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  1. Philosophy of Science: A Short Introduction.Domenic Marbaniang - 2009 - Lulu Press.
    INTRODUCTION Philosophy of science is a study of the general nature of scientific practice, explanations, theories, and the relation of scientific knowledge ...
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  2. La ricerca scientifica sugli effetti placebo e nocebo: criticità metodologiche, rilevanza filosofica e prospettive sull’elaborazione predittiva.Alessio Bucci - 2018 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 9 (3):280-285.
    ENG: In this brief commentary on Sara Palermo’s article, I highlight several methodological criticisms of the data analysis and hypotheses proposed by the author. I then focus on the relevance of nocebo/placebo studies for the contemporary debate on the mind/body problem. In particular, I show how these phenomena raise questions for dualistic and neurocentric approaches that are still prevalent in philosophy. Finally, I stress the role of expectations in nocebo/placebo models, with reference to a promising theoretical framework: the predictive brain. (...)
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  3. Théorie, Réalité, Modèle.Franck Varenne - 2012 - Paris, France: Editions Matériologiques.
    Dans cet ouvrage, Franck Varenne pose la question du réalisme scientifique, essentiellement dans sa forme contemporaine, et ce jusqu’aux années 1980. Il s’est donné pour cela la contrainte de focaliser l’attention sur ce que devenaient sa formulation et les réponses diverses qu’on a pu lui apporter en réaction spécifique à l’évolution parallèle qu’ont subie les notions de théories et surtout de modèles dans les sciences, à la même époque. Même si, bien sûr, on ne peut pas attribuer le considérable essor (...)
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  4. Multiple Regression Is Not Multiple Regressions: The Meaning of Multiple Regression and the Non-Problem of Collinearity.Michael B. Morrissey & Graeme D. Ruxton - 2018 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 10 (3).
    Simple regression (regression analysis with a single explanatory variable), and multiple regression (regression models with multiple explanatory variables), typically correspond to very different biological questions. The former use regression lines to describe univariate associations. The latter describe the partial, or direct, effects of multiple variables, conditioned on one another. We suspect that the superficial similarity of simple and multiple regression leads to confusion in their interpretation. A clear understanding of these methods is essential, as they underlie a large range of (...)
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  5. Why Creationists Should Learn About Evolution. [REVIEW]Graham Oppy - 2017 - Metascience 26 (1):149-151.
    Book review of Laats and Siegel (2016) *Teaching Evolution in a Creation Nation* (University of Chicago Press).
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  6. The Objectives of Science.David Miller - 2007 - Philosophia Scientiae 11 (1):21-43.
    Contesting the common opinion that, unlike the problem of induction, the problem of demarcation is of little significance, the paper maintains that Popper’s criterion of falsifiability gives an irresistible answer to the question of what can be learnt from an empirical investigation. Everything follows from the rejection of inductive logic, together with the recognition that, before it can be empirically investigated, a hypothesis has to be formulated and accepted. Scientific hypotheses emerge neither a posteriori, as inductivists hold, nor from some (...)
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  7. The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science.Sherrilyn Roush & Nicholas Maxwell - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):85.
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  8. Prediction in Epidemiology and Medicine.Jonathan Fuller, Alex Broadbent & Luis J. Flores - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 54:45-48.
  9. Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction.Barry Gower - 1996 - Routledge.
    The central theme running throughout this outstanding new survey is the nature of the philosophical debate created by modern science's foundation in experimental and mathematical method. More recently, recognition that reasoning in science is probabilistic generated intense debate about whether and how it should be constrained so as to ensure the practical certainty of the conclusions drawn. These debates brought to light issues of a philosophical nature which form the core of many scientific controversies today. _Scientific Method: A Historical and (...)
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  10. A Novel Exercise for Teaching the Philosophy of Science.Gary Hardcastle & Matthew H. Slater - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):1184-1196.
    We describe a simple, flexible exercise that can be implemented in the philosophy of science classroom: students are asked to determine the contents of a closed container without opening it. This exercise has revealed itself as a useful platform from which to examine a wide range of issues in the philosophy of science and may, we suggest, even help us think about improving the public understanding of science.
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  11. Gerhard Schurz: Philosophy of Science—A Unified Approach.Steven French - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):241-243.
    Professor Schurz has written a book that is ambitious in both scope and aims. It begins with an introductory chapter on the historical development and general aims of the philosophy of science itself, moves on to issues associated with establishing a basis for a unified approach to science, with extensive consideration of the conceptual toolkit required, then takes us through chapters on laws and empirical testing, the empirical evaluation of theories more generally, including issues of realism and empiricism, before concluding (...)
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  12. Theories of Scientific Method: An Introduction.Robert Nola & Howard Sankey - 2007 - Acumen Publishing.
    What is it to be scientific? Is there such a thing as scientific method? And if so, how might such methods be justified? Robert Nola and Howard Sankey seek to provide answers to these fundamental questions in their exploration of the major recent theories of scientific method. Although for many scientists their understanding of method is something they just pick up in the course of being trained, Nola and Sankey argue that it is possible to be explicit about what this (...)
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  13. Ulrich Kühne: Die Methode des Gedankenexperiments / Daniel Cohnitz: Gedankenexperimente in der Philosophie. [REVIEW]Thomas Brückner - 2008 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (1):161-165.
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  14. The Science of Logic. An Inquiry Into the Principles of Accurate Thought and Scientific Method.P. Coffey - 1913 - Philosophical Review 22 (1):90-90.
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  15. An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method.Ernest Nagel - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44:411.
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  16. The Heuristics of War: Scientific Method and the Founders of Operations Research.William Thomas - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (2):251-274.
    This paper explores the relationship between operations research as practised during the Second World War and the claims of many of its proponents that it constituted an application of scientific method. It begins with an examination of the pre-war work of two of the most notable leaders in wartime OR, the British experimental physicist Patrick Blackett and the American theoretical physicist Philip Morse. Despite differences in their scientific work, each saw science as an essentially creative act relying on the skill (...)
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  17. Gerhard Schurz Philosophy of Science. A Unified Approach. Routledge, New York and Abingdon, 2014. Xix + 459 Pp. Isbn 978‐0‐415‐82936‐6. [REVIEW]Lars‐Göran Johansson - 2014 - Theoria 80 (4):368-376.
  18. The Classical Model of Science – The Axiomatic Method, the Order of Concepts and the Hierarchy of Science: An Introduction.A. Betti, M. Martijn & W. R. de Jong - unknown
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  19. Reviews-The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science.Nicholas Maxwell & J. J. C. Smart - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):907-912.
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  20. Beyond the Scientific Method: Model‐Based Inquiry as a New Paradigm of Preference for School Science Investigations.Mark Windschitl, Jessica Thompson & Melissa Braaten - 2008 - Science Education 92 (5):941-967.
  21. Chronique et motifs de la controverse entre les écoles médicales de Paris et de Montpellier.Dominique Raynaud - 2011 - In Pascal Nouvel (ed.), Repenser le Vitalisme: Histoire Et Philosophie du Vitalisme. Presses Universitaires de France. pp. 33--55.
    The controversy between the medical schools of Paris and Montpellier extends roughly from the death of Barthez (1806) to the publication of the Introduction to the study of experimental medicine of Claude Bernard (1865), with a peak during which the controversy merges with the polemic between Louis Peisse and Jacques Lordat (1840-1843). This study aims to document as accurately as possible the arguments that were exchanged during this controversy, by seeking their reasons and explaining how the experimental medicine in Paris (...)
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  22. Philosophy of Science: A Unified Approach.Gerhard Schurz - 2013 - Routledge.
    Philosophy of Science: A Unified Approach combines a general introduction to philosophy of science with an integrated survey of all its important subfields. As the book’s subtitle suggests, this excellent overview is guided methodologically by "a unified approach" to philosophy of science: behind the diversity of scientific fields one can recognize a methodological unity of the sciences. This unity is worked out in this book, revealing all the while important differences between subject areas. Structurally, this comprehensive book offers a two-part (...)
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  23. Scientific Pluralism.Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Vol. XIX.Emrah Aktunc - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (2):299-302.
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  24. Scientific Method as a Stage Process.Donald S. Lee - 1968 - Dialectica 22 (1):28-44.
  25. Denken Over de Maatschappij AlS Empirische Wetenschap.J. M. G. Thurlings - 1972 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 34 (4):643 - 679.
    The question „is a science of society possible” seemingly leads into a dilemma, i. e. the choice between science without freedom or freedom without science. Positivism acknowledges this dilemma and „solves” it by opting for a science without freedom : a science of society as an object outside of and independent from individual decisions, following the example of natural science. This viewpoint is explicitly stated by Émile Durkheim in his „Rules of sociological method”. However, an analysis of the actual method (...)
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  26. How the Great Scientists Reasoned: The Scientific Method in Action.Gary G. Tibbetts - 2013 - Elsevier.
    1. Introduction : humanity's urge to understand -- 2. Elements of scientific thinking : skepticism, careful reasoning, and exhaustive evaluation are all vital. Science Is universal -- Maintaining a critical attitude. Reasonable skepticism -- Respect for the truth -- Reasoning. Deduction -- Induction -- Paradigm shifts -- Evaluating scientific hypotheses. Ockham's razor -- Quantitative evaluation -- Verification by others -- Statistics : correlation and causation -- Statistics : the indeterminacy of the small -- Careful definition -- Science at the frontier. (...)
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  27. Multiple Studies and Evidential Defeat.Matthew Kotzen - 2013 - Noûs 47 (1):154-180.
  28. Tyranny of Science.Paul Feyerabend - 2011 - Polity Press.
    Conflict and harmony -- The disunity of science -- The abundance of nature -- Dehumanizing humans.
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  29. The Scope of the Scientific Method.A. E. Heath - 1918 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 19:179 - 207.
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  30. Philosophy and Scientific Method.J. A. Passmore - 1948 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 49:17 - 32.
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  31. Review: Psychoanalysis and Scientific Method. [REVIEW]Max Teichmann - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (49):56 - 65.
  32. An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method.John K. Ryan - 1935 - New Scholasticism 9 (1):71-73.
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  33. Exploring the Scientific Method: Cases and Questions.Steven Gimbel (ed.) - 2011 - University of Chicago Press.
    This is not how science works. But science does work, and here award-winning teacher and scholar Steven Gimbel provides students the tools to answer for themselves this question: What actually is the scientific method?
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  34. The Asymmetric Carbon Atom: (A) A Case Study of Independent Discovery; (B) An Inductivist Model for Scientific Method.Hannah Gay - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (3):207-238.
  35. Bohr's Atomic Model and Paraconsistent Logic.Pandora Hadzidaki - manuscript
    Bohr’s atomic model is one of the better known examples of empirically successful, albeit inconsistent, theoretical schemes in the history of physics. For this reason, many philosophers use this model to illustrate their position for the occurrence and the function of inconsistency in science. In this paper, I proceed to a critical comparison of the structure and the aims of Bohr’s research program – the starting point of which was the formulation of his model – with some of its contemporary (...)
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  36. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1954 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    This classic work in the philosophy of physical science is an incisive and readable account of the scientific method. Pierre Duhem was one of the great figures in French science, a devoted teacher, and a distinguished scholar of the history and philosophy of science. This book represents his most mature thought on a wide range of topics.
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  37. On the Scientific Method: How Scientists Work.John James Davies - 1968 - Harlow, Longmans.
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  38. Science and Society: The Meaning and Importance of Scientific Method.Michael Bassey - 1968 - London: University of London P..
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  39. An Essay on Method.C. Hillis Kaiser - 1952 - Port Washington, N.Y., Kennikat Press.
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  40. Bayes or Bust?John Earman - 1992 - Bradford.
    There is currently no viable alternative to the Bayesian analysis of scientific inference, yet the available versions of Bayesianism fail to do justice to several aspects of the testing and confirmation of scientific hypotheses. Bayes or Bust? provides the first balanced treatment of the complex set of issues involved in this nagging conundrum in the philosophy of science. Both Bayesians and anti-Bayesians will find a wealth of new insights on topics ranging from Bayes's original paper to contemporary formal learning theory. (...)
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  41. Standards and the Distribution of Cognitive Labour: A Model of the Dynamics of Scientific Activity.Langhe Rogieder & Greiff Matthias - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (2):278-294.
    We present a model of the distribution of labour in science. Such models tend to rely on the mechanism of the invisible hand . Our analysis starts from the necessity of standards in distributed processes and the possibility of multiple standards in science. Invisible hand models turn out to have only limited scope because they are restricted to describing the atypical single-standard case. Our model is a generalisation of these models to J standards; single-standard models such as Kitcher are a (...)
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  42. Darwinian 'Blind' Hypothesis Formation Revisited.Maria Kronfeldner - 2010 - Synthese 175 (2):193--218.
    Over the last four decades arguments for and against the claim that creative hypothesis formation is based on Darwinian ‘blind’ variation have been put forward. This paper offers a new and systematic route through this long-lasting debate. It distinguishes between undirected, random, and unjustified variation, to prevent widespread confusions regarding the meaning of undirected variation. These misunderstandings concern Lamarckism, equiprobability, developmental constraints, and creative hypothesis formation. The paper then introduces and develops the standard critique that creative hypothesis formation is guided (...)
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  43. The Problem of Induction and Karl Popper’s Hypothetico-Deductive Methodology: A Critical Evaluation.Oseni Taiwo Afisi - unknown
    The focus of this paper is to examine the problem of induction as a methodology for science. It also evaluates Karl Popper’s deductive approach as the suitable methodology for scientific research. Popper calls his theory ‘hypothetico-deductive methodology’. However, this paper argues the thesis that Popper’s theory of hypothetico-deductive methodology, which he claims is the only appropriate methodology of science is fraught with some theoretical difficulties, which makes it unacceptable. Popper’s logical asymmetry between verification and falsification, we argue, is philosophically untenable. (...)
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  44. Methodological Patterns in a Structuralist Setting.Wolfgang Balzer - 2002 - Synthese 130 (1):49 - 68.
    A new approach to analyze scientific methods as patternsof state transitions is proposed and exemplified by the two mostimportant, general methods: induction and deduction. Though only`local' states of science are considered in this paper, includinghypotheses, data, approximation and degree of fit, the approach caneasily be extended to more comprehensive kinds of states. Two `pure'forms of induction are distinguished, enumerative and hypothesisconstruction induction. A combination of these two forms is proposedto yield a more adequate picture of induction. While the pure forms (...)
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  45. When Good Theories Make Bad Predictions.Vadim Batitsky & Zoltan Domotor - 2007 - Synthese 157 (1):79 - 103.
    Chaos-related obstructions to predictability have been used to challenge accounts of theory validation based on the agreement between theoretical predictions and experimental data. These challenges are incomplete in two respects: they do not show that chaotic regimes are unpredictable in principle and, as a result, that there is something conceptually wrong with idealized expectations of correct predictions from acceptable theories, and they do not explore whether chaos-induced predictive failures of deterministic models can be remedied by stochastic modeling. In this paper (...)
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  46. The Concept of Method.Justus Buchler - 1961 - University Press of America.
    Originally published in 1961 by Columbia University Press.
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  47. Historical Science, Experimental Science, and the Scientific Method.Carol Cleland - manuscript
    Many scientists believe that there is a uniform, interdisciplinary method for the prac- tice of good science. The paradigmatic examples, however, are drawn from classical ex- perimental science. Insofar as historical hypotheses cannot be tested in controlled labo- ratory settings, historical research is sometimes said to be inferior to experimental research. Using examples from diverse historical disciplines, this paper demonstrates that such claims are misguided. First, the reputed superiority of experimental research is based upon accounts of scientific methodology (Baconian inductivism (...)
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  48. Reason and Nature: An Essay on the Meaning of Scientific Method.Morris Raphael Cohen - 1931 - Dover Publications.
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  49. Methods of Science.E. L. Dellow - 1970 - New York: Universe Books.
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  50. Scientific Method.James Kern Feibleman - 1972 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
1 — 50 / 374