. It turns out that this description would be a very novel one, one such as was never imagined in the conventional discussions of measurement.
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  16. Causality and Chance in Modern Physics. [REVIEW]James Albertson - 1959 - Modern Schoolman 36 (2):134-135.
  17. Dirac Equation with Coupling to 1/R Singular Vector Potentials for All Angular Momenta.A. D. Alhaidari - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1088-1095.
    We consider the Dirac equation in 3+1 dimensions with spherical symmetry and coupling to 1/r singular vector potential. An approximate analytic solution for all angular momenta is obtained. The approximation is made for the 1/r orbital term in the Dirac equation itself not for the traditional and more singular 1/r 2 term in the resulting second order differential equation. Consequently, the validity of the solution is for a wider energy spectrum. As examples, we consider the Hulthén and Eckart potentials.
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  18. W. K. Heisenberg, cientista e filosofo (1901-1976).V. De Sousa Alves - 1977 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 33 (1):80 - 83.
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  19. Fluctuations in the Dynamics of Single Quantum Systems.A. Amann & H. Atmanspacher - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (2):151-182.
    The traditional formalism of quantum mechanics is mainly used to describe ensembles of identical systems (with a density-operator formalism) or single isolated systems, but is not capable of describing single open quantum objects with many degrees of freedom showing pure-state stochastic dynamical behaviour. In particular, stochastic 'line-migration' as in single-molecule spectroscopy of defect molecules in a molecular matrix is not adequately described. Starting with the Bohr scenario of stochastic quantum jumps (between strict energy eigenstates), we try to incorporate more general (...)
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  20. Pref a Ce.Anton Amann & Harald Atmanspacher - unknown
    In June 1998 Hans Primas turned 70 y ears old. Although he himself is not fond of jubilees and although he lik es to play the decimal system of numb ers do wn as contingent, this is nev ertheless a suitable o ccasion to re ect on the professional work of one of the rare distinguished contemp orary scientists who attach equal imp ortance to exp erimen tal and theoretical and conceptual lines of researc h. Hans Primas' in terests ha (...)
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  21. Modeling the Heisenberg Matrix: Quantum Coherence and Thought at the Holoscape Manifold and Deeper Complementarity.R. L. Amoroso & B. Martin - 1995 - In Joseph E. King & Karl H. Pribram (eds.), Scale in Conscious Experience. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  22. Gravitational Effects on Charged Quantum Systems.J. Anandan - 1986 - In Roger Penrose & C. J. Isham (eds.), Quantum Concepts in Space and Time. New York ;Oxford University Press. pp. 1--57.
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  23. Reality and Geometry in Quantum Theory.Jeeva S. Anandan - 1996
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  24. Quantum Interference and the Gravitational Field.Jeeva S. Anandan - 1980 - In A. R. Marlow (ed.), Quantum Theory and Gravitation. Academic Press. pp. 1--157.
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  25. Particle or Wave: The Evolution of the Concept of Matter in Modern Physics.Charis Anastopoulos - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    'Particle or Wave' explains the origins and development of modern physical concepts about matter and the controversies surrounding them.
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  26. Momentum Conservation Decides Heisenberg's Interpretation of the Uncertainty Formulas.Th D. Angelidis - 1977 - Foundations of Physics 7 (5-6):431-449.
    The present thesis considers, in the light of Heisenberg's interpretation of the uncertainty formulas, the conditions necessary for the derivation of the quantitative statement or law of momentum conservation. The result of such considerations is a contradiction between the formalism of quantum physics and the asserted consequences of Heisenberg's interpretation. This contradiction decides against Heisenberg's interpretation of the uncertainty formulas on upholding that the formalism of quantum physics is both consistent and complete, at least insofar as the statement of momentum (...)
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  27. The Logic of Quantum Systems with Diagonal Singularities.I. Antoniou & Z. Suchanecki - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (10):1439-1457.
    The work of the Brussels-Austin groups on irreversibility over the last years has shown that Quantum Large Poincaré systems with diagonal singularity lead to an extension of the conventional formulation of dynamics at the level of mixtures which is manifestly time asymmetric. States with diagonal singularity acquire meaning as linear fractionals over the involutive Banach algebra of operators with diagonal singularity. We show in this paper that the logic of quantum systems with diagonal singularity is not the conventional logic of (...)
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  28. AA. W., The Logico Algebraic Approach to Quantum Mechanics, voL II: Con-Temporary Consolidation, Ed. By CA. Hooker, D. Reidel Publ. Camp., Dor-Drecht-Boston-London, 1979. AA. W., Theoretical Approaches to Complex Systems, Proceedings, Tubingen 1977, Lecture Notes in Biomathematics, 21, Springer-Veriag, Berlin 1978. [REVIEW]K. O. Apel - 1979 - International Logic Review 12 (19-24):156.
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  29. Fundamental Symmetry Principles in Quantum Mechanics and its Philosophical Phases.Asao Arai - unknown
    A fundamental symmetry principle in quantum mechanics is formulated in the framework of the standard axiomatic quantum mechanics and a new philosophical interpretation for quantum mechanics, which dissolves "difficulties" in the conventional interpretations for quantum mechanics, is presented. Moreover, philosophical phases of the fundamental symmetry principle are discussed in connection with Plato's philosophy and Oriental philosophies, in particular, Zen Buddhism.
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  30. The Received View on Quantum Non-Individuality: Formal and Metaphysical Analysis.Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4).
    The Received View on quantum non-individuality is, roughly speaking, the view according to which quantum objects are not individuals. It seems clear that the RV finds its standard expression nowadays through the use of the formal apparatuses of non-reflexive logics, mainly quasi-set theory. In such logics, the relation of identity is restricted, so that it does not apply for terms denoting quantum particles; this “lack of identity” formally characterizes their non-individuality. We face then a dilemma: on the one hand, identity (...)
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  31. Wither Away Individuals.Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart - 2013 - Synthese 190 (16):3475-3494.
    In this paper we deal with the problem of identity and individuality in quantum mechanics. We analyze three definitions of the concept of an individual and propose to check their merits in relation to the theory. In order to achieve our goals our approach also ties those definitions of individuality to two distinct kinds of naturalism in ontology: a strong version, according to which quantum mechanics must somehow authorize in a positive fashion the ontological concepts being dealt with, and a (...)
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  32. Weak Discernibility in Quantum Mechanics: Does It Save PII?Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart - 2013 - Axiomathes 23 (3):461-484.
    The Weak Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles (weak PII), states that numerically distinct items must be discernible by a symmetrical and irreflexive relation. Recently, some authors have proposed that weak PII holds in non relativistic quantum mechanics, contradicting a long tradition claiming PII to be simply false in that theory. The question that arises then is: are relations allowed in the scope of PII? In this paper, we propose that quantum mechanics does not help us in deciding matters concerning (...)
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  33. Why Non-Individuality? A Discussion on Individuality, Identity, and Cardinality in the Quantum Context.Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Décio Krause - 2012 - Erkenntnis (1):1-18.
    Recently, in the debate about the ontology of quantum mechanics some authors have defended the view that quantum particles are individuals in a primitive sense, so that individuality should be preferred over non-individuality (the alternative option). Primitive individuality involves two main claims: (1) every item is identical with itself and (2) it is distinct from every other item. Non-relativistic quantum mechanics is said to provide positive evidence for that position, since in every situation comprising multiple particles there is a well-defined (...)
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  34. Model and Mechanism in Quantum Physics a Historical and Philosophical Analysis of Systems Represented by Harmonic Oscillators.Katherine Sashiko Arima & Ont Toronto - 1976 - [S.N.].
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  35. Is Quantum Mechanics Pointless?Frank Arntzenius - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1447-1457.
    There exist well‐known conundrums, such as measure‐theoretic paradoxes and problems of contact, which, within the context of classical physics, can be used to argue against the existence of points in space and space‐time. I examine whether quantum mechanics provides additional reasons for supposing that there are no points in space and space‐time.
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  36. Relativistic Hidden Variable Theories?Frank Arntzenius - 1994 - Erkenntnis 41 (2):207 - 231.
    I show that for any quantum dynamics and any choice of observables as hidden variables an adequate hidden variable theory always exists. I argue that hidden variable theories have no more problems in reconciling non-locality with relativity than no-hidden-variable theories.
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  37. Dispositions as the Foundation for Feynman's Formulation of Quantum Mechanics.Jerrold L. Aronson - 1997 - Dialectica 51 (1):35–64.
  38. The Peer-to-Peer Simulation Hypothesis and a New Theory of Free Will.Marcus Arvan - 2015 - Scientia Salon.
  39. Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics.A. Ashtekar (ed.) - 2003
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  40. Losing Energy in Classical, Relativistic and Quantum Mechanics.David Atkinson - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):170-180.
    A Zenonian supertask involving an infinite number of colliding balls is considered, under the restriction that the total mass of all the balls is finite. Classical mechanics leads to the conclusion that momentum, but not necessarily energy, must be conserved. Relativistic mechanics, on the other hand, implies that energy and momentum conservation are always violated. Quantum mechanics, however, seems to rule out the Zeno configuration as an inconsistent system.
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  41. Losing Energy in Classical, Relativistic and Quantum Mechanics.David Atkinson - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (1):170-180.
    A Zenonian supertask involving an infinite number of colliding balls is considered, under the restriction that the total mass of all the balls is finite. Classical mechanics leads to the conclusion that momentum, but not necessarily energy, must be conserved. Relativistic mechanics, on the other hand, implies that energy and momentum conservation are always violated. Quantum mechanics, however, seems to rule out the Zeno configuration as an inconsistent system.
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  42. Brussels-Austin Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics: Large Poincar´E Systems and Rigged Hilbert Space.Harald Atmanspacher - manuscript
    The fundamental problem on which Ilya Prigogine and the Brussels- Austin Group have focused can be stated briefly as follows. Our observations indicate that there is an arrow of time in our experience of the world (e.g., decay of unstable radioactive atoms like Uranium, or the mixing of cream in coffee). Most of the fundamental equations of physics are time reversible, however, presenting an apparent conflict between our theoretical descriptions and experimental observations. Many have thought that the observed arrow of (...)
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  43. Derivation of the Symmetry Postulates for Identical Particles From Pilot-Wave Theories.Guido Bacciagaluppi - unknown
    The symmetries of the wavefunction for identical particles, including anyons, are given a rigorous non-relativistic generalisation within pilot-wave formulations of quantum mechanics. In particular, parastatistics are excluded. The result has a rigorous generalisation to _n_ particles and to spinorial wavefunctions. The relation to other non-relativistic approaches is briefly discussed.
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  44. Gauge- and Galilei-Invariant Geometric Phases.Guido Bacciagaluppi - unknown
    Neither geometric phases nor differences in geometric phases are generally invariant under time-dependent unitary transformations (unlike differences in total phases), in particular under local gauge transformations and Galilei transformations. (This was pointed out originally by Aharonov and Anandan, and in the case of Galilei transformations has recently been shown explicitly by Sjoeqvist, Brown and Carlsen.) In this paper, I introduce a phase, related to the standard geometric phase, for which phase differences are both gauge- and Galilei-invariant, and, indeed, invariant under (...)
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  45. Heisenberg's Indeterminacy Principle and Life.A. Bachem - 1952 - Philosophy of Science 19 (4):261-272.
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  46. Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber Collapse Theory and Whiteheadian Process Philosophy.G. B. Bagci - 2009 - Process Studies 38 (2):368-393.
    There have been many attempts to undertand the connections between quantum theory and Whiteheadian process philosophy. However, due to the ontological considerations, it is very important to specify which interpretation of quantum theory one embraces before inquiring into the details of Whitehead`s philosophy of organism. In this article, I argue that Ghirardi-Rimini-Weber (GRW) collapse interpretation of quantum theory serves as a suitable point of departure for future endeavors. Comparisons with many-worlds interpretation and decoherence approach have also been provided.
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  47. Cpt Invariance and the Spin-Statistics Connection.Jonathan Bain - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book seeks to answer the question "What explains CPT invariance and the spin-statistics connection?" These properties play foundational roles in relativistic quantum field theories, are supported by high-precision experiments, and figure into explanations of a wide range of phenomena, from antimatter, to the periodic table of the elements, to superconductors and superfluids. They can be derived in RQFTs by means of the famous CPT and Spin-Statistics theorems; but, the author argues, these theorems cannot be said to explain these properties, (...)
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  48. Piron's Foundation of Quantum Mechanics (Comment on His Paper).W. Balzer - 1981 - Erkenntnis 16 (3):403 - 406.
  49. Prime Integrals in Relativistic Celestial Mechanics.Vittorio Banfi - 2000 - Apeiron 7 (3-4):133.
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  50. The Pendulum as a Vehicle for Transitioning From Classical to Quantum Physics: History, Quantum Concepts, and Educational Challenges.Marianne B. Barnes, James Garner & David Reid - 2004 - Science & Education 13 (4-5):417-436.
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