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  1. Emergence Without Limits: The Case of Phonons.Alexander Franklin & Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64:68-78.
    Recent discussions of emergence in physics have focussed on the use of limiting relations, and often particularly on singular or asymptotic limits. We discuss a putative example of emergence that does not fit into this narrative: the case of phonons. These quasi-particles have some claim to be emergent, not least because the way in which they relate to the underlying crystal is almost precisely analogous to the way in which quantum particles relate to the underlying quantum field theory. But there (...)
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  2. Critical Notice: Emergence.David Yates - 2018 - Analysis 78 (3):557-562.
    Paul Humphreys’ main aim in this wide-ranging and ambitious book is to defend a novel account of ontological emergence he refers to as transformational emergence. His secondary aims are many: to show how ontological emergence so understood can be usefully seen against the backdrop of a reductionist position he calls generative atomism ; to compare and contrast his preferred position with historical and contemporary alternatives; and to consider a range of scientific cases both as potential examples of ontological emergence and (...)
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  3. Philosophical Issues Concerning Phase Transitions and Anyons: Emergence, Reduction, and Explanatory Fictions.Elay Shech - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-31.
    Various claims regarding intertheoretic reduction, weak and strong notions of emergence, and explanatory fictions have been made in the context of first-order thermodynamic phase transitions. By appealing to John Norton’s recent distinction between approximation and idealization, I argue that the case study of anyons and fractional statistics, which has received little attention in the philosophy of science literature, is more hospitable to such claims. In doing so, I also identify three novel roles that explanatory fictions fulfill in science. Furthermore, I (...)
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  4. Algebra of Theoretical Term Reductions in the Sciences.Dale Jacquette - 2014 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 1 (1): 51-67.
    An elementary algebra identifies conceptual and corresponding applicational limitations in John Kemeny and Paul Oppenheim’s (K-O) 1956 model of theoretical reduction in the sciences. The K-O model was once widely accepted, at least in spirit, but seems afterward to have been discredited, or in any event superceeded. Today, the K-O reduction model is seldom mentioned, except to clarify when a reduction in the Kemeny-Oppenheim sense is not intended. The present essay takes a fresh look at the basic mathematics of K-O (...)
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  5. On the Neurobiological Redefinition of Psychiatric Symptoms: Elimination, Reduction, or What?Maël Lemoine - forthcoming - Synthese:1-17.
    Because biologization of psychiatric constructs does not involve derivation of laws, or reduce the number of entities involved, the traditional term of ‘reduction’ should be replaced. This paper describes biologization in terms of redefinition, which involves changing the definition of terms sharing the same extension. Redefinition obtains through triangulation and calibration, that is, respectively, detection of an object from two different spots, and tweaking parameters of detection in order to optimize the picture. The unity of the different views of the (...)
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  6. 9. Reduction and Reductionism.Mario Bunge - 2004 - In Emergence and Convergence: Qualitative Novelty and the Unity of Knowledge. University of Toronto Press. pp. 129-148.
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  7. § 12. Reduction of the Price.Alastair Mullis & Peter Huber - 2009 - In Alastair Mullis & Peter Huber (eds.), The Cisg: A New Textbook for Students and Practitioners. Sellier de Gruyter.
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  8. Ontological Reduction.Harold Hodes & Reinhardt Grossman - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (3):439.
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  9. La force des dispositifs faibles : la politique de réduction des risques en matière de drogues.Jean-Yves Trépos - 2003 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 114 (1):93.
    La conversion de la France à une politique de « réduction des risques » , est généralement interprétée comme l’indice d’un changement de paradigme en matière de toxicomanie. Il est néanmoins possible de la voir comme une forme de réagencement politique du monde des consommations de drogues, visant à définir de nouveaux seuils, les plus bas possibles, pour l’entrée dans des dispositifs de soin et de service. L’examen des visions du monde sur lesquelles reposent ces équipements politiques, en France comme (...)
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  10. Conservative Reduction of Biology.Christian Sachse - 2011 - Philosophia Naturalis 48 (1):33-65.
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  11. Identity-Based Reduction and Reductive Explanation.Raphael van Riel - 2011 - Philosophia Naturalis 48 (1):185-221.
  12. Two Concepts of Reduction.William G. Lycan - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (11):693-694.
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  13. The Reduction of MoO3at Low Temperatures. II.W. Thöni, P. L. Gai & P. B. Hirsch - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (3):781-786.
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  14. The Reduction of MoO3at Low Temperatures.W. Thöni & P. B. Hirsch - 1976 - Philosophical Magazine 33 (4):639-662.
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  15. Crystallographic Shear and Ordered Reduction of UO2.Hj Matzke & C. Ronchi - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 26 (6):1395-1407.
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  16. The Influence of Fluorides on the Reduction of Permanganate.W. Pugh - 1934 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 22 (1):71-80.
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  17. The Influence of Fluorides on the Reduction of Potassium Permanganate.W. Pugh - 1931 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 20 (1):93-100.
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  18. Reduction of the Number of States and the Acceleration of LMNtal Parallel Model Checking.Ryo Yasuda, Taketo Yoshida & Kazunori Ueda - 2014 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 29 (1):182-187.
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  19. Discussion: Theory and Reductionism.David Krech - 1955 - Psychological Review 62 (3):229-231.
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  20. Need-Reduction, Drive-Reduction, and Reinforcement: A Neurophysiological View.Joseph Wolpe - 1950 - Psychological Review 57 (1):19-26.
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  21. Reduction as an A Posteriori Relation.Joshua Rosaler - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Reduction between theories in physics is often approached as an a priori relation in the sense that reduction is often taken to depend only on a comparison of the mathematical structures of two theories. I argue that such approaches fail to capture one crucial sense of “reduction,” whereby one theory encompasses the set of real behaviors that are well-modeled by the other. Reduction in this sense depends not only on the mathematical structures of the theories, but also on empirical facts (...)
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  22. Levels: Descriptive, Explanatory, and Ontological.Christian List - manuscript
    Scientists and philosophers frequently speak about levels of description, levels of explanation, and ontological levels. This paper presents a framework for studying levels. I give a general definition of a system of levels and discuss several applications, some of which refer to descriptive or explanatory levels while others refer to ontological levels. I illustrate the usefulness of this framework by bringing it to bear on some familiar philosophical questions. Is there a hierarchy of levels, with a fundamental level at the (...)
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  23. Models of Reduction.Otávio Bueno - 2009 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 13 (3):269-282.
    . In this paper, I examine three models of reduction. The first, and the most restrictive, is the model developed by Ernest Nagel as part of the logical empiricist program. The second, articulated by Jerry Fodor, is significantly broader, but it seems unable to make sense of a salient feature of scientific practice. The third, and the most lenient, model is developed within Newton da Costa and Steven French’s partial structures approach. I argue that the third model preserves the benefits (...)
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  24. The Problem of Reductionism From a System Theoretical Viewpoint.Walter von Lucadou & Klaus Kornwachs - 1983 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 14 (2):338-349.
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  25. Physical Composition.Richard Healey - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (1):48-62.
    Atomistic metaphysics motivated an explanatory strategy which science has pursued with great success since the scientific revolution. By decomposing matter into its atomic and subatomic parts physics gave us powerful explanations and accurate predictions as well as providing a unifying framework for the rest of science. The success of the decompositional strategy has encouraged a widespread conviction that the physical world forms a compositional hierarchy that physics and other sciences are progressively articulating. But this conviction does not stand up to (...)
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  26. Ontological Reduction and Molecular Structure.Robin Findlay Hendry - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (2):183-191.
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  27. Effective Field Theories, Reductionism and Scientific Explanation.Stephan Hartmann - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (2):267-304.
    Effective field theories have been a very popular tool in quantum physics for almost two decades. And there are good reasons for this. I will argue that effective field theories share many of the advantages of both fundamental theories and phenomenological models, while avoiding their respective shortcomings. They are, for example, flexible enough to cover a wide range of phenomena, and concrete enough to provide a detailed story of the specific mechanisms at work at a given energy scale. So will (...)
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  28. Reduction and Emergence: A Critique of Kim.Paul Needham - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 146 (1):93-116.
    In a recent critique of the doctrine of emergentism championed by its classic advocates up to C. D. Broad, Jaegwon Kim (Philosophical Studies 63:31–47, 1999) challenges their view about its applicability to the sciences and proposes a new account of how the opposing notion of reduction should be understood. Kim is critical of the classic conception advanced by Nagel and uses his new account in his criticism of emergentism. I question his claims about the successful reduction achieved in the sciences (...)
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  29. Reduction with Autonomy.Louise M. Antony & Joseph Levine - 1997 - Noûs 31 (S11):83-105.
  30. Complementarity Cannot Resolve the Emergence–Reduction Debate: Reply to Harré.Olivier Massin - 2006 - Synthese 151 (3):511-517.
    Rom Harré thinks that the Emergence–Reduction debate, conceived as a vertical problem, is partly ill posed. Even if he doesn’t wholly reject the traditional definition of an emergent property as a property of a collection but not of its components, his point is that this definition doesn’t exhaust all the dimensions of emergence. According to Harré there is another kind (or dimension) of emergence, which we may call—somewhat paradoxically—“horizontal emergence”: two properties of a substance are horizontally emergent relative to each (...)
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  31. Who’s Afraid of Nagelian Reduction?Foad Dizadji-Bahmani, Roman Frigg & Stephan Hartmann - 2010 - Erkenntnis 73 (3):393-412.
    We reconsider the Nagelian theory of reduction and argue that, contrary to a widely held view, it is the right analysis of intertheoretic reduction. The alleged difficulties of the theory either vanish upon closer inspection or turn out to be substantive philosophical questions rather than knock-down arguments.
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  32. Theory Reduction in Physics: A Model-Based, Dynamical Systems Approach.Joshua Rosaler - unknown
    In 1973, Nickles identified two senses in which the term `reduction' is used to describe the relationship between physical theories: namely, the sense based on Nagel's seminal account of reduction in the sciences, and the sense that seeks to extract one physical theory as a mathematical limit of another. These two approaches have since been the focus of most literature on the subject, as evidenced by recent work of Batterman and Butterfield, among others. In this paper, I discuss a third (...)
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  33. An Ontic Account of Explanatory Reduction in Biology.Marie I. Kaiser - unknown
    Convincing disputes about explanatory reductionism in the philosophy of biology require a clear and precise understanding of what a reductive explanation in biology is. The central aim of this book is to provide such an account by revealing the features that determine the reductive character of a biological explanation. Chapters I-IV provide the ground, on which I can then, in Chapter V, develop my own account of explanatory reduction in biology: Chapter I reveals the meta-philosophical assumptions that underlie my analysis (...)
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  34. CHAPTER 4. Reduction, Reductive Explanation, and Closing the “Gap”.Jaegwon Kim - 2007 - In Physicalism, or Something Near Enough. Princeton University Press. pp. 93-120.
  35. Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction.Michael Byron - 2014 - Disputatio 6 (38):139-145.
    The causal theory of reference (CTR) provides a well-articulated and widely-accepted account of the reference relation. On CTR the reference of a term is fixed by whatever property causally regulates the competent use of that term. CTR poses a metaethical challenge to realists by demanding an account of the properties that regulate the competent use of normative predicates. CTR might pose a challenge to ethical theorists as well. Long argues that CTR entails the falsity of any normative ethical theory. First-order (...)
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  36. The Limits of Reductionism in Biology.Gregory Bock, Jamie Goode, Novartis Foundation & Symposium on the Limits of Reductionism in Biology - 1998
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  37. Reduction in the Abstract Sciences.Daniel A. Bonevac - 1982
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  38. Reductionism and Systems Theory in the Life Sciences Some Problems and Perspectives.Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Franz M. Wuketits - 1989
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  39. The Problem Of Reductionism.Nebil Reyhani - unknown - Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 8.
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  40. The Logic and Methodology of Reduction in the Physical and Biological Sciences.Kenneth Francis Schaffner - 1967 - Dissertation, Columbia University
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  41. Reinhardt Grossmann's "Ontological Reduction". [REVIEW]Eric B. Dayton - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (4):582.
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  42. Reduction in Physics. [REVIEW]Wladyslaw Krajewski - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29:280.
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  43. A Note On Hempel On the Logic of Reduction.F. Wilson - 1982 - International Logic Review 25:17.
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  44. Axiomatic Foundations of Rigid Body Mechanics.Ernest Wilcox Adams - 1956 - Dissertation, Stanford University
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  45. The Reduction of Theories.Philip Alan Ostien - 1972 - Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
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  46. Reduction and Biology.Harmon Robert Holcomb - 1984 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    This study of inter-theoretic reduction and reductionism in biology explores problems logical empiricist approaches face in giving a meaning analysis of reduction, and three real issues in biology involving reductionism: teleology and evolution, levels of organization, and the reduction of Mendelian to molecular genetics. ;It is denied that there is an answer to the logical empiricist question, "What single correct reduction concept is universally and realistically applicable to all science?" The question is unsatisfactory. First, it presupposes that philosophy of science (...)
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  47. Multifetal Pregnancy Reduction.Md Steven Ralston - 2011 - Lahey Clinic Medical Ethics Journal 18 (3):1-7.
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  48. Against Biological Reductionism.Martin Barker - 1980 - Radical Philosophy 25:42.
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  49. From Reduction to Revolution: A Study of Problems of Theory Comparison.William A. Meroney - 1978 - Dissertation, Temple University
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  50. Reduction: Suiting the Concept to Multiple Tasks.John Robert Welch - 1983 - Dissertation, Boston University Graduate School
    That the mental is nothing but the physical, that the macroscopic is nothing but the microscopic, that the prescriptive is nothing but the descriptive--these are standard nothing-but claims, dependably controversial. To really settle whether one of these claims is true or false, what sort of evidence would one have to have? I try to formulate a criterion for culling false nothing-but claims from true by clarifying the concept of ontological reduction. A claim that x is nothing but y is true, (...)
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