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4260 found
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1 — 50 / 4260
  1. added 2019-01-05
    In Search of Enlightenment by Reading Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot.Syed Ismyl Mahmood Rizvi - 2015 - Literaria: An International Journal of New Literature Across the World 5 (1-2):37-55.
    Beckett’s philosophical indebtedness has long been recognised – especially in conjunction with Dante, Descartes and Geulincx. In this article, I examine Beckettian universal values of Enlightenment, which will be exposed as self-serving mystifications that rationalize and instrumentalize the meaning of life. In this context, the awareness of the Enlightenment nature of Beckett’s writing in Waiting for Godot will be analysed along with the freedom appeal of his reader as he strives to attain the enlightenment.
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  2. added 2019-01-03
    Time and Narrative in Descartes’s Meditations.Michael Campbell - 2017 - Dissertation, University of Canberra
    Descartes’s Meditations on First Philosophy, regarded by many as his masterpiece, has been the subject of significant philosophical debate since its publication in 1641. Yet the Meditations is remarkable not only for its philosophical ideas but also for the style in which it was written. Two of the most notable stylistic elements of the Meditations are the use of temporal markers—a significant departure from analogous philosophical treatises of the same period—and the fact that the text is written in such a (...)
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  3. added 2018-12-31
    Locke and Descartes on Mental Transparency.Philipp Norman Müller - 2018 - Society and Politics 12 (1):72-94.
    The transparency thesis – i.e. the doctrine that every mental state is necessarily conscious – was a widespread view in early modern philosophy. In this paper, I inquire into the role of mental transparency in the philosophies of John Locke and René Descartes. I begin by sketching a shared Lockean-Cartesian picture of mind as it pertains to the psychological or structural aspects of consciousness. I then distinguish mental transparency from the closely related concept of epistemic transparency and argue that the (...)
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  4. added 2018-12-31
    Intellectual Memory and Consciousness in Descartes’s Philosophy of Mind.Dániel Schmal - 2018 - Society and Politics 12 (2):28-49.
    Although Descartes’s ideas regarding consciousness and memory have been studied extensively, few attempts have been made to address their systemic relations. In order to redress this deficiency, I argue in favor of three interrelated theses. The first is that intellectual memory has a crucial role to play in Descartes’s concept of consciousness, especially when it comes to explaining higher forms of consciousness. Second, the connection between memory and consciousness has been obscured by the fact that intellectual memory, taken as a (...)
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  5. added 2018-12-07
    Descartes and Hume on I-Thoughts.Luca Forgione - 2018 - Thémata: Revista de Filosofía 57:211-228.
    Self-consciousness can be understood as the ability to think I-thou-ghts which can be described as thoughts about oneself ‘as oneself’. Self-consciousness possesses two specific correlated features: the first regards the fact that it is grounded on a first-person perspective, whereas the second concerns the fact that it should be considered a consciousness of the self as subject rather than a consciousness of the self as object. The aim of this paper is to analyse a few considerations about Descartes and Hume’s (...)
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  6. added 2018-12-03
    "Арґумент зомбі" проти матеріалізму: основи та перспективи подальшого дослідження.Andrii Leonov - 2017 - Philosophical Thought 3 (3):57-77.
    The paper deals with the main argument against the doctrine of Materialism and the heart of the mind-body problem — the Zombie argument. The main proponent of the idea of philosophical zombies is the Australian philosopher David Chalmers, whose main opus 'The Conscious Mind' is wholly based on the idea of conceivability and logical possibility of zombies. The author aims to show that for the adequate analysis of Chalmers' zombie argument, the frame of the Analytic philosophy alone is not sufficient, (...)
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  7. added 2018-12-03
    Searle and Putnam on the Nature of Mental States.Przemysław Paleczny - 2015 - Diametros 46:74-91.
    The paper deals with the controversy between internalism and externalism on the nature of mental states, and its relevance to the philosophy of perception. In particular, the controversy between Hilary Putnam's natural realism and John Searle's direct realism is discussed. It is argued that Searle's defense of internalism fails to meet Putnam’s objections. Putnam’s case is even strengthened and the very source of the internalism vs. externalism controversy is identified in their shared assumptions. The rejection of these assumptions, together with (...)
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  8. added 2018-11-21
    Affirmation, Judgment, and Epistemic Theodicy in Descartes and Spinoza.Martin Lin - forthcoming - In Brian Ball & Christoph Schuringa (eds.), The Act and Object of Judgment. New York: Routledge.
  9. added 2018-11-20
    Another Mind-Body Problem: A History of Racial Non-Being.John Harfouch - 2018 - Albany: SUNY.
    The mind-body problem in philosophy is typically understood as a discourse concerning the relation of mental states to physical states, and the experience of sensation. On this level it seems to transcend issues of race and racism, but Another Mind-Body Problem demonstrates that racial distinctions have been an integral part of the discourse since the Modern period in philosophy. Reading figures such as Descartes, Leibniz, and Kant in their historical contexts, John Harfouch uncovers discussions of mind and body that engaged (...)
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  10. added 2018-11-20
    The Form of Descartes’ Method of Doubt.Patrick Brissey - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (2):233-249.
    I argue that Descartes’ approach in the First Meditation is the same as the one found in Rule VIII, with some modifications, and this helps toward establishing a connection between the Regulae and Meditationes that has gone unnoticed by scholars.
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  11. added 2018-11-19
    Descartes’s Epistemic Commitment to Telescopes and Microscopes.George J. Aulisio - forthcoming - Dialogue:1-33.
    In the Optics, Descartes claims that telescopes and microscopes lead to morally certain knowledge. It is unclear, however, that Descartes’s expressed confidence in these instruments is warranted. In this article, I show how a limited range of telescope and microscope observations could lead to morally certain knowledge for Descartes, and how observations beyond this range admit of enough reasonable doubt to undermine moral certainty. I also explain moral certainty as a form of knowledge in Descartes’s scientific practices, his epistemic commitment (...)
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  12. added 2018-11-15
    Lichtenberg’s Point.Boris Hennig - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (2):265-286.
    _ Source: _Volume 95, Issue 2, pp 265 - 286 The author argues that when Lichtenberg recommends saying “It is thinking” instead of “I am thinking”, he is not suggesting that thought might be a subjectless occurrence. Lichtenberg’s point is, rather, that we are often the _passive_ subject or medium of our thoughts. The author further argues that Descartes’ _cogito_ argument is not affected by this point, because Descartes does not claim that we must be the active subject of all (...)
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  13. added 2018-11-15
    " Insofar as" in Descartes' Definition of Thought.Boris Hennig - 2011 - Studia Leibnitiana 43 (2):145-159.
    In Principia Philosophiae I 9, Descartes defines “thought” as follows: “By the name ‘thought’ I understand all that which happens in us such that we are conscious of it, insofar as there is consciousness of it in us”. I inquire how to read the "insofar as" in this definition.
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  14. added 2018-11-05
    Towards Descartes’ Scientific Method: A Posteriori Evidence and the Rhetoric of Les Météores.Patrick Brissey - 2018 - In James Lancaster & Richard Raiswell (eds.), Evidence in the Age of the New Sciences. Springer. pp. pp. 77-99.
    I argue that Descartes uses his method as evidence in the Discours and Les Météores. I begin by establishing there is a single method in Descartes’ works, using his meteorology as a case study. First, I hold that the method of the Regulae is best explained by two examples: one scientific, his proof of the anaclastic curve (1626), and one metaphysical, his question of the essence and scope of human knowledge (1628). Based on this account, I suggest that the form (...)
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  15. added 2018-10-19
    Love in the Ruins: Passion in Descartes’ Meditations.William Beardsley - 2005 - In Annette Claire Baier, Joyce Jenkins, Jennifer Whiting & Christopher Williams (eds.), Persons And Passions: Essays In Honor Of Annette Baier. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press. pp. 34-47.
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  16. added 2018-10-19
    "N. Grimaldi": L'expérience de la pensée dans la philosophie de Descartes. [REVIEW]D. Schulthess - 1980 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 112:211.
    A review of Nicolas Grimaldi’s L’expérience de la pensée dans la philosophie de Descartes (1978), a work proposing an interpretation of Descartes which disentangles the (“rhizomatic”) “experience of thought” in Descartes’ philosophy from the “order of reasons” of his system (cf. Martial Gueroult). In his intellectual development, Descartes successively explores three orders of thoughts: the order of truth, the order of utility, and the order of freedom.
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  17. added 2018-10-09
    Garber, Daniel. Descartes Embodied: Reading Cartesian Philosophy Through Cartesian Science.John Marshall - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):171-172.
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  18. added 2018-10-09
    The Ontology of Descartes.Ivor Leclerc - 1980 - Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):297 - 323.
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  19. added 2018-10-08
    Ariew, Roger, and Grene, Marjorie, Eds. Descartes and His Contemporaries: Meditations, Objections and Replies.Michael T. Kane - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):386-387.
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  20. added 2018-10-08
    The "Teaching of Nature" in Descartes' Soul Doctrine.Richard Kennington - 1972 - Review of Metaphysics 26 (1):86-117.
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  21. added 2018-09-27
    The Problem of Descartes's First Meditation and its Solution.Charles Raff - manuscript
    Descartes’s First Meditation imposes a pressing, currently neglected problem of reconciling its sound central argument that concludes that all the meditator’s current and currently prospective results are doubtful with subsequent Meditations’ results that are not at all doubtful. The problem cannot be addressed by received interpretations that fail to credit the First Meditation with a sound extended central argument; it cannot be solved by interpretations reliant on standard translations that obscure the Second Meditation’s opening argument. This study credits the First (...)
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  22. added 2018-09-27
    "The Shape of Descartes's MEDITATIONS".Charles Raff - manuscript
    This study credits Descartes’s Meditations with a linear central argument that can achieve its meditator’s announced goal for knowledge in prospective mathematical sciences. The argument starts from the Second Meditation’s opening argument that provides premises with an epistemic feature that enables the central argument to advance to its theist conclusion free of vicious circularity. Nevertheless, not only do standard translations obscure the Second Meditation’s opening argument. Also, the original and long-standing ‘Cartesian Circle’ Objections picture Descartes’s Meditations as a circle, but (...)
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  23. added 2018-09-27
    Da Rocha, Emanuel Angelo.“Considerações sobre o método, a ordem eo entendimento em René Descartes e Benedictus de Spinoza”, Estudios de Filosofía 33. Medellín: Instituto de Filosofía, Universidad de Antioquia.(2006): 53-64. [REVIEW]José Luis Cárdenas - 2007 - Ideas Y Valores 56 (135):144-145.
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  24. added 2018-09-27
    Gonzalo Serrano: La querella en torno al silogismo 1605-1704. Conocimiento versus forma lógica. Bogota: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2006, 271 pp. [REVIEW]José Luis Cárdenas - 2007 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 19 (1):159-163.
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  25. added 2018-09-26
    Willensfreiheit und Aufmerksamkeit bei Descartes.Peter Schulte - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 71 (1):5-36.
    The claims about free will that Descartes makes in his writings seem, at first glance, to be inconsistent. In recent years, several authors have argued that we can dissolve the apparent contradiction by taking a closer look at the role that attention plays in Descartes’s theory of the processes of judging and deciding. Prima facie, this exegetical approach seems promising, thus its considerable influence is understandable. Nevertheless, I aim to show that the approach is doomed to failure, since its proponents (...)
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  26. added 2018-09-26
    Thomas Aquinas, Perceptual Resemblance, Categories, and the Reality of Secondary Qualities.Paul Symington - 2011 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 85:237-252.
    Arguably one of the most fundamental phase shifts that occurred in the intellectual history of Western culture involved the ontological reduction of secondary qualities to primary qualities. To say the least, this reduction worked to undermine the foundations undergirding Aristotelian thought in support of a scientific view of the world based strictly on an examination of the real—primary— qualities of things. In this essay, I identify the so-called “Causal Argument” for a reductive view of secondary qualities and seek to deflect (...)
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  27. added 2018-09-25
    The Freedom of Thought: Patočka on Descartes and Husserl.Anita Williams - 2018 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 50 (1):37-49.
    ABSTRACTPatočka highlights the central role of Cartesianism in our tradition of thinking. Yet, today, brain scientists often claim to have overcome Cartesian dualism. In this paper, I argue that the Cartesian conceptions of human nature and sensory perception remain presuppositions of brain science, where perception is largely equated with thinking. Equating perception and thinking means that thinking is a determined process, which leads to an erosion of critique. Critique, and the freedom of thought it entails, is essential to Descartes, Husserl (...)
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  28. added 2018-09-25
    El yo y la libertad: raíces patrísticas de la antropología renacentista y moderna.Francisco Bastitta-Harriet - 2012 - RIIM 56:35-56.
    Humanists and philosophers in the Quattrocento find inspiration for their treatises on human dignity not only in Classical Antiquity, but also in the works of the Church Fathers. The present paper examines the influence of the latter on the theories of freedom at the dawn of Modernity, especially regarding the Patristic conception of human self as person or hypostasis, whose free decision is considered inviolable, creative and irreducible to its own nature or essence.
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  29. added 2018-09-19
    La notion d'a priori chez Descartes et les philosophes médiévaux.Martin Pickave - 2005 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 75 (4):433.
    Cet article essaie de démontrer que le discours cartésien sur l’a priori est tributaire de la tradition philosophique antérieure et en particulier de la tradition médiévale. Selon cette dernière, l’expression a priori est strictement liée à un certain type de démonstration. Cette interprétation n’est pas contredite par les emplois que Descartes fait de l’expression a priori dans le traitement de deux thèmes clés de son œuvre : ses remarques sur l’ordre des raisons dans ses Méditations et sa présentation d’une des (...)
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  30. added 2018-09-11
    Perceiving Ideas.Joseph Hwang - 2018 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 100 (3):286-310.
    At the heart of Descartes’s theory of cognition is the act of perceiving an idea. However, it remains unclear what precisely an idea is, what the act of perceiving ideas amounts to, and how that act contributes to the formation of cognition under Descartes’s view. In this paper, I provide an account of perceiving ideas that clarifies Descartes’s notion of an idea and explains the fundamental role that the perceiving of ideas occupies in his theory of cognition. At the end (...)
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  31. added 2018-09-09
    Descartes and Cartesianism: Essays in Honour of Desmond Clarke.Stephen Gaukroger & Catherine Wilson (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection of original essays deals with Cartesian themes and problems, especially as these arise in connection with Cartesian natural science and the theory of perception, agency, mentality, divinity, and the passions. It focuses in particular on Desmond Clarke's important contributions to these aspects of Descartes's writings.
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  32. added 2018-09-06
    Descartes’s Indefinitely Extended Universe.Jasper Reid - forthcoming - Dialogue:1-29.
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  33. added 2018-09-06
    Descartes and the Suspension of Judgment–Considerations of Cartesian Skepticism and Epoché.Jan Forsman - 2018 - In Konstantinos Boudouris (ed.), Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy. Greek Philosophical Society. pp. 15-20.
    In this paper I will argue how Descartes in the First and Second Meditation of the Meditations uses a very clear suspension of judgments or assent that in many ways resembles the epoché of the ancient skepticism, especially that of pyrrhonistic variant. First I show how the pyrrhonistic epoché works and what purpose it was used. After that I show how this Cartesian epoché both resembles and differs from the ancient epoché. My main argument is that Descartes, when using the (...)
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  34. added 2018-09-06
    Descartes on Universal Essences and Divine Knowledge.Lawrence Nolan - 2017 - In Tad Schmaltz & Stefano Di Bella (eds.), The Problem of Universals in Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  35. added 2018-09-06
    Insight and Inference: Descartes’s Founding Principle and Modern Philosophy. [REVIEW]Lawrence Nolan - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):105-108.
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  36. added 2018-08-27
    Phantom Sensations: What's a Brain to Do? A Critical Review of the Re-Mapping Hypothesis.Daniel DeFranco - 2018 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 5 (1):1-25.
    I will review the most widely held account of phantom sensations; the “re-mapping hypothesis.” According to the re-mapping hypothesis, amputation is followed by significant neural reorganization that, over time, restores the alignment between the brain’s representation of and the actual condition of the body. Implicit in the re-mapping hypothesis is the view that the brain’s primary function is to accurately represent the body. In response, I propose an alternative theory, the “preservation hypothesis.” The preservation hypothesis argues that the primary function (...)
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  37. added 2018-08-20
    Les Néokantiens. Valeur et vérité Éric Dufour Collection «Bibliothèque des philosophies» Paris, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 2003, 192 p. [REVIEW]Arnaud Dewalque - 2005 - Dialogue 44 (1):169-.
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  38. added 2018-08-14
    “The Body I Call ‘Mine’ ”: A Sense of Bodily Ownership in Descartes.Colin Chamberlain - forthcoming - European Journal of Philosophy.
    How does Descartes characterize the peculiar way in which each of us is aware of our bodies? I argue that Descartes recognizes a sense of bodily ownership, such that the body sensorily appears to be one's own in bodily awareness. This sensory appearance of ownership is ubiquitous, for Descartes, in that bodily awareness always confers a sense of ownership. This appearance is confused, in so far as bodily awareness simultaneously represents the subject as identical to, partially composed by, and united (...)
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  39. added 2018-08-11
    Del cartesianismo de Quine hacia el giro epistemológico intersubjetivo.Diana Couto - 2018 - In L. Valls, A. Meléndez, B. Fernández & A. L. Batalla (eds.), Nuevas tendencias en la Filosofía Contemporánea. Valencia, España: pp. 21-43.
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  40. added 2018-07-31
    A Bodily Sense of Self in Descartes and Malebranche.Colin Chamberlain - 2016 - In Jari Kaukua & Tomas Ekenberg (eds.), Subjectivity and Selfhood in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. Basel, Switzerland: pp. 219-234.
    Although Descartes and Malebranche argue that we are immaterial thinking things, they also maintain that each of us stands in a unique experiential relation to a single human body, such that we feel as though this body belongs to us and is part of ourselves. This paper examines Descartes’s and Malebranche’s accounts of this feeling. They hold that our experience of being embodied is grounded in affective bodily sensations that feel good or bad: namely, sensations of pleasure and pain, hunger (...)
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  41. added 2018-07-27
    Zur Infinitisierung der Automaten: Descartes Und Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - In J. Soering & R. Sorgg (eds.), Die Androiden: Zur Poetologie der Automaten. Francfort: P. Lang. pp. p.85-98..
    The article compares Descartes’ and Leibniz’ use of the concept of a machine. For Descartes, the activity of the engineers rises to become the model for the scientific enterprise: one proceeds from the simple and the familiar to explain the complex. In this way one can escape the sheer astonishment about the complexity of the machines and their effects. This mechanical model is extended also to the explanation of the living beings. Also Leibniz regards living beings as machines. The difference (...)
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  42. added 2018-07-24
    Imaginação e incompatibilidade dualista.Matheus Gomes Reis Pinto - 2017 - Contextura 9 (11):55-60.
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  43. added 2018-06-28
    Mind and Language: Essays on Descartes and Chomsky.Harry M. Bracken - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (2):249-251.
  44. added 2018-06-20
    Egalitarian Moments: From Descartes to Rancière.Devin Zane Shaw - 2016 - New York, NY, USA: Bloomsbury.
    Jacques Rancière's work has challenged many of the assumptions of contemporary continental philosophy by placing equality at the forefront of emancipatory political thought and aesthetics. Drawing on the claim that egalitarian politics persistently appropriates elements from political philosophy to engage new forms of dissensus, Devin Zane Shaw argues that Rancière's work also provides an opportunity to reconsider modern philosophy and aesthetics in light of the question of equality. In Part I, Shaw examines Rancière's philosophical debts to the 'good sense' of (...)
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  45. added 2018-06-11
    Spinoza and Dutch Cartesianism: Philosophy and Theology, by Alexander X. Douglas. [REVIEW]Yitzhak Melamed - 2017 - Mind 126 (504):1244-1251.
    _ Spinoza and Dutch Cartesianism: Philosophy and Theology _, by DouglasAlexander X.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. viii + 184.
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  46. added 2018-06-11
    El Compendium musicae y la confesión de Descartes.Mario Edmundo Chávez Tortolero - 2016 - Theoría. Revista del Colegio de Filosofía 31:133-148.
    In this paper I will expose the contents of the Compendium musicae in the light of the Cartesian philosophy. Firstly, I try to comprehend the text as a theory of music based on the nature of sound. To that end, it is important to show the features of the Cartesian philosophy that are already present in the text, such as deductibility, mathematization and mechanism. Secondly, I also try to show the presence of a philosophical problem widely discussed in other parts (...)
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  47. added 2018-06-09
    Descartes e o Nascimento da Filosofia Moderna.André C. Ferreira de Souza - 2013 - Lavras, Brazil: CEAD-Centro de Apoio à Educação a Distância da Universidade Federal de Lavras.
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  48. added 2018-06-08
    Descartes Our Contemporary. [REVIEW]James Edwin Mahon - 1999 - The European Legacy 4 (4):98-101.
    In this review of two books, Descartes: An Intellectual Biography, by Stephen Gaukroger, and Descartes and his Contemporaries: Meditations, Objections, and Replies, edited by Roger Ariew and Marjorie Grene, I consider arguments about the motivation of Descartes for writing the Meditations on First Philosophy. According to Gaukroger, Descartes wrote the Meditations simply to legitimate his natural philosophy, which he had already worked out, for an audience of theologians and Scholastic philosophers, whom he feared would condemn it (as Galileo had been (...)
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  49. added 2018-06-03
    A Sound Cartesian Argument From Doubt for Dualism.Ari Maunu - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (4):461-465.
    I put forward a version of the Cartesian Argument from Doubt for mind–body dualism. My version utilizes de re statements, which means that it is not vulnerable to the usual charge of intensional fallacy. The key de re statement is, ‘Body is such that its existence is entailed by Mind’s believing that Body does not exist’, which is false, whereas the respective ‘Mind is such that its existence is entailed by Mind’s believing that Body does not exist’ is true.
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  50. added 2018-05-31
    The Task of Philosophy in the Anthropocene: Axial Echoes in Global Space.Richard Polt & Jon Wittrock - 2018 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    In its early modern form, philosophy gave a decisive impetus to the science and technology that have transformed the planet and brought on the so-called Anthropocene. Can philosophy now help us understand this new age and act within it? The contributors to this volume take a broad historical view as they reflect on the responsibilities and possibilities for philosophy today. -/- The term ‘Anthropocene’ signifies the era of the arrival of human beings as a force that affects global ecosystems in (...)
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1 — 50 / 4260