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  1. added 2020-04-20
    Moral Risk and Communicating Consent.Renée Jorgensen Bolinger - 2019 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 47 (2):179-207.
    In addition to protecting agents’ autonomy, consent plays a crucial social role: it enables agents to secure partners in valuable interactions that would be prohibitively morally risk otherwise. To do this, consent must be observable: agents must be able to track the facts about whether they have received a consent-based permission. I argue that this morally justifies a consent-practice on which communicating that one consents is sufficient for consent, but also generates robust constraints on what sorts of behaviors can be (...)
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  2. added 2020-02-18
    A Morte da Democracia, Liberalismo e Direitos Humanos.Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press.
    América e o mundo estão em processo de colapso devido ao crescimento excessivo da população, a maioria no século passado, e agora tudo isso, devido ao povo do 3º mundo. O consumo de recursos e a adição de mais 4 bilhões de ca. 2100 desonram a civilização industrial e provocarão fome, doenças, violência e guerra em escala impressionante. A Terra perde pelo menos 1% de seu solo a cada ano, então, à medida que se aproxima de 2100, a maior parte (...)
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  3. added 2019-10-02
    Towards a More Particularist View of Rights’ Stringency.Benedict Rumbold - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (2):211-233.
    For all their various disagreements, one point upon which rights theorists often agree is that it is simply part of the nature of rights that they tend to override, outweigh or exclude competing considerations in moral reasoning, that they have ‘peremptory force’, making ‘powerful demands’ that can only be overridden in ‘exceptional circumstances’, Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2016, p. 240). In this article I challenge this thought. My aim here is not to prove that the (...)
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  4. added 2019-09-03
    چگونه هفت Sociopaths که حکومت چین در حال برنده شدن در جنگ جهانی سه و سه راه برای جلوگیری از آنها.Michael Richard Starks - 2019 - In خودکشی توسط دموکراسی یک موانع برای آمریکا و جهان. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 41-45.
    اولین چیزی که ما باید در ذهن داشته باشیم این است که زمانی که گفت که چین می گوید که این یا چین این کار را انجام می دهد ، ما از مردم چین صحبت نمی کنیم ، اما از Sociopaths که کنترل حزب کمونیست چین-چینی ، یعنی هفت قاتلان جامعه سالخورده (SSSSK) از th e کمیته ایستاده از حزب کمونیست چین و یا 25 نفر از اعضای پلی تکنیک و غیره. -/- برنامه های حزب کمونیست برای WW3 و سلطه (...)
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  5. added 2019-09-03
    Bagaimana Tujuh Sosiopat yang Memerintah Tiongkok Memenangkan Perang Dunia Tiga dan Tiga Cara untuk Menghentikan Mereka.Michael Richard Starks - 2019 - In Bunuh Diri oleh Demokrasi - Obituari untuk Amerika dan Dunia. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 56-60.
    The first thing we must keep in mind is that when saying that China says this or China does that, we are not speaking of the Chinese people, but of the Sociopaths who control the CCP -- Chinese Communist Party, i.e., the Seven Senile Sociopathic Serial Killers (SSSSK) of the Standing Committee of the CCP or the 25 members of the Politburo etc.. -/- The CCP’s plans for WW3 and total domination are laid out quite clearly in Chinese govt publications (...)
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  6. added 2019-09-03
    Como os sete sociopaths que governam China estão ganhando a guerra de mundo três e três maneiras de pará-los.Michael Richard Starks - 2019 - In Suicide pela democracia - Um obituário para América e o mundo. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 52-56.
    The first thing we must keep in mind is that when saying that China says this or China does that, we are not speaking of the Chinese people, but of the Sociopaths who control the CCP -- Chinese Communist Party, i.e., the Seven Senile Sociopathic Serial Killers (SSSSK) of the Standing Committee of the CCP or the 25 members of the Politburo etc.. -/- The CCP’s plans for WW3 and total domination are laid out quite clearly in Chinese govt publications (...)
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  7. added 2019-09-02
    统治中国的七大社会路径如何赢得第三次世界大战和三种阻止他们的方法.Michael Richard Starks - 2019 - In 民主使 - 美国和世界的讣告. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 47-52.
    我们必须记住的第一件事是,当说中国这样说或中国这样做时,我们不是说中国人民,而是控制中国共产党的社会路径者,即七大社会病态连环杀手。中共常务委员会或中央政治局委员等25人。 -/- 中共对三战和全面统治的计划在中国政府的出版物和演讲中已经非常明确地阐述了,这就是习近平的"中国梦"。只有统治中国的少数人(也许只有几十到几百人)的梦想,也是其他人(包括14亿中国人 )的噩梦。每年100亿美元使他们或他们的傀儡拥有或控制报纸、杂志、电视和广播频道,每天在世界各地的大多数主要媒体上放置假新闻。 此外,他们有一支军队(也许有数百万人),他们滚动所有媒体进行更多的宣传,淹没合法的评论(50美分的军队)。 -/- 除了剥夺第三世界的资源外,数万亿美元的"一带一路"倡议的主要主旨是在全世界建立军事基地。他们迫使自由世界陷入大规模的高科技军备竞赛,使得与苏联的冷战看起来像是野餐。 -/- 尽管SSSSK和世界上其他的军事国家都在高级硬件上花费巨资,但WW3(或导致它的小型交战)很可能以软件为主。SSSSK,可能有更多的黑客(编码器)为他们工作,然后世界其他国家加起来,通过通过网络瘫痪他 们的敌人,以最小的物理冲突赢得未来的战争。"没有卫星,没有电话,没有通讯,没有金融交易,没有电网,没有互联网,没有先进的武器,没有车辆,火车,船舶和飞机。 -/- 罢免中共只有两条主要途径,即释放14亿中国囚犯,结束向第三次世界大战的疯狂进军。 和平的一个方案是发动一场全面的贸易战来摧毁中国经济,直到军方受够了,把中共赶出去。 -/- 关闭中国经济的替代方案是一场有限的战争,比如在中共第20届大会上,50架热压无人机进行有针对性的打击,当时所有高层成员都在一个地方,但这种情况要到2022年才会发生。一个可以击中年度全体会议。 袭击发生后,中国人将被告知,他们必须放下武器,准备举行民主选举,否则就要进入石器时代。另一种选择是全面核攻击。 鉴于中共目前的路线,军事对抗是不可避免的。 几十年后,这种情况可能会发生在南中国海或台湾的岛屿上,但随着它们在世界各地建立军事基地,它可能发生在任何地方(见"卧虎藏"等)。 未来的冲突将有硬性与软性方面与中共的既定目标,强调网络战争,通过黑客和瘫痪控制系统的所有军事和工业通信,设备,发电厂,卫星,互联网,银行,以及连接到网络的任何设备或车辆。 SS正在缓慢地部署一系列全球载人和自主水面和水下潜艇或无人驾驶飞机,这些潜艇或无人机能够发射可能处于休眠状态,等待中国发出信号,甚至寻找美国船只或飞机的签名。 在摧毁我们的卫星,从而消除美国和我们全球部队之间的通信的同时,他们将使用他们的卫星,与无人机一起瞄准和摧毁我们目前优越的海军部队。 当然,所有这一切都是越来越多地由AI自动完成的。 -/- 到目前为止,中共最大的盟友是美国民主党。 -/- 选择是现在停止中共,或者看着他们把中国监狱扩展到全世界。 -/- 当然,对我们的生活进行普遍监控和数字化是不可避免的。任何不这么认为的人,都是极度脱节的。 -/- 当然,正是那些期待中国社会路径者统治世界的人,而悲观主义者(他们认为自己是现实主义者)则期望AI的社会病态(或我称之为"假愚蠢"或"人造社会病态")的选择性。) 接管,也许到2030年。 -/- 那些有兴趣在现代社会的疯狂道路的进一步细节可能会参考我的其他作品,如自杀的民主-美国和世界第三版2019年和自杀乌托邦幻想在21日世纪:哲学、人性与文明的崩溃(2019) .
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  8. added 2019-03-07
    The Right to Exit and Skilled Labour Emigration: Ethical Considerations for Compulsory Health Service Programmes.Yusuf Yuksekdag - 2019 - Developing World Bioethics 19 (3):169-179.
    Compulsory (health) service contracts have recently received considerable attention in the normative literature. The service contracts are considered and offered as a permissible and liberal alternative to emigration restrictions if individuals relinquish their right to exit via contract in exchange for the state‐funded tertiary education. To that end, the recent normative literature on the service programmes has particularly focused on discussing the circumstances or conditions in which the contracts should be signed, so that they are morally binding on the part (...)
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  9. added 2019-03-07
    How to Understand Limitations of the Right to Exit with Respect to Losses Associated with Health Worker Emigration: A Clarification.Yusuf Yuksekdag - 2018 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2:69-86.
    There is a recent interest in the ethics of high-skilled worker emigration through which the limitations of the right to exit are discussed. Insightful arguments have been made in favour of the emigration restrictions on skilled workers in order to tackle the deprivations in developing countries. However, there is still a need for clarification on how we can understand, discuss and implement limitations of a right from a normative perspective. Significantly, how we understand the limitation of a right might determine (...)
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  10. added 2019-03-07
    Against Cursory Treatments in Ethics of Medical Migration From Underserved Countries.Yusuf Yuksekdag - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (2):173-176.
    In a recent paper, Mpofu, Sen Gupta, and Hays attempt to outline the obligations of recruiting high-income countries and would-be emigrant health workers to tackle the effects of mass exodus of health workers from underserved regions. They reconstruct Rawlsian and Kantian global justice approaches to argue for moral obligations of HICs and an individual justice approach to point to non-enforceable social responsibilities of HWs to assist their compatriots. This critical commentary demonstrates that the argumentation within their individual justice approach is (...)
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  11. added 2018-10-10
    A Criterion for Determining Negativity and Positivity.Richard Louis Trammell - 1985 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 33:75-81.
  12. added 2018-09-07
    Moral Methodology and the Third Theory of Rights.Saladin Meckled-Garcia - unknown
    The paper engages the conceptual question of the nature of rights. First, moral methodology for developing criteria to judge the adequacy of theories for the concept of rights is discussed. Standard methodologies for conceptual theory, such as analysis of language practices, appealing to intuitions to test and correct hypotheses, and mixtures of these with appeals to substantive moral values, are shown to fail in important ways to give us reasons to adopt one or another view of the concept. An alternative (...)
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  13. added 2018-03-05
    On the Existence of Duties to the Self.Paul Schofield - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (3):505-528.
    Contemporary philosophers generally ignore the topic of duties to the self. I contend that they are mistaken to do so. The question of whether there are such duties, I argue, is of genuine significance when constructing theories of practical reasoning and moral psychology. In this essay, I show that much of the potential importance of duties to the self stems from what has been called the “second-personal” character of moral duties—the fact that the performance of a duty is “owed to” (...)
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  14. added 2018-02-17
    In Defense of the Duty to Assist: A Response to Critics on the Viability of a Rawlsian Approach to Climate Change.Sarah Kenehan - 2015 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (3):308-327.
  15. added 2017-07-12
    Some Reflections on the Difference Between Positive and Negative Duties.Michael Gorr - 1985 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 33:93-100.
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  16. added 2017-05-10
    Rights Modelling.David Frydrych - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 30 (1):125-157.
    This paper has four aims. First it distinguishes two kinds of philosophical accounts of the ‘formal’ features of rights: models and theories. Models outline the ‘conceptually basic’ types of rights (if indeed a given model deems there to be more than one), their differences, and their relationships with duties, liabilities, etc. Theories of rights posit a supposed ultimate purpose for all rights and provide criteria for determining what counts as ‘a right’ in the first place. Second, the paper argues that (...)
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  17. added 2017-02-18
    Defending A Rodinian Account of Self-Defense.Jacob Blair - 2012 - Review Journal of Political Philosophy 9:7-47.
    There’s a widespread intuition that if the only way an innocent person can stop her villainous attacker from killing her is to kill him instead, then she is morally permitted to do so. But why is it that she is permitted to employ lethal force on an aggressor if that is what is required to save her life? My primary goal in this paper is to defend David Rodin's fairly recent and under-recognized account of self-defense that answers this question. There (...)
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  18. added 2017-01-15
    Rights, Duties, and Moral Conflicts.Biasetti Pierfrancesco - 2014 - Etica E Politica (2):1042-1062.
    In this paper I would like to make a contribution to the debate on rights-talk and duties-talk relationship and priority by addressing the problem from a peculiar angle: that of moral conflicts and dilemma. My working hypothesis is that it should be possible to identify some basic and relevant normative features of rights-talk and duties-talk by observing how they modify the description of moral conflicts. I will try to show that both rights and duties posses original and irreducible normative features, (...)
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  19. added 2016-10-24
    World Poverty, Animal Minds and the Ethics of Veterinary Expenditure.John Hadley & Siobhan O'Sullivan - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (3):361-378.
    In this paper we make an argument for limiting veterinary expenditure on companion animals. The argument combines two principles: the obligation to give and the self-consciousness requirement. In line with the former, we ought to give money to organisations helping to alleviate preventable suffering and death in developing countries; the latter states that it is only intrinsically wrong to painlessly kill an individual that is self-conscious. Combined, the two principles inform an argument along the following lines: rather than spending inordinate (...)
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  20. added 2016-08-10
    Rights Forfeiture Theorists Should Embrace the Duty View of Punishment.Ben Bryan - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):317-327.
    In this paper, I bring into conversation with each other two views about the justification of punishment: the rights forfeiture theory and the duty view. I argue that philosophers attracted to the former should instead accept the latter.
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  21. added 2016-06-14
    Reconstituting the Right to Education.Joshua Weishart - 2016 - Alabama Law Review 67 (4):915.
    Confronting persistent and widening inequality in educational opportunity, advocates have regarded the right to education as a linchpin for reform. In the forty years since the Supreme Court relegated that right to the domain of state constitutional law, its power has surged and faded in litigation challenging state school finance systems. Like so many of the students it is meant to protect, however, the right to education has generally underachieved, in part because those wielding it have not always appreciated its (...)
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  22. added 2016-06-07
    Schopenhauer on the Rights of Animals.Stephen Puryear - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):250-269.
    I argue that Schopenhauer’s ascription of (moral) rights to animals flows naturally from his distinctive analysis of the concept of a right. In contrast to those who regard rights as fundamental and then cast wrongdoing as a matter of violating rights, he takes wrong (Unrecht) to be the more fundamental notion and defines the concept of a right (Recht) in its terms. He then offers an account of wrongdoing which makes it plausible to suppose that at least many animals can (...)
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  23. added 2015-07-04
    Standard Threats: How to Violate Basic Human Rights.Anthony R. Reeves - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (3):403-434.
    The paper addresses the nature of duties grounded in human rights. Rather than being protections against harm, per se, I contend that human rights largely shield against risk impositions to protected interests. “Risk imposition” is a normative idea requiring explication, but understanding dutiful action in its terms enables human rights to provide prospective policy guidance, hold institutions accountable, operate in non-ideal circumstances, embody impartiality among persons, and define the moral status of agencies in international relations. Slightly differently, I indicate a (...)
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  24. added 2015-06-22
    Justice and Beneficence.Pablo Gilabert - 2016 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (5):508-533.
    What is a duty of justice? And how is it different from a duty of beneficence? We need a clear account of the contrast. Unfortunately, there is no consensus in the philosophical literature as to how to characterize it. Different articulations of it have been provided, but it is hard to identify a common core that is invariant across them. In this paper, I propose an account of how to understand duties of justice, explain how it contrasts with several proposals (...)
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  25. added 2015-05-18
    Other People's Pleasures and One's Own: An Ethical Discussion: PHILOSOPHY.John Laird - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (61):39-55.
    The opinion that I want to discuss in this essay is fairly commonly although not universally held among moralists. It is the opinion that there is never a moral duty to try to promote one's own pleasure for the sake of that pleasure although, contrariwise, there is often a moral duty to try to promote the pleasure of others for the sake of that pleasure. I cannot myself assent to the view, and I want to explain why I cannot; but (...)
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  26. added 2014-08-16
    Pro‐Tanto Versus Absolute Rights.Danny Frederick - 2014 - Philosophical Forum 45 (4):375-394.
    Judith Jarvis Thomson and others contend that rights are pro-tanto rather than absolute, that is, that rights may permissibly be infringed in some circumstances. Alan Gewirth maintains that there are some rights that are absolute because infringing them would amount to unspeakable evil. However, there seem to be possible circumstances in which it would be permissible to infringe even those rights. Specificationists, such as Gerald Gaus, Russ Shafer-Landau, Hillel Steiner and Kit Wellman, argue that all rights are absolute because they (...)
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  27. added 2014-04-13
    Promises, Rights and Claims.David Alm - 2011 - Law and Philosophy 30 (1):51-76.
    The paper argues that promise rights presuppose independently existing (if not pre-existing) claims. The argument relies on the Bifurcation Thesis, according to which all claims, and all rights, can be exhaustively divided into two categories: capacity based and exercise based.
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  28. added 2014-04-13
    Duties, Rights, and Charity.Keith Burgess-Jackson - 1987 - Journal of Social Philosophy 18 (3):3-12.
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  29. added 2014-04-13
    Rules, Rights, and Promises.G. E. M. Anscombe - 1978 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1):318-323.
  30. added 2014-04-13
    Rights and Claims.Bertram Bandman - 1973 - Journal of Value Inquiry 7 (3):204-213.
    By way of conclusion, I have tried to show that rights do not come from nowhere, that is, rights are not sui generis. They come from claims. Rights do not make claims possible; rather claims make rights possible. For out of claims come claims to rights and from the welter of such claims to rights a legal system is established which, after sifting and refining, accepts some claims to rights and dignifies these as deeds, titles, rights and rejects others; and (...)
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  31. added 2014-04-08
    Confining Pogge’s Analysis of Global Poverty to Genuinely Negative Duties.Steven Daskal - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):369-391.
    Thomas Pogge has argued that typical citizens of affluent nations participate in an unjust global order that harms the global poor. This supports his conclusion that there are widespread negative institutional duties to reform the global order. I defend Pogge’s negative duty approach, but argue that his formulation of these duties is ambiguous between two possible readings, only one of which is properly confined to genuinely negative duties. I argue that this ambiguity leads him to shift illicitly between negative and (...)
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