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Science of Perception

Assistant editor: Charles Bakker (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. Temporal Binding, Causation and Agency: Developing a New Theoretical Framework.Christoph Hoerl, Sara Lorimer, Teresa McCormack, David A. Lagnado, Emma Blakey, Emma C. Tecwyn & Marc J. Buehner - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (e12843):1-27.
    In temporal binding, the temporal interval between one event and another, occurring some time later, is subjectively compressed. We discuss two ways in which temporal binding has been conceptualized. In studies showing temporal binding between a voluntary action and its causal consequences, such binding is typically interpreted as providing a measure of an implicit or pre-reflective “sense of agency”. However, temporal binding has also been observed in contexts not involving voluntary action, but only the passive observation of a cause-effect sequence. (...)
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  2. Is Iconic Memory Iconic?Jake Quilty‐Dunn - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Short‐term memory in vision is typically thought to divide into at least two memory stores: a short, fragile, high‐capacity store known as iconic memory, and a longer, durable, capacity‐limited store known as visual working memory (VWM). This paper argues that iconic memory stores icons, i.e., image‐like perceptual representations. The iconicity of iconic memory has significant consequences for understanding consciousness, nonconceptual content, and the perception–cognition border. Steven Gross and Jonathan Flombaum have recently challenged the division between iconic memory and VWM by (...)
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  3. Multisensory Perception as an Associative Learning Process.Kevin Connolly - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:1095.
    Suppose that you are at a live jazz show. The drummer begins a solo. You see the cymbal jolt and you hear the clang. But in addition seeing the cymbal jolt and hearing the clang, you are also aware that the jolt and the clang are part of the same event. Casey O’Callaghan (forthcoming) calls this awareness “intermodal feature binding awareness.” Psychologists have long assumed that multimodal perceptions such as this one are the result of a subpersonal feature binding mechanism (...)
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  4. Perceptual Learning: The Flexibility of the Senses.Kevin Connolly - 2019 - OUP USA.
    Experts from wine tasters to radiologists to bird watchers have all undergone perceptual learning-long-term changes in perception that result from practice or experience. Philosophers have been discussing such cases for centuries, from the 14th-century Indian philosopher Vedanta Desika to the 18th-century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid, and into contemporary times. -/- This book uses recent evidence from psychology and neuroscience to show that perceptual learning is genuinely perceptual, rather than post-perceptual. It also offers a taxonomy for classifying cases in the philosophical (...)
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  5. Unconscious Perception Reconsidered.Ian Phillips - 2018 - Analytic Philosophy 4 (59):471-514.
    Most contemporary theorists regard the traditional thesis that perception is essentially conscious as just another armchair edict to be abandoned in the wake of empirical discovery. Here I reconsider this dramatic departure from tradition. My aim is not to recapture our prelapsarian confidence that perception is inevitably conscious (though much I say might be recruited to that cause). Instead, I want to problematize the now ubiquitous belief in unconscious perception. The paper divides into two parts. Part One is more purely (...)
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  6. Transitivity of Visual Sameness.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2020 - Synthese 197 (6):2695-2719.
    The way in which vision represents objects as being the same despite movement and qualitative changes has been extensively investigated in contemporary psychology. However, the formal properties of the visual sameness relation are still unclear, for example, whether it is an identity-like, equivalence relation. The paper concerns one aspect of this problem: the transitivity of visual sameness. Results obtained by using different experimental paradigms are analysed, in particular studies using streaming/bouncing stimuli, multiple object tracking experiments and investigations concerning object-specific preview (...)
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  7. Being Hungry Affects Oral Size Perception.Parker Crutchfield - 2018 - I-Perception 9 (3).
    Oral size perception is not veridical, and there is disagreement on whether this non-veridicality tends to underestimate or overestimate size. Further, being hungry has been shown to affect oral size perception. In the present study, we investigated the effect of hunger on oral size perception. Overall, being hungry had a small but significant effect on oral size perception and seemed to support that oral size perception tends to underestimate the size of objects. Both hungry and sated participants tended to underestimate (...)
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  8. Experience and Content: Consequences of a Continuum Theory.W. Martin Davies - 1993 - Dissertation,
    This thesis is about experiential content: what it is; what kind of account can be given of it. I am concerned with identifying and attacking one main view - I call it the inferentialist proposal. This account is central to the philosophy of mind, epistemology and philosophy of science and perception. I claim, however, that it needs to be recast into something far more subtle and enriched, and I attempt to provide a better alternative in these pages. The inferentialist proposal (...)
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  9. The Senses.Keith A. Wilson & Fiona Macpherson - 2018 - Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    Philosophers and scientists have studied sensory perception and, in particular, vision for many years. Increasingly, however, they have become interested in the nonvisual senses in greater detail and the problem of individuating the senses in a more general way. The Aristotelian view is that there are only five external senses—smell, taste, hearing, touch, and vision. This has, by many counts, been extended to include internal senses, such as balance, proprioception, and kinesthesis; pain; and potentially other human and nonhuman senses. This (...)
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  10. Spatial Perception: The Perspectival Aspect of Perception.E. J. Green & Susanna Schellenberg - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (2):e12472.
    When we perceive an object, we perceive the object from a perspective. As a consequence of the perspectival nature of perception, when we perceive, say, a circular coin from different angles, there is a respect in which the coin looks circular throughout, but also a respect in which the coin's appearance changes. More generally, perception of shape and size properties has both a constant aspect—an aspect that remains stable across changes in perspective—and a perspectival aspect—an aspect that changes depending on (...)
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  11. Visual Reference and Iconic Content.Santiago Echeverri - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (4):761-781.
    Evidence from cognitive science supports the claim that humans and other animals see the world as divided into objects. Although this claim is widely accepted, it remains unclear whether the mechanisms of visual reference have representational content or are directly instantiated in the functional architecture. I put forward a version of the former approach that construes object files as icons for objects. This view is consistent with the evidence that motivates the architectural account, can respond to the key arguments against (...)
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  12. Functional Representation of Vision Within the Mind: A Visual Consciousness Model Based in 3D Default Space.Jerath Ravinder, Molly W. Crawford & Vernon A. Barnes - 2015 - Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas 9:45-56.
    The human eyes and brain, which have finite boundaries, create a ‘‘virtual’’ space within our central nervous system that interprets and perceives a space that appears boundless and infinite. Using insights from studies on the visual system, we propose a novel fast processing mechanism involving the eyes, visual pathways, and cortex where external vision is imperceptibly processed in our brain in real time creating an internal representation of external space that appears as an external view. We introduce the existence of (...)
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  13. The Psychology of Perception: A Philosophical Examination of Gestalt Theory and Derivative Theories of Perception.John F. A. Taylor - 1958 - Journal of Philosophy 55 (2):77-81.
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  14. Visual Analogy: Consciousness as the Art of Connecting.Paul Bartha - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (4):580-584.
  15. Do Synesthetic Colors Grab Attention in Visual Search?Berit Brogaard, Kristian Marlow & Kevin Rice - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (4):701-714.
    Recent research on synesthesia has focused on how the condition may depend on selective attention, but there is a lack of consensus on whether selective attention is required to bind colors to their grapheme inducers. In the present study, we used a novel change detection paradigm to examine whether synesthetic colors guide the subject’s attention to the location of the inducer or whether selective attention is required to act as a unique feature during visual search. If synesthetic experiences are elicited (...)
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  16. Perceptual Global Processing and Hierarchically Organized Affordances – the Lack of Interaction Between Vision-for-Perception and Vision-for-Action.Edward Nęcka & Piotr Styrkowiec - 2012 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 43 (3):151-166.
    In visual information processing, two kinds of vision are distinguished: vision-for-perception related to the conscious identifi cation of objects, and vision-for-action that deals with visual control of movements. Neuroscience suggests that these two functions are performed by two separate brain neural systems - the ventral and dorsal pathways. Two experiments using behavioural measures were conducted with the objective of exploring any potential interaction between these two functions of vision. The aim was to combine in one task methods allowing for the (...)
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  17. The Innocent Eye: Why Vision is Not a Cognitive Process.Jonny Lee - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (7):1074-1076.
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  18. Seeing and Windows of Integration.Ned Block - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):29-39.
  19. Review of Bence Nanay-Aesthetics as Philosophy of Perception. [REVIEW]Dustin Stokes - 2016 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 8:00.
  20. Seeing Music Performance: Visual Influences on Perception and Experience.William Forde Thompson, Phil Graham & Frank A. Russo - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (156):203-227.
    Drawing from ethnographic, empirical, and historical / cultural perspectives, we examine the extent to which visual aspects of music contribute to the communication that takes place between performers and their listeners. First, we introduce a framework for understanding how media and genres shape aural and visual experiences of music. Second, we present case studies of two performances, and describe the relation between visual and aural aspects of performance. Third, we report empirical evidence that visual aspects of performance reliably influence perceptions (...)
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  21. Visual Mechanisms. Biological Symposia, Vol. 7. Heinrich Klüver.Charles A. Kofoid - 1943 - Isis 34 (6):527-528.
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  22. Operationism and the Concept of Perception.Wendell R. Garner, Harold W. Hake & Charles W. Eriksen - 1956 - Psychological Review 63 (3):149-159.
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  23. A Biological View of Perception.Thaddeus L. Bolton - 1902 - Psychological Review 9 (6):537-548.
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  24. A Note on Visual Latency.Mathew Alpern - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (3):260-264.
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  25. Gibson's Inspired but Latent Prelude to Visual Motion Perception.Randolph Blake - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (2):324-328.
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  26. Towards a Better Understanding of Parallel Visual Processing in Human Vision: Evidence for Exhaustive Analysis of Visual Information.Simona Buetti, Deborah A. Cronin, Anna M. Madison, Zhiyuan Wang & Alejandro Lleras - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (6):672-707.
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  27. Freezing Promotes Perception of Coarse Visual Features.Maria Lojowska, Thomas E. Gladwin, Erno J. Hermans & Karin Roelofs - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1080-1088.
  28. Is the Binding of Visual Features in Working Memory Resource-Demanding?Richard J. Allen, Alan D. Baddeley & Graham J. Hitch - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (2):298-313.
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  29. Comment on "Competition for Consciousness Among Visual Events: The Psychophysics of Reentrant Visual Processes".Gregory Francis & Frouke Hermens - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (4):590-593.
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  30. Visual Experience, Visual Field Size, and the Development of Nonvisual Sensitivity to the Spatial Structure of Outdoor Neighborhoods Explored by Walking.John J. Rieser, Everett W. Hill, Charles R. Talor, Anna Bradfield & Sandra Rosen - 1992 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 121 (2):210-221.
  31. Social Vision: Functional Forecasting and the Integration of Compound Social Cues.Reginald B. Adams & Kestutis Kveraga - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):591-610.
    For decades the study of social perception was largely compartmentalized by type of social cue: race, gender, emotion, eye gaze, body language, facial expression etc. This was partly due to good scientific practice, and partly due to assumptions that each type of social cue was functionally distinct from others. Herein, we present a functional forecast approach to understanding compound social cue processing that emphasizes the importance of shared social affordances across various cues. We review the traditional theories of emotion and (...)
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  32. Cognitive Penetrability of Perception in the Age of Prediction: Predictive Systems Are Penetrable Systems.Gary Lupyan - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):547-569.
    The goal of perceptual systems is to allow organisms to adaptively respond to ecologically relevant stimuli. Because all perceptual inputs are ambiguous, perception needs to rely on prior knowledge accumulated over evolutionary and developmental time to turn sensory energy into information useful for guiding behavior. It remains controversial whether the guidance of perception extends to cognitive states or is locked up in a “cognitively impenetrable” part of perception. I argue that expectations, knowledge, and task demands can shape perception at multiple (...)
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  33. Reply to Macpherson: Further Illustrations of the Cognitive Penetrability of Perception.Gary Lupyan - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (4):585-589.
    My reply to Macpherson begins by addressing whether it is effects of cognition on early vision or perceptual performance that I am interested in. I proceed to address Macpherson’s comments on evidence from cross-modal effects, interpretations of linguistic effects on image detection, evidence from illusions, and the usefulness of predictive coding for understanding cognitive penetration. By stressing the interactive and distributed nature of neural processing, I am committing to a collapse between perception and cognition. Following such a collapse, the very (...)
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  34. Perceptual Surface Reconstruction.Jens Månsson - unknown
    How does the brain transform the 2-D light arrays in our eyes into a meaningful 3-D description of surfaces around us? What assumptions does the visual system make about the world when information is incomplete? And how are these assumptions computationally expressed in this perceptual reconstruction process? These questions, and other aspects of binocular depth perception are analysed from a theoretical and computational perspective, as well as through empirical investigations. In paper one, the fundamentals of stereopsis are briefly reviewed, and (...)
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  35. The Oxford Handbook of Perceptual Organization.Johan Wagemans (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Perceptual organization comprises a wide range of processes such as perceptual grouping, figure-ground organization, filling-in, completion, and perceptual switching. The Oxford Handbook of Perceptual Organization provides a broad and extensive review of the current literature, written in an accessible form for scholars and students.
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  36. What Can the Mind Tell Us About the Brain? Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint.Gary Hatfield - 2009 - In Perception and Cognition: Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology. Clarendon Press. pp. 434-55.
    This chapter examines the relations between psychology and neuroscience. There is a strong philosophical intuition that direct study of the brain can and will constrain the development of psychological theory. When this intuition is tested against case studies from the psychology of perception and memory, it turns out that psychology has led the way toward knowledge of neurophysiology. The chapter presents an abstract argument to show that psychology can and must lead the way in neuroscientific study of mental function. The (...)
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  37. Visual Rhetoric and Oppositional Consciousness: Poster Art in Cuba and the United States.Lisa M. Corrigan - 2014 - Intertexts 18 (1):71-91.
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  38. Visual Analogies and Arguments.Ian Dove & Marcello Guarini - unknown
    I argue that a basic similarity analysis of analogical reasoning handles many apparent cases of visual analogy. I consider how the visual and verbal elements interact in analogical cases. Finally, I offer two analyses of visual elements. One analysis is evidential. The visual elements are evidence for their ver-bal counterparts. One is non-evidential: the visual elements link to verbal elements without providing evi-dence for those elements. The result is to make more room for the logical analysis of visual argumentation.
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  39. Sensibility and Criticism: A Study of the Interrelation of Verbal Acts and Visual Acts.Marcus B. Hester - 1983 - Upa.
    To find out more information about Rowman & Littlefield titles please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  40. Visual Aesthetics.J. J. de Lucio-Meyer - 1973
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  41. Computational Theories of Vision and the Problem of Explanation in Neuroscience.John Francis Symons - 2002 - Dissertation, Boston University
    This dissertation begins with an analysis of the recent history of the cognitive neuroscience of vision. This analysis is intended to test the basic assumptions of computational functionalism. Functionalists have argued that since psychological properties can be realized by a variety of structures, those structures are irrelevant to a proper characterization of their properties. By considering applications of functionalist methodology in cognitive science, I argue that functionalist models of mental life can be faulted for being either too minimal, or for (...)
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  42. Visual Physiological Psychology and the Improvement of Psychophysical Generalizations.Ruth Allison Ryan - 1975 - Dissertation, The Rockefeller University
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  43. Of Two Minds About Two Visual Systems.Oliver Turnbull - 1999 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 5.
    Milner and Goodale's work stands squarely at the centre of the debate on 'two cortical visual systems', and is often seen as offering a reinterpretation of the classic Ungerleider and Mishkin account of visual specialisation. Several 'problems' with this original account are presented, including reviewing the work in the context of the history of human neuropsychology. However, is argued that Milner and Goodale's reinterpretation offers much that is advantagous to our understanding of extra-striate cortical specialisation. In particular, the possible role (...)
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  44. Looking and Seeing with the Mind’s I, and its Brain A Review of Visual Attention and Cortical Circuits by Braun, J., Koch, C. And Davis, J.L. [REVIEW]Tony Dickinson - 2003 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 9.
    Contributions to this edited volume argue for the existence of top-down, context- and task-dependant modulating mechanisms of attention occurring in the mammalian brain. Such positions support the view that areas of the brain traditionally thought to be involved in relatively 'late' stages of visual processing activity can, and do affect the response properties of 'early' visual processing neurons, including primary visual cortex . Neural circuitries concerned with the processing of visual information should now be viewed less as involving unidirectional mappings (...)
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  45. In the Eye's Mind: Vision and the Helmholtz-Hering Controversy by R. Steven Turner. [REVIEW]Gary Hatfield - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):664-665.
    Review of: R. Steven Turner, In the Eye's Mind: Vision and the Helmholtz-Hering Controversy. xiv + 338 pp., frontis., illus., figs., tables, bibl., index. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1994.
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  46. The Complexity of the Tragicomic Vision: Ethical Implications.S. Ronald H. Mckinney - 2006 - Philosophy Today 50 (2):213-222.
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  47. Motion and Motion's God. [REVIEW]S. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (2):349-350.
    This book examines the theme of the proof of God's existence from motion, as formulated by Aristotle, Cicero, Newton and Hegel. The author has an explicit methodology which he explains in the Introduction: to carry out philosophical semantics--not philosophical inquiry as such--by tracing this theme and disclosing its variations in respect to the four "coordinates" of philosophical semantics: selection of a domain for inquiry; interpretation of what is real and a basis for truth; method, or the model for connection of (...)
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  48. Misperception, Illusion and Epistemological Optimism: Vision Studies in Early Nineteenth-Century Britain and Germany.Jutta Schickore - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (3):383-405.
    This article compares investigations of the process of vision that were made in early nineteenth-century Britain and the German lands. It is argued that vision studies differed significantly east and west of the North Sea. Most of the German investigators had a medical background and many of them had a firm grasp of contemporary philosophy. In contrast, the British studies on vision emerged from the context of optics. This difference manifested itself in the conceptual tools for the analysis of vision, (...)
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  49. The Innocent Eye: Why Vision is Not a Cognitive Process.Nico Orlandi - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    Why does the world look to us as it does? As Nico Orlandi argues, it is simply because of how the world is. This answer emerges from understanding vision as situated in a structured environment, and it contrasts with the view that visual perception involves an inference.
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  50. Perceptual Fluency and Judgments of Vocal Aesthetics and Stereotypicality.Molly Babel & Grant McGuire - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (4):766-787.
    Research has shown that processing dynamics on the perceiver's end determine aesthetic pleasure. Specifically, typical objects, which are processed more fluently, are perceived as more attractive. We extend this notion of perceptual fluency to judgments of vocal aesthetics. Vocal attractiveness has traditionally been examined with respect to sexual dimorphism and the apparent size of a talker, as reconstructed from the acoustic signal, despite evidence that gender-specific speech patterns are learned social behaviors. In this study, we report on a series of (...)
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