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  1. Como Atribuir Consciência aos Animais.Victor Machado Barcellos - 2022 - Dissertation, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
    Os debates sobre a existência da consciência em animais não humanos vêm ganhando cada vez mais destaque nos círculos científicos e filosóficos ao redor do mundo. Um importante empecilho que a área atualmente enfrenta diz respeito à construção de um método confiável capaz de identificar se um determinado animal não humano possui estados mentais conscientes. A literatura nomeia essa questão de “o problema da mensuração da consciência animal”. A presente dissertação possui como objetivo analisar e responder esse problema através da (...)
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  2. Curved Sixth Fingers: Flexible Representation of the Shape of Supernumerary Body Parts.Denise Cadete, Adrian J. T. Alsmith & Matthew R. Longo - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 105:103413.
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  3. Assessing Tests of Animal Consciousness.Leonard Dung - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 105:103410.
    Which animals have conscious experiences? Many different, diverse and unrelated behaviors and cognitive capacities have been proposed as tests of the presence of consciousness in an animal. It is unclear which of these tests, if any, are valid. To remedy this problem, I develop a list consisting of eight desiderata which can be used to assess putative tests of animal consciousness. These desiderata are based either on detailed analogies between consciousness-linked human behavior and non-human behavior, on theories of consciousness or (...)
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  4. Unconsciously Registered Items Reduce Working Memory Capacity.Amy U. Barton, Fernando Valle-Inclán, Nelson Cowan & Steven A. Hackley - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 105:103399.
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  5. Structural Qualia: A Solution to the Hard Problem of Consciousness.Kristjan Loorits - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  6. Depressive Traits Are Associated with a Reduced Effect of Choice on Intentional Binding.N. J. Scott, M. Ghanem, B. Beck & A. K. Martin - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 105:103412.
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  7. Mindsponge Theory.Quan-Hoang Vuong - 2022 - Hanoi, Vietnam: AISDL.
    As humans, we use the power of thinking to make scientific discoveries, develop technologies, manage social interactions, and transmit knowledge to the next generations. With the ability to think, we can trace back and discover the origin of the universe, the natural world, and ourselves. The content of this book, Mindsponge Theory, is part of that discovery process.
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  8. “Look at the Future”: Maintained Fixation Impoverishes Future Thinking.Joanna Gautier, Lina Guerrero Sastoque, Guillaume Chapelet, Claire Boutoleau-Bretonnière & Mohamad El Haj - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 105:103398.
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  9. The Functional Contributions of Consciousness.Dylan Ludwig - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 104:103383.
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  10. Against the Explanatory Argument for Enactivism.Leonard Dung - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (7-8):57-68.
    Sensorimotor enactivism is the view that the content and the sensory modality of perceptual experience are determined by implicit knowledge of lawful regularities between bodily movements and patterns of sensory stimulation. A proponent of the explanatory argument for sensorimotor enactivism holds that this view is able to provide an intelligible explanation for why certain material realizers give rise to certain perceptual experiences, while rival accounts cannot close this “explanatory gap”. However, I argue that the notion of the “material realizer” of (...)
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  11. The Clear and Not so Clear Signatures of Perceptual Reality in the Bayesian Brain.Ophelia Deroy & Sofiia Rappe - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 103:103379.
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  12. Midwifing a Science of Consciousness: The Role of Kuhnian Paradigms: Kuhnian Paradigms and Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Susan Pockett - 2022 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 1 (1).
    It is argued that in terms of Thomas Kuhn's analysis of how different fields of science develop and progress, consciousness research is still in the pre-paradigm or pre-science phase that precedes the advent of any universally accepted paradigm. A means by which this long-standing situation may be escaped is here suggested. This is to treat each of the three distinct theoretical positions that presently drive experimental research on the nature of consciousness as mini-paradigms and then apply the same logic that (...)
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  13. Are Observer Memories (Accurate) Memories? Insights From Experimental Philosophy.Vilius Dranseika, Christopher Jude McCarroll & Kourken Michaelian - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 96:103240.
    A striking feature of our memories of the personal past is that they involve different visual perspectives: one sometimes recalls past events from one’s original point of view (a field perspective), but one sometimes recalls them from an external point of view (an observer perspective). In philosophy, observer memories are often seen as being less than fully genuine and as being necessarily false or distorted. This paper looks at whether laypeople share the standard philosophical view by applying the methods of (...)
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  14. [SK] Od patetiky k etike. Spinozova teória ľudskej slobody [From Pathetics to Ethics. Spinoza's Theory of Human Freedom].Michaela Petrufova Joppova - 2022 - Prešov, Slovensko: Atény nad Torysou.
    The monograph offers an original account of Spinoza’s philosophy and ethics concentrated on its concordance with selected modern neuroscientific theories. The book proceeds through the whole of Spinoza’s philosophy and by increasingly complex analytical account acquaints with its essential frameworks, terminology, and concepts, and is thus accessible also to readers who are not yet familiar with the thought of this peculiar thinker. The fundamental motives of this interpretation are the nature of the mind and the questions of human freedom and (...)
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  15. Sense of Agency During and Following Recovery From Anorexia Nervosa.Manja M. Engel, Vivien Ainley, Manos Tsakiris, H. Chris Dijkerman & Anouk Keizer - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 103:103369.
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  16. When Seeing is Not Believing: A Mechanistic Basis for Predictive Divergence.Chiara Caporuscio, Sascha Benjamin Fink, Philipp Sterzer & Joshua M. Martin - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 102:103334.
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  17. Sleep Well, Mind Wander Less: A Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Sleep Outcomes and Spontaneous Cognition.Ana Lucía Cárdenas-Egúsquiza & Dorthe Berntsen - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 102:103333.
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  18. REMARKS ON UNIVERSALITY, INDIVIDUALITY, MEANING AND A SCIENCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS.Lucian Delescu - 2020 - Studii Franciscane 20:275-293.
    Concerns regarding the possibility of a phenomenological science of consciousness emerged almost from its inception. Naturalism was quick to attack phenomenology. Philosophers such as Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, and others have too argued that a phenomenological science of consciousness can succeed if repositioning classical phenomenology from an existentialist perspective. One way to close this debate is to revisit several key classical phenomenological concepts. In this paper I depart from the premise that it is possible to have a phenomenological science of consciousness (...)
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  19. Eye Gaze Direction Modulates Nonconscious Affective Contextual Effect.Yujie Chen, Qian Xu, Chenxuan Fan, Ying Wang & Yi Jiang - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 102:103336.
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  20. Self in Mind. A Pluralist Account of Self-Consciousness.Raphaël Millière - 2020 - Dissertation,
    This thesis investigates the relationship between consciousness and self-consciousness. I consider two broad claims about this relationship: a constitutive claim, according to which all conscious experiences constitutively involve self-consciousness; and a typicalist claim, according to which ordinary conscious experiences contingently involve self-consciousness. Both of these claims call for elucidation of the relevant notions of consciousness and self-consciousness. -/- In the first part of the thesis ('The Myth of Constitutive Self-Consciousness'), I critically examine the constitutive claim. I start by offering an (...)
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  21. Douglas Hofstadter's Gödelian Philosophy of Mind.Theodor Nenu - 2022 - Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness 10 (1):1-26.
    Hofstadter [1979, 2007] offered a novel Gödelian proposal which purported to reconcile the apparently contradictory theses that (1) we can talk, in a non-trivial way, of mental causation being a real phenomenon and that (2) mental activity is ultimately grounded in low-level rule-governed neural processes. In this paper, we critically investigate Hofstadter’s analogical appeals to Gödel’s [1931] First Incompleteness Theorem, whose “diagonal” proof supposedly contains the key ideas required for understanding both consciousness and mental causation. We maintain that bringing sophisticated (...)
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  22. Anil Seth, Being You. A New Science of Consciousness.Magdalena Reuter - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2):549-553.
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  23. Freedom From What? Separating Lay Concepts of Freedom.Claire Simmons, Paul Rehren, John-Dylan Haynes & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 101:103318.
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  24. Schema-Related Eye Movements Support Episodic Simulation.Jordana S. Wynn, Ruben D. I. Van Genugten, Signy Sheldon & Daniel L. Schacter - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 100:103302.
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  25. On the Relation Between Mind Wandering, PTSD Symptomology, and Self-Control.Nicholaus P. Brosowsky, Alyssa C. Smith, Dan Smilek & Paul Seli - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 99:103288.
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  26. Augmenting Perception: How Artificial Intelligence Transforms Sensory Substitution.Louis Longin & Ophelia Deroy - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 99:103280.
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  27. A Tale of Two Architectures.Majid D. Beni - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 98:103257.
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  28. The Self and its Internal Thought: In Search for a Psychological Baseline.Andrea Scalabrini, Adriano Schimmenti, Michelangelo De Amicis, Piero Porcelli, Francesco Benedetti, Clara Mucci & Georg Northoff - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 97:103244.
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  29. The Philosophy of Westworld.Paul Skokowski - 2021 - In Cybermedia: New Approaches to Sound, Music and Media. New York, NY, USA: pp. 207-222.
    What exactly does an android experience? Could an android have experiences as rich as humans, or are there limits? The Westworld T V series (Jonathan Noland, 2016- ) offers the opportunity to explore philosophical questions related to human and android experiences through its depiction of a fictional Wild West theme park with androids playing the main characters. Among the most fascinating scenes in the Westworld TV series are the interviews between the android characters Bernard Lowe and Dolores Abernathy. These interviews (...)
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  30. Subject and Object: The Principle of Distinction and Inseparability.Bhakti Madhava Puri - 2010 - The Harmonizer.
    One of the most important instances of distinct but inseparable entities is that of subject and object. When we carefully think about them, we realize that one term implies the other. In other words, a subject cannot possibly exist without a corresponding object otherwise we would never be able to talk about “subject.” In a similar way, an object can only be called an object because it is in relation to a subject. All opposites will in fact exhibit this same (...)
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  31. SCIENCE AND SCIENTIST - A Comprehensive Worldview.Bhakti Madhava Puri - 2009 - Darwin Under Siege.
    The Western world has led the development of material science for over 200 years. But they have reached an impasse in confronting the problem of consciousness. Scientific knowledge requires a scientist, but regarding knowledge concerning the scientist, they must remain silent. India has always emphasized knowledge of the conscious self or atma. Vedanta-sutra begins with the aphorism “athatho brahma jijnasa” – now, therefore, inquire about brahma (pure consciousness). Even in the West, the Greek philosopher Socrates stated, “Above all else know (...)
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  32. The Integral Cosmology of Sri Aurobindo: An Introduction.Marco Masi - manuscript
    In the contemporary philosophy of mind and consciousness studies, views such as panpsychism or theories of universal consciousness (most notably I. Shani’s cosmopsychism and B. Kastrup’s cosmoidealism), have enjoyed a recent renaissance of metaphysical speculations in Western philosophy. Its similarities with Eastern philosophical traditions went not unnoticed. However, the potential contribution that the evolutionary cosmology of the Indian poet, mystic and philosopher Sri Aurobindo can offer to these ontologies, remains largely unknown or unexplored. Consciousness, mind, life, matter and evolution are (...)
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  33. The Problem of Interspecies Welfare Comparisons (Preprint).Heather Browning - manuscript
    One of the biggest problems in applications of animal welfare science is our ability to make comparisons between different individuals, particularly different species. Although welfare science provides methods for measuring the welfare of individual animals, there’s no established method for comparing measures between individuals. This problem occurs because of the underdetermination of the conclusions given the data, arising from two sources of variation that we cannot distinguish – variation in the underlying target variable (welfare experience) and in the relationship of (...)
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  34. The Integrated Information Theory Facing the Hard Problem of Consciousness.Wael Basille - 2020 - Dissertation, Sorbonne Université
    The Integrated Information Theory (IIT) formulated for the first time in 2004 by the neuroscientist Giulio Tononi, is a theoretical framework aiming to scientifically explain phenomenal consciousness. The IIT is presented in the first part of this work. Broadly speaking, integrated information is an abstract quantitative measure of the causal power a system has on itself. The main claim of IIT is the identity between informational structures and experience. The nature of this identity will be the subject of the second (...)
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  35. The Problem of Artificial Qualia.Wael Basille - 2021 - Dissertation, Sorbonne Université
    Is it possible to build a conscious machine, an artifact that has qualitative experiences such as feeling pain, seeing the redness of a flower or enjoying the taste of coffee ? What makes such experiences conscious is their phenomenal character: it is like something to have such experiences. In contemporary philosophy of mind, the question of the qualitative aspect of conscious experiences is often addressed in terms of qualia. In a pre-theoretical and intuitive sense, qualia refer to the phenomenal character (...)
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  36. How Can We Know Whether Fish Feel Pain? Epistemology of the Scientific Study of Fish Sentience.Victor Duran-Le Peuch - 2021 - Dissertation,
    I start by defining sentience and giving an analysis of the epistemological problems that plague its scientific study; this consists mainly in justifying that the attribution of sentience is underdetermined by the data. Second I show that as a result of this situation of underdetermination, most of the types of arguments used to infer sentience from the data are inconclusive and lead to a stalemate. Third, I argue that the stalemates arise from a foundationalist epistemology which needlessly leads to skeptical (...)
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  37. An Evidence-Based Critical Review of The Mind-Brain Identity Theory.Marco Masi - manuscript
    In the philosophy of mind, the causal relationship between phenomenal consciousness, mentation and brain states has always been a matter of debate. On the one hand, material monism posits consciousness and mind as pure brain-epiphenomena. One of its most stringent lines of reasoning relies on the premise that because a cerebral impairment, or its anatomical and biochemical modification, leads to a cognitive impairment and/or altered states of consciousness, there is no reason to doubt the mind-brain identity. On the other hand, (...)
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  38. Learning to Appreciate the Gray Areas: A Critical Notice of Anil Gupta’s “Conscious Experience”. [REVIEW]Eric Hochstein - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50:801-813.
    Anil Gupta’s Conscious Experience: A Logical Inquiry provides an impressive and novel account of rational justification based on conscious experience which is used as a foundation for a new theory of empiricism. In this critical notice, I argue that Gupta’s project is fascinating, but is often hampered by a lack of sufficient philosophical justification and clarity regarding some essential features of his project, as well as a lack of engagement with relevant scientific domains that would directly bear on it, such (...)
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  39. Filled/Non-Filled Pairs: An Empirical Challenge to the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness.Amber R. Hopkins & Kelvin J. McQueen - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 97:103245.
    Perceptual filling-in for vision is the insertion of visual properties (e.g., color, contour, luminance, or motion) into one’s visual field, when those properties have no corresponding retinal input. This paper introduces and provides preliminary empirical support for filled/non-filled pairs, pairs of images that appear identical, yet differ by amount of filling-in. It is argued that such image pairs are important to the experimental testing of theories of consciousness. We review recent experimental research and conclude that filling-in involves brain activity with (...)
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  40. Galileo's Error: Foundations for a New Science of Consciousness.David Lindeman - 2021 - Philosophical Quarterly 72 (1):251-254.
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  41. The Scientific Study of Passive Thinking: Methods of Mind Wandering Research.Samuel Murray, Zachary C. Irving & Kristina Krasich - 2022 - In Felipe De Brigard & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (eds.), Neuroscience and Philosophy. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 389-426.
    The science of mind wandering has rapidly expanded over the past 20 years. During this boom, mind wandering researchers have relied on self-report methods, where participants rate whether their minds were wandering. This is not an historical quirk. Rather, we argue that self-report is indispensable for researchers who study passive phenomena like mind wandering. We consider purportedly “objective” methods that measure mind wandering with eye tracking and machine learning. These measures are validated in terms of how well they predict self-reports, (...)
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  42. Daniel Dennett.David Thompson - 2009 - London and New York, NY, USA: Continuum/Bloomsbury.
  43. Electronic Persons?Louis Caruana - 2020 - Gregorianum 101 (3):593-614.
    To describe computers and sophisticated robots, many people today have no problem using personal attributes. Alan Turing published his famous intelligence test in 1950. From that time onwards, computers have gained increasingly higher status in this regard. Computers and robots nowadays are not only intelligent. They perceive, they remember, they understand, they decide, they play and so on. Recently, another such step has occurred but, this time, many researchers are seriously concerned. In February 2017, the European Parliament passed a Resolution (...)
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  44. Bayes, Predictive Processing, and the Cognitive Architecture of Motor Control.Daniel C. Burnston - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 96:103218.
    Despite their popularity, relatively scant attention has been paid to the upshot of Bayesian and predictive processing models of cognition for views of overall cognitive architecture. Many of these models are hierarchical ; they posit generative models at multiple distinct "levels," whose job is to predict the consequences of sensory input at lower levels. I articulate one possible position that could be implied by these models, namely, that there is a continuous hierarchy of perception, cognition, and action control comprising levels (...)
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  45. Physical Load Reduces Synchrony Effects on Agency and Ownership in the Virtual Hand Illusion.Jue Qu, Yingbing Sun, Liping Yang, Bernhard Hommel & Ke Ma - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 96:103227.
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  46. A Long Time Ago in a Galaxy Far, Far Away: How Temporal Are Episodic Contents?Johannes B. Mahr, Joshua D. Greene & Daniel L. Schacter - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 96:103224.
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  47. The Free Will and Punishment Scale: Efficient Measurement and Predictive Validity Across Diverse and Nationally Representative Adult Samples.Adam Feltz, Edward Cokely & Braden Tanner - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 95:103215.
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  48. Reasoning About Conscious Experience with Axiomatic and Graphical Mathematics.Camilo Miguel Signorelli, Quanlong Wang & Bob Coecke - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 95:103168.
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  49. Affective Experience and Evidence for Animal Consciousness.Patrick Butlin - 2020 - Philosophical Topics 48 (1):109-127.
    Affective experience in nonhuman animals is of great interest for both theoretical and practical reasons. This paper highlights research by the psychologists Anthony Dickinson and Bernard Balleine which provides particularly good evidence of conscious affective experience in rats. This evidence is compelling because it implicates a sophisticated system for goal-directed action selection, and demonstrates a contrast between apparently conscious and unconscious evaluative representations with similar content. Meanwhile, the evidence provided by some well-known studies on pain in nonhuman animals is much (...)
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  50. Global Workspace Theory and Animal Consciousness.Jonathan Birch - 2020 - Philosophical Topics 48 (1):21-37.
    Peter Carruthers has recently argued for a surprising conditional: if a global workspace theory of phenomenal consciousness is both correct and fully reductive, then there are no substantive facts to discover about phenomenal consciousness in nonhuman animals. I present two problems for this conditional. First, it rests on an odd double-standard about the ordinary concept of phenomenal consciousness: its intuitive non-gradability is taken to be unchallengeable by future scientific developments, whereas its intuitive determinacy is predicted to fall by the wayside. (...)
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