About this topic
Summary "Realism" comes in many philosophical guises. One sort of realism concerns whether certain entities exist, or whether they exist independent of our minds. Realism in this metaphysical sense arises for numerous subject matters: everyday material objects, concepts, universals, mathematical objects, moral values, unobservable theoretical entities, and so on. Michael Dummett characterizes realism and anti-realism in semantic terms, suggesting that the fundamental issue is not about the existence of entities, but rather about whether statements of some specified class (such as mathematics or ethics) can have an objective truth value, independently of our means of knowing it.
Key works The diversity of realisms is discussed e.g. in Devitt 1991, Miller 2008, and Raatikainen 2014. A good systematic discussion of  realism about the external world as opposed to phenomenalism and idealism can be found in Locke 1967; see also Armstrong 1961. An already classic collection of articles for and against realism about unobservable theoretical entities, i.e. "scientific realism", is Leplin 1984. An influential recent defense is Psillos 1999; see also Devitt 1991. The realism/antirealism issue was recasted in semantic terms in Dummett 1978, 1993; see also Wright 1993Miller 2006 and Shieh 1998 are useful discussions. Devitt 1983 is a well-known critique of the Dummettian anti-realism.  
Introductions On the variety of realisms: Miller 2008; on scientific realism: Chakravartty 2013, Devitt 2005; on semantic realism and anti-realism: Miller 2006.
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  1. Il Realismo Integrale di M. Blondel. [REVIEW]R. A. - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):360-360.
  2. A " Rip Van Winkle Hypothesis " to Resolve the Realism - Antirealism Debate.Dr Afsar Abbas - manuscript
    The intensity of debate between the realists and antirealists shows no sign of abating. Here a new hypothesis is proposed to resolve the issue. The requirement of consistency and continuity are built-in in the methodology of this hypothesis. This new hypothesis supports realism.
  3. Empirical Realism Kant's Contribution to the Realist/Anti-Realist Debate.Paul Abela - 1993
  4. Realism and Relativism in Modern Physics.Claes Åberg - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):41 - 61.
    The standpoint of realism has been widely used to argue in favour of, or against, particular physical theories. An analysis is made of the adequacy of such arguments, taking an argument by Einstein as a starting point.Some reflexions are given on relativism and invariance. Invariances can be seen as generators of both regularity and paradox in physics.
  5. ¿Qué Es El Realismo Socialista? AbramTerz - 1966 - Convivium 22:73-105.
  6. Origins of Objectivity.Juan José Acero - 2011 - Theoria 26 (3):373-376.
  7. Realism an Attempt to Trace its Origin and Development in its Chief Representatives.Saiyid Zafar Al-Hasan - 1928 - The University Press.
  8. Anti-Realism: Fundamentally Flawed and Inescapably Incoherent.Laith Al-Shawaf - forthcoming - Think.
  9. Making Something of Something.Virgil C. Aldrich - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (2):303 - 317.
  10. Metaphysics: The Elements. By Bruce Aune.Keith Algozin - 1989 - Modern Schoolman 66 (2):153-155.
  11. Realism, Anti-Realism, and Absolute Idealism.James W. Allard - 2007 - In R. E. Auxier & L. E. Hahn (eds.), The Philosophy of Michael Dummett. Open Court. pp. 31--127.
  12. Realism with a Human Face.Barry Allen - 1994 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):665-688.
  13. Produktiver Schein. Phänomenotechnik zwischen Wissenschaft und Ästhetik.Emmanuel Alloa - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft 60 (2):169-182.
    The notion of ‘phenomenotechnique’ which Gaston Bachelard introduced in the 1930’s has enjoyed popularity among historians of science who used it in order to insist upon the technical and social mediateness of scientific facts. In the wake of the current triumphal return to epistemological ‘realism,’ the idea of phenomenotechnique has been dismissed as an alleged relic of ‘constructivism.’ The article advocates for a different reading of ‘phenomenotechnique,’ which, rather than insisting on the fabrication of the scientific fact, highlights the intrinsic (...)
  14. Fallibilism, Coherence and Realism.Robert Almeder - 1986 - Synthese 68 (2):213 - 223.
  15. Logic is Metaphysics.Daniel Durante Pereira Alves - 2011 - Principia 15 (1):31-42.
    Analisando alguns aspectos das posições de dois filósofos cujas abordagens são reconhecidamente divergentes, W. O. Quine e M. Dummett, pretendemos sustentar um contundente ponto de acordo entre eles: a ideia de que nossos princípios lógicos constituem nossos princípios sobre o que há, e portanto, que lógica é metafísica. DOI: 10.5007/1808-1711.2011v15n1p3.
  16. The Realism-Idealism Debate: Theoretical and Practical.David Leech Anderson - 1987 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    The thesis of this dissertation is that "the realism-idealism debate" is both a theoretical and a practical dispute. The practical dimension has been largely ignored because the deficiencies in the theoretical positions have gone unnoticed. As theoretical doctrines, realism and idealism are best interpreted as semantic theories specifying the conditions in virtue of which our statements are true and false. As semantic doctrines, however, both realism and idealism are false. Neither semantic theory is consistent with other philosophical positions to which (...)
  17. Realism Versus Relativism in Ethics.John Anderson - 1933 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 11 (1):1-11.
  18. Realism and Some of its Critics.John Anderson - 1930 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):113 – 134.
  19. Realism and Some of its Critics.John Anderson - 1930 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 8 (2):113-134.
  20. The Knower and the Known.John Anderson - 1926 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 27:61 - 84.
  21. Global Anti-Realism a Metaphilosophical Inquiry.ANDREW JOSEPH CORTENS - 2000 - Westview.
  22. God in the Act of Reference Debating Religious Realism and Non-Realism.Erica Appelros - 2002
  23. An Argument Against Anti-Realist Semantics.Anthony Appiah - 1984 - Mind 93 (372):559-565.
  24. Anti-Realism Unrealised.Anthony Appiah - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):85-103.
  25. Representations and Realism.Anthony Appiah & Michael Devitt - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 61 (1-2):65 - 74.
  26. Relativism, Translation, and the Metaphysics of Realism.Aristidis Arageorgis - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (3):659-680.
    Thoroughgoing relativists typically dismiss the realist conviction that competing theories describe just one definite and mind-independent world-structure on the grounds that such theories fail to be relatively translatable even though they are equally correct. This line of argument allegedly brings relativism into direct conflict with the metaphysics of realism. I argue that this relativist line of reasoning is shaky by deriving a theorem about relativistic inquiry in formal epistemology—more specifically, in the approach Kevin Kelly has dubbed “logic of reliable inquiry”. (...)
  27. Yes to Realism! No to Non-Naturalism!Ulysses T. Araña - 2009 - Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):98.
  28. Reply to Van Fraassen.D. M. Armstrong - 1988 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (2):224 – 229.
  29. Rationalism, Realism and Relativism.Robert L. Arrington - 1991 - Mind 100 (1):137-139.
  30. Epistemological Realism.W. Artus - 1986 - Studia Lulliana 26 (2):129-141.
  31. Ramon Lull's Epistemological Realism.Ww Artus - 1986 - Studia Lulliana 26 (75):129-141.
  32. Realism Versus the Constitution.Max Ascoli - forthcoming - Social Research.
  33. Realidad y verdad: base metafísica y base noológica del inconformismo epistemológico de un investigador.Fermín Muñoz Atalaya - 2009 - Cuadernos Salmantinos de Filosofía 36:95-102.
  34. Truth and Realism: Remarks at St Andrews.Ontological Attitude - 2006 - In Patrick Greenough & Michael P. Lynch (eds.), Truth and Realism. Oxford University Press. pp. 239.
  35. Realism, Rationality, and Philosophical Method.Robert Audi - 1987 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 61 (1):65 - 74.
  36. What is Realism?Michael Ayers & Paul Snowdon - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 102 (1):293-320.
    A scholastic-Cartesian schema faithfully maps ordinary, effective ways of dealing with intentionality; yet its apparent incoherence provokes philosophers into opting for one of two stances, 'Cartesian' or 'direct realist', seemingly incompatible, yet each seem in accord with ordinary thought. A wide range of canonical and current theories, realist, idealist and hybrid, essentially involve one option or the other. We should instead consider why the language of intentionality, with its apparent anomalies, works so well. Released from the obligation to opt for (...)
  37. The Nature of Realism in Grimmelshausen's Simplicissimus Cycle of Novels.R. P. T. Aylett - 1982
  38. Realism.R. J. B. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):747-747.
  39. Can Realists Know That They Know?Murat Baç - 2004 - Acta Analytica 19 (32):65-90.
    Realists typically suppose that nonepistemic truth is an independent condition on propositional knowledge. Few philosophers, however, have seriously questioned the meta-epistemic consequences of combining alethic and epistemic variants of realism. In this paper I aim to show that the truth condition in the customary definition of knowledge presents an important problem for the realist at higher epistemic levels. According to my argument, traditional epistemic-logical analyses of metaknowledge fail because of their extensionalism and certain presuppositions they have about the satisfaction of (...)
  40. Is Realism Really Bad for You? A Realistic Response Neera K. Badhwar 25th November, 2007.Neera Badhwar - unknown
    I. Introduction 1.1 Realism about oneself and one’s circumstances has long been regarded as a hallmark of mental health and authentic happiness by philosophers and psychologists. It has also long invited skepticism from some quarters. Recently, this skepticism has found new support in the work of some social psychologists, who claim that far from being essential for mental health or happiness, realism can be bad for you. Certain positive illusions about yourself, they say, are more conducive to health and happiness (...)
  41. Ii.—Professor Laurie's Natural Realism. Baillie - 1908 - Mind 17 (4):475-492.
  42. Professor Laurie's Natural Realism, II.J. B. Baillie - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19:97.
  43. Ii.—Professor Laurie's Natural Realism.J. B. Baillie - 1909 - Mind 18 (1):184-207.
  44. Professor Laurie's Natural Realism.J. B. Baillie - 1909 - Mind 18 (70):184 - 207.
  45. Prof. Laurie's Natural Realism; II. The Ontology of Natural Realism.J. B. Baillie - 1909 - Mind 18:184.
  46. Realism and Respect.Kent Baldner - unknown
  47. Symposium: Unanswerable Questions.Renford Bambrough & Rush Rhees - 1966 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 40:151 - 186.
  48. A Via Media Kantiana No Debate Entre Realismo E Anti-Realismo Cientifico.E. Barra & C. Menezes E. Silva - 1998 - Critica 11:289-326.
  49. A Defect in the Argument for Realism.George A. Barrow - 1919 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (13):337-347.
  50. Radical Realism.Michael Baur - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (2):379-380.
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