About this topic

Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970) was a German-American philosopher mainly working in logic and philosophy of science. He began his philosophical career as a neo-Kantian, and later became a leading figure of the logical empiricism of the Vienna Circle. Since that time, he considered it as one of the main tasks of philosophy to “overcome metaphysics” – not simply as an internal philosophical issue, but also as a contribution of philosophy to the project of enlightenment and the fight against politically and morally pernicious ideologies. After his emigration to the United States (1935) he became one of the best-known representatives of philosophy of science and analytic philosophy. According to Carnap, the task of philosophy was to construct linguistic and ontological frameworks that could be used in the ongoing progress of scientific knowledge. In the last decades of his life he dedicated a great part of his work in the elaboration of inductive logic. 

Key works Two classical works of Carnap are Carnap 1928 (translated into English as Carnap 1969) and Carnap 1937. Two excellent collections of papers on all aspects of Carnap's philosophy are  Creath & Friedman 2007 and Richardson & Uebel 2007. The Schilpp volume Schilpp 1963 dedicated to Carnap is still worth reading. Klein & Awodey 2004 and  Friedman 2002 offer useful information on the European context of Carnap's philosophy.
Introductions Many introductory works on specific Carnapian themes may be found in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. There are surprisingly few introductory works that deal with Carnap's philosophy in general. An internet source is Murzi 2001, for a book-length general introduction into Carnap's philosophy see Mormann 2000
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  1. Rudolf Carnap, II.Peter Achinstein - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):758 - 779.
  2. Carnap and Gödel.S. Awodey & A. W. Carus - forthcoming - Synthese.
  3. The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap.R. J. B. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):390-390.
  4. Alan Richardson is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of British Columbia. He is the Author of Many Essays in History of Philoso-Phy of Science and of the Monograph, Carnap's Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism (Cambridge University Press, 1998). He is a Co-Editor of Origins of Logical Empiricism (University). [REVIEW]Daniela M. Bailer-Jones - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (3).
  5. On Contingency of Datum: Carnap, Husserl, Bachelard.Bernard Barsotti - 2005 - Pli 16.
  6. Carnap's Construction of the World. The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism.Juan Bautista Bengoetxea - 1998 - Theoria 13 (3):591-592.
  7. Carnap's Loop.Boran Berčić - 2004 - Synthesis Philosophica 19 (1):297-306.
  8. Some Comments on Carnap's Logic of Induction.Gustav Bergmann - 1946 - Philosophy of Science 13 (1):71-78.
  9. Remarks Concerning the Epistemology of Scientific Empiricism.Gustav Bergmann - 1942 - Philosophy of Science 9 (3):283-293.
  10. Carnap Rudolf. Meaning and Necessity. A Study in Semantics and Modal Logic. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1947, Viii + 210 Pp. [REVIEW]Paul Bernays - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):237-241.
  11. Georges Kalinowski, Sémiotique et philosophie. À partir et à l'encontre de Husserl et de Carnap.André Berten - 1987 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 85 (68):553-554.
  12. CARNAP, R. - Formalisation of Logic. [REVIEW]M. Black - 1945 - Mind 54:171.
  13. Axiology and Analytics Ethics According to Carnap: By the Logical Analysis.Ramiro Délio Borges de Meneses - 2009 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 9:74-109.
  14. Axiology and propositional ethics in the second Carnap: by logical analysis. [Portuguese].Ramiro Délio Borges de Meneses - 2009 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 9:74-109.
    Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE Procura-se com este artigo a posição da ética em relação com a análise lógica, no âmbito do “Circulo de Viena”, pelo pensamento de R. Carnap. Existem condições para determinar a aplicação do principio da verificabilidade, pela filosofia da linguagem, seguindo o pensamento de R. Carnap. Aqui serão apresentadas as lógicas deônticas, em orden á fundamentação lógica da Bioética, como forma de globalização lingüística da mesma.
  15. Rudolf Carnap and the Legacy of Aufklärung.Jacques Bouveresse - 2012 - In Pierre Wagner (ed.), Carnap's Ideal of Explication and Naturalism. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  16. CARNAP's IDEAL OF EXPLICATION AND NATURALISM, EDITED BY PIERRE WAGNER (REVIEW BY CONSTANTIN BRÎNCUȘ). [REVIEW]Constantin C. Brîncuș - 2014 - Romanian Journal of Analytic Philosophy 8 (2).
  17. What Is Logical Syntax?Daniel J. Bronstein - 1935 - Analysis 3 (4):49 - 56.
  18. Explication as a Method of Conceptual Re-Engineering.Georg Brun - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (6):1211-1241.
    Taking Carnap’s classic exposition as a starting point, this paper develops a pragmatic account of the method of explication, defends it against a range of challenges and proposes a detailed recipe for the practice of explicating. It is then argued that confusions are involved in characterizing explications as definitions, and in advocating precising definitions as an alternative to explications. Explication is better characterized as conceptual re-engineering for theoretical purposes, in contrast to conceptual re-engineering for other purposes and improving exactness for (...)
  19. Psa 1970. In Memory of Rudolf Carnap.R. C. Buck - 1972 - Reidel.
  20. Psa 1970 in Memory of Rudolf Carnap : Proceedings of the 1970 Biennial Meeting, Philosophy of Science Association.Roger C. Buck, Rudolf Carnap, R. S. Cohen & Philosophy of Science Association - 1971
  21. Rudolf Carnap.Bernd Buldt - unknown
  22. Epistemology and Unity of Science in Carnap's "Aufbau".David Scott Bullwinkle - 2000 - Dissertation, Northwestern University
    This dissertation criticizes the received view and defends a new interpretation of Rudolf Carnap's Der Logische Aujbau der Welt . There Carnap presents a method for defining scientific concepts in terms of sense experience, and he outlines a system of such definitions. This system would display references to physical objects as dispensable shorthand for talk about experiences. Accordingly, philosophers have seen the project as an attempt to establish the radical empiricist conclusions that scientific knowledge shares the certainty of sense experience, (...)
  23. Roger C. Buck and Robert S. Cohen "PSA 1970: In Memory of Rudolf Carnap". [REVIEW]Mario Bunge - 1974 - Theory and Decision 5 (2):243.
  24. Carnap's Explication of 'Analytic' and 'Meaning-Of'.Richard Porter Butrick - 1966 - Dissertation, Columbia University
  25. A Letter From Carnap, Rudolf to Tondl, Ladislav.R. Carnap - 1990 - Filosoficky Casopis 38 (3):360-361.
  26. Logic and Language Studies Dedicated to Professor Rudolf Carnap on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday.Rudolf Carnap - 1962 - Reidel.
  27. Formalwissenschaft und Realwissenschaft. [REVIEW]Rudolf Carnap - 1935 - Erkenntnis 5 (1):30-37.
  28. Pseudoproblems in Philosophy.Rudolf Carnap - 1928 - In The Logical Structure of the World & Pseudoproblems in Philosophy. Open Court. pp. 305--343.
  29. Report of Lectures on Philosophy and Logical Syntax, Delivered on 8 10 and 12 October at Bedford College in the University of London, by Professor Rudolf Carnap. [REVIEW]Rudolf Carnap, C. A. M. Maund & J. W. Reeves - 1934 - Analysis 2 (3):42 - 48.
  30. Rudolf Carnap, Logical Empiricist.Brian Carr & Jaakko Hintikka - 1977 - Philosophical Quarterly 27 (109):364.
  31. International Encyclopedia of Unified Science.Michael T. Casey - 1955 - Philosophical Studies 5:161-161.
  32. Carnap's First Philosophy.Hiram Caton - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 28 (4):623 - 659.
  33. Analytic Philosophy, Continental Literature?Marc Champagne - 2015 - Philosophy Now 109:21-23.
  34. A Note on Carnap's Meaning Analysis.Roderick M. Chisholm - 1955 - Philosophical Studies 6 (6):87-88.
  35. Carnap's Introduction to Semantics.Alonzo Church - 1943 - Philosophical Review 52 (3):298-304.
  36. The Logical Analysis of Scientific Language.Ramon Cirera - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 45:1-19.
    "Testability and meaning" is usually considered as one of the most important sources of the received view in the philosophy of science and is accordingly read under the light of this tradition. Nevertheless, this reading splits the article from the philosophical project it belongs to. This paper relocates Carnap's writing to its proper philosophical place in the program of the Logische Syntax, which remained essentially alive for the rest of Carnap's philosophical career. The paper presents the main syntactic theses and (...)
  37. Quine Versus Carnap-Polemic Argument on Logical Truth.M. Clavelin - 1983 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 37 (144):69-92.
  38. Carnap's Sprachanschauung Circa 1932.J. Alberto Coffa - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:205 - 241.
  39. Rudolf Carnaps verschiedene Scheinproblemkonzeptionen.Moritz Cordes - 2011 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):2.
    This paper is a review of Rudolf Carnap's changing attitudes towards the conceptualisation of pseudo-problems. For that purpose his early works are divided into four phases each of which display subtle dierences with respect to the role pseudo-problems play in Carnap's epistemology and philosophical metho- dology. Based on a number of short texts by Carnap, an attempt is made to give provisional denitions of `pseudo-problem' and related expressions.
  40. Carnap's Theories of Truth.D. R. Cousin - 1950 - Mind 59 (233):1-22.
  41. Logical Analysis and Analyticity: From Carnap to Godel.J. Couture - 1997 - Dialectica 51 (2).
  42. Science, Syntax, and Semantics: An Examination of the Philosophy of Language of Rudolf Carnap.John Richard Creath - 1975 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
  43. The Logical and the Analytic.Richard Creath - 2017 - Synthese 194 (1):79-96.
    This paper considers various objections to Carnap’s logical syntax definition of ’logical expression’, including those by Saunders Mac Lane and W. V. O. Quine. While the specific objections of these two authors can be answered, if necessary by a slight modification of Carnap’s definition, there are other objections that I do not see how to meet. I also consider the proposal by Denis Bonnay for avoiding the objections to Carnap’s definition. In light of the unresolved problems with Carnap’s definition, I (...)
  44. Analyticity in the Theoretical Language: Is a Different Account Really Necessary?Richard Creath - 2012 - In R. Creath (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer Verlag. pp. 57--66.
    Recent essays by Michael Friedman1 and William Demopoulos2 on Carnap’s late approach to analyticity in the theoretical language make a convincing case for the continuing philosophic interest of this part of Carnap’s work. The present essay is intended not to disagree with any of these essays but to raise a logically prior worry as to whether Carnap’s account of analyticity here is well motivated and consistent with other attractive aspects of his view. To do this I outline, in §1, Frank (...)
  45. The Linguistic Doctrine and Conventionality: The Main Argument in ”Carnap and Logical Truth”.Richard Creath - 2003 - In Gary L. Hardcastle & Alan W. Richardson (eds.), Logical Empiricism in North America. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis. pp. 234--256.
  46. Carnap, Quine, and the Rejection of Intuition.Richard Creath - 1990 - In Barret And Gibson (ed.), Perspectives on Quine. pp. 55--66.
  47. The Unimportance of Semantics.Richard Creath - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:405 - 416.
    Philosophers often divide Carnap's work into syntactic, semantic, and later periods, but this disguises the importance of his early syntactical writing. In Logical Syntax Carnap is a thoroughgoing conventionalist and pragmatist. Once we see that, it is easier to see as well that these views were retained throughout the rest of his life, that the breaks between periods are not as important as the continuities, and that our understanding of such Carnapian notions as analyticity and probability needs reevaluation.
  48. Rudolf Carnap and Wilhelm Dilthey:“German” Empiricism in the Aufbau.Christian Damböck - 2012 - In R. Creath (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer Verlag. pp. 67--88.
    Rudolf Carnap’s formative years as a philosopher were his time in Jena where he studied mathematics, physics, and philosophy, among others, with Gottlob Frege, the neo-Kantian Bruno Bauch, and Herman Nohl, a pupil of Wilhelm Dilthey.2 Whereas both the influence of Frege and of the neo-Kantians is quite well known,3 the importance of the Dilthey school for Carnap’s intellectual development was recently highlighted by scholars, such as Gottfried Gabriel and Hans-Joachim Dahms.4 Although Carnap himself was interested mainly in the problems (...)
  49. Carnap and Theory of Knowledge.Dr M. Dashtbozorgi - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 21.
    Every philosopher who is to deal with the epistemology and go to discuss human beliefs should answer the question; how can be our beliefs justified? . That is, in the system of our beliefs, which of our beliefs can be taken as true and reasonable and the base of other beliefs?The present article is merely to introduce Rudolf Carnap's point of view.Carnap turned the philosophy into the study of formal languages, i.e. symbolic logic. Carnap believed that he had connected the (...)
  50. Empirismo E Semantica: Da Rudolf Carnap All'epistemologia Contemporanea.Guido Del Din - unknown
    Empiricism and Semantics: From Rudolf Carnap to Contemporary Epistemology In recent years analytic philosophy has developed a deeper interest in the historiographical reconstruction of its roots. This interest is testified by many publications, which have appeared since the 90’s, about the life and thought of classical authors of analytic tradition, like Frege, Russell, Wittgenstein, Carnap and Tarski. In my doctoral thesis I take up this line, focusing on two famous works of Rudolf Carnap: Der logische Aufbau der Welt, published in (...)
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