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  1. Descartes's Method of Doubt.Leslie Allan - manuscript
    Enlightenment philosopher, René Descartes, set out to establish what could be known with certainty, untainted by a deceiving demon. With his method of doubt, he rejected all previous beliefs, allowing only those that survived rigorous scrutiny. In this essay, Leslie Allan examines whether Descartes's program of skeptical enquiry was successful in laying a firm foundation for our manifold beliefs. He subjects Descartes's conclusions to Descartes's own uncompromising methodology to determine whether Descartes escaped from a self-imposed radical skepticism.
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  2. Moving Cartesian Bodies.Tyler Doggett - manuscript
    Argues that Descartes's commitment to mind-body causation leads to a commitment to body-body causation.
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  3. Descartes and the Crazy Argument.Steven M. Duncan - manuscript
    In Meditation I, Descartes dismisses the possibility that he might be insane as a ground for doubting that the senses are a source of knowledge of the external world. In this paper, I argue that Descartes was justified in so doing, and draw some general epistemological conclusions from this result.
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  4. Descartes' Refutation of Atheism: A Defense.Steven M. Duncan - manuscript
    Descartes argues that, apart from the existence of a veracious God, we can have no reason to believe that we possess reliable cognitive faculties, with the result that, if atheism is true, not even our seemingly most certain beliefs can count as knowledge for us. Since the atheist denies the existence of God, he or she will be precisely in this position. I argue that Descartes' argument is sound, and that atheism is therefore self-refuting.
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  5. Madness at the centre: on Descartes’ first meditation turned into a dialogue.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    Charles Larmore presents the central part of Descartes’ first meditation as a brief dialogue between a skeptic and a sensible empiricist. I point out a source of discontent about this innovative transformation.
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  6. The first meditation again: a hidden source of doubt?Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I raise the question of whether there is a hidden source of doubt in Descartes’ first meditation, if one adopts the perspective of some people he describes as insane.
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  7. The problem of the poor king, from Descartes and Rousseau.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    In this paper, I present the problem of the poor king, from combining Descartes and Rousseau.
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  8. Why does Descartes say that he is not his body in the second meditation?Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    This paper contests a standard interpretation of how Descartes comes to the conclusion that he is not his body in the second meditation. I propose an alternative interpretation in its place.
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  9. Locke and Descartes on Unavoidable Thoughts of Essence.Michael Jacovides - manuscript
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  10. God, the Demon, and the Cogito.William J. Rapaport - manuscript
    The purpose of this essay is to exhibit in detail the setting for the version of the Cogito Argument that appears in Descartes’s Meditations. I believe that a close reading of the text can shed new light on the nature and role of the “evil demon”, on the nature of God as he appears in the first few Meditations, and on the place of the Cogito Argument in Descartes’s overall scheme.
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  11. A Question Concerning Descartes: The Method of Doubt and The Mind/Body Problem.Christopher P. Satoor - manuscript
  12. Is Descartes 'Dualism Descartes' Error?Kamuran Gödelek - unknown - Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 7.
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  13. Descartes And Ibn-Sina On The Soul.Fadlollah Khaliqiyan - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 18.
    This article is to analize the doctrines of two great philosophers, Descarets and Ibn-Sina on the soul.As he himself said, Descartes, while doubting on anything, was sure that " cogito ergo sum".He found this an unquestionable fact, therefore he took it as the first principle.After Descartes, some objections have been posed against his doctrine; for example the objection, posed by Ibn-Sina. Ibn-Sina believed that thinking is among the soul's acts, and the soul cannot be affirmed through one of its own (...)
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  14. Descartes On The Divine Eternal Truths.Andrew Pessin - unknown - Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 5.
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  15. La thérapeutique de Descartes dans Les "remedia et vires medicamentorum".Vincent Aucante - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  16. Descartes as Catholic Philosopher and Natural Philosopher in advance.Steven Baldner - forthcoming - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association.
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  17. Descartes et la fortune.Jean-Christophe Bardout - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  18. Descartes en el último Foucault. A propósito del supuesto abandono de la filosofía como forma de vida.Óscar Barroso-Fernández - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    En este trabajo se analiza la tesis foucaultiana de la reducción de la filosofía a forma de conocimiento en Descartes y el consecuente abandono de la espiritualidad clásica, es decir, de la filosofía concebida como forma de vida basada en el cuidado de sí. A partir de aquí, además de observar que el propio Foucault matizará esta tesis, se demostrará que en Descartes la filosofía sigue esencialmente unida a la espiritualidad.
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  19. Descartes’s argument for modal voluntarism.Sebastian Bender - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Descartes famously espouses modal voluntarism, the doctrine that God freely creates the eternal truths. God has chosen to make it true that two plus two equals four, for instance, but he could have chosen otherwise. Why, though, does Descartes endorse modal voluntarism? Many commentators have noted that he regularly appeals to divine omnipotence to justify his doctrine. This strategy is usually thought to be unsuccessful, however, because it seems to presuppose—question-beggingly—that the eternal truths are in the scope of God’s power. (...)
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  20. La portée anti-cartésienne du fragment des trois ordres.Hélène Bouchilloux - forthcoming - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
    Cet article vise à souligner la centrante de Laf.308, Br.793 au sein des Pensées, tout en déterminant sa portée anti-cartésienne. Une confrontation avec d'autres fragments connexes permet de préciser ce que Pascal met sous le deuxième ordre : une science relayée par la pensée, non la métaphysique cartésienne. Il devient alors possible de discuter l'interprétation de Jean-Luc Marion et de montrer que, loin d'opérer une simple destitution de la métaphysique cartésienne au nom de la charité chrétienne, Laf.308, Br.793 résume bien (...)
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  21. El «amor a Dios» en la filosofía para la vida de Descartes y la discrepancia de Spinoza.María-Luisa De-la-Cámara-García - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    En este artículo examino la noción de amor a Dios (amour envers Dieu) en Descartes, conectándola con los principios metafísicos de su sistema y con los objetivos a los que da respuesta, y mostrando sus beneficios para la vida de todo hombre. Los desacuerdos de Spinoza en esta materia no constituyen una discrepancia menor, sino que adquieren relevancia sistémica desde el momento en que el amor Dei está conectado con nociones centrales de su filosofía, como la idea de Dios y (...)
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  22. Descartes' mathematics.Mary Domski - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  23. Michel Foucault: René Descartes y el cuerpo como máquina en la tesis del poder disciplinario.Pablo Frau-Buron - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    El objetivo de este estudio es interpretar la relación entre el modelo anatómico de Descartes y el régimen disciplinario que M. Foucault propone en su tesis sobre el poder en la Modernidad. Se muestra cómo Foucault sitúa a Descartes como el iniciador de una medicina que convertiría el cuerpo humano en una máquina y al igual que esta, pasaría a concebirse como un sistema mecánico susceptible de ser explorable, controlable y manipulable.
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  24. Ego cogito.M. Garrido - forthcoming - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy.
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  25. Bohemia revisited.Karen Gaylord - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  26. Causalité divine et causalité seconde selon Clauberg.Nabeel Hamid - forthcoming - Les Etudes Philosophiques.
    This article argues that Clauberg defends the theory of concurrentism concerning the relationship between divine and secondary causality. It does so by examining Clauberg's theory of corporeal causation in light of his doctrines of cause in general and of corporeal substance. Clauberg's work represents one of the first attempts to reconcile Cartesian physics with the traditional doctrine in theology, according to which both God and created substances are true and immediate causes of all natural effects, in opposition to the occasionalist (...)
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  27. Descartes on the Eternal Truths and Essences of Mathematics: An Alternative Reading.Helen Hattab - forthcoming - New Content is Available for Vivarium.
    _ Source: _Page Count 46 René Descartes is neither a Conceptualist nor a Platonist when it comes to the ontological status of the eternal truths and essences of mathematics but articulates a view derived from Proclus. There are several advantages to interpreting Descartes’ texts in light of Proclus’ view of universals and philosophy of mathematics. Key passages that, on standard readings, are in conflict are reconciled if we read Descartes as appropriating Proclus’ threefold distinction among universals. Specifically, passages that appear (...)
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  28. Descartes on Other Minds.Donald Henze - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
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  29. Cogito ergo sum, comme inférence et comme performance.Jaakko Hintikka - forthcoming - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
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  30. The Analytical Method in Descartes' Geometrie.Giorgio Israel - forthcoming - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
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  31. Is Descartes' Conception of the Soul Orthodox ?Zbigniew Janowski - forthcoming - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
    In the Letter to the Faculty of Theology of the Sorbonne, Descartes makes a reference to Leo's X's encyclical Apostolici Regiminis (1513), which supports the Aristotelian-Scholastic conception of the soul as anima corporis forma According to Descartes' doctrine of the eternal truths, God's power is absolutely unlimited. One of the consequences of this doctrine is that God could join a rational (human) soul to any body, which implies that the union of soul and the body in the Cartesian system is (...)
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  32. Libertad y ciencia en Descartes.Beltrán Jiménez-Villar - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    La libertad en Descartes tiene dos momentos diferentes: antes de que se descubra la posibilidad de la verdad y después de su descubrimiento. La experiencia de la libertad previa al establecimiento de las condiciones de la verdad tiene lugar en la decisión de reconstruir el edificio del conocimiento. El descubrimiento de su fundamento teológico tiene como consecuencia la moralización del saber.
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  33. Descartes and the ownership of the world.Dennis Kambouchner - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    This article aims to contribute to counteracting the negative perception of Descartes’ philosophical legacy. The article addresses a specific aspect of the supposed human dominance over nature, that of the animal question. Against the accusation of “speciesism,” a hierarchy that considers humans superior and justifies their domination and cruelty towards animals, it is argued that Descartes did not regard animals as completely insensible, that his position was not as categorical as often presented, and that he can be interpreted not as (...)
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  34. Un Ram Eau Oublié du Cartésianism.Christopher Kirwan - forthcoming - Revue Thomiste.
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  35. El sabio según Descartes: del fortalecimiento del yo y del lugar del otro.Raquel Lázaro-Cantero - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    Descartes consolida el paso de la ciencia de la verdad a la ciencia del hombre. En esta prima un cura sui, que acabará fortaleciendo al sujeto interiormente y desenfocando al otro. Todo hombre podría ser sabio; si bien, no desde la experiencia de la conciencia como ejercicio metódico y teórico del alma; pero sí como forma de vida que educa el fortalecimiento de la voluntad. La generosidad será la forma de la virtud, y si bien esta incluye las formas del (...)
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  36. Sustancia, razón, libertad y pasión en Descartes: lecturas desde la modernidad temprana a la postmodernidad.Raquel Lázaro-Cantero, Joan-Lluís Llinàs-Begon & Vicente Sanfélix - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    Los textos que se presentan a continuación aúnan a reconocidos estudiosos en el cartesianismo, junto a investigadores más nóveles. Son fruto además de un proyecto de investigación financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, [Referencia PID2021-126133NB-100] que lleva por título: Éticas y metafísica de los afectos. Las génesis modernas del presente actual (EMAP). Se ofrecen, por tanto, los estudios que siguen como resultados de este proyecto, que inició su andadura en septiembre de 2022.
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  37. Presentación. Sustancia, razón, libertad y pasión en Descartes: lecturas desde la modernidad temprana a la postmodernidad.Raquel Lázaro-Cantero, Joan-Lluís Llinàs-Begon & Vicente Sanfélix-Vidarte - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    Los artículos de este segundo número monográfico dedicado a Descartes son un fruto más del proyecto de investigación -financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, [Referencia PID2021-126133NB-I00]- que lleva por título: Éticas y metafísica de los afectos. Las génesis modernas del presente actual (EMAP). Se ofrecen a continuación relecturas cartesianas que ponen el acento en la revisión de ciertos tópicos atribuidos al pensamiento del padre de la modernidad, más mencionado que leído y estudiado.
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  38. Descartes’ foundation and Borges’ ruins: how to doubt the Cogito.Uri D. Leibowitz - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Descartes claimed that the Cogito is ‘so firm and sure that all the most extravagant suppositions of the sceptics were incapable of shaking it’. This paper aims to demonstrate that this claim is false by presenting a sceptical scenario for the Cogito. It is argued that the story ‘The Circular Ruins’ by J. L. Borges illustrates that one can doubt one’s own existence and that pace Descartes (and many others) the claim ‘I am, I exist, is necessarily true whenever it (...)
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  39. Philosophical discourse and ascetic practice : on Foucault’s Readings of Descartes’ Meditations.Daniele Lorenzini - forthcoming - Theory Culture and Society.
    This paper addresses the multiple readings that Foucault offers of Descartes’ Meditations during the whole span of his intellectual career. It thus rejects the (almost) exclusive focus of the literature on the few pages of the History of Madness dedicated to the Meditations and on the so-called Foucault/Derrida debate. First, it reconstructs Foucault’s interpretation of Descartes’ philosophy in a series of unpublished manuscripts written between 1966 and 1968, when Foucault was teaching at the University of Tunis. It then addresses the (...)
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  40. The Problematic Nature of the Cogito.Michel Meyer - forthcoming - Acta Philosophica Fennica: Language, Knowledge, and Intentionality.
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  41. Descartes antivitalista.Zuraya Monroy-Nasr - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    La concepción dualista de Descartes expulsó lo incorpóreo de la materia y ha sido mal entendida durante siglos. Este artículo inicia reflexionando acerca de la importancia del materialismo para la ciencia. Enseguida, se examinan argumentos de la doctrina dualista relativos a la física, su materialismo y mecanicismo. Finalmente, se considera, desde la perspectiva de la unión, la biología humana, disciplina con características peculiares, dado que su objeto no es un ser meramente corpóreo, sino entremezclado.
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  42. Melissa Lo, Skepticism's Pictures: Figuring Descartes's Natural Philosophy University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2023. Pp. 230. ISBN 978-0-271-09482-3. $104.95 (hardcover). [REVIEW]Steven Nadler - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Science:1-3.
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  43. “Did Descartes Read Sextus’s Outlines of Pyrrhonism?” A “Sceptical” Response.Paul O’Mahoney - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-9.
    This article has been invited by The European Legacy editors as a response to Ayumu Tamura’s “Did Descartes Read Sextus’s Outlines of Pyrrhonism?” which continues the promising lines of enquiry he...
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  44. La concepción de lo humano en la contraposición Descartes-Montaigne. Apuntes sobre el primer párrafo del Discurso del método.Víctor Palacios Cruz - forthcoming - Thémata Revista de Filosofía.
    En Montaigne, el yo es producto de la pluralidad y no existe separado de la naturaleza. En Descartes, por el contrario, la “voz de la razón” justifica una soledad que renuncia al cuerpo, a los sentidos y a la voz de los demás. Según Montaigne, el saber se busca en permanente relación con el mundo, sin la expectativa de una certeza absoluta que superaría nuestra pequeñez natural. Según Descartes, la investigación individual es más segura que aquella en la que varios (...)
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  45. What did Elisabeth ask Descartes? A reading proposal of the first Letter of the Correspondence.Katarina Peixoto - forthcoming - Revista Seiscentos.
    In May 1643 Elisabeth of Bohemia addressed a question to Descartes which inaugurated a six-year Correspondence, until his death. He dedicates his mature metaphysical work to the Princess (Principles of First Philosophy, 1644) and writes Passions of the Soul (1649) as one of the results of the dialogue with the philosopher of Bohemia. The silencing of the last hundred years of historiography on Elisabeth of Bohemia's legacy in this epistolary exchange caused distortions and, in some cases, underpinned the bias as (...)
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  46. Context and self-related reflection: : Elisabeth of Bohemia’s way to address the moral objectiveness – forthcoming/last draft.Katarina Peixoto - forthcoming - In Women in the History of Philosophy and Sciences.
    In this work I intend to explore the textual and conceptual roots of the moral view in the Early Modern Rationalism of Cartesian spectrum as detected by Elisabeth of Bohemia. To this intent, I will drive my analysis, first, to the remark Descartes adds to his own provisional morality of the Discourse in the Letter of August 4th, 1645 to Elisabeth. Second, I will approach the two aspects of her reply to Descartes, both in her Letter of September 13th 1645, (...)
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  47. Una ciencia admirable: filosofía y admiración en Descartes.Vicente Raga-Rosaleny - forthcoming - Filosofia Unisinos:1-12.
    Aunque Descartes pretende hablar de cuestiones morales en general, y de las pasiones en particular, como si nadie hubiera escrito antes sobre ellas, lo cierto es que, en el caso de la admiración, es clara su referencia al mundo antiguo. En concreto, en este caso el pensador francés se sitúa críticamente en contra de la postura aristotélica, que entiende la admiración como el inicio de la filosofía. Frente a la propuesta clásica, que convierte dicha emoción en el motor permanente de (...)
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  48. Un secreto gozo: Descartes y la filosofía como forma de vida.Vicente Raga-Rosaleny - forthcoming - Anuario Filosófico.
    Es tópica la interpretación de un Descartes desinteresado en temas morales. Así lo lee Foucault, para quien la Modernidad supuso la separación entre el nuevo tema central del conocimiento y el, ahora secundario, de la praxis. En este artículo defiendo que la obra de Descartes puede entenderse como una versión moderna del filosófico arte de vivir, en donde conocerse y cuidar de uno mismo siguen unidos por un eje central, el de la libre voluntad.
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  49. al-Ġazālī, Descartes, and Their Sceptical Problems.Mahdi Ranaee - forthcoming - Maimonides Review of Philosophy and Religion.
    This paper will offer a systematic reconstruction of al-Ġazālī’s Sceptical Argument in his celebrated Deliverer/Delivered from Going Astray (al-Munqiḏ/al-Munqaḏ min al-Ḍalāl). Based on textual evidence, I will argue that the concept of certainty (yaqīn) in play in this argument is that of the philosophers—most notably Ibn Sīnā—and that it is firmly tied to demonstration (burhān) and hence to the materials of syllogism (mawwād al-qiyās). This will show that contrary to what many scholars believe, this Sceptical Argument is al-Ġazālī’s discovery of (...)
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  50. La réalité objective dans les Premières objections aux Méditations métaphysiques : Ockham contre Descartes.Laurence Renault - forthcoming - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
    Cet article se propose de mettre au jour l'influence occamienne de la critique que Caterus adresse, dans les Premières objections, à la notion cartésienne de réalité objective de l'idée. This article intends to point out the ockhamist inspiration of the arguments of Caterus against the cartesian notion of idea's objective reality in the First objections.
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