About this topic
Summary Topics covered under the rubric of "Scientific Language Misc" are simply those which do not fall in any straightforward manner into other sections of the "Scientific Language" category.
Related categories

151 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 151
  1. Science, Assertion, and the Common Ground.Corey Dethier - 2022 - Synthese 200 (1):1-19.
    I argue that the appropriateness of an assertion is sensitive to context—or, really, the “common ground”—in a way that hasn’t previously been emphasized by philosophers. This kind of context-sensitivity explains why some scientific conclusions seem to be appropriately asserted even though they are not known, believed, or justified on the available evidence. I then consider other recent attempts to account for this phenomenon and argue that if they are to be successful, they need to recognize the kind of context-sensitivity that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Abstraction and Generalization in the Logic of Science: Cases From Nineteenth-Century Scientific Practice.Claudia Cristalli & Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (1):93-121.
    Abstraction and generalization are two processes of reasoning that have a special role in the construction of scientific theories and models. They have been important parts of the scientific method ever since the nineteenth century. A philosophical and historical analysis of scientific practices shows how abstraction and generalization found their way into the theory of the logic of science of the nineteenth-century philosopher Charles S. Peirce. Our case studies include the scientific practices of Francis Galton and John Herschel, who introduced (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Ordinary Language Philosophy, Explanation, and the Historical Turn in Philosophy of Science.Paul L. Franco - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 90 (December 2021):77 - 85.
    Taking a cue from remarks Thomas Kuhn makes in 1990 about the historical turn in philosophy of science, I examine the history of history and philosophy of science within parts of the British philosophical context in the 1950s and early 1960s. During this time, ordinary language philosophy's influence was at its peak. I argue that the ordinary language philosophers' methodological recommendation to analyze actual linguistic practice influences several prominent criticisms of the deductive-nomological model of scientific explanation and that these criticisms (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Adequação empírica, linguagem e mundo em The Scientific Image.Alessio Gava - 2021 - Universitas Philosophica 38 (76):223-242.
    2020 is the year of the fortieth anniversary of Bas van Fraassen’s seminal book The Scientific Image. It is quite surprising, after such a long time, and considering how much the author’s proposal was debated during the last four decades, to find a new review of it on the March issue of Metascience. In “Concluding Unscientific Image”, Hans Halvorson claims that, in the work of the founder of constructive empiricism, not only is there a defense of an anti-realist perspective on (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Metascience. For a Scientific General Discourse.François Maurice - 2020 - Mεtascience 1:online.
    Human produce discourses on the world: mythologies, religions, mysticisms, philosophies, science. The majority of those discourses are transcendent in nature. Following a conceptual clarification based on the notions of reflection and general discourse, philosophy appears as a transcendent general discourse among others; hence the failure of the latter to account for the world and science; hence the need for a non-transcendent general discourse, a properly scientific general discourse, a metascience. In light of these redefined boundaries, it will be proposed to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  6. ‘The Intelligent and the Rest’: British Mensa and the Contested Status of High Intelligence.Susanne Schregel & Tineke Broer - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (5):3-11.
    This special section evolved out of a workshop entitled ‘Minds and Brains in Everyday Life: Embedding and Negotiating Scientific Concepts in Popular Discourses’, held at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities at the University of Edinburgh. Our discussions at the workshop and for this special section began with the observation that scientific interpretations and everyday explanations regularly meet and come together in debates about aspects of the mind and the brain. Such entanglements between science and the wider public (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. Let’s Talk About Pain and Opioids: Low Pitch and Creak in Medical Consultations.Peter Joseph Torres, Stephen G. Henry & Vaidehi Ramanathan - 2020 - Discourse Studies 22 (2):174-204.
    In recent years, the opioid crisis in the United States has sparked significant discussion on doctor–patient interactions concerning chronic pain treatments, but little to no attention has been given to investigating the vocal aspects of patient talk. This exploratory sociolinguistic study intends to fill this knowledge gap by employing prosodic discourse analysis to examine context-specific linguistic features used by the interlocutors of two distinct medical interactions. We found that patients employed both low pitch and creak as linguistic resources when describing (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. “Serving God, Fatherland, and Language”: Alcover, Catalan, and Science.Agustín Ceba Herrero & Joan March Noguera - 2019 - Zygon 54 (4):1087-1106.
    This article intends to contribute to the science–religion historiography with two topics—philology and the construction of national identities—that can help provide a more complex picture of the relations between science and religion. We use the life and work of the Mallorcan Catholic priest Antoni Maria Alcover (1862–1932) as a case study that puts language, linguistics, and nationalism on the board of science and religion studies. Alcover was the main driving force of the Catalan Dictionary, a collective enterprise that set out (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Speech Act Theory and the Multiple Aims of Science.Paul L. Franco - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (5):1005-1015.
    I draw upon speech act theory to understand the speech acts appropriate to the multiple aims of scientific practice and the role of nonepistemic values in evaluating speech acts made relative to those aims. First, I look at work that distinguishes explaining from describing within scientific practices. I then argue speech act theory provides a framework to make sense of how explaining, describing, and other acts have different felicity conditions. Finally, I argue that if explaining aims to convey understanding to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10. James McElvenny. Language and Meaning in the Age of Modernism: C. K. Ogden and His Contemporaries. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2018. Pp. 200. $110.00. [REVIEW]James Pearson - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):193-198.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. 关于在柴廷、维特根斯坦、霍夫施塔特、沃尔珀特、多里亚、达科斯塔、戈德尔、西尔、罗迪赫、贝托、弗洛伊德、贝托、弗洛伊德、莫亚尔-沙罗克和亚诺夫斯基.Michael Richard Starks - 2019 - Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press.
    人们普遍认为,不可能性、不完整性、不一致性、不可度、随机性、可预见性、悖论、不确定性和理性极限是完全不同的科学物理或数学问题,在常见。我认为,它们主要是标准的哲学问题(即语言游戏),这些问题大多在80 多年前由维特根斯坦解决。 -/- "在这种情况下,我们'想说'当然不是哲学,而是它的原材料。因此,例如,数学家倾向于对数学事实的客观性和现实性说的,不是数学哲学,而是哲学处理的东西。维特根斯坦 PI 234 -/- "哲学家们经常看到科学的方法,他们不可抗拒地试图以科学的方式提问和回答问题。这种倾向是形而上学的真正源泉,将哲学家带入完全的黑暗之中。 维特根斯坦 -/- 我简要地总结了现代两位最杰出的学生路德维希·维特根斯坦和约翰·西尔关于故意的逻辑结构(思想、语言、行为)的一些主要发现,作为我的起点Wittgenstein 的基本发现——所有真正的"哲学"问题都是相同的——关于在特定上下文中如何使用语言的困惑,因此所有解决方案都是一样的——研究如何在相关上下文中使用语言,使其真实性条件(满意度或 COS 条件)是明确的。基本问题是,人们可以说什么,但一个人不能意味着(状态明确COS)任何任意的话语和意义只有在非常具体的上下文中才可能。 -/- 在两种思想体系的现代视角(被推广为"思维快,思维慢")的框架内,我从维特根斯坦人的角度剖析了一些主要评论员关于这些问题的一些著作,并采用了一个新的表意向性和新的双系统命名法。 我表明,这是一个强大的启发式描述这些假定的科学,物理或数学问题的真实性质,这是真正最好的处理作为标准哲学问题,如何使用语言(语言游戏在维特根斯坦的术语)。 -/- 我的论点是,这里突出特征的意向表(理性、思想、思想、语言、个性等)或多或少地准确地描述了,或者至少作为启发式,我们思考和行为的方式,所以它包含不只是哲学和心理学,但其他一切(历史,文学,数学,政治等) 。特别要注意,我(以及西尔、维特根斯坦和其他人)认为,故意和理性包括有意识的审议语言系统2和无意识的自动预语言系统1行为或反射。 .
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Para uma Epistemologia da Errância: Erro, Hiância e Ciência em Michel Pêcheux.João Flávio de Almeida - 2018 - Dissertation, UFSCAR, Brazil
  13. Nature, Science, and Critical Explicitation: Does Conceptual Structure Reflect How Things Are?Louis Caruana - 2018 - International Philosophical Quarterly 58:93-105.
    Science has uncovered many mistakes that had been hidden for centuries among implicit everyday assumptions. When we make explicit what lies implicit within language, there is no guarantee that we will arrive at truth about the world. Many therefore assume that only science delivers truth. Recent debates on this issue often refer to Wilfred Sellars’s arguments against the pre-conceptual given but conclude that his additional insistence on the exclusivity of the scientific image of the world is unfounded. In this paper (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Combining Probability with Qualitative Degree-of-Certainty Metrics in Assessment.Casey Helgeson, Richard Bradley & Brian Hill - 2018 - Climatic Change 149:517-525.
    Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) employ an evolving framework of calibrated language for assessing and communicating degrees of certainty in findings. A persistent challenge for this framework has been ambiguity in the relationship between multiple degree-of-certainty metrics. We aim to clarify the relationship between the likelihood and confidence metrics used in the Fifth Assessment Report (2013), with benefits for mathematical consistency among multiple findings and for usability in downstream modeling and decision analysis. We discuss how our (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15. Tools of Reason: The Practice of Scientific Diagramming From Antiquity to the Present.Greg Priest, Silvia De Toffoli & Paula Findlen - 2018 - Endeavour 42 (2-3):49-59.
  16. Incommensurability and Comparative Philosophy.Xinli Wang - 2018 - Philosophy East and West 68 (2):564-582.
    Comparative philosophy between two disparate cultural-philosophic traditions, such as Western and Chinese philosophy, has become a new trend of philosophical fashion in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Having learned from the past, contemporary comparative philosophers cautiously safeguard their comparative studies against two potential pitfalls, namely cultural universalism and cultural relativism. The Orientalism that assumed the superiority of the Occidental has become a memory of the past. The historical pendulum has apparently swung to the other extreme. The more recent (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17. Visual Metaphors in the Sciences: The Case of Epigenetic Landscape Images.Jan Baedke & Tobias Schöttler - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (2):173-194.
    Recent philosophical analyses of the epistemic dimension of images in the sciences show a certain trend in acknowledging potential roles of these images beyond their merely decorative or pedagogical functions. We argue, however, that this new debate has yet paid little attention to a special type of pictures, we call ‘visual metaphor’, and its versatile heuristic potential in organizing data, supporting communication, and guiding research, modeling, and theory formation. Based on a case study of Conrad Hal Waddington’s epigenetic landscape images (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18. Assertion, Nonepistemic Values, and Scientific Practice.Paul L. Franco - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (1):160-180.
    This article motivates a shift in certain strands of the debate over legitimate roles for nonepistemic values in scientific practice from investigating what is involved in taking cognitive attitudes like acceptance toward an empirical hypothesis to looking at a social understanding of assertion, the act of communicating that hypothesis. I argue that speech act theory’s account of assertion as a type of doing makes salient legitimate roles nonepistemic values can play in scientific practice. The article also shows how speech act (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  19. World to Word: Nomenclature Systems of Color and Species.Tanya Kelley - 2017 - Dissertation, University Of Missouri
    As the digitization of information accelerates, the push to encode our surrounding numerically instead of linguistically increases. The role that language has traditionally played in the nomenclature of an integrative taxonomy is being replaced by the numeric identification of one or few quantitative characteristics. Nineteenth-century scientific systems of color identification divided, grouped, and named colors according to multiple characteristics. Now color identification relies on numeric values applied to spectrographic readings. This means of identification of color lacks the taxonomic rigor of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Концепція російсько-українського академічного словника за редакцією А. Кримського та С. Єфремова.Olha Los - 2017 - Language: Classic – Modern – Postmodern 3:148-157.
    У статті описано підходи до написання словників у перші десятиліття ХХ ст. Розглянуто концепцію і принципи укладання російсько-українського академічного словника. Проаналізовано реалізацію концепції російсько-українського академічного словника як лексикографічної праці, що поєднує риси перекладного, тлумачного, синонімічного та фразеологічного словників.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Geoffrey Gorham, Benjamin Hill, Edward Slowik, and C. Kenneth Waters, Eds. The Language of Nature: Reassessing the Mathematization of Natural Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. Pp. Vi+346. $150.00 ; $40.00. [REVIEW]Douglas Bertrand Marshall - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (2):383-386.
  22. Синтаксична репрезентація мовної особистості вченого-лінгвіста.Alla Romanchenko - 2017 - Language: Classic – Modern – Postmodern 3:111-121.
    Статтю присвячено синтаксичній репрезентації мовної особистості в лінгвістичному дискурсі. Об’єктом дослідження стали окличні та інтонаційно незакінчені речення. Їх розглянуто як синтаксичні засоби вираження експресивності в різножанрових працях українських учених – О. І. Бондаря, П. Ю. Гриценка, С. Я. Єрмоленко, Ю. О. Карпенка. Акцентовано увагу на типах, семантиці аналізованих висловлювань та їхньому прагматичному потенціалі.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Taxonomy for Humans or Computers? Cognitive Pragmatics for Big Data.Beckett Sterner & Nico M. Franz - 2017 - Biological Theory 12 (2):99-111.
    Criticism of big data has focused on showing that more is not necessarily better, in the sense that data may lose their value when taken out of context and aggregated together. The next step is to incorporate an awareness of pitfalls for aggregation into the design of data infrastructure and institutions. A common strategy minimizes aggregation errors by increasing the precision of our conventions for identifying and classifying data. As a counterpoint, we argue that there are pragmatic trade-offs between precision (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  24. Explication as a Method of Conceptual Re-Engineering.Georg Brun - 2016 - Erkenntnis 81 (6):1211-1241.
    Taking Carnap’s classic exposition as a starting point, this paper develops a pragmatic account of the method of explication, defends it against a range of challenges and proposes a detailed recipe for the practice of explicating. It is then argued that confusions are involved in characterizing explications as definitions, and in advocating precising definitions as an alternative to explications. Explication is better characterized as conceptual re-engineering for theoretical purposes, in contrast to conceptual re-engineering for other purposes and improving exactness for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   75 citations  
  25. Is It Possible to Give Scientific Solutions to Grand Challenges? On the Idea of Grand Challenges for Life Science Research.Sophia Efstathiou - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 56:46-61.
    This paper argues that challenges that are grand in scope such as "lifelong health and wellbeing", "climate action", or "food security" cannot be addressed through scientific research only. Indeed scientific research could inhibit addressing such challenges if scientific analysis constrains the multiple possible understandings of these challenges into already available scientific categories and concepts without translating between these and everyday concerns. This argument builds on work in philosophy of science and race to postulate a process through which non-scientific notions become (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  26. Classics From This Journal: Martin Rudwick’s ‘The Emergence of a Visual Language for Geological Science 1760–1840’, History of Science, Xiv: 3, 1976, Pp. 149–95. [REVIEW]Sachiko Kusukawa - 2016 - History of Science 54 (1):98-104.
    This is a brief review of the significance of Martin Rudwick’s article, ‘The Emergence of a Visual Language for Geological Science 1760–1840’, published in this journal 40 years ago.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Alan G. Gross and Joseph E. Harmon. Science From Sight to Insight: How Scientists Illustrate Meaning. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. Pp. 332. $90.00 ; $30.00. [REVIEW]Omar W. Nasim - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):168-171.
  28. Scientific Realism Versus Antirealism in Science Education.Seungbae Park - 2016 - Santalka: Filosofija, Komunikacija 24 (1):72-81.
    Scientific realists believe both what a scientific theory says about observables and unobservables. In contrast, scientific antirealists believe what a scientific theory says about observables, but not about unobservables. I argue that scientific realism is a more useful doctrine than scientific antirealism in science classrooms. If science teachers are antirealists, they are caught in Moore’s paradox when they help their students grasp the content of a scientific theory, and when they explain a phenomenon in terms of a scientific theory. Teachers (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29. Mind the Metaphor! A Systematic Fallacy in Analogical Reasoning.Eugen Fischer - 2015 - Analysis 75 (1):67-77.
    Conceptual metaphors facilitate both productive and pernicious analogical reasoning. This article addresses the question: When and why does the frequently helpful use of metaphor become pernicious? By applying the most influential theoretical framework from cognitive psychology in analysing the philosophically most prominent example of pernicious metaphorical reasoning, we identify a philosophically relevant but previously undescribed fallacy in analogical reasoning with metaphors. We then outline an explanation of why even competent thinkers commit this fallacy and obtain a psychologically informed ‘debunking’ explanation (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  30. Cassirer and Steinthal on Expression and the Science of Language.Lydia Patton - 2015 - Cassirer Studies 7:99-117.
    Ernst Cassirer’s focus on the expressive function of language should be read, not in the context of Carnap’s debate with Heidegger, but in the context of the earlier work of Chajim (Heymann) Steinthal. Steinthal distinguishes the expressive form of language, when language is studied as a natural phenomenon, from language as a logical, inferential system. Steinthal argues that language always can be expressed in terms of logical inference. Thus, he would disagree with Heidegger, just as Carnap does. But, Steinthal insists, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Globalized Parochialism: Consequences of English as Lingua Franca in Philosophy of Science.Gereon Wolters - 2015 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (2):189-200.
    In recent decades, English has become the uncontestable lingua franca of philosophy of science and of most other areas of philosophy and of the humanities. To have a lingua franca produces enormous benefits for the entire scientific community. The price for those benefits, however, is paid almost exclusively by non-native speakers of English. Section 1 identifies three asymmetries that individual NoNES researchers encounter: ‘publication asymmetry’, ‘resources asymmetry’, and ‘team asymmetry’. Section 2 deals with ‘globalized parochialism asymmetry’: thanks to English being (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  32. On the State of Scientific English and How to Improve It - Part 6: The Route to Much Less Trouble and Many Fewer Problems?Andrew Moore - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (6):541-541.
  33. Critical Review of Mathematics and Scientific Representation. [REVIEW]Sean Walsh, Eleanor Knox & Adam Caulton - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (3):460-469.
  34. On the State of Scientific English and How to Improve It–Part 4.Andrew Moore - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (11):925-925.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35. On the State of Scientific English and How to Improve It–Part 3.Andrew Moore - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (8):667-667.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36. On the State of Scientific English and How to Improve It–Part 1.Andrew Moore - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (5):409-409.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Teaching Through Diagrams.Renée Raphael - 2013 - Early Science and Medicine 18 (1-2):201-230.
    This contribution examines the role of diagrams in early modern pedagogy. It begins with an analysis of images from the 1632 Dialogo and 1638 Discorsi. I claim that Galileo often employed images in a pedagogical context, illustrating to readers through his dialogue how he may have used images in his own teaching. Building on the work of previous historians, I argue that a classification of Galileo’s images should include not only heuristic images and images used for virtual witnessing, but also (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Thomas Uebel. Empiricism at the Crossroads: The Vienna Circle’s Protocol-Sentence Debate. Full Circle: Publications of the Archive of Scientific Philosophy 4. Chicago: Open Court, 2007. Pp. Xviii+518. $80.96. [REVIEW]Jordi Cat - 2012 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 2 (2):354-360.
  39. Universal Claims.Louis Caruana - 2011 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 16 (1):157-169.
    Claims are universal when they are not dependent on when and where they are made. Mathematics and the natural sciences are the typical disciplines that allow such claims to be made. Is the striving for universal claims in other disciplines justified? Those who attempt to answer this question in the affirmative often argue that it is justified when mathematics and the natural sciences are taken as the model for other disciplines. In this paper I challenge this position and analyze the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Phlogiston, Lavoisier and the Purloined Referent.Lucía Lewowicz - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):436-444.
  41. La filosofía de la ciencia y el lenguaje: relaciones cambiantes, alcances y límites.Pablo Lorenzano - 2011 - Arbor 187 (747):69-80.
    This paper consists of three sections. In the first one, some of the main developments in the philosophy of science through the xx century up to the present will be pointed out, and inserted them in the frame of some more general philosophical transformations, such as the so-called “linguistic turn” and “pragmatic turn”, respectively. In the second one, the established connection will be nuanced, from a revision of the work of a “classical” author such as Carnap. Finally, it will be (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42. New Account of Empirical Claims in Structuralism.Holger Andreas - 2010 - Synthese 176 (3):311 - 332.
    In this paper, a new account of empirical claims in structuralism is developed. Its novelty derives from the use that is made of the linguistic approach to scientific theories despite the presumed incompatibility of structuralism with that approach. It is shown how the linguistic approach can be applied to the framework of structuralism if the semantic foundations of that approach are refined to do justice to the doctrine of indirect interpretation of theoretical terms. This doctrine goes back to Carnap but (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  43. Semantic Holism in Scientific Language.Holger Andreas - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (4):524-543.
    Whether meaning is compositional has been a major issue in linguistics and formal philosophy of language for the last 2 decades. Semantic holism is widely and plausibly considered as an objection to the principle of semantic compositionality therein. It comes as a surprise that the holistic peculiarities of scientific language have been rarely addressed in formal accounts so far, given that semantic holism has its roots in the philosophy of science. For this reason, a model-theoretic approach to semantic holism in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  44. Cristina Marras, Metaphora translata voce. [REVIEW]Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2010 - Rivista di Filosofia 101 (3):450-452.
    The theses in this book are: 1) the tension between the Leibnizian theory of the tropes and their use is resolved in a "pragmatic of discourse" that gives the metaphor a richer dimension than the theorized one, that is, that of "a mechanism capable of combining elements coming from different conceptual spaces into a new metaphorical conceptual space, 'shapeless' to which the metaphor itself provides an adequate language to describe and structure it"; 2) the role of metaphors is placed for (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. The Geometrization of Motion: Galileo’s Triangle of Speed and its Various Transformations.Carla Rita Palmerino - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (4-5):410-447.
    This article analyzes Galileo's mathematization of motion, focusing in particular on his use of geometrical diagrams. It argues that Galileo regarded his diagrams of acceleration not just as a complement to his mathematical demonstrations, but as a powerful heuristic tool. Galileo probably abandoned the wrong assumption of the proportionality between the degree of velocity and the space traversed in accelerated motion when he realized that it was impossible, on the basis of that hypothesis, to build a diagram of the law (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  46. Forms of Mathematization: (14th-17th Centuries).Sophie Roux - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (4-5):319-337.
    According to a grand narrative that long ago ceased to be told, there was a seventeenth century Scientific Revolution, during which a few heroes conquered nature thanks to mathematics. When this grand narrative was brought into question, our perspectives on the question of mathematization should have changed. It seems, however, that they were instead set aside, both because of a general distrust towards sweeping narratives that are always subject to the suspicion that they overlook the unyielding complexity of real history, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  47. Counting Systems and the First Hilbert Problem.Yaroslav Sergeyev - 2010 - Nonlinear Analysis Series A 72 (3-4):1701-1708.
    The First Hilbert problem is studied in this paper by applying two instruments: a new methodology distinguishing between mathematical objects and mathematical languages used to describe these objects; and a new numeral system allowing one to express different infinite numbers and to use these numbers for measuring infinite sets. Several counting systems are taken into consideration. It is emphasized in the paper that different mathematical languages can describe mathematical objects (in particular, sets and the number of their elements) with different (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  48. The Concept of Scientific Fact: Perelman and Beyond.Zohar Livnat - 2009 - Argumentation 23 (3):375-386.
    This paper applies the argumentative perspective to the concept of scientific fact by combining the rhetorical and the sociological perspectives. The scientific fact is presented as an entity having both an epistemic and a social meaning, and the scientific paper is presented as a discourse that has both an epistemic value and role related to knowledge and to the description of the ‘world,’ and a social value, fulfilling social roles within its relevant discourse community. The discussion leads to some insights (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  49. Words, Lines, Diagrams, Images: Towards a History of Scientific Imagery.Christoph Lüthy & Alexis Smets - 2009 - Early Science and Medicine 14 (1-3):398-439.
    This essay examines the problems encountered in contemporary attempts to establish a typology of medieval and early modern scientific images, and to associate apparent types with certain standard meanings. Five particular issues are addressed here: the unclear boundary between words and images; the problem of morphologically similar images possessing incompatible meanings; the converse problem of comparable objects or processes being expressed by extremely dissimilar visual means; the impossibility of matching modern with historical iconographical terminologies; and the fact that the meaning (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  50. A Collection of Micrographs: Where Science and Art Meet.Vuk Uskokovi - 2009 - Technoetic Arts 7 (3):231-247.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 151