2024 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 2024
  1. added 2018-07-17
    On TAE Machines and Their Computational Power.Apostolos Syropoulos - forthcoming - Logica Universalis:1-6.
    Trail-And-Error machines have been proposed by Hintikka and Mutanen as an alternative formulation of the notion of computation. These machines extend the capabilities of the Turing machine and widen the theory of computation.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. added 2018-07-17
    On Quantum Life of Black Holes.Gia Dvali - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:1-7.
    We review some ideas about the quantum physics of black hole information storage and processing in terms of a general phenomenon of quantum criticality.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. added 2018-07-17
    Kosta Došen.Peter Schroeder-Heister - forthcoming - Studia Logica:1-3.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. added 2018-07-17
    Postulational Rhetoric and Presumptive Tautologies: The Genre of the Pedagogical, Negativity, and the Political.Tomasz Szkudlarek - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-11.
    In the paper I analyze two features of the genre of the pedagogical. First is a particular usage of “should” statements where one can identify an effect of erasing present normative behavior, while that which is postulated is turned into an unattainable ideal, or a value. Second, I analyze “presumptive tautologies” in the discourse of aims of education. I focus on negative dimensions of these two features and, using theoretical insights from Laclau and Rancière, I connect them to the work (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. added 2018-07-17
    Introduction to Data Ethics.James Brusseau - 2018 - In The Business Ethics Workshop, 3rd Edition. Boston, USA: Boston Academic Publishing / Flatworld Knowledge. pp. 349-376.
    An Introduction to data ethics, focusing on questions of privacy and personal identity in the economic world as it is defined by big data technologies, artificial intelligence, and algorithmic capitalism. -/- Originally published in The Business Ethics Workshop, 3rd Edition, by Boston Acacdemic Publishing / FlatWorld Knowledge.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. added 2018-07-17
    A Bayesian Perspective on Likert Scales and Central Tendency.Igor Douven - 2018 - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 25:1202-1211.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. added 2018-07-17
    Clustering Colors.Igor Douven - 2017 - Cognitive Systems Research 45:70-81.
    Regier, Kay, and Khetarpal report the results of computer simulations that cluster color stimuli on the basis of their coordinates in CIELAB space, one of two commonly used perceptual color spaces. Regier and coauthors find partitions of those stimuli that are strikingly similar to the way actual color lexicons partition color space. They do not argue for the custom-made clustering method used in their simulations, nor for the assumption of CIELAB space. The present paper aims to answer the question to (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. added 2018-07-16
    Comparativism and the Measurement of Partial Belief.Edward J. R. Elliott - manuscript
    Comparativism is the view that comparative beliefs (e.g., believing p to be more likely than q) are more fundamental than partial beliefs (e.g., believing p to some degree x), with the latter explicable as theoretical constructs designed to facilitate reasoning about patterns within systems of comparative beliefs that exist under special conditions. In this paper, I fi rst outline several varieties of comparativism, including two `Ramseyan' varieties which generalise the standard `probabilistic' approaches. I then provide a general critique that applies (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. added 2018-07-16
    Electrophysiological Correlates of Empathic Processing in Individuals with Psychopathic Meanness Traits.J. D. M. Van Dongen, Inti A. Brazil, F. M. van der Veen & I. H. A. Franken - forthcoming - Neuropsychology.
  10. added 2018-07-16
    Conditionals and Inferential Connections: A Hypothetical Inferential Theory.Igor Douven - 2018 - Cognitive Psychology 101:50-81.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. added 2018-07-16
    Analog Mental Representation.Jacob Beck - 2018 - WIREs Cognitive Science.
    Over the past 50 years, philosophers and psychologists have perennially argued for the existence of analog mental representations of one type or another. This study critically reviews a number of these arguments as they pertain to three different types of mental representation: perceptual representations, imagery representations, and numerosity representations. Along the way, careful consideration is given to the meaning of “analog” presupposed by these arguments for analog mental representation, and to open avenues for future research.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. added 2018-07-16
    Khunaji's al-Jumal in the Context of Logic Studies in the Seventh and Eighth Century (AH) and the Commentaries Written on His Work.Ramy ElBanna - 2018 - Tasavvur - Tekirdag Theology Journal 4 (1):73 - 93.
    The science of logic has occupied an important role in Islamic history. Especially when al-Gazali 505-1111 has come and claimed that who learned Islamic sciences, without learning the Logic we cannot trust in his knowledge. From this time The science of logic has been flourished and quietly began to include in many sciences even Tefsir and Fiqh. After that, Al-razzi 606/1210 has established a big school in Islamic philosophy in general and in logic in particular. al-Khonaji 646/1248 one of his (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. added 2018-07-16
    Maths, Logic and Language.Tetsuaki Iwamoto - 2018 - Geneva: Logic Forum.
    A work on the philosophy of mathematics (2017) -/- ‘Number’, such a simple idea, and yet it fascinated and absorbed the greatest proportion of human geniuses over centuries, not to mention the likes of Pythagoras, Euclid, Newton, Leibniz, Descartes and countless maths giants like Euler, Gauss and Hilbert, etc.. Einstein thought of pure maths as the poetry of logical ideas, the exactitude of which, although independent of experience, strangely seems to benefit the study of the objects of reality. And, interestingly (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. added 2018-07-16
    Review of "Enactivist Interventions: Rethinking the Mind" by Shaun Gallagher. [REVIEW]Rick Grush - 2018
  15. added 2018-07-16
    Explanation, Updating, and Accuracy.Igor Douven - 2016 - Journal of Cognitive Psychology 28:1004-1012.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. added 2018-07-16
    Vagueness, Graded Membership, and Conceptual Spaces.Igor Douven - 2016 - Cognition 151:80-95.
    This paper is concerned with a version of Kamp and Partee's account of graded membership that relies on the conceptual spaces framework. Three studies are reported, one to construct a particular shape space, one to detect which shapes representable in that space are typical for certain sorts of objects, and one to elicit degrees of category membership for the various shapes from which the shape space was constructed. Taking Kamp and Partee's proposal as given, the first two studies allowed us (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. added 2018-07-15
    Pure Logic of Iterated Full Ground.Jon Erling Litland - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-25.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. added 2018-07-15
    Scientists' Reuse of Old Empirical Data: Epistemological Aspects.James W. McAllister - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. added 2018-07-15
    Idealization and Galileo's Proto-Inertial Principle.Maarten Van Dyck - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. added 2018-07-15
    Meta-Research Evidence for Evaluating Therapies.Jonathan Fuller - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. added 2018-07-15
    Memory and Optogenetic Intervention: Separating the Engram From the Ecphory.Sarah Robins - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. added 2018-07-15
    Simplicity and Simplification in Astrophysical Modeling.Sibylle Anderl - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. added 2018-07-15
    Generality and Causal Interdependence in Ecology.Alkistis Tania Elliott-Graves - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. added 2018-07-15
    A Note on Gentzen’s Ordinal Assignment.Annika Kanckos - forthcoming - Archive for Mathematical Logic:1-6.
    Gentzen’s height measure of the 1938 consistency proof is a cumulative complexity measure for sequents that is measured bottom-up in a derivation. By a factorisation of the ordinal assignment a top-down ordinal assignment can be given that does not depend on information occurring below the sequent to which the ordinal is assigned. Furthermore, an ordinal collapsing function is defined in order to collapse the top-down ordinal to the one assigned by Gentzen’s own ordinal assignment. A direct definition of the factorised (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. added 2018-07-15
    The Peculiar Logic of the Black-Scholes Model.Jim Weatherall - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. added 2018-07-15
    How to Do Digital Philosophy of Science.Charles H. Pence & Grant Ramsey - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. added 2018-07-15
    The Time of Data: Time-Scales of Data Use in the Life Sciences.Sabina Leonelli - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. added 2018-07-15
    The Dark Galaxy Hypothesis.Michael Weisberg, Melissa Jacquart, Barry Madore & Marja Seidel - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. added 2018-07-15
    The Σ 1 -Provability Logic of HA.Mohammad Ardeshir & Mojtaba Mojtahedi - 2018 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 169 (10):997-1043.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. added 2018-07-15
    The Dyck and the Preiss Separation Uniformly.Vassilios Gregoriades - 2018 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 169 (10):1082-1116.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. added 2018-07-15
    De verantwoordelijkheid van de overheid ten aanzien van gedragssturende beleidsinstrumenten voor verduurzaming.Luc Bovens - 2013 - Duurzame Gedragspatronen. Essays. Ethische Aspecten van Gedragsbeinvloeding Door de Overheid Voor Verduurzaming van de Samenleving.
    I discuss ethical aspects of behavioural policies in domestic energy usage, recycling, food waste and transportation.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. added 2018-07-14
    Structuring Decisions Under Deep Uncertainty.Casey Helgeson - forthcoming - Topoi.
    Innovative research on decision making under ‘deep uncertainty’ is underway in applied fields such as engineering and operational research, largely outside the view of normative theorists grounded in decision theory. Applied methods and tools for decision support under deep uncertainty go beyond standard decision theory in the attention that they give to the structuring (also called framing) of decisions. Decision structuring is an important part of a broader philosophy of managing uncertainty in decision making, and normative decision theorists can both (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. added 2018-07-14
    Applicability Increases the Effect of Misattribution on Judgment.Yael Ecker & Yoav Bar-Anan - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-13.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. added 2018-07-14
    Educating Semiosis: Foundational Concepts for an Ecological Edusemiotic.Cary Campbell - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-27.
    Many edusemiotic writers have begun to closely align edusemitoics to biosemiotics; the basic logic being that, if the life process can be defined through the criterion of semiotic engagement, so can the learning process :373–387, 2006). Thus, the ecological concept of umwelt has come to be a central area of investigation for edusemiotics; allowing theorists to address learning and living concurrently, from the perspective of meaning and significance. To address the conceptual and experiential foundations of the edusemiotic perspective, this paper (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. added 2018-07-14
    On the historical significance of Beijerinck and his contagium vivum fluidum for modern virology.Neeraja Sankaran - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):41.
    This paper considers the foundational role of the contagium vivum fluidum—first proposed by the Dutch microbiologist Martinus Beijerinck in 1898—in the history of virology, particularly in shaping the modern virus concept, defined in the 1950s. Investigating the cause of mosaic disease of tobacco, previously shown to be an invisible and filterable entity, Beijerinck concluded that it was neither particulate like the bacteria implicated in certain infectious diseases, nor soluble like the toxins and enzymes responsible for symptoms in others. He offered (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. added 2018-07-14
    'Biodiversity’ and Biological Diversities: Consequences of Pluralism Between Biology and Policy.David M. Frank - 2017 - In Justin Garson, Sahotra Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Biodiversity. New York, NY, USA: pp. 96-109.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. added 2018-07-14
    Making Uncertainties Explicit: The Jeffreyan Value-Free Ideal and its Limits.David M. Frank - 2017 - In Kevin C. Elliott & Ted Richards (eds.), Exploring Inductive Risk. New York, NY, USA:
    According to Richard Jeffrey’s value-free ideal, scientists should avoid making value judgments about inductive risks by offering explicit representations of scientific uncertainty to decision-makers, who can use these to make decisions according to their own values. Some philosophers have responded by arguing that higher-order inductive risks arise in the process of producing representations of uncertainty. This chapter explores this line of argument and its limits, arguing that the Jeffreyan value-free ideal is achievable in contexts where methodological decisions introduce minimal higher-order (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. added 2018-07-14
    Ethics of the Scientist Qua Policy Advisor: Inductive Risk, Uncertainty, and Catastrophe in Climate Economics.David M. Frank - 2017 - Synthese 1 (S.I. : Evidence Amalgamation in):1-16.
    This paper discusses ethical issues surrounding Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) of the economic effects of climate change, and how climate economists acting as policy advisors ought to represent the uncertain possibility of catastrophe. Some climate economists, especially Martin Weitzman, have argued for a precautionary approach where avoiding catastrophe should structure climate economists’ welfare analysis. This paper details ethical arguments that justify this approach, showing how Weitzman’s “fat tail” probabilities of climate catastrophe pose ethical problems for widely used IAMs. The main (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. added 2018-07-14
    Different Arguments, Same Problems. Modal Ambiguity and Tricky Substitutions.Rafal Urbaniak - 2017 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 13 (2):5-22.
    I illustrate with three classical examples the mistakes arising from using a modal operator admitting multiple interpretations in the same argument; the flaws arise especially easily if no attention is paid to the range of propositional variables. Premisses taken separately might seem convincing and a substitution for a propositional variable in a modal context might seem legitimate. But there is no single interpretation of the modal operators involved under which all the premisses are plausible and the substitution successful.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. added 2018-07-14
    Evaluation of Research(Ers) and its Threat to Epistemic Pluralisms.Marko Marko - 2017 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 13 (2):55-78.
    While some form of evaluation has always been employed in science (e.g. peer review, hiring), formal systems of evaluation of research and researchers have recently come to play a more prominent role in many countries because of the adoption of new models of governance. According to such models, the quality of the output of both researchers and their institutions is measured, and issues such as eligibility for tenure or the allocation of public funding to research institutions crucially depends on the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. added 2018-07-14
    Assessing Efficacy of ‘Neuroenhancing’ Drugs: Normative Problems in Empirical Controversies.David M. Frank - 2013 - In Ronald Sandler & John Basl (eds.), Designer Biology: The Ethics of Intensively Engineering Biological and Ecological Systems. Lanham, MD 20706, USA: pp. 49-67.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. added 2018-07-13
    'From Each According to Ability; To Each According to Needs': Origin, Meaning, and Development of Socialist Slogans.Luc Bovens & Adrien Lutz - forthcoming - History of Political Economy.
    There are three slogans in the history of Socialism that are very close in wording, viz. the famous Cabet-Blanc-Marx slogan: "From each according to his ability; To each according to his needs"; the earlier Saint-Simon-Pecqueur slogan: "To each according to his ability; To each according to his works"; and the later slogan in Stalin’s Soviet Constitution: "From each according to his ability; To each according to his work." We will consider the following questions regarding these slogans: a) What are the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. added 2018-07-13
    Peirce and Aesthetic Education.Juliana Acosta López de Mesa - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy of Education.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. added 2018-07-13
    Response to Shankman.Ian Jarvie - forthcoming - Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
    This response to Shankman’s 2018 concedes some points, corrects others, and emphasizes the importance of error to the progress of science.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. added 2018-07-13
    The Ethics of Making Risky Decisions for Others.Luc Bovens - forthcoming - In Mark D. White (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Ethics and Economics. Oxford University Press.
    Utilitarianism, it has been said, is not sensitive to the distribution of welfare. In making risky decisions for others there are multiple sensitivities at work. I present examples of risky decision-making involving drug allocations, charitable giving, breast-cancer screening and C-sections. In each of these examples there is a different sensitivity at work that pulls away from the utilitarian prescription. Instances of saving fewer people at a greater risk to many is more complex because there are two distributional sensitivities at work (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. added 2018-07-13
    Should Liberal States Subsidize Religious Schooling?François Boucher - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-19.
    Many liberals and secularists believe that religious schooling should not be publicly funded or that it should simply be banned. Challenging those views, I claim that although liberal states may refuse to fund and may even ban certain illiberal separate religious schools, it is impermissible, for distinctively liberal reasons, to completely ban publicly funded religious schooling. I will however argue that providing religious instruction within common public schools is more desirable than having separate religious schools. I argue that providing religious (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. added 2018-07-13
    There is No Haecceitic Euthyphro Problem.Alexander Skiles - forthcoming - Analysis.
  48. added 2018-07-13
    Goods, Principles, and Values in the Brighouse, Ladd, Loeb and Swift Framework for Educational Policy-Making.Lars Lindblom - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-15.
    This article presents the promising framework for educational decision makers developed by Brighouse, Ladd, Loeb, and Swift. The framework consists of an account of the educational goods, distributional principles and independent values at stake in education, and a method for making policy decisions on the basis of these and solid social science. I present three criticisms of this approach. The first says that the derivation of educational goods proceeds on the basis of a too narrow conception of values. I suggest (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. added 2018-07-13
    Epistemic Logic, Monotonicity, and the Halbach–Welch Rapprochement Strategy.Kyle Banick - forthcoming - Studia Logica:1-25.
    Predicate approaches to modality have been a topic of increased interest in recent intensional logic. Halbach and Welch :71–100, 2009) have proposed a new formal technique to reduce the necessity predicate to an operator, demonstrating that predicate and operator methods are ultimately compatible. This article concerns the question of whether Halbach and Welch’s approach can provide a uniform formal treatment for intensionality. I show that the monotonicity constraint in Halbach and Welch’s proof for necessity fails for almost all possible-worlds theories (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. added 2018-07-13
    Présentation. L'empirisme rationaliste de Durkheim et Mauss.Jules Salomone (ed.) - 2017 - Paris: PUF.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 2024