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  1. added 2020-04-28
    Between Cassirer and Kuhn. Some Remarks on Friedman’s Relativized a Priori.Massimo Ferrari - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):18-26.
  2. added 2020-02-11
    The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Pierre Duhem, P. P. Wiener.Martin J. Klein - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (4):354-355.
  3. added 2019-06-06
    Gestalt Switches in Poincaré׳s Prize Paper: An Inspiration for, but Not an Instance of, Chaos.Lena Christine Zuchowski - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 47:1-14.
    I analyse in detail the construction of asymptotic surfaces in Sections 16–19 of Poincaré, also known as the prize paper. There are two prime reasons for doing so. Firstly, this part of the prize paper contains an interesting argumentative strategy, which I call Poincaré׳s gestalt switch. Secondly, it has been claimed that the prize paper contains one of the first descriptions of chaotic motion. I will argue that the latter claim is false, although both the gestalt switches and the graphical (...)
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  4. added 2019-06-06
    Jeremy Gray, Henri Poincaré: A Scientific Biography. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2013. Pp. Xiii+592. ISBN 978-0-691-15271-4. £24.95. [REVIEW]Klaus Hentschel - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Science 46 (4):725-726.
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    Global Justice and Practice‐Dependence: Conventionalism, Institutionalism, Functionalism.Laura Valentini - 2011 - Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (4):399-418.
  6. added 2019-06-06
    Pierre Duhem’s Epistemic Aims and the Intellectual Virtue of Humility: A Reply to Ivanova.Ian James Kidd - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):185-189.
    David Stump has recently argued that Pierre Duhem can be interpreted as a virtue epistemologist. Stump’s claims have been challenged by Milena Ivanova on the grounds that Duhem’s ‘epistemic aims’ are more modest than those of virtue epistemologists. I challenge Ivanova’s criticism of Stump by arguing that she not distinguish between ‘reliabilist’ and ‘responsibilist’ virtue epistemologies. Once this distinction is drawn, Duhem clearly emerges as a ‘virtue-responsibilist’ in a way that complements Ivanova’s positive proposal that Duhem’s ‘good sense’ reflects a (...)
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  7. added 2019-06-06
    Realism, Conventionalism, and Causal Decomposition in Units of Selection: Reflections on Samir Okasha’s Evolution and the Levels of Selection.Elliott Sober - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (1):221-231.
    I discuss two subjects in Samir Okasha’s excellent book, Evolution and the Levels of Selection. In consonance with Okasha’s critique of the conventionalist view of the units of selection problem, I argue that conventionalists have not attended to what realists mean by group, individual, and genic selection. In connection with Okasha’s discussion of the Price equation and contextual analysis, I discuss whether the existence of these two quantitative frameworks is a challenge to realism.
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  8. added 2019-06-06
    Conventionalism In Reid’s ‘Geometry Of Visibles’.Edward Slowik - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (3):467-489.
    The subject of this investigation is the role of conventions in the formulation of Thomas Reid’s theory of the geometry of vision, which he calls the ‘geometry of visibles’. In particular, we will examine the work of N. Daniels and R. Angell who have alleged that, respectively, Reid’s ‘geometry of visibles’ and the geometry of the visual field are non-Euclidean. As will be demonstrated, however, the construction of any geometry of vision is subject to a choice of conventions regarding the (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-06
    Poincaré’s Philosophy: From Conventionalism to Phenomenology. [REVIEW]Emily Carson - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):579-582.
    This is a book of wide-ranging scope, as the title suggests. First, it canvasses a broad selection of topics—from electromagnetism and quantum mechanics to Husserl’s phenomological constitution of logic, from Russell and Wittgenstein to Hartry Field. Second, its aims are broad. The author describes the book both as a “rational reconstruction of Poincaré’s position” and as a “treatise on modern epistemology”. The former description is somewhat misleading in that, together with Zahar’s stated aim of both “clarifying and of then reconciling (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    Legal Conventionalism in the U.S. Constitutional Law of Privacy*: Mark Tushnet.Mark Tushnet - 2000 - Social Philosophy and Policy 17 (2):141-164.
    Drawing on themes important in moral and political philosophy, much of the scholarship on the constitutional law of privacy in the United States distinguishes between privacy understood as a person's control over information and privacy understood as a person's ability to make autonomous decisions. For example, Katz v. United States established the framework for analyzing whether police activity constituted a “search” subject to the Fourth Amendment's requirement that the police either obtain a warrant before conducting a search or otherwise act (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-06
    Henri Poincaré and Bruno de Finetti: Conventions and Scientific Reasoning.B. S. Gower - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4):657-679.
    In his account of probable reasoning, Poincaré used the concept, or at least the language, of conventions. In particular, he claimed that the prior probabilities essential for inverse probable reasoning are determined conventionally. This paper investigates, in the light of Poincaré's well known claim about the conventionality of metric geometry, what this could mean, and how it is related to other views about the determination of prior probabilities. Particular attention is paid to the similarities and differences between Poincaré's conventionalism as (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Geometric Conventionalism and Carnap's Principle of Tolerance: We Discuss in This Paper the Question of the Scope of the Principle of Tolerance About Languages Promoted in Carnap's The Logical Syntax of Language and the Nature of the Analogy Between It and the Rudimentary Conventionalism Purportedly Exhibited in the Work of Poincaré and Hilbert. We Take It More or Less for Granted That Poincaré and Hilbert Do Argue for Conventionalism. We Begin by Sketching Coffa's Historical Account, Which Suggests That Tolerance Be Interpreted as a Conventionalism That Allows Us Complete Freedom to Select Whatever Language We Wish—an Interpretation That Generalizes the Conventionalism Promoted by Poincaré and Hilbert Which Allows Us Complete Freedom to Select Whatever Axiom System We Wish for Geometry. We Argue That Such an Interpretation Saddles Carnap with a Theory of Meaning That has Unhappy Consequences, a Theory We Believe He Did Not Hold. We Suggest That the Principle of Linguistic Tolerance In.David De Vidi & Graham Solomon - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (5):773-783.
    We discuss in this paper the question of the scope of the principle of tolerance about languages promoted in Carnap's The Logical Syntax of Language and the nature of the analogy between it and the rudimentary conventionalism purportedly exhibited in the work of Poincaré and Hilbert. We take it more or less for granted that Poincaré and Hilbert do argue for conventionalism. We begin by sketching Coffa's historical account, which suggests that tolerance be interpreted as a conventionalism that allows us (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Geometrical and Physical Conventionalism of Henri Poincaré in Epistemological Formulation.Jerzy Giedymin - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1):1-22.
  14. added 2019-06-06
    Conventionalism, the Pluralist Conception of Theories and the Nature of Interpretation.Jerzy Giedymin - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (3):423-443.
  15. added 2019-06-06
    Stanley L. Jaki. Uneasy Genius: The Life and Work of Pierre Duhem. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1985. Pp. Xii + 472. ISBN 90-247-2897-5. Dfl. 175.00; £44.50. [REVIEW]Donald Miller - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1):110-111.
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    Atomism, Poincaré and Planck.H. Krips - 1986 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 17 (1):43.
  17. added 2019-06-06
    Jerzy Giedymin: Science and Convention: Essays on Henri Poincaré's Philosophy of Science and the Conventionalist Tradition. [REVIEW]Clive William Kilmister - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (4):396-398.
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    Poincaré's Retention of Euclid on Apparently Adverse Parallactic Findings: A Reply to A. Grünbaum.F. P. O'Gorman - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (4):319.
  19. added 2019-06-06
    The Scientific World-Perspective and Other Essays, 1931-1963. [REVIEW]M. Z. J. - 1978 - Review of Metaphysics 31 (4):662-663.
    This book contains twenty-two papers by K. Ajdukiewicz, an outline of his memoir and philosophical evolution by J. Giedymin, and a bibliography of Ajdukiewicz’s works compiled by T. Czezowski. In the colorful introductory paper, Giedymin characterizes the personality of the famous Polish philosopher-logician as a person open not only to philosophical investigations but also to contemplation of the beauty contained in music, literature, and nature. The sketch of Ajdukiewicz’s scientific activity presents him as an excellent teacher, open-minded in understanding different (...)
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    A Defense of Conventionalism.Henry E. Kyburg - 1977 - Noûs 11 (2):75-95.
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    Poincaré's Conventionalism of Applied Geometry.F. P. O'Gorman - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (4):303.
  22. added 2019-06-06
    On the Origin and Significance of Poincaré's Conventionalism.Jerzy Giedymin - 1977 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 8 (4):271.
  23. added 2018-12-24
    Feyerabend's Retreat From Realism.John Preston - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):431.
    In attempting to assess the legacy of Paul Feyerabend's philosophical work, matters are complicated by the fact that there was a change in his basic orientation towards the philosophy of science around the end of the 1960s. Here I shall indicate one aspect of Feyerabend's divided legacy. My main aims are to sketch the principal themes in his (fairly extensive but little-known) 1990s output, to situate that later output insofar as it bears on the realism/antirealism debate, and (rather precipitously, perhaps) (...)
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  24. added 2018-06-25
    Poincaré, Philosopher of Science - Problems and Perspectives. [REVIEW]Andre Carli Philot - 2014 - Kairos. Revista de Filosofia and Ciência 10:111-116.
    The book Poincaré, Philosopher of Science – Problems and Perspectives, edited by María de Paz and Robert DiSalle, is the result of various colloquia and conferences organized by the Portuguese project bearing the same name. The project, initiated by University of Lisbon, brought together scholars of many different countries to speak about the three main philosophical facets of Henri Poincaré: as a philosopher of science in general, as a philosopher of mathematics, and as a philosopher of physics.
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  25. added 2017-11-28
    Armchair Philosophy Naturalized.Sebastian Lutz - forthcoming - Synthese 197 (3):1099-1125.
    Carnap suggests that philosophy can be construed as being engaged solely in conceptual engineering. I argue that since many results of the sciences can be construed as stemming from conceptual engineering as well, Carnap’s account of philosophy can be methodologically naturalistic. This is also how he conceived of his account. That the sciences can be construed as relying heavily on conceptual engineering is supported by empirical investigations into scientific methodology, but also by a number of conceptual considerations. I present a (...)
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  26. added 2017-09-16
    Konwencjonalizm a realizm: Poincaré i Duhem wobec statusu poznawczego nauk przyrodniczych.Mateusz Kotowski - 2016 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 99 (3):103-118.
    W pierwszej połowie XX wieku przyjęło się upatrywać w poglądach H. Poincarégo i P. Duhema przykładów antyrealistycznego stanowiska odnośnie do nauki i jej teorii. Etykietka ta przylgnęła do tych autorów tak mocno, że coraz częstszym dzisiaj głosom tych, którzy sprzeciwiają się takiemu szufladkowaniu ich filozofii, trudno jest przebić się do głównego nurtu dyskusji filozoficznych. W artykule wskazuję, że odczytywanie poglądów obu francuskich autorów jako antyrealistycznych nie znajduje potwierdzenia w ich własnych wypowiedziach. Przeciwnie, ich prace dostarczają mocnych świadectw na rzecz upatrywania (...)
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  27. added 2017-07-13
    Scientific Knowledge: Discovery of Nature or Mental Construction?Harry Settanni - 1992 - University Press of America.
    This book defends the constructivist view of science, namely, the view that scientific theories are mental constructions in the mind of the scientist, rather than the realist view that scientific theories are accounts of what nature itself is like. To prove this point, evolution theory is contrasted with "creation science" as two paradigms or extremely divergent theories, each of which, as a mental construct, explains the data or facts of the natural world equally well. Contents: Realism vs. Constructivism; Meaning and (...)
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  28. added 2017-07-03
    A Plea for Non-Naturalism as Constructionism.Luciano Floridi - 2017 - Minds and Machines 27 (2):269-285.
    Contemporary science seems to be caught in a strange predicament. On the one hand, it holds a firm and reasonable commitment to a healthy naturalistic methodology, according to which explanations of natural phenomena should never overstep the limits of the natural itself. On the other hand, contemporary science is also inextricably and now inevitably dependent on ever more complex technologies, especially Information and Communication Technologies, which it exploits as well as fosters. Yet such technologies are increasingly “artificialising” or “denaturalising” the (...)
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  29. added 2017-07-03
    Pierre Duhem and the Inconsistency Between Instrumentalism and Natural Classification.Sonia Maria Dion - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):12-19.
    To consider Pierre Duhem’s conception of natural classification as the aim of physical theory, along with his instrumentalist view on its nature, sets up an inconsistency in his philosophy of science which has not yet been solved. This paper argues that to solve it we have to take Duhem on his own terms and that a solution can only be found by interpreting his philosophy as an articulated system which necessarily involves the following connections: 1. The association of natural classification (...)
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  30. added 2017-06-29
    A priori and the Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]Tatiana Sokolova - 2016 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 49 (3):225-231.
    The new book by Professor David J. Stump explores and develops the theories of the a priori, which are rarely considered in contemporary epistemology and philosophy of science: the theories of pragmatic and functional a priori, proposed in the early XX century by Clarence Irving Lewis and Arthur Pap. The author begins with the analysis of «constitutive elements of science» and Henri Poincare's conventionalism. He consistently and historically examines the approaches towards the theories of the a priori within the philosophy (...)
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  31. added 2017-06-26
    Poincaré’s Impact on Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Science.Yemima Ben-Menahem - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):257-273.
    Poincaré’s conventionalism has thoroughly transformed both the philosophy of science and the philosophy of mathematics. In the former it gave rise to new insights into the complexities of scientific method, in the latter to a new account of the nature of (so-called) necessary truth. Not only proponents of conventionalism, such as the logical positivists, were influenced by Poincaré, but also outspoken critics of conventionalism, such as Quine, Putnam, and (as I will argue) Wittgenstein, were deeply inspired by conventionalist ideas. Indeed, (...)
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  32. added 2017-06-26
    Artificial Language Philosophy of Science.Sebastian Lutz - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (2):181–203.
    Abstract Artificial language philosophy (also called ‘ideal language philosophy’) is the position that philosophical problems are best solved or dissolved through a reform of language. Its underlying methodology—the development of languages for specific purposes—leads to a conventionalist view of language in general and of concepts in particular. I argue that many philosophical practices can be reinterpreted as applications of artificial language philosophy. In addition, many factually occurring interrelations between the sciences and philosophy of science are justified and clarified by the (...)
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  33. added 2017-06-19
    Realism and Antirealism in Social Science.Mario Bunge - 1993 - Theory and Decision 35 (3):207-235.
    Up until recently social scientists took it for granted that their task was to account for the social world as objectively as possible: they were realists in practice if not always in their methodological sermons. This situation started to change in the 1960s, when a number of antirealist philosophies made inroads into social studies. -/- This paper examines critically the following kinds of antirealism: subjectivism, conventionalism, fictionism, social constructivism, relativism, and hermeneutics. An attempt is made to show that these philosophies (...)
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  34. added 2017-06-12
    In the Philosophical Vein: Carnap's Views on Ontology.Marc Aubrey Kelly - 1999 - Dissertation, University of Michigan
    Rudolf Carnap's essay "Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology" is traditionally interpreted as an expression of either the analytic/synthetic distinction or verificationism. However, Carnap's fundamental aim---the repudiation of both nominalism and Platonism---cannot be accommodated by either interpretation. I interpret ESO as a renunciation of first-philosophical metaphysics, understood as an inquiry into what there is that transcends empirical science and constrains what sorts of entities a legitimate science can countenance. Carnap saw such constraints as metaphysical prejudices dressed up as ontological insights, and wrote (...)
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  35. added 2017-06-05
    Duhem's Physicalism.Paul Needham - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (1):33-62.
    Duhem is often described as an anti-realist or instrumentalist. A contrary view has recently been expressed by Martin (1991) (Pierre Duhem: Philosophy and History in the Work of a Believing Physicist (La Salle, IL: Open Court)), who suggests that this interpretation makes it difficult to understand the vantage point from which Duhem argues in La science allemande (1915) that deduction, however impeccable, cannot establish truths unless it begins with truths. In the same spirit, the present paper seeks to establish that (...)
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  36. added 2017-06-05
    The Conventionalist Philosophy of Empirical and Deductive Science.Charles Levin Sh-Veev - 1971 - Dissertation, University of Southern California
    The following study aims to articulate the key problems, doctrines, concepts and contributions of the conventionalist philosophers. Following the preliminary clarifications, the main body of this dissertation will proceed to a critical and analytical survey of key conventionalist philosophers and their contribution to the development of the convention­ alist outlook. This study will conclude with a brief statement about some of the important contributions to epistemology that can be traced to the work of conventionalists.
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  37. added 2017-06-03
    Conventionalism and the Philosophy of Henri Poincare.Peter Laurence Spirtes - 1981 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    The thesis of the conventionality of simultaneity in the special theory of relativity has been the subject of controversy for over fifty years Unfortunately, debates about this thesis have sometimes been marred by a failure to clearly distinguish different conventionalist theories. In my dissertation I evaluate, clarify, and carefully distinguish a number of different conventionalist theories, and thus clear up some of the confusion surrounding the thesis of the conventionality of simultaneity . In particular, I examine the following conventionalist theories. (...)
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  38. added 2017-05-08
    Law and Science — Reflections.Hanina Ben-Menahem & Yemima Ben-Menahem - 1999 - Science in Context 12 (1):227-243.
    This paper construes various positions in the philosophy of science and the philosophy of law as responses to the problem of underdetermination in science and in law. We begin by drawing a close analogy between the successive approaches to this problem in the two fields. In particular, we stress the analogy between conventionalism as a philosophy of science and legal realism as a philosophy of law, and between Putnam's and Dworkin's critiques of these positions. We then challenge the Putnam-Dworkin strategy, (...)
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  39. added 2017-02-15
    Conventionalism, Coordination, and Mental Models: From Poincaré to Simon.Rouslan Koumakhov - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (3):251-272.
    This article focuses on the conventions that sustain social interaction and argues that they are central to Simon's decision-making theory. Simon clearly identifies two kinds of coordination by convention: behavioral mores that shape human actions, and shared mental models that govern human perceptions. This article argues that Poincaré–Carnap's conventionalism provides powerful support for Simon's theory; it contends that this theory offers a more convincing account of decision and coordination than Lewis' concept of convention. Simon's approach to applying conventionalist logic to (...)
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  40. added 2017-02-14
    Remarks on Poincaré's Notion of Mathematical Rigour.Shahid Rahman - 2010 - Logos and Episteme 1 (1):125-132.
    Between 1906 and 1911, as a response to Betrand’s Russell’s review of La Science et l’Hypothèse, Henri Poincaré launched an attack on the movement to formalise the foundations of mathematics reducing it to logic. The main point is the following: the universality of logic is based on the idea that their truth is independent of any context including epistemic and cultural contexts. From the free context notion of truth and proof it follows that, given an axiomatic system, nothing new can (...)
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  41. added 2017-02-14
    Lire Poincaré 100 Ans Après.Eric Audureau - 2004 - Philosophiques 1:3-10.
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  42. added 2017-02-14
    Poincare's Epistemological Writings: Obstacles to the Diffusion of Relativity?Vincent Borella - 2002 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 55 (1):45-82.
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  43. added 2017-02-14
    Les Écrits Épistémologiques de Poincaré, Obstacles À la Diffusion de la Relativité? / Poincaré's Epistemological Writings : Obstacles to the Diffusion of Relativity?Vincent Borella - 2002 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 55 (1):45-81.
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  44. added 2017-02-14
    The Formation of the Theory of Automorphic Functions: Felix Klein's Notes About Henri Poincaré's Early Publications.Reinhart Brüning - 1997 - Philosophia Scientiae 2 (4):77-89.
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  45. added 2017-02-14
    Roberto Torretti," Philosophy of Geometry From Riemann to Poincaré".José Pedro Ubeda Rives - 1980 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):89-93.
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  46. added 2017-02-13
    Conventionalism and Modern Physics: A Re-Assessment.Robert DiSalle - 2006 - In Emily Carson & Renate Huber (eds.), Noûs. Springer. pp. 181--211.
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  47. added 2017-02-13
    Philosophical Pragmatism in Poincaré.Gerhard Heinzmann - 1987 - In Jan T. J. Srzednicki (ed.), Initiatives in Logic. M. Nijhoff. pp. 70--80.
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  48. added 2017-02-11
    Poincarè or the Deep Need of Convention.Carlos Alberto Cardona Suárez - 2005 - Ideas Y Valores 54 (129):3-20.
    In the frame of the celebration of the century of the publication that gave way to the special theory of relativity, a semblance of the discussions generated from the philosophical implications that derive from the possibility of accepting non-euclidian frames for our space of representation. Poncaré’s argument is exposed in defense of geometrys principle of relativity and the criticism formulated by Hans Reichenbach is discussed.
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  49. added 2017-02-11
    Présentation : Lire Poincaré Cent Ans Après.Éric Audureau - 2004 - Philosophiques 31 (1):3-10.
    Résumé Partant du principe que la philosophie de la connaissance de Poincaré est cohérente, j’essaie de faire voir que son conventionnalisme en géométrie et en physique n’est qu’une conséquence de son intuitionnisme. Après avoir rappelé, dans la première section, ce qu’est l’intuitionnisme et décrit ce que l’intuitionnisme de Poincaré a de spécifique, je montre, dans la deuxième section, comment celui-ci retentit sur la conception de l’espace. Dans la troisième section, j’applique les conclusions précédemment établies à la question très controversée de (...)
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  50. added 2017-02-11
    Wissenschaftliche Entwicklung und gesunder Menschenverstand. Zur Aktualität der Wissenschaftstheorie von Pierre Duhem.Reinhard Löw - 1983 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 37 (2):275 - 281.
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1 — 50 / 224