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1 — 50 / 618
  1. added 2020-05-24
    Business as usual and Ovsyankina effect.Andrej Poleev - 2020 - Enzymes 18.
    Die Wiederaufnahme unterbrochener Handlungen nach der Aussetzung der Maßnahmen zur Eindämmung von CoVid19 veranschaulicht Unveränderlichkeit und Unvergänglichkeit regressives Zustandes, in dem sich weite Teile der Bevölkerung befinden. Nach kurzer Unterbrechung kommt alles in gewöhnten Kreis alltäglicher Routine und Gedankenlosigkeit, mit denen solche Aufgaben erledigt werden. Nichts, aber gar nichts änderte sich nach dem Unglück, das eigentlich, wie in meisten solchen Fällen, die Gelegenheit bietet, über sich selbst und die Welt nachzudenken.
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  2. added 2020-05-19
    Mapping the Psychotic Mind: A Review on the Subjective Structure of Thought Insertion.Pablo Lopez-Silva - 2018 - The Psychiatry Quarterly 89 (4).
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  3. added 2020-05-19
    The Typology Problem and the Doxastic Approach to Delusions.Pablo Lopez-Silva - 2017 - Filosofia Unisinos 17 (2).
  4. added 2020-05-19
    DSM-V and the Diagnostic Role of Psychotic.Pablo Lopez-Silva - 2017 - Archives of Clinical Psychiatry 44 (6).
  5. added 2020-05-18
    An Excess of Meaning: Conceptual Over-Interpretation in Confabulation and Schizophrenia.Joshua A. Bergamin - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):163-176.
    I argue that ordinary confabulation is a side-effect of an interpretive faculty that makes sense of the world by rationalising our experience within the context of a personal and cultural narrative. However, I argue that a hyperactivity of the same process manifests as schizotypy—latent schizophrenic tendencies—that can lead to extreme dissociation of interpretation from experience. I first give a phenomenological account of the process of interpretation, arguing that it is enacted through the creation of conceptual cognitive content from an originary (...)
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  6. added 2020-04-22
    Schizophrenia in Adolescents and the Family System.Waldemar Świętochowski - 2011 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 42 (1):5-10.
    Schizophrenia in adolescents and the family system Empirical research shows that chronic diseases have specific, idiosyncratic functions in the family, and give real, psychosocial advantages. This leaves the question - can schizophrenic disorders have similar function in the family system as a chronic somatic disease? We have analyzed systemic family traits in families with schizophrenic young patients. The reference samples were two kinds of families: families with schizophrenic adults and families without any chronic disease or chronic illness. The subjects of (...)
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  7. added 2020-04-22
    Developing an Empirical-Phenomenological Approach to Schizophrenia Research.Larry Davidson - 1992 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 23 (1):3-15.
    Schizophrenia has historically been considered a severe psychiatric disorder with a chronic and progressive course; an assumption that has shaped both clinical research and public policy. Recent studies have suggested, however, that many people recover from this disorder to varying degrees, prompting new research approaches that focus on factors influencing improvement as well as pathology. An empirical-phenomenological approach appears especially promising as an avenue to investigating the active role the person may play in improvement. The dimensions of everyday life that (...)
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  8. added 2020-04-21
    Where’s the Problem? Considering Laing and Esterson’s Account of Schizophrenia, Social Models of Disability, and Extended Mental Disorder.Rachel Cooper - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (4):295-305.
    In this article, I compare and evaluate R. D. Laing and A. Esterson’s account of schizophrenia as developed in Sanity, Madness and the Family, social models of disability, and accounts of extended mental disorder. These accounts claim that some putative disorders should not be thought of as reflecting biological or psychological dysfunction within the afflicted individual, but instead as external problems. In this article, I consider the grounds on which such claims might be supported. I argue that problems should not (...)
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  9. added 2020-04-21
    Ontologies, Disorders and Prototypes.Cristina Amoretti, Marcello Frixione, Antonio Lieto & Greta Adamo - 2016 - In Proceedings of IACAP 2016.
    As it emerged from philosophical analyses and cognitive research, most concepts exhibit typicality effects, and resist to the efforts of defining them in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. This holds also in the case of many medical concepts. This is a problem for the design of computer science ontologies, since knowledge representation formalisms commonly adopted in this field (such as, in the first place, the Web Ontology Language - OWL) do not allow for the representation of concepts in terms (...)
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  10. added 2020-04-21
    Schizophrenia and the Dysfunctional Brain.Justin Garson - 2010 - Journal of Cognitive Science 11:215-246.
    Scientists, philosophers, and even the lay public commonly accept that schizophrenia stems from a biological or internal ‘dysfunction.’ However, this assessment is typically accompanied neither by well-defined criteria for determining that something is dysfunctional nor empirical evidence that schizophrenia satisfies those criteria. In the following, a concept of biological function is developed and applied to a neurobiological model of schizophrenia. It concludes that current evidence does not warrant the claim that schizophrenia stems from a biological dysfunction, and, in fact, that (...)
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  11. added 2020-04-20
    The Ins and Outs of ‘Schizophrenia’: Considering Diagnostic Terms as Ordinary Linguistic Expressions.Anke Maatz & Yvonne Ilg - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Humanities:1-18.
    Diagnostic terms in psychiatry like ‘schizophrenia’ and ‘bipolar disorder’ are deeply contested in the professional community, by mental health activists and the public. In this paper, we provide a theoretical framework for considering diagnostic terms as ordinary linguistic expressions and illustrate this approach by a corpus linguistic analysis of ‘schizophrenia.’ Our aim is to show how a focus on language itself can inform current and future debates about psychiatric terminology and provide new insights on relevant processes concerning their actual usage (...)
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  12. added 2020-04-10
    Disassociation of Lexical and Color Pattern Implicit Learning in Schizophrenic Patients.K. Liu, M. H. Hsieh, S. K. Liu, H. G. Hwu & M. J. Chiu - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S91 - S92.
  13. added 2020-04-09
    Disturbance of Ego-Boundary Enaction in Schizophrenia.Richard G. T. Gipps - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):91-106.
    Today the concept of 'schizophrenia' is often presented in psychiatric texts as a construct, a construct bringing together a diverse and, allegedly, independently assailable range of signs and symptoms. According to such a diagnostic scheme two patients may both be allowed to count as suffering from schizophrenia despite sharing hardly a single symptom. The validity of the concept has accordingly been contested by psychologists for its apparent lack of unity. In the absence of clear independent evidence of a unitary physiological (...)
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  14. added 2020-04-09
    When Ego-Boundaries Break.Richard G. T. Gipps - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):111-113.
    In her commentary, Dibitonto helpfully compares my understanding of schizophrenic ego disturbance with that of Blankenburg. His patient Anne described her true schizophrenic difficulty as obtaining in some sense 'before' those experiential disturbances she can articulate. Ordinary conversational modes misleadingly invite her and us to attempt describing her difficulties in terms which presuppose the intactness of, rather than capture the underlying disturbance to, her self-hood. They fail to locate the disturbance deep enough, fail to grasp how it arises 'before' what (...)
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  15. added 2020-04-09
    Why Schizophrenia Is so Relevant to Enaction and to Clinical Ethics: Naturalizing the Transcendental and the Risk of Stigmatizing.Daria Dibitonto - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):107-109.
    The mutual interest between embodied cognitive sciences, in particular enactivism, and phenomenological psychopathology has significantly increased in the last 15 years. Gipps's article contributes to this field of research by defining ego boundaries in an enactivist framework to explain how the distinction self-other emerges and is maintained in ordinary healthy conditions, and how it is weakened and impaired in cases of schizophrenia. Gipps's first tenet is: The ego-boundary is enacted equiprimordially with experience, that is, it...
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  16. added 2020-04-09
    On Excentricity and Explanation: Reply To Sass's and Walter's Comments.Thomas Fuchs - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):89-90.
    In his commentary, Louis Sass points out some aspects of excentricity that are important to keep in mind when applying the notion to schizophrenia.First, it is true that the failure of the excentric position may not be equated with the naïve egocentricity of Piaget's young child—it is not a "regression" to an earlier developmental stage. On the contrary, paranoid delusion is only possible because the patients had already acquired the excentric position before, for this is what leads them to see (...)
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  17. added 2020-04-09
    Delusion, Reality, and Excentricity: Comment on Thomas Fuchs.Louis A. Sass - 2020 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 27 (1):81-83.
    In "Delusion, Reality, and Intersubjectivity," Thomas Fuchs offers a superb presentation of an enactive/phenomenological approach to schizophrenic delusions—an approach that is clearly superior to the poor-reality-testing formula that has dominated thinking about delusion in psychiatry, psychoanalysis, and cognitive-behavioral theory. As he convincingly argues, two key tendencies go a long way toward accounting for the distinctive features of delusion in schizophrenia: 1) withdrawal from practical, sensori-motoric interaction with the physical environment; and 2) failure to experience reality in intersubjective terms—as a realm (...)
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  18. added 2020-04-09
    Attribution of Action in Schizophrenic Patients.C. Farrer, N. Franck, N. Georgieff & M. Jeannerod - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S44 - S44.
  19. added 2020-04-06
    Investigating the Interaction Between Schizotypy, Divergent Thinking and Cannabis Use.Gráinne Schafer, Amanda Fielding, Celia Morgan, Maria Agathangelou & Tom Freeman - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):292-298.
    Cannabis acutely increases schizotypy and chronic use is associated with elevated rates of psychosis. Creative individuals have higher levels of schizotypy, however links between cannabis use, schizotypy and creativity have not been investigated. We investigated the effects of cannabis smoked naturalistically on schizotypy and divergent thinking, a measure of creativity. One hundred and sixty cannabis users were tested on 1 day when sober and another day when intoxicated with cannabis. State and trait measures of both schizotypy and creativity were administered. (...)
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  20. added 2020-03-07
    Dementia praecox oder Gruppe der Schizophrenien.Eugen Bleuler - 1911 - Verlag Franz Deuticke.
    "Unsere Literatur ist voll von Klagen über den chaotischen Zustand der Systematik der Psychosen, und jeder Psychiater weiß, daß man sich auf Grund der alten Diagnosen gar nicht genügend verständigen kann. (...) So können sich mit den alten Begriffen nicht einmal die Koryphäen der Wissenschaft verständigen, und viele Patienten tragen genau so viele Diagnosen mit sich herum, als sie Anstalten besucht haben. (...) Irrtümer hindern die Wissenschaft am meisten am Fortschreiten; sie zu beseitigen hat mehr praktischen Wert, als eine neue (...)
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  21. added 2020-03-06
    Dementia Praecox or the Group of Schizophrenias.Eugen Bleuler - 1950 - New York, USA: International Universities Press.
    "Our literature is replete with complaints about the chaotic state of the systematics of psychoses and every psychiatrist knows that it is impossible to come to any common understanding on the basis of the old diagnostic labels. ... Thus, not even the masters of science can make themselves understood on the basis of the old concepts and with many patients the number of diagnoses made equals the number of institutions they have been too. ... Errors are the greatest obstacles to (...)
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  22. added 2020-02-07
    Mind, Meaning and Mental Disorder: The Nature of Causal Explanation in Psychology and Psychiatry.Derek Bolton & Jonathan Hill - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    This new edition of Mind, Meaning, and Mental Disorder addresses key issues in the philosophy of psychiatry, drawing on both philosophical and scientific theory. The main idea of the book is that causal models of mental disorders have to include meaningful processes as well as any possible lower-level physical causes, and this propsoal is illustrated with detailed discussion of current models of common mental health problems. First published in 1996, this volume played an important role in bridging the gap between (...)
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  23. added 2020-02-03
    When One’s Sense of Agency Goes Wrong: Absent Modulation of Time Perception by Voluntary Actions and Reduction of Perceived Length of Intervals in Passivity Symptoms in Schizophrenia.Kyran T. Graham-Schmidt, Mathew T. Martin-Iverson, Nicholas P. Holmes & Flavie A. V. Waters - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 45:9-23.
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  24. added 2020-01-31
    Narrative Identity in Schizophrenia.Stephan Raffard, D., Arnaud Argembeau, Claudia Lardi, Sophie Bayard & Jean-Philippe Boulenger - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):328-340.
    This study examined narrative identity in a group of 81 patients with schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls through the recall of self-defining memories. The results indicated that patients’ narratives were less coherent and elaborate than those of controls. Schizophrenia patients were severely impaired in the ability to make connections with the self and extract meaning from their memories, which significantly correlated with illness duration. In agreement with earlier research, patients exhibited an early reminiscence bump. Moreover, the period of the reminiscence (...)
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  25. added 2020-01-31
    Th.O.M.A.S.: An Exploratory Assessment of Theory of Mind in Schizophrenic Subjects.Francesca Bosco, Livia Colle, Silvia de Fazio, Adele Bono & Saverio Ruberti - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):306-319.
    A large body of literature agrees that persons with schizophrenia suffer from a Theory of Mind deficit. However, most empirical studies have focused on third-person, egocentric ToM, underestimating other facets of this complex cognitive skill. Aim of this research is to examine the ToM of schizophrenic persons considering its various aspects, to determine whether some components are more impaired than others.We developed a Theory of Mind Assessment Scale and administered it to 22 persons with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia and (...)
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  26. added 2020-01-23
    Outcome-Focused Judgements of Moral Dilemmas in Schizophrenia.Jonathan McGuire, Martin Brüne & Robyn Langdon - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 52:21-31.
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  27. added 2020-01-16
    Higher Proneness to Multisensory Illusions is Driven by Reduced Temporal Sensitivity in People with High Schizotypal Traits.Francesca Ferri, Agnese Venskus, Francesca Fotia, Jason Cooke & Vincenzo Romei - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:263-270.
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  28. added 2020-01-14
    Schizophrenia Patients Are Impaired in Recognition Task but More for Intentionality Than Physical Causality.Ali Oker, Sarah Del Goleto, Alice Vignes, Christine Passerieux, Paul Roux & Eric-Brunet Gouet - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 67:98-107.
  29. added 2020-01-09
    Thought Insertion and Disturbed for-Me-Ness in Schizophrenia.Mads Gram Henriksen, Josef Parnas & Dan Zahavi - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 74:102770.
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  30. added 2020-01-09
    Mind Wandering in Schizophrenia: A Thought-Sampling Study.Tao Chen, Xiao-Jing Qin, Ji-Fang Cui, Ying Li, Lu-lu Liu, Pengchong Wang, Shu-li Tao, David H. K. Shum, Ya Wang & Raymond C. K. Chan - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 74:102774.
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  31. added 2020-01-09
    “Seeing Rain”: Integrating Phenomenological and Bayesian Predictive Coding Approaches to Visual Hallucinations and Self-Disturbances in Schizophrenia.J. A. Kaminski, P. Sterzer & A. L. Mishara - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 73:102757.
  32. added 2020-01-08
    Lost in the Socially Extended Mind: Genuine Intersubjectivity and Disturbed Self-Other Demarcation in Schizophrenia.Tom Froese & Joel Krueger - forthcoming - In Christian Tewes & Giovanni Stanghellini (eds.), Time and Body: Phenomenological and Psychopathological Approaches. Cambridge, UK:
    Much of the characteristic symptomatology of schizophrenia can be understood as resulting from a pervasive sense of disembodiment. The body is experienced as an external machine that needs to be controlled with explicit intentional commands, which in turn leads to severe difficulties in interacting with the world in a fluid and intuitive manner. In consequence, there is a characteristic dissociality: Others become problems to be solved by intellectual effort and no longer present opportunities for spontaneous interpersonal alignment. This dissociality goes (...)
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  33. added 2020-01-08
    Clinical and Non-Clinical Hallucinations Are Similarly Associated with Source Memory Errors in a Visual Memory Task.Gildas Brébion, Christian Stephan-Otto, Susana Ochoa, Jorge Cuevas-Esteban, Araceli Núñez-Navarro & Judith Usall - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 76:102823.
  34. added 2020-01-07
    The Neurophenomenology of Early Psychosis: An Integrative Empirical Study.B. Nelson, S. Lavoie, Ł Gawęda, E. Li, L. A. Sass, D. Koren, P. D. McGorry, B. N. Jack, J. Parnas, A. Polari, K. Allott, J. A. Hartmann & T. J. Whitford - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102845.
  35. added 2019-12-25
    Человек – это память.Andrej Poleev - 2019 - Enzymes 17.
    Человек – это память. Чтобы понять, что такое человек, необходимо понять, что такое память.
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  36. added 2019-12-07
    The Ganser Syndrome.David F. Allen, Jacques Postel & German E. Berrios - 2000 - In G. Berrios & J. Hodges (eds.), Memory Disorders in Psychiatric Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 443.
    This chapter discusses the Ganser syndrome and gives a brief account on its clinical features. A significant number of clinicians in Europe continued accepting Ganser's basic postulates that the patients showed significant memory disorder and 'answers towards the question' within the framework of traumatic or reactive hysteria. In elderly patients, Ganser type symptoms may be indicative of the onset of dementia. Ganser syndrome raises the question of the interaction between concepts, ideology and clinical observation. The clinician must be aware that (...)
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  37. added 2019-12-03
    German Disease.Andrej Poleev - 2019 - Enzymes 17.
  38. added 2019-11-17
    Contentless Consciousness and Information-Processing Theories of Mind.Philip R. Sullivan - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (1):51-59.
    Functionalist theories of mind sometimes have viewed consciousness as emerging simply from the computational activity of extremely complex information-processing systems. Empirical evidence suggests strongly, however, that experiences without content ("pure consciousness" events, or "core mystical experience") and devoid of subjectivity (no sense of agency or ownership) do happen. The occurrence of such consciousness, lacking all informational content, counts against any theory that equates consciousness with the mere "flow of information," no matter how intricate.
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  39. added 2019-11-17
    Key Concepts: Associationism.Manfred Spitzer - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (2):135-137.
    Associationism can be broadly defined as a school of thought in philosophy and psychology that holds that mental activity can be accounted for by processes that combine simple elements or ideas. More than a century ago, scientific psychology started taking measurements of word associations, and only a few years later, word associations became a major research tool in psychiatry. With the advent of neurobiology and the discovery of the neuron, the term association came to denote physical connections between cells or (...)
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  40. added 2019-11-15
    Life as a Process of Production.Roberto R. Evangelista Silvdaa - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 239-242.
  41. added 2019-11-13
    Philosophy of Psychiatry.Dominic Murphy - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  42. added 2019-11-13
    Dominic Murphy Psychiatry in the Scientific Image.Robin Brown - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):673-678.
  43. added 2019-11-13
    Underconstraint and Overconstraint in Psychiatry.Elena Bezzubova & Gordon Globus - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):788-789.
    Hallucination lies at an intriguing border between psychiatry and philosophy. Although Behrendt & Young (B&Y) tie their proposal to Kantian transcendental idealism, other philosophical positions are equally consistent. Cognition is underconstrained by reality not only in hallucination but also in autism and dreaming. Sensory underconstraint is insufficient to encompass schizophrenia. There is also a breakdown in integrative capacity on the cognitive side. From a wider clinical perspective than schizophrenia, there can be underconstraint or overconstraint in sensory and cognitive functionalities.
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  44. added 2019-11-13
    Thought Insertion and Immunity to Error Through Misidentification.Annalisa Coliva - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (1):27-34.
    John Campbell (1999) has recently maintained that the phenomenon of thought insertion as it is manifested in schizophrenic patients should be described as a case in which the subject is introspectively aware of a certain thought and yet she is wrong in identifying whose thought it is. Hence, according to Campbell, the phenomenon of thought insertion might be taken as a counterexample to the view that introspection-based mental selfascriptions are logically immune to error through misidentification (IEM, hereafter). Thus, if Campbell (...)
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  45. added 2019-11-13
    Top-Down Modulation, Emotion, and Hallucination.André Aleman & René S. Kahn - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):578-578.
    We argue that the pivotal role assigned by Northoff to the principle of top-down modulation in catatonia might successfully be applied to other symptoms of schizophrenia, for example, hallucinations. Second, we propose that Northoff's account would benefit from a more comprehensive analysis of the cognitive level of explanation. Finally, contrary to Northoff, we hypothesize that “top-down modulation” might play as important a role as “horizontal modulation” in affective-behavioral alterations.
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  46. added 2019-11-08
    Cogito and I: A Bio-Logical Approach.Bin Kimura - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):331-336.
    The key mutation of the schizophrenic psyche can be described as a disturbance of the first person-ness of the I-sense, i.e., of the sense of the "I" as personal subject of experience and of action. Under these circumstances, representations of things are not definitively experienced as "my" representations—with the self-evidence of belonging to me. This uncertainty of selfhood, specific to schizophrenia, cannot be reduced to a disability of intellect, logic, judgment, or memory. In the course of developing his argument, the (...)
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  47. added 2019-11-06
    Schizophrenia and the Epistemology of Self-Knowledge.Hanna Pickard - 2010 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (1):55 - 74.
    Extant philosophical accounts of schizophrenic alien thought neglect three clinically signifi cant features of the phenomenon. First, not only thoughts, but also impulses and feelings, are experienced as alien. Second, only a select array of thoughts, impulses, and feelings are experienced as alien. Th ird, empathy with experiences of alienation is possible. I provide an account of disownership that does justice to these features by drawing on recent work on delusions and selfknowledge. Th e key idea is that disownership occurs (...)
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  48. added 2019-11-06
    Implicit and Explicit Temporality.Thomas Fuchs - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (3):195-198.
  49. added 2019-11-06
    Classifying Madness: A Philosophical Examination of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.Rachel Cooper - unknown
    Classifying Madness (Springer, 2005) concerns philosophical problems with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, more commonly known as the D.S.M. The D.S.M. is published by the American Psychiatric Association and aims to list and describe all mental disorders. The first half of Classifying Madness asks whether the project of constructing a classification of mental disorders that reflects natural distinctions makes sense. Chapters examine the nature of mental illness, and also consider whether mental disorders fall into natural kinds. The (...)
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  50. added 2019-10-17
    Review of Inner Speech. New Voices (OUP), Edited by Peter Langland-Hassan and Agustín Vicente. [REVIEW]Marta Jorba - 2019 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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