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  1. added 2019-01-04
    La ricerca scientifica sugli effetti placebo e nocebo: criticità metodologiche, rilevanza filosofica e prospettive sull’elaborazione predittiva.Alessio Bucci - 2018 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 9 (3):280-285.
    ENG: In this brief commentary on Sara Palermo’s article, I highlight several methodological criticisms of the data analysis and hypotheses proposed by the author. I then focus on the relevance of nocebo/placebo studies for the contemporary debate on the mind/body problem. In particular, I show how these phenomena raise questions for dualistic and neurocentric approaches that are still prevalent in philosophy. Finally, I stress the role of expectations in nocebo/placebo models, with reference to a promising theoretical framework: the predictive brain. (...)
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  2. added 2018-11-19
    Descartes’s Epistemic Commitment to Telescopes and Microscopes.George J. Aulisio - forthcoming - Dialogue:1-33.
    In the Optics, Descartes claims that telescopes and microscopes lead to morally certain knowledge. It is unclear, however, that Descartes’s expressed confidence in these instruments is warranted. In this article, I show how a limited range of telescope and microscope observations could lead to morally certain knowledge for Descartes, and how observations beyond this range admit of enough reasonable doubt to undermine moral certainty. I also explain moral certainty as a form of knowledge in Descartes’s scientific practices, his epistemic commitment (...)
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  3. added 2018-08-11
    The Jury's Still Out on What Constitutes a Microaggression.Musa Al-Gharbi - 2018 - In Gary Weiner (ed.), Microaggressions, Trigger Warnings & Safe Spaces. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Greenhaven Press. pp. 106-13.
    In "Microaggressions: Strong Claims, Inadequate Evidence," Scott Lillenfeld argues that, despite a decade of scholarship, the Microaggression Research Program (MRP) continues to suffer serious analytic and evidentiary problems. After walking through these shortcomings, he provides 18 suggestions to help improve the reliability and utility of the MRP. In "Microaggressions and 'Evidence': Experimental or Experiential Reality?" Derald Wing Sue responds. This chapter provides background on the origin of the MRP, and referees the dispute between Lillenfeld and Sue about its contemporary status.
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  4. added 2018-05-13
    The Janus Head of Bachelard’s Phenomenotechnique: From Purification to Proliferation and Back.Massimiliano Simons - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):689-707.
    The work of Gaston Bachelard is known for two crucial concepts, that of the epistemological rupture and that of phenomenotechnique. A crucial question is, however, how these two concepts relate to one another. Are they in fact essentially connected or must they be seen as two separate elements of Bachelard’s thinking? This paper aims to analyse the relation between these two Bachelardian moments and the significance of the concept of phenomenotechnique for today. This will be done by examining how the (...)
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  5. added 2018-03-11
    Integrating History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences in Practice to Enhance Science Education: Swammerdam’s Historia Insectorum Generalis and the Case of the Water Flea.Catherine Kendig - 2013 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 22 (8):1939-1961.
    Abstract: Hasok Chang (Sci Educ 20:317–341, 2011) shows how the recovery of past experimental knowledge, the physical replication of historical experiments, and the extension of recovered knowledge can increase scientific understanding. These activities can also play an important role in both science and history and philosophy of science education. In this paper I describe the implementation of an integrated learning project that I initiated, organized, and structured to complement a course in history and philosophy of the life sciences (HPLS). The (...)
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  6. added 2018-02-12
    Optogenetics, Pluralism, and Progress.Jacqueline Anne Sullivan - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (00):1090-1101.
    Optogenetic techniques are described as “revolutionary” for the unprecedented causal control they allow neuroscientists to exert over neural activity in awake behaving animals. In this paper, I demonstrate by means of a case study that optogenetic techniques will only illuminate causal links between the brain and behavior to the extent that their error characteristics are known and, further, that determining these error characteristics requires comparison of optogenetic techniques with techniques having well known error characteristics and consideration of the broader neural (...)
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  7. added 2017-09-21
    Computer Simulation, Measurement, and Data Assimilation.Wendy S. Parker - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1):273-304.
    This article explores some of the roles of computer simulation in measurement. A model-based view of measurement is adopted and three types of measurement—direct, derived, and complex—are distinguished. It is argued that while computer simulations on their own are not measurement processes, in principle they can be embedded in direct, derived, and complex measurement practices in such a way that simulation results constitute measurement outcomes. Atmospheric data assimilation is then considered as a case study. This practice, which involves combining information (...)
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  8. added 2017-07-04
    Extended Thing Knowledge.Mathieu Charbonneau - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):116-128.
    This paper aims at extending the notion of thing knowledge put forth by Davis Baird. His Thing Knowledge (Baird 2004) proposes that scientific instruments constitute scientific knowledge and that to conceive scientific instruments as such brings about a new and better understanding of scientific development. By insisting on what “truth does for us,” Baird shows that the functional properties of truth are shared by the common scientific instrument. The traditional definition of knowledge as justified true belief would only apply to (...)
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  9. added 2017-05-08
    Measurement in Science.Eran Tal - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  10. added 2017-03-31
    Visual Data – Reasons to Be Relied On?Nicola Mößner - 2017 - In Nicola Mößner & Alfred Nordmann (eds.), Reasoning in Measurement. New York: Routledge. pp. 99-110.
    In today’s science, the output of measurement processes are often visual representations of the data detected. Moreover, we find such visual data as parts of scientific reasoning in different contexts. In this article, we will take a look at two of them. On the one hand, visual representations are used as a kind of surrogate for the real object to ask questions about it – we will call this the exploratory use of visual data. On the other hand, visualisations are (...)
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  11. added 2017-03-08
    Great Pyramid Metrology and the Material Politics of Basalt.Michael J. Barany - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):45-60.
    Astronomer Charles Piazzi Smyth’s 1864–65 expedition to measure the Great Pyramid of Giza was planned around a system of linear measures designed to guarantee the validity of his measurements and settle ongoing uncertainties as to the Pyramid’s true size. When the intended system failed to come together, Piazzi Smyth was forced to improvise a replacement that presented a fundamental challenge to the metrological enterprise upon which his system had been based. The astronomer’s new system centered around a small lump of (...)
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  12. added 2017-02-15
    The Universe Unveiled: Instruments and Images Through History. [REVIEW]Jim Bennett - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (2):213-250.
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  13. added 2017-02-15
    Antique Medical Instruments. [REVIEW]C. J. Lawrence - 1980 - British Journal for the History of Science 13 (2):181-182.
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  14. added 2017-02-13
    A Catalogue Raisonné of Scientific Instruments From the Louvain School, 1530-1600.Koenraad Van Cleempoel - 2005 - History of Science 38:225-226.
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  15. added 2017-01-29
    A Catalogue Raisonné Of Scientific Instruments From The Louvain School, 1530 To 1600. [REVIEW]Hester Higton - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (2):225-226.
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  16. added 2017-01-27
    Instruments of Translation. [REVIEW]Hester Higton - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (2):286-287.
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  17. added 2017-01-27
    Nineteenth-Century Scientific Instruments. [REVIEW]Anita Mcconnell - 1985 - British Journal for the History of Science 18 (1):121-121.
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  18. added 2017-01-16
    Easily Cracked: Scientific Instruments in States of Disrepair.Simon Schaffer - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):706-717.
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  19. added 2017-01-16
    Bart Grob and Hans Hooijmaijers , Who Needs Scientific Instruments? Conference on Scientific Instruments and Their Users, 20–22 October 2005. Leiden: Museum Boerhaave, 2006. Pp. 272. ISBN 906292-158-2. No Price Given. [REVIEW]Hester Higton - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (3).
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  20. added 2017-01-16
    Instruments Gerard L'E. Turner, Antique Scientific Instruments. Poole: Blandford Press, 1980. Pp. 168. £3.95/£2.95.Robert Fox - 1982 - British Journal for the History of Science 15 (3):310.
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  21. added 2017-01-16
    Scientific Instruments Scientific Instruments. By Harriet Wynter and Anthony Turner. London: Studio Vista, 1975. Pp. 239. £12.50. [REVIEW]G. L'E. Turner - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (1):77.
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  22. added 2017-01-16
    Instruments Van Marum's Scientific Instruments in Teyler's Museum. By G. L'E. Turner and T. H. Levere. Volume IV of Martinus Van Marum: Life and Work, Ed. By E. Lefebvre and J. G. De Bruijn. Leyden: Noordhoff Intertional, 1973. Pp. 401. 65 Hfl. [REVIEW]D. J. Bryden - 1976 - British Journal for the History of Science 9 (1):69.
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  23. added 2017-01-16
    Scientific Instruments Scientific Instruments of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries and Their Makers. By Maurice Daumas. Trans, and Ed. By Mary Holbrook. London: Batsford, 1972. Pp. Vi + 361. £10. [REVIEW]D. J. Bryden - 1974 - British Journal for the History of Science 7 (1):87.
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  24. added 2017-01-16
    Scientific Instruments in Art and HistoryHenri Michel R. E. W. Maddison Francis R. Maddison.Silvio A. Bedini - 1968 - Isis 59 (2):213-214.
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  25. added 2017-01-16
    XI.—Scientific Instruments.J. A. Lauwerys - 1938 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 38 (1):217-240.
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  26. added 2016-10-25
    Empiricism for Cyborgs.Adam Toon - 2014 - Philosophical Issues 24 (1):409-425.
    One important debate between scientific realists and constructive empiricists concerns whether we observe things using instruments. This paper offers a new perspective on the debate over instruments by looking to recent discussion in philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Realists often speak of instruments as ‘extensions’ to our senses. I ask whether the realist may strengthen her view by drawing on the extended mind thesis. Proponents of the extended mind thesis claim that cognitive processes can sometimes extend beyond our brains (...)
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  27. added 2016-08-15
    Bild in der Wissenschaft.Nicola Mößner - 2016 - Image 23 (1):65-86.
  28. added 2016-05-05
    Towards a Notion of Intervention in Big-Data Biology and Molecular Medicine.Emanuele Ratti & Federico Boem - forthcoming - In Marco Nathan & Giovanni Boniolo (eds.), Philosophy of Molecular Medicine - Foundational Issues in Research and Practice. Routledge.
    We claim that in contemporary studies in molecular biology and biomedicine, the nature of ‘manipulation’ and ‘intervention’ has changed. Traditionally, molecular biology and molecular studies in medicine are considered experimental sciences, whereas experiments take the form of material manipulation and intervention. On the contrary “big science” projects in biology focus on the practice of data mining of biological databases. We argue that the practice of data mining is a form of intervention although it does not require material manipulation. We also (...)
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  29. added 2016-01-20
    Seeing and Believing: Galileo, Aristotelians, and the Mountains on the Moon.David Marshall Miller - 2013 - In Daniel De Simone & John Hessler (eds.), The Starry Messenger. Levenger Press. pp. 131-145.
    Galileo’s telescopic lunar observations, announced in Siderius Nuncius (1610), were a triumph of observational skill and ingenuity. Yet, unlike the Medicean stars, Galileo’s lunar “discoveries” were not especially novel. Indeed, Plutarch had noted the moon’s uneven surface in classical times, and many other renaissance observers had also turned their gaze moonward, even (in Harriot’s case) aided by telescopes of their own. Moreover, what Galileo and his contemporaries saw was colored by the assumptions they already had. Copernicans assumed the moon was (...)
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  30. added 2015-09-23
    El diseño de simulaciones digitales: una perspectiva desde las prácticas científicas.Juan M. Durán, Penélope Lodeyro & Maximiliano Bozzoli - 2010 - In Pío García & Alba Massolo (eds.), Epistemología e historia de la ciencia: Selección de trabajos de las XX jornadas. Editorial Universidad Nacional de Cȯrdoba. pp. 204-210.
  31. added 2015-05-07
    Scientific Evidence: Creating and Evaluating Experimental Instruments and Research Techniques.William Bechtel - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:559 - 572.
    The production of evidence for scientific hypotheses and theories often depends upon complex instruments and techniques for employing them. An important epistemological question arises as to how the reliability of these instruments and techniques is assessed. To address that question, this paper examines the introduction of electron microscopy and cell fractionation in cell biology. One important claim is that scientists often arrive at their techniques for employing instruments like the electron microscope and the ultracentrifuge by tinkering and that they evaluate (...)
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  32. added 2015-03-26
    Who Needs Scientific Instruments? Conference on Scientific Instruments and Their Users, 20–22 October 2005. [REVIEW]Hester Higton - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (3):458-459.
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  33. added 2015-03-26
    Thing Knowledge: A Philosophy of Scientific Instruments. [REVIEW]David Gooding - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (4):598-599.
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  34. added 2015-03-26
    Musa Musaei: Studies on Scientific Instruments and Collections in Honour of Mara Miniati. [REVIEW]David Pantalony - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Science 39 (1):127-128.
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  35. added 2015-03-26
    Scientific Instruments: Originals and Imitations. [REVIEW]Hester Higton - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (2):213-250.
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  36. added 2015-03-26
    Antique Scientific Instruments. [REVIEW]Robert Fox - 1982 - British Journal for the History of Science 15 (3):310-310.
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  37. added 2015-03-25
    Who Needs Scientific Instruments? Philosophers! Physiology and Philosophy in the Fin de Siecle.Alexander von Lunen - unknown
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  38. added 2015-03-25
    Studies in the History of Scientific Instruments. [REVIEW]D. J. Bryden - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (4):490-491.
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  39. added 2015-03-25
    Scientific Instruments. [REVIEW]G. L. Turner - 1977 - British Journal for the History of Science 10 (1):77-78.
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  40. added 2015-03-24
    Who Needs Scientific Instruments.H. Grob B. And Hooijmaijers (ed.) - 2005 - Museum Boerhaave.
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  41. added 2015-03-22
    The Lunar Society and the Improvement of Scientific Instruments: II.Eric Robinson - 1957 - Annals of Science 13 (1):1-8.
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  42. added 2015-03-22
    The Lunar Society and the Improvement of Scientific Instruments: I.Eric Robinson - 1956 - Annals of Science 12 (4):296-304.
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  43. added 2015-03-22
    A Collection of Armillary Spheres and Other Antique Scientific Instruments.Derek J. Price - 1954 - Annals of Science 10 (2):172-187.
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  44. added 2015-03-18
    Scientific Instruments.J. A. Lauwerys - 1937 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 38:217 - 240.
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  45. added 2014-04-11
    The Epigenetic Landscape in the Course of Time: Conrad Hal Waddington’s Methodological Impact on the Life Sciences.Jan Baedke - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):756-773.
    It seems that the reception of Conrad Hal Waddington’s work never really gathered speed in mainstream biology. This paper, offering a transdisciplinary survey of approaches using his epigenetic landscape images, argues that (i) Waddington’s legacy is much broader than is usually recognized—it is widespread across the life sciences (e.g. stem cell biology, developmental psychology and cultural anthropology). In addition, I will show that (ii) there exist as yet unrecognized heuristic roles, especially in model building and theory formation, which Waddington’s images (...)
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  46. added 2014-04-03
    Invisible Connections, Instruments, Institutions and Science.R. Bud, S. Cozzens & Brian J. Ford - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (1):173-206.
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  47. added 2014-04-02
    What is Scientific Progress? Lessons From Scientific Practice.Moti Mizrahi - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (2):375-390.
    Alexander Bird argues for an epistemic account of scientific progress, whereas Darrell Rowbottom argues for a semantic account. Both appeal to intuitions about hypothetical cases in support of their accounts. Since the methodological significance of such appeals to intuition is unclear, I think that a new approach might be fruitful at this stage in the debate. So I propose to abandon appeals to intuition and look at scientific practice instead. I discuss two cases that illustrate the way in which scientists (...)
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  48. added 2014-04-02
    Scientific Instruments, Scientific Progress and the Cyclotron.Davis Baird & Thomas Faust - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):147-175.
  49. added 2014-03-22
    The Scientific Instruments in Holbein's Ambassadors: A Re-Examination.Elly Dekker & Kristen Lippincott - 1999 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 62:93-125.
  50. added 2014-03-15
    Growing Weed, Producing Knowledge An Epistemic History of Arabidopsis Thaliana.Sabina Leonelli - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (2):193 - 223.
    Arabidopsis is currently the most popular and well-researched model organism in plant biology. This paper documents this plant's rise to scientific fame by focusing on two interrelated aspects of Arabidopsis research. One is the extent to which the material features of the plant have constrained research directions and enabled scientific achievements. The other is the crucial role played by the international community of Arabidopsis researchers in making it possible to grow, distribute and use plant specimen that embody these material features. (...)
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