Russian Philosophy

Edited by Vadim Chaly (Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University)
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Summary

Russian philosophy is a cultural phenomenon that emerged in late XVIII century as a reflection on Russia’s abruptly introduced modern condition, its departure from Orthodox tradition, and its future as a part of and/or a contender to Western civilization. The two hundred years that followed saw the proliferation of philosophical debates and programs that tried to cope with the overwhelming richness of Western philosophy and the rapidly changing world, seeking answers to perennial questions, while also developing its characteristic set of problems. Philosophy in Russia was taken seriously from the start, and philosophical ideas were sought to guide the change or to thwart change. Much of Russian modern thought proceeds to advance broad cultural, social or political projects, with systematic theoretical philosophy often becoming only a secondary concern. The pace of history offered little time for metaphysics to come to fruition, and frequent interventions from the outside, particularly by the state, altered or disrupted the flow of philosophical thought. With its comparatively short, yet dense, rapid and often violent development, Russian philosophy is rich with ideas that are relevant to current and prospective discussions.

Key works Pyotr Chaadaev, Philosophical Letters (1836) (Chaadaev 1969): the work that started the Slavophiles-Westernizers controversy, which is still going on. Vladimir Solovyov, Justification of the Good (1897) (Solovyov & Duddington 1918): a piece on moral philosophy by one of the most systematic and original Russian thinkers. Pyotr Kropotkin, Anarchism (1905) (Kropotkin unknown): still one of the best introductions to anarchism by one of its classics.
Introductions Two classic expositions of the history of Russian philosophy available in English are Nikolay Lossky's History of Russian Philosophy (1951) and Vasily Zenkovsky's A History of Russian Philosophy (Zen’Kovskiyi 1953; Zenkovsky 2003).
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  1. History Russian Philosophy V2.V. Zenkovsky - 2003 - Routledge.
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  2. A History of Russian Philosophy.V. V. Zenkovsky - 1953 - Routledge.
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  3. The Vocations of Nikolai Grot and the Tasks of Russian Philosophy.Inessa Medzhibovskaya - 2021 - In Marina F. Bykova, Michael N. Forster & Lina Steiner (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Russian Thought. Springer Verlag. pp. 525-548.
    This chapter surveys the short and remarkable philosophical career of Nikolai Grot, best known as Professor of Philosophy at Moscow University since 1886 and Chairman of the Moscow Psychological Society since 1888 to the final year of his life, and, most importantly, the founder in 1889 and editor for many years of Russia’s first professional philosophical journal, Voprosy Filosofii i Psikhologii. The entry engages with Grot’s entire oeuvre, published and archival, focusing on his most important and original work on logic, (...)
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  4. Review of Mikhail Sergeev, Alexander Chumakov, Mary Theis (Eds): Russian Philosophy in the Twentieth-First Century: An Anthology, with a Foreword by Alyssa DeBlasio, Leiden & Boston: Brill Rodopi, 2020. XVIII, 426 Pp. Hardcover: ISBN 978-90-04-36997-6; E-Book: ISBN 978-90-04-43254-3. [REVIEW]Alexander Rybas & Alexey Malinov - 2022 - Studies in East European Thought 74 (1):129-136.
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  5. A Radical Humanism: A Review of Eric Fromm’s Critical Theory: Hope, Humanism and the Future. [REVIEW]Shelly Johnson - 2021 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 27 (2):91-99.
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  6. Objectification and the Labour of the Negative in the Origin of Human Thinking: A Response to Chris Drain.Kyrill Potapov - 2021 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective.
    After reading the stimulating exchange between Chris Drain and Siyaves Azeri, I wanted to reply to Drain from a slightly different angle. Drain’s latest response takes aim at what Vygotsky calls his general genetic law of development, which Drain suggests should be updated through an appreciation of Tomasello and Searle’s concept of “joint intentionality”. At the heart of Vygotsky’s thought is the claim that “every function in the cultural development of the child appears on the stage twice, in two planes, (...)
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  7. The Void of Thought and the Ambivalence of History: Chaadaev, Bakunin, and Fedorov.Kirill Chepurin & Alex Dubilet - 2021 - In Panayiota Vassilopoulou & Daniel Whistler (eds.), Thought: A Philosophical History. New York City, New York, USA: pp. 293-306.
    This paper cuts across three nineteenth-century Russian thinkers—Pyotr Chaadaev, Mikhail Bakunin and Nikolai Fedorov—to reconstruct a speculative trajectory that seeks to think an ungrounding and delegitimation of the (Christian-modern) world and its logics of violence, domination, and exclusion. In Chaadaev, Russia becomes a territory of nothingness—an absolute exception from history, tradition, and memory, without attachment or relation to world history. Ultimately, Chaadaev affirms this atopic void in its immanence, as capable of creating immanently from itself a common future. Bakunin is (...)
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  8. Anya Bernstein. The Future of Immortality: Remaking Life and Death in Contemporary Russia. Xv + 270 Pp., Bibl., Index. Princeton, N.J./Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2019. $75 (Paper). Hardcover and E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Yvonne Howell - 2020 - Isis 111 (3):693-694.
  9. Hermeneutics and its Problems: With Selected Essays in Phenomenology.Gustav Shpet - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This book details a history of the methodology of textual interpretation from Ancient Greece to the 20th century. It presents a complete English translation of Hermeneutics and Its Problems, written by Russian philosopher Gustav Gustavovich Shpet, along with insightful commentary. Written in 1918, Shpet's text remained unpublished in its original Russian until the collapse of the Soviet Union. This engaging translation will be of value to anyone interested in early phenomenology, Russian intellectual history, as well as the divergence of phenomenology (...)
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  10. Russian Text Ignored.[Russian Text Ignored] [Russian Text Ignored] - 1958 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 4 (17-20):304-308.
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  11. Russian Text Ignored.[Russian Text Ignored] [Russian Text Ignored] - 1957 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 3 (12):157-170.
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  12. Russian Text Ignored.Petr Vopênka - 1962 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 8 (3-4):293-304.
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  13. Russian Text Ignored.H. A. [Russian Text Ignored] - 1956 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 2 (1-4):27-36.
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  14. Russian Text Ignored.Russian Text Ignored - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (6):517-525.
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  15. Usages À l'Intérieur, Image À Exporter.Antoine Baudin & Leonid Heller - 1998 - Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften.
    Fondement de la culture soviétique pendant plus d'un demi-siècle, le réalisme socialiste constitue à la fois une doctrine, un outil d'organisation totale et un ensemble de pratiques. Ses effets les plus spectaculaires datent de la période mal connue du jdanovisme, dont cette série propose une étude globale en trois volets. Ce volume analyse la situation de la littérature à partir d'un corpus représentatif: les quatre revues centrales russes et le mensuel en langue française La Littérature soviétique, soumis à un dépouillement (...)
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  16. Dramat Religijny to±Stoja.Radosław Romaniuk - 2004
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  17. Informal Work Talks and Teachings, 1940 to 1950.Maurice Nicoll & Lewis Creed - 1995
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  18. Unforgotten Fragments.Beryl Chassereau Pogson & Lewis Creed - 1994
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  19. Intention Pattern.John G. Bennett - 1984
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  20. Lieh-Ning Ssu Hsiang Shih.Chung-kuo jen min ta hsüeh - 1988
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  21. Du Dong Liening.Yixing Zhang, Cuixiang He & Anying Chen - 2001
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  22. Izbrano I Nepublikuvano.ëtìsvetan Stoëiìanov - 1994
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  23. Tri Lika.Dias Valeev - 1990
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  24. Aristotle in Old Russian Literature.W. F. Ryan - 1968 - Modern Humanities Research Association.
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  25. Ãin Cæautarea Formei.Livia Cotorcea - 1995
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  26. Pavel Barša: Imanence a Sociální Pouto.Josef Fulka - 2001 - Filosoficky Casopis 49:865-868.
    [Pavel Barša: Immanence and Social Bonds].
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  27. Darwin Without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought by Daniel P. Todes; Darwin in Russian Thought by Alexander Vucinich. [REVIEW]Douglas Weiner - 1993 - Isis 84:124-127.
  28. Mendeleev's Views on Science and Society.Alexander Vucinich - 1967 - Isis 58:342-351.
  29. Science and Russian Culture in an Age of Revolutions: V. I. Vernadsky and His Scientific School, 1863-1945 by Kendall E. Bailes; Physics and Politics in Revolutionary Russia by Paul R. Josephson. [REVIEW]Yakov Rabkin - 1996 - Isis 87:192-194.
  30. Translating Textbooks: Russian, German, and the Language of Chemistry.Michael Gordin - 2012 - Isis 103:88-98.
    Using the cases of three Russian chemistry textbooks from the 1860s—authored by Freidrich Beilstein, A. M. Butlerov, and D. I. Mendeleev—this essay analyzes their contemporary translation into German and the implications of their divergent histories for scholars' understanding of the processes of credit accrual and the choices of languages of science.
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  31. The Nature of Values: Ethics and Esthetics.John Somerville - 2005 - Nature, Society, and Thought 18 (1):161-192.
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  32. A Beginning Is Always Historical, Ie, Governed by Chance: Fragments From a Conversation with M.K. Mamardashvili, April 5,1990.M. K. Mamardashvili - 1994 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 32 (4):48-65.
    Merab Konstantinovich [Mamardashvili] met with me immediately, as soon as I requested it, although he forewarned me that he could only dimly remember much of that distant past in which I was most interested. But evidently that past still perturbed him as well, since he agreed to speak with me even though he had not yet completely recovered from his illness, and hence his voice was feeble, at times subsiding to a whisper; he would pronounce his words indistinctly, constantly sticking (...)
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  33. Mikhail Kuzmin: A Life in Art. By John Malmstad and Nikolay Bogomolov.L. R. Clarke - 2003 - The European Legacy 8 (5):690-690.
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  34. Terroreloiiki (Tartu and Moscow).Mikhail Ryklin - unknown
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  35. Kul'tura I Vzryv (Moscow).Yuri Lotman - forthcoming - Gnosis.
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  36. Studies on Medieval Russian Philosophy.M. Gromov - 1992 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 99 (1):177-180.
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  37. Positivism and Physics in Russia as Seen in an 1890 Letter Written by Solovev, Vladimir.G. Mastroianni - 1993 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 13 (3):508-512.
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  38. Masaryka Diagnosis of the Religiosity of Dostoevsky, Fm.Je Karola - 1993 - Filosoficky Casopis 41 (4):584-595.
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  39. The Discovery of Muscovite Russia in Tudor England.Stéphane Mund - 2008 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 86 (2):351-373.
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  40. The Unknown Russian Mysticism: Pagan Sorcery, Christian Yoga and Other Esoteric Practices in the Former Soviet Union.Igor Kungurtsev & Olga Luchakova - 1997 - Gnosis 31:20-27.
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  41. Losev, Aleksei, Fedorovich (1893-1988), a Patriarch of Russian Philosophy, Aesthetics, Semiotics and History of Culture.M. Sapik - 1995 - Filozofia 50 (11):615-620.
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  42. 'Sfinks'and'stupeni', New Russian Philosophical Journals.O. Semak - 1995 - Filozofia 50 (5):313-315.
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  43. Dostoevski Weltanschauung-a History of Russian Philosophy.B. Yakovenko - 1995 - Filozofia 50 (8):452-453.
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  44. Vladimir Richert's Jubilee.S. Sousedik - 1995 - Filosoficky Casopis 43 (4):699-701.
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  45. The Russian Transition in Comparative And Russian Perspective.Archie Brown - 1996 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 63.
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  46. A Spider in My Room, or Some Preliminaries for a Meditation on Wisdom and Hate. Voices of Russian Transpersonalism, Vol. 5.T. R. Soidla - 1998 - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 17 (2):127-134.
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  47. Feeding Twin Snakes with Stories: Some Leaves From a Post-Soviet Post-Mature Ego Dream Journal. Voices of Russian Transpersonalism, Vol. 5.T. R. Soidla - 1998 - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 17 (2):143-148.
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  48. Dostoevski in Russian Revolution+ with Accompanying Slovak Translation and Annotations by Kopsova, R.Na Berdyaev - 1996 - Filozofia 51 (9):606-618.
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  49. Remembering the Years in Bratislava+ Memoirs of NO Losskij, Russian Philosopher.N. O. Lossky - 1996 - Filozofia 51 (10):715-721.
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  50. Russia, Europe, and Religious Freedom.Frans A. M. Alting von Geusau - 1998 - The European Legacy 3 (2):44-54.
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