1760 found
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  1. added 2019-08-24
    Quantum Sidelights on The Material Theory of Induction.John Earman - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  2. added 2019-08-24
    Creative Writing Programmes and Patronage.Suman Gupta - forthcoming - British Journal of Educational Studies:1-16.
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  3. added 2019-08-24
    Epistemological Field and Constellation of Fact in Wittgenstein’s and Popper’s Philosophy.Mark Goncharenko - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-20.
    In this article, a comparative analysis of Karl Popper’s falsifiability theory and Ludwig Wittgenstein’s theory of meaning in the context of the historical-philosophical approach to the problem of new knowledge formation and justification is undertaken. An assumption is made that the constellation of fact is connected with the possibility of the emergence of an epistemological field. Researchers have repeatedly addressed this issue; however, one important detail received no due attention: Popper’s counter-arguments regarding Wittgenstein’s view on semantic paradoxes show the fundamental (...)
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  4. added 2019-08-24
    Probing Novelty at the LHC: Heuristic Appraisal of Disruptive Experimentation.Sophie Ritson - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
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  5. added 2019-08-24
    Comment on ‘The Aestivation Hypothesis for Resolving Fermi’s Paradox’.Charles H. Bennett, Robin Hanson & C. Jess Riedel - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:1-10.
    In their article, ‘That is not dead which can eternal lie: the aestivation hypothesis for resolving Fermi’s paradox’, Sandberg et al. try to explain the Fermi paradox by claiming that Landauer’s principle implies that a civilization can in principle perform far more times more) irreversible logical operations if it conserves its resources until the distant future when the cosmic background temperature is very low. So perhaps aliens are out there, but quietly waiting. Sandberg et al. implicitly assume, however, that computer-generated (...)
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  6. added 2019-08-24
    Displacing the Productionist Paradigm: A Comment on Paul Thompson's Spirit of the Soil, 2nd Edition.Clark Wolf - forthcoming - Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-8.
    ABSTRACTPaul Thompson's book The Spirit of the Soil first appeared in 1995, and has been re-issued in a new edition in 2017. This comment on the new edition addresses Thompson's argument concerning...
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  7. added 2019-08-24
    The Hole Argument, Take N.John Dougherty - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:1-18.
    I apply homotopy type theory to the hole argument as formulated by Earman and Norton. I argue that HoTT gives a precise sense in which diffeomorphism-related Lorentzian manifolds represent the same spacetime, undermining Earman and Norton’s verificationist dilemma and common formulations of the hole argument. However, adopting this account does not alleviate worries about determinism: general relativity formulated on Lorentzian manifolds is indeterministic using this standard of sameness and the natural formalization of determinism in HoTT. Fixing this indeterminism results in (...)
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  8. added 2019-08-24
    Scientific Discovery and Its Rationality: Michael Polanyi’s Epistemological Exposition.Mikhael Dua - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-12.
    Scientific discovery is an important moment in scientific pursuit, but only a few philosophers of science appreciate this moment as a logical issue. Starting from his understanding that all thought contains components of which we are subsidiarily aware in focal content of thinking, Michael Polanyi puts out his thesis that scientific discovery cannot be justified by a series of strictly explicit operations but by merely invoking deeper forms of commitment in sighting the problem and the vision of reality. This article (...)
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  9. added 2019-08-24
    Scientific Understanding, Fictional Understanding, and Scientific Progress.Seungbae Park - forthcoming - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie.
    The epistemic account and the noetic account hold that the essence of scientific progress is the increase in knowledge and understanding, respectively. Dellsén (2018) criticizes the epistemic account (Park, 2017a) and defends the noetic account (Dellsén, 2016). I argue that Dellsén’s criticisms against the epistemic account fail, and that his notion of understanding, which he claims requires neither belief nor justification, cannot explain scientific progress, although it can explain fictional progress in science-fiction.
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  10. added 2019-08-24
    BioEssays 8∕2019.Bérénice A. Benayoun & Changhan Lee - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (9):1970091.
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  11. added 2019-08-24
    Expectation Gates Neural Facilitation of Emotional Words in Early Visual Areas.Sophie M. Trauer, Matthias M. Müller & Sonja A. Kotz - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
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  12. added 2019-08-24
    The Postwar American Scientific Instrument Industry.Sean F. Johnston - 2007 - In Workshop on postwar American high tech industry, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, 21-22 June 2007.
    The production of scientific instruments in America was neither a postwar phenomenon nor dramatically different from that of several other developed countries. It did, however, undergo a step-change in direction, size and style during and after the war. The American scientific instrument industry after 1945 was intimately dependent on, and shaped by, prior American and European experience. This was true of the specific genres of instrument produced commercially; to links between industry and science; and, just as importantly, to manufacturing practices (...)
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  13. added 2019-08-23
    On the Reconciliation Between Infinity and Zero - Another 'Theory of Everything' Based on Nothing?Louis Taylor - manuscript
    Is there room enough in all creation for an 'Empty Universe Theory'? How should we view the realm in which we exist? Are the natures of matter and energy, their compositions and relationships with each other the fundamental key to the understanding of everything or is it something else? A thought on the true nature of the realm we really inhabit with some basic mathematical description of the relationship between the finite and the absolute as we are capable of understanding (...)
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  14. added 2019-08-23
    Review Essay of Spaulding's “How We Understand Others: Philosophy and Social Cognition". [REVIEW]Evan Westra - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    In How We Understand Others: Philosophy and Social Cognition, Shannon Spaulding develops a novel account of social cognition with pessimistic implications for mindreading accuracy: according to Spaulding, mistakes in mentalizing are much more common than traditional theories of mindreading commonly assume. In this commentary, I push against Spaulding’s pessimism from two directions. First, I argue that a number of the heuristic mindreading strategies that Spaulding views as especially error prone might be quite reliable in practice. Second, I argue that current (...)
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  15. added 2019-08-23
    An Argumentative Tool for Facilitating Critical Evaluation.S. Nazli Can & Deniz Saribas - forthcoming - Science & Education.
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  16. added 2019-08-23
    Awake Reactivation of Prior Experiences Consolidates Memories and Biases Cognition.Arielle Tambini & Lila Davachi - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  17. added 2019-08-23
    Between Hope and Despair: Teacher Education in the Age of Trump.Carolyne Ali-Khan & John Wesley White - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-9.
    We are teacher educators trying to recalibrate to the world of Trump. As we search to find our new bearings, we recognize that the markers of meaning that we relied on (such as civility and...
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  18. added 2019-08-23
    Essay in Formal Biology.Nikolay Milkov - forthcoming - In Newton da Costa & Shyam Wuppuluri (eds.), Wittgensteinian (adj.): Looking at the World from the Viewpoint of Wittgenstein's Philosophy. Berlin: Springer.
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  19. added 2019-08-23
    Overpopulation and Procreative Liberty.Greg Bognar - forthcoming - Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-12.
    ABSTRACTA few decades ago, there was a lively debate on the problem of overpopulation. Various proposals to limit population growth and to control fertility were made and debated both in academia a...
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  20. added 2019-08-23
    Viral Detection: Past, Present, and Future.Konstantina Katsarou, Eirini Bardani, Paraskevi Kallemi & Kriton Kalantidis - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  21. added 2019-08-23
    Model Landscapes and Event Signatures in Elementary Particle Physics.Peter Mättig & Michael Stöltzner - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
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  22. added 2019-08-23
    Calibration, Coherence, and Consilience in Radiometric Measures of Geologic Time.Alisa Bokulich - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    In 2012 the Geological Time Scale, which sets the temporal framework for studying the timing and tempo of all major geological, biological, and climatic events in Earth's history, had one-quarter of all its boundaries moved in a prima facie puzzling, widespread revision of radiometric dates. In this paper I show how recent work in the philosophy of metrology can help us understand this episode, and in turn how a careful consideration of this case elucidates the distinct, but related, notions of (...)
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  23. added 2019-08-23
    Altered Functional Connectivity in Patients With Sloping Sensorineural Hearing Loss.Tomasz Wolak, Katarzyna Cieśla, Agnieszka Pluta, Elżbieta Włodarczyk, Bharat Biswal & Henryk Skarżyński - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
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  24. added 2019-08-23
    The Bio-Evolutionary Anthropocene Hypothesis: Rethinking the Role of Human-Induced Novel Organisms in Evolution.Catarina Lira & Pablo Pena Rodrigues - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (3):141-150.
    Anthropogenic changes in the biosphere, driven mainly by human cultural habits and technological advances, are altering the direction of evolution on Earth, with ongoing and permanent changes modifying uncountable interactions between organisms, the environment, and humankind itself. While numerous species may go extinct, others will be favored due to strong human influences. The Bio-Evolutionary Anthropocene hypothesizes that directly or indirectly human-driven organisms, including alien species, hybrids, and genetically modified organisms, will have major roles in the evolution of life on Earth, (...)
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  25. added 2019-08-23
    Design and Implementation of Microcontroller Based Photoacoustic Spectrometer and Tis Applications.Sapna Shukla - 2019 - International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET) 10 (1):1-10.
    A compact microcontroller based photoacoustic spectrometer (PAS) has been designed and fabricated. The photoacoustic (PA) cell designed for the present study is of Helmholtz resonator type with a provision to measure the sample behavior as a function of temperature. In this system, an electret microphone is employed to achieve high signal to noise ratio. The microphone compartment is isolated from the sample compartment to avoid the heating effect to the electric microphone which detects the photoacoustic signal. A high-gain low-noise two (...)
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  26. added 2019-08-23
    Wittgenstein on Cantor's Proof.Chrysoula Gitsoulis - 2018 - In Gabriele M. Mras, Paul Weingartner & Bernhard Ritter (eds.), Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics, Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, Vol. XXVI, 41th International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria. De Gruyter. pp. 67-69.
    Cantor’s proof that the reals are uncountable forms a central pillar in the edifices of higher order recursion theory and set theory. It also has important applications in model theory, and in the foundations of topology and analysis. Due partly to these factors, and to the simplicity and elegance of the proof, it has come to be accepted as part of the ABC’s of mathematics. But even if as an Archimedean point it supports tomes of mathematical theory, there is a (...)
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  27. added 2019-08-22
    Les singularités comme limites ontologiques de la relativité générale.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    Les singularités de la relativité générale résultant de la résolution des équations d'Einstein ont été et font encore l'objet de nombreux débats scientifiques : existe-t-il des singularités dans l'espace-temps ou pas ? Big Bang a été une singularité initiale ? Si les singularités existent, quelle est leur ontologie ? La théorie générale de la relativité est-elle une théorie qui a montré ses limites dans ce cas ? Dans cet essai, je soutiens qu'il existe des singularités et que la théorie de (...)
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  28. added 2019-08-22
    Algebraic Description of Limit Models in Classes of Abelian Groups.Marcos Mazari-Armida - forthcoming - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic:102723.
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  29. added 2019-08-22
    Anti-Scientism, Technoscience and Philosophy of Technology: Wittgenstein and Lyotard.Michael A. Peters - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-8.
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  30. added 2019-08-22
    Resolution Over Linear Equations Modulo Two.Dmitry Itsykson & Dmitry Sokolov - forthcoming - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic:102722.
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  31. added 2019-08-22
    Prominent Inhibitory Projections Guide Sensorimotor Computation: An Invertebrate Perspective.Samantha Hughes & Tansu Celikel - forthcoming - Bioessays:1900088.
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  32. added 2019-08-22
    The Relationship Between Anomalistic Belief, Misperception of Chance and the Base Rate Fallacy.Toby Prike, Michelle M. Arnold & Paul Williamson - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-28.
    A poor understanding of probability may lead people to misinterpret every day coincidences and form anomalistic beliefs. We investigated the relationship between anomalis...
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  33. added 2019-08-22
    MIT Und in Seiner Umwelt Geboren“„Being Born with and in its Environment.Julia Gruevska - forthcoming - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin.
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  34. added 2019-08-22
    Smells Like Team Spirit: A Response to Comments on The Spirit of the Soil.Paul B. Thompson - forthcoming - Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-8.
    ABSTRACTThe Spirit of the Soil was updated for its 2nd edition in 2017. Three comments on the update are addressed here. First, productionism was not intended as a explanation of farm management de...
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  35. added 2019-08-22
    Reply to a Comment on “Quantum Theory and the Limits of Objectivity”.Richard Healey - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:1-4.
    In this short note I reply to criticisms of an argument in my paper that appear in comment. Baumann et al. raise one “main criticism” then go on to claim that the argument of Healey contains a series of problems. But their “main criticism” is not an objection to the argument and the problems are of their own making.
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  36. added 2019-08-22
    Exponential Constructible Functions in P-Minimal Structures.Saskia Chambille, Pablo Cubides Kovacsics & Eva Leenknegt - forthcoming - Journal of Mathematical Logic.
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  37. added 2019-08-22
    Computable Aspects of the Bachmann-Howard Principle.Anton Freund - forthcoming - Journal of Mathematical Logic.
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  38. added 2019-08-22
    Large Cardinals Beyond Choice.Joan Bagaria, Peter Koellner & W. Hugh Woodin - forthcoming - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic:1-57.
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  39. added 2019-08-22
    The Practice of Naturalness: A Historical-Philosophical Perspective.Arianna Borrelli & Elena Castellani - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:1-19.
    No evidence of “new physics” was found so far by LHC experiments, and this situation has led some voices in the physics community to call for the abandonment of the “naturalness” criterion, while other scientists have felt the need to break a lance in its defense by claiming that, at least in some sense, it has already led to successes and therefore should not be dismissed too quickly, but rather only reflected or reshaped to fit new needs. In our paper (...)
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  40. added 2019-08-22
    The Transparency of Experience and the Neuroscience of Attention.Assaf Weksler, Hilla Jacobson & Zohar Z. Bronfman - forthcoming - Synthese.
    According to the thesis of transparency, subjects can attend only to the representational content of perceptual experience, never to the intrinsic properties of experience that carry this representational content, i.e., to “mental paint.” So far, arguments for and against transparency were conducted from the armchair, relying mainly on introspective observations. In this paper, we argue in favor of transparency, relying on the cognitive neuroscience of attention. We present a trilemma to those who hold that attention can be directed to mental (...)
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  41. added 2019-08-22
    Philosophical Problems: An Introductory Text in Philosophy.Shannon B. Proctor - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (3):318-321.
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  42. added 2019-08-22
    Species and Other Evolving Lineages as Feedback Systems.Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Memorably in Nature, Jerry Coyne likened recalcitrant debates between species experts to barnacles on a whale, saying they “retard slightly the progress of the field”. However, experts have been happy to agree on at least this: species are evolving lineages. The importance of that putative fact, and of agreement about it, have been emphasized for over twenty years. Recent review works reaffirm both. But this lends some urgency to the unhappy fact that the exact nature of the implicated evolving lineages (...)
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  43. added 2019-08-22
    The New Critical Thinking: An Empirically Informed Introduction.Todd M. Furman - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (3):307-310.
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  44. added 2019-08-22
    Another Plan for Negation.Nissim Francez - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Logic 16 (5):159.
    The paper presents a plan for negation, proposing a paradigm shift from the Australian plan for negation, leading to a family of contra-classical logics. The two main ideas are the following: Instead of shifting points of evaluation, shift the evaluated formula. Introduce an incompatibility set for every atomic formula, extended to any compound formula, and impose the condition on valuations that a formula evaluates to true iff all the formulas in its incompatibility set evaluate to false. Thus, atomic sentences are (...)
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  45. added 2019-08-22
    Teaching Moral Philosophy Through Literature Circles.Tricia Van Dyk - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (3):265-278.
    How do you effectively teach moral philosophy to classes of twenty to thirty-five students who come from diverse national, ethnic, religious, linguistic, and educational backgrounds, and most of whom have little or no interest in philosophy? In seeking ways to create a course that is relevant, practical, and engaging, I hit upon the idea of adapting literature circles to the study of moral philosophies. In this paper, I contextualize the need for an approach that promotes individual student responsibility within a (...)
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  46. added 2019-08-22
    Classification of Strategies for Dealing with Student Relativism and the Epistemic Conceptual Change Strategy.Jonas Pfister - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (3):221-246.
    Student relativism is a widespread phenomenon in introductory philosophy courses. It is a pressing issue for teachers because it seems to undermine the very purpose of philosophy. Since the 1980s there is a debate about how to understand and how to deal with student relativism. However, there is as yet no comprehensive presentation of the debate. The first aim of the article is to offer a classification of the strategies for dealing with student relativism and a presentation and short assessment (...)
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  47. added 2019-08-22
    The Essential Leviathan: A Modernized Edition.Deborah Boyle - 2019 - Teaching Philosophy 42 (3):300-304.
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  48. added 2019-08-22
    Castes and Trees: Tracing the Link Between European and Mexican Representations of Human Taxonomy.Erica Torrens & Ana Barahona - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Twenty-two years after Charles Darwin began to think of character divergence from a common ancestor in his Notebook B, the now famous and iconic branching diagram appeared in the fourth chapter of On the Origin of Species.
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  49. added 2019-08-22
    Species in the Age of Discordance.Matthew H. Haber - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    When I was a graduate student, the entomologist Phil Ward posed the following question in a seminar on species and phylogenetics: “Are the branches of phylogenetic trees too thin?” This question struck me then, and it has continued to resonate as I think about contemporary phylogenetics. Ward was pressing us to think about what, if anything, was lost in the way we idealize phylogenetic relationships and ignore the internal structure of those lineages. Though the term ‘genealogical discordance’ had not quite (...)
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  50. added 2019-08-22
    Diagnosing Discordance: Signal in Data, Conflict in Paradigms.Aleta Quinn - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Sterner and Lidgard urge that philosophers of phylogenetics move beyond the “systematics wars”, referring to the 1960s–80s debates between numerical taxonomists, evolutionary taxonomists, and phylogenetic systematists. Indeed, philosophers would do well to move beyond those wars, and to focus even more recently than the parsimony versus likelihood debates of the 1980s–90s. In this paper I use integrated historical-philosophical analysis of those debates to clarify a contemporary dispute between proponents of coalescence-based methods and proponents of concatenation. My intent is to illuminate (...)
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