Relations

Edited by Elle Benjamin (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)
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  1. On the Criteria for Establishing the Ontological Status of Different Entities.Evandro Agazzi - 1997 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 55:40-73.
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  2. On Internal Relations in Leibniz, British Neo-Realism and Whitehead.Jean-Pascal Alcantara - 2011 - Logique Et Analyse 54.
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  3. Internal Relations.A. Ambrose - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21:256-261.
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  4. Complexity of Equations Valid in Algebras of Relations Part I: Strong Non-Finitizability.Hajnal Andréka - 1997 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 89 (2):149-209.
    We study algebras whose elements are relations, and the operations are natural “manipulations” of relations. This area goes back to 140 years ago to works of De Morgan, Peirce, Schröder . Well known examples of algebras of relations are the varieties RCAn of cylindric algebras of n-ary relations, RPEAn of polyadic equality algebras of n-ary relations, and RRA of binary relations with composition. We prove that any axiomatization, say E, of RCAn has to be very complex in the following sense: (...)
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  5. Blanshard and Internal Relations.Bruce Aune - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (2):237 - 243.
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  6. Broken Symmetry and Spacetime.David John Baker - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (1):128-148.
    The phenomenon of broken spacetime symmetry in the quantum theory of infinite systems forces us to adopt an unorthodox ontology. We must abandon the standard conception of the physical meaning of these symmetries, or else deny the attractive “liberal” notion of which physical quantities are significant. A third option, more attractive but less well understood, is to abandon the existing (Halvorson-Clifton) notion of intertranslatability for quantum theories.
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  7. On the Relations of the Maráthá to the SanskritOn the Relations of the Maratha to the Sanskrit.Henry Ballantine - 1853 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 3:367.
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  8. Heil’s Two-Category Ontology and Causation.Joseph A. Baltimore - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (5):1091-1099.
    In his recent book, The Universe As We Find It, John Heil offers an updated account of his two-category ontology. One of his major goals is to avoid including relations in his basic ontology. While there can still be true claims positing relations, such as those of the form “x is taller than y” and “x causes y,” they will be true in virtue of substances and their monadic, non-relational properties. That is, Heil’s two-category ontology is deployed to provide non-relational (...)
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  9. Seeking and Finding: Intentionality as an Internal and an External Relation.Jocelyn Benoist - 2005 - Synthesis Philosophica 20 (2):327-338.
    The author asks whether intentionality could be described as an internal or an external relation. After he has shown that it is impossible to reduce intentionality to mere external relations, he emphasizes that it is not possible either to consider it to be an internal relation exclusively. There is no intentional internal relation without its context of external relations that permit it to work. The author tries to make a case for that by analyzing the problem of the determination of (...)
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  10. In Defence of Internal Relations.Aaron Bertellollman - 1976 - Radical Philosophy 13:18.
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  11. In Defence of Internal Relations.Bertellollman Bertellollman - 1976 - Radical Philosophy 13:18.
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  12. Some Notes on Internal and External Relations and Representation.Mark H. Bickhard - 2003 - Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):101-110.
    Internal relations are those relations that are intrinsic to the nature of one or more of the relata. They are a kind of essential relation, rather than an essential property. For example, an arc of a circle is internally related to the center of that circle in the sense that.
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  13. Individuals, Universals, Collections: On the Foundational Relations of Ontology.Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith - 2004 - In Achille Varzi Laure Vieu (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Third International Conference. IOS Press. pp. 37–48.
    This paper provides an axiomatic formalization of a theory of foundational relations between three categories of entities: individuals, universals, and collections. We deal with a variety of relations between entities in these categories, including the is-a relation among universals and the part-of relation among individuals as well as cross-category relations such as instance-of, member-of, and partition-of. We show that an adequate understanding of the formal properties of such relations – in particular their behavior with respect to time – is critical (...)
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  14. Internal Relations and Their Importance to Philosophy.Brand Blanshard - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (2):227 - 236.
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  15. On Relations.Henry E. Bliss - 1915 - Philosophical Review 24 (1):37-53.
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  16. Reply to Mr. Russell's Explanations.F. H. Bradley - 1911 - Mind 20 (77):74-76.
  17. El regreso de Bradley y el problema de la unidad-compleja: ¿tropos al rescate?Sebastián Briceño - 2016 - Critica 48 (143):47-75.
    It is commonly held that Bradley’s regress has a solution within a trope ontology. This seems to happen when a bundle is understood as constituted by non-transferable tropes. It also seems to happen when a bundle is understood as constituted by transferable tropes related by a relational trope of compresence whose existence specifically depends on those relata. In this article I demonstrate that these proposals fail in addressing the essential question that underlies the regress, incurring in a question-begging response already (...)
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  18. Relations All the Way Down? Against Ontic Structural Realism.Sebastián Briceño & Stephen Mumford - 2016 - In Anna Marmodoro & David Yates (eds.), The Metaphysics of Relations. Oxford University Press. pp. 198-217.
    According to Ladyman, the world consists of nothing more than relations that relate to no particulars. Could the world be nothing but structure? In this chapter it is argued that even though there are a number of problems with the standard view of relations accompanied by a particularist ontology, substituting for it a world of pure structure is not progress. A world of pure structure would be no more than a Platonic entity, lacking any resources for concretization. Consequently, there would (...)
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  19. The Fabric of Space: Intrinsic Vs. Extrinsic Distance Relations.Phillip Bricker - 1993 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):271-294.
  20. Relations Without Polyadic Properties: Albert the Great on the Nature and Ontological Status of Relations.Jeffrey E. Brower - 2001 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (3):225-257.
    I think it would be fair to say that, until about 1900, philosophers were generally reluctant to admit the existence of what are nowadays called polyadic properties.1 It is important to recognize, however, that this reluctance on the part of pre-twentieth-century philosophers did not prevent them from theorizing about relations. On the contrary, philosophers from the ancient through the modern period have had much to say about both the nature and the ontological status of relations. In this paper I examine (...)
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  21. Abelard's Theory of Relations: Reductionism and the Aristotelian Tradition.Jeffrey E. Brower - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (3):605-631.
  22. Symposium: The Nature of the State in View of Its External Relations.C. Delisle Burns, Bertrand Russell & G. D. H. Cole - 1915 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 16:290 - 325.
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  23. Состояния и отношения у Григория Назианзина (Dispositions and Relations in Gregory Nazianzen).Pavel Butakov - 2015 - ΣΧΟΛΗ: Ancient Philosophy and The Classical Tradition 9 (2):363-372.
    The Greek word ‘schesis’ in the works of Gregory Nazianzen has generally been translated as ‘relation’ and interpreted as a programmatic term for his doctrine of Trinitarian relations. Although this may be a valid interpretation of the terminology of other 4th century theologians, this is not true of Gregory. His usage of the word ‘schesis’ does not correspond with the traditional Aristotelian or Stoic ways of designating a relation. It denotes a status or a disposition, it may even mean a (...)
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  24. Relations in the Trinitarian Reality: Two Approaches.Pavel Butakov - 2014 - ΣΧΟΛΗ: Ancient Philosophy and The Classical Tradition 8 (2):505-519.
    The Greek model of the Trinity, based on the Theological Orations of Gregory of Nazianzus, treats the Trinitarian relations as connections between the Father and the two other persons: the Son and the Holy Spirit. The two relations have to be heteronymous, and have to be interpreted from the extreme realistic position. The Latin Trinitarian model, based on Boethius’ De Trinitate, treats relations as three subsistent persons. The relations have to be unidirectional: from the Father to the Son, and from (...)
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  25. Concrete Entities and Concrete Relations.Panayot Butchvarov - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 10 (3):412 - 422.
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  26. Bradley's Anti-Relational Argument: A Reply to Mr. Kulkarni.C. A. Campbell - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (30):54-62.
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  27. Sense Relations.Ronnie Cann - 2011 - In Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: An International Handbook of Natural Language Meaning. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 1--456.
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  28. Some Nonformal “Logwical” Relations.Hector Neri Castaneda - 1957 - Philosophical Studies 8 (6):89 - 92.
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  29. Internal, External and Intra-Individual Relations.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (4):487-512.
    In this paper I argue that there are in fact external relations in Russell’s sense. The level at which we are forced to acknowledge them is, however, not the level of relations between concrete individual objects. All relations of this kind, which I will call “inter-individual” relations, can be construed as supervenient on the monadic properties of their terms. But if we pursue our ontological analysis a little bit deeper and consider the internal structure of a concrete individual, then we (...)
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  30. Bradley's Theory of Relations and the Law of Identity.Ralph Withington Church - 1942 - Philosophical Review 51 (1):26-46.
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  31. The Metaphysics of Relations.Francois Clementz & Jean-Maurice Monnoye (eds.) - forthcoming - Ontos Verlag.
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  32. Contemporary Quantum Physics Metaphysical Challenge: Looking for a Relational Metaphysics.João L. Cordovil - 2015 - Axiomathes 25 (1):133-143.
    Traditionally, Physics has been dominated by the image of objects, that is, by the atomistic metaphysics of absolutely intrinsic properties of qualitatively unchangeable individual entities. The first major challenge to this metaphysics inside physics comes with quantum mechanics, specifically with the well-known phenomenon known as ‘quantum entanglement’. From quantum entanglement it seems that we can conclude that: quantum objects are not independent entities; wholes have an ontological priority over their parts. However, it is arguable that is too risky to infer (...)
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  33. Relations Between Relations.H. T. Costello - 1919 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (21):568-574.
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  34. External Relations and the "Argument From Missouri".H. T. Costello - 1911 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (19):505-510.
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  35. Armstrong And The Problem Of Converse Relations.Charles B. Cross - 2002 - Erkenntnis 56 (2):215-227.
    In "A World of States of Affairs" David Armstrong offers a comprehensive metaphysics based on the thesis that the world consists of states of affairs. Among the entities postulated by Armstrong's theory are relations, including non-symmetrical relations, and while Armstrong does not agree with Russell that all relations have a direction or definite order among their places, he does explicitly acknowledge that the slots of a non-symmetrical relation have a definite order or direction. I first show that non-symmetrical relations pose (...)
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  36. Holism, Individuation, and Internal Relations.David J. Crossley - 1977 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (2):183-194.
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  37. One with Another: An Essay on Relations.Rohit Dalvi - 2004 - Dissertation, University of Hawai'i
    The problem of relations has been a persistent one in the history of philosophy. It has been treated extensively by Aristotle who divides relations into two fundamental types, paradigmatic and non-paradigmatic. Scholastic philosophy develops some of the issues present in Aristotle. Scholastic philosophers like Ockham, Duns Scotus and Abelard adopt different positions on the nature of relations and their ontological status. Relations are an important issue in Indian philosophy as well. The Nyaya school adopts a realist stance and the Buddhist (...)
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  38. Relations. Ontology and Philosophy of Religion.Bertini Daniele & Migliorini Damiano (eds.) - 2018 - Fano, Italy: Mimesis International.
    In 1924 B.Russell wrote that the issue of relations is one of the most important in philosophy, and that many unresolved philosophical problems depends on how relations are understood. Such observation is more than still fundamental for the contemporary philosophical agenda: ontology, philosophy of religion and other fields of theoretical inquiry require to account for the very nature of what a relation is and how it works. The present edited collection is a fresh contribution to the international debate. Leading scholars (...)
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  39. Individuals: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics.Shamik Dasgupta - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 145 (1):35-67.
    We naturally think of the material world as being populated by a large number of individuals . These are things, such as my laptop and the particles that compose it, that we describe as being propertied and related in various ways when we describe the material world around us. In this paper I argue that, fundamentally speaking at least, there are no such things as material individuals. I then propose and defend an individual-less view of the material world I call (...)
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  40. The Mathematical Structure of the World: The World as Graph.Randall R. Dipert - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (7):329-358.
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  41. Peirce, Frege, the Logic of Relations, and Church's Theorem.Randall R. Dipert - 1984 - History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (1):49-66.
    In this essay, I discuss some observations by Peirce which suggest he had some idea of the substantive metalogical differences between logics which permit both quantifiers and relations, and those which do not. Peirce thus seems to have had arguments?which even De Morgan and Frege lacked?that show the superior expressiveness of relational logics.
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  42. Set-Theoretical Representations of Ordered Pairs and Their Adequacy for the Logic of Relations.Randall R. Dipert - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):353 - 374.
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  43. Speaks's Reduction of Propositions to Properties: A Benacerraf Problem.T. Scott Dixon & Cody Gilmore - 2016 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (3):275-284.
    Speaks defends the view that propositions are properties: for example, the proposition that grass is green is the property being such that grass is green. We argue that there is no reason to prefer Speaks's theory to analogous but competing theories that identify propositions with, say, 2-adic relations. This style of argument has recently been deployed by many, including Moore and King, against the view that propositions are n-tuples, and by Caplan and Tillman against King's view that propositions are facts (...)
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  44. The Argument From Difference.Willis Doney - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (2):244 - 249.
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  45. Relative Places.Maureen Donnelly - 2005 - Applied Ontology 1 (1):55-75.
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  46. Layers: A New Approach to Locating Objects in Space.Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith - 2003 - In W. Kuhn M. F. Worboys & S. Timpf (eds.), Spatial Information Theory: Foundations of Geographic Informa­tion Science. Springer. pp. 50-65.
    Standard theories in mereotopology focus on relations of parthood and connection among spatial or spatio-temporal regions. Objects or processes which might be located in such regions are not normally directly treated in such theories. At best, they are simulated via appeal to distributions of attributes across the regions occupied or by functions from times to regions. The present paper offers a richer framework, in which it is possible to represent directly the relations between entities of various types at different levels, (...)
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  47. Non-Symmetric Relations.Cian Dorr - 2004 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 1:155-92.
    Presupposing that most predicates do not correspond directly to genuine relations, I argue that all genuine relations are symmetric. My main argument depends on the premise that there are no brute necessities, interpreted so as to require logical and metaphysical necessity to coincide for sentences composed entirely of logical vocabulary and primitive predicates. Given this premise, any set of purportedly primitive predicates by which one might hope to express the facts about non-symmetric relations order their relata will generate an objectionable (...)
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  48. Relevant Predication 2: Intrinsic Properties and Internal Relations.J. Michael Dunn - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 60 (3):177-206.
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  49. External and Internal Relations.G. E. Moore - 1919 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 20:40 - 62.
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  50. Trope Persistence and Temporary External Relations.Douglas Ehring - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (3):473 – 479.
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