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  1. Metafisica dell'emergenza.Erica Onnis - 2021 - Turin: Rosenberg & Sellier.
    Negli ultimi anni, il richiamo al concetto di emergenza si è fatto sempre più diffuso in molte aree della filosofia e della scienza. Il termine viene usato per riferirsi alla circostanza in cui un sistema (fisico, chimico, biologico, ma anche sociale) manifesta delle proprietà e dei comportamenti che sembrano nuovi rispetto a quelli delle sue parti più semplici. Questo libro si propone di chiarire questo fenomeno, tenendo conto, da un lato, che le discipline coinvolte nel dibattito sono molte, quindi un (...)
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  2. Introducción a la Ontología.Axel Barceló -
    Intuitivamente, la realidad está formada por entidades y hechos existentes y concretos. Sin embargo, nuestro lenguaje y pensamiento versa también sobre hechos meramente posibles, sobre cosas inexistentes y entidades abstractas. ¿Cómo es esto posible? ¿Significa ello que cuando hablamos y pensamos de estas otras cosas no hablamos de nada real? ¿o mas bien la realidad está mas poblada de lo que pensábamos y hay diferentes maneras de formar parte de la realidad además de la de existir de manera positiva y (...)
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  3. Emergence Without Limits: The Case of Phonons.Alexander Franklin & Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64:68-78.
    Recent discussions of emergence in physics have focussed on the use of limiting relations, and often particularly on singular or asymptotic limits. We discuss a putative example of emergence that does not fit into this narrative: the case of phonons. These quasi-particles have some claim to be emergent, not least because the way in which they relate to the underlying crystal is almost precisely analogous to the way in which quantum particles relate to the underlying quantum field theory. But there (...)
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  4. Two Concepts of Reduction: Modal Realism at Risk.William G. Lycan - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (11):693-694.
  5. Reduction or Subtraction: Jean-Luc Marion, Alain Badiou, and the Recuperation of Truth.Adam S. Miller - 2007 - Philosophy Today 51 (Supplement):23-32.
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  6. L’intentionnalité et Ie problème de la réduction de la psychologie.Alexandre Métraux - 1986 - Études Phénoménologiques 2 (4):75-95.
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  7. Ontological Reduction. [REVIEW]Harold Hodes - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (3):439.
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  8. The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation. [REVIEW]Charles E. Caton - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (1):104-106.
  9. La force des dispositifs faibles : la politique de réduction des risques en matière de drogues.Jean-Yves Trépos - 2003 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 1 (1):93-108.
    La conversion de la France à une politique de « réduction des risques » , est généralement interprétée comme l’indice d’un changement de paradigme en matière de toxicomanie. Il est néanmoins possible de la voir comme une forme de réagencement politique du monde des consommations de drogues, visant à définir de nouveaux seuils, les plus bas possibles, pour l’entrée dans des dispositifs de soin et de service. L’examen des visions du monde sur lesquelles reposent ces équipements politiques, en France comme (...)
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  10. Identity-Based Reduction and Reductive Explanation.Raphael van Riel - 2011 - Philosophia Naturalis 48 (1):185-221.
  11. Transcending the Emergence/Reduction Distinction: The Case of Biology.Rom Harré - 2005 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 56:1-2.
    The groups of problems that fall under the titles ‘reduction’ and ‘emergence’ appear at the boundaries of seemingly independent and well-established scientific disciplines, such as chemistry and biology, biology and psychology, biology and political theory, and so on. They arise in this way.
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  12. The Reduction of MoO3at Low Temperatures. II.W. Thöni, P. L. Gai & P. B. Hirsch - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (3):781-786.
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  13. The Reduction of MoO3at Low Temperatures.W. Thöni & P. B. Hirsch - 1976 - Philosophical Magazine 33 (4):639-662.
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  14. Crystallographic Shear and Ordered Reduction of UO2.Hj Matzke & C. Ronchi - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 26 (6):1395-1407.
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  15. The Influence of Fluorides on the Reduction of Permanganate.W. Pugh - 1934 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 22 (1):71-80.
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  16. The Influence of Fluorides on the Reduction of Potassium Permanganate.W. Pugh - 1931 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 20 (1):93-100.
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  17. Reduction of the Number of States and the Acceleration of LMNtal Parallel Model Checking.Ryo Yasuda, Taketo Yoshida & Kazunori Ueda - 2014 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 29 (1):182-187.
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  18. Life Sciences Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. Ed. By Francisco Jose Ayala and Theodosius Dobzhansky. London: Macmillan, 1972. Pp. Xix + 390. £12.00. [REVIEW]Roger Smith - 1976 - British Journal for the History of Science 9 (3):333-334.
  19. Need-Reduction, Drive-Reduction, and Reinforcement: A Neurophysiological View.Joseph Wolpe - 1950 - Psychological Review 57 (1):19-26.
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  20. Levels: Descriptive, Explanatory, and Ontological.Christian List - 2017
    Scientists and philosophers frequently speak about levels of description, levels of explanation, and ontological levels. This paper presents a framework for studying levels. I give a general definition of a system of levels and discuss several applications, some of which refer to descriptive or explanatory levels while others refer to ontological levels. I illustrate the usefulness of this framework by bringing it to bear on some familiar philosophical questions. Is there a hierarchy of levels, with a fundamental level at the (...)
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  21. Models of Reduction.Otávio Bueno - 2009 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 13 (3):269-282.
    . In this paper, I examine three models of reduction. The first, and the most restrictive, is the model developed by Ernest Nagel as part of the logical empiricist program. The second, articulated by Jerry Fodor, is significantly broader, but it seems unable to make sense of a salient feature of scientific practice. The third, and the most lenient, model is developed within Newton da Costa and Steven French’s partial structures approach. I argue that the third model preserves the benefits (...)
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  22. The Problem of Reductionism From a System Theoretical Viewpoint.Walter von Lucadou & Klaus Kornwachs - 1983 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 14 (2):338-349.
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  23. Physical Composition.Richard Healey - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (1):48-62.
    Atomistic metaphysics motivated an explanatory strategy which science has pursued with great success since the scientific revolution. By decomposing matter into its atomic and subatomic parts physics gave us powerful explanations and accurate predictions as well as providing a unifying framework for the rest of science. The success of the decompositional strategy has encouraged a widespread conviction that the physical world forms a compositional hierarchy that physics and other sciences are progressively articulating. But this conviction does not stand up to (...)
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  24. Reduction with Autonomy.Louise M. Antony & Joseph Levine - 1997 - Noûs 31 (S11):83-105.
  25. Complementarity Cannot Resolve the Emergence–Reduction Debate: Reply to Harré.Olivier Massin - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):511-517.
    Rom Harré thinks that the Emergence–Reduction debate, conceived as a vertical problem, is partly ill posed. Even if he doesn’t wholly reject the traditional definition of an emergent property as a property of a collection but not of its components, his point is that this definition doesn’t exhaust all the dimensions of emergence. According to Harré there is another kind (or dimension) of emergence, which we may call—somewhat paradoxically—“horizontal emergence”: two properties of a substance are horizontally emergent relative to each (...)
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  26. Definitions, Explanations and Theories.Michael Scriven - 1958 - In Herbert Feigl, Michael Scriven & Grover Maxwell (eds.), Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 2. University of Minnesota. pp. 99 – 195.
  27. Theory Reduction in Physics: A Model-Based, Dynamical Systems Approach.Joshua Rosaler - unknown
    In 1973, Nickles identified two senses in which the term `reduction' is used to describe the relationship between physical theories: namely, the sense based on Nagel's seminal account of reduction in the sciences, and the sense that seeks to extract one physical theory as a mathematical limit of another. These two approaches have since been the focus of most literature on the subject, as evidenced by recent work of Batterman and Butterfield, among others. In this paper, I discuss a third (...)
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  28. An Ontic Account of Explanatory Reduction in Biology.Marie I. Kaiser - 2012 - Köln: Kölner Hochschulschriften.
    Convincing disputes about explanatory reductionism in the philosophy of biology require a clear and precise understanding of what a reductive explanation in biology is. The central aim of this book is to provide such an account by revealing the features that determine the reductive character of a biological explanation. Chapters I-IV provide the ground, on which I can then, in Chapter V, develop my own account of explanatory reduction in biology: Chapter I reveals the meta-philosophical assumptions that underlie my analysis (...)
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  29. When Is a Mechanistic Explanation Satisfactory? Reductionism and Antireductionism in the Context of Mechanistic Explanations.Tudor Băetu - 2015 - In Iulian D. Toader, Gabriel Sandu & Ilie Pȃrvu (eds.), Romanian Studies in Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag.
  30. CHAPTER 4. Reduction, Reductive Explanation, and Closing the “Gap”.Jaegwon Kim - 2007 - In Physicalism, or Something Near Enough. Princeton University Press. pp. 93-120.
  31. Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction.Michael Byron - 2014 - Disputatio 6 (38):139-145.
    The causal theory of reference (CTR) provides a well-articulated and widely-accepted account of the reference relation. On CTR the reference of a term is fixed by whatever property causally regulates the competent use of that term. CTR poses a metaethical challenge to realists by demanding an account of the properties that regulate the competent use of normative predicates. CTR might pose a challenge to ethical theorists as well. Long argues that CTR entails the falsity of any normative ethical theory. First-order (...)
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  32. The Limits of Reductionism in Biology.Gregory Bock, Jamie Goode, Novartis Foundation & Symposium on the Limits of Reductionism in Biology - 1998
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  33. Reduction in the Abstract Sciences.Daniel A. Bonevac - 1982 - Ridgeview Publishing Company.
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  34. Reductionism and Systems Theory in the Life Sciences: Some Problems and Perspectives.Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Franz M. Wuketits - 1989 - Springer.
    The present volume aims at giving a discussion ot the problems ot reductionism in contemporary life sciences. It contains six papers which deals with reduction/reductionism in different fields ot biological research. Also, the holistic perspective, 1. e. the systems view, is discussed in some ot the papers. The message ot this discussion Is that - whereas reductionism is indeed an important strategy - the systems approach is needed. It is argued by some ot the authors that organisms are complex systems (...)
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  35. Reinhardt Grossmann's "Ontological Reduction". [REVIEW]Eric B. Dayton - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (4):582.
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  36. Reduction in Physics. [REVIEW]Wladyslaw Krajewski - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29:280.
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  37. A Note On Hempel On the Logic of Reduction.F. Wilson - 1982 - International Logic Review 25:17.
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  38. Axiomatic Foundations of Rigid Body Mechanics.Ernest Wilcox Adams - 1956 - Dissertation, Stanford University
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  39. The Reduction of Theories.Philip Alan Ostien - 1972 - Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
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  40. Reduction and Biology.Harmon Robert Holcomb - 1984 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    This study of inter-theoretic reduction and reductionism in biology explores problems logical empiricist approaches face in giving a meaning analysis of reduction, and three real issues in biology involving reductionism: teleology and evolution, levels of organization, and the reduction of Mendelian to molecular genetics. ;It is denied that there is an answer to the logical empiricist question, "What single correct reduction concept is universally and realistically applicable to all science?" The question is unsatisfactory. First, it presupposes that philosophy of science (...)
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  41. Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction.Md Steven Ralston - 2011 - Lahey Clinic Medical Ethics Journal 18 (3):1-7.
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  42. Against Biological Reductionism.Martin Barker - 1980 - Radical Philosophy 25:42.
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  43. From Reduction to Revolution: A Study of Problems of Theory Comparison.William A. Meroney - 1978 - Dissertation, Temple University
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  44. Reduction: Suiting the Concept to Multiple Tasks.John Robert Welch - 1983 - Dissertation, Boston University Graduate School
    That the mental is nothing but the physical, that the macroscopic is nothing but the microscopic, that the prescriptive is nothing but the descriptive--these are standard nothing-but claims, dependably controversial. To really settle whether one of these claims is true or false, what sort of evidence would one have to have? I try to formulate a criterion for culling false nothing-but claims from true by clarifying the concept of ontological reduction. A claim that x is nothing but y is true, (...)
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  45. A Philosophical Analysis of the Concept of Reduction in the Behavioral Sciences.Peter Robinson - 1969 - Dissertation, Boston University Graduate School
  46. GROSSMAN, R. "Ontological Reduction". [REVIEW]R. Gallie - 1977 - Mind 86:624.
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  47. Kim’s Dilemma and Ecological Reductionism for the Mind.Anoop Gupta - 2009 - Lyceum 11 (1).
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  48. On Vowel Reduction in Aramaic.Stephen A. Kaufman - 1984 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (1):87-95.
  49. Inter-Theoretic Reduction in Natural Science.Lawrence Sklar - 1964 - Dissertation, Princeton University
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  50. A Variation on "Reduction Within Reduction": "Interior Extraneity".Armando Rigobello - 1991 - Analecta Husserliana 35:259.
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