Reference

Edited by Stavroula Glezakos (Wake Forest University, University of California, Los Angeles)
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  1. Reference.Barbara Abbott - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This book introduces the most important problems of reference and considers the solutions that have been proposed to explain them. Reference is at the centre of debate among linguists and philosophers and, as Barbara Abbott shows, this has been the case for centuries. She begins by examining the basic issue of how far reference is a two place (words-world) or a three place (speakers-words-world) relation. She then discusses the main aspects of the field and the issues associated with them, including (...)
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  2. International Islamic Yearbook.Amani Aboobacker - 2011 - Kozhikode, India: Quba Educational Trust.
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  3. Referential Mechanics: Direct Reference and the Foundations of Semantics.Joseph Almog - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    This volume is focused on understanding a key idea in modern semantics-direct reference-and its integration into a general semantics for natural language.
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  4. Is Direct Reference Theory Incompatible with Physicalism?Mahrad Almotahari & Damien Rochford - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy 108 (5):255-268.
  5. International Islamic Yearbook.Aboobacker Amani - 2013 - Kozhikode: Quba Educational Trust.
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  6. Evans' Varieties of Reference and the Anchoring Problem.Michael L. Anderson - unknown
    To think about how to anchor abstract symbols to objects in the world is to become part of a tradition in philosophy with a long history, and an especially rich recent past. It is to ask, with Wittgenstein, “What makes my thought about him, a thought about him?” and thus it is to wonder not just about the nature of referring expressions or singular terms, but about the nature of referring beings. With this in mind I hereby endeavor—briefly, incompletely, but (...)
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  7. The Naturalization of Reference.Naoya Arakawa - 1995 - Dissertation, Temple University
    In this dissertation, I try to explain the referential relation, which is the relation holding among the speaker of a linguistic expression, what the speaker refers to, and the expression, in non-intentional terms. The explanation I seek is one of how the referring relation could be physically realized. In this regard, I try to explain referring relations in terms of language users' cognitive abilities and argue that those abilities could be physically realized. After discussing the conditions for reference with various (...)
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  8. On Reference as a Component of Meaning.Richard Arthur - 1976 - Philosophica 18.
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  9. "Names and descriptions": Discussion.A. Ayer - 1962 - Logique Et Analyse 5 (20):202.
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  10. Individuals.A. J. Ayer - 1952 - Mind 61 (244):441-457.
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  11. Modes of Referring and the Problem of Universals.R. J. B. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):529-529.
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  12. Consulting The Reference Book.Kent Bach - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (4):455-474.
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  13. What Does It Take To Refer?Kent Bach - 2006 - In Ernest Lepore & Barry Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press. pp. 516--554.
    This article makes a number of points about reference, both speaker reference and linguistic (or semantic) reference. The bottom line is simple: reference ain't easy — at least not nearly as easy as commonly supposed. Much of what speakers do that passes for reference is really something else, and much of what passes for linguistic reference is really nothing more than speaker reference. Referring is one of the basic things we do with words, and it would be a good idea (...)
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  14. On Reference and Referent Accessibility (Thorstein Fretheim and Jeanette K. Gundel (Eds)).Kent Bach - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognition 6:335-338.
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  15. Review of Thornstein, F. And Gundel, J.(Eds.), Reference and Referent Accessibility. [REVIEW]Kent Bach - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognition 8:335-338.
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  16. Thorstein Fretheim and Jeanette K. Gundel ,Reference and Referent Accessibility. [REVIEW]Kent Bach - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 6 (1-2):335-338.
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  17. Failed Reference and Feigned Reference.Kent Bach - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25:359-374.
    Nothing can be said about a nonexistent object, but something can be said about the act of (unsuccessfully) attempting to refer to one or, as in fiction, of pretending to refer to one. Unsuccessful reference, whether by expressions or by speakers, can be explained straightforwardly within the context of the theory of speech acts and communication. As for fiction, there is nothing special semantically, as to either meaning or reference, about its language. And fictional discourse is just a distinctive use (...)
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  18. Theory of Standard Names.S. Bakhale - 1986 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 13 (3-4):251.
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  19. "Semillas de Estrellas" Los Nombres Entre Los Wich'i.Guadalupe Barâua - 2001
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  20. A Gricean Theory of Reference.Michael Douglas Beebe - 1974 - Dissertation, The University of British Columbia (Canada)
    I propose to analyse referring, the typical function of proper names and definite descriptions, in terms of speakers' intentions rather than in terms of the meanings of words. Grice's theory of meaning explains how a speaker can mean something simply by making an utterance with the proper sort of intention, and I attempt to apply this theory of meaning to referring. I see two related reasons for thinking a Gricean theory of reference correct. First, I try to show that our (...)
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  21. Reference and Sense: An Epitome.David Bell - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):369-372.
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  22. Qu'est-ce qu'un système de référence?G. Bénézé - 1925 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 32 (3):321 - 358.
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  23. Referential Attribution.Jonathan Berg - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 96 (1):73-86.
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  24. Self-Reference in Literature and Other Media.Walter Bernhart & Werner Wolf (eds.) - 2010 - Rodopi.
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  25. On Reference and Computation: An Essay in Applied Philosophy of Language (Amichai Kronfeld).R. Bertolet - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognition 6:339-348.
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  26. Amichai Kronfeld,Reference and Computation: An Essay in Applied Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW]Rod Bertolet - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 6 (1-2):339-348.
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  27. A Note on Logical Truth.Corine Besson - 2014 - Logique Et Analyse 227:309-331.
    Classical logic counts sentences such as ‘Alice is identical with Alice’ as logically true. A standard objection to classical logic is that Alice’s self-identity, for instance, is not a matter of logic because the identity of particular objects is not a matter of logic. For this reason, many philosophers argue that classical logic is not the right logic, and that it should be abandoned in favour of free logic — logic free of existential commitments with respect to singular terms. In (...)
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  28. Object Reference in a Shared Domain of Conversation.Robbert-Jan Beun & Anita H. M. Cremers - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 6 (1-2):121-152.
    In this paper we report on an investigation into the principles underlying the choice of a particular referential expression to refer to an object located in a domain to which both participants in the dialogue have visual as well as physical access. Our approach is based on the assumption that participants try to use as little effort as possible when referring to objects. This assumption is operational-ized in two factors, namely the focus of attention and a particular choice of features (...)
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  29. Children's Use of Contextual Cues to Resolve Referential Ambiguity: An Application of Relevance Theory.Anne Bezuidenhout & Mary Sue Sroda - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 6 (1-2):265-299.
    Researchers interested in children's understanding of mind have claimed that the ability to ascribe beliefs and intentions is a late development, occurring well after children have learned to speak and comprehend the speech of others. On the other hand, there are convincing arguments to show that verbal communication requires the ability to attribute beliefs and intentions. Hence if one accepts the findings from research into children's understanding of mind, one should predict that young children will have severe difficulties in verbal (...)
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  30. On Reference.Andrea Bianchi (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Most of the times we open our mouth to communicate, we talk about things. This can happen because the linguistic expressions we use have semantic properties that connect them to extra-linguistic entities. Thanks to these properties, they may be used by us to refer to things. Or, as we may also say, they themselves refer to things, though in certain cases they do so only relative to a context of use. But how can we characterize the semantic properties in question? (...)
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  31. The Elusiveness of Reference.Thomas Blackburn - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):179-194.
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  32. Perry on Reference and Reflexive Contents.Gregory Bochner - 2010 - Language and Linguistics Compass 4 (4):219–231.
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  33. Self-Reference.Thomas Bolander, Vincent F. Hendricks & Stig Andur Pedersen - 2006 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    An anthology of previously unpublished essays from some of the most outstanding scholars working in philosophy, mathematics, and computer science today, _Self-Reference_ reexamines the latest theories of self-reference, including those that attempt to explain and resolve the semantic and set-theoretic paradoxes. With a thorough introduction that contextualizes the subject for students, this book will be important reading for anyone interested in the general area of self-reference and philosophy.
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  34. Demonstrative Sense: An Essay on the Semantics of Perceptual Demonstratives.Vojislav Bozickovic - 1995 - Avebury.
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  35. Are Salmon's 'Guises' Disguised Fregean Senses?João Branquinho - 1990 - Analysis 50 (1):19 - 24.
    In a review of Frege's Puzzle1, Graeme Forbes makes the claim that Salmon's account of belief might be seen, under certain conditions, as a mere notational variant of a neo-Fregean theory; and thus that such an account might be reduced to a neo-Fregean one simply by rewriting it in terms of Fregean terminology. With a view to supporting his claim, Forbes offers an outline of an account of belief which, according to him, would satisfy the following conditions: (i) it could (...)
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  36. The Metaphysics of Reference.David Braun, Jeffrey C. King & Edward N. Zalta - 2001 - Philosophical Perspectives 15:253-359.
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  37. Conceptual Atomism and Justificationist Semantics.Manuel Bremer - 2008 - Lang.
    Conceptual atomism of this type is incompatible with many other semantic approaches. One of these approaches is justificationist semantics. This book assumes conceptual atomism.
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  38. Realism and Reference.D. H. M. Brooks - 1985 - Philosophical Papers 14 (1):36-42.
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  39. Routes to Reference.Jerome S. Bruner - 1998 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 6 (1-2):209-227.
    However one conceives of the relation between a sign and its significate, referring is a communicative act in which a speaker must intentionally direct the attention of an interlocutor to some object, event, or state of affairs that the speaker has in mind. This article examines the ontogenesis and phylogenesis of acts of referring, with special concern for the possible nature of sign-significate relationships. Findings from developments psychology indicate that a group of abilities and skills underlie the ability to refer. (...)
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  40. Icon, Index, and Symbol.Arthur W. Burks - 1948 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9 (4):673-689.
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  41. On Reference and Sense.Panayot Butchvarov - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (10):551-553.
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  42. A Longitudinal Study of Principles of Control and Pronominal Reference in Child English.Helen Smith Cairns, Dana McDaniel, Jennifer Ryan Hsu & Michelle Rapp - 1994 - In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press.
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  43. Plural Reference.J. R. Cameron - 1999 - Ratio 12 (2):128–147.
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  44. Memory Demonstratives.John Campbell - 2001 - In Christoph Hoerl & Teresa McCormark (eds.), Time and Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 177--194.
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  45. Reference and Existence.Richard Campbell - 1971
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  46. Donnellan's Theory of Names.John V. Canfield - 1977 - Dialogue 16 (1):104-127.
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  47. “Purpose” in a Cognitive Theory of Reference.John M. Carroll - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (1):37-40.
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  48. On Plural Reference and Elementary Set Theory.Helen Morris Cartwright - 1993 - Synthese 96 (2):201 - 254.
    The view that plural reference is reference to a set is examined in light of George Boolos's treatment of second-order quantification as plural quantification in English. I argue that monadic second-order logic does not, in Boolos's treatment, reflect the behavior of plural quantifiers under negation and claim that any sentence that properly translates a second-order formula, in accordance with his treatment, has a first-order formulation. Support for this turns on the use of certain partitive constructions to assign values to variables (...)
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  49. Heraclitus and the Bath Water.Helen Morris Cartwright - 1965 - Philosophical Review 74 (4):466-485.
  50. Direct Reference, the Semantics of Thinking, and Guise Theory.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1989 - In John Perry, J. Almog & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. pp. 105--44.
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