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4267 found
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1 — 50 / 4267
  1. added 2020-05-18
    Repräsentation bei Descartes.Dominik Perler - 1996 - Frankfurt a.M.: Klostermann.
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  2. added 2020-03-22
    Philosophical Duelism: Fencing in Early Modern Thought.Kevin Delapp - 2018 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 7 (2):31-54.
    This essay explores the parallel development of fencing theory and philosophy in early modern Europe, and suggests that each field significantly influenced the other. Arguably, neither philosophy nor fencing would be the same today had the two not been engaged in this particular cultural symbiosis. An analysis is given of the philosophic content within several historical fencing treatises and of the position of fencing in seventeenth and eighteenth-century education and courtly life. Two case studies are then examined: the influence of (...)
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  3. added 2020-03-12
    Spinoza on Causa Sui.Yitzhak Melamed - forthcoming - In Blackwell Companion to Spinoza. Blackwell.
    The very first line of Spinoza’s magnum opus, the Ethics, states the following surprising definition: By cause of itself I understand that whose essence involves existence, or that whose nature cannot be conceived except as existing [Per causam sui intelligo id, cujus essentia involvit existentiam, sive id, cujus natura non potest concipi, nisi existens]. As we shall shortly see, for many of Spinoza’s contemporaries and predecessors the very notion of causa sui was utterly absurd, akin to a Baron Munchausen attempting (...)
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  4. added 2020-03-10
    Jean-Luc Nancy, Ego Sum: Corpus, Anima, Fabula, Translated by Marie-Eve Morin.James Griffith - 2019 - Derrida Today 12 (1):106-112.
    This is a review of Marie-Eve Morin's translation of Jean-Luc Nancy's "Ego Sum.".
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  5. added 2020-03-08
    Thinking Descartes in Conjunction, with Merleau-Ponty: The Human Body, the Future, and Historicity.James Griffith - 2019 - Filozofia 2 (74):111-125.
    This article addresses a debate in Descartes scholarship over the mind-dependence or -independence of time by turning to Merleau-Ponty’s "Nature" and "The Visible and the Invisible." In doing so, it shows that both sides of the debate ignore that time for Descartes is a measure of duration in general. The consequences to remembering what time is are that the future is shown to be the invisible of an intertwining of past and future, and that historicity is the invisible of God.
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  6. added 2020-02-29
    Descartes’s Turn to the Body.Razvan Ioan - 2020 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (2):369-388.
    What are Descartes’s views on the body and how do they change? In this article, I try to make clearer the nature of the shift towards an increased focus on the body as ‘my’ body in Descartes’s Passions of the Soul. The interest in the nature of passions, considered from the point of view of the ‘natural scientist’, is indicative of a new approach to the study of the human. Moving beyond the infamous mind-body union, grounded in his dualist metaphysics, (...)
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  7. added 2020-02-14
    Cartesian Composites and the True Mode of Union.Brian Embry - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-17.
    Descartes argues that the mind and body are really distinct substances. He also insists that minds and bodies compose human beings. But how are mind and body united to compose a human? This question is crucial to understanding the place of human beings in Descartes’s ontology. Many scholars argue that Descartes has no solution to the unity problem, and they call into question the ontological status of mind- body composites. On some views, Cartesian humans are mere aggregates, like stacks of (...)
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  8. added 2020-02-12
    Descartes: An Analytical and Historical Introduction.William L. Reid Iii - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (3):723-726.
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  9. added 2020-02-12
    Descartes, Modalities, and God.Gijsbert Van Den Brink - 1993 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 33 (1):1-15.
  10. added 2020-02-12
    Demons, Dreamers, and Madmen: The Defense of Reason in Descartes' Meditations.Charles Parsons - 1972 - Journal of Philosophy 69 (2):38-46.
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  11. added 2020-02-12
    The Metaphysics of Descartes: A Study of the Meditations.Harry G. Frankfurt - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (4):133-136.
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  12. added 2020-02-12
    Diderot and Descartes; a Study of Scientific Naturalism in the Enlightenment.Leonara Cohen Rosenfield - 1956 - Journal of Philosophy 53 (18):556-564.
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  13. added 2020-02-12
    The Dream of Descartes, Together with Some Other Essays.Albert G. A. Balz - 1945 - Journal of Philosophy 42 (13):359-361.
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  14. added 2020-02-11
    Descartes' System of Natural Philosophy.Antonia Lolordo - 2003 - Mind 112 (446):336-339.
    This is a review of Stephen Gaukroger's book Descartes's System of Natural Philosophy.
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  15. added 2020-02-11
    Cartesian Questions: Method and Metaphysics.John Cottingham - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):447-449.
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  16. added 2020-02-11
    Learning From Six Philosophers: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume.Tad M. Schmaltz - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):367-373.
  17. added 2020-02-11
    Descartes: Critical and Interpretive Essays.Douglas C. Long - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):99-104.
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  18. added 2020-02-11
    Descartes's Rules for the Direction of the Mind. Harold H. Joachim, E. E. Harris.R. J. C. Burgener - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (3):272-274.
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  19. added 2020-02-08
    What Am I? Descartes and the Mind–Body Problem.Marleen Rozemond - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):147-150.
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  20. added 2020-02-08
    Descartes and the Late Scholastics.A. D. Smith - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):360-363.
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  21. added 2020-01-31
    What Am I? Descartes’s Various Ways of Considering the Self.Colin Chamberlain - 2020 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 2 (1):2.
    In the _Meditations_ and related texts from the early 1640s, Descartes argues that the self can be correctly considered as either a mind or a human being, and that the self’s properties vary accordingly. For example, the self is simple considered as a mind, whereas the self is composite considered as a human being. Someone might object that it is unclear how merely considering the self in different ways blocks the conclusion that a single subject of predication—the self—is both simple (...)
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  22. added 2020-01-20
    Infinity in Descartes.Steven Barbone - 1995 - Philosophical Inquiry 17 (3-4):23-38.
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  23. added 2020-01-17
    "All in Their Nature Good": Descartes on the Passions of the Soul.Marie Jayasekera - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (1):71-92.
    Descartes claims that the passions of the soul are “all in their nature good” even though they exaggerate the value of their objects, have the potential to deceive us, and often mislead us. What, then, can he mean by this? In this paper, I argue that these effects of the passions are only problematic when we incorrectly take their goodness to consist in their informing us of harms and benefits to the mind-body composite. Instead, the passions are good in their (...)
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  24. added 2020-01-17
    Imitation and ‘Infinite’ Will: Descartes on the Imago Dei.Marie Jayasekera - 2019 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 8:1-38.
    This paper investigates Descartes’s understanding of the imago Dei, that it is above all in virtue of the will that we bear the image and likeness of God. I challenge the key assumption of arguments that hold that Descartes’s comparison between the human will and the divine will is problematic—that in his conception of the imago Dei Descartes is alluding to Scholastic conceptions of analogy available to him at the time, which would place particular constraints on the legitimacy of the (...)
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  25. added 2020-01-06
    Descartes’s Ethics.Lisa Shapiro - 2008 - In Janet Broughton & John Carriero (eds.), A companion to Descartes. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 445-463.
    I begin my discussion by considering how to relate Descartes’s more general concern with the conduct of life to the metaphysics and epistemology in the foreground of his philosophical project. I then turn to the texts in which Descartes offers his developed ethical thought and present the case for Descartes as a virtue ethicist. My argument emerges from seeing that Descartes’s conception of virtue and the good owes much to Stoic ethics, a school of thought which saw a significant revival (...)
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  26. added 2019-12-18
    The Role of Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy: A Critique of Popkin's "Sceptical Crisis" and a Study of Descartes and Hume.Raman Sachdev - 2019 - Dissertation, University of South Florida
    The aim of this dissertation is to provide a critique of the idea that skepticism was the driving force in the development of early modern thought. Historian of philosophy Richard Popkin introduced this thesis in the 1950s and elaborated on it over the next five decades, and recent scholarship shows that it has become an increasingly accepted interpretation. I begin with a study of the relevant historical antecedents—the ancient skeptical traditions of which early modern thinkers were aware—Pyrrhonism and Academicism. Then (...)
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  27. added 2019-12-01
    Epistemology: Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements Vol. 64, Edited by Anthony O'Hear. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Pp. 152. ISBN 13: 978-0-52113858-1. £20. [REVIEW]Matthew Fluck - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (2):155-159.
  28. added 2019-10-13
    De somnis i il·lusions. Llegim les Meditacions Metafísiques (1641) de Descartes (2018).Montserrat Crespin Perales - manuscript
    Texto presentación - Festival de Filosofia Barcelona Pensa 2018 Queda terminantemente prohibida la reproducción total o parcial de este documento, así como su uso indebido y/o su exhibición o comunicación a terceros. Código de registro 1912062630974 .
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  29. added 2019-10-11
    Perfection in the Balance of Descartes's Epistemological Project.Jemimah Thompson - 2019 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 36 (2):139-159.
    This article redresses the function of the theodicy in Descartes's epistemological project. In the Fourth Meditation, Descartes establishes the meditator's knowledge as attainable through the proper use of the freedom of the will in the act of judgment. This freedom implies a will that is at once perfect in its likeness to God's own will and only perfectible in its propensity to err in its judgments. The theodicy is thus necessary to sustain the balance between the (unlimited) perfection of God (...)
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  30. added 2019-10-04
    Skill and the Critique of Descartes in Gilbert Ryle and Maurice Merleau-Ponty.Gabrielle Jackson - 2010 - In Kascha Semonovitch Neal DeRoo (ed.), Merleau-Ponty at the Limits of Art, Religion, and Perception. Continuum. pp. 63.
    The mechanistic concept of the body, as inherited from René Descartes, has generated considerable trouble in philosophy—including, at least in part, the mind-body problem itself. Still, the corps mécanique remains perhaps the most prevalent though least examined assumption in recent philosophy of mind. I discuss two notable exceptions. Gilbert Ryle and Maurice Merleau-Ponty rejected this assumption for surprisingly similar reasons. Writing at about the same time, though in different languages and in very different circles, they each attempted to articulate a (...)
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  31. added 2019-09-29
    Descartes' Demon--More Powerful and Just Than God?Joshua M. Hall - 2015 - In Benjamin McCraw & Rob Arp (eds.), Philosophical Approaches to the Devil. New York, NY, USA: pp. 106-118.
    The demon is, in the thinker,s words, "supremely powerful and clever", and it is only the combination of these two traits with the demon's incessant deception that empowers Descartes to stage the radical doubt that will terminate in his attempted proofs of God and the material world. The reason the demon is necessary is that the thinker cannot prove that it would be wrong for God to allow us to be deceived occasionally. Thus, Descartes needed, methodologically and rhetorically, something more (...)
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  32. added 2019-09-26
    Usages Contemporains de Descartes : Introduction.Alexandre Billon & Édouard Mehl - 2018 - Methodos 18.
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  33. added 2019-09-24
    Historical Dictionary of Descartes and Cartesian Philosophy. [REVIEW]Kristopher G. Phillips - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (1):209-211.
    A review of the Historical Dictionary as a research resource.
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  34. added 2019-09-24
    Descartes and the First Cartesians. [REVIEW]Kristopher G. Phillips - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (1):178-181.
    A review of Roger Ariew's 2014 monograph.
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  35. added 2019-09-09
    A Cartesian Rereading of Badiou’s Political Subjectivity.James Griffith - 2019 - Philosophy Today 63 (1):93-100.
    This article traces the consequences for Badiou’s political subjectivity if his understanding of the Cartesian subject is incorrect. For Badiou, the faithful subject, political and otherwise, is formed through fidelity to the appearance of an event of truth, and the process of this fidelity creates a world. These truths are immanent to the worlds in which they appear. An obscure subject, however, is faithful to a negation, while a reactive subject denies the appearance of a truth’s event. Badiou’s subject radicalizes (...)
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  36. added 2019-09-09
    Descartes: New Thoughts on the Senses.Gary Hatfield - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (3):443-464.
    Descartes analysed the mind into various faculties or powers, including pure intellect, imagination, senses, and will. This article focuses on his account of the sensory power, in relation to its Aristotelian background. Descartes accepted from the Aristotelians that the senses serve to preserve the body by detecting benefits and harms. He rejected the scholastic Aristotelian sensory ontology of resembling species, or ‘forms without matter’. For the visual sense, Descartes offered a mechanistic ontology and a partially mechanized account of sensory processes, (...)
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  37. added 2019-09-09
    Hyperbolická skepse a cesta ke ”cogito” v Descartových “Meditacích”.Josef Moural - 2003 - Filosoficky Casopis 51:739-755.
    [Hyperbolic scepticismand the path towards the “cogito”. in Descartes' ”Meditations”].
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  38. added 2019-08-28
    Concepts of Force in Spinoza's Psychology.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 1981 - Studia Leibnitiana. Supplementa 20:138-144.
    The paper discusses the role of the concepts of conatus, potentia, vis in Spinoza's project of a new science of the Galilean kind of the passions of the mind and of men’s way of living. I argue that he tries to work out a dynamic – as contrasted with kinematic – approach to psychology.
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  39. added 2019-08-27
    Descartes and Spinoza on the Love of God.Lilli Alanen - 2016 - In Hemmo Laiho & Arto Repo (eds.), DE NATURA RERUM - Scripta in honorem professoris Olli Koistinen sexagesimum annum complentis. Turku: University of Turku. pp. 74-97.
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  40. added 2019-08-27
    Descartes' Punctum Archimedis: The Primality and Unity of Being, the Derivateness of the General Dualities.Joseph Almog - 2016 - In Hemmo Laiho & Arto Repo (eds.), DE NATURA RERUM - Scripta in honorem professoris Olli Koistinen sexagesimum annum complentis. Turku: University of Turku. pp. 25-58.
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  41. added 2019-08-27
    Why Things Matter: Camus' Meursault and Descartes' Causal Principle.Jani Sinokki - 2016 - In Hemmo Laiho & Arto Repo (eds.), DE NATURA RERUM - Scripta in honorem professoris Olli Koistinen sexagesimum annum complentis. Turku: University of Turku. pp. 59-73.
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  42. added 2019-08-20
    Al-Ghazali and Descartes From Doubt to Certainty.Mohammad Alwahaib - 2018 - Philosophical Inquiry 42 (3-4):120-137.
    This paper clarifies the philosophical connection between Al-Ghazali and Descartes, with the goal to articulate similarities and differences in their famous journeys from doubt to certainty. As such, its primary focus is on the chain of their reasoning, starting from their conceptions of truth and doubt arguments, until their arrival at truth. Both philosophers agreed on the ambiguous character of ordinary everyday knowledge and decided to set forth in undermining its foundations. As such, most scholars tend to agree that the (...)
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  43. added 2019-08-15
    O Método de René Descartes.Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro da Silva - manuscript
    RENÉ DESCARTES E O MÉTODO CARTESIANO -/- RENÉ DESCARTES AND THE CARTESIAN METHOD -/- Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro da Silva - CAP-UFPE, IFPE-BJ e UFRPE. E-mails: eisaque335@gmail.com e eics@discente.ifpe.edu.br. WhatsApp: (82)98143-8399. -/- INTRODUÇÃO -/- Antes de abordar a metafísica tal qual Descartes a propõe como uma sólida “fundamentação” das ciências e, também, antes de falar das ciências construídas para a busca desse fundamento, é necessário analisar o método cartesiano, salve que é a alma desse presente artigo. Não se trata apenas de (...)
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  44. added 2019-08-15
    Biografia sobre René Descartes.Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro da Silva - manuscript
    RENÉ DESCARTES: UMA BIOGRAFIA -/- RENÉ DESCARTES: A BIOGRAPHY -/- Emanuel Isaque Cordeiro da Silva - CAP-UFPE, IFPE-BJ e UFRPE. E-mails: eisaque335@gmail.com e eics@discente.ifpe.edu.br. WhatsApp: (82)98143-8399. -/- -/- Nascido em 1596 em Haia, nas fronteiras de Touraine e Poitou, em uma família nobre, René Descartes vem ao mundo ao mesmo ano em que Johannes Kepler (1671-1630), em seu primeiro trabalho publicado (Mysterium cosmographicum), prova a superioridade da astronomia moderna (a de Nicolau Copérnico (1473-1543)) da astronomia antiga (a de Ptolomeu (90-168 (...)
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  45. added 2019-08-08
    Descartes on Hatred.Melanie Tate - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (3):336-349.
    This paper examines Descartes’ account of hatred. Descartes holds that individuals should not hate, because hatred separates us from goods, causes sadness, and produces vicious character traits. Although some scholars argue that hatred is necessary to protect the body, I argue that Descartes holds that hatred is not necessary to protect the body, because there are other means of protecting the body that do not involve hatred. I conclude this paper by showing the place of hatred in Descartes’ broader moral (...)
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  46. added 2019-06-25
    The Value of Critical Knowledge, Ethics and Education: Philosophical History Bringing Epistemic and Critical Values to Values.Ignace Haaz - 2019 - Geneva, Switzerland: Globethics Publications.
    This book aims at six important conceptual tools developed by philosophers. The author develops each particular view in a chapter, hoping to constitute at the end a concise, interesting and easily readable whole. These concepts are: 1. Ethics and realism: elucidation of the distinction between understanding and explanation – the lighthouse type of normativity. 2. Leadership, antirealism and moral psychology – the lightning rod type of normativity. 3. Bright light on self-identity and positive reciprocity – the reciprocity type of normativity. (...)
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  47. added 2019-06-13
    Descartes’s Anti-Transparency and the Need for Radical Doubt.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5:1083-1129.
    Descartes is widely portrayed as the arch proponent of “the epistemological transparency of thought” (or simply, “Transparency”). The most promising version of this view—Transparency-through-Introspection—says that introspecting (i.e., inwardly attending to) a thought guarantees certain knowledge of that thought. But Descartes rejects this view and provides numerous counterexamples to it. I argue that, instead, Descartes’s theory of self-knowledge is just an application of his general theory of knowledge. According to his general theory, certain knowledge is acquired only through clear and distinct (...)
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  48. added 2019-06-10
    The Relevance of Cartesianism.Vincent Carraud - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 21:69-81.
    A philosophy need not be afraid of being out-of-date. Any true philosophy, untimely as soon as it is published, necessarily remains so, thus necessarily remains relevant. This is the case of Descartes' philosophy. But in the case of Cartesianism, there is more to it: Descartes' philosophy goes in quest of the decisive, the principle, the very first Beginning. And the philosophy in quest of the Beginning is, indeed, a radical and original philosophy: what keeps its interest to Descartes' project and, (...)
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  49. added 2019-06-10
    Doubt, Knowledge and the Cogito in Descartes' Meditations.John Watling - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 20:57-71.
    Descartes published his Meditations in First Philosophy in 1641. A French translation from the original Latin, which he saw and approved, followed six years later. The words ‘in First Philosophy’ indicate that the Meditations attack fundamental questions, the chief of them being the nature of knowledge and the nature of man. I shall deal almost entirely with his treatment of the first, the nature of knowledge; even when the two questions become mixed up, as they notoriously do, I shall not (...)
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  50. added 2019-06-10
    Descartes', Sixth Meditation: The External World, ‘Nature’ and Human Experience.John Cottingham - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 20:73-89.
    Descartes's proof of the existence of material things is dissected as a paradigm of the style of reasoning in the "meditations". A tension emerges between two senses of "the teachings of nature", Which sometime denotes the light of reason, And sometimes merely a strong conviction. The tension continues later in meditation six: nature in one sense tells us that we are embodied beings, But in another sense that we are incorporeal minds. It is never properly resolved.
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