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  1. The Problem of Induction and Karl Popper's Hypothetico-Deductive Methodology: A Critical Evaluation.Oseni Taiwo Afisi - unknown
    The focus of this paper is to examine the problem of induction as a methodology for science. It also evaluates Karl Popper’s deductive approach as the suitable methodology for scientific research. Popper calls his theory ‘hypothetico-deductive methodology’. However, this paper argues the thesis that Popper’s theory of hypothetico-deductive methodology, which he claims is the only appropriate methodology of science is fraught with some theoretical difficulties, which makes it unacceptable. Popper’s logical asymmetry between verification and falsification, we argue, is philosophically untenable. (...)
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  2. Scientific Pluralism.Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Vol. XIX.Emrah Aktunc - 2009 - Annals of Science 66 (2):299-302.
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  3. Methodological Patterns in a Structuralist Setting.Wolfgang Balzer - 2002 - Synthese 130 (1):49 - 68.
    A new approach to analyze scientific methods as patternsof state transitions is proposed and exemplified by the two mostimportant, general methods: induction and deduction. Though only`local' states of science are considered in this paper, includinghypotheses, data, approximation and degree of fit, the approach caneasily be extended to more comprehensive kinds of states. Two `pure'forms of induction are distinguished, enumerative and hypothesisconstruction induction. A combination of these two forms is proposedto yield a more adequate picture of induction. While the pure forms (...)
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  4. Science and Society: The Meaning and Importance of Scientific Method.Michael Bassey - 1968 - London: University of London P..
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  5. When Good Theories Make Bad Predictions.Vadim Batitsky & Zoltan Domotor - 2007 - Synthese 157 (1):79 - 103.
    Chaos-related obstructions to predictability have been used to challenge accounts of theory validation based on the agreement between theoretical predictions and experimental data. These challenges are incomplete in two respects: they do not show that chaotic regimes are unpredictable in principle and, as a result, that there is something conceptually wrong with idealized expectations of correct predictions from acceptable theories, and they do not explore whether chaos-induced predictive failures of deterministic models can be remedied by stochastic modeling. In this paper (...)
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  6. The Classical Model of Science – The Axiomatic Method, the Order of Concepts and the Hierarchy of Science: An Introduction.A. Betti, M. Martijn & W. R. de Jong - unknown
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  7. Ulrich Kühne: Die Methode des Gedankenexperiments / Daniel Cohnitz: Gedankenexperimente in der Philosophie. [REVIEW]Thomas Brückner - 2008 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (1):161-165.
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  8. The Concept of Method.Justus Buchler - 1961 - University Press of America.
    Originally published in 1961 by Columbia University Press.
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  9. Historical Science, Experimental Science, and the Scientific Method.Carol Cleland - manuscript
    Many scientists believe that there is a uniform, interdisciplinary method for the prac- tice of good science. The paradigmatic examples, however, are drawn from classical ex- perimental science. Insofar as historical hypotheses cannot be tested in controlled labo- ratory settings, historical research is sometimes said to be inferior to experimental research. Using examples from diverse historical disciplines, this paper demonstrates that such claims are misguided. First, the reputed superiority of experimental research is based upon accounts of scientific methodology (Baconian inductivism (...)
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  10. The Science of Logic. An Inquiry Into the Principles of Accurate Thought and Scientific Method.P. Coffey - 1913 - Philosophical Review 22 (1):90-90.
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  11. Reason and Nature: An Essay on the Meaning of Scientific Method.Morris Raphael Cohen - 1931 - Dover Publications.
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  12. On the Scientific Method: How Scientists Work.John James Davies - 1968 - Harlow, Longmans.
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  13. Methods of Science.E. L. Dellow - 1970 - New York: Universe Books.
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  14. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1954 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    This classic work in the philosophy of physical science is an incisive and readable account of the scientific method. Pierre Duhem was one of the great figures in French science, a devoted teacher, and a distinguished scholar of the history and philosophy of science. This book represents his most mature thought on a wide range of topics.
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  15. Bayes or Bust?John Earman - 1992 - Bradford.
    There is currently no viable alternative to the Bayesian analysis of scientific inference, yet the available versions of Bayesianism fail to do justice to several aspects of the testing and confirmation of scientific hypotheses. Bayes or Bust? provides the first balanced treatment of the complex set of issues involved in this nagging conundrum in the philosophy of science. Both Bayesians and anti-Bayesians will find a wealth of new insights on topics ranging from Bayes's original paper to contemporary formal learning theory. (...)
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  16. Scientific Method.James Kern Feibleman - 1972 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
  17. Foundations of Philosophy of Science: Recent Developments.James H. Fetzer (ed.) - 1993 - Paragon House.
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  18. Tyranny of Science.Paul Feyerabend - 2011 - Polity Press.
    Conflict and harmony -- The disunity of science -- The abundance of nature -- Dehumanizing humans.
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  19. Gerhard Schurz: Philosophy of Science—A Unified Approach.Steven French - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):241-243.
    Professor Schurz has written a book that is ambitious in both scope and aims. It begins with an introductory chapter on the historical development and general aims of the philosophy of science itself, moves on to issues associated with establishing a basis for a unified approach to science, with extensive consideration of the conceptual toolkit required, then takes us through chapters on laws and empirical testing, the empirical evaluation of theories more generally, including issues of realism and empiricism, before concluding (...)
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  20. Prediction in Epidemiology and Medicine.Jonathan Fuller, Alex Broadbent & Luis J. Flores - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 54:45-48.
  21. The Asymmetric Carbon Atom: (A) A Case Study of Independent Discovery; (B) An Inductivist Model for Scientific Method.Hannah Gay - 1978 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 9 (3):207-238.
  22. Technik Und Erkenntnis.Gebhard Geiger - 1989 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 20 (2):276-286.
    The distinction between sociology of science on the one hand and methodology and systematics on the other, is an established historical fact. Thus, even in modern methodologically orientated philosophy, epistemological analyses still tend to disregard the pragmatic contexts within which scientific knowledge is produced, processed and applied. This situation also reflects the well-known fact that philosophy of science has largely ignored the conceptual and methodological foundations of technology, that is, those disciplines directly and explicitly linked to the practical implications and (...)
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  23. Foundations of Scientific Method: The Nineteenth Century.Ronald N. Giere & Richard S. Westfall (eds.) - 1973 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
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  24. Exploring the Scientific Method: Cases and Questions.Steven Gimbel (ed.) - 2011 - University of Chicago Press.
    This is not how science works. But science does work, and here award-winning teacher and scholar Steven Gimbel provides students the tools to answer for themselves this question: What actually is the scientific method?
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  25. Scientific Method: A Historical and Philosophical Introduction.Barry Gower - 1996 - Routledge.
    The central theme running throughout this outstanding new survey is the nature of the philosophical debate created by modern science's foundation in experimental and mathematical method. More recently, recognition that reasoning in science is probabilistic generated intense debate about whether and how it should be constrained so as to ensure the practical certainty of the conclusions drawn. These debates brought to light issues of a philosophical nature which form the core of many scientific controversies today. _Scientific Method: A Historical and (...)
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  26. Bohr's Atomic Model and Paraconsistent Logic.Pandora Hadzidaki - manuscript
    Bohr’s atomic model is one of the better known examples of empirically successful, albeit inconsistent, theoretical schemes in the history of physics. For this reason, many philosophers use this model to illustrate their position for the occurrence and the function of inconsistency in science. In this paper, I proceed to a critical comparison of the structure and the aims of Bohr’s research program – the starting point of which was the formulation of his model – with some of its contemporary (...)
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  27. The Principles of Scientific Thinking.Rom Harré - 1970 - London: Macmillan.
  28. An Introduction to the Logic of the Sciences.Rom Harré - 1960 - St. Martin's Press.
  29. Hypothesis and Perception: The Roots of Scientific Method.Errol E. Harris - 1970 - Humanities Press.
    Reissue from the classic Muirhead Library of Philosophy series (originally published between 1890s - 1970s).
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  30. Scientific Reasoning and Epistemic Attitudes.László Hársing - 1982 - Akadémiai Kiadó.
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  31. The Scope of the Scientific Method.A. E. Heath - 1918 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 19:179 - 207.
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  32. Gerhard Schurz Philosophy of Science. A Unified Approach. Routledge, New York and Abingdon, 2014. Xix + 459 Pp. Isbn 978‐0‐415‐82936‐6. [REVIEW]Lars‐Göran Johansson - 2014 - Theoria 80 (4):368-376.
  33. An Essay on Method.C. Hillis Kaiser - 1952 - Port Washington, N.Y., Kennikat Press.
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  34. Multiple Studies and Evidential Defeat.Matthew Kotzen - 2013 - Noûs 47 (1):154-180.
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  35. Darwinian 'Blind' Hypothesis Formation Revisited.Maria Kronfeldner - 2010 - Synthese 175 (2):193--218.
    Over the last four decades arguments for and against the claim that creative hypothesis formation is based on Darwinian ‘blind’ variation have been put forward. This paper offers a new and systematic route through this long-lasting debate. It distinguishes between undirected, random, and unjustified variation, to prevent widespread confusions regarding the meaning of undirected variation. These misunderstandings concern Lamarckism, equiprobability, developmental constraints, and creative hypothesis formation. The paper then introduces and develops the standard critique that creative hypothesis formation is guided (...)
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  36. Scientific Method as a Stage Process.Donald S. Lee - 1968 - Dialectica 22 (1):28-44.
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  37. The Concept of Method.Gerhard Richard Lomer - 1910 - [New York, Ams Press.
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  38. Philosophy of Science: An Introduction.Domenic Marbaniang - 2009 - Google Books.
    INTRODUCTION Philosophy of science is a study of the general nature of scientific practice, explanations, theories, and the relation of scientific knowledge ...
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  39. Reviews-The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science.Nicholas Maxwell & J. J. C. Smart - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):907-912.
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  40. Pluto's Republic.P. B. Medawar - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
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  41. The Popper-Carnap Controversy.Alex C. Michalos - 1971 - The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
  42. The Objectives of Science.David Miller - 2007 - Philosophia Scientiæ 11 (1):21-43.
    Contestant l’opinion commune selon laquelle le problème de la démarcation, contrairement au problème de l’induction, est relativement anecdotique, l’article soutient que le critère poppérien de falsifiabilité donne une réponse irrésistible à la question de savoir ce qui peut être appris d’une investigation empirique. Tout découle du rejet de la logique inductive, joint à la reconnaissance du fait que, avant d’être investiguée, une hypothèse doit être formulée et acceptée. Les hypothèses scientifiques n’émergent ni a posteriori comme les inductivistes le soutiennent, ni (...)
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  43. An Introduction to Logic and Scientific Method.Ernest Nagel - 1935 - Philosophical Review 44:411.
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  44. Theories of Scientific Method: An Introduction.Robert Nola & Howard Sankey - 2007 - Routledge.
    What is it to be scientific? Is there such a thing as scientific method? And if so, how might such methods be justified? Robert Nola and Howard Sankey seek to provide answers to these fundamental questions in their exploration of the major recent theories of scientific method. Although for many scientists their understanding of method is something they just pick up in the course of being trained, Nola and Sankey argue that it is possible to be explicit about what this (...)
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  45. After Popper, Kuhn, and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method.Robert Nola & Howard Sankey (eds.) - 2000 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Some think that issues to do with scientific method are last century's stale debate; Popper was an advocate of methodology, but Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are alleged to have brought the debate about its status to an end. The papers in this volume show that issues in methodology are still very much alive. Some of the papers reinvestigate issues in the debate over methodology, while others set out new ways in which the debate has developed in the last decade. The (...)
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  46. Why Creationists Should Learn About Evolution. [REVIEW]Graham Oppy - 2017 - Metascience 26 (1):149-151.
    Book review of Laats and Siegel (2016) *Teaching Evolution in a Creation Nation* (University of Chicago Press).
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  47. Philosophy and Scientific Method.J. A. Passmore - 1948 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 49:17 - 32.
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  48. Science and Method.Henri Poincaré - 1914 - Dover Publications.
    " Vivid . . . immense clarity . . . the product of a brilliant and extremely forceful intellect." — Journal of the Royal Naval Scientific Service "Still a sheer joy to read." — Mathematical Gazette "Should be read by any student, teacher or researcher in mathematics." — Mathematics Teacher The originator of algebraic topology and of the theory of analytic functions of several complex variables, Henri Poincare (1854–1912) excelled at explaining the complexities of scientific and mathematical ideas to lay (...)
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  49. Methodological Problems of Science: The Iteration Cycle: Science--Methodology of Science.Azari͡a Prizenti Polikarov - 1983 - Pub. House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
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  50. The Myth of the Framework: In Defence of Science and Rationality.Karl R. Popper - 1994 - Routledge.
    In a career spanning sixty years, Sir Karl Popper has made some of the most important contributions to the twentieth century discussion of science and rationality. The Myth of the Framework is a new collection of some of Popper's most important material on this subject. Sir Karl discusses such issues as the aims of science, the role that it plays in our civilization, the moral responsibility of the scientist, the structure of history, and the perennial choice between reason and revolution. (...)
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