Russian Philosophy

Edited by Vadim Chaly (Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University)
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Summary

Russian philosophy is a cultural phenomenon that emerged in late XVIII century as a reflection on Russia’s abruptly introduced modern condition, its departure from Orthodox tradition, and its future as a part of and/or a contender to Western civilization. The two hundred years that followed saw the proliferation of philosophical debates and programs that tried to cope with the overwhelming richness of Western philosophy and the rapidly changing world, seeking answers to perennial questions, while also developing its characteristic set of problems. Philosophy in Russia was taken seriously from the start, and philosophical ideas were sought to guide the change or to thwart change. Much of Russian modern thought proceeds to advance broad cultural, social or political projects, with systematic theoretical philosophy often becoming only a secondary concern. The pace of history offered little time for metaphysics to come to fruition, and frequent interventions from the outside, particularly by the state, altered or disrupted the flow of philosophical thought. With its comparatively short, yet dense, rapid and often violent development, Russian philosophy is rich with ideas that are relevant to current and prospective discussions.

Key works Pyotr Chaadaev, Philosophical Letters (1836) (Chaadaev 1969): the work that started the Slavophiles-Westernizers controversy, which is still going on. Vladimir Solovyov, Justification of the Good (1897) (Solovyov & Duddington 1918): a piece on moral philosophy by one of the most systematic and original Russian thinkers. Pyotr Kropotkin, Anarchism (1905) (Kropotkin unknown): still one of the best introductions to anarchism by one of its classics.
Introductions Two classic expositions of the history of Russian philosophy available in English are Nikolay Lossky's History of Russian Philosophy (1951) and Vasily Zenkovsky's A History of Russian Philosophy (Zen’Kovskiyi 1953; Zenkovsky 2003).
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  1. Russian Text Ignored.[Russian Text Ignored] [Russian Text Ignored] - 1958 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 4 (17-20):304-308.
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  2. Russian Text Ignored.[Russian Text Ignored] [Russian Text Ignored] - 1957 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 3 (12):157-170.
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  3. Russian Text Ignored.Petr Vopênka - 1962 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 8 (3-4):293-304.
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  4. Russian Text Ignored.H. A. [Russian Text Ignored] - 1956 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 2 (1-4):27-36.
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  5. Russian Text Ignored.Russian Text Ignored - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (6):517-525.
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  6. Usages À l'Intérieur, Image À Exporter.Antoine Baudin & Léonid Heller - 1998
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  7. Dramat Religijny to±Stoja.Rados±aw Romaniuk - 2004
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  8. Informal Work Talks and Teachings, 1940 to 1950.Maurice Nicoll & Lewis Creed - 1995
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  9. Unforgotten Fragments.Beryl Chassereau Pogson & Lewis Creed - 1994
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  10. Intention Pattern.John G. Bennett - 1984
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  11. Lieh-Ning Ssu Hsiang Shih.Chung-kuo jen min ta hsüeh - 1988
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  12. Du Dong Liening.Yixing Zhang, Cuixiang He & Anying Chen - 2001
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  13. Izbrano I Nepublikuvano.ëtìsvetan Stoëiìanov - 1994
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  14. Tri Lika.Dias Valeev - 1990
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  15. Aristotle in Old Russian Literature.W. F. Ryan - 1968 - Modern Humanities Research Association.
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  16. Ãin Cæautarea Formei.Livia Cotorcea - 1995
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  17. Pavel Barša: Imanence a Sociální Pouto.Josef Fulka - 2001 - Filosoficky Casopis 49:865-868.
    [Pavel Barša: Immanence and Social Bonds].
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  18. Darwin Without Malthus: The Struggle for Existence in Russian Evolutionary Thought by Daniel P. Todes; Darwin in Russian Thought by Alexander Vucinich. [REVIEW]Douglas Weiner - 1993 - Isis 84:124-127.
  19. Science and Russian Culture in an Age of Revolutions: V. I. Vernadsky and His Scientific School, 1863-1945 by Kendall E. Bailes; Physics and Politics in Revolutionary Russia by Paul R. Josephson. [REVIEW]Yakov Rabkin - 1996 - Isis 87:192-194.
  20. The Nature of Values: Ethics and Esthetics.John Somerville - 2005 - Nature, Society, and Thought 18 (1):161-192.
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  21. A Beginning Is Always Historical, Ie, Governed by Chance: Fragments From a Conversation with M.K. Mamardashvili, April 5,1990.M. K. Mamardashvili - 1994 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 32 (4):48-65.
    Merab Konstantinovich [Mamardashvili] met with me immediately, as soon as I requested it, although he forewarned me that he could only dimly remember much of that distant past in which I was most interested. But evidently that past still perturbed him as well, since he agreed to speak with me even though he had not yet completely recovered from his illness, and hence his voice was feeble, at times subsiding to a whisper; he would pronounce his words indistinctly, constantly sticking (...)
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  22. Mikhail Kuzmin: A Life in Art. By John Malmstad and Nikolay Bogomolov.L. R. Clarke - 2003 - The European Legacy 8 (5):690-690.
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  23. Terroreloiiki (Tartu and Moscow).Mikhail Ryklin - unknown
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  24. Kul'tura I Vzryv (Moscow).Yuri Lotman - forthcoming - Gnosis.
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  25. Studies on Medieval Russian Philosophy.M. Gromov - 1992 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 99 (1):177-180.
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  26. Positivism and Physics in Russia as Seen in an 1890 Letter Written by Solovev, Vladimir.G. Mastroianni - 1993 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 13 (3):508-512.
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  27. Masaryka Diagnosis of the Religiosity of Dostoevsky, Fm.Je Karola - 1993 - Filosoficky Casopis 41 (4):584-595.
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  28. The Discovery of Muscovite Russia in Tudor England.Stéphane Mund - 2008 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 86 (2):351-373.
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  29. The Unknown Russian Mysticism: Pagan Sorcery, Christian Yoga and Other Esoteric Practices in the Former Soviet Union.Igor Kungurtsev & Olga Luchakova - 1997 - Gnosis 31:20-27.
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  30. Losev, Aleksei, Fedorovich (1893-1988), a Patriarch of Russian Philosophy, Aesthetics, Semiotics and History of Culture.M. Sapik - 1995 - Filozofia 50 (11):615-620.
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  31. 'Sfinks'and'stupeni', New Russian Philosophical Journals.O. Semak - 1995 - Filozofia 50 (5):313-315.
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  32. Dostoevski Weltanschauung-a History of Russian Philosophy.B. Yakovenko - 1995 - Filozofia 50 (8):452-453.
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  33. Vladimir Richert's Jubilee.S. Sousedik - 1995 - Filosoficky Casopis 43 (4):699-701.
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  34. The Russian Transition in Comparative And Russian Perspective.Archie Brown - 1996 - Social Research 63.
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  35. A Spider in My Room, or Some Preliminaries for a Meditation on Wisdom and Hate. Voices of Russian Transpersonalism, Vol. 5.T. R. Soidla - 1998 - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 17 (2):127-134.
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  36. Feeding Twin Snakes with Stories: Some Leaves From a Post-Soviet Post-Mature Ego Dream Journal. Voices of Russian Transpersonalism, Vol. 5.T. R. Soidla - 1998 - International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 17 (2):143-148.
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  37. Dostoevski in Russian Revolution+ with Accompanying Slovak Translation and Annotations by Kopsova, R.Na Berdyaev - 1996 - Filozofia 51 (9):606-618.
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  38. Remembering the Years in Bratislava+ Memoirs of NO Losskij, Russian Philosopher.N. O. Lossky - 1996 - Filozofia 51 (10):715-721.
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  39. Russia, Europe, and Religious Freedom.Frans A. M. Alting von Geusau - 1998 - The European Legacy 3 (2):44-54.
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  40. Russia and Europe: The View From Oblomovka.Michael Holman - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (4):1533-1538.
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  41. The Tradition of the European Novel: Richard Wright and Fyodor Dostoevsky.Dennis Flynn - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (4):1439-1444.
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  42. Ukrainians and Jews in the Russian Revolution.Shaul Stampfer - 2003 - The European Legacy 8 (5):641-643.
    A Prayer for the Government: Ukrainians and Jews in Revolutionary Times, 1917-1920. By Henry Abramson, xxi+255 pp. $36.95/£24.50/€36.95 cloth; $19.95/£13.50/€19.95 paper.
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  43. Russian Labor Market in Transition: Trends, Specific Features, and State Policy.Mikhail Dmitriev & Tatyana Maleva - 1997 - Social Research 64.
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  44. Journey to Red Russia. Pao-P'U. - 1973 - Chinese Studies in History 6 (4):30-43.
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  45. Is This the Same Soviet Union We've Seen Before? Some Rapid Changes in Computers in Russian Society.Shelly Heller - 1989 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 19 (3):1-3.
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  46. Lenin in Essen.E. Leslie - forthcoming - Radical Philosophy.
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  47. Humanisation in Russian Education: A Transition Between State Determinism and Individualism.Harry Daniels, Norman Lucas, Michael Totterdell & Olga Fomina - 1995 - Educational Studies 21 (1):29-39.
    This article is concerned with the development of humanisation in contemporary Russian education where it is regarded as a key factor influencing social change in the country. The authors draw on the proceedings of a seminar held in Moscow in 1994 concerned with the future of Russian education. Through an analysis of past Russian educational development and related psychological theory an argument is developed which suggests that present trends owe more than may be expected to the past. The concept of (...)
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  48. Dostoevsky Reads Hegel in Siberia and Bursts Into Tears.L. F. Foldenyi - 2004 - Common Knowledge 10 (1):93-104.
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  49. The Philosophy of Vladimir Sergeevich Solovev in the Life and Work of Aleksei Fedorovich Losev.J. Komorovsky - 2000 - Filozofia 55 (7):563-568.
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  50. The Contributions of Russian Philosophers According to Two New Dictionaries.G. Mastroianni - 2001 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 21 (1):185-188.
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