Russian Philosophy

Edited by Vadim Chaly (Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University)
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Summary

Russian philosophy is a cultural phenomenon that emerged in late XVIII century as a reflection on Russia’s abruptly introduced modern condition, its departure from Orthodox tradition, and its future as a part of and/or a contender to Western civilization. The two hundred years that followed saw the proliferation of philosophical debates and programs that tried to cope with the overwhelming richness of Western philosophy and the rapidly changing world, seeking answers to perennial questions, while also developing its characteristic set of problems. Philosophy in Russia was taken seriously from the start, and philosophical ideas were sought to guide the change or to thwart change. Much of Russian modern thought proceeds to advance broad cultural, social or political projects, with systematic theoretical philosophy often becoming only a secondary concern. The pace of history offered little time for metaphysics to come to fruition, and frequent interventions from the outside, particularly by the state, altered or disrupted the flow of philosophical thought. With its comparatively short, yet dense, rapid and often violent development, Russian philosophy is rich with ideas that are relevant to current and prospective discussions.

Key works Pyotr Chaadaev, Philosophical Letters (1836) (Chaadaev 1969): the work that started the Slavophiles-Westernizers controversy, which is still going on. Vladimir Solovyov, Justification of the Good (1897) (Solovyov & Duddington 1918): a piece on moral philosophy by one of the most systematic and original Russian thinkers. Pyotr Kropotkin, Anarchism (1905) (Kropotkin unknown): still one of the best introductions to anarchism by one of its classics.
Introductions Two classic expositions of the history of Russian philosophy available in English are Nikolay Lossky's History of Russian Philosophy (1951) and Vasily Zenkovsky's A History of Russian Philosophy (Zen’Kovskiyi 1953; Zenkovsky 2003).
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  1. Russian Text Ignored.[Russian Text Ignored] [Russian Text Ignored] - 1958 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 4 (17-20):304-308.
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  2. Russian Text Ignored.[Russian Text Ignored] [Russian Text Ignored] - 1957 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 3 (12):157-170.
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  3. Russian Text Ignored.Petr Vopênka - 1962 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 8 (3-4):293-304.
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  4. Russian Text Ignored.H. A. [Russian Text Ignored] - 1956 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 2 (1-4):27-36.
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  5. Russian Text Ignored.Russian Text Ignored - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (6):517-525.
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  6. Usages À l'Intérieur, Image À Exporter.Antoine Baudin & Léonid Heller - 1998
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  7. Dramat Religijny to±Stoja.Rados±aw Romaniuk - 2004
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  8. Informal Work Talks and Teachings, 1940 to 1950.Maurice Nicoll & Lewis Creed - 1995
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  9. Unforgotten Fragments.Beryl Chassereau Pogson & Lewis Creed - 1994
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  10. Intention Pattern.John G. Bennett - 1984
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  11. Lieh-Ning Ssu Hsiang Shih.Chung-kuo jen min ta hsüeh - 1988
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  12. Iz Istorii Russkoi Materialisticheskoi Filosofii.G. S. Vasetskii & Akademiia Obshchestvennykh Nauk - 1949
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  13. Istoriia Filosofii.G. F. Institut Filosofii Sssr) & Aleksandrov - 1941
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  14. Indywidualno s C I Ojczyzna; Filozoficzna Problematyka Kwestii Narodowej.Janusz Kuczy Nski - 1972
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  15. Filosofija I Religija F.M. Dostojevskoga.C. Justin Sp Popovi - 1923
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  16. Filosofiia Russkogo Prosveshcheniia.I. Ia Shchipanov - 1971
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  17. E.V. Ilyenkov and Contemporary Soviet Philosophy.David Bakhurst - 1988
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  18. Aktual Nye Problemy Istorii Filosofii Narodov Sssr.V. V. Bogatov & Moskovskii Gosudarstvennyi Universitet Im M. Lomonosova - 1972
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  19. Early Soviet Postmodernism.Raoul Eshelman - 1997
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  20. The Russian Idea in Search of a New Identity.Wendy E. Helleman - 2004
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  21. Istoriia Russkoi Filosofii.N. O. Losskii - 1991
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  22. Filosofiia Rossii Xviii Veka.Pavel Semenovich Shkurinov - 1992
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  23. Quotations From Gurdjieff's Teaching a Personal Companion.Georges Ivanovitch Gurdjieff & M. W. Thring - 1998
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  24. Vasilij Vasil Evic Rozanov Als Philosoph.Heinrich A. Stammler - 1984
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  25. Vladimir Solovyov His Life and Creative Evolution.S. M. Solov ev & Aleksey Gibson - 2001
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  26. Puteshestvie Na Chernuiu Rechku I Drugie Proizvedeniia.Abram Terts - 1999
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  27. Either/Or in Russia.Darya Loungina - 2008 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2008 (1):470-507.
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  28. The Trans-Siberian Railroad and Russia’s Asia: Literature, Geopolitics, Philosophy of History.Anindita Banerjee - 2005 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 34 (1-2):19-40.
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  29. From One Election to Another: Breakthroughs and Deadlocks of the Anti-Putin Movement in Russia.Maria Chekhonadskikh & Alexei Penzin - 2012 - Mediations 26 (1-2).
    Maria Chekhonadskikh and Alexei Penzin describe the public emergence of an opposition movement to the Putin government between the two stages of the recent federal elections in Russia. Whatever the immediate impact impact of these protests, has something irreversible already happened?
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  30. Bridging the Kantian Gap: Bergson and Russian Modernism, 1900-1930.Hilary Lynn Fink - 1996 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    Although Henri Bergson's short work, Laughter, was his first to be translated into Russian in 1900, it was not until the Moscow publication of Creative Evolution in 1909 that the French philosopher gained widespread popularity among Russian writers and thinkers. As put forth in Creative Revolution, Bergson's juxtaposition of mathematical, spatialized time with the duration of "real time" a dynamic flow that cannot be measured chronologically, appealed greatly to Russian modernists interested in breaking free of traditional concepts of time and (...)
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  31. The Philosophical Thought of S. L. Frank, 1902-1915: A Study of the Metaphysical Impulse in Early Twentieth Century Russia. [REVIEW]Philip James Swoboda - 1992 - Dissertation, Columbia University
    Semyon L. Frank was a leading representative of the metaphysical current in early 20th-century Russian philosophy. This study traces the evolution of his world-view from the 1890s, when he was a student Marxist, to 1915, when he published The Object of Knowledge, his first book-length exposition of his mature philosophical system. Challenging the established interpretation of Frank's philosophical development, which makes much of his supposed indebtedness to Vladimir Solovyov, the study emphasizes the important role played in his intellectual formation by (...)
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  32. A Philosophical Appraisal of the Modernist Gnosticism of Nicholas Berdyaev.Paul Vincent Kennedy - 1936 - Dissertation, Saint Louis University
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  33. Lenin's Materialism: An Evaluation of the Philosophical Basis of Russiancommunism.Reginald Raymond Lefebvre - 1936 - Dissertation, Saint Louis University
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  34. ENKOVSKY'S A History of Russian Philosophy. [REVIEW]Somerville Somerville - 1954 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15:276.
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  35. FRANK, Editor, A Solovyov Anthology. [REVIEW]Somerville Somerville - 1952 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13:574.
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  36. OSSKY'S History of Russian Philosophy. [REVIEW]Somerville Somerville - 1951 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12:577.
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  37. J. M. Edie, J. P. Scanlon, and M. B. Zeldin , "Russian Philosophy". [REVIEW]Howard L. Parsons - 1967 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 28 (1):126.
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  38. E. Munzer's Solovyev, Prophet of Russian-Western Unity. [REVIEW]John Somerville - 1956 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17:563.
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  39. ARE'S Pioneers of Russian Social Thought. [REVIEW]Somerville Somerville - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14:123.
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  40. Russian Scientists and Philosophers: A. A. Maximov.J. Roguinski - 1947 - Synthese 6 (1/2):69.
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  41. The Development of Russian Economic Thought.A. Udaltsov - 1946 - Synthese 5 (5):245-250.
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  42. Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R.A. Udaltsov - 1946 - Synthese 5 (5):244-244.
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  43. Soviet Researchers Study English History.P. Lyashchenko - 1946 - Synthese 5 (1/2):61.
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  44. Nicolas Berdyaev: An Intellectual Journey.Marianna Westbrook Byman - 1999 - Dissertation, The University of North Dakota
    Nicholas Alexsandrovich Berdyaev, 1874--1948, was part of the historic events that changed the course of Russian history. He lived through them and wrote about them for his entire adult life. Berdyaev not only pondered the agony of Russia's past, but he contemplated the possibilities of Russia's future. ;Berdyaev was a deeply Russian thinker, and like Russia, he presented the world with a paradox. Outside of Russia he was perhaps the best known and the most widely read of Russian philosophers, but (...)
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  45. The Antisemitic Arguments of Russian Nationalists: Varieties of Anti-Liberalism.Vadim Joseph Rossman - 1998 - Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin
    My study focuses on the development of intellectual antisemitism in post-communist Russia which so far has been neglected by scholars in favor of popular and political antisemitism. I distinguish five schools in Russian intellectual antisemitism: neo-Eurasianism, neo-Slavophilism, National Bolshevism, National Orthodoxy, and Racism. The representatives of these schools advance different arguments in support of their antisemitic postures. I suggest that the preoccupation of these leaders with the "Jewish question" results from the need to compensate for the collapse of the old (...)
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  46. "Rostovtzeff", M., Iranians and Greeks in Southern Russia.Charles Manning - 1924 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 18:34-36.
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  47. The Lysistrata of Aristophanes Acted by Russian Players in Russian.Clarence A. Manning - 1925 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 19:106.
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  48. Roberta Thompson Manning, "The Crisis of the Old Order in Russia: Gentry and Government". [REVIEW]Maureen Perrie - 1984 - Theory and Society 13 (2):271.
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  49. A. J. Polan, "Lenin and the End of Politics". [REVIEW]Wayne Gabardi - 1987 - Theory and Society 16 (4):629.
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  50. Teodor Shanin, "The Roots of Otherness: Russia's Turn of Century", Volumes 1 and 2. [REVIEW]Henry Reichman - 1990 - Theory and Society 19 (1):123.
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