About this topic
Summary "Realism" comes in many philosophical guises. One sort of realism concerns whether certain entities exist, or whether they exist independent of our minds. Realism in this metaphysical sense arises for numerous subject matters: everyday material objects, concepts, universals, mathematical objects, moral values, unobservable theoretical entities, and so on. Michael Dummett characterizes realism and anti-realism in semantic terms, suggesting that the fundamental issue is not about the existence of entities, but rather about whether statements of some specified class (such as mathematics or ethics) can have an objective truth value, independently of our means of knowing it.
Key works The diversity of realisms is discussed e.g. in Devitt 1991, Miller 2008, and Raatikainen 2014. A good systematic discussion of  realism about the external world as opposed to phenomenalism and idealism can be found in Locke 1967; see also Armstrong 1961. An already classic collection of articles for and against realism about unobservable theoretical entities, i.e. "scientific realism", is Leplin 1984. An influential recent defense is Psillos 1999; see also Devitt 1991. The realism/antirealism issue was recasted in semantic terms in Dummett 1978, 1993; see also Wright 1993Miller 2006 and Shieh 1998 are useful discussions. Devitt 1983 is a well-known critique of the Dummettian anti-realism.  
Introductions On the variety of realisms: Miller 2008; on scientific realism: Chakravartty 2013, Devitt 2005; on semantic realism and anti-realism: Miller 2006.
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:History/traditions: Realism and Anti-Realism
1470 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 1470
Material to categorize
  1. Dr Afsar Abbas, A " Rip Van Winkle Hypothesis " to Resolve the Realism - Antirealism Debate.
    The intensity of debate between the realists and antirealists shows no sign of abating. Here a new hypothesis is proposed to resolve the issue. The requirement of consistency and continuity are built-in in the methodology of this hypothesis. This new hypothesis supports realism.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Paul Abela (1993). Empirical Realism Kant's Contribution to the Realist/Anti-Realist Debate.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Claes Åberg (1991). Realism and Relativism in Modern Physics. Synthese 89 (1):41 - 61.
    The standpoint of realism has been widely used to argue in favour of, or against, particular physical theories. An analysis is made of the adequacy of such arguments, taking an argument by Einstein as a starting point.Some reflexions are given on relativism and invariance. Invariances can be seen as generators of both regularity and paradox in physics.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Juan José Acero (2011). Origins of Objectivity. Theoria 26 (3):373-376.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Saiyid Zafar Al-Hasan (1928). Realism an Attempt to Trace its Origin and Development in its Chief Representatives. The University Press.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Virgil C. Aldrich (1982). Making Something of Something. Review of Metaphysics 36 (2):303 - 317.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Samuel Alexander (1914). The Basis of Realism. [Oxford University Press].
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  8. Keith Algozin (1989). Metaphysics: The Elements. By Bruce Aune. Modern Schoolman 66 (2):153-155.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. Barry Allen (1994). Realism with a Human Face. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):665-688.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Emmanuel Alloa (2015). Produktiver Schein. Phänomenotechnik zwischen Wissenschaft und Ästhetik. Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft 60 (2):169-182.
    The notion of ‘phenomenotechnique’ which Gaston Bachelard introduced in the 1930’s has enjoyed popularity among historians of science who used it in order to insist upon the technical and social mediateness of scientific facts. In the wake of the current triumphal return to epistemological ‘realism,’ the idea of phenomenotechnique has been dismissed as an alleged relic of ‘constructivism.’ The article advocates for a different reading of ‘phenomenotechnique,’ which, rather than insisting on the fabrication of the scientific fact, highlights the intrinsic (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Daniel Durante Pereira Alves (2011). Logic is Metaphysics. Principia 15 (1):31-42.
    Analisando alguns aspectos das posições de dois filósofos cujas abordagens são reconhecidamente divergentes, W. O. Quine e M. Dummett, pretendemos sustentar um contundente ponto de acordo entre eles: a ideia de que nossos princípios lógicos constituem nossos princípios sobre o que há, e portanto, que lógica é metafísica. DOI: 10.5007/1808-1711.2011v15n1p3.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. David Leech Anderson (1987). The Realism-Idealism Debate: Theoretical and Practical. Dissertation, Harvard University
    The thesis of this dissertation is that "the realism-idealism debate" is both a theoretical and a practical dispute. The practical dimension has been largely ignored because the deficiencies in the theoretical positions have gone unnoticed. As theoretical doctrines, realism and idealism are best interpreted as semantic theories specifying the conditions in virtue of which our statements are true and false. As semantic doctrines, however, both realism and idealism are false. Neither semantic theory is consistent with other philosophical positions to which (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. John Anderson (1933). Realism Versus Relativism in Ethics. Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 11 (1):1-11.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. John Anderson (1930). Realism and Some of its Critics. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):113 – 134.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. John Anderson (1930). Realism and Some of its Critics. Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 8 (2):113-134.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. John Anderson (1926). The Knower and the Known. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 27:61 - 84.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Anthony Appiah (1984). An Argument Against Anti-Realist Semantics. Mind 93 (372):559-565.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Anthony Appiah (1984). Anti-Realism Unrealised. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):85-103.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19. Anthony Appiah & Michael Devitt (1991). Representations and Realism. Philosophical Studies 61 (1-2):65 - 74.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Aristidis Arageorgis (forthcoming). Relativism, Translation, and the Metaphysics of Realism. Philosophical Studies:1-22.
    Thoroughgoing relativists typically dismiss the realist conviction that competing theories describe just one definite and mind-independent world-structure on the grounds that such theories fail to be relatively translatable even though they are equally correct. This line of argument allegedly brings relativism into direct conflict with the metaphysics of realism. I argue that this relativist line of reasoning is shaky by deriving a theorem about relativistic inquiry in formal epistemology—more specifically, in the approach Kevin Kelly has dubbed “logic of reliable inquiry”. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Ulysses T. Araña (2009). Yes to Realism! No to Non-Naturalism! Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):98.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. D. M. Armstrong (1988). Reply to Van Fraassen. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (2):224 – 229.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  23. Robert L. Arrington (1991). Rationalism, Realism and Relativism. Mind 100 (1):137-139.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  24. Max Ascoli (forthcoming). Realism Versus the Constitution. Social Research.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Fermín Muñoz Atalaya (2009). Realidad y verdad: base metafísica y base noológica del inconformismo epistemológico de un investigador. Cuadernos Salmantinos de Filosofía 36:95-102.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. R. P. T. Aylett (1982). The Nature of Realism in Grimmelshausen's Simplicissimus Cycle of Novels.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. R. J. B. (1968). Realism. Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):747-747.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. M. Baç (2011). The Controversy Over Res in Philosophy of Science and the Mysteries of Ontological Neutrality. Filozofia 66:141-153.
    Clarification of the terms ‘realism’ and ‘antirealism’ has always been a challenging task for philosophers of science, epistemologists, and metaphysicians. The first part of my paper offers a certain classification and critical exposition of realisms in philosophy of science. Next, I take up the issue of finding a middle or natural ground between realism and antirealism. Arthur Fine’s Natural Ontological Attitude is ge- nerally considered as a highly interesting and promising attempt at combining the strengths of the two sides of (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Murat Baç (2004). Can Realists Know That They Know? Acta Analytica 19 (32):65-90.
    Realists typically suppose that nonepistemic truth is an independent condition on propositional knowledge. Few philosophers, however, have seriously questioned the meta-epistemic consequences of combining alethic and epistemic variants of realism. In this paper I aim to show that the truth condition in the customary definition of knowledge presents an important problem for the realist at higher epistemic levels. According to my argument, traditional epistemic-logical analyses of metaknowledge fail because of their extensionalism and certain presuppositions they have about the satisfaction of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Neera Badhwar, Is Realism Really Bad for You? A Realistic Response Neera K. Badhwar 25th November, 2007.
    I. Introduction 1.1 Realism about oneself and one’s circumstances has long been regarded as a hallmark of mental health and authentic happiness by philosophers and psychologists. It has also long invited skepticism from some quarters. Recently, this skepticism has found new support in the work of some social psychologists, who claim that far from being essential for mental health or happiness, realism can be bad for you. Certain positive illusions about yourself, they say, are more conducive to health and happiness (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Baillie (1908). Ii.—Professor Laurie's Natural Realism. Mind 17 (4):475-492.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. J. B. Baillie (1909). Ii.—Professor Laurie's Natural Realism. Mind 18 (1):184-207.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. J. B. Baillie (1909). Professor Laurie's Natural Realism. Mind 18 (70):184 - 207.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. J. B. Baillie (1909). Prof. Laurie's Natural Realism; II. The Ontology of Natural Realism. Mind 18:184.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Renford Bambrough & Rush Rhees (1966). Symposium: Unanswerable Questions. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 40:151 - 186.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. George A. Barrow (1919). A Defect in the Argument for Realism. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (13):337-347.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. Michael Baur (1993). Radical Realism. Review of Metaphysics 47 (2):379-380.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. Charles A. Baylis (1963). A Criticism of Lovejoy's Case for Epistemological Dualism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (4):527-537.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. John Marshall Bellwoar (1997). A Realist Theory of Understanding. Dissertation, Brown University
    Realist theories of explanation in the analytic tradition have generally ignored the epistemic side of explanation, namely, understanding. The project I pursue in this dissertation is formulating a theory of understanding that fits with most realist approaches to explanation. One of the main motivations for pursuing such a project is to determine whether and how the explanatory virtues--the characteristics of simplicity, unity, scope, etc.--can be fit with the general realist program. After presenting and arguing for my account of understanding, I (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. John Bengson (forthcoming). Grasping the Third Realm. Oxford Studies in Epistemology 5.
    Some things we can know just by thinking about them: for example, that identity is transitive, that Gettier’s Smith does not know that the man who will get the job has ten coins in his pockets, that the ratio between two and six holds also between one and three, that it is wrong to wantonly torture innocent sentient beings, and various other things that simply strikeus, intuitively, as true when we consider them. The question is how : how can we (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  41. Ted Benton (2004). 16 Realism About the Value of Nature? In Andrew Collier, Margaret Scotford Archer & William Outhwaite (eds.), Defending Objectivity: Essays in Honour of Andrew Collier. Routledge. pp. 239.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42. George Berger (1976). Realism and Complex Entities. Philosophical Studies 30 (2):95 - 103.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  43. Roy Bhaskar (2004). 1 A Considerable Realist. In Andrew Collier, Margaret Scotford Archer & William Outhwaite (eds.), Defending Objectivity: Essays in Honour of Andrew Collier. Routledge. pp. 1.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Akeel Bilgrami (2002). Realism and Relativism. Philosophical Issues 12 (1):1-25.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Michel Bitbol (2001). Non-Representationalist Theories of Knowledge and Quantum Mechanics. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):37-61.
    Quantum Mechanics has imposed strain on traditional (dualist and representationalist) epistemological conceptions. An alternative was offered by Bohr and Heisenberg, according to whom natural science does not describe nature, but rather the interplay between nature and ourselves. But this was only a suggestion. In this paper, a systematic development of the Bohr-Heisenberg conception is outlined, by way of a comparison with the modern self-organizational theories of cognition. It is shown that a perfectly consistent non-representationalist (and/or relational) reading of quantum mechanics (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  46. Michel Bitbol (1998). Some Steps Towards a Transcendental Deduction of Quantum Mechanics. Philosophia Naturalis 35:253-280.
    The two major options on which the current debate on the interpretation of quantum mechanics relies, namely realism and empiricism, are far from being exhaustive. There is at least one more position available, which is metaphysically as agnostic as empiricism, but which shares with realism a committment to considering the structure of theories as highly significant. The latter position has been named transcendentalism after Kant. In this paper, a generalized version of Kant's method is used. This yields a reasoning that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  47. Simon Blackburn (2002). Realism: Deconstructing the Debate. Ratio 15 (2):111–133.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  48. Simon Blackburn (1989). Manifesting Realism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):29-47.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49. Simon Blackburn (1980). Truth, Realism, and the Regulation of Theory. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):353-372.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  50. Guido Bonino, Greg Jesson & Javier Cumpa (eds.) (2014). Defending Realism: Ontological and Epistemological Investigations. De Gruyter.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1470