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Subcategories:History/traditions: Reproductive Ethics

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  1. Notice of Redundant Publication: Can the Difference in Medical Fees for Self and Donor Freeze-Thaw Embryo Transfer Cycle, Be in Fact a Cover-Up for the Sale of Donated Human Embryos?$authorfirstName $authorlastName - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):15.
    Please note that a commentary recently published in this journal (Heng; Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2007, 2:3) includes substantial duplication of Letters to the Editor published in Developing World Bioethics (Heng; Developing World Bioethics 2007, 7:49) and Human Fertility (Heng; Human Fertility 2007, 10: 129-130).
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  2. Nonconfrontational Rationality or Critical Reasoning.Vilhj?? Lmur ?? Rnason - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (2):228.
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  3. Estimating Parity Specific Rate of Induced Abortion: A New Approach.Rajib Acharya, H. Eini-Zinab, S. Islam, M. A. Islam, S. S. Padmadas, S. Billingsley, T. Spoorenberg, D. Beguy, K. Grace & C. Muresan - 2010 - Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (6):705-19.
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  4. Conceptualising a Child-Centric Paradigm.Damian H. Adams - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):369-381.
    Since its inception, donor conception practices have been a reproductive choice for the infertile. Past and current practices have the potential to cause significant and lifelong harm to the offspring through loss of kinship, heritage, identity, and family health history, and possibly through introducing physical problems. Legislation and regulation in Australia that specifies that the welfare of the child born as a consequence of donor conception is paramount may therefore be in conflict with the outcomes. Altering the paradigm to a (...)
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  5. An Inquiry Into the Nature of the Family.Richard N. Adams - 1960 - In Gertrude Evelyn Dole (ed.), Essays in the Science of Culture. New York: Crowell.
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  6. Note on the Stem Structure Ofboscia Rehmanniana, Pest.R. S. Adamson - 1936 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 23 (4):297-301.
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  7. Embryo Donation in Iran: An Ethical Review.Leila Afshar & Alireza Bagheri - 2013 - Developing World Bioethics 13 (3):119-124.
    Iran is the only Muslim country that has legislation on embryo donation, adopted in 2003. With an estimated 10–15% of couples in the country that are infertile, there are not any legal or religious barriers that prohibit an infertile couple from taking advantage of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs). Although all forms of ARTs available in Iran have been legitimized by religious authorities, there is a lack of legislation in all ARTs except embryo donation. By highlighting ethical issues in embryo donation, (...)
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  8. Why is It Possible to Enhance Moral Status and Why Doing so is Wrong?N. Agar - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):67-74.
    This paper presents arguments for two claims. First, post-persons, beings with a moral status superior to that of mere persons, are possible. Second, it would be bad to create such beings. Actions that risk bringing them into existence should be avoided. According to Allen Buchanan, it is possible to enhance moral status up to the level of personhood. But attempts to improve status beyond that fail for want of a target - there is no category of moral status superior to (...)
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  9. The Limits of Reproductive Technology: Who Decides?Ellen S. Agard & Edward E. Wallach - 1999 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (4):329.
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  10. Lecturas del principio de precaución en el debate actual sobre el estatuto ético del embrión humano.Pamela Chávez Aguilar - 2013 - Dilemata 11:113-125.
    This paper analyzes the precautionary principle in the discussion about the ethical status of the human embryo. In this debate, some argue that the mere probability that a human person is involved justifies the duty to refrain from harming to the human embryo; from another point of view, the respect for life and human dignity decreases if the human embryo is not respected; finally, the philosophers Hans Jonas and Jürgen Habermas have proposed the existence of responsibility towards the human life (...)
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  11. Repeat Induced Abortion: Single, Married and Divorced Women.B. E. Aguirre - 1980 - Journal of Biosocial Science 12 (3):275.
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  12. Therapeutic Cloning and Stem Cell Therapy.Bro John Ahmann - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):145-150.
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  13. Therapeutic Cloning and Stem Cell Therapy.John Ahmann - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):145-150.
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  14. Determinants of Pregnancy and Induced and Spontaneous Abortion in a Jointly Determined Framework: Evidence From a Country-Wide, District-Level Household Survey in India.Salma Ahmed & Ranjan Ray - 2014 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (4):480-517.
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  15. Determinants of Pregnancy and Induced and Spontaneous Abortion in a Jointly Determined Framework: Evidence From a Country-Wide, District-Level Household Survey in India.Salma Ahmed & Ranjan Ray - 2013 - Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (4):1-38.
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  16. Taking Parenting Public: The Case for a New Social Movement.Enola G. Aird, Allan C. Carlson, David Elkind, William A. Galston, S. Jody Heymann, Wade F. Horn, Bernice Kanner, Juliet B. Schor, Raymond Seidelman, Theda Skocpol, Ruy Teixeira, Cornel West, Peter Winn, Edward Wolff & Ruth A. Wooden - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Taking Parenting Public makes a compelling case that parenting has become dangerously undervalued in America today. It calls for a new investment—both personal and public—into the work of raising children and argues that we are all "stockholders" in the next generation. With a foreword by Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Cornel West, Taking Parenting Public crosses boundaries to bring together thinkers from diverse fields spanning the political spectrum. It features contributions from distinguished experts in economics, political science, public policy, child development, (...)
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  17. Continuation of Contraception Following Menstrual Regulation–a Bangladesh Experience.Halida H. Akhter & Rowland V. Rider - 1984 - Journal of Biosocial Science 16 (1):137.
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  18. Response To: A Rational Cure for Pre-Reproductive Stress Syndrome.S. Aksoy - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (4):382-383.
    This response to “A rational cure for pre-reproductive stress syndrome” first suggests it is existence that is essential and prerequisite to everything good or bad, therefore it deserves to be protected and respected. Secondly, it argues that every life is worth living, even if it is worse than some other lives, if the only alternative is non-existence. Finally, it takes a critical view of and challenges Häyry’s suggestion that in a good clinical situation, the idea of the irrationality of having (...)
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  19. Antenatal Screening and its Possible Meaning From Unborn Baby's Perspective.Sahin Aksoy - 2001 - BMC Medical Ethics 2 (1):1-11.
    In recent decades antenatal screening has become one of the most routine procedure of pregnancy-follow up and the subject of hot debate in bioethics circles. In this paper the rationale behind doing antenatal screening and the actual and potential problems that it may cause will be discussed. The paper will examine the issue from the point of wiew of parents, health care professionals and, most importantly, the child-to-be. It will show how unthoughtfully antenatal screening is performed and how pregnancy is (...)
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  20. The Effect of Consanguinity on Congenital Disabilities in the Kuwaiti Population.Yagoub Y. Al-Kandari & Douglas E. Crews - 2011 - Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (1):65-73.
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  21. Controversies and Considerations Regarding the Termination of Pregnancy for Foetal Anomalies in Islam.Abdulrahman Al-Matary & Jaffar Ali - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):10.
    Approximately one-fourth of all the inhabitants on earth are Muslims. Due to unprecedented migration, physicians are often confronted with cultures other than their own that adhere to different paradigms.
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  22. Gender and Reproduction.Linda Alcoff - 2008 - Asian Journal of Women's Studies 14 (4):7-27.
  23. Attitudes of Women of Reproductive Age to in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Research.Elizabeth M. Alder, David T. Baird, Martin M. Lees, Dennis W. Lincoln, Nancy B. Loudon & Allan A. Templeton - 1986 - Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (2):155.
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  24. Is There a Dysexecutive Syndrome?Donald T. Stuss & Alexander & P. Michael - 2008 - In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. Oxford University Press.
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  25. Abortion, Personhood, and Moral Rights.Donald Algeo - 1981 - The Monist 64 (4):543-549.
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  26. The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008: A Missed Opportunity?A. Alghrani - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (12):718-719.
    The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008: a missed opportunity?Amel AlghraniCorrespondence to Dr Amel Alghrani, Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation, Centre for Social Ethics and Policy, School of Law, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL; amel.alghrani@manchester.ac.ukReceived 16 September 2009 Accepted 24 September 2009 Regulating reproduction is no easy feat. In the past three decades we have witnessed a reproductive revolution and great strides have been made to alleviate the effects of infertility. Reproductive advances such as in-vitro fertilisation (...)
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  27. Womb Transplantation and the Interplay of Islam and the West.Amel Alghrani - 2013 - Zygon 48 (3):618-634.
    In Saudi Arabia in 2000 the world's first human uterus transplant was attempted with some success. In 2011 the second successful human uterus transplant took place in Turkey. Doctors in the United Kingdom have recently announced that uterus transplants will be carried out in the UK if doctors can raise enough funds to complete their research. As scientists continue to make progress in this domain this is anticipated to be the next breakthrough in the arena of assisted reproductive technologies. The (...)
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  28. “The Angel of the House” in the Realm of ART: Feminist Approach to Oocyte and Spare Embryo Donation for Research. [REVIEW]Anna Alichniewicz & Monika Michalowska - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):123-129.
    The spectacular progress in assisted reproduction technology that has been witnessed for the past thirty years resulted in emerging new ethical dilemmas as well as the revision of some perennial ones. The paper aims at a feminist approach to oocyte and spare embryo donation for research. First, referring to different concepts of autonomy and informed consent, we discuss whether the decision to donate oocyte/embryo can truly be an autonomous choice of a female patient. Secondly, we argue the commonly adopted language (...)
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  29. The Ganser Syndrome.David F. Allen, Jacques Postel & German E. Berrios - 2000 - In G. Berrios & J. Hodges (eds.), Memory Disorders in Psychiatric Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 443.
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  30. Physicians at War.Fritz Allhoff - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):101-114.
  31. Stem Cells and the Blastocyst Transfer Method: Some Concerns Regarding Autonomy.Fritz Allhoff - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):28 – 30.
  32. The Age of Unreason: A Review of Jane Maienschein, Embryos Under the Microscope. [REVIEW]Megan Allyse - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):1-2.
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  33. Mental Well-Being in Settings of ‘Complex Emergency’: An Overview.Astier M. Almedom & Derek Summerfield - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (4):381-388.
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  34. The Ethics of Parenthood, by Norvin Richards.B. Almond - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):838-842.
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  35. HIV and Pregnancy.Brenda Almond & Carole Ulanowsky - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (2):16-21.
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  36. The Ethics of Reproductive Technology.Kenneth D. Alpern & Mary Anne Warren - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (2):164.
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  37. Abortion Rates: Is a Rough Estimate Better Than No Estimate at All?Zac Alstin - 2012 - Bioethics Research Notes 24 (2):32.
    Alstin, Zac Conventional wisdom teaches that prohibition is counter-productive. We are all familiar with the idea that making something illegal - whether it be drug abuse, alcohol consumption, or abortion - merely 'drives it underground'. Abortion is indeed one of the most potent examples, with the spectre of 'backyard abortion' haunting any talk of restricting abortion access. On a global scale the term 'unsafe abortion' serves the same purpose - reinforcing the idea that unless abortion is made safe, legal, and (...)
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  38. Bush's Stem Cell Compromise: A Few Mirrors?Charo R. Alta - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 31 (6):6-7.
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  39. Constitutional Abortion and Culture.Helen M. Alvaré - 2013 - Christian Bioethics 19 (2):133-149.
    The US Supreme Court’s abortion decisions over the past forty years have helped to shape cultural beliefs and practices concerning heterosexual relationships, marriage, and parenting. This is true both in the practical and in the legal senses. Practically speaking, definitively separating sex from childbearing, as only abortion can do (given how often contraception fails), inevitably changes the meaning of sex, and therefore of heterosexual relationships. Legally speaking, the Court’s influence was mediated significantly by its decision to locate the right of (...)
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  40. Revisiting the Argument From Fetal Potencial.Bertha Alvarez Manninen - 2007 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:7.
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  41. The Constitution of the Human Embryo as Substantial Change.David Alvargonzález - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (2):172-191.
    This paper analyzes the transformation from the human zygote to the implanted embryo under the prism of substantial change. After a brief introduction, it vindicates the Aristotelian ideas of substance and accident, and those of substantial and accidental change. It then claims that the transformation from the multicelled zygote to the implanted embryo amounts to a substantial change. Pushing further, it contends that this substantial change cannot be explained following patterns of genetic reductionism, emergence, and self-organization, and proposes Gustavo Bueno’s (...)
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  42. Contraceptive Use and Desire for More Children in Two Rural Districts of Sierra Leone.R. Amin - 1998 - Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (3):287-296.
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  43. Examining the Geographical Heterogeneity Associated with Risk of Mistimed and Unwanted Pregnancy in Ghana.Fiifi Amoako Johnson & Nyovani J. Madise - 2009 - Journal of Biosocial Science 41 (2):249-267.
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  44. The Health Issues of Human Reprodution [Sic] of Our Time: Philosophical Perspectives of Health and Social Problems of Procreation.D. A. Ampofo - 1994 - Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences.
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  45. The Question of Autonomy in Maternal Health in Africa: A Rights-Based Consideration.Jimoh Amzat - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):283-293.
    Maternal mortality is still very high in Africa, despite progress in control efforts at the global level. One elemental link is the question of autonomy in maternal health, especially at the household level where intrinsic human rights are undermined. A rights-based consideration in bioethics is an approach that holds the centrality of the human person, with a compelling reference to the fundamental human rights of every person. A philosophical and sociological engagement of gender and the notion of autonomy within the (...)
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  46. Rights, Isms, and Consequentialist Twists.Anderson Garcia Sandra - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):24-25.
  47. Providing Fertility Care to HIV-1 Serodiscordant Couples: A Biologist's Point of View.Deborah Jean Anderson & Joseph A. Politch - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):47-49.
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  48. Attitudes of Women to Fetal Tissue Research.F. Anderson, A. Glasier, J. Ross & D. T. Baird - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):36-40.
    The use of human fetal tissue for scientific research has enormous potential but is subject to government legislation. In the United Kingdom the Polkinghorne Committee's guidelines were accepted by the Department of Health in 1990. These guidelines set out to protect women undergoing termination of pregnancy from exploitation but in so doing may significantly restrict potential research. Although the committee took evidence from a wide variety of experts they did not seek the views of the general public. We asked 108 (...)
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  49. Three Abortion Theorists: A Critical Appreciation.James W. Anderson - 1985 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
    This study evaluates the ontological and ethical premises and presuppositions of three abortion theorists: Germain Grisez, Eike-Henner W. Kluge, and Michael Tooley. ;Grisez's argument that human embryos and fetuses are moral persons because moral rights are derived from moral value, and the full moral value of human adults who are moral persons is implicit in the living genetic mechanism of all human beings, is criticized on the basis of the tension in Aristotle's doctrine between the notion of essence as an (...)
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  50. Pharmacists and Conscientious Objection.Richard M. Anderson, Laura Jane Bishop, Martina Darragh, Harriet H. Gray & Susan Cartier Poland - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (4):379-396.
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