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  1. Les limites d'une histoire naturelle de la raison. À propos du rationalisme naturaliste de Pascal Engel.Yann Schmitt - 2020 - Klēsis Revue Philosophique 1 (45).
    On peut inscrire les travaux de Engel dans le sillage rationaliste des Pères de la philosophie analytique, mais après le tournant naturaliste opéré par Quine. Ce sont les diverses bonnes raisons, exposées de manière non systématique par Engel, d’associer naturalisme et rationalisme que je souhaite présenter tout en cherchant à identifier la difficulté constitutive de ce programme qui ne reçoit pas de solution complète: la normativité épistémique ne semble ni éliminable, ni correctement intégrée à ce programme.
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  2. The knowledge of one’s own beliefs: empiricism, rationalism, and rationality.Robson Barcelos - 2017 - Dissertation, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
    Self-knowledge is the cognitive ability of the agent to know his or her own mental states. There are several types of mental states, and there is a method for the knowledge of each type. The focus of this dissertation is on the knowledge of one‘s own beliefs. With this goal in mind, we present the empiricist and the rationalist approaches to the knowledge of one‘s own beliefs. Empiricist theories of self-knowledge proposes introspection as the method for the knowledge of one‘s (...)
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  3. Crítica de la Razón Moderna.Juan Manuel Díaz-Torres (ed.) - 2008 - Valencia, España: Tirant lo Blanch.
    La superación del racionalismo y del relativismo no ha podido gestarse con fecundidad. Posiblemente porque el absolutismo racionalista -que salva la razón a costa de anular la vida- y el relativismo -que salva la vida negando la razón- se han desplazado en una dimensión única que imposibilitaba la insumisión a ese dilema vertebrado por una concepción absolutista de la verdad y que nos constriñe a instalarnos en alguno de sus términos. La constante aparición del nexo entre los problemas antropológicos más (...)
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  4. PSR and Probabilities.Alexander Pruss - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 10.
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  5. Hume and Reason.Marco Antonio Frangiotti - 2000 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 4 (2):277-304.
    In this article I challenge the current view that Hume is a naturalist as well as a sceptic. I hold he is a peculiar kind of rationalist. I argue that his position is best viewed as a philosophical approach designed to accommodate the tendencies of human nature. This task is carried out by means of a second order reflection, which turns out to be based upon reason of a non demonstrative kind. It is brought into clear focus when the mind (...)
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  6. A PHILOSOPHICAL ENQUIRY INTO THE SCANDAL OF EVIL AND SUFFERING.Edvard Kristian Foshaugen - 2004 - Baptist SA (x):x.
    This paper will explore some of the issues and arguments and offer some critical reflection on the ideas and ways that people have proposed to overcome or uphold the dilemma or conflict between the existence of the God of classical theism and evil and the consequence of evil - suffering. I seek explanation of the plain fact of evil and suffering but I do not seek it in the arrogant belief that I can explain evil away. My Christian faith is (...)
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  7. The Coherence of Empiricism.Albert Casullo - 2000 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (1):31-48.
    Rationalists often argue that empiricism is incoherent and conclude, on that basis, that some knowledge is a priori. I contend that such arguments against empiricism cannot be parlayed into an argument in support of the a priori since rationalism is open to the same arguments. I go on to offer an alternative strategy. The leading idea is that, instead of offering a priori arguments against empiricism, rationalists should marshal empirical support for their position.
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  8. The Possibility of Rationalism in Ethics.John Laird - 1929 - Journal of Philosophical Studies 4 (13):50-63.
    An ethic is rational if it can justify itself rationally—that is to say, if there is a “why” and a “wherefore” in it amenable to reflection, and underivative. An ethic, on the other hand, is irrational if reason and reflection are irrelevant to it, or if, being relevant, they are fundamentally subordinate, and are only the lackeys of a governing consideration which is either irrational or non-rational. The intention of this lecture is to explore the possibilities of rationalism in ethics, (...)
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  9. Ontology, Understanding, and the A Priori.Ernest Sosa - 2003 - Ratio 16 (2):178-188.
    How might one explain the reliability of one's a priori beliefs? What if anything is implied about the ontology of a certain realm of knowledge by the possibility of explaining one's reliability about that realm? Very little, or so it is argued here.
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  10. Review of A Priori Justification.J. Pust - 2005 - Mind 114 (453):124-128.
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  11. Renascent Rationalism. [REVIEW]E. D. R. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (1):137-138.
    This volume is a revival and updating of the rationalism initiated by the Cartesian cogito. Even the four main divisions of the work give evidence of this: Perception, the Real World, Real Mind, and the Suprarational. The order of treatment is not identical in every respect with that of Descartes, but the four main themes are indubitably Cartesian. While the protagonist is Descartes, the antagonist to whom this volume is consciously addressed is the empiricist and the positivist. Professor Robinson seems (...)
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  12. An Empiricist Reassessment of Gewirth’s Rationalism.Margaret Ayotte Levvis - 1997 - Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (2):141-152.
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  13. Comments on Plantinga’s Two-Volume Work on Warrant.Carl Ginet - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):403-408.
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  14. Rationalism, Realism, and Relativism: Perspectives in Contemporary Moral Epistemology. [REVIEW]William J. Mohan - 1993 - International Studies in Philosophy 25 (3):100-101.
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  15. New Essays on the Rationalists. [REVIEW]James S. Macdonald Jr - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):629-631.
    As the title suggests, this is a volume of eighteen recent essays on Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz. The idea for this compilation arose out of Jonathan Bennett’s 1995 National Endowment for the Humanities Seminar on Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz. The authors, many of whom were involved in that seminar, worked together to create this kind of loose dialogue. While each essay stands by itself, several of the works in the volume show evidence of the influence of the other authors. As (...)
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  16. Epistemological Perspectives in Late Antiquity – A Dialog Between Rationalism and Empiricism in the Scientific Writings.Adrian Muraru - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (2):309-321.
    Given the particular character of Ancient Literature, I considered it useful to approach the issue from the perspective of the Philosophy of Science: Epistemologyand the Philosophy of Science stem from the same source, and this aspect is all the more patent for Antiquity. In fact, the two perspectives that I mentioned in the subtitle, Empiricism and Rationalism, both represent epistemological choices and approaches specific to the Sciences, as well as to the Philosophy of Science, in the manner that they were (...)
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  17. "In Defense of Pure Reason: A Rationalist Account of A Priori Justification" by Laurence BonJour. [REVIEW]Tim Crane - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):502-6.
    Laurence BonJour divides approaches to a priori justification into three kinds. Quine’s radical empiricism denies the existence of any special category of a priori justification; moderate empiricism attempts to explain a priori justification in terms of something like knowledge of meaning or grasp of concepts; and rationalism postulates an irreducible ‘rational insight’ into the nature of reality. The positions therefore form a familiar trio of eliminativism, reductionism and anti-reductionism concerning a priori justification. BonJour’s interesting and (in the present philosophical climate) (...)
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  18. The Limits of Aesthetic Empiricism.Fabian Dorsch - 2014 - In Gregory Currie, Matthew Kieran, Aaron Meskin & Jon Robson (eds.), Aesthetics and the Sciences of Mind. Oxford University Press. pp. 75-100.
    In this chapter, I argue against empiricist positions which claim that empirical evidence can be sufficient to defeasibly justify aesthetic judgements, or judgements about the adequacy of aesthetic judgements, or sceptical judgements about someone's capacity to form adequate aesthetic judgements. First, empirical evidence provides neither inferential, nor non-inferential justification for aesthetic opinions. Second, while empirical evidence may tell us how we do respond aesthetically to artworks, it cannot tell us how we should respond to them. And, third, empirical insights into (...)
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  19. No Dilemma for Pancritical Rationalism: In Response to Hauptli.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):490-494.
    Hauptli presents a putative dilemma for Bartley’s pancritical rationalism that has remained unchallenged. This note sets the record straight by exposing two lacunae in Hauptli’s argument.
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  20. A Priori Skepticism.James R. Beebe - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (3):583-602.
    In this article I investigate a neglected form of radical skepticism that questions whether any of our logical, mathematical and other seemingly self-evident beliefs count as knowledge. ‘A priori skepticism,’ as I will call it, challenges our ability to know any of the following sorts of propositions: (1.1) The sum of two and three is five. (1.2) Whatever is square is rectangular. (1.3) Whatever is red is colored. (1.4) No surface can be uniformly red and uniformly blue at the same (...)
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  21. The a Priori Defended: A Defense of the Generality Argument.Joshua C. Thurow - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 146 (2):273-289.
    One of Laurence BonJour’s main arguments for the existence of the a priori is an argument that a priori justification is indispensable for making inferences from experience to conclusions that go beyond experience. This argument has recently come under heavy fire from Albert Casullo, who has dubbed BonJour’s argument, “The Generality Argument.” In this paper I (i) defend the Generality Argument against Casullo’s criticisms, and (ii) develop a new, more plausible, version of the Generality Argument in response to some other (...)
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  22. Bonjour’s Arguments Against Skepticism About the A Priori.James R. Beebe - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 137 (2):243-267.
    I reconstruct and critique two arguments Laurence BonJour has recently offered against skepticism about the a priori. While the arguments may provide anti-skeptical, internalist foundationalists with reason to accept the a priori, I show that neither argument provides sufficient reason for believing the more general conclusion that there is no rational alternative to accepting the a priori.
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  23. Two Kinds of a Priori Infallibility.Glen Hoffmann - 2011 - Synthese 181 (2):241-253.
    On rationalist infallibilism, a wide range of both (i) analytic and (ii) synthetic a priori propositions can be infallibly justified (or absolutely warranted), i.e., justified to a degree that entails their truth and precludes their falsity. Though rationalist infallibilism is indisputably running its course, adherence to at least one of the two species of infallible a priori justification refuses to disappear from mainstream epistemology. Among others, Putnam (1978) still professes the a priori infallibility of some category (i) propositions, while Burge (...)
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  24. Reason in Human Affairs.Herbert Simon - 1983 - Stanford University Press.
    What can reason do for us and what can't it do? This is the question examined by Herbert A. Simon, who received the 1978 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his pioneering work on decision-making processes in economic organizations." The ability to apply reason to the choice of actions is supposed to be one of the defining characteristics of our species. In the first two chapters, the author explores the nature and limits of human reason, comparing and evaluating the major (...)
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  25. Understanding Rationalism.Charlie Huenemann - 2008 - Routledge.
    The three great historical philosophers most often associated with rationalism - Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz - opened up ingenious and breathtaking vistas upon the world. Yet their works are so difficult that readers often find themselves stymied. "Understanding Rationalism" offers a guide for anyone approaching these thinkers for the first time.With clear explanations, elegant examples and insightful summaries, "Understanding Rationalism" unlocks their intricate metaphysical systems, which are by turns surprising, compelling and sometimes bizarre. It also lays out their controversial stances (...)
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  26. Pragmatic Liberalism and the Critique of Modernity.Gary Gutting - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book Gary Gutting offers a powerful account of the nature of human reason in modern times. The fundamental question addressed by the book is what authority human reason can still claim once it is acknowledged that our fundamental metaphysical and religious pictures of the world no longer command allegiance. If ethics and science remain sources of authority what is the basis of that authority? Gutting develops answers to these questions through critical analysis of the work of three dominant (...)
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  27. Constructing the World. [REVIEW]Silvia Jonas - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (257):651-655.
  28. A Companion to Rationalism.Alan Nelson (ed.) - 2005 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This book is a wide-ranging examination of rationalist thought in philosophy from ancient times to the present day. Written by a superbly qualified cast of philosophers Critically analyses the concept of rationalism Focuses principally on the golden age of rationalism in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries Also covers ancient rationalism, nineteenth-century rationalism, and rationalist themes in recent thought Organised chronologically Various philosophical methods and viewpoints are represented.
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  29. Rational Existence.Charles William Whitaker - 2000
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  30. Rationalism V. Constructionism a Skeptical View.James D. Fearon & Alexander Wendt - 2002
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  31. Empiricism and Current Linguistic Theory.Thomas Eugene Wood - 1975 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
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  32. The Realm of Reason. [REVIEW]Julian Fink - 2005 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 8.
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  33. Why I Am a Rationalist, Books Which Influenced Me.Rationalist Press Association - 1942 - Watts & Co.
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  34. Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism: Rethinking Philosophical Method.Eugen Fischer & John Collins (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding collection brings together leading proponents of this new meta-philosophical naturalism, from within and beyond experimental philosophy. They explore how the empirical study of philosophically (...)
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  35. Aproximaciones a la epistemología francesa.Pedro Karczmarczyk, Gassmann Carlos, Acosta Jazmín Anahí, Rivera Silvia, Cuervo Sola Manuel, Torrano Andrea & Abeijón Matías - 2013 - In Karczmarczyk Pedro (ed.), Estudios de Epistemología. Instituto de epistemología, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. pp. 1-164.
    Aproximaciones a la escuela francesa de epistemología Los problemas que dominan a la epistemología pueden contextualizarse históricamente como una forma de racionalidad filosófica. La filosofía se ha presentado a lo largo de la historia como un discurso en el que sus diversos componentes (metafísica, ontología, gnoseología, ética, lógica, etc.) se mostraron unidos en el molde de la ?unidad del saber?. En este marco unitario alguna de las formas del saber filosófico detenta usualmente una posición dominante. El énfasis colocado en la (...)
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  36. Ethical Rationalism of Juvalta, Erminio and its Limits.G. Pontara - 1986 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 41 (3):513-541.
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  37. Aristotle's Rationalism.Michael Frede - 1996 - In Michael Frede & Gisela Striker (eds.), Rationality in Greek Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 157--173.
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  38. Roger Trigg, Philosophy Matters (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002). [REVIEW]Michael Lacewing - 2003 - Think 1 (3):107-111.
    The fundamental premise of Trigg's book is that philosophy is an irreplaceable discipline, and Trigg seeks to defend it from the Scylla of scientism and the Charibdis of relativism. His bold tone will engage many readers in the challenges he discusses.
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  39. Rationalität --Placebo der Wahrheit: 2.Mario Vötsch, Kasra Seirafi & Christian Seewald (eds.) - 2006 - Lang.
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  40. Contingency and Judgement in Oakeshott's Political Thought.Bruce Haddock - 2005 - European Journal of Political Theory 4 (1):7-21.
    The article focuses on Oakeshott’s attempt to maintain a categorial distinction between political philosophy and normative prescription. It accepts the thrust of Oakeshott’s argument against rationalism in politics, but contends that the residual normative dimension in Oakeshott’s thinking should not be dismissed as philosophically irrelevant. The article takes seriously the practical demands made on agents in difficult circumstances. It focuses specifically on what may be said to be going on when we ‘pursue intimations’. By concentrating on what Oakeshott actually does (...)
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  41. The Rules of Thought.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa & Benjamin W. Jarvis - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Ichikawa and Jarvis offer a new rationalist theory of mental content and defend a traditional epistemology of philosophy. They argue that philosophical inquiry is continuous with non-philosophical inquiry, and can be genuinely a priori, and that intuitions do not play an important role in mental content or the a priori.
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  42. Li Xing: Chuan Tong Yu Chong Jian = Lixing Chuantong Yu Chongjian.Bing Wen - 2004 - Dang Dai Zhongguo Chu Ban She.
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  43. Dare Ragioni: Un'introduzione Logico-Filosofica Al Problema Della Razionalità.Luigi Tarca - 2004 - Cafoscarina.
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  44. Realismo, Illuminismo Ed Ermeneutica: Percorsi Della Ricerca Filosofica Attuale: Atti Del Primo Seminario Salentino di Filosofia Problemi Aperti Del Pensiero Contemporaneo.Fabio Minazzi & Demetrio Ria (eds.) - 2004 - F. Angeli.
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  45. Tr̥tīẏa Naẏana.Sudhānśu Śekhara Dhaḍā - 2005 - Prāptisthāna, Oḍiśā Hetubādī Samāja.
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  46. Oblicza Racjonalności.Zbigniew Ambrożewicz (ed.) - 2000 - Uniwersytet Opolski.
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  47. Rationalität --Placebo der Wahrheit: 2. Symposium der Philosophischen Akademie.Mario Vötsch, Kasra Seirafi & Christian Seewald (eds.) - 2006 - Lang.
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  48. Pōṣṭuceyani Uttarālu: Ādhyātmika Vāda--Bhautika Vāda Samanvyamu. Gōpīcand - 2006 - [For Copies], Ashok Book Centre.
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  49. Problema Rat͡sionalʹnosti.V. F. Vasilʹev - 2006 - I͡aroslavskiĭ Gos. Universitet.
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  50. Crítica a la Razón En la Filosofía Del Siglo Xx.Suárez Molano & José Olimpo - 2006 - Instituto de Filosofía, Universidad de Antioquia, Editorial Universidad de Antioquia.
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