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  1. Internal and External Pictures.Catharine Abell & Gregory Currie - 1999 - Philosophical Psychology 12 (4):429-445.
    What do pictures and mental images have in common? The contemporary tendency to reject mental picture theories of imagery suggests that the answer is: not much. We show that pictures and visual imagery have something important in common. They both contribute to mental simulations: pictures as inputs and mental images as outputs. But we reject the idea that mental images involve mental pictures, and we use simulation theory to strengthen the anti-pictorialist's case. Along the way we try to account for (...)
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  2. Semantic and Subword Elements of Unconscious Priming: Commentary on Kouider and Dupoux (2007)☆.R. AbRams & J. Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):957-958.
  3. Unconscious Semantic Priming in the Absence of Partial Awareness☆.R. AbRams & J. Grinspan - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):942-953.
    In a recent paper in Psychological Science, Kouider and Dupoux reported obtaining unconscious Stroop priming only when subjects had partial awareness of the masked distractor words . Kouider and Dupoux conjectured that semantic priming occurs only when such partial awareness is present. The present experiments tested this conjecture in an affective categorization priming task that differed from Kouider and Dupoux’s in using masked distractors that subjects had practiced earlier as visible words. Experiment 1 showed priming from practiced words when subjects (...)
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  4. Does Visual-Field Specialization Really Have Implications for Coordinated Visual-Motor Behavior?Richard A. Abrams - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):542-543.
  5. Altered Vision Near the Hands.Richard A. Abrams, Christopher C. Davoli, Feng Du, William H. Knapp & Daniel Paull - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1035-1047.
  6. Unconscious Processing of Multiple Nonadjacent Letters in Visually Masked Words.Richard L. Abrams - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):585-601.
    The claim that visually masked, unidentifiable words are analyzed at the level of whole word meaning has been challenged by recent findings indicating that instead, analysis occurs mainly at the subword level. The present experiments examined possible limits on subword analysis. Experiment 1 obtained semantic priming from pleasant- and unpleasant-meaning subliminal words in which no individual letter contained diagnostic information about a word’s evaluative valence; thus analysis must operate on information more complex than that contained in individual letters. Experiments 2 (...)
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  7. An Evaluation of the Activationist Hypothesis of Human Vigilance.Jack A. Adams & Lawrence R. Boulter - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (5):495.
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  8. More Than Mere Coloring: The Art of Spectral Vision.Kathleen A. Akins & John Lamping - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):26-27.
  9. Individual Differences in Metacontrast Masking Are Enhanced by Perceptual Learning.Thorsten Albrecht, Susan Klapötke & Uwe Mattler - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):656-666.
    In vision research metacontrast masking is a widely used technique to reduce the visibility of a stimulus. Typically, studies attempt to reveal general principles that apply to a large majority of participants and tend to omit possible individual differences. The neural plasticity of the visual system, however, entails the potential capability for individual differences in the way observers perform perceptual tasks. We report a case of perceptual learning in a metacontrast masking task that leads to the enhancement of two types (...)
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  10. Individual Differences in Metacontrast Masking: A Call for Caution When Interpreting Group Data☆.Thorsten Albrecht & Uwe Mattler - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):672-673.
    In this issue of Consciousness and Cognition, Bachmann comments on our study , which revealed two groups of observers with qualitative individual differences in metacontrast masking that are enhanced by perceptual learning. We are pleased that our study receives this attention and even more about Bachmann’s extremely positive comments. In this invited reply we argue that observers seem to be similar only at the beginning of the experiment but they have no choice as to which group to join. Findings strongly (...)
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  11. Analysis of Information for 3-D Motion Perception: The Role of Eye Movements.George J. Andersen - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):311.
  12. Stereovision: Beyond Disparity Computations.Barton L. Anderson - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (6):214-222.
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  13. The Wheels Keep Turning.Timothy J. Andrews, Dale Purves, William A. Simpson & Rufin VanRullen - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (12):560-561.
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  14. Influences of Visibility, Intentions, and Probability in a Peripheral Cuing Task.U. Ansorge - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):528-545.
    According to the concept of direct parameter specification, nonconsciously registered information can be processed to the extent that it matches currently active intentions of a person. This prediction was tested and confirmed in the current study. Masked visual information provided by peripheral cues led to reaction time effects only if the information specified one of the required responses . Information delivered by the same masked cues that did not match the intentions was not used. However, the same information influenced RT (...)
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  15. The Motion Aftereffect.Stuart Anstis, Frans A. J. Verstraten & George Mather - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):111-117.
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  16. Eye-Hand Dominance and Manual Responses to Visual Motion.B. E. Arnold-Schulz-Gahmen, A. Ehrenstein & W. H. Ehrenstein - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 138-139.
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  17. Visual Discrimination of Rectangular Areas Illuminated by Varying Degrees of Achromatic Light.G. F. Arps - 1917 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 2 (1):41-62.
  18. Keeping Postdiction Simple.Valtteri Arstila - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:205-216.
    abstract Postdiction effects are phenomena in which a stimulus influences the appearance of events taking place before it. In metacontrast masking, for instance, a masking stimulus can ren- der a target stimulus shown before the mask invisible. This and other postdiction effects have been considered incompatible with a simple explanation according to which (i) our perceptual experiences are delayed for only the time it takes for a distal stimulus to reach our sensory receptors and for our neural mechanisms to process (...)
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  19. Spatial Brain Coherence During the Establishment of a Conscious Event.Bernard J. Baars - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (1):1-2.
  20. When Are Images Conscious? The Curious Disconnection Between Imagery and Consciousness in the Scientific Literature.Bernard J. Baars - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (3):261-264.
  21. Perceptual Acceleration of Objects in Stream: Evidence From Flash-Lag Displays.T. Bachmann - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):279-297.
    An object in continuous motion is perceived ahead of the briefly flashed object, although the two images are physically aligned , the phenomenon called flash-lag effect. Flash-lag effects have been found also with other continuously changing features such as color, pattern entropy, and brightness as well as with streamed pre- and post-target input without any change of the feature values of streaming items in feature space . We interpret all instances of the flash-lag as a consequence of a more fundamental (...)
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  22. Individual Differences in Metacontrast: An Impetus for Clearly Specified New Research Objectives in Studying Masking and Perceptual Awareness?☆.Talis Bachmann - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):667-671.
    While the majority of perceptual phenomena based research on consciousness is implicitly nomothetic, some idiographic perspective can be sometimes highly valuable for it. It may turn out that after having had a closer look at individual differences in the expression of psychometric functions a need to revise some nomothetic laws considered as the general ones arises as well. A study of individual differences in metacontrast masking published in this issue superbly illustrates this. A myriad of urgent research objectives emerges out (...)
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  23. Role of Perceptive Expectations and Structural Visual Flow on Motion Sickness.H. Barras, B. Baumberger & M. Flückiger - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 144-144.
  24. Subjective Flicker Rate with Relation to Critical Flicker Frequency.S. H. Bartley - 1938 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (4):388.
  25. The Neural Determination of Critical Flicker Frequency.S. H. Bartley - 1937 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (6):678.
  26. Temporal Factors Influencing the Perception of Visual Flicker.W. S. Battersby & R. Jaffe - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (3):154.
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  27. Moral Blindness.Bernard H. Baumrin - 1986 - Metaphilosophy 17 (4):205-213.
  28. The Empirical Basis of Color Perception.R. Beau Lotto - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):609-629.
    Rationalizing the perceptual effects of spectral stimuli has been a major challenge in vision science for at least the last 200 years. Here we review evidence that this otherwise puzzling body of phenomenology is generated by an empirical strategy of perception in which the color an observer sees is entirely determined by the probability distribution of the possible sources of the stimulus. The rationale for this strategy in color vision, as in other visual perceptual domains, is the inherent ambiguity of (...)
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  29. Flicker-Induced Color and Form: Interdependencies and Relation to Stimulation Frequency and Phase.C. BeCker & M. Elliott - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):175-196.
    Our understanding of human visual perception generally rests on the assumption that conscious visual states represent the interaction of spatial structures in the environment and our nervous system. This assumption is questioned by circumstances where conscious visual states can be triggered by external stimulation which is not primarily spatially defined. Here, subjective colors and forms are evoked by flickering light while the precise nature of those experiences varies over flicker frequency and phase. What’s more, the occurrence of one subjective experience (...)
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  30. How Chromatic Phenomenality Largely Overflow its Cognitive Accessibility.John Beeckmans - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):917-928.
    It has been suggested that the core neural bases for visual phenomenal consciousness and for access consciousness are located in anatomically separate regions. If this is correct, and if, as Block suggests, the core neural substrate of visual phenomenality is located early in the visual cortex where detailed chromatic information is available, then it would be reasonable to infer that our intuitions of chromatically rich visual phenomenality are plausible. It is furthermore suggested that during perception cognitive access to this chromatic (...)
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  31. The Accuracy of Binocular V Monocular Vision. A Note on Apparatus.C. E. W. Bellingham - 1926 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):301 – 302.
  32. Varieties of Visual Perspectives.David Bennett - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (3):329-352.
    One often hears it said that our visual-perceptual contact with the world is “perspectival.” But this can mean quite different things. Three different senses in which our visual contact with the world is “perspectival” are distinguished. The first involves the detection or representation of behaviorally important relations, holding between a perceiving subject and the world. These include time to contact, body-scaled size, egocentric position, and direction of heading. The second perspective becomes at least explicitly manifest in taking up the “proximal (...)
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  33. Things and Places: How the Mind Connects with the World, by Zenon Pylyshyn. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2007. Pp. Xiv + 255. H/B £25.95, $34.00. [REVIEW]John Bishop - unknown
    A new book by Zenon Pylyshyn is always a cause for celebration among philosophers of psychology. While many hard-nosed experimental cognitive scientists are attentive to philosophers’ concerns, Pylyshyn stands alone in the extraordinary efforts he takes to understand, address, and struggle with the philosophical puzzles that the mind, and perception in particular, raises. Pylyshyn’s most recent work, Things and Places: How the Mind Connects with the World, does not disappoint. It is philosophically rich. Indeed, the approach to object perception that (...)
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  34. Binocular Rivalry and Stereopsis Revisited.Randolph Blake - 2012 - In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press.
  35. The Merely Verbal Problem of Consciousness.Ned Block - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (6):270.
  36. Estimating Chromatic Contrast Thresholds From the Transient Visual Evoked Potential.M. Boon & C. M. Suttle - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 58-58.
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  37. Cortical Integration: Possible Solutions to the Binding and Linking Problems in Perception, Reasoning and Long Term Memory.Nick Bostrom - manuscript
    The problem of cortical integration is described and various proposed solutions, including grandmother cells, cell assemblies, feed-forward structures, RAAM and synchronization, are reviewed. One method, involving complex attractors, that has received little attention in the literature, is explained and developed. I call this binding through annexation. A simulation study is then presented which suggests ways in which complex attractors could underlie our capacity to reason. The paper ends with a discussion of the efficiency and biological plausibility of the proposals as (...)
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  38. Only Stimulus Energy Affects the Detectability of Visual Forms and Objects.Muriel Boucart & Claude Bonnet - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (5):415-417.
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  39. Photons, Clocks, and Consciousness.George C. Brainard & John P. Hanifin - 2005 - Journal of Biological Rhythms 20 (4):314-325.
  40. The Difference Threshold of the Magnitude of Visual Velocity.Bob B. Brandalise & Robert M. Gottsdanker - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (2):83.
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  41. A Comparison of Masking by Visual and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Implications for the Study of Conscious and Unconscious Visual Processing.Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro & Haluk Ogmen - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):829-843.
    Visual stimuli as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used: to suppress the visibility of a target and to recover the visibility of a target that has been suppressed by another mask. Both types of stimulation thus provide useful methods for studying the microgenesis of object perception. We first review evidence of similarities between the processes by which a TMS mask and a visual mask can either suppress the visibility of targets or recover such suppressed visibility. However, we then (...)
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  42. Visual Masking: Time Slices Through Conscious and Unconscious Vision.Bruno Breitmeyer & Haluk Ogmen - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Our visual system can process information at both conscious and unconscious levels. Understanding the factors that control whether a stimulus reaches our awareness, and the fate of those stimuli that remain at an unconscious level, are the major challenges of brain science in the new millennium. Since its publication in 1984, Visual Masking has established itself as a classic text in the field of cognitive psychology. In the years since, there have been considerable advances in the cognitive neurosciences, and a (...)
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  43. On the Role of Imagery in Event-Based Prospective Memory.Gene A. Brewer, Justin Knight, J. Thadeus Meeks & Richard L. Marsh - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):901-907.
    The role of imagery in encoding event-based prospective memories has yet to be fully clarified. Herein, it is argued that imagery augments a cue-to-context association that supports event-based prospective memory performance. By this account, imagery encoding not only improves prospective memory performance but also reduces interference to intention-related information that occurs outside of context. In the current study, when lure words occurred outside of the appropriate responding context, the use of imagery encoding strategies resulted in less interference when compared with (...)
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  44. Color Experience in Blindsight?Berit Brogaard - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (6):767 - 786.
    Blindsight, the ability to blindly discriminate wavelength and other aspects of stimuli in a blind field, sometimes occurs in people with lesions to striate (V1) cortex. There is currently no consensus on whether qualitative color information of the sort that is normally computed by double opponent cells in striate cortex is indeed computed in blindsight but doesn?t reach awareness, perhaps owing to abnormal neuron responsiveness in striate or extra-striate cortical areas, or is not computed at all. The existence of primesight, (...)
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  45. Visual Perception: Physiology, Psychology, and Ecology.Vicki Bruce & Patrick Green - 1985 - Lawerence Erlbaum.
  46. Differential Effects of a Visual Illusion on Online Visual Guidance in a Stable Environment and Online Adjustments to Perturbations.Simone R. Caljouw, John van der Kamp, Moniek Lijster & Geert J. P. Savelsbergh - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1135-1143.
    In the reported, experiment participants hit a ball to aim at the vertex of a Müller–Lyer configuration. This configuration either remained stable, changed its shaft length or the orientation of the tails during movement execution. A significant illusion bias was observed in all perturbation conditions, but not in the stationary condition. The illusion bias emerged for perturbations shortly after movement onset and for perturbations during execution, the latter of which allowed only a minimum of time for making adjustments . These (...)
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  47. Psychophysical Discrimination of Spatial Structure in Natural Images.P. Carlin & R. Watt - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 43-44.
    We report a series of experiments in which subjects were required to make spatial discriminations about naturally obtained images, as follows. Subjects were shown two natural images on a computer screen, side by side and for a period of 500 ms. Subjects were then shown, on a separate part of the computer screen, a small patch of one of the images selected at random. Subjects were required to decide which of the two full images the patch comes from, and whereabouts (...)
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  48. Monocular and Binocular Intensity Thresholds for Fields Containing 1-7 Dots.Roland C. Casperson & Harold Schlosberg - 1950 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (1):81.
  49. Temporal Course of Pre-Saccadic Allocation of Attention.É Castet, S. Jeanjean, G. S. Masson & D. Laugier - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 16-16.
  50. Seeing and Retinal Stability: On a Sensorimotor Argument for the Necessity of Eye Movement for Sight.Dan Cavedon-Taylor - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (2):263 - 266.
    Sensorimotor theorists of perception have argued that eye movement is a necessary condition for seeing on the basis that subjects whose retinal images do not move undergo a form of blindness. I show that the argument does not work.
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